CN108208330A - 一种降低鲮鱼碘泡虫感染率的配合饲料及其制备方法 - Google Patents

一种降低鲮鱼碘泡虫感染率的配合饲料及其制备方法 Download PDF

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CN108208330A
CN108208330A CN201810051590.9A CN201810051590A CN108208330A CN 108208330 A CN108208330 A CN 108208330A CN 201810051590 A CN201810051590 A CN 201810051590A CN 108208330 A CN108208330 A CN 108208330A
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dace
myxobolus
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苏杨桃
彭文
段国初
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23KFODDER
    • A23K10/00Animal feeding-stuffs
    • A23K10/20Animal feeding-stuffs from material of animal origin
    • A23K10/22Animal feeding-stuffs from material of animal origin from fish
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23KFODDER
    • A23K10/00Animal feeding-stuffs
    • A23K10/20Animal feeding-stuffs from material of animal origin
    • A23K10/26Animal feeding-stuffs from material of animal origin from waste material, e.g. feathers, bones or skin
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23KFODDER
    • A23K10/00Animal feeding-stuffs
    • A23K10/30Animal feeding-stuffs from material of plant origin, e.g. roots, seeds or hay; from material of fungal origin, e.g. mushrooms
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23KFODDER
    • A23K10/00Animal feeding-stuffs
    • A23K10/30Animal feeding-stuffs from material of plant origin, e.g. roots, seeds or hay; from material of fungal origin, e.g. mushrooms
    • A23K10/37Animal feeding-stuffs from material of plant origin, e.g. roots, seeds or hay; from material of fungal origin, e.g. mushrooms from waste material
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23KFODDER
    • A23K20/00Accessory food factors for animal feeding-stuffs
    • A23K20/10Organic substances
    • A23K20/158Fatty acids; Fats; Products containing oils or fats
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23KFODDER
    • A23K20/00Accessory food factors for animal feeding-stuffs
    • A23K20/10Organic substances
    • A23K20/174Vitamins
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23KFODDER
    • A23K20/00Accessory food factors for animal feeding-stuffs
    • A23K20/20Inorganic substances, e.g. oligoelements
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23KFODDER
    • A23K20/00Accessory food factors for animal feeding-stuffs
    • A23K20/20Inorganic substances, e.g. oligoelements
    • A23K20/26Compounds containing phosphorus
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23KFODDER
    • A23K40/00Shaping or working-up of animal feeding-stuffs
    • A23K40/10Shaping or working-up of animal feeding-stuffs by agglomeration; by granulation, e.g. making powders
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23KFODDER
    • A23K50/00Feeding-stuffs specially adapted for particular animals
    • A23K50/80Feeding-stuffs specially adapted for particular animals for aquatic animals, e.g. fish, crustaceans or molluscs
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/80Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in fisheries management
    • Y02A40/81Aquaculture, e.g. of fish
    • Y02A40/818Alternative feeds for fish, e.g. in aquacultures
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/80Food processing, e.g. use of renewable energies or variable speed drives in handling, conveying or stacking
    • Y02P60/87Re-use of by-products of food processing for fodder production

Abstract

本发明涉及一种降低鲮鱼碘泡虫感染率的配合饲料,其包括以下重量份数的原料:鱼粉2~3份,肉骨粉5~8份,大豆粕20~30,份,花生麸10~15份,菜粕20~30份,大麦10~12份,玉米5~8份,米糠5~8份,大豆磷脂油1~2份,磷酸二氢钙2~3份,核心添加剂3~4份。本发明还涉及该降低鲮鱼碘泡虫感染率的配合饲料的制备方法。本发明目的配合饲料配方营养成分比例合理,能增加鲮鱼的采食量,还能促进鲮鱼的快速生长,鲮鱼采食这种饲料后,体内吸收的药源不利于碘泡虫的寄生,减少鲮鱼碘泡虫和其它寄生虫感染的机率,为养殖户创收。

