CN108183480A - Boat-carrying high voltage shore power power receiving device - Google Patents

Boat-carrying high voltage shore power power receiving device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108183480A
CN108183480A CN201810077757.9A CN201810077757A CN108183480A CN 108183480 A CN108183480 A CN 108183480A CN 201810077757 A CN201810077757 A CN 201810077757A CN 108183480 A CN108183480 A CN 108183480A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
voltage
power
boat
ship
vessel
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Pending
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CN201810077757.9A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
夏进
袁正炜
刘磊
周洋
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JIANGSU ZHENJIANG SHIPYARD (GROUP) CO Ltd
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JIANGSU ZHENJIANG SHIPYARD (GROUP) CO Ltd
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Application filed by JIANGSU ZHENJIANG SHIPYARD (GROUP) CO Ltd filed Critical JIANGSU ZHENJIANG SHIPYARD (GROUP) CO Ltd
Priority to CN201810077757.9A priority Critical patent/CN108183480A/en
Publication of CN108183480A publication Critical patent/CN108183480A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02BBOARDS, SUBSTATIONS, OR SWITCHING ARRANGEMENTS FOR THE SUPPLY OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02B1/00Frameworks, boards, panels, desks, casings; Details of substations or switching arrangements
    • H02B1/20Bus-bar or other wiring layouts, e.g. in cubicles, in switchyards
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02BBOARDS, SUBSTATIONS, OR SWITCHING ARRANGEMENTS FOR THE SUPPLY OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02B1/00Frameworks, boards, panels, desks, casings; Details of substations or switching arrangements
    • H02B1/26Casings; Parts thereof or accessories therefor
    • H02B1/30Cabinet-type casings; Parts thereof or accessories therefor
    • H02B1/32Mounting of devices therein
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02JCIRCUIT ARRANGEMENTS OR SYSTEMS FOR SUPPLYING OR DISTRIBUTING ELECTRIC POWER; SYSTEMS FOR STORING ELECTRIC ENERGY
    • H02J3/00Circuit arrangements for ac mains or ac distribution networks

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of boat-carrying high voltage shore power power receiving devices, show blocking device GS, high-pressure vacuum breaker QF, high voltage ground switch JD, Zinc-Oxide Arrester F, voltage transformer TV, current transformer TA1, current transformer TA2, current transformer TA3 integrative installation technologies in cabinet including coupler HVX peculiar to vessel, high-tension fuse FU, induction-type high-voltage electrification nuclear phase.The boat-carrying high voltage shore power power receiving device of the present invention can replace boat-carrying high voltage shore power to connect power distribution cabinet (plate) and bank electricity access control flow simultaneously, to reduce the volume and weight of ship high voltage shore power system, take up space and reduce investment outlay less.With the networking plan of not shipmate electric system, the high voltage shore power power supply of more than rated line voltage 1kV, 15kV and following rated frequency 50Hz or 60Hz are accessed suitable for each type ship.

Description

Boat-carrying high voltage shore power power receiving device
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of boat-carrying high voltage shore power power receiving devices, belong to marine electric installation technical field.
Background technology
International Maritime Organization (IMO) publication《Oil pollution from vessels international convention》(MARPOL pacts), to preventing ship from seeking It is polluted during fortune and has made important regulation.In recent years, the regulation of limitation marine exhaust discharge was increasingly stringent, wrapped in the world It includes during many harbour management departments including China have required ship berthing at harbour, marine generator operation should be stopped and used Bank electricity, to reduce port area environmental pollution.Currently, the ship that reaches port can realize energy-saving and emission-reduction using bank electricity, promote green boat Fortune, has built consensus.State Grid Corporation of China attaches great importance to the construction of harbour bank electricity system, has issued Q GDW in succession within nearly 2 years 11468— 2015《Harbour bank electricity system Construction specification》With Q GDW 11468-2016《Harbour bank electricity equipment specification》, Bank electricity electric power system is made to have unified standard.Q GDW 11468.1—2016《High voltage power supply》To port and pier rated output The use condition of the high voltage shore power power supply of more than alternating voltage 1kV, 15kV and following, 50Hz and 60Hz, is examined technology requirement Items are waited, all very clearly, the bunder of norm-setting should have been covered to the voltage and frequency level of ship power supply The voltage and frequency level of existing domestic and international Ship Electrical Power System, can meet ship can have during reach port suitable power supply can be with Connect use.
