CN108377757A - A kind of rolling compaction type vegetable seed threshing exclusion device - Google Patents

A kind of rolling compaction type vegetable seed threshing exclusion device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108377757A
CN108377757A CN201810096227.9A CN201810096227A CN108377757A CN 108377757 A CN108377757 A CN 108377757A CN 201810096227 A CN201810096227 A CN 201810096227A CN 108377757 A CN108377757 A CN 108377757A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
box
work box
vegetable seed
rolling compaction
work
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Pending
Application number
CN201810096227.9A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
马骏
Original Assignee
马骏
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Priority to CN201810096227.9A priority Critical patent/CN108377757A/en
Publication of CN108377757A publication Critical patent/CN108377757A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01FPROCESSING OF HARVESTED PRODUCE; HAY OR STRAW PRESSES; DEVICES FOR STORING AGRICULTURAL OR HORTICULTURAL PRODUCE
    • A01F11/00Threshing apparatus specially adapted for maize; Threshing apparatus specially adapted for particular crops other than cereals
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01FPROCESSING OF HARVESTED PRODUCE; HAY OR STRAW PRESSES; DEVICES FOR STORING AGRICULTURAL OR HORTICULTURAL PRODUCE
    • A01F12/00Parts or details of threshing apparatus
    • A01F12/18Threshing devices
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01FPROCESSING OF HARVESTED PRODUCE; HAY OR STRAW PRESSES; DEVICES FOR STORING AGRICULTURAL OR HORTICULTURAL PRODUCE
    • A01F12/00Parts or details of threshing apparatus
    • A01F12/44Grain cleaners; Grain separators
    • A01F12/446Sieving means

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of rolling compaction type vegetable seed threshing exclusion devices, including pedestal and work box, the base top is fixedly installed front and back two first sliding rails, two sliding blocks in left and right are slidably connected on every first sliding rail, the work box is located above sliding block and is fixedly connected with work box base slider by strut;The sieve being fixedly connected with work box side wall is provided in the work box;The base top, which is also fixed by the bracket, is provided with top plate, is fixedly installed electric pushrod at the top of the top plate, electric pushrod push rod bottom end push rod is fixedly connected with U-shaped frame across top plate, and U-shaped frame is rotatably connected to pressure roller by shaft.The present invention is by changing the i.e. adjustable compression roller heights of electric pushrod stroke, and to carry out threshing to different amounts of vegetable seed, second spring plays certain cushioning effect when threshing so that evenly as stress, Threshing is more preferable for vegetable seed.

