CN108120617B - A kind of cam-type sampler of contaminated soil - Google Patents

A kind of cam-type sampler of contaminated soil Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108120617B
CN108120617B CN201711361618.0A CN201711361618A CN108120617B CN 108120617 B CN108120617 B CN 108120617B CN 201711361618 A CN201711361618 A CN 201711361618A CN 108120617 B CN108120617 B CN 108120617B
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rod
sampling
fixed
sampler barrel
sampler
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CN108120617A (en
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袁加衡
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SHANDONG WUZHOU DETECTION Co.,Ltd.
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袁加衡
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    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01NINVESTIGATING OR ANALYSING MATERIALS BY DETERMINING THEIR CHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROPERTIES
    • G01N1/00Sampling; Preparing specimens for investigation
    • G01N1/02Devices for withdrawing samples
    • G01N1/04Devices for withdrawing samples in the solid state, e.g. by cutting
    • G01N1/08Devices for withdrawing samples in the solid state, e.g. by cutting involving an extracting tool, e.g. core bit

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  • Physics & Mathematics (AREA)
  • Health & Medical Sciences (AREA)
  • Life Sciences & Earth Sciences (AREA)
  • Chemical & Material Sciences (AREA)
  • Analytical Chemistry (AREA)
  • Biochemistry (AREA)
  • General Health & Medical Sciences (AREA)
  • General Physics & Mathematics (AREA)
  • Immunology (AREA)
  • Pathology (AREA)
  • Sampling And Sample Adjustment (AREA)
  • Investigation Of Foundation Soil And Reinforcement Of Foundation Soil By Compacting Or Drainage (AREA)

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of cam-type samplers of contaminated soil, including drill bit, including drill bit, the drill bit is fixed on drilling rod bottom, the outer wall of drilling rod is equipped with screw blade, the fixed thief rod in the top of drilling rod, the top two sides of thief rod are equipped with rotating handrail bar, it is equipped at the top of thief rod and adjusts ring, the bottom for adjusting ring is equipped with rotating handrail bar, rotating handrail bar is threaded through in rotating hole, sampling cabinet is arranged in thief rod bottom, the bottom end of swingle is fixed on the left end of connecting rod, the fixed drive rod in right end bottom of connecting rod, drive rod and the fixed sampler barrel of support rod, collecting chamber is equipped with inside sampler barrel, the barrel of sampler barrel is equipped with sampling shovel, the bottom of sampling shovel is equipped with shovel mouth, the bottom left position of sampler barrel is screwed cover, sampling opening is offered on the sampling cabinet side wall of sampler barrel horizontal position;The present invention can use cam-type rotation sampler barrel to being acquired and collect to soil.

