CN108532316A - A kind of dyeing of leather - Google Patents

A kind of dyeing of leather Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108532316A
CN108532316A CN201810170326.7A CN201810170326A CN108532316A CN 108532316 A CN108532316 A CN 108532316A CN 201810170326 A CN201810170326 A CN 201810170326A CN 108532316 A CN108532316 A CN 108532316A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
leather
dyeing
fixed
pedestal
barrel body
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Withdrawn
Application number
CN201810170326.7A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
薛六明
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Haining Tian Fujingbian Coating Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Haining Tian Fujingbian Coating Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
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Application filed by Haining Tian Fujingbian Coating Co Ltd filed Critical Haining Tian Fujingbian Coating Co Ltd
Priority to CN201810170326.7A priority Critical patent/CN108532316A/en
Publication of CN108532316A publication Critical patent/CN108532316A/en
Withdrawn legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D06TREATMENT OF TEXTILES OR THE LIKE; LAUNDERING; FLEXIBLE MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06PDYEING OR PRINTING TEXTILES; DYEING LEATHER, FURS OR SOLID MACROMOLECULAR SUBSTANCES IN ANY FORM
    • D06P1/00General processes of dyeing or printing textiles, or general processes of dyeing leather, furs, or solid macromolecular substances in any form, classified according to the dyes, pigments, or auxiliary substances employed
    • D06P1/0032Determining dye recipes and dyeing parameters; Colour matching or monitoring
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D06TREATMENT OF TEXTILES OR THE LIKE; LAUNDERING; FLEXIBLE MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06PDYEING OR PRINTING TEXTILES; DYEING LEATHER, FURS OR SOLID MACROMOLECULAR SUBSTANCES IN ANY FORM
    • D06P1/00General processes of dyeing or printing textiles, or general processes of dyeing leather, furs, or solid macromolecular substances in any form, classified according to the dyes, pigments, or auxiliary substances employed
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D06TREATMENT OF TEXTILES OR THE LIKE; LAUNDERING; FLEXIBLE MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06PDYEING OR PRINTING TEXTILES; DYEING LEATHER, FURS OR SOLID MACROMOLECULAR SUBSTANCES IN ANY FORM
    • D06P1/00General processes of dyeing or printing textiles, or general processes of dyeing leather, furs, or solid macromolecular substances in any form, classified according to the dyes, pigments, or auxiliary substances employed
    • D06P1/44General processes of dyeing or printing textiles, or general processes of dyeing leather, furs, or solid macromolecular substances in any form, classified according to the dyes, pigments, or auxiliary substances employed using insoluble pigments or auxiliary substances, e.g. binders
    • D06P1/653Nitrogen-free carboxylic acids or their salts
    • D06P1/6533Aliphatic, araliphatic or cycloaliphatic

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  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Textile Engineering (AREA)
  • Treatment Of Fiber Materials (AREA)

Abstract

The present invention provides a kind of dyeings of leather.It solves that existing colouring method is too simple, and the leather after dyeing is easy to fade, the technical problems such as dyeing quality difference.The dyeing of this leather, includes the following steps:A, leather is weighed, after carrying out appearance test to leather, is soaked in water to fully drenched;B, water and leather will be added in the dye vat of coloring system, after stirring 3 8min, dye solution is added, fully after agitation, it is put into infrared sample dyeing machine, after acetic acid is added, starts to warm up, 24 DEG C/min of heating rate, 60 80 DEG C are warming up to, after keeping the temperature 20 30min, formic acid is added and contaminates 20 40min again, then 25 35 DEG C are cooled to, is taken out;C, the leather after dyeing is washed, and be dehydrated;D, dewatered leather is dried, drying time is 20 30min, and drying temperature is 100 120 DEG C.The present invention has the advantages that coloring is good.

Description

A kind of dyeing of leather
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of dyeings of leather.
Background technology
Leather be through depilation and the physics such as tanning, chemical process is obtained has been denaturalized not perishable Animal Skin.Leather It is made of in three dimensions close weave natural protein fibre, there is a kind of special grain layer on surface, has nature Graining and gloss, comfortable feel.
Through retrieval, as Chinese patent literature discloses a kind of colouring method of leather【Application number:201410839791.7; Publication number:CN 105803832A】.The colouring method of this leather, which is characterized in that include the following steps:In the work of coloring agent Under, leather is coloured by roller dye, the leather after being dyed.
Although colouring method dyeing time disclosed in the patent is short, the colouring method is too simple, after dyeing Leather is easy to fade, and dyeing quality is poor, and therefore, it is necessary to design a kind of dyeing of leather.