Description

A kind of rolling compaction type vegetable seed threshing exclusion device
Technical field
The present invention relates to agricultural machinery technological field, specifically a kind of rolling compaction type vegetable seed threshing exclusion device.
Background technology
Rapeseed, also referred to as brassicae chinensis,semen are draft crop in cruciferae, be Chinese major oil crops and nectar source crop it One, seed is one of immersion oil fat raw material principal item processed.Cultivation is divided into two kinds of winter rape and spring rape throughout China.Its kind It plants area and accounts for 40% or more of the Chinese oil crops gross area, yield accounts for 30% or more of Chinese oil plant total output, occupies first place in the world.
When rape harvest, rapeseed is taken out from rape, so as to use of extracting oil;Vegetable seed shines in common agricultural family After dry, vegetable seed threshing is carried out by way of patting or squeezing, Threshing is bad, more wasteful muscle power;And after threshing Impurity is more in vegetable seed, and vegetable seed quality is not high, is unfavorable for extracting oil.
Invention content
The purpose of the present invention is to provide a kind of rolling compaction type vegetable seed threshing exclusion devices, to solve above-mentioned background technology The problem of middle proposition.
To achieve the above object, the present invention provides the following technical solutions:
A kind of rolling compaction type vegetable seed threshing exclusion device, including pedestal and work box, before the base top is fixedly installed Two first sliding rails afterwards, slidably connect two sliding blocks in left and right on every first sliding rail, the work box be located at sliding block top and It is fixedly connected with work box base slider by strut;The sieve being fixedly connected with work box side wall is provided in the work box Net;The base top is further fixedly arranged on decelerating motor, and decelerating motor top motor shaft is fixedly connected with disk, the disk Top left side is fixedly installed axis pin, and axis pin is rotatably connected to connecting rod, and the work box left side wall is also hinged with T-shaped block, described Connecting rod right end is connect by the first spring with T-shaped block left end;The base top, which is also fixed by the bracket, is provided with top plate, described It is fixedly installed electric pushrod at the top of top plate, electric pushrod push rod bottom end push rod is fixedly connected with U-shaped frame, U across top plate Shape frame is rotatably connected to pressure roller by shaft;The work box bottom is in funnel type, and discharging is provided at work box bottom centre Mouthful.
As a further solution of the present invention:The work box bottom is fixedly connected with removal of impurities box, and removal of impurities box is located at work Below case discharge port, removal of impurities cassette bottom portion is provided with discharge port, and the removal of impurities box left and right sidewall is both provided with opening, and opening is fixed It is connected with strainer, the work box bottom is further fixedly arranged on wind turbine, is open on the left of fan outlet face removal of impurities box.
As further scheme of the invention:The work box bottom is also fixedly connected with the second sliding rail, the second sliding rail Slidably connect collection box, collection box is located on the right side of removal of impurities box and be bonded with removal of impurities box, the collection box left side wall offer and The opening of right side strainer connection.
As further scheme of the invention:The collection box bottom opening and it is connected with ventilated net.
As further scheme of the invention:The strut includes between upper and lower two montants and two montants by Two springs connect, and the second spring uses stainless steel compressed spring.
As further scheme of the invention:The pressure roller side wall is evenly distributed with several dome-type boss.
Compared with prior art, the beneficial effects of the invention are as follows:
The present invention is moved left and right by pressure roller rolling compaction cooperating case carries out vegetable seed threshing, and threshing efficiency is high, saves muscle power; By changing the i.e. adjustable compression roller heights of electric pushrod stroke, to carry out threshing to different amounts of vegetable seed, second when threshing Spring plays certain cushioning effect so that evenly as stress, Threshing is more preferable for vegetable seed;It is started building by disk rotational band It is moved left and right as case, works at the same time case and tilted to the left or to the right under the effect of pressure roller downward pressure, meeting when work box tilts Drive vegetable seed double swerve in work box, screening efficiency higher;It is cleaned, is improved to the vegetable seed of blanking by water quality wind turbine Vegetable seed quality, impurity enter in collection box, avoid polluting the environment.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural schematic diagram of rolling compaction type vegetable seed threshing exclusion device.
Fig. 2 is the structural schematic diagram at A in rolling compaction type vegetable seed threshing exclusion device.
Fig. 3 is the partial structural diagram at strut in rolling compaction type vegetable seed threshing exclusion device.
Fig. 4 is that the right side in rolling compaction type vegetable seed threshing exclusion device at collection box regards partial structural diagram.
Fig. 5 is the partial structural diagram at pressure roller in rolling compaction type vegetable seed threshing exclusion device.
In figure:1- pedestals, 2- decelerating motors, 3- disks, 4- axis pins, 5- connecting rods, the first springs of 6-, 7-T shapes block, 8- work Case, 9- sieves, the first sliding rails of 10-, 11- sliding blocks, 12- struts, 13- second springs, 14- wind turbines, 15- removal of impurities box, 16- strainers, The second sliding rails of 17-, 18- collection boxes, 19- ventilated nets, 20- top plates, 21- electric pushrods, 22-U shapes frame, 23- shafts, 24- pressure rollers, 25- dome-type boss.
