CN108411728A - Surface drainage - Google Patents

Surface drainage Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108411728A
CN108411728A CN201810292019.6A CN201810292019A CN108411728A CN 108411728 A CN108411728 A CN 108411728A CN 201810292019 A CN201810292019 A CN 201810292019A CN 108411728 A CN108411728 A CN 108411728A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
drainage
road
seam
sand
plate
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201810292019.6A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王贤萍
万学良
解明利
黄屹
楼诚
孙烨
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
JIAXING PLANNING & RESEARCH INSTITUTE Co Ltd
Original Assignee
JIAXING PLANNING & RESEARCH INSTITUTE Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by JIAXING PLANNING & RESEARCH INSTITUTE Co Ltd filed Critical JIAXING PLANNING & RESEARCH INSTITUTE Co Ltd
Priority to CN201810292019.6A priority Critical patent/CN108411728A/en
Publication of CN108411728A publication Critical patent/CN108411728A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

Links

Classifications

    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F1/00Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • C02F1/001Processes for the treatment of water whereby the filtration technique is of importance
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E01CONSTRUCTION OF ROADS, RAILWAYS, OR BRIDGES
    • E01CCONSTRUCTION OF, OR SURFACES FOR, ROADS, SPORTS GROUNDS, OR THE LIKE; MACHINES OR AUXILIARY TOOLS FOR CONSTRUCTION OR REPAIR
    • E01C11/00Details of pavings
    • E01C11/22Gutters; Kerbs ; Surface drainage of streets, roads or like traffic areas
    • E01C11/224Surface drainage of streets
    • E01C11/225Paving specially adapted for through-the-surfacing drainage, e.g. perforated, porous; Preformed paving elements comprising, or adapted to form, passageways for carrying off drainage
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E01CONSTRUCTION OF ROADS, RAILWAYS, OR BRIDGES
    • E01CCONSTRUCTION OF, OR SURFACES FOR, ROADS, SPORTS GROUNDS, OR THE LIKE; MACHINES OR AUXILIARY TOOLS FOR CONSTRUCTION OR REPAIR
    • E01C11/00Details of pavings
    • E01C11/22Gutters; Kerbs ; Surface drainage of streets, roads or like traffic areas
    • E01C11/224Surface drainage of streets
    • E01C11/227Gutters; Channels ; Roof drainage discharge ducts set in sidewalks
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E01CONSTRUCTION OF ROADS, RAILWAYS, OR BRIDGES
    • E01CCONSTRUCTION OF, OR SURFACES FOR, ROADS, SPORTS GROUNDS, OR THE LIKE; MACHINES OR AUXILIARY TOOLS FOR CONSTRUCTION OR REPAIR
    • E01C5/00Pavings made of prefabricated single units
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F2103/00Nature of the water, waste water, sewage or sludge to be treated
    • C02F2103/001Runoff or storm water

Abstract

The present invention relates to surface drainage, the surface drainage includes sand base and lamination is layed in concrete layer and road surface plate layer in the sand base;The road surface plate layer includes multiple road surface modules being layed on the concrete layer, and infiltration seam is equipped between the adjacent two road surface module, and the concrete layer is equipped with the plate being conducted with the sand base and stitches, and the infiltration seam is conducted with plate seam;The surface drainage further includes the rain pipe being located at Road Edge, the rain pipe is at least partly connected with the sand base, rainwater enters the plate seam through infiltration seam and enters back into the sand base, at least partly rainwater enters the rain pipe along the sand base, and is discharged from the rain pipe.The surface drainage uses common building materials, and low cost, construction, maintenance are convenient, and intensity is high, can permeate, store and purifying rainwater, widely applicable.