Description

A kind of cam-type sampler of contaminated soil
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of soil sample apparatus field, the cam-type samplers of specifically a kind of contaminated soil.
Background technique
Soil pollution at present becomes more serious, and land forming becomes an important environmentally friendly subject under discussion, to Polluted Soil Before earth processing, it is necessary first to which the distribution situation for carrying out sampling analysis contaminated soil layer to the soil sample of pollution often uses here To soil sampling apparatus.
Current soil sample sampler is highly susceptible to the Influence To Soil that soil hole is fallen in the soil sample of sampling, thus Will cause sampling inaccuracy, can not precise measurement contaminated soil layer depth and specific distribution situation, moreover, sampling in soil Earth is easy to fall in upward withdraw, it would therefore be desirable to which a kind of can collect anti-tampering accurate sampling dress to soil sample It sets.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of the present invention is to provide a kind of cam-type samplers of contaminated soil, to solve in above-mentioned background technique The problem of proposition.
To achieve the above object, the invention provides the following technical scheme:
A kind of cam-type sampler of contaminated soil, including drill bit, drilling rod, screw blade, thief rod, rotating handrail Bar adjusts ring, caging bolt, limit hole, swingle, rotating hole, sampling cabinet, connecting rod, drive rod, sampler barrel, sampling shovel, receipts Collect chamber, shovel mouth, drain spout, cover, spring bearing, support rod, sampling opening, rod aperture, the drill bit is fixed on drilling rod bottom, institute The outer wall for stating drilling rod is equipped with screw blade, and the top two sides of the fixed thief rod in the top of the drilling rod, the thief rod are set There is rotating handrail bar, be equipped at the top of thief rod and adjust ring, the two sides screw thread for adjusting ring is equipped with caging bolt, the limit Stud base passes through adjusting ring and is fixed on limit hole, and the top surface two sides of thief rod are arranged in the limit hole, the adjusting ring Bottom centre position is fixed with swingle, and the swingle is threaded through in rotating hole, and the rotating hole is vertically arranged in swingle Center, the bottom of the swingle pass through rod aperture and protrude into sampling cabinet, and the sampling cabinet setting is described in thief rod bottom Rod aperture is provided with the top of sampling cabinet, and the bottom end of the swingle is fixed on the left end of connecting rod, and the connecting rod is horizontally disposed Inside sampling cabinet, the fixed drive rod in right end bottom of the connecting rod, the drive rod bottom is fixed on the top of sampler barrel The right edge in face, the fixed support rod in bottom right edge of the sampler barrel, the support rod lower rotation are fixed on branch It supports in bearing, the spring bearing is arranged on the right side bottom surface of sampling cabinet, and collecting chamber, the sampler barrel are equipped with inside sampler barrel Barrel on circle distribution be provided with multiple drain spouts, at the top of the drain spout surrounding is fixed with sampling shovel, the sampling shovel Bottom be equipped with shovel mouth, the shovel mouth is interconnected by drain spout and collecting chamber, the bottom left position spiral shell of the sampler barrel Line fixed cover offers sampling opening on the sampling cabinet side wall of the sampler barrel horizontal position.
As a further solution of the present invention: stating drill bit is conical metal head.
As further scheme of the invention: the drilling rod is cylindrical metal stick.
As further scheme of the invention: the screw blade is the upward steel disc of spiral.
As further scheme of the invention: the side wall for adjusting ring is equipped with anti-skidding groove.
As further scheme of the invention: the limit hole sets internal thread cylindrical hole to be interior.
As further scheme of the invention: the sampling opening is that opening angle is greater than the circular ring shape opening spent.
Compared with prior art, the beneficial effects of the present invention are: the present invention is led to using the sampling shovel that can be rotated and withdraw It crosses and cuts out the soil of soil hole side wall to complete sampling action, the soil of sampling is scraped down from the side wall of soil horizon, sample The influence that the soil sample fallen during bit bore generates is not will receive, moreover, the soil of acquisition is taken in collecting chamber automatically It places, should not be scattered in removal process or by other soil interference effects, substantially increase the accuracy of sampling.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is the structural schematic diagram of the cam-type sampler of contaminated soil.
Fig. 2 is the structural schematic diagram of A in the cam-type sampler of contaminated soil.
Fig. 3 is the structural schematic diagram of sampling cabinet in the cam-type sampler of contaminated soil.
Fig. 4 is the structural schematic diagram of sampler barrel in the cam-type sampler of contaminated soil.
Fig. 5 is the structural schematic diagram of B in the cam-type sampler of contaminated soil.
Fig. 6 is the structural schematic diagram of B right view in the cam-type sampler of contaminated soil.
The structural schematic diagram of sampler barrel when Fig. 7 is the cam-type sampler sampling of contaminated soil.
In figure: drill bit 1, screw blade 3, thief rod 4, rotating handrail bar 5, adjusts ring 6, caging bolt 7, limit at drilling rod 2 Hole 8, swingle 9, rotating hole 10, sampling cabinet 11, connecting rod 12, drive rod 13, sampler barrel 14, sampling shovel 15, collecting chamber 16, shovel Mouth 17, drain spout 18, cover 19, spring bearing 20, support rod 21, sampling opening 22, rod aperture 23.
Specific embodiment
