CN108151212B - Household multistage circulating type air purification device based on smart home - Google Patents

Household multistage circulating type air purification device based on smart home Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108151212B
CN108151212B CN201711416836.XA CN201711416836A CN108151212B CN 108151212 B CN108151212 B CN 108151212B CN 201711416836 A CN201711416836 A CN 201711416836A CN 108151212 B CN108151212 B CN 108151212B
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China
Prior art keywords
air
purification
air inlet
dust removal
cleaning
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CN201711416836.XA
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Chinese (zh)
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CN108151212A (en
Inventor
李斌
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ZHEJIANG JINDING INTEGRATED SUSPENDED CEILING CO., LTD.
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Zhejiang Jinding Integrated Suspended Ceiling Co Ltd
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F5/00Air-conditioning systems or apparatus not covered by F24F1/00 or F24F3/00, e.g. using solar heat or combined with household units such as an oven or water heater
    • F24F5/0042Air-conditioning systems or apparatus not covered by F24F1/00 or F24F3/00, e.g. using solar heat or combined with household units such as an oven or water heater characterised by the application of thermo-electric units or the Peltier effect
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F13/00Details common to, or for air-conditioning, air-humidification, ventilation or use of air currents for screening
    • F24F13/02Ducting arrangements
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F3/00Air-conditioning systems in which conditioned primary air is supplied from one or more central stations to distributing units in the rooms or spaces where it may receive secondary treatment; Apparatus specially designed for such systems
    • F24F3/12Air-conditioning systems in which conditioned primary air is supplied from one or more central stations to distributing units in the rooms or spaces where it may receive secondary treatment; Apparatus specially designed for such systems characterised by the treatment of the air otherwise than by heating and cooling
    • F24F3/14Air-conditioning systems in which conditioned primary air is supplied from one or more central stations to distributing units in the rooms or spaces where it may receive secondary treatment; Apparatus specially designed for such systems characterised by the treatment of the air otherwise than by heating and cooling by humidification; by dehumidification
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F3/00Air-conditioning systems in which conditioned primary air is supplied from one or more central stations to distributing units in the rooms or spaces where it may receive secondary treatment; Apparatus specially designed for such systems
    • F24F3/12Air-conditioning systems in which conditioned primary air is supplied from one or more central stations to distributing units in the rooms or spaces where it may receive secondary treatment; Apparatus specially designed for such systems characterised by the treatment of the air otherwise than by heating and cooling
    • F24F3/16Air-conditioning systems in which conditioned primary air is supplied from one or more central stations to distributing units in the rooms or spaces where it may receive secondary treatment; Apparatus specially designed for such systems characterised by the treatment of the air otherwise than by heating and cooling by purification, e.g. by filtering; by sterilisation; by ozonisation
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F8/00Treatment, e.g. purification, of air supplied to human living or working spaces otherwise than by heating, cooling, humidifying or drying
    • F24F8/10Treatment, e.g. purification, of air supplied to human living or working spaces otherwise than by heating, cooling, humidifying or drying by separation, e.g. by filtering
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F8/00Treatment, e.g. purification, of air supplied to human living or working spaces otherwise than by heating, cooling, humidifying or drying
    • F24F8/10Treatment, e.g. purification, of air supplied to human living or working spaces otherwise than by heating, cooling, humidifying or drying by separation, e.g. by filtering
    • F24F8/15Treatment, e.g. purification, of air supplied to human living or working spaces otherwise than by heating, cooling, humidifying or drying by separation, e.g. by filtering by chemical means
    • F24F8/158Treatment, e.g. purification, of air supplied to human living or working spaces otherwise than by heating, cooling, humidifying or drying by separation, e.g. by filtering by chemical means using active carbon
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F8/00Treatment, e.g. purification, of air supplied to human living or working spaces otherwise than by heating, cooling, humidifying or drying
    • F24F8/10Treatment, e.g. purification, of air supplied to human living or working spaces otherwise than by heating, cooling, humidifying or drying by separation, e.g. by filtering
    • F24F8/192Treatment, e.g. purification, of air supplied to human living or working spaces otherwise than by heating, cooling, humidifying or drying by separation, e.g. by filtering by electrical means, e.g. by applying electrostatic fields or high voltages
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F8/00Treatment, e.g. purification, of air supplied to human living or working spaces otherwise than by heating, cooling, humidifying or drying
    • F24F8/20Treatment, e.g. purification, of air supplied to human living or working spaces otherwise than by heating, cooling, humidifying or drying by sterilisation
    • F24F8/22Treatment, e.g. purification, of air supplied to human living or working spaces otherwise than by heating, cooling, humidifying or drying by sterilisation using UV light