Specific implementation mode
Following will be combined with the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and technical solution in the embodiment of the present invention carries out clear, complete Site preparation describes, it is clear that described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, instead of all the embodiments.It is based on Embodiment in the present invention, it is obtained by those of ordinary skill in the art without making creative efforts every other Embodiment shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
Please refer to Fig.1~5, in the embodiment of the present invention, a kind of rolling compaction type vegetable seed threshing exclusion device, including pedestal 1 With work box 8,1 top of the pedestal is fixedly installed front and back two first sliding rails 10, is slidably connected on every first sliding rail 10 There are two sliding blocks 11 in left and right, the work box 8 to be located at 11 top of sliding block and fixed by strut 12 and 8 base slider 11 of work box Connection, the strut 12 include being connected by second spring 13 between upper and lower two montants and two montants, the second spring 13 use stainless steel compressed spring;The sieve 9 being fixedly connected with 8 side wall of work box is provided in the work box 8;The pedestal 1 top is further fixedly arranged on decelerating motor 2, and 2 top motor shaft of decelerating motor is fixedly connected with disk 3,3 top left of the disk Side is fixedly installed axis pin 4, and axis pin 4 is rotatably connected to connecting rod 5, and 8 left side wall of the work box is also hinged with T-shaped block 7, the company 5 right end of bar is connect by the first spring 6 with 7 left end of T-shaped block;4 circular motion of axis pin is driven when disk 3 rotates, to which band is started building Make case 8 to move left and right, drives the vegetable seed of threshing to be shaken in work box 8 when work box 8 moves left and right, screened, vegetable seed Grain is fallen with partial impurities by 9 sieve pore of sieve;1 top of the pedestal, which is also fixed by the bracket, is provided with top plate 20, the top 20 top of plate is fixedly installed electric pushrod 21, and 21 push rod bottom end push rod of the electric pushrod is fixedly connected with U across top plate 20 Shape frame 22, U-shaped frame 22 are rotatably connected to pressure roller 24 by shaft 23, are extended by controlling 21 push rods so that pressure roller 24 declines, i.e., Vegetable seed crop can be carried out rolling threshing, cooperating case 8 moves left and right so that 24 rolling compaction of pressure roller, threshing efficiency are high;Institute It states 24 side wall of pressure roller and is evenly distributed with several dome-type boss 25, Threshing is more preferable;By changing 21 stroke of electric pushrod I.e. adjustable 24 height of pressure roller, it is convenient that different amounts of vegetable seed is carried out to roll threshing;When 21 push rod of electric pushrod extends, pressure roller The pressure of 24 pairs of sieves 9 increases so that second spring 13 is compressed, and work box 8 is whole to be tilted to the left or to the right, at this time the first bullet Certain deformation occurs for spring 6, so that grinding case 8 can move left and right when disk 3 rotates;It can band when work box 8 tilts Dynamic vegetable seed double swerve in work box 8, improves screening effect;8 bottom of the work box is in funnel type, in 8 bottom of work box Discharge port is provided at the heart;8 bottom of the work box is fixedly connected with removal of impurities box 15, and removal of impurities box 15 is located at 8 discharge port of work box Lower section, 15 bottom of removal of impurities box are provided with discharge port, and 15 left and right sidewall of removal of impurities box is both provided with opening, and opening is fixedly connected There are strainer 16,8 bottom of the work box to be also fixedly connected with the second sliding rail 17, the second sliding rail 17 slidably connects collection box 18, Collection box 18 is located at removal of impurities box 15 right side and is bonded with removal of impurities box 15,18 bottom opening of the collection box and is connected with ventilated net 19,18 left side wall of the collection box offers the opening being connected to right side strainer 16;8 bottom of the work box is further fixedly arranged on Wind turbine 14,14 air outlet face of wind turbine removal of impurities box, 15 left side opening, is dried to the right by wind turbine 14 and enters removal of impurities box 15 to blanking Interior vegetable seed cleans so that dust and crushing straw for being mixed in vegetable seed etc. enter in collection box 18, improve vegetable seed quality;Add Collection box 18 is skidded off to the right after the completion of work, you can impurity is toppled over into discharging.
It is obvious to a person skilled in the art that invention is not limited to the details of the above exemplary embodiments, Er Qie In the case of without departing substantially from spirit or essential attributes of the invention, the present invention can be realized in other specific forms.Therefore, no matter From the point of view of which point, the present embodiments are to be considered as illustrative and not restrictive, and the scope of the present invention is by appended power Profit requires rather than above description limits, it is intended that all by what is fallen within the meaning and scope of the equivalent requirements of the claims Variation is included within the present invention.Any reference signs in the claims should not be construed as limiting the involved claims.
In addition, it should be understood that although this specification is described in terms of embodiments, but not each embodiment is only wrapped Containing an independent technical solution, this description of the specification is merely for the sake of clarity, and those skilled in the art should It considers the specification as a whole, the technical solutions in the various embodiments may also be suitably combined, forms those skilled in the art The other embodiment being appreciated that.