Invention content
The purpose of the present invention is there is the above problem in view of the prior art, it is proposed that a kind of dyeing of leather, it should Dyeing has the characteristics that coloring is good.
Object of the invention can be realized by the following technical scheme:A kind of dyeing of leather, which is characterized in that packet Include following steps:
A, leather is weighed, after carrying out appearance test to leather, is soaked in water to fully drenched;
B, water and leather will be added in the dye vat of coloring system, after stirring 3-8min, dye solution is added, fully stirs Afterwards, it is put into infrared sample dyeing machine, after acetic acid is added, starts to warm up, 2-4 DEG C of heating rate/min, be warming up to 60-80 DEG C, protect After warm 20-30min, formic acid is added and contaminates 20-40min again, is then cooled to 25-35 DEG C, takes out;
C, the leather after dyeing is washed, and be dehydrated;
D, dewatered leather is dried, drying time 20-30min, drying temperature is 100-120 DEG C.
Using process above, under the collective effect by dye solution, acetic acid and the various auxiliary agents of formic acid, leather can be made not allow Fugitive color, leather surface distribution of color is uniform, and coloring is good.
Leather in the step a is cattle hide or buffalo hide.
Dye solution in the step b includes the substance of following mass percentage:Black B 0.1-0.6% of the triumphant element of moral, The triumphant element Huang 3RS 4-9% and water 80-96% of moral.
Using the above material, the leather color after dyeing can be made uniform.
Acetic acid in the step b is the aqueous solution that mass concentration is 2-6%.
Formic acid in the step b is the aqueous solution that mass concentration is 2-6%.
Washing times in the step c are 2-4 times.
Coloring system in the step b includes pedestal, by support leg is fixed with top on pedestal and has and picks and places mouth Dye vat, dye vat side have several electric heating tubes, are fixed with mounting bracket on pedestal, lifting seat, lifting seat are provided on mounting bracket The lifting structure of lower movement thereon can be driven to be connected with one, the placement for being useful for placing leather is fixed by the connecting rod on lifting seat Plate offers several through-holes in placement plate, and the stirring structure for assisting stirring is additionally provided on pedestal.
The operation principle of coloring system is as follows:Leather is placed in placement plate, lifting seat or more is driven by lifting structure Mobile, lifting seat drives connecting rod to move up and down, and connecting rod drives placement plate to move up and down, and so that leather is located in dye vat, passes through Stirring structure makes the dye liquor in dye vat more preferably flow, to realize that the dyeing operation of leather, dyeing are convenient.
The material of the placement plate is stainless steel.
The lifting structure includes cylinder, guide rail and sliding block, and guide rail is fixed on mounting bracket vertically, and sliding block is arranged in guide rail On, cylinder is fixed on mounting bracket, and straight up, the piston rod end of cylinder is connected the piston rod of cylinder with sliding block, lifting seat It is connected with sliding block by connecting spring.
When needing that lifting seat is made to move up and down, the piston rod for controlling cylinder moves up and down, and the piston rod of cylinder, which drives, to be slided Block is moved up and down along guide rail, and sliding block drives lifting seat to move up and down, so as to make lifting seat move up and down.
As another situation, the lifting structure includes servo motor, gear, rack, guide rail and sliding block, and guide rail is vertical It being fixed on mounting bracket, sliding block is arranged on guide rail, and rack is fixed on mounting bracket vertically, and rack is mutually parallel with guide rail, Servo motor is fixed on sliding block, and the output shaft of servo motor is horizontally disposed, and gear is fixed on the output shaft end of servo motor, And wheel and rack is meshed, lifting seat is connected by connecting spring with sliding block.
When needing that lifting seat is made to move up and down, the output shaft of control servomotor rotates, the output shaft band of servo motor Moving gear rotates, and gear, which is gradually meshed with rack, makes sliding block be moved up and down along guide rail, and sliding block drives lifting seat to move up and down, So as to make lifting seat move up and down.
The stirring structure includes rotating bar and agitating paddle, and rotating bar is vertically arranged on pedestal, and rotating bar upper end is stretched into It is connected with agitating paddle in dye vat, rotating bar lower end can drive its Power Component rotated to be connected with one.
When needing that agitating paddle is made to rotate, rotating bar rotation, rotating bar is driven to drive agitating paddle rotation by Power Component, So as to make agitating paddle rotate.
The Power Component includes power motor, driving wheel and driven wheel, and power motor is fixed on the base, power motor Output shaft straight up, driving wheel is fixed on the output shaft end of power motor, and driven wheel is fixed on rotating bar lower end, and main Driving wheel is meshed with driven wheel.