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F8/00Treatment, e.g. purification, of air supplied to human living or working spaces otherwise than by heating, cooling, humidifying or drying
    • F24F8/20Treatment, e.g. purification, of air supplied to human living or working spaces otherwise than by heating, cooling, humidifying or drying by sterilisation
    • F24F8/24Treatment, e.g. purification, of air supplied to human living or working spaces otherwise than by heating, cooling, humidifying or drying by sterilisation using sterilising media
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F2221/00Details or features not otherwise provided for
    • F24F2221/22Cleaning ducts or apparatus
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F2221/00Details or features not otherwise provided for
    • F24F2221/34Heater, e.g. gas burner, electric air heater
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A50/00TECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE in human health protection, e.g. against extreme weather
    • Y02A50/20Air quality improvement or preservation, e.g. vehicle emission control or emission reduction by using catalytic converters

Abstract

The invention discloses a household multi-stage circulating air purification device based on an intelligent home, which comprises a circulating air inlet mechanism, a dust removal mechanism, a purification and sterilization mechanism, an air outlet mechanism and an intelligent control system, wherein the circulating air inlet mechanism, the dust removal mechanism, the purification and sterilization mechanism and the air outlet mechanism are all arranged inside a purification case, the circulating air inlet mechanism comprises a wide-angle opening disc arranged on the side surface of the purification case, one end of the wide-angle opening disc close to the inside is connected with an air inlet duct, an exhaust fan is arranged inside the air inlet duct, the tail ends of the air inlet duct are connected with each other in a conduction way through a centralized pipe, the top end of the centralized pipe is connected with a processing case, the air outlet mechanism is arranged on the outer wall of the side surface of the processing case, a heating device and a refrigerating device are arranged inside the processing case, the intelligent control system is combined with, brings convenience to the life of people and effectively improves the air purification effect.

Description

Household multistage circulating type air purification device based on smart home
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of air purification, in particular to a household multi-stage circulating type air purification device based on smart home.
Background
Air purification means to the indoor various environmental problems provide the disinfection of disinfecting, dust fall removes the haze, dispels harmful fitment and remains and whole solutions such as peculiar smell, improves and improves life, official working condition, promotes physical and mental health, and indoor environmental pollutant and pollution sources mainly include:
the waste gas is breathed, when people breathe, people need to inhale air, oxygen in alveolus is absorbed, and then high-concentration carbon dioxide and other toxic and harmful gases are discharged; second-hand smoke, tobacco, etc. can produce nicotine, tar, cyanohydric acid, etc. when burning. Nicotine can excite nerve, shrink blood vessel, increase blood pressure and reduce blood supply, and can increase oxygen consumption by increasing heart rate, and can lead people to loss of life by continuously inhaling too much nicotine; with the gradual realization of the well-being life, indoor decoration has higher requirements on the quality of the home environment, and the home decoration becomes fashionable. However, people often neglect the influence of the decorated living room environment on health and safety, and formaldehyde and radon gas are main pollution gases and have strong carcinogenic effect; household fuel, when burning, needs to consume indoor oxygen to discharge toxic gases and particles such as carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide, sulfur dioxide, nitrogen oxides, aldehydes, benzopyrene and fine dust particles of soot, which have irritation to nervous system, eye conjunctiva and respiratory tract mucosa and potential carcinogenicity; when cooking oil fume, the higher the oil temperature is, the more complicated the decomposed product is, when the oil in the pan is burnt to fire, the temperature exceeds 300 ℃, besides acrolein, diene aggregates are also generated, which can cause chronic respiratory inflammation and cause cell mutation to cause cancer.
With the increasing attention on health of people, the requirements of people on indoor air environment are continuously improved, so that the household air purifier is gradually entering the lives of people.
The application number is 201710675190.0, the patent name is an invention patent of an intelligent household air purification system, the invention patent comprises an air purifier, a household gateway, a cloud platform, an intelligent window system, a background terminal and an indoor air collection device, the air purifier and the household gateway are mutually communicated through cables, the intelligent window system, the background terminal and the air collection device are communicated with the cloud platform through the household gateway and the air purifier, data of the air purifier, the intelligent window system, the background terminal and the air collection device are transmitted to the cloud platform, the cloud platform is used for data storage, and data collected by the air collection device is transmitted to the air purifier through a network; the user passes through backstage terminating machine access high in the clouds platform to send control command to air purifier through high in the clouds platform, control air purifier carries out indoor air purification. This clean system simple structure gathers indoor air data through air acquisition device, controls the air purifier of networking through the backend terminal.
