CN108111811A - A kind of UAV Communication system and communication means based on 5G network data communications - Google Patents

A kind of UAV Communication system and communication means based on 5G network data communications Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108111811A
CN108111811A CN201711355388.7A CN201711355388A CN108111811A CN 108111811 A CN108111811 A CN 108111811A CN 201711355388 A CN201711355388 A CN 201711355388A CN 108111811 A CN108111811 A CN 108111811A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
network
station
base stations
data
communication
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201711355388.7A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
叶茂林
陈秋婷
陈建伟
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Guangdong Rongqi Intelligent Technology Co Ltd
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Guangdong Rongqi Intelligent Technology Co Ltd
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Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Guangdong Rongqi Intelligent Technology Co Ltd filed Critical Guangdong Rongqi Intelligent Technology Co Ltd
Priority to CN201711355388.7A priority Critical patent/CN108111811A/en
Publication of CN108111811A publication Critical patent/CN108111811A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04NPICTORIAL COMMUNICATION, e.g. TELEVISION
    • H04N7/00Television systems
    • H04N7/18Closed circuit television systems, i.e. systems in which the signal is not broadcast
    • H04N7/183Closed circuit television systems, i.e. systems in which the signal is not broadcast for receiving images from a single remote source
    • H04N7/185Closed circuit television systems, i.e. systems in which the signal is not broadcast for receiving images from a single remote source from a mobile camera, e.g. for remote control
    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01SRADIO DIRECTION-FINDING; RADIO NAVIGATION; DETERMINING DISTANCE OR VELOCITY BY USE OF RADIO WAVES; LOCATING OR PRESENCE-DETECTING BY USE OF THE REFLECTION OR RERADIATION OF RADIO WAVES; ANALOGOUS ARRANGEMENTS USING OTHER WAVES
    • G01S19/00Satellite radio beacon positioning systems; Determining position, velocity or attitude using signals transmitted by such systems
    • G01S19/01Satellite radio beacon positioning systems transmitting time-stamped messages, e.g. GPS [Global Positioning System], GLONASS [Global Orbiting Navigation Satellite System] or GALILEO
    • G01S19/13Receivers
    • G01S19/14Receivers specially adapted for specific applications
    • GPHYSICS
    • G08SIGNALLING
    • G08CTRANSMISSION SYSTEMS FOR MEASURED VALUES, CONTROL OR SIMILAR SIGNALS
    • G08C17/00Arrangements for transmitting signals characterised by the use of a wireless electrical link
    • G08C17/02Arrangements for transmitting signals characterised by the use of a wireless electrical link using a radio link
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04BTRANSMISSION
    • H04B7/00Radio transmission systems, i.e. using radiation field
    • H04B7/02Diversity systems; Multi-antenna system, i.e. transmission or reception using multiple antennas
    • H04B7/04Diversity systems; Multi-antenna system, i.e. transmission or reception using multiple antennas using two or more spaced independent antennas
    • H04B7/0413MIMO systems
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04BTRANSMISSION
    • H04B7/00Radio transmission systems, i.e. using radiation field
    • H04B7/14Relay systems
    • H04B7/15Active relay systems
    • H04B7/185Space-based or airborne stations; Stations for satellite systems
    • H04B7/18502Airborne stations
    • H04B7/18506Communications with or from aircraft, i.e. aeronautical mobile service
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04WWIRELESS COMMUNICATION NETWORKS
    • H04W64/00Locating users or terminals or network equipment for network management purposes, e.g. mobility management

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of UAV Communication systems and communication means based on 5G network data communications, it is related to UAV Communication technical field, including unmanned plane, earth station, remote control station, the 5G network terminals, 5G base stations, antenna for base station and differential GPS, the unmanned plane includes flight control system, mission payload system and data transmission system, and the 5G base stations include multichannel multidimensional Anneta module, low time delay technical finesse module and high position precision processing module.The technical optimization method that the present invention passes through the multichannel multidimensional Anneta module of 5G networks, low time delay technical finesse module and high position precision processing module, traffic rate is promoted to 40Mbps and covering surface, the very big network delay that reduces to 20ms, positioning accuracy is promoted to Centimeter Level, the problems such as current 4G networks can not meet high definition figure biography, time delay, positioning accuracy and covering spatial domain is solved, while meets the requirement that unmanned plane closely controls (earth station) and remote control (control station/command centre) in real time in real time.

