CN108196463A - Intelligent ecological planting equipment and control system - Google Patents

Intelligent ecological planting equipment and control system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108196463A
CN108196463A CN201810158402.2A CN201810158402A CN108196463A CN 108196463 A CN108196463 A CN 108196463A CN 201810158402 A CN201810158402 A CN 201810158402A CN 108196463 A CN108196463 A CN 108196463A
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China
Prior art keywords
planting
intelligent ecological
water
cultivation box
planting equipment
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CN201810158402.2A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王洪云
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Guizhou Boda Cloud Technology Development Co Ltd
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Guizhou Boda Cloud Technology Development Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201810158402.2A priority Critical patent/CN108196463A/en
Publication of CN108196463A publication Critical patent/CN108196463A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • GPHYSICS
    • G05CONTROLLING; REGULATING
    • G05BCONTROL OR REGULATING SYSTEMS IN GENERAL; FUNCTIONAL ELEMENTS OF SUCH SYSTEMS; MONITORING OR TESTING ARRANGEMENTS FOR SUCH SYSTEMS OR ELEMENTS
    • G05B15/00Systems controlled by a computer
    • G05B15/02Systems controlled by a computer electric
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G31/00Soilless cultivation, e.g. hydroponics
    • A01G31/02Special apparatus therefor
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G7/00Botany in general
    • A01G7/04Electric or magnetic or acoustic treatment of plants for promoting growth
    • A01G7/045Electric or magnetic or acoustic treatment of plants for promoting growth with electric lighting
    • GPHYSICS
    • G05CONTROLLING; REGULATING
    • G05BCONTROL OR REGULATING SYSTEMS IN GENERAL; FUNCTIONAL ELEMENTS OF SUCH SYSTEMS; MONITORING OR TESTING ARRANGEMENTS FOR SUCH SYSTEMS OR ELEMENTS
    • G05B19/00Programme-control systems
    • G05B19/02Programme-control systems electric
    • G05B19/418Total factory control, i.e. centrally controlling a plurality of machines, e.g. direct or distributed numerical control [DNC], flexible manufacturing systems [FMS], integrated manufacturing systems [IMS] or computer integrated manufacturing [CIM]
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04LTRANSMISSION OF DIGITAL INFORMATION, e.g. TELEGRAPHIC COMMUNICATION
    • H04L67/00Network arrangements or protocols for supporting network services or applications
    • H04L67/01Protocols
    • H04L67/02Protocols based on web technology, e.g. hypertext transfer protocol [HTTP]
    • H04L67/025Protocols based on web technology, e.g. hypertext transfer protocol [HTTP] for remote control or remote monitoring of applications
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04LTRANSMISSION OF DIGITAL INFORMATION, e.g. TELEGRAPHIC COMMUNICATION
    • H04L67/00Network arrangements or protocols for supporting network services or applications
    • H04L67/01Protocols
    • H04L67/12Protocols specially adapted for proprietary or special-purpose networking environments, e.g. medical networks, sensor networks, networks in vehicles or remote metering networks
    • GPHYSICS
    • G05CONTROLLING; REGULATING
    • G05BCONTROL OR REGULATING SYSTEMS IN GENERAL; FUNCTIONAL ELEMENTS OF SUCH SYSTEMS; MONITORING OR TESTING ARRANGEMENTS FOR SUCH SYSTEMS OR ELEMENTS
    • G05B2219/00Program-control systems
    • G05B2219/20Pc systems
    • G05B2219/26Pc applications
    • G05B2219/2642Domotique, domestic, home control, automation, smart house
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/14Measures for saving energy, e.g. in green houses
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/20Reduction of greenhouse gas [GHG] emissions in agriculture, e.g. CO2
    • Y02P60/21Dinitrogen oxide [N2O], e.g. using aquaponics, hydroponics or efficiency measures

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  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Life Sciences & Earth Sciences (AREA)
  • General Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Signal Processing (AREA)
  • Computer Networks & Wireless Communication (AREA)
  • Physics & Mathematics (AREA)
  • General Physics & Mathematics (AREA)
  • Automation & Control Theory (AREA)
  • Environmental Sciences (AREA)
  • Botany (AREA)
  • Biodiversity & Conservation Biology (AREA)
  • Ecology (AREA)
  • Forests & Forestry (AREA)
  • Quality & Reliability (AREA)
  • Manufacturing & Machinery (AREA)
  • Health & Medical Sciences (AREA)
  • Computing Systems (AREA)
  • General Health & Medical Sciences (AREA)
  • Medical Informatics (AREA)
  • Cultivation Of Plants (AREA)

Abstract

The present invention relates to a kind of intelligent ecological planting equipment and control system, the equipment includes planting unit and control circuit;The planting unit includes shell, water planting cultivation box, pedestal, lighting device, water supply installation and temperature-adjusting device;The shell and the water planting cultivation box are arranged on the pedestal, and the shell is located at the outside of the water planting cultivation box;The lighting device is fixed at the top of the water planting cultivation box;The water supply installation is connected by aqueduct with the water planting cultivation box;The temperature-adjusting device is fixed on the madial wall of the shell;The control circuit includes Internet of Things control panel, wireless communication module, sensor assembly, relay module and power module.The present invention moves vegetable garden to balcony, can purify the air of a room, the plant of plantation is nuisanceless, pollution-free, no pesticide using soilless culture pattern;Unattended and mobile phone remote intelligentized control method is realized using technology of Internet of things.