Description

一种降低鲮鱼碘泡虫感染率的配合饲料及其制备方法
技术领域
本发明涉及配合饲料领域,具体是一种降低鲮鱼碘泡虫感染率的配合饲料及其制备方法。
背景技术
鲮鱼,(学名:Cirrhinus molitorella)为辐鳍鱼纲鲤形目鲤科的一种,俗名土鲮、麦鲮、泰鲮、雪鲮,鲤形目、鲤科。鲮鱼是一种生活在气候温暖地带的鱼类,中国主要分布在珠江流域,是江河捕捞和池塘养殖的主要对象之一,已有好几百年的养殖历史。鲮鱼是杂食性,在水温15℃至30℃时,食欲旺盛,可持续采食水中和浮游生物和饲料,人工养殖鲮鱼的放养密度大,每亩可放苗4~5万尾,投喂饲料养殖50天左右,亩产可达300~350公斤,养殖周期短,群体产量高,非常适合作为鳜鱼的饵料鱼,因此,在华南地区广泛养殖鲮鱼用于鳜鱼的饵料鱼。由于鲮鱼养殖密度大,养殖环境差,鲮鱼容易出现一些病害,常见的有‘气泡病’和碘泡虫病,其中鲮鱼碘泡虫病多发生在鲮鱼的鱼苗、鱼种阶段,患碘泡虫病的病鱼,鱼体消瘦,有的可引起病鱼大批死亡,碘泡虫病给鲮鱼的养殖造成较大的经济损失。
发明内容
本发明的目的在于,提供一种降低鲮鱼碘泡虫感染率的配合饲料及其制备方法,该配方营养成分比例合理,能够增加鲮鱼的采食量,同时减少鲮鱼碘泡虫的机率。
本发明的目的是这样实现的:
一种降低鲮鱼碘泡虫感染率的配合饲料,其包括以下重量份数的原料:鱼粉2~3份,肉骨粉5~8份,大豆粕20~30,份,花生麸10~15份,菜粕20~30份,大麦10~12份,玉米5~8份,米糠5~8份,大豆磷脂油1~2份,磷酸二氢钙2~3份,核心添加剂3~4份;
所述核心添加剂包括以下重量份数的原料:杂食性鱼类多维2~4份,杂食性鱼类多矿8~10份,连翘10~15份、槟榔5~10份、南瓜子5~10份、贯众10~15份、苦楝根5~8份、党参15~25份、绞股蓝10~15份。
一种降低鲮鱼碘泡虫感染率的配合饲料的制备方法,包括以下步骤:
A、取连翘、槟榔、南瓜子、贯众、苦楝根、党参和、绞股蓝加水煎煮,得药液浓缩,药渣烘干粉碎得药渣粉末,再把浓缩液、药渣粉末、杂食性鱼类多维以及杂食性鱼类多矿混合均匀得初混料;
B、取鱼粉、肉骨粉、大豆粕、花生麸、菜粕、大麦、玉米和米糠经超微粉碎,过1.2mm筛网后加入大豆磷脂油以及磷酸二氢钙混合,搅拌均匀得混合料;
C、在混合料中加入初混料再次混合,搅拌均匀后得预配合饲料。
D、预配合饲料经制粒机调质、熟化、制粒、冷却后制成配合饲料。
本发明的有益效果如下:
本发明目的在于研制一种能有效降低鲮鱼碘泡虫感染率的配合饲料,该配方营养成分比例合理,能增加鲮鱼的采食量,还能促进鲮鱼的快速生长,鲮鱼采食这种饲料后,体内吸收的药源不利于碘泡虫的寄生,减少鲮鱼碘泡虫和其它寄生虫感染的机率,为养殖户创收。
具体实施方式
下面结合实施例对本发明作进一步描述。
实施例一
本降低鲮鱼碘泡虫感染率的配合饲料,其包括以下重量份数的原料:鱼粉2~3份,肉骨粉5~8份,大豆粕20~30,份,花生麸10~15份,菜粕20~30份,大麦10~12份,玉米5~8份,米糠5~8份,大豆磷脂油1~2份,磷酸二氢钙2~3份,核心添加剂3~4份;
所述核心添加剂包括以下重量份数的原料:杂食性鱼类多维2~4份,杂食性鱼类多矿8~10份,连翘10~15份、槟榔5~10份、南瓜子5~10份、贯众10~15份、苦楝根5~8份、党参15~25份、绞股蓝10~15份。
本降低鲮鱼碘泡虫感染率的配合饲料的制备方法,包括以下步骤:
A、取连翘、槟榔、南瓜子、贯众、苦楝根、党参和、绞股蓝加水煎煮,得药液浓缩,药渣烘干粉碎得药渣粉末,再把浓缩液、药渣粉末、杂食性鱼类多维以及杂食性鱼类多矿混合均匀得初混料;
B、取鱼粉、肉骨粉、大豆粕、花生麸、菜粕、大麦、玉米和米糠经超微粉碎,过1.2mm筛网后加入大豆磷脂油以及磷酸二氢钙混合,搅拌均匀得混合料;
C、在混合料中加入初混料再次混合,搅拌均匀后得预配合饲料。
D、预配合饲料经制粒机调质、熟化、制粒、冷却后制成配合饲料。
本发明目的配合饲料配方营养成分比例合理,能增加鲮鱼的采食量,还能促进鲮鱼的快速生长,鲮鱼采食这种饲料后,体内吸收的药源不利于碘泡虫的寄生,减少鲮鱼碘泡虫和其它寄生虫感染的机率,为养殖户创收。
上述为本发明的优选方案,显示和描述了本发明的基本原理、主要特征和本发明的优点。本领域的技术人员应该了解本发明不受上述实施例的限制,上述实施例和说明书中描述的只是说明本发明的原理,在不脱离本发明精神和范围的前提下本发明还会有各种变化和改进,这些变化和改进都落入要求保护的本发明范围内。本发明要求保护范围由所附的权利要求书及其等同物界定。