Due to being the new technology just carried out in recent years using high voltage shore power on ship, the related boat-carrying in China connects at present Enter the power receiving device standard of bank electricity, only CB373-85《Shore connection box》This is a kind of, the standard be only applicable to boat-carrying low pressure bank electricity by Electric installation.It is right during reaching port using the ship of low-voltage power system due to being continuously increased using the ship of high-voltage electric power system The demand of electric power also increases increasingly, and at power larger (such as more than 250kW), using high voltage shore power the advantages of is fairly obvious. Under these circumstances, China Classification Society (CCS) is according to IEC/ISO/IEEE 80005-1-2012 standards and IACS PM5409 The files such as the Guidelines that mesh group ABS/LR/DNV/BV is formulated, have newly increased a chapter content in ship specification《High-voltage alternating Bank electricity system》, (refer to CCS steel seagoing vessels classification rules the 8th the 19th chapter of the 2015, the 5th fascicle, People's Transportation Press's share Co., Ltd publishes and distributes, June the 1st edition in 2015, book number:151142150), wherein having issued about " boat-carrying high voltage shore power The pertinent regulations of connection power distribution cabinet (plate) " and " bank electricity access control flow ", the bottleneck gone on board to breaking high voltage shore power have great meaning Justice.
For the actual state of ship, the ship or prisoner in prison of operation, electric system either has been put into Configuration with main electrical power plant has all been shaped, and connecing only is needed to increase boat-carrying high voltage shore power power receiving device with high voltage shore power.Therefore, according near The worldwide prominents classification society such as the related GB standard of IEC/ISO/IEEE publications and CCS is right in Classification of Vessel specification over year Ship use high voltage shore power requirements, design a kind of boat-carrying high voltage shore power power receiving device and its with Ship Electrical Power System networking Scheme easily accesses high voltage shore power safely in HVSC systems to meet various ships, has a very important significance.
Invention content
The purpose of the present invention is to provide a kind of boat-carrying high voltage shore power power receiving device, when ensuring that ship accesses high voltage shore power Under the premise of international standard and Classification of Vessel specification can be fully met, by boat-carrying high voltage shore power power receiving device must be equipped with one, Secondary electric appliance is designed as integrative installation technology in same cabinet, meeting various ships in high voltage shore power connection system (HVSC systems System) in safety and easily access high voltage shore power.
The purpose of the present invention is achieved by the following technical programs:
A kind of boat-carrying high voltage shore power power receiving device, an electric appliance includes coupler HVX peculiar to vessel, high-tension fuse in main circuit FU, high-pressure vacuum breaker QF, high voltage ground switch JD, Zinc-Oxide Arrester F, voltage transformer TV, current transformer TA1, Current transformer TA2, current transformer TA3;The coupler HVX peculiar to vessel includes connector peculiar to vessel and input socket peculiar to vessel, institute The connector peculiar to vessel for stating coupler HVX peculiar to vessel is connected with the cable of access bank electricity, input socket and high-pressure vacuum breaker peculiar to vessel The end of incoming cables of QF is connected, leading-out terminal and current transformer TA1, current transformer TA2, the Current Mutual Inductance of high-pressure vacuum breaker QF The primary side end of incoming cables of device TA3 is connected, the primary side outlet of current transformer TA1, current transformer TA2, current transformer TA3 Hold the outgoing line busbar for boat-carrying high voltage shore power power receiving device, the end of incoming cables of high voltage ground switch JD, the inlet wire of high-tension fuse FU It holds, the power end of Zinc-Oxide Arrester F is connected respectively with the enter line side busbar of high-pressure vacuum breaker QF, high voltage ground switch JD Leading-out terminal, Zinc-Oxide Arrester F ground terminal be grounded respectively, the leading-out terminal of high-tension fuse FU and voltage transformer TV just Grade side is connected;The voltage transformer TV secondary sides have two groups of coils, and one group of star connection provides voltage for monitoring and protection, another Group open delta connection is for high-voltage earthing protection, the current transformer TA1, current transformer TA2, current transformer TA3 Primary side have two groups of coils respectively, one group is used for current measurement circuit, and another group is used for current protection circuit;Boat-carrying high pressure bank Electric power receiving device further includes induction-type high-voltage electrification nuclear phase and shows blocking device GS, induction-type high-voltage electrification nuclear phase display locking dress It puts GS and belongs to secondary electric appliance, sensor is mounted at distance high-voltage vacuum circuit breaker QF enter line sides about 200mm, described peculiar to vessel Coupler HVX, high-tension fuse FU, induction-type high-voltage electrification nuclear phase show blocking device GS, high-pressure vacuum breaker QF, high pressure Earthing switch JD, Zinc-Oxide Arrester F, voltage transformer TV, current transformer TA1, current transformer TA2, current transformer TA3 integrative installation technologies are in same cabinet.