Description

Intelligent ecological planting equipment and control system
Technical field
The present invention relates to wisdom agricultural and Smart Home technical fields, and in particular to a kind of intelligent ecological planting equipment and control System processed.
Background technology
As people constantly pursue higher levels of quality of life, balcony has no longer only planted the field of ornamental flowers Institute nowadays becomes more and more popular in balcony planting vegetables.Do it yourself cultivation vegetables it is not only green and healthy, sun can also be decorated Platform purifies the air of a room, cultivates temperament and interest;This way is achieved many things at one stroke, and gradually receives the favor of people.
Urban life virtually reduces being coupled, but do not change easily to the yearning of plantation for people and soil.Even if It is city home environment, can also reaches and exchange symbiosis with green plant, vegetables and fruits, vanilla by several square metres of balcony or garden, It is harvested to greatest extent with confined space acquirement.
But current balcony planting also only rests on manually operated extensive management level, efficiency is than relatively low, output It is fewer.Current soilless culture wisdom agricultural Model is mainly used for polyhouse-based agriculture plantation, the plantation of farm large area, and there are no micro- Type, interconnected, automation, for household balcony, using the ecological agriculture of intelligentized control method, there has been no precedents.Current internet Rapid development, agriculture technology of Internet of things is combined with development of Mobile Internet technology, and plants and vegetables are utilized Internet of Things and internet knot Progress intelligentized control method is closed to have broad prospects.
Invention content
In view of this, it is an object of the invention to overcome the deficiencies of the prior art and provide a kind of intelligent ecological planting equipments And control system.
In order to achieve the above object, the present invention adopts the following technical scheme that:
First aspect of the present invention it is proposed a kind of intelligent ecological planting equipment, including planting unit and control circuit;
The planting unit includes shell, water planting cultivation box, pedestal, lighting device, water supply installation and temperature-adjusting device; The shell and the water planting cultivation box are arranged on the pedestal, and the shell is located at the outer of the water planting cultivation box Side;The lighting device is fixed at the top of the water planting cultivation box;The water supply installation passes through aqueduct and the water Train cultivation box connection;The temperature-adjusting device is fixed on the madial wall of the shell;
The control circuit includes Internet of Things control panel, wireless communication module, sensor assembly, relay module and power supply Module;The wireless communication module, the sensor assembly and the relay module are electric with the Internet of Things control panel respectively Connection;The power module is powered to the Internet of Things control panel;The sensor assembly is used to acquire the enclosure Environmental parameter;The relay module is for controlling the lighting device, the water supply installation and described thermostatic Work.
Further, the quantity of the water planting cultivation box has multiple, multiple water planting cultivation boxs vertically frame It is located above the pedestal;
It is connected between the adjacent water planting cultivation box of any two by aqueduct;
The quantity of the lighting device is identical with the quantity of the water planting cultivation box, and corresponds.
Further, vertically it is provided with multigroup limiting groove on the madial wall of the shell;Limit described in each group The water planting cultivation box there are one being respectively provided in the groove of position.
Further, the upper surface of the water planting cultivation box is provided with multiple planting grooves parallel to each other;
The lower face of the pedestal is provided with two groups of rotary shafts.