The existing air purification system mainly has the following problems when in use:
(1) common air purification system all is according to when carrying out indoor air purification, all need manually to open and close, and people often can not make reasonable judgement according to indoor air when in actual use to lead to air purification very easily and can't reach the expectation requirement.
(2) The common air purification system can remain more dust inside after air purification, cannot timely treat the air, and sometimes cannot meet the requirement of single purification when the air is purified, so that the uneven and incomplete condition of indoor air purification is easily caused, and the improvement of indoor air quality is not facilitated.
Disclosure of Invention
In order to overcome the defects of the prior art, the invention provides a household multi-stage circulating air purification device based on an intelligent home, the whole air purification system is intelligently controlled by combining an intelligent control system and the intelligent home, humanized automatic control is realized, convenience is brought to the life of people while the efficient work of the air purification system is ensured, meanwhile, the air purification device works in a circulating purification mode, the air purification effect is greatly improved, and the problems provided by the background technology can be effectively solved.
The technical scheme adopted by the invention for solving the technical problems is as follows: a household multi-stage circulating type air purification device based on smart home comprises a circulating air inlet mechanism, a dust removal mechanism, a purification and sterilization mechanism, an air outlet mechanism and an intelligent control system, wherein the circulating air inlet mechanism, the dust removal mechanism, the purification and sterilization mechanism and the air outlet mechanism are all arranged inside a purification case, a base is installed at the bottom end of the purification case, and the intelligent control system is arranged inside the base;
circulation air inlet mechanism is including setting up the wide angle opening dish in case side of the clarifier, the one end that the wide angle opening dish leaned on interior is connected with the wind channel that admits air, the inside air exhauster that is provided with in wind channel admits air, and admits air between the wind channel end through concentrating the pipe turn-on connection, it is connected with the processing case to concentrate the pipe top, air-out mechanism sets up at processing case side outer wall, processing incasement portion is provided with heating device and refrigerating plant.
As a preferable technical scheme, the side surface of the wide-angle opening disc is annularly connected with a plurality of conical air inlet cylinders, the inlets of the conical air inlet cylinders and the inlets of the wide-angle opening disc are spirally connected with sealing plates, the inner wall of an air inlet duct is provided with a plurality of pairs of communicated dust removing holes, each pair of communicated dust removing holes are mutually connected through a communicated curved pipe, overflow nets are arranged on two sides of each communicated curved pipe, the bottom ends of the overflow nets are connected with dust hoppers, and the bottom ends of the dust hoppers are provided with discharge holes.
As a preferred technical scheme of the present invention, a connection portion of the air intake duct is fixedly connected with a concentration pipe through a hollow base, the concentration pipe is installed at the top end of the hollow base, a cleaning hopper is installed at the bottom end of the hollow base, the dust removal mechanism is arranged inside the hollow base, the dust removal mechanism includes two electrostatic plates arranged in parallel on the inner wall of the hollow base, the electrostatic plates are powered by an external power supply, a teflon coating layer is arranged on the surface of each electrostatic plate, and a plurality of active carbon filter screens are arranged inside the hollow base.
As a preferable technical scheme of the invention, a cleaning device is installed inside the cleaning bucket, the cleaning device comprises a connecting frame connected to the inner wall of the cleaning bucket, the top end of the connecting frame is connected with an electric push rod, the top end of the electric push rod is connected with a fixed seat, the top end of the fixed seat is connected with a rotating shaft, and the top end of the rotating shaft is connected with a cleaning brush.
As a preferred technical scheme of the present invention, the purification and sterilization mechanism is disposed inside the concentration tube, the purification and sterilization mechanism includes a transparent purification screen cylinder, an outer wall of the transparent purification screen cylinder is fixedly mounted on an inner wall of the concentration tube through a mounting ring, a plurality of purification channels parallel to each other are uniformly disposed inside the transparent purification screen cylinder, a plurality of particle carriers are uniformly disposed on an inner wall of the purification channels, a nano-scale titanium dioxide catalyst is loaded inside the particle carriers, illumination rings are mounted at two ends of the transparent purification screen cylinder, and a plurality of ultraviolet lamps are disposed inside the illumination rings.
As a preferred technical scheme of the invention, the top end of the transparent purification screen cylinder is provided with a positioning seat mounted on the inner wall of the concentration pipe, one surface opposite to the inside of the positioning seat is provided with a negative ion generator, and the bottom end of the positioning seat is fixedly connected with the inner wall of the concentration pipe through a rubber sheet.