The purpose of the present invention can also further be realized by following technical measures:
Aforementioned boat-carrying high voltage shore power power receiving device, the cabinet are divided into three layers, are followed successively by first layer, second from the bottom up Layer, third layer, first layer are divided into earthing switch room and are divided into circuit breaker cart with coupler peculiar to vessel and arrester room, the second layer Room and voltage transformer and fuse room, third layer is divided into relay and control room and current transformer and busbar room, described Relay and control room are located at cabinet front, and the current transformer and busbar room are located at behind relay and control room.
Aforementioned boat-carrying high voltage shore power power receiving device, when from different Ship Electrical Power System networkings, the coupler HVX peculiar to vessel In connector peculiar to vessel be connected by cable management system with bank electricity high voltage power supply, the outlet of boat-carrying high voltage shore power power receiving device Busbar fixes laying by high voltage cable for ship and is extremely connected with ship main distribution board.
Aforementioned boat-carrying high voltage shore power power receiving device, with using high-voltage electric power system Ship Electrical Power System networking when, will this Device combination is mounted in ship main distribution board, as the component part of ship main distribution board, boat-carrying high voltage shore power power receiving device Outgoing line side is connected with busbar with the busbar of ship main distribution board.
Aforementioned boat-carrying high voltage shore power power receiving device, with using low-voltage power system Ship Electrical Power System networking when, in ship Oceangoing ship main electrical power plant or low-voltage load center install one and meet isolated form step-down transformer as defined in Classification of Vessel specification, boat-carrying high pressure Bank electricity power receiving device outgoing line side is fixed laying to isolated form step-down transformer primary side with high voltage cable for ship and is attached, and is isolated Type step-down transformer primary side is connected with transformer time master switch enter line side.
It, need to be by two height due to the technical specification of " boat-carrying high voltage shore power connection power distribution cabinet (plate) " described in Classification of Vessel specification The cabinet that compresses switch forms, and one is breaker cabinet, is mainly used for switching on or off high voltage shore power, and another is voltage transformer cabinet, It is mainly used for providing voltage for monitoring protection;" bank electricity access control flow " described in ship specification, routinely standard be also required to by Two switchgear compositions, one is breaker cabinet, is mainly used for controlling transformer, another is voltage transformer cabinet, main to use Voltage is provided in being protected for monitoring.Compared with prior art, the beneficial effects of the invention are as follows:Boat-carrying high voltage shore power power receiving device can Replace the breaker cabinet and voltage transformer cabinet of " boat-carrying high voltage shore power connection power distribution cabinet (plate) " simultaneously, when without ship electricity and bank electricity During grid-connected transferring load, moreover it is possible to replace the breaker cabinet and voltage transformer cabinet of " bank electricity access control flow " simultaneously again, to reduce The volume and weight of ship high voltage shore power system, takes up space and reduces investment outlay less.The networking side of the present apparatus and not shipmate electric system Case, suitable for the high pressure bank of each type ship access more than rated line voltage 1kV, 15kV and following rated frequency 50Hz or 60Hz Power supply.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the boat-carrying high voltage shore power power receiving device main circuit of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is to separate schematic diagram in the cabinet of boat-carrying high voltage shore power power receiving device of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is the cabinet front schematic view of boat-carrying high voltage shore power power receiving device of the present invention;
Fig. 4 is the cabinet schematic rear view of boat-carrying high voltage shore power power receiving device of the present invention;
Fig. 5 is the cabinet right side schematic diagram of boat-carrying high voltage shore power power receiving device of the present invention;
Fig. 6 is the cabinet left side schematic diagram of boat-carrying high voltage shore power power receiving device of the present invention;
Fig. 7 is the independently installed networking plan A schematic diagrames of boat-carrying high voltage shore power power receiving device of the present invention;
Fig. 8 is the independently installed networking plan B schematic diagrames of boat-carrying high voltage shore power power receiving device of the present invention;
Fig. 9 is boat-carrying high voltage shore power power receiving device combination installation networking plan A schematic diagrames of the present invention;
Figure 10 is boat-carrying high voltage shore power power receiving device combination installation networking plan B schematic diagrames of the present invention;
Figure 11 is boat-carrying high voltage shore power power receiving device configuration transformer installation networking plan schematic diagram of the present invention.