Description

Surface drainage
Technical field
The present invention relates to field of engineering technology, more particularly to surface drainage.
Background technology
Sponge urban construction has been enter into the all-sided implementation, and in the process of construction in sponge city, general porous pavement is adopted Material is seepy material, and the seeping phenomenon of road etc. can be comparatively fast eliminated when raining, can mitigate city when concentrating rainfall The burden of city's pumping equipment, prevents river inundation and water pollution.Currently, the porous pavement material used is mainly with permeable coagulation Based on soil, pervious asphalt, water-permeable brick etc..But these porous pavement materials have the shortcomings that common:To environmental requirement height, it is easy stifled Plug, maintenance is difficult, and involves great expense.
Therefore, it is necessary to a kind of low costs, but can permeate, store and the surface drainage of purifying rainwater is instead of using permeable Ground surface material.
Invention content
Based on this, it is necessary to which, in view of the above-mentioned problems, providing a kind of surface drainage, the surface drainage is using general Logical material, low cost, construction, maintenance are convenient, and intensity is high, can permeate, store and purifying rainwater, widely applicable.
A kind of surface drainage, the surface drainage include that sand base and lamination are layed in the sand base Concrete layer and road surface plate layer;
The road surface plate layer includes multiple road surface modules being layed on the concrete layer, the adjacent two road surface mould Infiltration seam is equipped between block, the concrete layer is equipped with the plate being conducted with the sand base and stitches, the infiltration stitch with it is described Plate seam is conducted;
The surface drainage further includes the rain pipe being located at Road Edge, and the rain pipe and the sand base are at least Partially ON, rainwater enters the plate seam through infiltration seam and enters back into the sand base, and at least partly rainwater is along institute Shu Sha bases enter the rain pipe, and are discharged from the rain pipe.
The surface drainage further includes at least two kerbstones being located at Road Edge in one of the embodiments, The height of the kerbstone is not higher than the height of the road surface plate layer, and drainage channel is formed between adjacent two kerbstone.
In one of the embodiments, the surface drainage further include positioned at the sand base and the rain pipe it Between gutter, the gutter is both turned on the sand base and the rain pipe.
The sand base extends in one of the embodiments, convexes into protrusion at present at Road Edge, the gutter Bottom extend to protrusion.
The gutter is connected with the drainage channel in one of the embodiments,.
Four side of bottom surface of the road surface module is scarf in one of the embodiments,.
The road surface module includes at least one of stone material, preformed bricks in one of the embodiments,.
In one of the embodiments, coarse sand, grain size >=2mm of the coarse sand are filled in the infiltration seam.
Fill graded sand and stone in plate seam in one of the embodiments, the grain size of the graded sand and stone be 2mm~ 15mm。
The grain size for the graded sand and stone that place is connected with sand base for the plate seam in one of the embodiments, is stitched more than plate With the grain size of the graded sand and stone at infiltration seam conducting.
Above-mentioned surface drainage has the following advantages:
1, the surface drainage is equipped with infiltration seam and plate seam, and rainwater, which penetrates into infiltration seam and stitched through plate, penetrates into sand base Layer, the rainwater part in purified Hou Sha bases permeates the ground, and a part flows into gutter by sand base, then passes through rainwater Pipe is discharged into storm sewer system.When amount of rainfall is more than the penetrating power of infiltration seam and plate seam, extra rainwater pathway face diameter Gutter is directly entered by drainage channel after stream, then storm sewer system is discharged by gutter.The surface drainage Have the function of infiltration, storage and purifying rainwater.
2, coarse sand is filled in the infiltration seam of the surface drainage, graded sand and stone is filled in plate seam, graded sand and stone Grain size successively increases from infiltration seam from sand base, and the coarse sand in preventing infiltration from stitching is flowed into rainwater in the gap of sand base.
3, four side of bottom surface of the road surface module of the surface drainage is scarf, the infiltration in composition splayed section Seam can increase the section of infiltration seam, keep the penetrating power that infiltration is stitched stronger.
4, the surface drainage uses common building materials, and construction and maintenance is convenient, low cost.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the sectional schematic diagram of surface drainage of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the floor map of mating formation of surface drainage of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is that the concrete layer of surface drainage of the present invention is mated formation floor map;
Fig. 4 is the schematic cross-section of the road surface module of surface drainage of the present invention.
In figure:1, sand base;2, concrete layer;3, road surface plate layer;4, kerbstone;5, gutter;6, rain pipe;11、 Protrusion;21, plate stitches;31, road surface module;32, infiltration seam;41, drainage channel.
Specific implementation mode