As a preferred technical solution of the present invention, the intelligent control system includes a human body information detection module, an air environment detection module, a data analysis module, a driving control module and a data transceiver module, signals output by the data transceiver module, the human body information detection module and the air environment detection module are all subjected to data conversion by a signal conversion module, and the signal conversion module is electrically connected with an input end of the data analysis module for signal transmission.
As a preferred technical scheme, the air outlet mechanism is arranged at the top end of the treatment box and consists of a plurality of inclined telescopic air outlet pipes connected to the side surface of the treatment box, the heating device is heated by an electric heating wire, the refrigerating device is used for refrigerating through a semiconductor refrigerating sheet arranged on the inner wall of the treatment box, the heating device and the refrigerating device are controlled by an independent power supply, and the independent power supply is electrically connected with the output end of the intelligent control system through a power controller.
As a preferable technical scheme of the present invention, a humidifying net is installed at the end of the inclined telescopic air outlet pipe, and the humidifying net is installed inside the inclined telescopic air outlet pipe through a fixing frame.
Compared with the prior art, the invention has the beneficial effects that:
(1) the invention adopts the circulating air inlet mechanism and the air outlet mechanism to respectively complete independent air inlet and air outlet work, adjusts the air outlet position of the air outlet mechanism through the inclined telescopic air outlet pipe, can reasonably change the integral purification efficiency, carries out secondary purification on incompletely purified air, improves the purification effect through a multi-stage circulating purification mode, avoids the situation that the indoor air is not completely purified, simultaneously adopts the dust removal mechanism and the purification and sterilization mechanism to respectively carry out dust removal and sterilization treatment on the indoor air, carries out purification treatment through mutually independent processes, and effectively avoids the adverse effect of different impurities on the inside of the device while ensuring the purification effect.
(2) Simultaneously, after air purification treatment, through cleaning device to the granule such as dust after handling wash, avoid the dust to appear remaining, for next use has brought the convenience, has reduced the secondary pollution that reuse produced.
(3) The intelligent control system is adopted to realize intelligent control of the whole air purification system, targeted purification treatment is carried out according to indoor air conditions, humanized automatic control is realized while the purification effect is ensured, remote communication is realized by utilizing the data receiving and transmitting module, remote control is realized, the automation degree of the whole air purification system can be effectively improved by combining the intelligent home system, and great convenience is brought to the life of people.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic view of the overall structure of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic diagram of the working flow of the intelligent control system of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a schematic structural diagram of the sterilization and purification mechanism of the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a schematic structural diagram of a circulating air intake mechanism of the present invention;
FIG. 5 is a schematic view of an air intake duct according to the present invention;
fig. 6 is a schematic structural diagram of the cleaning device of the present invention.
In the figure: 1-circulating air inlet mechanism; 2-a dust removal mechanism; 3-a purifying and sterilizing mechanism; 4-air outlet mechanism; 5-an intelligent control system; 6-a cleaning device; 7-a heating device; 8-a refrigeration device; 9-obliquely stretching an air outlet pipe; 10-purifying the cabinet; 11-a base; 12-a hollow seat; 13-cleaning the bucket; 14-a treatment tank; 15-independent power supply; 16-a humidifying mesh; 17-activated carbon filter screen; 18-a power supply controller;
101-wide angle opening disc; 102-an air intake duct; 103-an exhaust fan; 104-a concentration conduit; 105-a conical inlet barrel; 106-sealing plate; 107-communicating dust removal holes; 108-a communicating curved tube; 109-overflow net; 110-a dust hopper; 111-exhaust holes;
201-teflon coating; 202-an electrostatic plate;
301-transparent purification screen cylinder; 302-a mounting ring; 303-a purge channel; 304-a particulate carrier; 305-an illumination ring; 306-ultraviolet light; 307-positioning seats; 308-negative ion generator; 309-rubber sheet;
501-a human body information detection module; 502-air environment detection module; 503-a data analysis module; 504-a drive control module; 505-a data transceiving module; 506-a signal conversion module;
601-a connecting frame; 602-an electric push rod; 603-a fixed seat; 604-a rotation axis; 605-cleaning brush.
Detailed Description
As shown in fig. 1 to 6, the invention provides a household multi-stage circulation type air purification device based on smart home, which comprises a circulation air inlet mechanism 1, a dust removal mechanism 2, a purification and sterilization mechanism 3, an air outlet mechanism 4 and an intelligent control system 5, wherein the circulation air inlet mechanism 1, the dust removal mechanism 2, the purification and sterilization mechanism 3 and the air outlet mechanism 4 are all arranged inside a purification case 10, a base 11 is installed at the bottom end of the purification case 10, and the intelligent control system 5 is arranged inside the base 11.
