CN108340863A - A kind of bumper with multiplex buffer gear - Google Patents

A kind of bumper with multiplex buffer gear Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108340863A
CN108340863A CN201810216941.7A CN201810216941A CN108340863A CN 108340863 A CN108340863 A CN 108340863A CN 201810216941 A CN201810216941 A CN 201810216941A CN 108340863 A CN108340863 A CN 108340863A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
spring
energy
bumper
rod
fixed block
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Withdrawn
Application number
CN201810216941.7A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
罗必锋
Original Assignee
罗必锋
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 罗必锋 filed Critical 罗必锋
Priority to CN201810216941.7A priority Critical patent/CN108340863A/en
Publication of CN108340863A publication Critical patent/CN108340863A/en
Withdrawn legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60RVEHICLES, VEHICLE FITTINGS, OR VEHICLE PARTS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B60R19/00Wheel guards; Radiator guards, e.g. grilles; Obstruction removers; Fittings damping bouncing force in collisions
    • B60R19/02Bumpers, i.e. impact receiving or absorbing members for protecting vehicles or fending off blows from other vehicles or objects
    • B60R19/18Bumpers, i.e. impact receiving or absorbing members for protecting vehicles or fending off blows from other vehicles or objects characterised by the cross-section; Means within the bumper to absorb impact
    • B60R19/20Bumpers, i.e. impact receiving or absorbing members for protecting vehicles or fending off blows from other vehicles or objects characterised by the cross-section; Means within the bumper to absorb impact containing mainly gas or liquid, e.g. inflatable
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60RVEHICLES, VEHICLE FITTINGS, OR VEHICLE PARTS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B60R19/00Wheel guards; Radiator guards, e.g. grilles; Obstruction removers; Fittings damping bouncing force in collisions
    • B60R19/02Bumpers, i.e. impact receiving or absorbing members for protecting vehicles or fending off blows from other vehicles or objects
    • B60R19/24Arrangements for mounting bumpers on vehicles
    • B60R19/26Arrangements for mounting bumpers on vehicles comprising yieldable mounting means
    • B60R19/28Metallic springs
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60RVEHICLES, VEHICLE FITTINGS, OR VEHICLE PARTS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B60R19/00Wheel guards; Radiator guards, e.g. grilles; Obstruction removers; Fittings damping bouncing force in collisions
    • B60R19/02Bumpers, i.e. impact receiving or absorbing members for protecting vehicles or fending off blows from other vehicles or objects
    • B60R19/24Arrangements for mounting bumpers on vehicles
    • B60R19/26Arrangements for mounting bumpers on vehicles comprising yieldable mounting means
    • B60R19/34Arrangements for mounting bumpers on vehicles comprising yieldable mounting means destroyed upon impact, e.g. one-shot type

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of bumpers with multiplex buffer gear,Including vehicle frame,Bumper,Left connecting rod,Right connecting rod and energy-absorption box,It is fixedly connected with fixed block on the front end cross beam of vehicle frame,The left and right sides of fixed block is equipped with left slider,Right sliding block,Left spring is equipped between left slider and fixed block,Right spring is equipped between fixed block and right sliding block,Left connecting rod is hinged on left slider,The upper surface of right sliding block is hinged with right connecting rod,Left connecting rod,The other end of right connecting rod is hinged with bumper respectively,Energy-absorption box is fixedly connected on fixed block,Energy-absorption box is internally provided with energy-absorbing plate,The energy that a part is hit is absorbed using damping spring,Play certain cushioning effect,Compress left spring simultaneously,Right spring,Utilize left spring,Right spring further functions as the effect of buffering,When impact force is spent it is big when,The energy largely hit is sponged using energy-absorbing plate,Protect vehicle and driver,Pedestrian is protected using air bag,Reduce collision injury caused by pedestrian.