Further, the Internet of Things control panel include main control unit, data transmission interface, serial ports, analog-digital converter and GPIO devices;The data transmission interface, the serial ports, the analog-digital converter and the GPIO devices respectively with the master control Unit is electrically connected;
The wireless communication module is electrically connected with the serial ports;The sensor assembly is electrically connected with the analog-digital converter It connects;The relay module is electrically connected with the Interface Extender.
Further, the sensor assembly includes temperature sensor, pH value sensor, CO2Sensor, water level sensor And optical sensor.
Further, the relay module includes multiple relays;Multiple relays are respectively used to the illumination Device, the water supply installation and the thermostatic current supply circuit.
Further, the control circuit further includes LED drive chip and RGB full-color LED lamps;
The LED drive chip is electrically connected by I2C buses with the main control unit, the RGB full-color LED lamps with it is described LED drive chip is electrically connected;The RGB full-color LED lamps are arranged on the lateral surface of the shell.
Further, the lighting device uses LED light supplement lamp;The water supply installation uses water pump;The temperature is adjusted Device uses electric heating piece;
The main control unit uses DTU;The wireless communication module uses WiFi module.
The second aspect of the present invention proposes a kind of intelligent ecological plantation control system, including intelligent ecological planting equipment, moves Dynamic terminal and Cloud Server;The intelligent ecological planting equipment is communicated to connect with the Cloud Server;The mobile terminal and institute State Cloud Server communication connection;
The intelligent ecological planting equipment uploads to environmental parameter for the environmental parameter inside collecting device in real time Cloud Server;The intelligent ecological planting equipment analyzes the information of acquisition, its parameter area with setting is carried out pair Than, and negative-feedback regu- lation is carried out to internal environment automatically, so that internal environment is maintained in the range of setting;
The intelligent ecological planting equipment also is able to receive the regulating command that the Cloud Server is sent out, and refer to according to adjusting It enables and starts work, with the internal environment of adjustment equipment;
The Cloud Server is used to receive the information that the intelligent ecological planting equipment uploads, can be to the intelligent ecological Planting equipment sends regulating command;
The Cloud Server can receive the inquiry request that the mobile terminal is sent out, and the information of reception is sent to described Mobile terminal is shown;The Cloud Server can receive the operation requests that dynamic terminal is sent out, and according to operation requests to institute It states intelligent ecological planting equipment and sends corresponding regulating command;
The mobile terminal is used to join by the environment that the Cloud Server is inquired inside the intelligent ecological planting equipment Number;The mobile terminal can send out operational order by the Cloud Server to the intelligent ecological planting equipment, to its into Row remote control.
The present invention is had the advantages that using above technical scheme:
1st, using soilless culture (water planting) pattern, move vegetable garden to balcony, can purify the air of a room, the plant of plantation without Public hazards, pollution-free, no pesticide.
2nd, it is realized using technology of Internet of things unattended;Environmental parameter is detected, including CO2, P in soil H values, temperature, humidity, Illumination, moisture, nutrient solution etc., and negative-feedback regu- lation is carried out according to the parameter area of setting, so as to fulfill unattended round-the-clock Remote intelligent controls.
3rd, hand is realized as the hinge communicated to connect between mobile terminal and intelligent ecological planting equipment using Cloud Server Machine remote intelligent controls.
Description of the drawings
In order to illustrate more clearly about the embodiment of the present invention or technical scheme of the prior art, to embodiment or will show below There is attached drawing needed in technology description to be briefly described, it should be apparent that, the accompanying drawings in the following description is only this Some embodiments of invention, for those of ordinary skill in the art, without creative efforts, can be with Other attached drawings are obtained according to these attached drawings.
Fig. 1 is a kind of facade structures signal of intelligent ecological planting equipment shown in an illustrative embodiment of the invention Figure.
In figure:1-LED light compensating lamps;2- water pumps;3- water level sensors;4-PH value sensors;5-CO2Sensor;6- temperature Regulating device;7- water planting cultivation boxs;701- planting grooves;8- aqueducts;9- pedestals;901- rotary shafts;10- shells.
