CN108493579A - Antenna module and electronic equipment - Google Patents

Antenna module and electronic equipment Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108493579A
CN108493579A CN201810226560.7A CN201810226560A CN108493579A CN 108493579 A CN108493579 A CN 108493579A CN 201810226560 A CN201810226560 A CN 201810226560A CN 108493579 A CN108493579 A CN 108493579A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
hole
opening
antenna structure
antenna
side
Prior art date
Application number
CN201810226560.7A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
曾志敏
Original Assignee
广东欧珀移动通信有限公司
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 广东欧珀移动通信有限公司 filed Critical 广东欧珀移动通信有限公司
Priority to CN201810226560.7A priority Critical patent/CN108493579A/en
Publication of CN108493579A publication Critical patent/CN108493579A/en

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Classifications

    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01QANTENNAS, i.e. RADIO AERIALS
    • H01Q1/00Details of, or arrangements associated with, antennas
    • H01Q1/52Means for reducing coupling between antennas; Means for reducing coupling between an antenna and another structure
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01QANTENNAS, i.e. RADIO AERIALS
    • H01Q1/00Details of, or arrangements associated with, antennas
    • H01Q1/12Supports; Mounting means
    • H01Q1/22Supports; Mounting means by structural association with other equipment or articles
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01QANTENNAS, i.e. RADIO AERIALS
    • H01Q1/00Details of, or arrangements associated with, antennas
    • H01Q1/12Supports; Mounting means
    • H01Q1/22Supports; Mounting means by structural association with other equipment or articles
    • H01Q1/24Supports; Mounting means by structural association with other equipment or articles with receiving set
    • H01Q1/241Supports; Mounting means by structural association with other equipment or articles with receiving set used in mobile communications, e.g. GSM
    • H01Q1/242Supports; Mounting means by structural association with other equipment or articles with receiving set used in mobile communications, e.g. GSM specially adapted for hand-held use
    • H01Q1/243Supports; Mounting means by structural association with other equipment or articles with receiving set used in mobile communications, e.g. GSM specially adapted for hand-held use with built-in antennas
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01QANTENNAS, i.e. RADIO AERIALS
    • H01Q1/00Details of, or arrangements associated with, antennas
    • H01Q1/36Structural form of radiating elements, e.g. cone, spiral, umbrella; Particular materials used therewith
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01QANTENNAS, i.e. RADIO AERIALS
    • H01Q1/00Details of, or arrangements associated with, antennas
    • H01Q1/50Structural association of antennas with earthing switches, lead-in devices or lightning protectors
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01QANTENNAS, i.e. RADIO AERIALS
    • H01Q21/00Antenna arrays or systems
    • H01Q21/0006Particular feeding systems
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01QANTENNAS, i.e. RADIO AERIALS
    • H01Q5/00Arrangements for simultaneous operation of antennas on two or more different wavebands, e.g. dual-band or multi-band arrangements
    • H01Q5/30Arrangements for providing operation on different wavebands
    • H01Q5/307Individual or coupled radiating elements, each element being fed in an unspecified way
    • H01Q5/314Individual or coupled radiating elements, each element being fed in an unspecified way using frequency dependent circuits or components, e.g. trap circuits or capacitors

Abstract

A kind of antenna module of the embodiment of the present application offer and electronic equipment.Wherein antenna module includes:Metal substrate has through-hole, the first opening and the second opening, and through-hole is adjacent with the first end of metal substrate, and the first opening and the second opening are extended to form from first end towards through-hole respectively, and are connected to through-hole;First antenna structure is formed between the first opening and the second opening, and first antenna structure is coupled by the first match circuit with the first signal source;Second antenna structure is formed in the side of the first opening, and the second antenna structure is coupled by the second match circuit with the first signal source;Third antenna structure is formed in the side of the second opening, and first antenna structure, the second antenna structure and third antenna structure are respectively positioned on first end, and are opened by the first opening and the second open space;Non-metal base plate is accommodated in through-hole, the first opening and the second opening.The embodiment of the present application can improve the antenna performance of electronic equipment.

Description

Antenna module and electronic equipment

Technical field

This application involves electronic technology field, more particularly to a kind of antenna module and electronic equipment.

Background technology

With the development of the communication technology, the electronic equipments such as smart mobile phone are more and more universal.In the use of electronic equipment In the process, such as call, object for appreciation are played etc..Wherein, user passes through electronic equipment in conversing using electronic equipment, playing game process Antenna realize signal transmission.