Description

A kind of bumper with multiplex buffer gear
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of auto parts and components field, specifically a kind of bumper with multiplex buffer gear.
Background technology
Bumper is the safety device for absorbing and slowing down foreign impacts power, protect vehicle body front and rear part.Many years before Automobile front/rear collision bumper is riveted or is welded together with longitudinal beam, with auto industry at channel steel with steel plate punched Develop the extensive application in auto industry with engineering plastics, bumper has also moved towards leather as a kind of important safety device New road, the car front/rear collision bumper of today other than keeping original defencive function, also to pursue it is with car body moulding and It is humorous that the lightweight of pursuit itself, existing bumper is relatively simple, and damping, buffering effect is not ideal enough with uniformly, and It is limited to the protecting effect of pedestrian in collision process.
Invention content
The purpose of the present invention is to provide a kind of bumpers with multiplex buffer gear, to solve above-mentioned background skill The problem of being proposed in art.
To achieve the above object, the present invention provides the following technical solutions:
A kind of bumper with multiplex buffer gear, including vehicle frame, bumper, left connecting rod, right connecting rod and energy-absorption box, institute It states and is fixedly connected with fixed block on the front end cross beam of vehicle frame, the left and right sides of fixed block is equipped with left slider, right sliding block, left slider, Right sliding block is set on vehicle frame, and left slider, right sliding block are slidably connected with vehicle frame respectively, and left bullet is equipped between left slider and fixed block Spring, left spring are set on crossbeam, and the left and right ends of left spring are abutted with left slider, fixed block respectively, fixed block and right sliding block Between be equipped with right spring, right spring is set on crossbeam, and the left and right ends of right spring are abutted with fixed block, right spring respectively, a left side Be hinged with left connecting rod on sliding block, the upper surface of right sliding block is hinged with right connecting rod, left connecting rod, right connecting rod the other end respectively with insurance Thick stick is hinged, energy-absorption box is fixedly connected on fixed block, energy-absorption box is internally provided with energy-absorbing plate.
As a further solution of the present invention:The energy-absorbing plate is made of brittleness energy-absorbing material.
As further scheme of the invention:Damping spring, damping spring are equipped between the bumper and energy-absorption box Both ends be fixedly connected respectively with bumper, energy-absorption box.
As further scheme of the invention:The outer surface of the bumper is enclosed with air bag.
As further scheme of the invention:Inflating port, inflating port and gas are installed on the madial wall of the bumper Capsule is connected to, and is equipped with valve on inflating port, inflator pump is fixedly connected on the madial wall of bumper, the gas vent of inflator pump passes through Hose is connected to inflating port.
Compared with prior art, the beneficial effects of the invention are as follows:When colliding, a part is absorbed using damping spring The energy of shock plays certain cushioning effect, while compressing left spring, right spring, is further served as using left spring, right spring To the effect of buffering, when impact force is spent it is big when, the energy largely hit is sponged using energy-absorbing plate, protects vehicle and driving Member protects pedestrian using air bag, reduces collision injury caused by pedestrian.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural schematic diagram of the bumper with multiplex buffer gear;
Fig. 2 is what structural schematic diagram in the bumper with multiplex buffer gear.
In figure:1- vehicle frames;2- fixed blocks;3- left sliders;The right sliding blocks of 4-;5- left springs;The right springs of 6-;7- bumpers;8- Left connecting rod;9- right connecting rods;10- energy-absorption boxes;11- energy-absorbing plates;12- damping springs;13- air bags;14- inflating ports;15- inflator pumps.
Specific implementation mode
Following will be combined with the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and technical solution in the embodiment of the present invention carries out clear, complete Site preparation describes, it is clear that described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, instead of all the embodiments.It is based on Embodiment in the present invention, it is obtained by those of ordinary skill in the art without making creative efforts every other Embodiment shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