Outside air is inside through the 1 suction of circulation air intake mechanism case 10, later in proper order through dust removal mechanism 2 carry out dust removal processing, through purifying and sterilizing mechanism 3 and purifying and sterilizing, through 4 discharge purification machine case 10 of air-out mechanism at last to carry out continuous purification treatment to indoor air, when purifying, carry out intelligent control through intelligent control system 5 to whole air purification device, realize automated control.
As shown in fig. 1, 4 and 5, the circulating air intake mechanism 1 includes a wide-angle opening disc 101 disposed on the side of the purifying cabinet 10, the side of the wide-angle opening disc 101 is connected with a plurality of conical air intake tubes 105 in an annular manner, the inlets of the conical air intake tubes 105 and the wide-angle opening disc 101 are both connected with sealing plates 106 in a spiral manner, one end of each wide-angle opening disc 101 near the inner side is connected with an air intake duct 102, an exhaust fan 103 is disposed inside the air intake duct 102, the connection part of the air intake duct 102 is fixedly connected with a concentration pipe 104 through a hollow base 12, under the air draft effect of the exhaust fan 103, external air enters the air intake duct 102 and is discharged inwards, external indoor air is discharged into the air intake duct 102 through the wide-angle opening disc 101, and simultaneously, external air also enters the air intake duct 102 through the plurality of conical air intake tubes 105 on the side of the wide-angle opening disc 101, therefore, multi-angle and all-directional air inlet is realized, the condition that local air is not completely purified is effectively avoided, and air entering the air inlet duct 102 is concentrated through the hollow seat 12 and enters the inside of the concentration pipe 104 for concentration treatment.
Meanwhile, when the air conditioner is not used, the wide-angle opening disc 101 and the conical air inlet cylinder 105 are blocked by the sealing plate 106, so that sundries are effectively prevented from entering the air conditioner, and the air conditioner is convenient to use next time.
The inner wall of the air inlet duct 102 is provided with a plurality of pairs of communicating dust removing holes 107, each pair of communicating dust removing holes 107 are connected with each other through a communicating curved pipe 108, overflow nets 109 are arranged on both sides of the communicating curved pipe 108, the bottom end of the overflow net 109 is connected with a dust collecting hopper 110, a discharge hole 111 is arranged at the bottom end of the dust collecting hopper 110, air entering the air inlet duct 102 enters the communicating dust removing holes 107 at one end when passing through the communicating dust removing holes 107, a part of the air enters the communicating curved pipe 108 because the two communicating dust removing holes 107 are communicated with each other through the communicating curved pipe 108, after entering the communicating curved pipe 108, dust in the air is discharged through the overflow nets 109 under the action of gravity and centrifugal force, the air is freely discharged through the communicating dust removing holes 107 at the other end, so that the primary dust removing treatment is completed, and the primarily removed dust falls into the dust collecting hopper 110 for centralized collection, meanwhile, the discharge hole 111 at the bottom end of the dust hopper 110 is externally connected with a dust discharge pipeline, so that accumulated dust can be discharged, and the discharge hole 111 is in a closed state while air extraction is performed, thereby ensuring that the air extraction process can be normally performed.
As shown in fig. 1 and 4, the concentration pipe 104 is installed at the top end of the hollow seat 12, the cleaning bucket 13 is installed at the bottom end of the hollow seat 12, the dust removing mechanism 2 is arranged inside the hollow seat 12, the dust removing mechanism 2 comprises two electrostatic plates 202 which are arranged on the inner wall of the hollow seat 12 and are parallel to each other, the electrostatic plates 202 are powered by an external power supply, a teflon coating 201 is arranged on the surfaces of the electrostatic plates 202, a plurality of layers of activated carbon filter screens 17 are arranged inside the hollow seat 12, air entering the air inlet duct 102 is concentrated by the hollow seat 12, the concentrated air is inside the hollow seat 12, the final dust removing treatment is completed by the dust removing structure 2 inside the hollow seat 12, the electrostatic plates 202 are powered by the external power supply, dust-containing gas is electrically separated when passing through a high-voltage electrostatic field, and dust particles are combined with negative ions and then charged, the dust is discharged and deposited on the anode surface, and the electrostatic field is used for ionizing the gas so as to make dust particles be electrically adsorbed on the electrostatic plate 202 for collection, thereby achieving the effect of dust removal.