Specific embodiment
To make the object, technical solutions and advantages of the present invention clearer, technical scheme of the present invention will be carried out below Detailed description.Obviously, described embodiment is only part of the embodiment of the present invention, instead of all the embodiments.Base Embodiment in the present invention, those of ordinary skill in the art are obtained all under the premise of creative work is not made Other embodiment belongs to the range that the present invention is protected.
As shown in Figure 1, the present invention proposes a kind of intelligent ecological planting equipment, including planting unit and control circuit;
The planting unit includes shell 10, water planting cultivation box 7, pedestal 9, lighting device, water supply installation and temperature and adjusts Device 6;The shell 10 and the water planting cultivation box 7 are arranged on the pedestal 9, and the shell 10 is located at the water planting The outside of cultivation box 7;The lighting device is fixed at the top of the water planting cultivation box 7;The water supply installation is by leading Water pipe 8 is connected with the water planting cultivation box 7;The temperature-adjusting device 6 is fixed on the madial wall of the shell 10;
The control circuit includes Internet of Things control panel, wireless communication module, sensor assembly, relay module and power supply Module;The wireless communication module, the sensor assembly and the relay module are electric with the Internet of Things control panel respectively Connection;The power module is powered to the Internet of Things control panel;The sensor assembly is used to acquire inside the shell 10 Environmental parameter;The relay module is used to control the lighting device, the water supply installation and the temperature-adjusting device 6 Work.
Further, the quantity of the water planting cultivation box 7 has multiple, and multiple water planting cultivation boxs 7 are vertically It is erected at 9 top of pedestal;
It is connected between the adjacent water planting cultivation box 7 of any two by aqueduct 8;
The quantity of the lighting device is identical with the quantity of the water planting cultivation box 7, and corresponds.
Further, vertically it is provided with multigroup limiting groove on the madial wall of the shell 10;Described in each group The water planting cultivation box 7 there are one being respectively provided in limiting groove.
Further, the upper surface of the water planting cultivation box 7 is provided with multiple planting grooves 701 parallel to each other;
The lower face of the pedestal 9 is provided with two groups of rotary shafts 901.
Further, the Internet of Things control panel include main control unit, data transmission interface, serial ports, analog-digital converter and GPIO devices;The data transmission interface, the serial ports, the analog-digital converter and the GPIO devices respectively with the master control Unit is electrically connected;
The wireless communication module is electrically connected with the serial ports;The sensor assembly is electrically connected with the analog-digital converter It connects;The relay module is electrically connected with the Interface Extender.
Further, the sensor assembly includes temperature sensor, pH value sensor 4, CO2Sensor 5, level sensor Device 3 and optical sensor.
Further, the relay module includes multiple relays;Multiple relays are respectively used to the illumination The current supply circuit of device, the water supply installation and the temperature-adjusting device 6.
Further, the control circuit further includes LED drive chip and RGB full-color LED lamps;
The LED drive chip is electrically connected by I2C buses with the main control unit, the RGB full-color LED lamps with it is described LED drive chip is electrically connected;The RGB full-color LED lamps are arranged on the lateral surface of the shell 10.
Further, the lighting device uses LED light supplement lamp 1;The water supply installation uses water pump 2;The temperature tune Regulating device 6 uses electric heating piece;
The main control unit uses DTU;The wireless communication module uses WiFi module.
DTU (Data Transfer Unit, data transmission unit) is used exclusively for serial data being converted to IP data Or IP data are converted into serial data, the wireless terminal device that network is transmitted by radio communication.Its hardware forms Part mainly includes CPU, power module etc..
The second aspect of the present invention proposes a kind of intelligent ecological plantation control system, including intelligent ecological planting equipment, moves Dynamic terminal and Cloud Server;The intelligent ecological planting equipment is communicated to connect with the Cloud Server;The mobile terminal and institute State Cloud Server communication connection;
The intelligent ecological planting equipment uploads to environmental parameter for the environmental parameter inside collecting device in real time Cloud Server;The intelligent ecological planting equipment analyzes the information of acquisition, its parameter area with setting is carried out pair Than, and negative-feedback regu- lation is carried out to internal environment automatically, so that internal environment is maintained in the range of setting;
The intelligent ecological planting equipment also is able to receive the regulating command that the Cloud Server is sent out, and refer to according to adjusting It enables and starts work, with the internal environment of adjustment equipment;
The Cloud Server is used to receive the information that the intelligent ecological planting equipment uploads, can be to the intelligent ecological Planting equipment sends regulating command;
The Cloud Server can receive the inquiry request that the mobile terminal is sent out, and the information of reception is sent to described Mobile terminal is shown;The Cloud Server can receive the operation requests that dynamic terminal is sent out, and according to operation requests to institute It states intelligent ecological planting equipment and sends corresponding regulating command;
The mobile terminal is used to join by the environment that the Cloud Server is inquired inside the intelligent ecological planting equipment Number;The mobile terminal can send out operational order by the Cloud Server to the intelligent ecological planting equipment, to its into Row remote control.