Specific embodiment
The invention will be further described in the following with reference to the drawings and specific embodiments.
Existing marine high-pressure switchgear with reference to the standard of land high-tension switch cabinet, will can reach in Classification of Vessel specification The technical specification of " the boat-carrying high voltage shore power connection power distribution cabinet (plate) ", need to be made of two high-tension switch cabinets, and one is open circuit Device cabinet is mainly used for switching on or off high voltage shore power, and another is voltage transformer cabinet, is mainly used for providing electricity for monitoring protection Pressure;" bank electricity access control flow " described in ship specification, routinely standard be also required to be made of two switchgears, one for open circuit Device cabinet is mainly used for controlling transformer, and another is voltage transformer cabinet, is mainly used for providing voltage for monitoring protection.It is above-mentioned By two high-tension switch cabinets form ship high voltage shore power system volume is big, weight weight, investment are more.
The present invention can fully meet the premise of international standard and Classification of Vessel specification when ensuring that ship accesses high voltage shore power Under, first and second electric appliance that boat-carrying high voltage shore power power receiving device must be equipped with is designed as integrative installation technology.
The boat-carrying high voltage shore power power receiving device of integrative installation technology of the present invention, can be to meet described in Classification of Vessel specification Every technology requirement that " boat-carrying high voltage shore power connection power distribution cabinet (plate) " should have provides whole hardware.As shown in Figure 1, the present apparatus An electric appliance includes coupler HVX peculiar to vessel, high-tension fuse FU, high-pressure vacuum breaker QF, high voltage ground switch in main circuit JD, Zinc-Oxide Arrester F, voltage transformer TV, current transformer TA1, current transformer TA2, current transformer TA3;It is described Coupler HVX peculiar to vessel includes connector peculiar to vessel and input socket peculiar to vessel, the connector peculiar to vessel of the coupler HVX peculiar to vessel and access The cable of bank electricity is connected, and input socket peculiar to vessel is connected with the end of incoming cables of high-pressure vacuum breaker QF, high-pressure vacuum breaker QF's Leading-out terminal is connected with the primary side end of incoming cables of current transformer TA1, current transformer TA2, current transformer TA3, Current Mutual Inductance Device TA1, current transformer TA2, the primary side leading-out terminal of current transformer TA3 are female for the outlet of boat-carrying high voltage shore power power receiving device Row (if cable outlet can use end, busbar is removed), the end of incoming cables of high voltage ground switch JD, the inlet wire of high-tension fuse FU It holds, the power end of Zinc-Oxide Arrester F is connected respectively with the enter line side busbar of high-pressure vacuum breaker QF, high voltage ground switch JD Leading-out terminal, Zinc-Oxide Arrester F ground terminal be grounded respectively, the leading-out terminal of high-tension fuse FU and voltage transformer TV just Grade side is connected;The voltage transformer TV secondary sides have two groups of coils, and one group of star connection provides voltage for monitoring and protection, another Group open delta connection is for high-voltage earthing protection, the current transformer TA1, current transformer TA2, current transformer TA3 Primary side have two groups of coils respectively, one group is used for current measurement circuit, and another group is used for current protection circuit;Sense in Fig. 1 Formula electrification in high voltage nuclear phase is answered to show that blocking device GS belongs to secondary electric appliance, sensor is mounted on distance QF enter line sides about 200mm Place, above-mentioned electric device integrative installation technology is in same cabinet;Induction-type high-voltage electrification nuclear phase in Fig. 1 shows blocking device GS Belong to secondary electric appliance, on relay and control room's door, sensor is mounted at distance QF enter line sides about 200mm, Its secondary electric appliance (relay, instrument, master control electrical apparatus, indicator light etc.) is all in relay and control room or on door.