As shown in fig. 1 and 6, a cleaning device 6 is installed inside the cleaning bucket 13, the cleaning device 6 includes a connecting frame 601 connected to the inner wall of the cleaning bucket 13, an electric push rod 602 is connected to the top end of the connecting frame 601, a fixing base 603 is connected to the top end of the electric push rod 602, a rotating shaft 604 is connected to the top end of the fixing base 603, a cleaning brush 605 is connected to the top end of the rotating shaft 604, the removed dust is collected on the electrostatic plate 202, after the whole device is finished, the cleaning treatment of the dust can be performed by the cleaning device 6, when in use, the height of the cleaning brush 605 is adjusted by the extension and contraction of the electric push rod 602, when the cleaning brush 605 reaches the same height as the electrostatic plate 202, the rotation of the rotating shaft 604 is used to drive the cleaning brush 605 to rotate, the surface of the electrostatic plate 202 is cleaned by the rotation of the cleaning brush 605, so, thereby finishing the cleaning of the dust, and only the cleaning bucket 13 needs to be cleaned after the cleaning.
Meanwhile, when dust removal is performed, the cleaning brush 605 of the cleaning device 6 is located inside the cleaning bucket 13, so that the inside of the cleaning bucket 13 is in a relatively closed state, and air entering the hollow seat 12 continuously rises under the action of air pressure to enter the concentration pipe 104 for treatment.
As shown in fig. 1 and fig. 3, the purification and sterilization mechanism 3 is disposed inside the concentration tube 104, the purification and sterilization mechanism 3 includes a transparent purification screen drum 301, the outer wall of the transparent purification screen drum 301 is fixedly mounted on the inner wall of the concentration tube 104 through a mounting ring 302, a plurality of purification channels 303 parallel to each other are uniformly disposed inside the transparent purification screen drum 301, a plurality of particle carriers 304 are uniformly disposed on the inner wall of the purification channels 303, nano-titanium dioxide catalyst is loaded inside the particle carriers 304, illumination rings 305 are mounted at both ends of the transparent purification screen drum 301, a plurality of ultraviolet lamps 306 are disposed inside the illumination rings 305, after external air enters the concentration tube 104, sterilization is completed through the purification and sterilization mechanism 3, and gas inside the concentration tube 104 is discharged through the purification channels 303 inside the transparent purification screen drum 301, when discharged, under the irradiation of the ultraviolet lamp 306 inside the illumination ring 305, the particle carriers 304 inside the purification channel 303 generate a photocatalytic effect due to the nano-scale titanium dioxide catalyst loaded inside the particle carriers 304, and the air is sterilized and disinfected by the photocatalytic reaction.
The photocatalytic principle is as follows:
when the N-type semiconductor absorbs a photon with energy greater than or equal to the energy of the forbidden band, the N-type semiconductor enters an excited state, and the excited electron on the valence band crosses the forbidden band and enters a conduction band, and a photoinduced hole is formed on the valence band. The holes on the valence band have strong oxidizing property, can oxidize H2O, the conduction band electrons have strong reducing property, can reduce O2, TiO2 has the best comprehensive performance, the chemical stability is high, the light corrosion resistance is high, the indissolvability is difficult, the deep valence band energy level is provided, some endothermic chemical reactions can be realized and accelerated on the surface of the TiO2 irradiated by light, in addition, the TiO2 is nontoxic and low in cost, the forbidden band width of TiO2 is 3.2eV (Ruizhi type), under the irradiation of the light with the wavelength of less than 400nm, because the energy of the photon is larger than the forbidden band width, the electron on the valence band is excited to jump over the forbidden band and enter the conduction band, and meanwhile, the corresponding holes are formed on the valence band, the photoinduced holes H + have strong capability of capturing the electrons, the photoinduced electrons e-on the valence band have strong activity, a redox system is formed on the surface of the TiO2, the photoinduced holes H + and the photoinduced electrons e-and the oxygen in the moisture and the oxygen in the air are subjected to redox reaction to generate OH groups The oxidation ability is very strong, and organic matters can be oxidized and decomposed by the organic matters, and finally decomposed into CO2 and H2O, so that virus proteins are solidified, the virus activity is inhibited, and the air is purified.
The gas purified through the purifying channel 303 enters the top end of the concentration pipe 104, the top end of the transparent purifying screen drum 301 is provided with a positioning seat 307 arranged on the inner wall of the concentration pipe 104, one surface opposite to the inside of the positioning seat 307 is provided with a negative ion generator 308, the bottom end of the positioning seat 307 is fixedly connected with the inner wall of the concentration pipe 104 through a rubber sheet 309, the rubber sheet 309 is used for blocking, the air is ensured to be completely purified, the air purification is completed under the action of negative ions, the negative ions can purify the air and improve the air quality, the working principle is that particle pollutants in the air are combined with the negative ions to be settled or adsorbed on the surface of an object to purify the air and kill bacteria, most of the negative ions are negative oxygen ions, not only can adsorb smoke and dust in the household air, but also can neutralize positive ions in the air and improve the air quality, promoting metabolism, enhancing immunity, and promoting health.