Following will be combined with the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and technical solution in the embodiment of the present invention carries out clear, complete Site preparation description, it is clear that described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, instead of all the embodiments.It is based on Embodiment in the present invention, it is obtained by those of ordinary skill in the art without making creative efforts every other Embodiment shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
Please refer to Fig. 1~7, in the embodiment of the present invention, a kind of cam-type sampler of contaminated soil, including drill bit 1, bore Bar 2, screw blade 3, thief rod 4, rotating handrail bar 5, adjust ring 6, caging bolt 7, limit hole 8, swingle 9, rotating hole 10, Sampling cabinet 11, connecting rod 12, drive rod 13, sampler barrel 14, sampling shovel 15, collecting chamber 16, shovel mouth 17, drain spout 18, cover 19, Spring bearing 20, support rod 21, sampling opening 22, rod aperture 23, the drill bit 1 are fixed on 2 bottom of drilling rod, and the drill bit 2 is circle Cone-shaped metal head, the drilling rod 2 are cylindrical metal stick, and the outer wall of the drilling rod 2 is equipped with screw blade 3, the screw blade 3 For the upward steel disc of spiral, the fixed thief rod 4 in the top of the drilling rod 2, the top two sides of the thief rod 4 are equipped with rotation and help Hand lever 5 is equipped at the top of thief rod 4 and adjusts ring 6, and the side wall for adjusting ring 6 is equipped with anti-skidding groove, the two sides for adjusting ring 6 Screw thread is equipped with caging bolt 7, and 7 bottom of caging bolt passes through adjusting ring 6 and is fixed on limit hole 8, and the limit hole 8 is interior If internal thread cylindrical hole, the top surface two sides of thief rod 4, the bottom centre position for adjusting ring 6 is arranged in the limit hole 8 It sets and is fixed with swingle 9, the swingle 9 is threaded through in rotating hole 10, and the rotating hole 10 is vertically arranged in 9 center of swingle Position, the bottom of the swingle 9 pass through rod aperture 23 and protrude into sampling cabinet 11, and the sampling cabinet 11 is arranged in 4 bottom of thief rod, The rod aperture 23 is provided with the top of sampling cabinet 11, and the bottom end of the swingle 9 is fixed on the left end of connecting rod 12, the connection Bar 12 is horizontally set on inside sampling cabinet 11, the fixed drive rod 13 in the right end bottom of the connecting rod 12, the drive rod 13 Bottom is fixed on the right edge of the top surface of sampler barrel 14, the fixed support rod 21 in the bottom right edge of the sampler barrel 14, 21 lower rotation of support rod is fixed in spring bearing 20, and the right side bottom surface of sampling cabinet 11 is arranged in the spring bearing 20 On, collecting chamber 16 is equipped with inside sampler barrel 14, circle distribution is provided with multiple drain spouts 18 on the barrel of the sampler barrel 14, The 18 top surrounding of drain spout is fixed with sampling shovel 15, and the bottom of the sampling shovel 15 is equipped with shovel mouth 17, and the shovel mouth 17 is logical It crosses drain spout 18 and collecting chamber 16 to be interconnected, the bottom left position of the sampler barrel 14 is screwed cover 19, described Sampling opening 22 is offered on 11 side wall of sampling cabinet of 14 horizontal position of sampler barrel, the sampling opening 22 is greater than for opening angle The circular ring shape of 180 degree is open.
The working principle of the invention is: when sampling to contaminated soil, pressing in soil first with drill bit 1 and turns to take one A hole, then both hands buttress 5 rotary drill bit 1 of rotating handrail bar, and drill bit shaft 2 and thief rod 4 are all pierced to the soil of appropriate depth In earth layer, then, rotating adjustment ring 6 adjusts ring 6 and swingle 9 is driven to rotate, and swingle 9 drives drive rod 13 to rotate, due to taking 14 bias of sample cylinder is fixed on support rod 21 and drive rod 13, and therefore, sampler barrel 14 will be with the rotating manner of cam-type, by taking The rotation of sample mouth 22 comes out, and returns in sampling cabinet 11 after one circle of the rotation of support rod 21, when sampler barrel 14 turns to sampling cabinet When 11 outside, the sampling shovel 15 on 14 surface of sampler barrel will can rotate the soil on scraping making holes in soil inner wall, and soil sample is by shoveling Mouth 17 is held by drain spout 18 into collecting chamber 16, after sampling, can be produced sampler barrel 14, then be opened cover 19, take out soil sample, wherein when soil layer is harder, it is difficult to, will when rotating the scraping sampling of sampling shovel 15 by adjusting ring 6 It adjusts ring 6 to be fixed in limit hole 8 by caging bolt 7, then both hands help rotating handrail bar 5 to rotate clockwise to take soil Earth sample.
It is obvious to a person skilled in the art that invention is not limited to the details of the above exemplary embodiments, Er Qie In the case where without departing substantially from spirit or essential attributes of the invention, the present invention can be realized in other specific forms.Therefore, no matter From the point of view of which point, the present embodiments are to be considered as illustrative and not restrictive, and the scope of the present invention is by appended power Benefit requires rather than above description limits, it is intended that all by what is fallen within the meaning and scope of the equivalent elements of the claims Variation is included within the present invention.Any reference signs in the claims should not be construed as limiting the involved claims.
In addition, it should be understood that although this specification is described in terms of embodiments, but not each embodiment is only wrapped Containing an independent technical solution, this description of the specification is merely for the sake of clarity, and those skilled in the art should It considers the specification as a whole, the technical solutions in the various embodiments may also be suitably combined, forms those skilled in the art The other embodiments being understood that.