Claims (6)

1. a kind of rolling compaction type vegetable seed threshing exclusion device, including pedestal(1)And work box(8), which is characterized in that the bottom Seat(1)Top is fixedly installed front and back two first sliding rails(10), every first sliding rail(10)On slidably connect left and right two Sliding block(11), the work box(8)Positioned at sliding block(11)Top and pass through strut(12)With work box(8)Base slider(11)Gu Fixed connection;The work box(8)It is inside provided with and work box(8)The sieve that side wall is fixedly connected(9);The pedestal(1)Top It is further fixedly arranged on decelerating motor(2), decelerating motor(2)Top motor shaft is fixedly connected with disk(3), the disk(3)Top It is fixedly installed axis pin on the left of portion(4), axis pin(4)It is rotatably connected to connecting rod(5), the work box(8)Left side wall is also hinged with T Shape block(7), the connecting rod(5)Right end passes through the first spring(6)With T-shaped block(7)Left end connects;The pedestal(1)Top is also logical It crosses holder and is fixedly installed top plate(20), the top plate(20)Top is fixedly installed electric pushrod(21), the electric pushrod (21)Push rod bottom end push rod passes through top plate(20)It is fixedly connected with U-shaped frame(22), U-shaped frame(22)Pass through shaft(23)Rotation connection There is pressure roller(24);The work box(8)Bottom is in funnel type, work box(8)Discharge port is provided at bottom centre.
2. rolling compaction type vegetable seed threshing exclusion device according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the work box(8) Bottom is fixedly connected with removal of impurities box(15), clean box(15)Positioned at work box(8)Below discharge port, clean box(15)Bottom is arranged There are discharge port, the removal of impurities box(15)Left and right sidewall is both provided with opening, and opening is fixedly connected with strainer(16), the work Case(8)Bottom is further fixedly arranged on wind turbine(14), wind turbine(14)Air outlet face removal of impurities box(15)Left side is open.
3. rolling compaction type vegetable seed threshing exclusion device according to claim 2, which is characterized in that the work box(8) Bottom is also fixedly connected with the second sliding rail(17), the second sliding rail(17)Slidably connect collection box(18), collection box(18)It is located at Clean box(15)Right side and with removal of impurities box(15)Fitting, the collection box(18)Left side wall offers and right side strainer(16)Connection Opening.
4. rolling compaction type vegetable seed threshing exclusion device according to claim 3, which is characterized in that the collection box(18) Bottom opening and it is connected with ventilated net(19).
5. rolling compaction type vegetable seed threshing exclusion device according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the strut(12)Packet It includes and passes through second spring between two montants and two montants up and down(13)Connection, the second spring(13)Using stainless steel pressure Contracting spring.
6. rolling compaction type vegetable seed threshing exclusion device according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the pressure roller(24)Side Wall is evenly distributed with several dome-type boss(25).
CN201810096227.9A 2018-01-31 2018-01-31 A kind of rolling compaction type vegetable seed threshing exclusion device Pending CN108377757A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201810096227.9A CN108377757A (en) 2018-01-31 2018-01-31 A kind of rolling compaction type vegetable seed threshing exclusion device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201810096227.9A CN108377757A (en) 2018-01-31 2018-01-31 A kind of rolling compaction type vegetable seed threshing exclusion device

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN108377757A true CN108377757A (en) 2018-08-10

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CN201810096227.9A Pending CN108377757A (en) 2018-01-31 2018-01-31 A kind of rolling compaction type vegetable seed threshing exclusion device

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111642246A (en) * 2020-06-04 2020-09-11 淮北辰威科技有限公司 Rapeseed stripping device
CN112136510A (en) * 2020-09-30 2020-12-29 湖南省展望生物科技发展有限公司 Threshing and screening integrated machine for rape processing and use method thereof

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CN104838818A (en) * 2015-04-24 2015-08-19 洛阳理工学院 Pressing threshing and separating device for wheat
CN105103804A (en) * 2015-09-11 2015-12-02 姜超 Unhusked rice threshing machine
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CN107006644A (en) * 2017-05-25 2017-08-04 合肥智慧殿投资管理有限公司 A kind of tea rolling device with broken leaf filtering function
CN107238273A (en) * 2017-07-27 2017-10-10 乐陵市鑫地园金银花种植专业合作社 Agricultural grain drying device
CN107484503A (en) * 2017-09-18 2017-12-19 郑州味觉信息技术有限公司 A kind of grain separator with efficient impurity removal function
CN208016391U (en) * 2018-01-31 2018-10-30 中宁县智才技术服务有限公司 A kind of rolling compaction type vegetable seed threshing exclusion device

Patent Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN203695388U (en) * 2013-12-27 2014-07-09 东莞市海天磁业有限公司 Vibrating screen
CN104838818A (en) * 2015-04-24 2015-08-19 洛阳理工学院 Pressing threshing and separating device for wheat
CN105103804A (en) * 2015-09-11 2015-12-02 姜超 Unhusked rice threshing machine
CN105214799A (en) * 2015-09-25 2016-01-06 天津市欣跃涂料有限公司 A kind of equipment pulverized for coating
CN107006644A (en) * 2017-05-25 2017-08-04 合肥智慧殿投资管理有限公司 A kind of tea rolling device with broken leaf filtering function
CN107238273A (en) * 2017-07-27 2017-10-10 乐陵市鑫地园金银花种植专业合作社 Agricultural grain drying device
CN107484503A (en) * 2017-09-18 2017-12-19 郑州味觉信息技术有限公司 A kind of grain separator with efficient impurity removal function
CN208016391U (en) * 2018-01-31 2018-10-30 中宁县智才技术服务有限公司 A kind of rolling compaction type vegetable seed threshing exclusion device

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111642246A (en) * 2020-06-04 2020-09-11 淮北辰威科技有限公司 Rapeseed stripping device
CN112136510A (en) * 2020-09-30 2020-12-29 湖南省展望生物科技发展有限公司 Threshing and screening integrated machine for rape processing and use method thereof
CN112136510B (en) * 2020-09-30 2022-02-08 湖南省展望生物科技发展有限公司 Threshing and screening integrated machine for rape processing and use method thereof

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Application publication date: 20180810

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