CN108275451A - For automatically for the device of discharging - Google Patents

For automatically for the device of discharging Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108275451A
CN108275451A CN201810010013.5A CN201810010013A CN108275451A CN 108275451 A CN108275451 A CN 108275451A CN 201810010013 A CN201810010013 A CN 201810010013A CN 108275451 A CN108275451 A CN 108275451A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
workpiece
discharge roller
discharge port
discharging
outer framework
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
CN201810010013.5A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN108275451B (en
Inventor
五间言和彦
闫玉涛
尹春梅
杨柳
王虎
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BEIJING TATA TONGCHUANG INDUSTRY AND TRADE Co Ltd
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BEIJING TATA TONGCHUANG INDUSTRY AND TRADE Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201810010013.5A priority Critical patent/CN108275451B/en
Publication of CN108275451A publication Critical patent/CN108275451A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN108275451B publication Critical patent/CN108275451B/en
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G47/00Article or material-handling devices associated with conveyors; Methods employing such devices
    • B65G47/74Feeding, transfer, or discharging devices of particular kinds or types
    • B65G47/82Rotary or reciprocating members for direct action on articles or materials, e.g. pushers, rakes, shovels

Abstract

The present invention provides for for the device of discharging, belonging to material transfer equipment field automatically.Device includes:Feed mechanism, feed mechanism include a discharge port;Moveable stock mechanism, stock mechanism is moved close to or far from feed mechanism, stock mechanism includes that can carry the substrate of workpiece.Provided by the present invention for using split-type design for the feed mechanism of the device of discharging and stock mechanism automatically, stock mechanism convenient can carry out feed supplement far from feed mechanism and moved into again close to feed mechanism after feed supplement is completed, to supply the workpiece that conveying fills into again, easy to operate, feed supplement conveniently, greatly accelerates the feed efficiency automatically for device for discharging;Also, due to stock up mechanism and feed mechanism separate design, stock mechanism can make it is multiple stocked up in turn, be greatly saved feed the stand-by period, achieve the purpose that raising production efficiency.

Description

For automatically for the device of discharging
Technical field
The present invention relates to material transfer equipment fields, more particularly to for automatically for the device of discharging.
Background technology
Currently, the feeder apparatus of conventional automatic production line, it is mostly to use to supply the storage warehouse of workpiece and discharge port Integrated design either other inseparable structure designs, therefore, the type feeder apparatus generally can only be with fixed supply Mode operation, comparatively laborious to the feed operation of workpiece when piece count is insufficient, supply cannot be met the requirements, operation is constant, Affect the feed efficiency of feeder apparatus.
Invention content
The present invention provides a kind of for automatically for the device of discharging, it is intended to solve the workpiece feed operation of feeder apparatus not Just the problem of.In order to the embodiment to disclosure some aspects there are one basic understanding, simple summary is shown below.It should Summarized section is not extensive overview, nor to determine key/critical component or describe the protection domain of these embodiments. Its sole purpose is that some concepts are presented with simple form, in this, as the preamble of following detailed description.
According to the first aspect of the invention, it provides for automatically for the device of discharging, including:Feed mechanism, feeding Mechanism includes a discharge port;Moveable stock mechanism, stock mechanism are moved close to or far from feed mechanism, stock mechanism packets The substrate of workpiece can be carried by including.
It is described for further including for the device of discharging automatically in a kind of optional embodiment:Outer framework, stock up mechanism It is moveable into or leaves outer framework, discharge port is set to outer framework;With, pusher, the controllable push substrate of pusher The workpiece of carrying is to discharge port;Wherein, pusher is set in stock mechanism, or, on outer framework.
In a kind of optional embodiment, the feed mechanism is equipped with the first axle turnable discharge roller and the second discharging Roller, the first discharge roller and the second discharge roller are horizontally placed in same vertical plane, and the two sandwiched forms discharge port.
In a kind of optional embodiment, the feed mechanism is additionally provided with discharging device for exerting, and discharging device for exerting drives Dynamic first discharge roller is moved toward or away from the second discharge roller;Alternatively, discharging device for exerting driving the first discharge roller and second goes out Expect that roller is opposite or back movement.
In a kind of optional embodiment, the feed mechanism is additionally provided with discharging driving device, discharging driving device with At least one drive connection of first discharge roller and the second discharge roller, to drive at least the one of the first discharge roller and the second discharge roller A carry out shaft rotation.
In a kind of optional embodiment, the roll body of first discharge roller and the second discharge roller is by more piece roll segment group At.
It is described for further including for the device of discharging automatically in a kind of optional embodiment:Set on discharge port into Expect that the anti-overlapping structure of side, the workpiece of base plate carrying are delivered to discharge port via anti-overlapping mechanism.