When needing that rotating bar is made to rotate, the output shaft rotation of power motor is controlled, the output shaft of power motor drives master Wheel rotation, driving wheel drive driven wheel rotation, and driven wheel drives rotating bar rotation, so as to make rotating bar rotate.
Described dye vat one end has charge door, and solenoid valve one is provided at charge door, and the dye vat other end has discharge port, row Solenoid valve two is provided at drain port.
The conveying device of dye liquor can be conveyed to dye vat by being provided on the pedestal.
Using the above structure, dye liquor can be conveyed into dye vat by conveying device.
The conveying device includes configuration bucket, separates flow guiding disc, support ring, upper agitating shaft and lower agitating shaft, and configuration bucket is set It sets on pedestal, configuration bucket includes upper barrel body, middle staving and lower barrel body, and middle staving is fixed by the bracket on pedestal, upper barrel body It is connected with middle staving top, and upper barrel body can make the driving mechanism one that it is moved up and down along its axial stretching, upper barrel body and one It is connected, also there is input port on upper barrel body, solenoid valve three is provided at input port, lower barrel body is connected with middle staving lower part, and under Staving can make its driving mechanism two moved up and down be connected along its axial stretching, lower barrel body with one, also have on lower barrel body defeated Outlet, equipped at outlet port are provided with solenoid valve four, and delivery outlet is connected by delivery pipe with charge door, and conveying is provided in delivery pipe Pump, support ring is fixed on the base by resetting spring, and support ring leans with lower barrel body, is separated flow guiding disc and is rotatably arranged on At middle staving, separating flow guiding disc can drive its driving motor rotated to be connected with one, and separating on flow guiding disc has in fan shape There are several deflector holes, upper agitating shaft and lower agitating shaft to be horizontally set in middle staving for groove, groove, and upper agitating shaft is located at Separate above flow guiding disc, staving is connected with stepper motor one during upper one end of the mixing shaft is stretched out, the upper agitating shaft other end and helically The stirring sheet one of shape is connected, and lower agitating shaft, which is located at, to be separated below flow guiding disc, staving and stepper motor during lower one end of the mixing shaft is stretched out Two are connected, and the lower agitating shaft other end is connected with helical stirring sheet two.
Using the above structure, so that upper barrel body is moved up and down by driving mechanism one, the dye liquor at upper barrel body is pushed to down At staving, the output shaft rotation of driving motor is controlled, the output shaft of driving motor, which drives, separates flow guiding disc rotation, separates flow guiding disc The deflector hole at place carries out water conservancy diversion to the liquid stream flowed downwardly at upper barrel body, it is made to flow to everywhere in lower barrel body;Meanwhile passing through driving Mechanism two makes lower barrel body move up and down, and the dye liquor at lower barrel body is pushed at upper barrel body, controls the output shaft rotation of driving motor Dynamic, the output shaft of driving motor, which drives, separates flow guiding disc rotation, separates the deflector hole at flow guiding disc to being flowed upward at lower barrel body Liquid stream carry out water conservancy diversion, so that it is flowed to everywhere in upper barrel body;Control stepper motor one output shaft rotation, stepper motor one it is defeated Shaft drives upper agitating shaft rotation, upper agitating shaft that stirring sheet one is driven to rotate, the output shaft rotation of control stepper motor two, stepping The output shaft of motor two drives lower agitating shaft rotation, lower agitating shaft that stirring sheet two is driven to rotate;In upper barrel body, lower barrel body, separation Under the collective effect of flow guiding disc, stirring sheet one and stirring sheet two, the dye liquor in configuration bucket can be made to stir evenly, mixing effect is good.
The separation flow guiding disc two sides are further fixed on several auxiliary pieces, and auxiliary piece unevenness is then distributed.
Using the above structure, auxiliary stirring can be carried out in dye liquor by auxiliary piece.
The section of the auxiliary piece is triangle.
The driving mechanism one includes column one, push-rod electric machine one, guide rod one, guide sleeve one, iron plate one, electromagnet one, shakes Dynamic motor one and driving plate one, column one are fixed on the base, and guide rod one is fixed on vertically on column one, and the setting of guide sleeve one is being led On bar one, push-rod electric machine one is fixed on column one, the push rod of push-rod electric machine one straight up, the push rod end of push-rod electric machine one It is connected with guide sleeve one, driving plate one is connected by spring one with guide sleeve one, and electromagnet one is fixed in driving plate one, and iron plate one is solid It is scheduled at the top of upper barrel body, and iron plate one can lean with electromagnet one, vibrating motor one is fixed in driving plate one.