Claims (5)

1. a kind of cam-type sampler of contaminated soil, including drill bit (1), drilling rod (2), screw blade (3), thief rod (4), Rotating handrail bar (5) adjusts ring (6), caging bolt (7), limit hole (8), swingle (9), rotating hole (10), sampling cabinet (11), connecting rod (12), drive rod (13), sampler barrel (14), sampling shovel (15), collecting chamber (16), shovel mouth (17), drain spout (18), cover (19), spring bearing (20), support rod (21), sampling opening (22), rod aperture (23), which is characterized in that the brill Head (1) is fixed on drilling rod (2) bottom, and the outer wall of the drilling rod (2) is equipped with screw blade (3), and the top of the drilling rod (2) is solid Determine thief rod (4), the top two sides of the thief rod (4) are equipped with rotating handrail bar (5), are equipped with and adjust at the top of thief rod (4) Ring (6), the two sides screw thread for adjusting ring (6) are equipped with caging bolt (7), and caging bolt (7) bottom, which passes through, adjusts ring (6) it is fixed on limit hole (8), limit hole (8) setting is in the top surface two sides of thief rod (4), the bottom for adjusting ring (6) Center is fixed with swingle (9), and the swingle (9) is threaded through in rotating hole (10), and the swingle (9) is vertically arranged In rotating hole (10) center, the bottom of the swingle (9) passes through rod aperture (23) and protrudes into sampling cabinet (11), described to take Sample case (11) is arranged in thief rod (4) bottom, and the rod aperture (23) is provided with the top of sampling cabinet (11), the swingle (9) Bottom end be fixed on the left ends of connecting rod (12), it is internal that the connecting rod (12) is horizontally set on sampling cabinet (11), the connection The fixed drive rod in right end bottom (13) of bar (12), drive rod (13) bottom are fixed on the right side of the top surface of sampler barrel (14) Side edge, the fixed support rod in bottom right edge (21) of the sampler barrel (14), support rod (21) lower rotation are solid It is scheduled in spring bearing (20), the spring bearing (20) is arranged on the right side bottom surface of sampling cabinet (11), in sampler barrel (14) Portion is equipped with collecting chamber (16), and circle distribution is provided with multiple drain spouts (18) on the barrel of the sampler barrel (14), Mei Gesuo It states and is respectively and fixedly provided with a sampling shovel (15) at the top of drain spout (18), the bottom of the sampling shovel (15) is equipped with shovel mouth (17), described It shovels mouth (17) to be interconnected by drain spout (18) and collecting chamber (16), the bottom left position screw thread of the sampler barrel (14) is solid Determine cover (19), sampling opening (22) is offered on sampling cabinet (11) side wall of sampler barrel (14) horizontal position;It is described Drill bit (1) is conical metal head;The drilling rod (2) is cylindrical metal stick.
2. the cam-type sampler of contaminated soil according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the screw blade (3) For the upward steel disc of spiral.
3. the cam-type sampler of contaminated soil according to claim 1, which is characterized in that adjusting ring (6) Side wall is equipped with anti-skidding groove.
4. the cam-type sampler of contaminated soil according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the limit hole (8) is Inside set internal thread cylindrical hole.
5. the cam-type sampler of contaminated soil according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the sampling is open (22) The circular ring shape for being greater than 180 degree for opening angle is open.
CN201711361618.0A 2017-12-18 2017-12-18 A kind of cam-type sampler of contaminated soil Active CN108120617B (en)