In a kind of optional embodiment, second discharge roller is located at the lower section of the first discharge roller;Anti-overlapping mechanism Including:The vertical baffle for being fixed on outer framework, and, towards the horizontally disposed tablet of discharge port, the upper face height of tablet is slightly lower In the upper edge of baffle, and the upper edge of baffle and the tangent line of the upper roll surface of the second discharge roller are substantially concordant.
It is described for further including for the device of discharging automatically in a kind of optional embodiment:Sticking up on tablet The sliding slot platform of harden structure, wraping plate pass through the adjustable angle upwarped of lifters adjacent to the side of discharge port.
It is described for further including for the device of discharging automatically in a kind of optional embodiment:In the peripheral side of substrate Equipped with the elevating mechanism that drive substrate is lifted within the scope of setting height so that the workpiece of the stacking top layer of substrate with go out The height of material mouth is concordant;Pusher push stacks the workpiece of top layer to discharge port.
In a kind of optional embodiment, the elevating mechanism includes:One or more is vertically set to outer framework Leading screw, leading screw is located at the peripheral side of substrate;One or more is fixed on substrate and guide pad corresponding with lead screw position, each Guide pad has the tapped through hole that corresponding leading screw constitutes screw thread socket cooperation;Lifting drive, with one or more Leading screw is drivingly connected, to drive leading screw to carry out shaft rotation.
In a kind of optional embodiment, the outer framework further includes the cunning along the direction elongation moulding backwards to discharge port Rail;Base plate bottom is provided with multiple pulleys, substrate being slidably matched by multiple pulleys and sliding rail, into and out outline border Frame.
In a kind of optional embodiment, the outer framework is additionally provided with the guide plate positioned at substrate both sides, to limit work Part under the push effect of pusher, towards the direction of discharge port move by edge.
In a kind of optional embodiment, the traversing component that can transversely move horizontally is additionally provided on the outer framework, Traversing component is connect with the guide plate of at least side, to drive the guide plate transverse horizontal of at least side to move.
In a kind of optional embodiment, pusher includes pushing up supply gas cylinder and push corresponding with the height of discharge port Bar, push rod push workpiece to discharge port under the driving for pushing up cylinder of supplying gas.
In a kind of optional embodiment, push rod is leading screw or piston rod.
It is provided in an embodiment of the present invention to be used for automatically for the feed mechanism of the device of discharging and stock mechanism using split type Design, stock mechanism convenient can carry out feed supplement far from feed mechanism and moved into again close to feeder after feed supplement is completed Structure, to supply the workpiece that conveying fills into again, easy to operate, feed supplement conveniently, greatly accelerates the feed automatically for device for discharging Efficiency;;Also, due to stock up mechanism and feed mechanism separate design, stock mechanism can make it is multiple stocked up in turn, The feed stand-by period is greatly saved, achievees the purpose that improve production efficiency.
It should be understood that above general description and following detailed description is only exemplary and explanatory, not It can the limitation present invention.
Description of the drawings
The drawings herein are incorporated into the specification and forms part of this specification, and shows the implementation for meeting the present invention Example, and be used to explain the principle of the present invention together with specification.
Fig. 1 is that the present invention shown by an exemplary embodiment is used to show for the overall structure of the device of discharging automatically It is intended to;
Fig. 2 is that the present invention shown by an exemplary embodiment is used to illustrate for the outer framework of the device of discharging automatically Figure;
Fig. 3 is that the present invention shown by an exemplary embodiment is used for automatically for the partial structural diagram of discharging One;
Fig. 4 is that the present invention shown by an exemplary embodiment is used for automatically for the partial structural diagram of discharging Two;
Fig. 5 is that the present invention shown by an exemplary embodiment is used to illustrate for the local side of the device of discharging Figure;
Fig. 6 is that the present invention shown by an exemplary embodiment is used for automatically for the partial structural diagram of discharging Three;
Fig. 7 is that the present invention shown by an exemplary embodiment is used for automatically for the partial structural diagram of discharging Four;
Reference sign,
1, feed mechanism;12, discharge port;121, the first discharge roller;122, the second discharge roller;13, discharge device for exerting; 14, discharge driving device;
2, stock up mechanism;21, substrate;
3, outer framework;
4, anti-overlapping mechanism;41, baffle;42, tablet;43, sliding slot platform;
51, leading screw;52, guide pad;
61, sliding rail;62, pulley;
71, guide plate;72, traversing component;721, cross bar;722, transverse arm;723, linking arm;
81, cylinder of supplying gas is pushed up;82, push rod;
9, workpiece.