When needing that upper barrel body is made to move up and down, iron plate one is sucked by electromagnet one, control push-rod electric machine one pushes away Bar moves up and down, and the push rod of push-rod electric machine one drives guide sleeve one to be moved up and down along guide rod one, and guide sleeve one is driven by spring one Driving plate one moves up and down, and driving plate one drives upper barrel body to move up and down, and lower barrel body can be moved up and down passively, meanwhile, Make upper barrel body up-down vibration by a small margin by vibrating motor one.
The driving mechanism two includes column two, push-rod electric machine two, guide rod two, guide sleeve two, iron plate two, electromagnet two, shakes Dynamic motor two and driving plate two, column two are fixed on the base, and guide rod two is fixed on vertically on column two, and the setting of guide sleeve two is being led On bar two, push-rod electric machine two is fixed on column two, the push rod of push-rod electric machine two straight down, the push rod end of push-rod electric machine two It is connected with guide sleeve two, driving plate two is connected by spring two with guide sleeve two, and electromagnet two is fixed in driving plate two, and iron plate two is solid It is scheduled on lower barrel body bottom, and iron plate two can lean with electromagnet two, vibrating motor two is fixed in driving plate two.
When needing that lower barrel body is made to move up and down, iron plate two is sucked by electromagnet two, control push-rod electric machine two pushes away Bar moves up and down, and the push rod of push-rod electric machine two drives guide sleeve two to be moved up and down along guide rod two, and guide sleeve two is driven by spring two Driving plate two moves up and down, and driving plate two drives lower barrel body to move up and down, and upper barrel body can be moved up and down passively, meanwhile, Make lower barrel body up-down vibration by a small margin by vibrating motor two.
Be further fixed on controller on the pedestal, driving motor, push-rod electric machine one and push-rod electric machine two by circuit with The controller is connected.
Using the above structure, driving motor, push-rod electric machine one and push-rod electric machine two can control to act by controller, intelligence Change degree is high.
Compared with prior art, the present invention has the advantages that this:Pass through the common of dye solution, acetic acid and the various auxiliary agents of formic acid Under effect, leather can be made not allow fugitive color, leather surface distribution of color is uniform, and coloring is good.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the planar structure schematic diagram of coloring system.
Fig. 2 is the planar structure schematic diagram of conveying device in coloring system.
In figure, 1, pedestal;2, support leg;3, dye vat;3a, charge door;3b, discharge port;4, agitating paddle;5, rotating bar;6、 Driven wheel;7, power motor;8, driving wheel;9, solenoid valve two;11, mounting bracket;12, cylinder;13, placement plate;14, connecting rod; 15, guide rail;16, sliding block;17, connecting spring;18, lifting seat;19, solenoid valve one;20, guide rod two;21, guide sleeve two;22, it vibrates Motor two;23, driving plate two;24, delivery pipe;25, delivery pump;26, solenoid valve four;27, resetting spring;28, support ring;29、 Controller;31, stirring sheet two;32, lower agitating shaft;33, stepper motor two;34, stepper motor one;35, upper agitating shaft;36, it stirs Mix piece one;37, push-rod electric machine one;38, column one;39, driving plate one;40, guide sleeve one;41, guide rod one;42, spring one;43、 Vibrating motor one;44, electromagnet one;45, iron plate one;46, solenoid valve three;47, bucket is configured;47a, upper barrel body;47b, middle staving; 47c, lower barrel body;48, driving motor;49, separate flow guiding disc;49a, deflector hole;51, push-rod electric machine two;52, column two;53, iron Piece two;54, electromagnet two;55, spring two.
Specific implementation mode
Following is a specific embodiment of the present invention in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, technical scheme of the present invention will be further described, However, the present invention is not limited to these examples.
The dyeing of this leather, includes the following steps:
A, leather is weighed, after carrying out appearance test to leather, is soaked in water to fully drenched;
B, water and leather will be added in the dye vat of coloring system, after stirring 3-8min, dye solution is added, fully stirs Afterwards, it is put into infrared sample dyeing machine, after acetic acid is added, starts to warm up, 2-4 DEG C of heating rate/min, be warming up to 60-80 DEG C, protect After warm 20-30min, formic acid is added and contaminates 20-40min again, is then cooled to 25-35 DEG C, takes out;In the present embodiment, it will dye Water and leather are added in the dye vat of system, after stirring 5min, dye solution is added and is put into infrared sample dyeing machine fully after agitation In, it after acetic acid is added, starts to warm up, 3 DEG C/min of heating rate, is warming up to 63 DEG C, after keeping the temperature 24min, formic acid is added and contaminates again Then 30min is cooled to 28 DEG C, take out;
C, the leather after dyeing is washed, and be dehydrated;
D, dewatered leather is dried, drying time 20-30min, drying temperature is 100-120 DEG C;At this In embodiment, dewatered leather is dried, drying time 22min, drying temperature is 110 DEG C.