As shown in fig. 1 and 2, the top end of the concentration pipe 104 is connected with a processing box 14, the air outlet mechanism 4 is arranged on the outer wall of the side surface of the processing box 14, a heating device 7 and a refrigerating device 8 are arranged inside the processing box 14, then the processed air enters the temporal part of the processing box 14 and is processed through the processing box 14, the heating device 7 and the refrigerating device 8 inside the processing box 14 are utilized to perform refrigeration and heating processing, gases with different temperatures are exhausted in different temperature environments, the indoor comfort level is improved, the air purification effect is effectively improved, and the purified gas is exhausted through the air outlet mechanism 4 after passing through the processing box 14.
As shown in fig. 1, the air outlet mechanism 4 is installed on the top of the processing box 14, the air outlet mechanism 4 is composed of a plurality of inclined telescopic air outlet pipes 9 connected to the side of the processing box 14, the heating device 7 is heated by electric heating wires, the refrigerating device 8 is refrigerated by semiconductor refrigerating sheets installed on the inner wall of the processing box 14, the heating device 7 and the refrigerating device 8 are controlled by an independent power supply 15, the independent power supply 15 is electrically connected with the output end of the intelligent control system 5 through a power controller 18, when discharging, the purified air is uniformly discharged from all directions through the plurality of inclined telescopic air outlet pipes 9, the purified air is ensured to be more uniform after purifying, and simultaneously, when discharging the air, the outlet of the inclined telescopic air outlet pipes 9 corresponds to the position of the conical air inlet 105 on the top end of the wide-angle opening disc 101 by changing the length of the inclined telescopic air outlet pipes 9, therefore, the purified gas can be pumped into the conical gas inlet cylinder 105 to complete secondary purification, and the purification effect is improved.
The flexible tuber pipe 9 end of slope is installed humidification net 16, humidification net 16 is installed inside the flexible tuber pipe 9 of slope through mount 17, carries out humidification simultaneously through humidification net 16, guarantees the humidity of room air, selects according to the indoor condition.
As shown in fig. 2, the intelligent control system 5 includes a human body information detection module 501, an air environment detection module 502, a data analysis module 503, a driving control module 504 and a data transceiver module 505, signals output by the data transceiver module 505, the human body information detection module 501 and the air environment detection module 502 are all subjected to data conversion by a signal conversion module 506, and the input ends of the signal conversion module 506 and the data analysis module 503 are electrically connected for signal transmission.
The human body information detection module 501 is used for detecting the indoor human body condition, the human body information detection module 501 specifically comprises a human body sensor and a contact sensor which are arranged on the surface of the purifying case 10, whether a person approaches the purifying case 10 or not is detected through the human body sensor, whether the person touches the purifying case 10 or not is detected through the contact sensor, meanwhile, the air environment detection module 502 specifically comprises a plurality of air quality sensors and temperature and humidity sensors which are arranged on the outer wall of the purifying case 10, the air quality sensors are used for detecting the indoor air quality and detecting pollution indexes, meanwhile, the temperature and humidity in the room are detected through the temperature and humidity sensors, when the human body information detection module 501, the air environment detection module 502 and the detected information are subjected to signal conversion through the signal conversion module 506 and then are transmitted to the data analysis module 503 for analysis, the data analysis module 503 specifically uses an STC12LE5a16AD single chip microcomputer as a core processor to perform data analysis and processing, the STC12LE5a16AD single chip microcomputer is an 8051 single chip microcomputer with 1 clock/machine period, and the speed is 8-12 times that of a common 8051 single chip microcomputer at the same working frequency, and the speed is 44 pins. The high-speed high-power-consumption anti-static electricity-resistant anti-interference power supply has the characteristics of high speed, low power consumption, static electricity resistance, interference resistance and the like, can easily pass through 4kV rapid pulse interference, is provided with 8 paths of voltage input type AD conversion channels (P1.0-P1.7), and is low in power consumption, and the typical power consumption under a normal working mode is 2.7-7 mA.