Please refer to Fig.1,2, in the embodiment of the present invention, a kind of bumper with multiplex buffer gear, including vehicle frame 1, bumper 7, left connecting rod 8, right connecting rod 9 and energy-absorption box 10 are fixedly connected with fixed block 2, fixed block on the front end cross beam of vehicle frame 1 2 left and right sides is equipped with left slider 3, right sliding block 4, and left slider 3, right sliding block 4 are set on vehicle frame 1, and left slider 3, right sliding block 4 divide It is not slidably connected with vehicle frame 1, left spring 5 is equipped between left slider 3 and fixed block 2, left spring 5 is set on crossbeam, left spring 5 Left and right ends abutted respectively with left slider 3, fixed block 2, between fixed block 2 and right sliding block 4 be equipped with right spring 6,6 sets of right spring It being located on crossbeam, the left and right ends of right spring 6 are abutted with fixed block 2, right spring 6 respectively, and left connecting rod 8 is hinged on left slider 3, The upper surface of right sliding block 4 is hinged with right connecting rod 9, and left connecting rod 8, the other end of right connecting rod 9 are hinged with bumper 7 respectively, fixed block 2 On be fixedly connected with energy-absorption box 10, energy-absorption box 10 is internally provided with energy-absorbing plate 11, and energy-absorbing plate 11 is made of brittleness energy-absorbing material, protect Damping spring 12 is equipped between dangerous thick stick 7 and energy-absorption box 10, the both ends of damping spring 12 are fixed with bumper 7, energy-absorption box 10 respectively Connection, when bumper 7 is hit, compression shock absorption spring 12 plays certain cushioning effect using damping spring 12, while left Connecting rod 8, right connecting rod 9 deflect, and left slider 3, right sliding block 4 is driven to be moved simultaneously to fixed block 2, compression left spring 5, right spring 6, the effect of buffering is further functioned as using left spring 5, right spring 6, when impact force is spent it is big when, 10 shape of energy-absorption box changes Becoming, energy-absorbing plate 11 generates plastic deformation, and the energy largely hit is sponged using energy-absorbing plate 11, protects vehicle and driver, The outer surface of bumper 7 is enclosed with air bag 13, and inflating port 14, inflating port 14 and air bag 13 are equipped on the madial wall of bumper 7 It is connected to, valve is installed on inflating port 14, inflator pump 15, the exhaust of inflator pump 15 are fixedly connected on the madial wall of bumper 7 Hole is connected to by hose with inflating port 14, is inflated into air bag 13 using inflator pump 15, when with pedestrian collision, is utilized gas Capsule 13 protects pedestrian, reduces collision injury caused by pedestrian.
The present invention operation principle be:When colliding, 7 compression shock absorption spring 12 of bumper utilizes damping spring 12 The energy that a part is hit is absorbed, plays certain cushioning effect, while left connecting rod 8, right connecting rod 9 deflect, and drive left cunning Block 3, right sliding block 4 are moved to fixed block 2 simultaneously, and compression left spring 5, right spring 6 are further served as using left spring 5, right spring 6 To the effect of buffering, when impact force is spent it is big when, 10 shape of energy-absorption box changes, and energy-absorbing plate 11 generates plastic deformation, utilizes Energy-absorbing plate 11 sponges the energy largely hit, protects vehicle and driver, and the inflation of air bag 13 is given using inflator pump 15, when with When pedestrian collision, pedestrian is protected using air bag 13, reduces collision injury caused by pedestrian.
It should be strongly noted that energy-absorption box, the application that energy-absorbing plate is the prior art, left connecting rod, right connecting rod in the application It is matched respectively with left slider, right sliding block, plays the role of buffering using left spring, right spring, and utilize air bag protection row The innovative point of artificial the application, efficiently solves that existing bumper cushion performance is relatively low, is unable to asking for effective protection pedestrian Topic.
It is obvious to a person skilled in the art that invention is not limited to the details of the above exemplary embodiments, Er Qie In the case of without departing substantially from spirit or essential attributes of the invention, the present invention can be realized in other specific forms.Therefore, no matter From the point of view of which point, the present embodiments are to be considered as illustrative and not restrictive, and the scope of the present invention is by appended power Profit requires rather than above description limits, it is intended that all by what is fallen within the meaning and scope of the equivalent requirements of the claims Variation is included within the present invention.Any reference signs in the claims should not be construed as limiting the involved claims.
In addition, it should be understood that although this specification is described in terms of embodiments, but not each embodiment is only wrapped Containing an independent technical solution, this description of the specification is merely for the sake of clarity, and those skilled in the art should It considers the specification as a whole, the technical solutions in the various embodiments may also be suitably combined, forms those skilled in the art The other embodiment being appreciated that.