Using the technique, under the collective effect by dye solution, acetic acid and the various auxiliary agents of formic acid, leather can be made to be not easy It fades, leather surface distribution of color is uniform, and coloring is good.
Leather in step a is cattle hide or buffalo hide;In the present embodiment, the leather in step a is cattle hide.
Dye solution in step b includes the substance of following mass percentage:Black B 0.1-0.6% of the triumphant element of moral, De Kai Element Huang 3RS 4-9% and water 80-96%;The triumphant element of moral black B and De Kai element Huang 3RS is using in application number 2009102282158 Material.
In the present embodiment, the dye solution in step b includes the substance of following mass percentage:The triumphant black B of element of moral 0.3%, the triumphant element Huang 3RS 5% of moral and water 94.7%;Certainly, according to actual conditions, this kind of scheme can also be used, in step b Dye solution include following mass percentage substance:The triumphant element Huang 3RS 4.5% of the black B 0.2% of the triumphant element of moral, moral and water 95.3%.
Using the material, the leather color after dyeing can be made uniform.
Acetic acid in step b is the aqueous solution that mass concentration is 2-6%;In the present embodiment, the acetic acid in step b is matter Measure a concentration of 3% aqueous solution.
Formic acid in step b is the aqueous solution that mass concentration is 2-6%;In the present embodiment, the formic acid in step b is matter Measure a concentration of 5% aqueous solution.
Washing times in step c are 2-4 times;In the present embodiment, the washing times in step c are 3 times.
As Figure 1-Figure 2, the coloring system in step b includes pedestal 1, and top is fixed with by support leg 2 on pedestal 1 With the dye vat 3 for picking and placeing mouth, 3 side of dye vat has several electric heating tubes, and in the present embodiment, the quantity of electric heating tube is ten Root;It is fixed with mounting bracket 11 on pedestal 1, in the present embodiment, is fixed with mounting bracket 11 on pedestal 1 by welding;Peace It shelves and is provided with lifting seat 18 on 11, lifting seat 18 can drive the lifting structure of lower movement to be thereon connected with one, on lifting seat 18 It is fixed with the placement plate 13 for placing leather by connecting rod 14, several through-holes are offered in placement plate 13, in the present embodiment In, the quantity of through-hole is 60;The stirring structure for assisting stirring is additionally provided on pedestal 1.
The material of placement plate 13 is stainless steel.
Lifting structure includes cylinder 12, guide rail 15 and sliding block 16, and guide rail 15 is fixed on vertically on mounting bracket 11, in this implementation In example, guide rail 15 is fixed on mounting bracket 11 vertically by bolted connection;Sliding block 16 is arranged on guide rail 15, cylinder 12 It is fixed on mounting bracket 11, in the present embodiment, cylinder 12 is fixed on by bolted connection on mounting bracket 11;Cylinder 12 Piston rod straight up, the piston rod end of cylinder 12 is connected with sliding block 16, and lifting seat 18 passes through connecting spring 17 and sliding block 16 are connected.
Certainly, according to actual conditions, this kind of scheme can also be used, lifting structure include servo motor, gear, rack, Guide rail 15 and sliding block 16, guide rail 15 are fixed on vertically on mounting bracket 11, in the present embodiment, the side that guide rail 15 is bolted Formula is fixed on vertically on mounting bracket 11;Sliding block 16 is arranged on guide rail 15, and rack is fixed on vertically on mounting bracket 11, in this implementation In example, rack is fixed on mounting bracket 11 vertically by bolted connection;And rack is mutually parallel with guide rail 15, servo electricity Machine is fixed on sliding block 16, and in the present embodiment, servo motor is fixed on by bolted connection on sliding block 16;Servo electricity The output shaft of machine is horizontally disposed, and gear is fixed on the output shaft end of servo motor, and wheel and rack is meshed, lifting seat 18 It is connected with sliding block 16 by connecting spring 17.
Stirring structure includes rotating bar 5 and agitating paddle 4, and rotating bar 5 is vertically arranged on pedestal 1, and 5 upper end of rotating bar is stretched into It is connected with agitating paddle 4 in dye vat 3,5 lower end of rotating bar can drive its Power Component rotated to be connected with one.
Power Component includes power motor 7, driving wheel 8 and driven wheel 6, and power motor 7 is fixed on pedestal 1, in this reality It applies in example, power motor 7 is fixed on by bolted connection on pedestal 1;The output shaft of power motor 7 is straight up, main Driving wheel 8 is fixed on the output shaft end of power motor 7, and driven wheel 6 is fixed on 5 lower end of rotating bar, and driving wheel 8 and driven wheel 6 It is meshed.