However, as electronic functionalities are more and more and narrow frame or the design shielded comprehensively, especially electronics is set The space hold of standby side is more and more so that the space of electronic equipment side is more and more limited, has occupancy and is located to antenna The empty regions of electronic equipment side, influence antenna performance.

Invention content

A kind of antenna module of the embodiment of the present application offer and electronic equipment, can improve antenna performance.

The embodiment of the present application provides a kind of antenna module, including:

Metal substrate, the metal substrate have through-hole, the first opening and the second opening, and the through-hole is in the Metal Substrate Run through the metal substrate on the thickness direction of plate, the through-hole is adjacent with the first end of metal substrate, first opening It extends to form from the first end towards the through-hole with the second opening, and is connected to the through-hole respectively;

First antenna structure is formed between first opening and the second opening, and the first antenna structure passes through the One match circuit is coupled with the first signal source;

Second antenna structure, is formed in the side of first opening, and second antenna structure passes through the second matching electricity Road is coupled with first signal source;

Third antenna structure, be formed in it is described second opening side, the first antenna structure, the second antenna structure and Third antenna structure is respectively positioned on the first end, and is opened by first opening and the second open space;

Non-metal base plate is accommodated in the through-hole, the first opening and the second opening, the non-metal base plate and described the One antenna structure, the second antenna structure, third antenna structure and metal substrate connection.

The embodiment of the present application also provides a kind of electronic equipment, including antenna module, and the antenna module is as described above Antenna module.

Antenna module and electronic equipment provided by the embodiments of the present application will form first antenna structure, the second antenna structure And the first opening of third antenna structure is arranged with the second opening in the same end of metal substrate, even if electronic equipment side The empty regions set are occupied, can also increase the antenna headroom region of electronic equipment end position, can improve electronic equipment The radiation intensity of end promotes the antenna performance of electronic equipment.

Description of the drawings

In order to more clearly explain the technical solutions in the embodiments of the present application, make required in being described below to embodiment Attached drawing is briefly described.It should be evident that the accompanying drawings in the following description is only some embodiments of the present application, for For those skilled in the art, without creative efforts, it can also be obtained according to these attached drawings other attached Figure.

Fig. 1 is the structural schematic diagram of electronic equipment provided by the embodiments of the present application.

Fig. 2 is another structural schematic diagram of electronic equipment provided by the embodiments of the present application.

Fig. 3 is another structural schematic diagram of electronic equipment provided by the embodiments of the present application.

Fig. 4 is another structural schematic diagram of electronic equipment provided by the embodiments of the present application.

Fig. 5 is the structural schematic diagram of antenna module provided by the embodiments of the present application.

Fig. 6 is the structural schematic diagram of shell provided by the embodiments of the present application.

Fig. 7 is another structural schematic diagram of antenna module provided by the embodiments of the present application.

Fig. 8 is another structural schematic diagram of antenna module provided by the embodiments of the present application.

Fig. 9 is another structural schematic diagram of antenna module provided by the embodiments of the present application.

Figure 10 is another structural schematic diagram of antenna module provided by the embodiments of the present application.

Specific implementation mode

Below in conjunction with the attached drawing in the embodiment of the present application, technical solutions in the embodiments of the present application carries out clear, complete Site preparation describes.Obviously, described embodiments are only a part of embodiments of the present application, instead of all the embodiments.It is based on Embodiment in the application, the every other implementation that those skilled in the art are obtained without creative efforts Example, shall fall in the protection scope of this application.

In the description of the present application, it is to be understood that term "center", " longitudinal direction ", " transverse direction ", " length ", " width ", " thickness ", "upper", "lower", "front", "rear", "left", "right", "vertical", "horizontal", "top", "bottom", "inner", "outside", " up time The orientation or positional relationship of the instructions such as needle ", " counterclockwise " is to be based on the orientation or positional relationship shown in the drawings, and is merely for convenience of It describes the application and simplifies to describe, do not indicate or imply the indicated device or element must have a particular orientation, with spy Fixed azimuth configuration and operation, therefore should not be understood as the limitation to the application.In addition, term " first ", " second " are only used for Purpose is described, relative importance is not understood to indicate or imply or implicitly indicates the quantity of indicated technical characteristic. " first " is defined as a result, the feature of " second " can explicitly or implicitly include one or more feature. In the description of the present application, the meaning of " plurality " is two or more, unless otherwise specifically defined.