The present invention to plants and vegetables (such as Chinese cabbage, spinach, romaine lettuce, pea, capsicum, cauliflower) according to plant growing cycle with Rule is studied, from CO required for plant growth initial stage to ripe each stage2, pH value, environment temperature, illumination, nutrient solution, The parameter value of the parameter studies such as moisture best-fit growth;Then setting parameters value is placed to intelligent ecological planting equipment In;Pass through intelligent measurement and control plant growth each stage necessary CO2, pH value, environment temperature, illumination, nutrient solution, moisture Deng progress negative-feedback regu- lation, so as to fulfill unattended round-the-clock remote intelligent control and mobile phone terminal remote control.
The present invention provides a kind of balcony greening intelligent controlling device based on technology of Internet of things.Nothing is utilized by smart mobile phone Gauze network is connect with pager, and pager, using controller module connection communication, passes through sensing with sensor, terminal control device Device module obtains household balcony environmental information, and after embedded device is handled, control command is sent according to the parameter value of setting For drives terminal device control module normal work to realize household balcony ecologic planting intelligent control, the camera of installation can be in time Understand the situation of household balcony ecologic planting, while by the smart home module of the family such as intelligence such as water power, combustion gas, air-conditioning, curtain Energy control module is grafted and is integrated into wisdom balcony ecologic planting control system, realizes that wisdom agricultural and the perfect of smart home are tied It closes.
1st, system structure and control model
(1) two big component part of system:System mainly includes:Wisdom balcony ecologic planting Control System Software and wisdom sun Platform ecologic planting control system field control node:
A. wisdom balcony ecologic planting Control System Software is the wisdom researched and developed according to the characteristic of agriculture vegetable cultivation Balcony ecologic planting controls control software system, has leading data collection management, huge server servo ability.It can Realize the multiple functions such as monitoring, inquiry, operation, modeling, statistics, control, storage, analysis, alarm.
B. field control node is made of control module DTU, control module RTU, terminal intelligent hardware, is given birth to wisdom balcony State plantation control system can be connected together by wireless WIFI, 4G network mode.According to aerial temperature and humidity, vegetable seed in balcony The parameters such as phytyl matter temperature moisture, intensity of illumination and gas concentration lwevel, water ph value, nutrient solution concentration, plant growing cycle are right Environment adjusts smart machine and carries out intelligent control, including interior intensity of illumination, environment temperature, planting matrix humidity, CO2Generator, The equipment such as nutrition fluid controller, pH value consistency controller.
RTU (Remote Terminal Unit, remote terminal equipment) for monitoring, controlling the application acquired with data, With telemetering, remote signalling, remote regulating, distant control function.It generally includes instruction control unit and data input/output module (PLC), data is led to Believe that five module, power module, accessory, cabinet parts form.
(2) diversified control mode
A. wireless WIFI monitoring --- -- transmits data monitoring using WIFI module.
B.4G network monitoring --- -- can monitor transmission range infinity using communication network form.
C. wired and wireless combination --- --- flexibly combines according to actual field environment.
Using mobile interchange technology, realize that remote districts can use GPRS intelligent sets, automatically according to periodic duty.
2nd, on-site data gathering and Intelligent hardware control function
Wisdom Agro-ecology plants each parameter sensors of control system, and carry out multiple spot to balcony environments dynamically adopts in real time Collection, converts by A, D and is sent into microcontroller processing, and driving executive device is adjusted so as to fulfill the automated intelligent of greenhouse.Display The indoor humiture of device real-time display temperature, illuminance, pH value, CO2The numerical value such as concentration, nutrient solution concentration, being capable of a more mesh Show balcony data overall picture with being clear.