3 one end of dye vat has charge door 3a, and solenoid valve 1 is provided at charge door 3a, and 3 other end of dye vat has excretion It is provided with solenoid valve 29 at mouth 3b, discharge port 3b.
The conveying device of dye liquor can be conveyed to dye vat 3 by being provided on pedestal 1;It, can be to by conveying device using the structure Dye liquor is conveyed in dye vat 3.
Conveying device includes configuration bucket 47, separates flow guiding disc 49, support ring 28, upper agitating shaft 35 and lower agitating shaft 32, is matched It sets bucket 47 to be arranged on pedestal 1, configuration bucket 47 includes upper barrel body 47a, middle staving 47b and lower barrel body 47c, and middle staving 47b passes through Holder is fixed on pedestal 1, and upper barrel body 47a is connected with the tops middle staving 47b, and upper barrel body 47a can be along its axial stretching, upper bucket Body 47a can make its driving mechanism one moved up and down be connected with one, also have input port on upper barrel body 47a, be arranged at input port There are solenoid valve 3 46, lower barrel body 47c to be connected with the lower parts middle staving 47b, and lower barrel body 47c can be along its axial stretching, lower barrel body 47c Its driving mechanism two moved up and down can be made to be connected with one, also there is delivery outlet, equipped at outlet port to be provided with electromagnetism on lower barrel body 47c Valve 4 26, delivery outlet are connected by delivery pipe 24 with charge door 3a, and delivery pump 25 is provided in delivery pipe 24, and support ring 28 is logical It crosses resetting spring 27 to be fixed on pedestal 1, and support ring 28 and lower barrel body 47c leans, separates flow guiding disc 49 and be rotatably arranged on At middle staving 47b, separating flow guiding disc 49 can drive its driving motor 48 rotated to be connected with one, in the present embodiment, driving electricity Machine 48 is connected by joining beam with middle staving 47b;Separate the groove having on flow guiding disc 49 in fan shape, groove has several lead Discharge orifice 49a, in the present embodiment, the quantity of deflector hole 49a is ten;Upper agitating shaft 35 and lower agitating shaft 32 are horizontally set on In middle staving 47b, upper agitating shaft 35, which is located at, separates 49 top of flow guiding disc, staving 47b and stepping during 35 one end of upper agitating shaft is stretched out Motor 1 is connected, and 35 other end of upper agitating shaft is connected with helical stirring sheet 1, and lower agitating shaft 32, which is located to separate, leads The lower section of flow table 49, staving 47b is connected with stepper motor 2 33 during lower 32 one end of agitating shaft is stretched out, and lower 32 other end of agitating shaft and is in Spiral stirring sheet 2 31 is connected;Using the structure, iron plate 1 is sucked by electromagnet 1, controls push-rod electric machine one 37 push rod drives guide sleeve 1 to be moved up and down along guide rod 1, and guide sleeve 1 is driven by spring 1 in driving plate 1 Lower movement, driving plate 1 drives upper barrel body 47a to move up and down, and lower barrel body 47c can be moved up and down passively, meanwhile, lead to Crossing vibrating motor 1 makes upper barrel body 47a up-down vibrations by a small margin, and the dye liquor at upper barrel body 47a is pushed at lower barrel body 47c, The output shaft for controlling driving motor 48 drives separation flow guiding disc 49 to rotate, and separates the deflector hole 49a at flow guiding disc 49 to upper barrel body The liquid stream flowed downwardly at 47a carries out water conservancy diversion, it is made to flow to everywhere in lower barrel body 47c;Meanwhile by electromagnet 2 54 by iron plate 2 53 are sucked, and the push rod of control push-rod electric machine 2 51 drives guide sleeve 2 21 to be moved up and down along guide rod 2 20, and guide sleeve 2 21 passes through Spring 2 55 drives driving plate 2 23 to move up and down, and driving plate 2 23 drives lower barrel body 47c to move up and down, and upper barrel body 47a can Passively move up and down, meanwhile, lower barrel body 47c up-down vibrations by a small margin are made by vibrating motor 2 22, at lower barrel body 47c Dye liquor be pushed at upper barrel body 47a, control driving motor 48 output shaft drive separate flow guiding disc 49 rotate, separate flow guiding disc Deflector hole 49a at 49 carries out water conservancy diversion to the liquid stream flowed upward at lower barrel body 47c, it is made to flow to everywhere in upper barrel body 47a;Control The output shaft of stepper motor 1 processed drives upper agitating shaft 35 to rotate, and upper agitating shaft 35 drives stirring sheet 1 to rotate, control step The output shaft of stepper motor 2 33 drives lower agitating shaft 32 to rotate, and lower agitating shaft 32 drives stirring sheet 2 31 to rotate;In upper barrel body 47a, lower barrel body 47c, separate flow guiding disc 49, stirring sheet 1 and stirring sheet 2 31 collective effect under, can make in configuration bucket 47 Dye liquor stir evenly, mixing effect is good.