In the description of the present application, it should be noted that unless otherwise clearly defined and limited, term " installation ", " phase Even ", " connection " shall be understood in a broad sense, for example, it may be being fixedly connected, may be a detachable connection, or be integrally connected;It can Can also be to be electrically connected or can mutually communicate to be mechanical connection;It can be directly connected, it can also be by between intermediary It connects connected, can be the interaction relationship of the connection or two elements inside two elements.For the ordinary skill of this field For personnel, the concrete meaning of above-mentioned term in this application can be understood as the case may be.

In this application unless specifically defined or limited otherwise, fisrt feature the "upper" of second feature or "lower" It may include that the first and second features are in direct contact, can also not be to be in direct contact but pass through it including the first and second features Between other characterisation contact.Moreover, fisrt feature second feature " on ", " top " and " above " include first special Sign is right over second feature and oblique upper, or is merely representative of fisrt feature level height and is higher than second feature.Fisrt feature exists Second feature " under ", " lower section " and " following " include fisrt feature immediately below second feature and obliquely downward, or be merely representative of Fisrt feature level height is less than second feature.

Following disclosure provides many different embodiments or example is used for realizing the different structure of the application.In order to Simplify disclosure herein, hereinafter the component of specific examples and setting are described.Certainly, they are merely examples, and And purpose does not lie in limitation the application.In addition, the application can in different examples repeat reference numerals and/or reference letter, This repetition is for purposes of simplicity and clarity, itself not indicate between discussed various embodiments and/or setting Relationship.In addition, this application provides various specific techniques and material example, but those of ordinary skill in the art can be with Recognize the application of other techniques and/or the use of other materials.

In this application, electronic equipment includes, but are not limited to be configured to connect (such as via public friendship via Wireline Change telephone network (PSTN), digital subscriber line (DSL), digital cable, Direct cable connection and/or another data connection/ Network) and/or via (for example, for cellular network, the digital tv network of WLAN (WLAN), such as DVB-H networks Network, satellite network, AM-FM broadcasting transmitter and/or another communication terminal) wireless interface receives/send signal of communication Device.Be configured to can be referred to as by the communication equipment of radio interface communication " wireless communication terminal ", " wireless terminal " or " mobile terminal ".The example of mobile terminal includes, but are not limited to satellite or cellular phone;Can with combination cellular radio telephone with PCS Personal Communications System (PCS) terminal of data processing, fax and communication ability;May include radio telephone, paging Machine, the Internet/intranet access, Web browser, memo pad, calendar and/or global positioning system (GPS) receiver PDA;And conventional laptop and/or palmtop receiver or other electronic devices including radiotelephone transceiver.

A kind of antenna module of the embodiment of the present application offer and electronic equipment.It will be described in detail respectively below.The antenna Component can be arranged in the electronic equipment.

Referring to Fig. 1, Fig. 1 is the structural schematic diagram of electronic equipment provided by the embodiments of the present application.The electronic equipment 10 can With include cover board 11, display screen 12, circuit board 13, battery 14, shell 15, front camera 161, rear camera 162 and Unlocked by fingerprint module 17.It should be noted that the electronic equipment 10 is not limited to the above content, can also include other devices Part, or do not include rear camera 16, or do not include unlocked by fingerprint module 17.

Wherein, cover board 11 is installed on display screen 12, to cover display screen 12.Cover board 11 can be transparent glass cover plate, So that display screen euphotic cover plate 11 is shown.In some embodiments, cover board 11 can be with materials systems such as sapphires At glass cover-plate.

Wherein, shell 15 can form the exterior contour of electronic equipment 10.In some embodiments, which can wrap Center 151 and rear cover 152 are included, center 151 and the intercombination of rear cover 152 form the shell 15, and the center 151 and rear cover 152 can To form storage space, to store the devices such as circuit board 13, display screen 12, battery 14.Further, cover board 11 can be fixed to On shell 15, the cover board 11 and shell 15 form confined space, to accommodate the devices such as circuit board 13, display screen 12, battery 14. In some embodiments, the lid of cover board 11 is set on center 151, and the lid of rear cover 152 is set on center 151, and cover board 11 and rear cover 152 are located at The opposite face of center 151, cover board 11 and rear cover 152 are oppositely arranged.

In some embodiments, shell 15 can be the metals such as metal shell, such as magnesium alloy, stainless steel.It needs to illustrate , the material of the embodiment of the present application shell 15 is not limited to this, and can also use other manner, such as:Shell 15 can be Plastic casing.Also such as:Shell 15 is ceramic shell.For another example:Shell 15 may include plastic portions and metal part, shell 15 can be metal and the mutually matched shell structure of plastic cement, specifically, can first forming metal part, such as using injection molding Mode forms magnesium alloy substrate, and injection moulding plastic, formation plastic substrate then constitute complete shell knot again on magnesium alloy substrate Structure.