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CN108120617B true CN108120617B (en) 2019-11-29

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CN109163927A (en) * 2018-11-12 2019-01-08 河北成运环保设备有限公司 A kind of soil sample collector containing Polychlorinated biphenyls
CN110295898B (en) * 2019-05-13 2023-07-21 河北华泰科诺新能源开发股份有限公司 Geothermal detection equipment
CN110208036A (en) * 2019-07-11 2019-09-06 吉林工程技术师范学院 A kind of mining detection sampler
CN110763505B (en) * 2019-09-16 2022-09-27 金晨辉 Soil remediation layering bull sampling device
CN110567759B (en) * 2019-09-30 2022-06-14 安徽金联地矿科技有限公司 Soil layered water sample collecting device and method thereof
CN110823632A (en) * 2019-12-11 2020-02-21 甘肃蓝碧青环保科技有限公司 Sampling device for soil treatment
CN111366404A (en) * 2020-04-08 2020-07-03 河北工程大学 Geological content drilling type sampling device for geological mapping exploitation
CN112326294B (en) * 2020-09-23 2022-11-08 广东煜祺检测股份有限公司 Quick soil sampling device
CN112855132B (en) * 2021-01-22 2023-01-17 宋美萍 Based on sampling device for automatic mechanical drilling
CN113295453B (en) * 2021-04-27 2022-11-11 中交华南勘察测绘科技有限公司 Soil sampling device and sampling method
CN113740099B (en) * 2021-09-03 2022-03-25 中国科学院空间应用工程与技术中心 While-drilling lateral sampling mechanism based on curved surface unfolding mechanism

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5289727A (en) * 1990-11-16 1994-03-01 Eastman Kodak Company Bulk material sampling device
CN105928740A (en) * 2016-06-30 2016-09-07 长安大学 Undisturbed soil sampler and sampling method
CN106680023A (en) * 2016-12-23 2017-05-17 上海岩土工程勘察设计研究院有限公司 Pollution-isolating soil-sampling method
CN207649932U (en) * 2017-12-18 2018-07-24 四川国测检测技术有限公司 A kind of cam-type sampler of contaminated soil

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5289727A (en) * 1990-11-16 1994-03-01 Eastman Kodak Company Bulk material sampling device
CN105928740A (en) * 2016-06-30 2016-09-07 长安大学 Undisturbed soil sampler and sampling method
CN106680023A (en) * 2016-12-23 2017-05-17 上海岩土工程勘察设计研究院有限公司 Pollution-isolating soil-sampling method
CN207649932U (en) * 2017-12-18 2018-07-24 四川国测检测技术有限公司 A kind of cam-type sampler of contaminated soil

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Effective date of registration: 20210428

Address after: 273200 Shandong city of Jining province Surabaya County Office of Hong Si River Road Economic Development Zone No. 12

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