Separate 49 two sides of flow guiding disc and be further fixed on several auxiliary pieces, in the present embodiment, the quantity of auxiliary piece is 20 It is a;And auxiliary piece unevenness is then distributed;Using the structure, auxiliary stirring can be carried out in dye liquor by auxiliary piece;The section of auxiliary piece For triangle.
Driving mechanism one includes column 1, push-rod electric machine 1, guide rod 1, guide sleeve 1, iron plate 1, electromagnet One 44, vibrating motor 1 and driving plate 1, column 1 are fixed on pedestal 1, and in the present embodiment, column 1 passes through The mode of welding is fixed on pedestal 1;Guide rod 1 is fixed on column 1 vertically, and in the present embodiment, guide rod 1 is logical Bolted mode is crossed to be fixed on vertically on column 1;Guide sleeve 1 is arranged on guide rod 1, and push-rod electric machine 1 is solid It is scheduled on column 1, in the present embodiment, push-rod electric machine 1 is fixed on by bolted connection on column 1;It pushes away Straight up, the push rod end of push-rod electric machine 1 is connected the push rod of bar motor 1 with guide sleeve 1, and driving plate 1 passes through Spring 1 is connected with guide sleeve 1, and electromagnet 1 is fixed in driving plate 1, and iron plate 1 is fixed on the tops upper barrel body 47a Portion, and iron plate 1 can lean with electromagnet 1, vibrating motor 1 is fixed in driving plate 1;In the present embodiment In, vibrating motor 1 is fixed on by bolted connection in driving plate 1.
The driving mechanism two includes column 2 52, push-rod electric machine 2 51, guide rod 2 20, guide sleeve 2 21, iron plate 2 53, electricity Magnet 2 54, vibrating motor 2 22 and driving plate 2 23, column 2 52 are fixed on pedestal 1, in the present embodiment, column 2 52 It is fixed on by welding on pedestal 1;Guide rod 2 20 is fixed on column 2 52 vertically, in the present embodiment, guide rod two 20 are fixed on column 2 52 vertically by bolted connection;Guide sleeve 2 21 is arranged on guide rod 2 20, push-rod electric machine two 51 are fixed on column 2 52, and in the present embodiment, push-rod electric machine 2 51 is fixed on column 2 52 by bolted connection On;Straight down, the push rod end of push-rod electric machine 2 51 is connected the push rod of push-rod electric machine 2 51 with guide sleeve 2 21, driving plate 2 23 It is connected with guide sleeve 2 21 by spring 2 55, electromagnet 2 54 is fixed in driving plate 2 23, and iron plate 2 53 is fixed on lower barrel body The bottoms 47c, and iron plate 2 53 can lean with electromagnet 2 54, vibrating motor 2 22 is fixed in driving plate 2 23;In this reality It applies in example, vibrating motor 2 22 is fixed on by bolted connection in driving plate 2 23.
Controller 29 is further fixed on pedestal 1, driving motor 48, push-rod electric machine 1 and push-rod electric machine 2 51 pass through circuit It is connected with the controller 29;In the present embodiment, controller 29 is using the microcontroller that can be bought in the market, microcontroller control The program of motor is existing, and program is existing, need not be updated;Using the structure, driven by the way that controller 29 is controllable Dynamic motor 48, push-rod electric machine 1 and push-rod electric machine 2 51 act, and intelligence degree is high.
The operation principle of coloring system is as follows:Leather is placed in placement plate 13, the piston rod of control cylinder 12, which drives, to be slided Block 16 is moved up and down along guide rail 15, and sliding block 16 drives lifting seat 18 to move up and down, and lifting seat 18 drives and moved down in connecting rod 14 Dynamic, connecting rod 14 drives placement plate 13 to move up and down, and leather is made to be located in dye vat 3, and the output shaft of control power motor 7 drives master Driving wheel 8 rotates, and driving wheel 8 drives driven wheel 6 to rotate, and driven wheel 6 drives rotating bar 5 to rotate, and rotating bar 5 drives 4 turns of agitating paddle It is dynamic, to realize that the dyeing operation of leather, dyeing are convenient.