3rd, monitoring of software data platform
All devices sampling is accurate, and the places field data such as acquisition household balcony is sent to DTU through sensor data module On node, then by wireless, 4G network transmissions to data platform, carry out analysis displaying according to related setting and further complete Corresponding control.
The ginseng needed for the growth rhythm in each stage of plants and vegetables is utilized by wisdom Agro-ecology plantation control system Numerical value carries out intelligentized control method, and intelligent planting Ecological Control system is suitble to the weather item of biological growth by a simulation is established Part creates an artificial weather environment, to eliminate the limitation to plant growth such as temperature, humidity;Make different plants in discomfort Symphysis length season output, partially or completely break away from dependence of the crops to natural conditions.System will make full use of Internet of Things Technology, Internet technology and control software real time remote obtain air themperature in intelligence plantation balcony, humidity, intensity of illumination, Environmental parameters and the video images such as P in soil H values, moisture, gas concentration lwevel, by model analysis, remotely or automatically control two The equipment such as carbonoxide release, water cycle, heating and light supplementing ensure the environment optimum plant growth in balcony;The system may be used also To push real-time monitoring information, warning information, intelligent control etc. to user by cellphone information terminal, the entire ecosystem is realized Intensive, networking remote management.
System control model be using internal circuit by the Internet of Things control panel in Internet of Things by DTU be core controller, RGB all-colour LED driving chips are connected to by I2C channels;Relay is connected to by GPIO;Connected by onboard analog-digital converter It is connected to humidity sensor;Temperature sensor is connected to by onboard analog-digital converter;WiFi module is connected to by onboard serial ports; Relay is connected to the power supply of water pump 2 and water pump;RGB all-colour LED driving chips are connected to RGB full-color LED lamps.
GPIO (General Purpose Input Output, universal input and output port) be using industrial standard I2C, SMBUS or SPI interface simplify I/O mouthfuls of extension.When microcontroller or chipset do not have enough I/O ports or work as system When needing using distal end serial communication, GPIO products are capable of providing additional control and function for monitoring.
Planting matrix humidity sensor is embedded in the plant matrix in internal layer planting groove 701, to monitor planting matrix in real time Moisture;Planting matrix humidity sensor circuit after testing, in real time by the plant root humidity feelings in current plant soil Condition is sent to Internet of Things control panel by analog quantity, and analog quantity is converted into number by Internet of Things control panel by analog-digital converter Amount, to judge current humidity state, state includes " humidity is excessively high " and " humidity is too low ";When crop " humidity is too low ", system 2 power supply of water pump is automatically opened, switch is controlled to carry out water cycle by 2 sensor of water pump.
CO2Sensor 5, in 10 every layer of shell, to monitor the required CO of vegetables in real time2Content;The CO2Sensing The circuit after testing of device 5, in real time by current vegetables CO2Situation is sent to Internet of Things control panel, Internet of Things control panel by analog quantity Analog quantity is converted by digital quantity by analog-digital converter, to judge current humidity state, state includes " CO2It is excessively high " and " CO2 It is too low ";As crop " CO2It is too low " when, system automatically opens CO25 power supply of sensor, passes through CO2Generator discharges CO2To supplement The required CO of vegetables2Amount.
Plant light compensation sensor, mounted on the bottom of every layer of plantation sink, to monitor the required illumination of vegetables in real time;It should Current vegetables light conditions are sent to Internet of Things control panel, Internet of Things by optical sensor circuit after testing by analog quantity in real time Analog quantity is converted into digital quantity by network control making sheet by analog-digital converter, and to judge current humidity state, state includes " opening lamp Light " and " closing light ";When crops vegetables, which are in, needs light filling at night, system automatically opens light supplementing lamp for plants sensor electricity Source carries out light filling by LED light supplementing lamp for plants.
Balcony environments temperature sensor, temperature sensor and triggering heating wire mounted on every layer of 701 side of planting groove, with reality When monitoring plantation vegetables environment temperature less than the vegetables growth need temperature when, then in real time by current vegetable cultivation ring Border temperature conditions is sent to Internet of Things control panel by analog quantity, and Internet of Things control panel is converted analog quantity by analog-digital converter Into digital quantity, to judge current environmental temperature state, state includes " temperature is excessively high " and " humidity is too low ";When crop " humidity mistake It is low " when, system automatically opens temperature by sensor-triggered heating wire and controls power supply, and vegetable cultivation ring is promoted by heating wire The temperature in border.