Description

A kind of UAV Communication system and communication means based on 5G network data communications
Technical field
The present invention relates to UAV Communication technical field, more particularly to a kind of unmanned plane based on 5G network data communications leads to Letter system and communication means.
Background technology
In recent years, unmanned plane is widely used in taking photo by plane, electric power, disappear with its low cost, high flexibility and the features such as security The multiple fields such as anti-, agricultural, exploration and rescue, however, different application fields and application scenarios are to Communication Network for UAVS There are different demands.Usually, the data transmission distance of unmanned plane and earth station is above subject to generally in 2~20km in application Considerable restraint, unmanned plane at this stage is at a distance mainly using the transmission of 4G networks progress data and image.4G networks are in rate Aspect can meet control instruction transmission and the image transmitting demand of 720p, but can not meet image (such as 4k) the transmission speed of more high definition Rate requirement;In terms of positioning, existing 4G networks are about tens meters in spatial domain positioning accuracy, in some needs more high position precisions Application aspect such as unmanned plane charging, garden dispatching etc., which must take into consideration increase base station auxiliary, to be realized;In terms of spatial domain is covered, 4G networks can only also cover the range applications below 120 meters of spatial domain, and at 120 meters or more, unmanned plane is susceptible to lost contact status, It is difficult to meet some high-altitudes using the mapping of such as high-altitude, main line logistics.Therefore, current 4G networks cannot increasingly meet The demand application of unmanned plane remote data communication.
Chinese Patent Application No. discloses a kind of unmanned plane inspection system based on 4G networks for 201410531752.0, main Will by mainly by unmanned plane Isosorbide-5-Nitrae G network base stations 2, server 3,4G terminals 4 and control software are formed, wherein, 4G terminals 4 are PC Machine, tablet computer or 4G cell phone, software are GPS or generalized information system.Server 3 is configured to the CPU of Intel Intel Core i5s 4570, Asus The mainboard of B85-PROGAMER, the memory of the firm 8GBDDR31600 of prestige, Seagate Desktop1TB7200 turn the hybrid hard disk of 8GB, and seven The video card of rainbow iGame750 roaring flame gods of war U-Twin-1GD5.The line walking scope of the invention is limited be subject to 4G networks.
Chinese Patent Application No. discloses a kind of medical first aid based on 3G/4G networks for 201410531752.0 UAV system, including six rotor wing unmanned aerial vehicle bodies, first-aid kit and unmanned aerial vehicle station, wherein, on six rotor wing unmanned aerial vehicle bodies First-aid kit is provided with, six rotor wing unmanned aerial vehicle bodies communicate with unmanned aerial vehicle station;The operating radius of the invention unmanned plane equally by To the limitation of 3G/4G networks.
The content of the invention
It is an object of the invention to provide a kind of UAV Communication system and communication means based on 5G network data communications, To solve the above-mentioned multiple defects caused by the prior art.
A kind of UAV Communication system based on 5G network data communications, including unmanned plane, earth station, remote control station, The 5G network terminals, 5G base stations, antenna for base station and differential GPS, the unmanned plane include flight control system, mission payload system and Data transmission system, the 5G base stations include multichannel multidimensional Anneta module, low time delay technical finesse module and high position precision Processing module.
Preferably, the 5G network terminals and 5G base stations form the communication network of 5G data.
Preferably, the 5G network terminals are carried out by data transmission system and flight control system and mission payload system Communication.
Preferably, the 5G network terminals communicate with the data subsystem that earth station and remote control station are equipped with.
Preferably, the passage multidimensional Anneta module is the 64 passage 3D- using the wave beam adjustment capability for possessing vertical dimension MIMO base station antenna can reach the upstream rate of 40Mbps in 120m flying heights unmanned plane, meet the transmission of 4K HD videos Demand, for higher flying height by introducing low frequency up-link carrier, increasing ascending time slot ratio, private network covering and antenna The mode radiated upwards increases upstream rate.
Preferably, the low time delay technical finesse module makes 5G control plane time delays of eating dishes without rice or wine be reduced to 10ms by 100ms, eats dishes without rice or wine User plane time delay is reduced to 4ms by 10ms.