It should be noted that the structure of the embodiment of the present application shell is not limited to this, such as:Rear cover and center are integrally formed 15 structure of shell completed is formed, which directly has a storage space, for storing circuit board 13, display screen 12, electricity The devices such as pond 14.

Wherein, which is mounted in shell 15, which can be the mainboard of electronic equipment 10, circuit board Motor, microphone, loud speaker, earphone interface, Universal Serial Bus Interface, front camera 161, postposition can be integrated on 13 One, two or more in the functional units such as camera 162, range sensor, ambient light sensor, receiver and processor It is a.

In some embodiments, which can be fixed in shell 15.Specifically, the circuit board 13 can pass through Screw is screwed on center 151, card can also be fitted on center 151 by the way of buckle.It should be noted that the application is real A circuit board 13 is applied specifically to be not limited to this fixed to the mode on center 151, can with other manner, such as by buckle and Screw fixed mode jointly.

Wherein, which is mounted in shell 15, and battery 14 is electrically connected with the circuit board 13, with to electronic equipment 10 provide power supply.Shell 15 can be as the battery cover of battery 14.Shell 15 covers battery 14 to protect battery 14, particularly Rear cover covers battery 14 to protect battery 14, reduces collision of the battery 14 due to electronic equipment 10, the damage falling etc. and be subject to.

Wherein, which is mounted in shell 15, meanwhile, which is electrically connected on circuit board 13, with shape At the display surface of electronic equipment 10.The display screen 12 may include display area and non-display area.The display area can be used To show the picture of electronic equipment 10 or carry out touching manipulation etc. for user.The top area of the non-display area is opened up for sound The functional units such as fingerprint module, touch controlled key can be arranged on the non-display area bottom in the trepanning of sound and light conduction.Its In the cover board 11 be installed on display screen 12, to cover display screen 12, can be formed display area identical with display screen 12 and Non-display area can also form different display areas and non-display area.

In some embodiments, display screen 12 can be liquid crystal display (Liquid Crystal Display, LCD) or The display screen of the types such as organic light-emitting diode (OLED) display screen (Organic Light-Emitting Diode, OLED).At some In embodiment, when display screen 12 be liquid crystal display when, display screen 12 may include the backlight module being cascading, it is lower partially The structures such as mating plate, array substrate, liquid crystal layer, color membrane substrates and upper polaroid.When display screen 12 is aobvious for Organic Light Emitting Diode When display screen, display screen 12 may include the base being cascading, anode layer, organic layer, conductive layer, emission layer and cathode The structures such as layer.In some embodiments, display screen 12 can be transparent display screen, which may be nontransparent display Screen.

It should be noted that the structure of the display screen 12 is not limited to this.For example, the display screen 12 can be abnormity screen.

Referring to Fig. 2, Fig. 2 is another structural schematic diagram of electronic equipment provided by the embodiments of the present application.The electronic equipment 20 include cover board 21, display screen 22, circuit board 23, battery 24 and shell 25.The difference of the electronic equipment 20 and electronic equipment 10 It is:Display screen 22 is formed with light-permeable region 221 directly over.Such as:Display screen 22 is provided with to be passed through in a thickness direction The through-hole 221 of display screen 22 is worn, which can be arranged the optical devices such as front camera, receiver, sensor, with Just signal transmission.Wherein, cover board 21 can be covered in 221 position of through-hole, can also open up corresponding through-hole.

It should be noted that the structure of display screen is not limited to this, such as:Display screen 22 is provided with non-display area, should Light-permeable region 28 may include the non-display area, which does not show.It should be noted that shell 25 can join Read shell 15, circuit board 23 can be refering to battery 14 refering to circuit board 13, battery 24, details are not described herein.

Referring to Fig. 3, Fig. 3 is another structural schematic diagram of electronic equipment provided by the embodiments of the present application, the electronics in Fig. 3 Equipment 30 may include display screen 32, cover board 31, circuit board 33, battery 34 and shell 35.The electronic equipment 30 and the above electronics Equipment difference lies in:Display screen 32 its periphery be arranged jagged 321, the notch 321 can place front camera 161, The functional units such as receiver, sensor.Wherein, cover board 31 is suitble to the structure setting of display screen 31, which can be in notch 321 321 position of notch can also be covered by big notch, the cover board 31 such as being arranged.It should be noted that shell 35 can refering to Upper shell 15, circuit board 33 can be refering to battery 14 refering to circuit board 13, battery 34, details are not described herein.