Internet of Things control panel can be by current humiture, illumination, CO2Etc. data be uploaded to wisdom balcony ecologic planting control system It unites Cloud Server, while by the promptings such as mobile phone terminal application system or wechat client push light filling, temperature control, watering, while DTU Core controller is concentrated RGB full-color LED lamps to be controlled to become red from green by I2C interface;User passes through mobile phone terminal application system System client or wechat client end interface point are struck waters cycle, light filling, Intelligent supplemental lighting, this order can be sent to wisdom by server The WiFi communication module of balcony ecologic planting control system, Internet of Things control panel receive WiFi transmission water cycle, light filling, After Intelligent supplemental lighting order, can relay be opened by GPIO, start water cycle, light filling, Intelligent supplemental lighting etc. so as to open water pump 2; User can also can manually be watered by judging the discoloration of RGB full-color LED lamps simultaneously;Planting matrix moisture humidity sensor In 701 definite value column of planting groove, it can monitor the regimen condition of current environment, i.e. planting matrix humidity condition the moment;The sensing The moisture situation of current 701 planting matrix of planting groove can be sent to master controller through observation circuit by device by analog quantity, when having When planting matrix moisture is few, when sensor sensing is to no humidity, then the analog value of water cycle sensor output can increase, master control Analog quantity is converted into digital quantity by device processed by analog-digital converter, to judge whether to still need to water cycle;When controller finds to plant During 701 planting matrix moisture abundance of slot, master controller will control and disconnect relay, and the open circuit that draws water of water pump 2 draws water and stops Only;Master controller controls RGB full-color LED lamps to become green from red and is terminated with representing to water by I2C interface simultaneously;Based on hand The remote control cloud service at machine client and wechat end is made of wechat client, wechat public platform service number, Cloud Server.
Wherein, cell-phone customer terminal is to give the mobile phone terminal application software for control system that exploitation designs, handset Wechat Client (wechat public platform and wechat small routine) is a cross-platform mobile social platform;Development cost is low, promotion rate Soon, as long as mobile phone can go up internet and wechat and can carry out being controlled by mobile phone, not by the more a versions of iOS, Android Limitation;Wechat public platform permits allows third direction wechat user to send video, voice, word message with wechat small routine, and Receive the message from wechat user, third party is also allowed to obtain geographical location, mutual turn of language and characters etc.;By the way that the public is called to put down The mode of platform server A PI can receive and dispatch information from the user, obtain the geographical location etc. of wechat user;The wechat public puts down Platform service number;Functions of the equipments are the Internet of Things solutions provided for service number, functions of the equipments establish wechat hardware platform it On;Functions of the equipments allow hardware device manufacturer that user is connected with the smart machine that it possesses by service number;By applying for intelligence The wechat public platform service number of intelligent balcony ecologic planting control system or wechat small routine open the service number or small routine Functions of the equipments, and wechat application and development is carried out by WebAPI, it can realize using wechat as in-let dimple wisdom balcony eco-species It plants standby;Wisdom balcony ecological planting system server uses third party's Ali's Cloud Server, by by the system deployment service Device can respond the http request initiated by wechat server, and can be with wisdom balcony ecologic planting control system WiFi communication module establishes communication, so as to as intermediate server, realize cell-phone customer terminal or wechat end and wisdom balcony ecology The information for planting control system equipment is transmitted.
The above description is merely a specific embodiment, but protection scope of the present invention is not limited thereto, any Those familiar with the art in the technical scope disclosed by the present invention, can readily occur in change or replacement, should all contain Lid is within protection scope of the present invention.Therefore, protection scope of the present invention should be based on the protection scope of the described claims.

Claims (10)

1. intelligent ecological planting equipment, it is characterised in that:Including planting unit and control circuit;
The planting unit includes shell, water planting cultivation box, pedestal, lighting device, water supply installation and temperature-adjusting device;It is described Shell and the water planting cultivation box are arranged on the pedestal, and the shell is located at the outside of the water planting cultivation box;Institute State the top that lighting device is fixed at the water planting cultivation box;The water supply installation is planted by aqueduct and the water planting Case connects;The temperature-adjusting device is fixed on the madial wall of the shell;
The control circuit includes Internet of Things control panel, wireless communication module, sensor assembly, relay module and power supply mould Block;The wireless communication module, the sensor assembly and the relay module are electrically connected respectively with the Internet of Things control panel It connects;The power module is powered to the Internet of Things control panel;The sensor assembly is used to acquire the ring of the enclosure Border parameter;The relay module is used to control the lighting device, the water supply installation and the thermostatic work Make.