Preferably, the mixing of cellular network and differential GPS that the high position precision processing module is formed by 5G base stations Location technology reaches support to the other positioning accuracy of Centimeter Level.
A kind of communication means of the UAV Communication system based on 5G network data communications, comprises the following steps:
1) flight control system is whole by 5G networks gathered data control data and status data, mission payload system End is transferred to 5G base stations;
2) the 5G network terminals that the data received are passed through 5G network transmissions to earth station by 5G base stations;
3) data received are transferred to earth station and long-range control by the 5G network terminals of earth station by data subsystem System station;
4) control signal that earth station and remote control station are sent passes through the ground 5G network terminals, 5G base stations and unmanned plane 5G The network terminal is transferred to flight control system and mission payload system.
The advantage of the invention is that:Multichannel multidimensional Anneta module of the present invention by 5G networks, low time delay technical finesse The technical optimization method of module and high position precision processing module promotes traffic rate to 40Mbps and covering surface, greatly reduction Network delay promotes positioning accuracy to Centimeter Level, high definition figure biography, time delay, positioning can not be met by solving current 4G networks to 20ms The problems such as precision and covering spatial domain, while meet unmanned plane and closely control (earth station) and remote control (control in real time in real time Station/command centre processed) requirement.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the Data communication principle figure of the present invention.
Embodiment 1
To be easy to understand the technical means, the creative features, the aims and the efficiencies achieved by the present invention, with reference to Specific embodiment, the present invention is further explained.
A kind of UAV Communication system based on 5G network data communications, including unmanned plane, earth station, remote control station, The 5G network terminals, 5G base stations, antenna for base station and differential GPS, the unmanned plane include flight control system, mission payload system and Data transmission system, the 5G base stations include multichannel multidimensional Anneta module, low time delay technical finesse module and high position precision Processing module.
In the present embodiment, the 5G network terminals and 5G base stations form the communication network of 5G data.
In the present embodiment, the 5G network terminals pass through data transmission system and flight control system and mission payload system System communicates.
In the present embodiment, the data subsystem that the 5G network terminals are equipped with earth station and remote control station is led to Letter.
In the present embodiment, the passage multidimensional Anneta module is to lead to using the 64 of the wave beam adjustment capability for possessing vertical dimension Road 3D-MIMO antenna for base station can reach the upstream rate of 40Mbps in 120m flying heights unmanned plane, meet 4K HD videos The demand of transmission, for higher flying height by introduce low frequency up-link carrier, increase ascending time slot ratio, private network covering and The mode that antenna radiates upwards increases upstream rate.
A kind of method of work of the UAV Communication system based on 5G network data communications, comprises the following steps:
1) mission payload system is more the passage for collecting video data data by the 5G network terminals and being transferred to 5G base stations Tie up Anneta module;
2) video data received is arrived earth station by the passage multidimensional Anneta module of 5G base stations by 5G network transmissions The 5G network terminals;
3) video data received is transferred to earth station and remote by the 5G network terminals of earth station by data subsystem Process control station.
Embodiment 2
Other steps of the present embodiment as in the first embodiment, difference be in:
In the present embodiment, the low time delay technical finesse module makes 5G control plane time delays of eating dishes without rice or wine be reduced to by 100ms 10ms, user plane time delay of eating dishes without rice or wine are reduced to 4ms by 10ms.Entire 5G network delays meet unmanned plane and remotely grasp within 20ms Control requirement.Meet closely ground station control and remote control station/command centre's control requirement simultaneously.
In the present embodiment, the cellular network and differential GPS that the high position precision processing module is formed by 5G base stations Hybrid positioning technology, reach support to the other positioning accuracy of Centimeter Level, solve the positioning accuracy that 4G networks only support meter level, it is full The positioning accuracy requests such as sufficient unmanned plane automatic charging and agricultural mapping.
As known by the technical knowledge, the present invention can pass through the embodiment party of other essence without departing from its spirit or essential feature Case is realized.Therefore, embodiment disclosed above, all things considered are all merely illustrative, not the only.Institute Have within the scope of the present invention or be included in the invention in the change being equal in the scope of the present invention.

Claims (8)

1. a kind of UAV Communication system based on 5G network data communications, which is characterized in that including unmanned plane, earth station, remote Process control station, the 5G network terminals, 5G base stations, antenna for base station and differential GPS, the unmanned plane include flight control system, task Load system and data transmission system, the 5G base stations include multichannel multidimensional Anneta module, low time delay technical finesse module and High position precision processing module.