It should also be noted that, in some embodiments, display screen 12 can not also include non-display area, and be arranged to The functional units such as range sensor, ambient light sensor can be set to display screen lower section or other positions by screen structure comprehensively Place.Specifically, referring to Fig. 4, Fig. 4 is another structural schematic diagram of electronic equipment provided by the embodiments of the present application.The electronics is set Standby 40 may include display screen 42, cover board 41, circuit board 43, battery 44 and shell 45.Wherein, display screen 42 is covered in shell 45 On, without non-display area.Wherein, cover board 41 is suitble to the size of display screen 42 to be arranged.It should be noted that shell 45 can With refering to shell 15, circuit board 43 can be refering to battery 14 refering to circuit board 13, battery 44, details are not described herein.

It is understood that as electronic functionalities are more and more, the device of electronic equipment internal installation is more and more, The sky of electronic equipment can additionally be occupied by installing additional device toward electronic equipment internal in the case of electronic equipment size constancy Between.For example when production shields electronic equipment or narrow frame electronic equipment comprehensively, the space of electronic equipment side can be occupied.It can manage Solution, the antenna of existing electronic equipment are generally located on the end of electronic equipment and the link position of end and side, than Such as slot antenna, opening is often positioned in the side of electronic equipment, and the empty regions of aperture position are bigger, often antenna Radiate strong point.And it is excessive for side device, electronic equipment side spaces can be occupied, empty regions are occupied, reduce aerial radiation Body intensity, influences antenna performance.In the case of additionally increasing electronic equipment size, knot that the application passes through antenna module Structure can keep electronic equipment to realize narrow frame, Rimless or full screen display, while realize that antenna performance is good.Below with antenna sets It is described in detail for part.

In some embodiments, referring to Fig. 5, Fig. 5 is the structural schematic diagram of antenna module provided by the embodiments of the present application. The antenna module 5 can be installed in electronic equipment, which can be no longer superfluous herein refering to any of the above electronic equipment It states.The antenna module 5 may include mutiple antennas structure (510,520 and 530) and shell 55.

Wherein, shell 55 may include metal substrate 551 and non-metal base plate 552.It please refers to, Fig. 6 is implemented for the application The structural schematic diagram for the shell that example provides.The metal substrate 551 has first end 501, the first side 503, the second end 502 And second side 504.Wherein first end 501 and the second end 502 are opposite, the length of first end 501 and the second end 502 It can be identical.Wherein the first side 503 and the second side 504 are opposite, and the length of the first side 503 and the second side 504 can be with Identical, first end 501 is between the first side 503 and the second side 504 and the second end 502 is located at the first side 503 and second between side 504.In some embodiments, the length of the first side 503 is more than the length of first end 501.

In some embodiments, metal substrate 551 is provided with through-hole 560, first in the position of first end 501 and is open 540 and second opening 550.Wherein through-hole 560 runs through metal substrate 551, the through-hole on the thickness direction of metal substrate 551 560 can be strip-shaped hole, or arcuate socket, the through-hole 560 and first end 501 are adjacent.Wherein first opening 540 and the Two 550 spaced settings of opening, the first opening 540 and the second opening 550 extend from first end 501 towards through-hole 560 It is formed, and the first opening 540 and the second opening 550 are connected to through-hole 560 respectively.Pass through the first opening 540 and the second opening 550 Through-hole 560 is formed as into three parts, is located at the first hole 561 between the first opening 540 and the second opening 550, is opened positioned at first Second hole 562 of 541 sides of mouth, and the third hole 563 positioned at the second 550 sides of opening.Second hole 562 and third hole 563 It is located at 561 both sides of the first hole.

In some embodiments, which can be strip-shaped hole.Second hole 562 can be arcuate socket, this second Hole 562 is located at a turning of shell 55 close to the link position of first end 501 and the first side 503, i.e. second hole 562 Position.The arcuate structure in second hole 562 is suitble to corner structure adjacent thereto.The third hole 563 can be arcuate socket, this Three holes 563 are located at another of shell 55 close to the link position of first end 501 and the second side 504, i.e. the third hole 563 Corner location.The arcuate structure in the third hole 563 is suitble to corner structure adjacent thereto.It should be noted that first hole 561, the structure in the second hole 562 and third hole 563 is not limited to this, or other shapes.