2. intelligent ecological planting equipment according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The quantity of the water planting cultivation box has more A, multiple water planting cultivation boxs are vertically erected above the pedestal;
It is connected between the adjacent water planting cultivation box of any two by aqueduct;
The quantity of the lighting device is identical with the quantity of the water planting cultivation box, and corresponds.
3. intelligent ecological planting equipment according to claim 2, it is characterised in that:The madial wall upper edge of the shell is vertical Direction is provided with multigroup limiting groove;The water planting cultivation box there are one being respectively provided in limiting groove described in each group.
4. intelligent ecological planting equipment according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The upper surface of the water planting cultivation box is set It is equipped with multiple planting grooves parallel to each other;
The lower face of the pedestal is provided with two groups of rotary shafts.
5. according to claim 1-4 any one of them intelligent ecological planting equipments, it is characterised in that:The Internet of Things control panel Including main control unit, data transmission interface, serial ports, analog-digital converter and GPIO devices;The data transmission interface, the string Mouth, the analog-digital converter and the GPIO devices are electrically connected respectively with the main control unit;
The wireless communication module is electrically connected with the serial ports;The sensor assembly is electrically connected with the analog-digital converter;Institute Relay module is stated to be electrically connected with the Interface Extender.
6. intelligent ecological planting equipment according to claim 5, it is characterised in that:The sensor assembly is passed including temperature Sensor, pH value sensor, CO2Sensor, water level sensor and optical sensor.
7. intelligent ecological planting equipment according to claim 5, it is characterised in that:The relay module include it is multiple after Electric appliance;Multiple relays are respectively used to the lighting device, the water supply installation and the thermostatic power supply Circuit.
8. intelligent ecological planting equipment according to claim 5, it is characterised in that:The control circuit further includes LED drives Dynamic chip and RGB full-color LED lamps;
The LED drive chip is electrically connected by I2C buses with the main control unit, the RGB full-color LED lamps and the LED Driving chip is electrically connected;The RGB full-color LED lamps are arranged on the lateral surface of the shell.
9. intelligent ecological planting equipment according to claim 5, it is characterised in that:The lighting device uses LED light fillings Lamp;The water supply installation uses water pump;The temperature-adjusting device uses electric heating piece;
The main control unit uses DTU;The wireless communication module uses WiFi module.
10. intelligent ecological plants control system, it is characterised in that:Including intelligent ecological planting equipment, mobile terminal and cloud service Device;The intelligent ecological planting equipment is communicated to connect with the Cloud Server;The mobile terminal communicates with the Cloud Server Connection;
Environmental parameter is uploaded to cloud clothes by the intelligent ecological planting equipment in real time for the environmental parameter inside collecting device Business device;The intelligent ecological planting equipment analyzes the information of acquisition, its parameter area with setting is compared, and Automatically negative-feedback regu- lation is carried out to internal environment, so that internal environment is maintained in the range of setting;
The intelligent ecological planting equipment also is able to receive the regulating command that the Cloud Server is sent out, and open according to regulating command It starts building to make, with the internal environment of adjustment equipment;
The Cloud Server is used to receive the information that the intelligent ecological planting equipment uploads, and can be planted to the intelligent ecological Equipment sends regulating command;
The Cloud Server can receive the inquiry request that the mobile terminal is sent out, and the information of reception is sent to the movement Terminal is shown;The Cloud Server can receive the operation requests that dynamic terminal is sent out, and according to operation requests to the intelligence It can the corresponding regulating command of ecologic planting equipment transmission;
The mobile terminal is used to inquire the environmental parameter inside the intelligent ecological planting equipment by the Cloud Server;Institute Operational order can be sent out by the Cloud Server to the intelligent ecological planting equipment by stating mobile terminal, it be carried out remotely Control.
CN201810158402.2A 2018-02-24 2018-02-24 Intelligent ecological planting equipment and control system Pending CN108196463A (en)

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