Specific implementation mode
The following description and drawings fully show specific embodiments of the present invention, to enable those skilled in the art to Put into practice them.Other embodiments may include structure, logic, it is electrical, process and other change.Embodiment Only represent possible variation.Unless explicitly requested, otherwise individual components and functionality is optional, and the sequence operated can be with Variation.The part of some embodiments and feature can be included in or replace part and the feature of other embodiments.This hair The range of bright embodiment includes equivalent obtained by the entire scope of claims and all of claims Object.Herein, each embodiment individually or can be indicated generally with term " invention ", and it is convenient that this is used for the purpose of, And if in fact disclosing the invention more than one, it is not meant to automatically limit ranging from any single invention of the application Or inventive concept.Herein, relational terms such as first and second and the like be used only for by an entity or operation with Another entity or operation distinguish, and without requiring or implying, there are any actual relationships between these entities or operation Or sequence.Moreover, the terms "include", "comprise" or any other variant thereof is intended to cover non-exclusive inclusion, to So that the process, method or equipment that include a series of elements include not only those elements, but also include being not explicitly listed Other element, or further include for this process, method or the intrinsic element of equipment.In the feelings not limited more Under condition, the element that is limited by sentence "including a ...", it is not excluded that in process, method or equipment including the element In there is also other identical elements.Each embodiment herein is described by the way of progressive, and each embodiment stresses Be all difference from other examples, just to refer each other for identical similar portion between each embodiment.For implementing For method, product etc. disclosed in example, since it is corresponding with method part disclosed in embodiment, so the comparison of description is simple Single, reference may be made to the description of the method.
Fig. 1 is of the invention automatically for the overall structure diagram of device for discharging shown by an exemplary embodiment.
In conjunction with shown in Fig. 1~Fig. 7, the present invention provides a kind of for automatically for the device of discharging, which to include feeding Mechanism 1 and stock mechanism 2, wherein stock mechanism 2 can be used for storing, carry workpiece 9 or material to be conveyed, and feeding structure is then Device be can be used as by workpiece 9 or material from the path that stock mechanism 2 is conveyed to designated equipment;In embodiment, feed mechanism 1 wraps A discharge port 12 is included, stock mechanism 2 is set to the charging side of discharge port 12, and above-mentioned specify is directed toward in the discharging side of discharge port 12 Equipment, in this way, the present invention for automatically for the device of discharging by discharge port 12 charging side stock mechanism 2 on work Part 9 or material transferring are to discharge port 12, and later, workpiece 9 and material are delivered to the finger positioned at discharging side via discharge port 12 At locking equipment, to carry out subsequent working process.
In the present embodiment, it is different from existing feeding and integrated structure of stocking up, the feed mechanism 1 of apparatus of the present invention Mechanism 2 is split structure with stock, and structure of stocking up is moveable, manually or by way of mechanical driven, The mechanism 2 that stocks up can in a manner of close to feed mechanism 1 or far from feed mechanism 1 in the form of move, specifically, stock mechanism 2 when close to feed mechanism 1, and the workpiece 9 or material of carrying can carry out conveying operation above-mentioned;And exist in stock mechanism 2 When far from feed mechanism 1, the separate feeding by the way that the mechanism 2 that stocks up manually or by way of mechanical driven to be moved to setting The position of mechanism 1, and can unload manually removing or by way of machinery is removed and unloaded, new 9 He of workpiece is supplemented in stock mechanism 2 Material, then, then again through manually or the mode of the mechanical driven mechanism 2 that will stock up is moved to the close feeding of setting The position of mechanism 1;In this way, the present invention for automatically for the stock mechanism 2 of the device of discharging can periodically carry out it is close or Operation of the person far from feed mechanism 1, to realize lasting feed supplement-feed operation.
Provided by the present invention for using split-type design for the feed mechanism 1 of the device of discharging and stock mechanism 2 automatically, Stock mechanism 2 convenient can carry out feed supplement far from feed mechanism 1 and moved into again close to feed mechanism after feed supplement is completed 1, to supply the workpiece 9 that conveying fills into again, easy to operate, feed supplement conveniently, greatly accelerates the feed automatically for device for discharging Efficiency.
In specific embodiment, stock mechanism 2 includes that can carry the substrate 21 of workpiece 9 or material, and substrate 21 is used as workpiece 9 Either the carrying platform of material can be carried out with stock mechanism 2 close to the movement workpiece 9 or material either far from feed mechanism 1 It can be stacked on the base plate (21 in a manner of superposition.
Fig. 2 is that the present invention shown by an exemplary embodiment is used to illustrate for the outer framework of the device of discharging automatically Figure.