Claims (2)

1.一种降低鲮鱼碘泡虫感染率的配合饲料,其特征在于:其包括以下重量份数的原料:鱼粉2~3份,肉骨粉5~8份,大豆粕20~30,份,花生麸10~15份,菜粕20~30份,大麦10~12份,玉米5~8份,米糠5~8份,大豆磷脂油1~2份,磷酸二氢钙2~3份,核心添加剂3~4份;
所述核心添加剂包括以下重量份数的原料:杂食性鱼类多维2~4份,杂食性鱼类多矿8~10份,连翘10~15份、槟榔5~10份、南瓜子5~10份、贯众10~15份、苦楝根5~8份、党参15~25份、绞股蓝10~15份。
2.一种根据权利要求1所述的降低鲮鱼碘泡虫感染率的配合饲料的制备方法,其特征在于:包括以下步骤:
A、取连翘、槟榔、南瓜子、贯众、苦楝根、党参和、绞股蓝加水煎煮,得药液浓缩,药渣烘干粉碎得药渣粉末,再把浓缩液、药渣粉末、杂食性鱼类多维以及杂食性鱼类多矿混合均匀得初混料;
B、取鱼粉、肉骨粉、大豆粕、花生麸、菜粕、大麦、玉米和米糠经超微粉碎,过1.2mm筛网后加入大豆磷脂油以及磷酸二氢钙混合,搅拌均匀得混合料;
C、在混合料中加入初混料再次混合,搅拌均匀后得预配合饲料。
D、预配合饲料经制粒机调质、熟化、制粒、冷却后制成配合饲料。
CN201810051590.9A 2018-01-19 2018-01-19 一种降低鲮鱼碘泡虫感染率的配合饲料及其制备方法 Pending CN108208330A (zh)

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Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103168970A (zh) * 2013-04-17 2013-06-26 广东通威饲料有限公司 一种可增强鲮鱼亲鱼繁殖能力的配合饲料
CN103875971A (zh) * 2014-03-03 2014-06-25 张厚冰 一种促生长鲮鱼饲料及其制备方法
CN106387515A (zh) * 2016-12-01 2017-02-15 长沙瑞多康生物科技有限公司 一种促进生长与防病的鲮鱼配合饲料
CN107183407A (zh) * 2017-05-26 2017-09-22 中山火炬职业技术学院 一种淡水鱼防病害中草药饲料配方及其生产工艺

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103168970A (zh) * 2013-04-17 2013-06-26 广东通威饲料有限公司 一种可增强鲮鱼亲鱼繁殖能力的配合饲料
CN103875971A (zh) * 2014-03-03 2014-06-25 张厚冰 一种促生长鲮鱼饲料及其制备方法
CN106387515A (zh) * 2016-12-01 2017-02-15 长沙瑞多康生物科技有限公司 一种促进生长与防病的鲮鱼配合饲料
CN107183407A (zh) * 2017-05-26 2017-09-22 中山火炬职业技术学院 一种淡水鱼防病害中草药饲料配方及其生产工艺

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