In some embodiments, the shape in second hole 562 and third hole 563 can be identical, second hole 562 and third The size in hole 563 can be identical, and second hole 562 and third hole 563 can be symmetrical arranged relative to the first hole 561.

Wherein, the first opening 540 can be rectangular opening, and the width range of first opening 54 can be 1.5mm-2mm.Its In, the second opening 550 can be rectangular opening, and the width range of second opening 55 can be 1.5mm-2mm.First opening 540 and second opening 550 formation can be identical, this first opening 540 and second opening 550 size can be identical.It needs Illustrate, the shape and size of first opening 540 and the second opening 550 are not limited to this.

Wherein, first the 540, second opening 550 of opening and the first hole 561 form the first metal portion 510, the first metal portion 510 are located between the first opening 540 and the second opening 550, and the first metal portion 510 is located at 561 outside of the first hole.In some realities It applies in example, which is string configuration.First metal portion 510 can be used as first antenna structure 510, or Person says that the first metal portion 510 can be used as the first radiator 510.The first antenna structure 510 can be with 511 coupling of the first signal source It closes and the first antenna structure 510 can be coupled with the first earth point 514 so that first antenna structure 510 can receive and dispatch letter Number.The first antenna structure 510 can be coupled by the first match circuit 512 with the first signal source 511.Pass through first signal The excitation in source 511 can inspire energy, to carry out transmitting-receiving letter by the first match circuit 512 in first antenna structure 510 Number.

In some embodiments, first switch 513 is coupled between first match circuit 512 and the first signal source 511, it should First switch 513 can switch the different state of first antenna structure 510, to realize different frequencies in first antenna structure 510 The covering of the frequency ranges such as the covering in road, such as GSM850 (B5)/GSM900 (B8)/B3/B41.It should be noted that the first switch 510 can also be coupling in other positions, such as:Referring to Fig. 7, Fig. 7 is the another of antenna module provided by the embodiments of the present application Structural schematic diagram, the first switch 513 are coupling between the first earth point 514 and first antenna structure 510.Or this first is opened Pass 513 directly couples with first antenna structure 510 also possible.

In some embodiments, which can be used as main collection antenna structure.The first antenna structure 510 length can be 35mm-40mm.It should be noted that the length of the first antenna structure 510 may be 30mm.When When the cascade unit of first antenna structure 510 causes its radiation signal bad compared with short-range missile, can first antenna structure 510 wherein One end couples a series inductance 515.Referring to Fig. 8, Fig. 8 is another structure of antenna module provided by the embodiments of the present application Schematic diagram.The series inductance 515 is coupling in one of first antenna structure 510 end position, can be with the second opening 550 It is adjacent.It should be noted that the series inductance 515 can also be adjacent with the first opening 540.In some embodiments, the series connection Inductance 515 is coupling between the first earth point 514 and first antenna structure 510.The series inductance 515 can increase first antenna The equivalent degree of structure 510 improves the performance of first antenna structure 510.

Wherein, the side of the first opening 540 forms the second metal portion 520, and the second metal portion 520 is located at the second hole 562 Outside, second metal portion 520 are located at the link position of first end 501 and the first side 503, in other words second metal portion 520 are located at one of shell 55 corner location.In some embodiments, which is arcuate structure.This Two metal portions 520 can be used as main collection antenna, can also be used as diversity antenna.Second metal portion 520 can be used as second day Cable architecture 520, in other words second metal portion 520 can be used as the second radiator 520.Second antenna structure 520 can be with Second signal source 521 couples so that the second antenna structure 520 can be with receiving and transmitting signal.Second antenna structure 520 can pass through Two match circuits 522 are coupled with second signal source 521.By the excitation in the second signal source 521, pass through the second match circuit 522 can inspire energy on the second antenna structure 520, to carry out receiving and transmitting signal.It can be real on the second antenna structure 520 The covering of existing different frequency range, such as:B1, B3, B38, B39, B40, B41 frequency range.