Claims (5)

1. a kind of bumper with multiplex buffer gear, including vehicle frame(1), bumper(7), left connecting rod(8), right connecting rod (9)And energy-absorption box(10), which is characterized in that the vehicle frame(1)Front end cross beam on be fixedly connected with fixed block(2), fixed block (2)The left and right sides be equipped with left slider(3), right sliding block(4), left slider(3), right sliding block(4)It is set in vehicle frame(1)On, left cunning Block(3), right sliding block(4)Respectively with vehicle frame(1)It is slidably connected, left slider(3)With fixed block(2)Between be equipped with left spring(5), left Spring(5)It is set on crossbeam, left spring(5)Left and right ends respectively with left slider(3), fixed block(2)It abuts, fixed block (2)With right sliding block(4)Between be equipped with right spring(6), right spring(6)It is set on crossbeam, right spring(6)Left and right ends difference With fixed block(2), right spring(6)It abuts, left slider(3)On be hinged with left connecting rod(8), right sliding block(4)Upper surface be hinged with Right connecting rod(9), left connecting rod(8), right connecting rod(9)The other end respectively with bumper(7)It is hinged, fixed block(2)On be fixedly connected There is energy-absorption box(10), energy-absorption box(10)Be internally provided with energy-absorbing plate(11).
2. the bumper according to claim 1 with multiplex buffer gear, which is characterized in that the energy-absorbing plate (11)It is made of brittleness energy-absorbing material.
3. the bumper according to claim 1 with multiplex buffer gear, which is characterized in that the bumper (7)With energy-absorption box(10)Between be equipped with damping spring(12), damping spring(12)Both ends respectively with bumper(7), energy-absorption box (10)It is fixedly connected.
4. the bumper according to claim 1 with multiplex buffer gear, which is characterized in that the bumper (7)Outer surface be enclosed with air bag(13).
5. the bumper according to claim 4 with multiplex buffer gear, which is characterized in that the bumper (7)Madial wall on inflating port is installed(14), inflating port(14)With air bag(13)Connection, inflating port(14)On valve is installed Door, bumper(7)Madial wall on be fixedly connected with inflator pump(15), inflator pump(15)Gas vent pass through hose and inflating port (14)Connection.
CN201810216941.7A 2018-03-16 2018-03-16 A kind of bumper with multiplex buffer gear Withdrawn CN108340863A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201810216941.7A CN108340863A (en) 2018-03-16 2018-03-16 A kind of bumper with multiplex buffer gear

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201810216941.7A CN108340863A (en) 2018-03-16 2018-03-16 A kind of bumper with multiplex buffer gear

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN108340863A true CN108340863A (en) 2018-07-31

Family

ID=62956687

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201810216941.7A Withdrawn CN108340863A (en) 2018-03-16 2018-03-16 A kind of bumper with multiplex buffer gear

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN108340863A (en)

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110980155A (en) * 2019-11-27 2020-04-10 宁波铂汉科技有限公司 Mechanical anti-collision device
CN112590727A (en) * 2020-12-18 2021-04-02 南京信息职业技术学院 Speed reducer for unmanned vehicle

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110980155A (en) * 2019-11-27 2020-04-10 宁波铂汉科技有限公司 Mechanical anti-collision device
CN110980155B (en) * 2019-11-27 2021-07-09 宁波铂汉科技有限公司 Mechanical anti-collision device
CN112590727A (en) * 2020-12-18 2021-04-02 南京信息职业技术学院 Speed reducer for unmanned vehicle

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Application publication date: 20180731

WW01 Invention patent application withdrawn after publication