The embodiment of the present invention (meets the specification of code requirement for rated voltage 12kV, specified using high-pressure vacuum breaker Frequency 50/60Hz, rated current 630A, specified symmetric short-circuit capacity 25kA, Nonsymmetric Short Circuit drop-out current 27.3kA, Rated short circuit making current 63kA, specified KA Rms 3kA, 4 seconds, specified heat-stable current 25kA, specified dynamic stability electricity Flow 63kA), itself and other each main devices are installed by the safe distance of code requirement, boat-carrying high voltage shore power power receiving device Appearance and size (wide × deep × high) can be within 850 × 1450 × 2200 (mm), with land ac high-voltage 10kV metal armourings Drawer-type switch cabinet (KYN28-12 series middle-placed switch cabinet) and the conventional use of high pressure main switchboards appearance and size of ship are similar.Due to For each device in same cabinet integrative installation technology, volume ratio is small with two switchgears, and it is few to occupy ship space, improves the power receiving device and exists The feasibility installed and used on ship.
It is illustrated in figure 2 special separation schematic diagram in the cabinet of boat-carrying high voltage shore power power receiving device.Cabinet is divided into three layers, from Under be up followed successively by first layer, the second layer, third layer, first layer is divided into earthing switch room 5, coupler peculiar to vessel and arrester room 6, the second layer is divided into circuit breaker cart room 3, voltage transformer and fuse room 4, and third layer is divided into relay and control room 1st, current transformer and busbar room 2, the relay and control room 1 are located at cabinet front, the current transformer and busbar room 2 Behind relay and control room 1.The specific installation site of each electric appliance need to be depending on the electric appliance size of different brands.Such as The electric appliance that fruit is selected is domestic extrapolated new brand, and present apparatus volume can also further reduce.
Before more than 100 years, since invention high-tension switch cabinet, though model constantly renews, device is increasingly advanced, high-voltage switch gear The inlet-outlet line mode of cabinet is attached with busbar or high-voltgae pothead, when ship uses high-tension switch cabinet, is still continued The traditional approach of this inlet-outlet line.IEC62613-2 about ship connection high voltage shore power:2011《plugs,socket- outlets and ship couplers for high-voltage shore connection systems(hvsc- systems)-part 2:dimensional compatibility and interchangeability requirements for accessories to be used by various types of ships》(high voltage shore power connection system < HVSC- The electrical plugs and sockets of system > and coupler part 2s peculiar to vessel:The size compatibility of different type ship accessory and can be mutual Transsexual requirement), propose that different type ship should be by electricity seeking unity of standard, having compatibility and interchangeability in HVSC systems Device attachment connects high voltage shore power.Innovative design of the present invention a kind of power receiving device with coupler peculiar to vessel, wire leading method take For the traditional design of high-tension switch board inlet wire, various ships is made to be connect in whole world HVSC systems with high voltage shore power with simultaneous Capacitive.It " is by connector peculiar to vessel and input socket two parts group peculiar to vessel that international standard IEC62613, which is defined as coupler peculiar to vessel, It closes ".It is the cabinet front schematic view of boat-carrying high voltage shore power power receiving device as shown in Figure 3, is boat-carrying of the present invention as shown in Figure 4 The cabinet schematic rear view of high voltage shore power power receiving device is the cabinet of boat-carrying high voltage shore power power receiving device of the present invention as shown in Figure 5 Right side schematic diagram is the cabinet left side schematic diagram of boat-carrying high voltage shore power power receiving device of the present invention as shown in Figure 6, in boat-carrying height Coupler compartment peculiar to vessel is devised in pressure bank electricity power receiving device, and the jack direction of input socket peculiar to vessel can direction according to actual needs The device back side or both sides.