It should be noted that the mode of second antenna structure 520 is encouraged to be not limited to this, such as:Referring to Fig. 9, Fig. 9 For another structural schematic diagram of antenna module provided by the embodiments of the present application.Second antenna structure 520 passes through in the antenna module 5 Second switch 523 is coupled with the second earth point 524.In specific work process, the first signal source 511 passes through the first match circuit 512 excitation first antenna structures 510, and energy is inspired in first antenna structure 510, and it is logical by the first opening 540 It crosses spacing wireless electromagnetic energy and inspires within second day energy on antenna structure 520, while switching second by second switch 523 The state of antenna structure 520, to realize the covering of different channel, such as:B1, B3, B38, B39, B40, B41 frequency range.This first Antenna structure 510 and the second antenna structure 520 are contacted by the electromagnetic energy of Space Coupling.

For another example:Referring to Fig. 10, Figure 10 is another structural schematic diagram of antenna module provided by the embodiments of the present application.It should Second antenna structure 520 is coupled by the second match circuit 522 with first switch 514 in antenna module 5, the first antenna structure 510 are coupled by the first match circuit 512 with first switch 514, which couples with the first signal source 511.From And by the excitation of first signal source 511, first switch 514 and the first match circuit 512 can be passed through in first antenna knot Energy is inspired on structure 510, to cover different frequency ranges.Simultaneously by the excitation of first signal source 511, first can be passed through Switch 514 and the second match circuit 522 inspire energy on the second antenna structure 520, to cover different frequency ranges.Meanwhile The state of first antenna structure 510 and the state of the second antenna structure 520 can be switched respectively by the first switch 514, To realize the covering of different frequency range, to realize that full frequency band covers.To realize the covering of full frequency band by way of single feed point.

Wherein, the side of second switch 550 forms third metal portion 530, and third metal portion 540 is located at third hole 563 Outside, the third metal portion 530 are located at the link position of first end 501 and the second side 504, in other words the third metal portion 530 are located at one of shell 55 corner location.In some embodiments, which is arcuate structure.This Three metal portions 530 can be used as short-distance communication antenna, such as WIFI antennas and GPS antenna.The third metal portion 530 can be made For third antenna structure 530, the third metal portion 530 can be used as third radiator 530 in other words.The third antenna structure 530 can couple with third signal source 531 so that third antenna structure 530 can be with receiving and transmitting signal.The third antenna structure 530 It can be coupled with third signal source 531 by third match circuit 532.By the excitation of the third signal source 531, by third Match circuit 532 can inspire energy in third antenna structure 530, to carry out receiving and transmitting signal.It can be in second day knot The covering of GPS/2.4G WIFI/5G WIFI frequency ranges is realized on structure 520.

It should be noted that metal material may be used for the metal substrate 551 or alloy material is made, such as aluminium alloy, Magnesium alloy etc..

Wherein, non-metal base plate 552 may be used plastic material and be made, which can be filled in through-hole 560, in the first opening 540 and the second opening 550, for example the mode of injection molding may be used and be molded, which can be with First antenna structure 510, the second antenna structure 520, third antenna structure 530 and metal substrate 551 are linked together.

It should be noted that remaining structure of the shell 55 can be refering to the above shell structure, or it can be refering to above Middle frame structure, details are not described herein.

It should also be noted that, three day knots are arranged in the above first end 501 for the embodiment of the present application in shell 55 Structure (510,520 and mode 530), it should be noted that three antenna structures, which are arranged, in the second end 502 of shell 55 is also Can with.Certainly, also possible in the first side 503 or the second side 504 three antenna structures of setting.Also need to explanation It is that it is also possible to be respectively provided with three antenna structures in first end 501 and the second end 502.

From the foregoing, it will be observed that the embodiment of the present application will form first antenna structure 510, the second antenna structure 520 and third antenna First opening 540 of structure 530 and the second opening 550 are arranged in the same end (i.e. first end 501) of metal substrate 551, Even if the empty regions of electronic equipment side locations are occupied, the antenna headroom area of electronic equipment end position can also be increased Domain can improve the radiation intensity of electronic equipment end, promote the antenna performance of electronic equipment.

Antenna module provided by the embodiments of the present application and electronic equipment are described in detail above, it is used herein The principle and implementation of this application are described for specific case, and the explanation of above example is only intended to help to understand this Application.Meanwhile for those skilled in the art, according to the thought of the application, in specific embodiments and applications It will change, in conclusion the contents of this specification should not be construed as limiting the present application.