In embodiment, the present invention is used to further include automatically an outer framework 3 for the device of discharging, it is illustrated that in, outer framework 3 is By the frame structure for the approximate cuboid that more support arms connect and compose, 3 inner hollow of outer framework is used as accommodating stock The space of the mechanisms such as mechanism 2 and feed mechanism 1;Specifically, stock mechanism 2 substrate 21 be set to it is hollow inside outer framework 3 Space, in the present embodiment, substrate 21 are pallet shape structures, and plane can be used for stacking the equal materials of workpiece 9 that needs supply thereon, Specifically, the automatic workpiece 9 or material for the supplied conveying of device for discharging in the embodiment of diagram is generally en plaque knot Structure, such as plank, composite board, therefore, the workpiece 9 of the type structure can be sequentially laminated on the upper flat of substrate 21 from top to bottom On face;Stock mechanism 2 is connect by slide construction with outer framework 3, and by the slide construction, and the mechanism 2 that stocks up can be from outer It is moved in and out inside frame 3, so as to supplement stacking workpiece 9 to substrate 21 when removing outer framework 3 and will supplement Workpiece 9 move into outer framework 3;Meanwhile the discharge port 12 of feed mechanism 1 is set on the one side of above-mentioned outer framework 3, makes stock The workpiece 9 of mechanism 2 such as is processed at the operations from the miscellaneous equipment that discharge port 12 is delivered to follow-up process operation.
In an embodiment of the present invention, the present invention is used to further include automatically pusher, pusher for the device of discharging The workpiece 9 that controllable push substrate 21 carries is to discharge port 12, at least can be in this way, pusher can be used as driving mechanism By on substrate 21 workpiece 9 or material be delivered to discharge port 12, later, workpiece 9 or material are driven by feed mechanism 1, and defeated It send to designated equipment;Either pusher by substrate 21 workpiece 9 or material be delivered to discharge port 12, continue as drive Workpiece 9 or material are delivered to designated equipment by motivation structure.
Fig. 3 is that the present invention shown by an exemplary embodiment is used for automatically for the partial structural diagram of discharging One, it is illustrated that in, basically illustrate the structure for the delivery device being installed in the part framework of outer framework 3.
In optional embodiment, pusher includes that a horizontally disposed top is supplied gas cylinder 81, and top cylinder 81 of supplying gas has direction The flexible push rod 82 of discharge port 12, top cylinder 81 of supplying gas is on outer framework 3 and corresponding with the height of discharge port 12, in this way, Top supply gas cylinder 81 drive push rod 82 stretch out when, workpiece 9 can be pushed to discharge port 12, workpiece 9 is made to be moved to by substrate 21 Discharge port 12;Later, pushing up cylinder 81 of supplying gas drives push rod 82 to shrink, and is reset to initial position, so that it may to continue to push next work Part 9 is to discharge port 12;It is supplied gas the reciprocal telescopic of cylinder 81 and push rod 82 by top, the push by workpiece 9 one by one that can continue To discharge port 12.
Preferably, there is with perpendicular to the push plate of the axis of push rod 82 society, on the free end of push rod 82 in push rod When 82 stretching, push rod 82 is leant by the push plate with the workpiece 9 being pushed, and workpiece 9 is pushed to discharge port 12;Push plate can Contact area with the workpiece 9 for increasing push rod 82 and being pushed, dispersion push rod 82 are applied to the squeezing action power of workpiece 9, The appearance for the problems such as alloing workpiece 9 to be more smoothly pushed to 12 position of discharge port, reducing 9 deflection of workpiece, dislocation.
In embodiment, the discharge port 12 of feed mechanism 1 is located on the one side of outer framework 3, and the top of pusher is supplied gas Cylinder 81 is set on the another side opposite with the side, and the workpiece 9 or material carried on substrate 21 is placed in discharge port 12 And top is supplied gas between cylinder 81, in this way, top is supplied gas, the piston cylinder of cylinder 81 is to lean with the tail end of workpiece 9, and push workpiece 9 whole To processing mouth movement, the head end of workpiece 9 is first moved to discharge port 12, and later, workpiece 9 is moved to down integrally through processing mouth One designated equipment.
Optionally, push rod is the structure type of leading screw or piston rod.
Preferably, the present invention stocks up, the direction (direction i.e. far from feed mechanism 1) of the removal of mechanism 2 outer framework 3 is directed towards The one side direction of outer framework 3 where pusher is moved, which is hatch frame, and stock mechanism 2 can pass through the side The hatch frame in face removes outer framework 3, to carry out feed operation, after feed supplement is completed, moves into outer framework via the side again In 3.
Fig. 4 is that the present invention shown by an exemplary embodiment is used for automatically for the partial structural diagram of discharging Two, it is illustrated that in, basically illustrate the part-structure at discharge port 12.