The core processor carries out data analysis and processing, data display that will detect after data analysis module 503 analysis processes is on the display screen, the display screen can be installed on purifying machine case 10, be convenient for observe, later work according to the data drive control module 504 that detects, can drive air exhauster 103, ultraviolet lamp 306, make whole air purification device begin to work, accomplish air purification and handle, detect when the human body is close to at human body information detection module 501 simultaneously, data analysis module 503 is through drive control module 504 with air exhauster 103, ultraviolet lamp 306 stops working, prevent to produce harmful effects to the human body because excessive wind-force, when the human body is kept away from, air exhauster 103, ultraviolet lamp 306 continue to work, thereby make whole device more humanized at the during operation.
After utilizing the data transmission that air circumstance detection module 502 detected to data analysis module 503 simultaneously, share the outside with the data signal that detects through data transceiver module 505 long-rangely, realize the remote sharing of data, utilize data transceiver module 505 to receive the signal that comes from the outside simultaneously, when the people is in the remote place, can pass through the cell-phone, communication equipment transmitting signal such as computers, after data transceiver module 505 received the signal, transmit data analysis module 503, utilize drive control module 504 drive whole device to begin work, carry out air purification automatically, realize remote control, carry out air purification automatically before people return home, for people arrive indoor after building a good air circumstance, improve indoor comfort level, be favorable to human health.
Meanwhile, according to the temperature data detected by the temperature and humidity sensor of the detected air environment detection module 502, the heating device 7 and the refrigerating device 8 are reasonably controlled to heat and refrigerate, when the indoor temperature is low, the driving control module 504 drives the heating device 7 to heat, the indoor temperature is improved, when the indoor temperature is high, the driving control module 504 drives the refrigerating device 8 to refrigerate, the indoor temperature is reduced, the indoor environment is reasonably optimized, a comfortable environment is provided for people, and the air environment control device is more humanized.

Claims (1)

1. A household multi-stage circulating air purification device based on smart home comprises a circulating air inlet mechanism (1), a dust removal mechanism (2), a purification and sterilization mechanism (3), an air outlet mechanism (4) and an intelligent control system (5), wherein the circulating air inlet mechanism (1), the dust removal mechanism (2), the purification and sterilization mechanism (3) and the air outlet mechanism (4) are all arranged inside a purification cabinet (10), a base (11) is installed at the bottom end of the purification cabinet (10), and the intelligent control system (5) is arranged inside the base (11);
the circulating air inlet mechanism (1) comprises a wide-angle opening disc (101) arranged on the side face of the purifying case (10), one end, close to the inside, of the wide-angle opening disc (101) is connected with an air inlet duct (102), an exhaust fan (103) is arranged inside the air inlet duct (102), the tail ends of the air inlet duct (102) are in conduction connection through a concentration pipe (104), the top end of the concentration pipe (104) is connected with a processing case (14), the air outlet mechanism (4) is arranged on the outer wall of the side face of the processing case (14), and a heating device (7) and a refrigerating device (8) are arranged inside the processing case (14); the method is characterized in that: the connection part of the air inlet duct (102) is fixedly connected with a concentration pipe (104) through a hollow base (12), the concentration pipe (104) is installed at the top end of the hollow base (12), a cleaning hopper (13) is installed at the bottom end of the hollow base (12), a dust removal mechanism (2) is arranged inside the hollow base (12), the dust removal mechanism (2) comprises two electrostatic plates (202) which are arranged on the inner wall of the hollow base (12) and are parallel to each other, the electrostatic plates (202) are powered through an external power supply, the surfaces of the electrostatic plates (202) are provided with a Teflon coating (201), and a plurality of layers of activated carbon filter screens (17) are arranged inside the hollow base (12); cleaning device (6) is installed to clean fill (13) internally mounted, cleaning device (6) are including connecting link (601) at clean fill (13) inner wall, link (601) top is connected with electric putter (602), electric putter (602) top is connected with fixing base (603), fixing base (603) top is connected with rotation axis (604), rotation axis (604) top is connected with cleaning brush (605).
CN201711416836.XA 2017-12-25 2017-12-25 Household multistage circulating type air purification device based on smart home Active CN108151212B (en)

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108980999A (en) * 2018-07-16 2018-12-11 潍坊学院 A kind of indoor air cleaning system based on intelligent control
CN110801690A (en) * 2019-11-19 2020-02-18 黄健达 Air purification is with eliminating peculiar smell machine
CN111237898A (en) * 2020-01-09 2020-06-05 青岛哈船道一科技有限公司 Device for prolonging survival time of negative oxygen ions by using oxygen

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CN107366972A (en) * 2017-08-31 2017-11-21 成都恒力达科技有限公司 A kind of multi-staged air purifying processing device
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CN106839142A (en) * 2016-12-28 2017-06-13 阚剑锋 A kind of energy-saving air water wash system
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