Claims (11)

1. a kind of antenna module, which is characterized in that including:
Metal substrate, the metal substrate have through-hole, the first opening and the second opening, and the through-hole is in the metal substrate Run through the metal substrate on thickness direction, the through-hole is adjacent with the first end of metal substrate, first opening and the Two openings are extended to form from the first end towards the through-hole respectively, and are connected to the through-hole;
First antenna structure is formed between first opening and the second opening, and the first antenna structure passes through first It is coupled with the first signal source with circuit;
Second antenna structure, be formed in it is described first opening side, second antenna structure by the second match circuit with The first signal source coupling;
Third antenna structure is formed in the side of second opening, the first antenna structure, the second antenna structure and third Antenna structure is respectively positioned on the first end, and is opened by first opening and the second open space;
Non-metal base plate, be accommodated in the through-hole, first opening and second opening in, the non-metal base plate with described first day Cable architecture, the second antenna structure, third antenna structure and metal substrate connection.
2. antenna module according to claim 1, which is characterized in that between first match circuit and the first signal source First switch is coupled, the first switch is coupled between second match circuit and second signal source, the first switch is used In the frequency range for switching the first antenna structure and the second antenna structure.
3. antenna module according to claim 1, which is characterized in that one end of the first antenna structure passes through series electrical Sense is coupled with the first earth point.
4. antenna module according to claim 3, which is characterized in that the series inductance is adjacent with third antenna structure.
5. antenna module according to claim 1, which is characterized in that first match circuit and the second match circuit point Not close to first opening.
6. according to any antenna modules of claim 1-5, which is characterized in that the through-hole respectively with the metal substrate The first side and the second side it is adjacent, first side and the second side are oppositely arranged, first side and the second side Portion is located at the both sides of the first end, and the through-hole includes interconnected the first hole, the second hole and third hole, described First hole is located between first opening and the second opening, and second hole and third hole are located at first hole two Side.
7. antenna module according to claim 6, which is characterized in that second hole and third hole are respectively arcuate socket, Second hole is close to the link position of the first end and the first side, and the third hole is close to the first end and The link position of two sides;Second antenna structure is formed by second hole and the first opening, second antenna structure Positioned at the link position of the first end and the first side;The third antenna structure is by the third hole and the second opening shape At the third antenna structure is located at the link position of the first end and the second side, the third antenna structure and Two antenna structures are respectively arcuate structure.
8. antenna module according to claim 7, which is characterized in that second antenna structure and third antenna structure phase The first antenna symmetrical configuration is arranged, second hole and third hole are symmetrical arranged relative to first hole.
9. antenna module according to claim 7, which is characterized in that first hole is strip-shaped hole, the first antenna Structure is strip structure, and the length range of the first antenna structure is 35mm-40mm.
10. antenna module according to claim 6, which is characterized in that the width range of first opening is 1.5mm- The width range of 2mm, second opening are 1.5mm-2mm.
11. a kind of electronic equipment, which is characterized in that including antenna module, the antenna module is any institute of claims 1 to 10 The antenna module stated.
CN201810226560.7A 2018-03-19 2018-03-19 Antenna module and electronic equipment CN108493579A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201810226560.7A CN108493579A (en) 2018-03-19 2018-03-19 Antenna module and electronic equipment

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201810226560.7A CN108493579A (en) 2018-03-19 2018-03-19 Antenna module and electronic equipment

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN108493579A true CN108493579A (en) 2018-09-04

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Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104852144A (en) * 2015-04-02 2015-08-19 酷派软件技术(深圳)有限公司 Antenna, and antenna switching method and device
WO2016015284A1 (en) * 2014-07-31 2016-02-04 华为技术有限公司 Mobile terminal
US9413058B1 (en) * 2015-07-10 2016-08-09 Amazon Technologies, Inc. Loop-feeding wireless area network (WAN) antenna for metal back cover
CN107359400A (en) * 2017-06-27 2017-11-17 维沃移动通信有限公司 A kind of antenna and mobile terminal
CN107634312A (en) * 2016-07-19 2018-01-26 深圳富泰宏精密工业有限公司 Antenna structure and the radio communication device with the antenna structure

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2016015284A1 (en) * 2014-07-31 2016-02-04 华为技术有限公司 Mobile terminal
CN104852144A (en) * 2015-04-02 2015-08-19 酷派软件技术(深圳)有限公司 Antenna, and antenna switching method and device
US9413058B1 (en) * 2015-07-10 2016-08-09 Amazon Technologies, Inc. Loop-feeding wireless area network (WAN) antenna for metal back cover
CN107634312A (en) * 2016-07-19 2018-01-26 深圳富泰宏精密工业有限公司 Antenna structure and the radio communication device with the antenna structure
CN107359400A (en) * 2017-06-27 2017-11-17 维沃移动通信有限公司 A kind of antenna and mobile terminal

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