In an embodiment of the present invention, feed mechanism 1 is equipped with axle turnable the first discharge roller 121 and the second discharge roller 122, First discharge roller 121 and the second discharge roller 122 are horizontally placed in same vertical plane (i.e. on the above-mentioned one side of outer framework 3), The two sandwiched forms discharge port 12.
In the present embodiment, the present invention for automatically for the device of discharging be applicable to different types of workpiece 9 handling, Operation is conveyed, for different types of workpiece 9 can be made more stable in the transmission of discharge port 12, reduces and askew inclined feelings of skidding occurs Condition, feed mechanism 1 of the invention are additionally provided with discharging device for exerting 13.
In some optional embodiments, when there is workpiece 9 to be transmitted on the second discharge roller 122, discharge device for exerting 13 The first discharge roller 121 can be driven to decline, it is close towards the second discharge roller 122, make the first discharge roller 121 and the workpiece in transmission 9 are in contact, and generate slight pressure, to make the transmission of workpiece 9 more stablize, reduce workpiece 9 and skid askew inclined situation.
As shown in figure 4, the first discharge roller 121 is the discharge roller in top, the second discharge roller 122 is below One discharge roller, discharging device for exerting 13 includes two small-sized telescopic cylinders, and two telescopic cylinders are respectively arranged at discharge port 12 Both ends top, each telescopic cylinder all have can telescopic moving downward telescopic rod, the freedom of two telescopic rods End is drivingly connected with the both ends of the first discharge roller 121 respectively, in this way, in the vertical direction by the telescopic rod of telescopic cylinder Telescopic moving, lifting moving that can be with the first discharge roller of synchronous drive 121 on theaforesaid vertical face, the second discharge roller 122 is solid It is fixed motionless;Specifically, when the telescopic rod carries out stretching out movement, the first discharge roller 121 is moved towards the second discharge roller 122, two The spacing of person reduces;And when telescopic rod carries out contractile motion, the second discharge roller 122 is moved backwards to the second discharge roller 122, the two Spacing increase;In this way, passing through the flexible of two telescopic cylinders of control, so that it may to realize the tune to the width dimensions of discharge port 12 Section.
Alternatively, in another unshowned embodiment, discharging device for exerting 13 can also respectively with the first discharge roller 121 and Second discharge roller 122 is drivingly connected, and the discharging of the first discharge roller 121 and second can be driven opposite or back movement;Here, When moving toward one another, the spacing of the two reduces for first discharge roller 121 and the second discharge roller 122, is discharged with reaching diminution above-mentioned The effect of the width dimensions of mouth 12;And when the first discharge roller 121 and the second discharge roller 122 are in opposite operation, the spacing of the two Increase, to achieve the effect that the width dimensions above-mentioned for increasing discharge port 12.
Specifically, in the above-described embodiments, discharging device for exerting 13 may include two groups of telescopic cylinders, be respectively used to control The lifting moving of the lifting moving of first discharge roller 121 and the second discharge roller 122, wherein the liter of the first discharge roller 121 of control The design form for dropping mobile telescopic cylinder is referred to structure and the setting side of the telescopic cylinder disclosed in previous embodiment Formula;Similar, the design form that control second goes out the telescopic cylinder of the lifting moving of material cabinet is:Two telescopic cylinders are respectively set Lower section in the both ends of discharge port 12, each telescopic cylinder all have can telescopic moving upward telescopic rod, two are stretched The free end of contracting bar is drivingly connected with the both ends of the second discharge roller 122 respectively, in this way, by the telescopic rod of telescopic cylinder perpendicular The upward telescopic moving of histogram, lifting moving that can be with the second discharge roller of synchronous drive 122 on aforementioned same vertical plane.
In an embodiment of the present invention, the first discharge roller 121 and the second discharge roller 122 drive in addition to on-mechanical may be used Outside the rotation form that frictional force that is dynamic, being applied to roll surface by workpiece 9 is driven, the rotation of Mechanical Driven discharge roller can also be used Drive form, in embodiment, feed mechanism 1 are additionally provided with discharging driving device 14, the driving device 14 that discharges and the first discharge roller 121 and second discharge roller 122 at least one drive connection, to drive the first discharge roller 121 and the second discharge roller 122 at least One progress shaft rotation.
For example, as shown in figure 4, the discharging driving device 14 of the present invention is a driving motor, which is set to discharging The side of mouth 12, and be directly or indirectly drivingly connected with the second discharge roller 122 being below, it, can when driving motor is run To drive the second discharge roller 122 to be rotated, in this way, the second discharge roller 122 can be applied to the friction of workpiece 9 by its roll surface Active force drives workpiece 9 to be moved to its side that discharges.