In order to meet the related requirement that boat-carrying high voltage shore power power receiving device can meet international standard and Classification of Vessel specification, this First and second mating device and its major function are as follows necessary to invention:
Device:
(1) coupler (HVX) peculiar to vessel, for being connected by connector peculiar to vessel therein with the cable of access bank electricity, by wherein Input socket peculiar to vessel access bank electricity;
(2) induction-type high-voltage electrification nuclear phase shows blocking device (GS), and major function is HV live displaying and exports nothing Source switch amount is for being latched or alarming, misphase sequence is shown and alarm, digital display three-phase voltage average value;
(3) state indicator (PA), major function are to show in main circuit respectively to switch on/off on included simulation drawing Situation, automatically control dehumidification heater eliminate condensation, electrification in high voltage when send out light show and export passive switch amount be used for close Lock or alarm;
(4) high-pressure vacuum breaker (QF), the handcart for pulling out installation QF can be with the apparent disconnection between dynamic/static contact Point, electric/manual separating brake or combined floodgate, tripping disengagement failure circuit;
(5) high voltage ground switch (JD) is mainly used for being grounded three-phase circuit after QF separating brakes, it is ensured that personal safety;
(6) Zinc-Oxide Arrester (F), for the Intruding wave for atmospheric over-voltage of releasing and the energy of switching overvoltage;
(7) voltage transformer (TV), secondary side have two groups of coils, and one group of star connection provides voltage for monitoring and protection, Another group of open delta connection is used for high-voltage earthing protection;
Secondary device:
(8) current transformer (1-3TA), secondary side have two groups of coils, and one group is used for current measurement circuit, another group of use In current protection circuit;
(9) high-tension fuse (FU), for carrying out short-circuit protection to voltage transformer;
(10) voltmeter (1-4V), 1-3V supervise high-voltage one-phase ground connection, 4V passes through for measuring bank electricity phase voltage Voltage change-over switch 1S measures three-phase line voltage;
(11) ammeter (A) measures three-phase line current by rheotrope 2S;
(12) frequency meter (Hz), for measuring bank electricity frequency;
(13) computer integrated protection measure and control device (PJ), the relay protection of device collection, measurement, control, monitoring, communication, the event Hinder the functions such as recording, logout in one, the electricity such as high-acruracy survey voltage, electric current, frequency, power, power factor, electricity consumption Gas parameter, defencive function have three sect current protection, overload protection, PT breaking protections, ground protection and non-ionizing energy loss, have more Group non electrical quantity I/O, has and ship is from the communication interface for changing system, to improve ship intelligentized control method level;
(14) according to the requirement of SOLAS pacts and Classification of Vessel specification, the principle of Redundancy Design is used to safeguard protection, is It realizes the dual relay protection of the present apparatus, the guarantors such as current quick-breaking, overcurrent, overload, phase sequence, ground connection can be installed in relay bungalow Shield by the use of electromagnetic relay as PJ back-up protection.
(15) indicator light and master control electrical apparatus (see 1-5H, 1-3S in Fig. 3) being configured on present apparatus instrument door, it is full to be all Sufficient international standard connects boat-carrying high voltage shore power with Classification of Vessel specification the related technology requirement of power distribution cabinet (plate), the necessity provided Hardware;
(16) electromagnetic lock (1-2KL), 1KL, 2KL are mating with GS, PA respectively, and when electrification in high voltage is latched coupler peculiar to vessel respectively The cabinet door of compartment, busbar compartment.
The present invention devises a variety of networking plans for different types of Ship Electrical Power System.
The 8th the 19th chapter of CCS specifications《High-voltage alternating bank electricity system》In illustrate a kind of signal of typical high voltage bank electricity system Figure, the specification represent in 19.1.1.3 simultaneously:" if bank electricity system, can from when arrangement is different described in this chapter, considering through CCS Receive other arrangement forms with equal level of security." power receiving device of the present invention with different type Ship Electrical Power System group During net, Ship Electrical Power System and the original main electrical scheme of main electrical power plant can not be changed, the networking plan of design has following several:
1. independently installed networking:To having used the ship of high-voltage electric power system, boat-carrying high voltage shore power power receiving device can be independent Place suitable aboard ship is installed, is attached with the coupler peculiar to vessel of high-voltage flexible cable and the present apparatus, the outgoing line side of the present apparatus Fix laying to being connected with main distribution board with high voltage cable for ship, using a certain step-down transformer in ship main electrical power plant into Row bank electricity is electrically isolated and is depressured with ship, is illustrated in figure 7 option A:Transformer combines installation with main distribution board, and Fig. 8 is option b: Large volume of transformer is mounted on other places.