Specific embodiment described herein is only an example for the spirit of the invention.Technology belonging to the present invention is led The technical staff in domain can make various modifications or additions to the described embodiments or replace by a similar method In generation, however, it does not deviate from the spirit of the invention or beyond the scope of the appended claims.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of dyeing of leather, which is characterized in that include the following steps:
A, leather is weighed, after carrying out appearance test to leather, is soaked in water to fully drenched;
B, water and leather will be added in the dye vat of coloring system, after stirring 3-8min, dye solution is added and is put fully after agitation Enter in infrared sample dyeing machine, after acetic acid is added, start to warm up, 2-4 DEG C of heating rate/min, be warming up to 60-80 DEG C, keeps the temperature 20- After 30min, formic acid is added and contaminates 20-40min again, is then cooled to 25-35 DEG C, takes out;
C, the leather after dyeing is washed, and be dehydrated;
D, dewatered leather is dried, drying time 20-30min, drying temperature is 100-120 DEG C.
2. the dyeing of leather according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the leather in the step a is cattle hide Or buffalo hide.
3. the dyeing of leather according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the dye solution in the step b includes The substance of following mass percentage:The triumphant element Huang 3RS 4-9% and water 80-96% of black B 0.1-0.6% of the triumphant element of moral, moral.
4. the dyeing of leather according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the acetic acid in the step b is that quality is dense Degree is the aqueous solution of 2-6%.
5. the dyeing of leather according to claim 4, which is characterized in that the formic acid in the step b is that quality is dense Degree is the aqueous solution of 2-6%.
6. the dyeing of leather according to claim 5, which is characterized in that the washing times in the step c are 2-4 It is secondary.
7. the dyeing of leather according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the coloring system in the step b includes Pedestal, being fixed with top by support leg on pedestal, there is the dye vat for picking and placeing mouth, dye vat side to have several electric heating tubes, pedestal On be fixed with mounting bracket, be provided with lifting seat on mounting bracket, lifting seat with one can drive thereon lower mobile lifting structure be connected, It is fixed by the connecting rod the placement plate for being useful for placing leather on lifting seat, several through-holes are offered in placement plate, are gone back on pedestal It is provided with the stirring structure for assisting stirring.
8. the dyeing of leather according to claim 7, which is characterized in that the lifting structure includes cylinder, guide rail And sliding block, guide rail are fixed on mounting bracket vertically, sliding block is arranged on guide rail, and cylinder is fixed on mounting bracket, the piston of cylinder Straight up, the piston rod end of cylinder is connected bar with sliding block, and lifting seat is connected by connecting spring with sliding block.
9. the dyeing of leather according to claim 7, which is characterized in that the stirring structure includes rotating bar and stirs Paddle is mixed, rotating bar is vertically arranged on pedestal, and rotating bar upper end is extend into dye vat to be connected with agitating paddle, rotating bar lower end and one Its Power Component rotated can be driven to be connected.
10. the dyeing of leather according to claim 9, which is characterized in that the Power Component include power motor, Driving wheel and driven wheel, power motor are fixed on the base, and straight up, driving wheel is fixed on power to the output shaft of power motor The output shaft end of motor, driven wheel is fixed on rotating bar lower end, and driving wheel is meshed with driven wheel.
CN201810170326.7A 2018-03-01 2018-03-01 A kind of dyeing of leather Withdrawn CN108532316A (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112606555A (en) * 2020-11-26 2021-04-06 赵红根 Printing equipment for automobile leather production

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CN101705628A (en) * 2009-11-16 2010-05-12 天津德凯化工股份有限公司 Method for dyeing leather by active black dye
CN101705629A (en) * 2009-11-16 2010-05-12 天津德凯化工股份有限公司 Leather dyeing method
CN101718043A (en) * 2009-11-16 2010-06-02 天津德凯化工股份有限公司 Method for dying leather by active black dye
CN106120386A (en) * 2016-06-30 2016-11-16 安徽创荣服装辅料有限公司 A kind of leather coloring technique

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101705627A (en) * 2009-11-16 2010-05-12 天津德凯化工股份有限公司 Leather dyeing method
CN101705628A (en) * 2009-11-16 2010-05-12 天津德凯化工股份有限公司 Method for dyeing leather by active black dye
CN101705629A (en) * 2009-11-16 2010-05-12 天津德凯化工股份有限公司 Leather dyeing method
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CN106120386A (en) * 2016-06-30 2016-11-16 安徽创荣服装辅料有限公司 A kind of leather coloring technique

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112606555A (en) * 2020-11-26 2021-04-06 赵红根 Printing equipment for automobile leather production

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Application publication date: 20180914