Certainly, in further embodiments, driving motor can also respectively with the first storage tank and the second discharge roller 122 into Row rotation, drives the two to be rotated in the form of oppositely oriented, to drive the workpiece 9 of sandwiched therebetween to go out to it jointly Expect side movement.
Preferably, the first discharge roller 121 of the present invention and the roll body of the second discharge roller 122 are made of more piece roll segment, it is each The roll segment of single-unit can occur suitable dislocation relative to adjacent other roll segments and shake, to adapt to certain plate face out-of-flatnesses The conveying operation of workpiece 9 improves the category for the workpiece 9 that apparatus of the present invention are applicable in.
In embodiment, the present invention is used to further include automatically an anti-overlapping mechanism 4, anti-overlapping mechanism 4 for the device of discharging Anti-overlapping mechanism 4 set on the charging side of discharge port 12, the workpiece 9 of pusher push are delivered to via anti-overlapping mechanism 4 Discharge port 12, anti-overlapping mechanism 4 can be used as migration path when workpiece 9 is moved from substrate 21 to discharge port 12, can play and hold The effect for holding in the palm workpiece 9 allows workpiece 9 more smoothly to enter discharge port 12.
As shown in Figure 4, Figure 5, specifically, anti-overlapping mechanism 4 is horizontal including a vertical baffle 41 and towards discharge port 12 The tablet 42 of setting.Optionally, baffle 41 can be fixed on outer framework 3 vertically.The upper face height of tablet 42 is slightly below baffle 41 Upper edge, and the upper edge of baffle 41 and the tangent line of the upper roll surface of the second discharge roller 122 are substantially concordant.When specifically used, gear Plate 41 can not only be used as stop member (as shown in Figure 5), but also can be as the connecting component of anti-overlapping mechanism 4 and outer framework 3.
When delivery device pushes two or more workpiece 9 to baffle 41, it will usually control the workpiece 9 of top layer Lower face it is parallel with the tangent line of upper roll surface of the second discharge roller 122, to realize the purpose of conveying work pieces 9 one by one.But in reality During the production control of border, error is inevitably will produce, it is difficult to accomplish the tangent line of the upper roll surface of the second discharge roller 122, baffle 41 Upper edge and the lower face of top layer's workpiece be in same horizontal line, as shown in Figure 5.In the actual production process, by It has adhesion each other between workpiece 9, therefore adjacent workpiece 9 can occur and be overlapped the feelings into discharge port 12 because of adhesion Condition, setting baffle 41 can be effectively prevented from such case.
As shown in figure 5, when the height of the workpiece 9 of top layer is slightly raised above baffle 41, even if adjacent lower layer's workpiece 9 at this time Top surface be higher by the upper edge of baffle 41, but since workpiece 9 is there are certain thickness, the workpiece 9 of lower layer still can It is blocked by baffle 41, the workpiece 9 that pusher is only capable of push top layer enters discharge port 12,9 He of workpiece without top layer occurs It the case where adjacent workpiece 9 enters discharge port 12 by overlapping push, to realize the accurate conveying of single workpiece 9, avoids the occurrence of The case where overlapping of multiple workpiece 9 enters discharge port 12.
In an embodiment of the present invention, anti-overlapping mechanism 4 further includes the sliding slot platform of a wraping plate structure being set on tablet 42 43, the side of the neighbouring discharge port 12 of sliding slot platform 43 passes through the adjustable angle upwarped of lifters.
Fig. 6 is that the present invention shown by an exemplary embodiment is used for automatically for the partial structural diagram of discharging Three, it is illustrated that in, basically illustrate the structure of the elevating mechanism assembled with substrate 21.
In one embodiment, discharge port 12 is corresponding with the height and position of cylinder 81 of supplying gas is pushed up and immobilizes, and is sent on top Cylinder 81 pushes the workpiece 9 on substrate 21 after the output of discharge port 12, what the whole heights of multiple workpiece 9 necessarily declined, When the workpiece 9 of top layer is less than the height of discharge port 12, push up cylinder 81 of supplying gas just can not carry out push operation to workpiece 9 again, because This, to realize that the lasting conveying of workpiece 9, the present invention are used to further include automatically an elevating mechanism, elevating mechanism for the device of discharging It drive substrate 21 can be lifted within the scope of setting height, so that the workpiece 9 and discharge port of the stacking top layer of substrate 21 12 height is concordant, in this way, pusher can push the single workpiece 9 for stacking top layer to discharge port 12 always.