2. combination installation networking:It, can be by boat-carrying high voltage shore power power receiving device group to intending the ship using high-voltage electric power system It closes in main distribution board, the component part as main distribution board.Connected with the coupler peculiar to vessel of high-voltage flexible cable and the present apparatus It connects, the outgoing line side of the present apparatus is connected with the busbar of main distribution board, is illustrated in figure 9 combination installation networking plan A schematic diagrames:Become Depressor combines installation with main distribution board;It is as shown in Figure 10 combination installation networking plan B schematic diagrames:Transformer is because of the larger peace of volume Mounted in other places.Especially in the system of bank electricity and the not grid-connected transferring load of ship electricity, boat-carrying high voltage shore power power receiving device can Replace " boat-carrying high voltage shore power connection power distribution cabinet (plate) " and " bank electricity access control flow " simultaneously, to reduce ship high voltage shore power system Volume and weight, take up space and reduce investment outlay less.
3. transformer installation networking is configured:For the ship using low-voltage power system, if the demand during reaching port Bank electricity power is larger, can substantially reduce the cabling requirements to accessing bank electricity using high voltage shore power and reduce line loss, can take Boat-carrying high voltage shore power power receiving device and the scheme of the mating installation of step-down transformer, this is different from larger box of volume and weight Substation is not easy to aboard ship install, and this programme is in the suitable place mounting shipping high voltage shore power power receiving device of ship, with height Pressure flexible cable and the coupler peculiar to vessel of the present apparatus are attached, and are met ship in main electrical power plant or low-voltage load center installation one and are entered Isolated form step-down transformer TM as defined in grade specification, at the beginning of the outgoing line side of the present apparatus fixes laying to transformer with high voltage cable for ship Grade side is attached, and transformer secondary is connected with next master switch enter line side, and this programme schematic diagram is as shown in figure 11, in figure 2QF, 3QF, 4QF, 6QF and 8QF are interlocked.
Sheathing material, shell mechanism, coating, panel arrangement, the internal cloth of boat-carrying high voltage shore power power receiving device during fabrication It puts, degree of protection shell protection grade should be adapted with installation site, and adapt to maritime environment long-time service.
Mechanical latching between the high-voltage circuitbreaker of the present apparatus, earthing switch, handcart, secondary line plug, cabinet door, should be by Number of patent application is that " eight is anti-" content described in 201710800461.0 " ship electricity high-pressure installation anti-misoperation guard method " is held Row.
The manufacturing process of the present apparatus, the professional standard and company standard of still executable high-tension switch board, and should meet IEC62271-1:2007th, IEC 60092 and IEC80005 publications and GB/T11022 enter to ship like related in specification Regulation.
In addition to the implementation, the present invention can also have other embodiment, all to use equivalent substitution or equivalent transformation shape Into technical solution, all fall within the present invention claims protection domain in.