The following is specific embodiments of the present invention, and technical scheme of the present invention will be further described in conjunction with attached drawing, However, the present invention is not limited to these examples.
As shown in Figure 1, surface drainage provided by the invention has low cost, construction, maintenance are convenient, and intensity is high, energy Infiltration, storage and purifying rainwater, it is widely applicable, it can be used in the construction in sponge city.
The surface drainage includes sand base 1 and lamination is layed in concrete layer 2 and road in the sand base 1 Panel block layer 3.In practice of construction, sand base 1 is layed on roadbed.The surface drainage is in sand base 1 and road deck It has been laid with concrete layer 2 between block layer 3, has made the intensity higher of surface drainage.
As shown in Figure 1 to Figure 3, the road surface plate layer 3 includes multiple road surface modules being layed on the concrete layer 2 31, infiltration seam is equipped with by mortar bonding between road surface module 31 and concrete layer 2, between the adjacent two road surface module 31 32.The concrete layer 2 is equipped with the plate seam 21 being conducted with the sand base 1, and the infiltration seam 32 stitches 21 with the plate It is conducted.Also be equipped with rain pipe 6 at the Road Edge of the surface drainage, the rain pipe 6 and the sand base 1 to Small part is connected.Rainwater penetrates into the plate seam 21 through infiltration seam 32, then penetrates into the sand base by plate seam 21 Layer 1, the rainwater part in purified Hou Sha bases 1 permeate the ground, and a part enters the rainwater by the sand base 1 Pipe 6 is expelled to storm sewer system by the rain pipe 6.
Preferably, the surface drainage further includes the gutter between the sand base 1 and the rain pipe 6 5, the gutter 5 is both turned on the sand base 1 and the rain pipe 6.Further, the gutter 5 and the sand base Layer 1 is connected by hole, and hole is arranged in the bottom and side in the gutter 5.Rainwater penetrates into infiltration seam 32 and stitches 21 through plate Sand base 1 is penetrated into, the rainwater part in purified Hou Sha bases 1 permeates the ground, and a part is flowed by sand base 1 passes through row The hole in ditch 5 is discharged into gutter 5, then is discharged into storm sewer system by rain pipe 6.
Preferably, the sand base 1 extends to and convexes into protrusion 11 at Road Edge at present, and the bottom in the gutter 5 is prolonged Extend to protrusion 11.Ensure that the bottom in gutter 5 is less than the contact surface of sand base 1 and roadbed, the rainwater in Shi Sha bases 1 can be more In good infiltration gutter 5, then storm sewer system is discharged by rain pipe 6.Further, due to the bottom in the gutter 5 Portion opens up hole, so that the rainwater in gutter 5 is penetrated into again in the sand base 1 in protrusion 11, then permeate the ground.
The surface drainage further includes at least two kerbstones 4 being located at Road Edge, and the height of the kerbstone 4 is not Higher than the height of the road surface plate layer 3, drainage channel 41, the gutter 5 and institute are formed between adjacent two kerbstone 4 Drainage channel 41 is stated to be also switched on.When amount of rainfall is more than the penetrating power of infiltration seam 32 and plate seam 21, extra rainwater pathway Gutter 5 is directly entered by drainage channel 41 after face diameter stream, then storm sewer system is discharged by gutter 5.
The material of the sand base 1 can be gravel sand, graded broken stone, thick Stone, block stone etc., and laying meets road Design requirement.Coarse sand, grain size >=2mm of the coarse sand are filled in the infiltration seam 32, it is contemplated that the width of infiltration seam 32 And the planarization on road surface, the grain size of coarse sand is more preferably 2mm~4.75mm.Graded sand is filled in the plate seam 21 The grain size of stone, the graded sand and stone is 2mm~15mm, moreover, plate seam 21 and the graded sand and stone at 1 conducting of sand base Grain size is more than the grain size of plate seam 21 and the graded sand and stone at infiltration 32 conductings of seam, that is, the grain of the graded sand and stone in plate seam 21 Diameter lower thick upper thin prevents the coarse sand in infiltration seam 32 from being flowed into rainwater in the gap of sand base 1.
As shown in figure 4, four side of bottom surface of the road surface module 31 is scarf, and after tiling composition road surface plate layer 3, two-phase The infiltration seam 32 that splayed section is formed between adjacent road surface module 31, can increase the section of infiltration seam 32, make infiltration seam 32 Penetrating power is stronger.Preferably, the road surface module includes at least one of stone material, preformed bricks.Stone material and preformed bricks are Common building materials, construction, maintenance are convenient, and total cost is low.
The sequence of construction of the surface drainage is:Subgrade compaction (including roadbed treatment strengthening construction etc.), then exists Sand base 1 is carried out on roadbed to construct, and is laid sand base 1, is then laid rain pipe 6 and gutter 5, then carries out concrete 21 construction of layer 2 and plate seam finally carries out 32 construction of the laying of road surface module 31 and infiltration seam.