Specifically, elevating mechanism includes:One or more is vertically set to the leading screw 51 of outer framework 3, and leading screw 51 is located at The peripheral side of substrate 21, on each leading screw 51 setting longitudinally delay along it screw thread of forming;One or more is fixed on substrate 21 And there is corresponding leading screw 51 to constitute screw thread socket cooperation for guide pad 52 corresponding with 51 position of leading screw, each guide pad 52 Tapped through hole;Lifting drive is drivingly connected with one or multi-filament thick stick 51, to drive leading screw 51 to carry out shaft rotation.In this way, When lifting drive rotates forward operation, driving leading screw 51 carries out shaft rotation along the first rotation direction, and the height of leading screw 51 itself is constant, forces Guide pad 52 is driven vertically to move up, to drive the substrate 21 being fixedly connected with guide pad 52 to move upwards, to The workpiece stacked on substrate 21 9 can be allow to synchronize to move upwards, when the workpiece 9 of top layer move to it is concordant with feed inlet When position, the workpiece 9 of the top layer can be pushed to gating location by pusher.
Therefore, after a workpiece 9 pushes to the output to designated equipment of discharge port 12, the liter of control elevating mechanism can be passed through The operation of driving device is dropped, drives substrate 21 to move up setpoint distance, so that the workpiece 9 of the top layer of substrate 21 is met and push away Send the push height requirement of mechanism.The setpoint distance specifically moved up can be according to the actual (real) thickness for the workpiece 9 that it is exported It is preset.
Workpiece 9 on the base plate (21 is all pushed finish after, lifting drive can invert operation, driving leading screw 51 carry out shaft rotation along with first the second oppositely oriented rotation direction, and the height of leading screw 51 itself is still constant, forces to drive guide pad 52 It is moved down along numerical value direction, to drive substrate 21 also to run down, in this way, new workpiece can be stacked on the base plate (21 again 9 or material.
In embodiment, the both ends of leading screw 51 are fixed on the upper and lower frame body with outer framework 3 respectively, and lifting drive is One driving motor, driving motor are directly or indirectly drivingly connected with leading screw 51.
In embodiment, for the elevating mechanism of one group of leading screw 51 and guide pad 52 above-mentioned, elevating mechanism further includes:One Root or the more slide bars for being vertically set to outer framework 3, slide bar are located at the peripheral side of substrate 21, slide bar smooth outer surface;One Or it is multiple be fixed on substrate 21 and sliding block corresponding with slide bar position, each sliding block there is corresponding slide bar to constitute socket matches The smooth bore of conjunction.In the present embodiment, the socket cooperation of slide bar and smooth bore can further constitute the limit to substrate 21 Position effect, prevents substrate 21 from the problem of being rotated around leading screw 51 occur.
In the foregoing embodiments, stock mechanism 2 is realized by slide construction into and out outer framework 3, slide construction Concrete structure include:It is set to the sliding rail 61 of the edge of outer framework 3 backwards to the direction elongation moulding of discharge port 12;It is set to substrate Multiple pulleys 62 of 21 bottoms, substrate 21 being slidably matched by pulley 62 and sliding rail 61, into and out outer framework 3.It is sliding Rail 61 may be constructed the position-limiting action to pulley 62, and pulley 62 is made to be only capable of moving in and out outer framework 3 along single direction.
Fig. 7 is that the present invention shown by an exemplary embodiment is used for automatically for the partial structural diagram of discharging Four, it is illustrated that in, basically illustrate the structure of guide plate 71 and traversing component 72.
In an embodiment of the present invention, to make workpiece 9 not occur deflection, dislocation etc. during being conveyed to discharge port 12 Problem is additionally provided with the guide plate 71 positioned at 21 both sides of substrate on outer framework 3 of the invention, and guide plate 71 can be in basic both sides The workpiece 9 stacked to it on face constitutes limit, the path direction for being only oriented towards discharge port 12 is limited, in this way, workpiece 9 can be limited Under the push effect of pusher, intelligence ensure that workpiece 9 or material conveying side along being moved towards the direction of discharge port 12 To accuracy.
Preferably, the traversing component 72 that can transversely move horizontally is additionally provided on outer framework 3, traversing component 72 and at least one The guide plate 71 of side connects, to drive 71 transverse horizontal of guide plate of at least side to move.
Specifically, traversing component 72 includes one or more cross bar 721 of a top frame body for being set up in outer framework 3, it is horizontal Bar 721 is parallel to the setting of discharge port 12, and cross bar 721 is equipped with a slidable transverse arm 722, transverse arm 722 it is longitudinally perpendicular in going out Material mouth 12, transverse arm 722 are connect by linking arm 723 straight down with guide plate 71, and guide plate 71 is made vacantly to be hung on transverse arm On 722, and guide plate 71 can be moved horizontally with transverse arm 722 on the direction for being parallel to discharge port 12, to change two guiding Spacing between plate 71, to adapt to the path restriction to the workpiece 9 of different in width.