Claims (5)

1. a kind of boat-carrying high voltage shore power power receiving device, which is characterized in that in main circuit electric appliance include coupler HVX peculiar to vessel, High-tension fuse FU, high-pressure vacuum breaker QF, high voltage ground switch JD, Zinc-Oxide Arrester F, voltage transformer TV, electric current Mutual inductor TA1, current transformer TA2, current transformer TA3;The coupler HVX peculiar to vessel includes connector peculiar to vessel and peculiar to vessel defeated Enter socket, the connector peculiar to vessel of the coupler HVX peculiar to vessel is connected with the cable of access bank electricity, and input socket peculiar to vessel and high pressure are true The end of incoming cables of empty circuit breaker Q F is connected, the leading-out terminal of high-pressure vacuum breaker QF and current transformer TA1, current transformer TA2, The primary side end of incoming cables of current transformer TA3 is connected, current transformer TA1, current transformer TA2, current transformer TA3 just Outgoing line busbar of the grade side leading-out terminal for boat-carrying high voltage shore power power receiving device, the end of incoming cables of high voltage ground switch JD, high-tension fuse The end of incoming cables of FU, the power end of Zinc-Oxide Arrester F are connected respectively with the enter line side busbar of high-pressure vacuum breaker QF, high-voltage connecting The leading-out terminal of ground switch JD, the ground terminal of Zinc-Oxide Arrester F are grounded respectively, the leading-out terminal and mutual induction of voltage of high-tension fuse FU The primary side of device TV is connected;The voltage transformer TV secondary sides have two groups of coils, and one group of star connection is provided for monitoring and protection Voltage, another group of open delta connection is for high-voltage earthing protection, the current transformer TA1, current transformer TA2, electric current The primary side of mutual inductor TA3 has two groups of coils respectively, and one group is used for current measurement circuit, and another group is used for current protection circuit; Boat-carrying high voltage shore power power receiving device further includes induction-type high-voltage electrification nuclear phase and shows blocking device GS, induction-type high-voltage electrification nuclear phase Display blocking device GS belongs to secondary electric appliance, and sensor is mounted at distance high-voltage vacuum circuit breaker QF enter line sides about 200mm, The coupler HVX peculiar to vessel, high-tension fuse FU, induction-type high-voltage electrification nuclear phase show blocking device GS, high pressure vacuum open circuit Device QF, high voltage ground switch JD, Zinc-Oxide Arrester F, voltage transformer TV, current transformer TA1, current transformer TA2, electricity Current transformer TA3 integrative installation technologies are in same cabinet.
2. boat-carrying high voltage shore power power receiving device as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that the cabinet is divided into three layers, under First layer, the second layer, third layer are up followed successively by, first layer is divided into earthing switch room and coupler peculiar to vessel and arrester room, The second layer is divided into circuit breaker cart room and voltage transformer and fuse room, and third layer is divided into relay and control room and electricity Current transformer and busbar room, the relay and control room are located at cabinet front, the current transformer and busbar room be located at after Behind electric appliance and control room.
3. boat-carrying high voltage shore power power receiving device as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that from different Ship Electrical Power System groups During net, the connector peculiar to vessel in the coupler HVX peculiar to vessel is connected by cable management system with bank electricity high voltage power supply, boat-carrying The outgoing line busbar of high voltage shore power power receiving device fixes laying by high voltage cable for ship and is extremely connected with ship main distribution board.
4. boat-carrying high voltage shore power power receiving device as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that with the ship using high-voltage electric power system During oceangoing ship electric system networking, present apparatus combination is mounted in ship main distribution board, as the component part of ship main distribution board, Boat-carrying high voltage shore power power receiving device outgoing line side is connected with busbar with the busbar of ship main distribution board.
5. boat-carrying high voltage shore power power receiving device as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that with the ship using low-voltage power system During oceangoing ship electric system networking, install one in ship main electrical power plant or low-voltage load center and meet isolation as defined in Classification of Vessel specification Type step-down transformer, boat-carrying high voltage shore power power receiving device outgoing line side fix laying to isolated form downconverter with high voltage cable for ship Device primary side is attached, and isolated form step-down transformer primary side is connected with transformer time master switch enter line side.
CN201810077757.9A 2018-01-26 2018-01-26 Boat-carrying high voltage shore power power receiving device Pending CN108183480A (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201810077757.9A CN108183480A (en) 2018-01-26 2018-01-26 Boat-carrying high voltage shore power power receiving device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201810077757.9A CN108183480A (en) 2018-01-26 2018-01-26 Boat-carrying high voltage shore power power receiving device

Publications (1)

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CN108183480A true CN108183480A (en) 2018-06-19

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CN201810077757.9A Pending CN108183480A (en) 2018-01-26 2018-01-26 Boat-carrying high voltage shore power power receiving device

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109080811A (en) * 2018-09-25 2018-12-25 上海船舶研究设计院(中国船舶工业集团公司第六0四研究院) Ship shore electric attachment device and ship

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109080811A (en) * 2018-09-25 2018-12-25 上海船舶研究设计院(中国船舶工业集团公司第六0四研究院) Ship shore electric attachment device and ship

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