Above-mentioned surface drainage has the following advantages:The first, the described surface drainage is equipped with infiltration seam and plate seam, Rainwater, which penetrates into infiltration seam and stitched through plate, penetrates into sand base, and the rainwater part in purified Hou Sha bases permeates the ground, a part Gutter is flowed by sand base, then storm sewer system is discharged by rain pipe.When amount of rainfall is more than that infiltration seam is stitched with plate Penetrating power when, extra rainwater directly enters gutter after pavement runoff by drainage channel, then is arranged by gutter Enter storm sewer system.The surface drainage has the function of infiltration, storage and purifying rainwater.The second, the described road surface drainage The infiltration seam of system is interior to fill coarse sand, graded sand and stone is filled in plate seam, the grain size of graded sand and stone is from permeating from seam from sand base Place successively increases, and the coarse sand in preventing infiltration from stitching is flowed into rainwater in the gap of sand base.Third, the surface drainage Four side of bottom surface of road surface module is scarf, and the infiltration seam in composition splayed section can increase the section of infiltration seam, make infiltration The penetrating power of seam is stronger.4th, the surface drainage uses common building materials, and construction and maintenance is convenient, low cost.
Each technical characteristic of embodiment described above can be combined arbitrarily, to keep description succinct, not to above-mentioned reality It applies all possible combination of each technical characteristic in example to be all described, as long as however, the combination of these technical characteristics is not deposited In contradiction, it is all considered to be the range of this specification record.
Several embodiments of the invention above described embodiment only expresses, the description thereof is more specific and detailed, but simultaneously It cannot therefore be construed as limiting the scope of the patent.It should be pointed out that coming for those of ordinary skill in the art It says, without departing from the inventive concept of the premise, various modifications and improvements can be made, these belong to the protection of the present invention Range.Therefore, the protection domain of patent of the present invention should be determined by the appended claims.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of surface drainage, which is characterized in that the surface drainage includes that sand base and lamination are layed in institute Concrete layer in Shu Sha bases and road surface plate layer;
The road surface plate layer includes multiple road surface modules being layed on the concrete layer, the adjacent two road surface module it Between be equipped with infiltration seam, the concrete layer is equipped with the plate being conducted with the sand base and stitches, the infiltration seam and the plate Seam is conducted;
The surface drainage further includes the rain pipe being located at Road Edge, and the rain pipe and the sand base are at least partly Conducting, rainwater enter the plate seam through infiltration seam and enter back into the sand base, and at least partly rainwater is along the sand Base enters the rain pipe, and is discharged from the rain pipe.
2. surface drainage according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the surface drainage further includes being located at road At least two kerbstones of edge, the height of the kerbstone are not higher than the height of the road surface plate layer, adjacent two tunnel Drainage channel is formed between kerb.
3. surface drainage according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the surface drainage further includes being located at institute Gutter between Shu Sha bases and the rain pipe, the gutter are both turned on the sand base and the rain pipe.
4. surface drainage according to claim 3, which is characterized in that the sand base extends at Road Edge at present Protrusion is convexed into, the bottom in the gutter extends to protrusion.
5. surface drainage according to claim 3, which is characterized in that led with the drainage channel in the gutter It is logical.
6. surface drainage according to claim 1, which is characterized in that four side of bottom surface of the road surface module is beveling Face.
7. surface drainage according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the road surface module includes stone material, preformed bricks At least one of.
8. surface drainage according to claim 1, which is characterized in that coarse sand is filled in the infiltration seam, it is described thick Grain size >=2mm of sand.
9. surface drainage according to claim 1, which is characterized in that fill graded sand and stone, institute in the plate seam The grain size for stating graded sand and stone is 2mm~15mm.
10. surface drainage according to claim 9, which is characterized in that place is connected with sand base in the plate seam The grain size of graded sand and stone is more than the grain size that plate stitches and permeates the graded sand and stone at seam conducting.
CN201810292019.6A 2018-03-30 2018-03-30 Surface drainage Pending CN108411728A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201810292019.6A CN108411728A (en) 2018-03-30 2018-03-30 Surface drainage

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201810292019.6A CN108411728A (en) 2018-03-30 2018-03-30 Surface drainage

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN108411728A true CN108411728A (en) 2018-08-17

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201810292019.6A Pending CN108411728A (en) 2018-03-30 2018-03-30 Surface drainage

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN108411728A (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111593626A (en) * 2020-05-28 2020-08-28 江苏省东台中等专业学校 Water management system of road face brick for sponge city

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111593626A (en) * 2020-05-28 2020-08-28 江苏省东台中等专业学校 Water management system of road face brick for sponge city

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