It should be understood that the invention is not limited in the flow and structure that are described above and are shown in the accompanying drawings, And various modifications and changes may be made without departing from the scope thereof.The scope of the present invention is only limited by the attached claims System.

Claims (16)

1. for automatically for the device of discharging, which is characterized in that including:
Feed mechanism, the feed mechanism include a discharge port;
Moveable stock mechanism, the stock mechanism are moved close to or far from the feed mechanism, stock mechanism packets The substrate of workpiece can be carried by including.
2. the apparatus according to claim 1, which is characterized in that further include:
Outer framework, the stock mechanism are moveable into or leave the outer framework, and the discharge port is set to the outer framework; With,
Pusher, the controllable workpiece for pushing the base plate carrying of the pusher to the discharge port;Wherein, described to push away Expect that mechanism is set in the stock mechanism, or, on the outer framework.
3. the apparatus of claim 2, which is characterized in that the feed mechanism be equipped with the first axle turnable discharge roller and Second discharge roller, first discharge roller and second discharge roller are horizontally placed in same vertical plane, and the two sandwiched is formed The discharge port.
4. device according to claim 3, which is characterized in that the feed mechanism is additionally provided with discharging device for exerting,
The discharging device for exerting drives first discharge roller to be moved toward or away from second discharge roller;Alternatively,
The discharging device for exerting drives first discharge roller and second discharge roller in opposite directions or back movement.
5. device according to claim 3, which is characterized in that the feed mechanism is additionally provided with discharging driving device, described At least one drive connection for the driving device and first discharge roller and second discharge roller of discharging, to drive described first At least one carry out shaft rotation of discharge roller and second discharge roller.
6. device according to claim 3, which is characterized in that the roll body of first discharge roller and second discharge roller It is made of more piece roll segment.
7. device according to claim 3, which is characterized in that further include set on the anti-heavy of the charging side of the discharge port The workpiece of stack structure, the base plate carrying is delivered to the discharge port via the anti-overlapping mechanism.
8. device according to claim 7, which is characterized in that second discharge roller is located under first discharge roller Side;The anti-overlapping mechanism includes:
It is fixed on the baffle of the outer framework vertically, and, towards the horizontally disposed tablet of the discharge port, the upper plate of the tablet Face height is slightly below the upper edge of the baffle, and the tangent line of the upper edge of the baffle and the upper roll surface of second discharge roller It is substantially concordant.
9. device according to claim 8, which is characterized in that further include:
The sliding slot platform of wraping plate structure on the tablet, the wraping plate can by lifters adjacent to the side of the discharge port Adjust the angle upwarped.
10. the apparatus of claim 2, which is characterized in that further include:
The elevating mechanism for driving the substrate to be lifted within the scope of setting height is equipped in the peripheral side of the substrate, so that The workpiece of the stacking top layer of the substrate is concordant with the height of the discharge port;
The pusher pushes the workpiece for stacking top layer to the discharge port.
11. device according to claim 10, which is characterized in that the elevating mechanism includes:
One or more is vertically set to the leading screw of the outer framework, and the leading screw is located at the peripheral side of the substrate;
One or more is fixed on the substrate and guide pad corresponding with the lead screw position, each guide pad have with Its corresponding leading screw constitutes the tapped through hole of screw thread socket cooperation;
Lifting drive is drivingly connected with one or multi-filament thick stick, to drive the leading screw to carry out shaft rotation.
12. the apparatus of claim 2, which is characterized in that the outer framework further includes along backwards to the discharge port The sliding rail of direction elongation moulding;The base plate bottom is provided with multiple pulleys, and the substrate can pass through the multiple pulley and institute Being slidably matched for sliding rail is stated, into and out the outer framework.
13. the apparatus of claim 2, which is characterized in that the outer framework is additionally provided with positioned at the substrate both sides Guide plate, to limit the workpiece under the push effect of the pusher, edge is moved towards the direction of discharge port.
14. device according to claim 13, which is characterized in that being additionally provided on the outer framework transversely to move horizontally Traversing component, the traversing component connect with the guide plate of at least side, at least to lead described in side described in driving It is moved to plate transverse horizontal.
15. the apparatus of claim 2, which is characterized in that the pusher include top supply gas cylinder and with it is described go out The corresponding push rod of height of material mouth, the push rod the top supply gas cylinder driving under by the workpiece to the discharge port Push.
16. wanting the device described in 15 according to right, which is characterized in that the push rod is leading screw or piston rod.
CN201810010013.5A 2018-01-05 2018-01-05 Device for automatic feeding and discharging Active CN108275451B (en)

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