2. a kind of UAV Communication system based on 5G network data communications according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Institute It states the 5G network terminals and 5G base stations forms the communication network of 5G data.
3. a kind of UAV Communication system based on 5G network data communications according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Institute The 5G network terminals are stated to communicate with flight control system and mission payload system by data transmission system.
4. a kind of UAV Communication system based on 5G network data communications according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Institute It states the 5G network terminals and communicates with the data subsystem that earth station and remote control station are equipped with.
5. a kind of UAV Communication system based on 5G network data communications according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Institute It is the 64 passage 3D-MIMO antenna for base station for using the wave beam adjustment capability for possessing vertical dimension to state passage multidimensional Anneta module, 120m flying heights unmanned plane can reach the upstream rate of 40Mbps, meet the needs of 4K HD videos transmission, for higher Flying height introducing low frequency up-link carrier, increasing by way of ascending time slot ratio, private network covering and antenna radiate upwards Increase upstream rate.
6. a kind of UAV Communication system based on 5G network data communications according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Institute Stating low time delay technical finesse module makes 5G control plane time delays of eating dishes without rice or wine be reduced to 10ms by 100ms, and user plane time delay of eating dishes without rice or wine is by 10ms It is reduced to 4ms.
7. a kind of UAV Communication system based on 5G network data communications according to claim 6, it is characterised in that:Institute The hybrid positioning technology of cellular network that high position precision processing module formed by 5G base stations and differential GPS is stated, can reach branch Hold the other positioning accuracy of Centimeter Level.
8. a kind of communication of any one UAV Communication system based on 5G network data communications in 1-7 using claim Method, which is characterized in that comprise the following steps:
1) flight control system is passed control data and status data, mission payload system by the 5G network terminals gathered data It is defeated to arrive 5G base stations;
2) the 5G network terminals that the data received are passed through 5G network transmissions to earth station by 5G base stations;
3) data received are transferred to earth station and remote control station by the 5G network terminals of earth station by data subsystem;
4) control signal that earth station and remote control station are sent passes through the ground 5G network terminals, 5G base stations and unmanned plane 5G networks Terminal transmission is to flight control system and mission payload system.
CN201711355388.7A 2017-12-16 2017-12-16 A kind of UAV Communication system and communication means based on 5G network data communications Pending CN108111811A (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (12)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108848465A (en) * 2018-08-15 2018-11-20 中国人民解放军陆军工程大学 A kind of unmanned plane during flying track of data-oriented distribution and scheduling of resource combined optimization method
CN110417455A (en) * 2019-07-23 2019-11-05 安徽蓝煜电子科技有限公司 One kind being based on 5G communication base station UAV Intelligent cruise system
CN111586358A (en) * 2020-05-09 2020-08-25 东华大学 Sea surface video compression sensing method based on 5G transmission and improved residual error neural network
CN111912298A (en) * 2020-06-30 2020-11-10 日照幕天飞行器开发有限公司 Intelligent anti-swarm unmanned aerial vehicle method based on 5G network
CN111970470A (en) * 2020-06-18 2020-11-20 河北弘通通信有限公司 Intelligent competition platform
CN112134613A (en) * 2020-09-23 2020-12-25 广东工业大学 Industrial communication system and communication method of unmanned aerial vehicle
CN112362677A (en) * 2020-11-27 2021-02-12 上海工程技术大学 A real-time transmission system of 5G image for unmanned aerial vehicle detects aircraft surface defect
CN112435454A (en) * 2020-11-03 2021-03-02 北京京东乾石科技有限公司 Unmanned aerial vehicle system, unmanned aerial vehicle control method, device, equipment and medium
CN112804670A (en) * 2020-12-30 2021-05-14 深圳市微网力合信息技术有限公司 Communication method and communication equipment based on 5G and Wi-Fi6
WO2021114839A1 (en) * 2019-12-10 2021-06-17 中移(成都)信息通信科技有限公司 Resource allocation method and device, apparatus, and storage medium
CN113037362A (en) * 2021-05-14 2021-06-25 中国民航大学 CPDLC communication method based on 5G
CN113206967A (en) * 2021-03-31 2021-08-03 西安羚控电子科技有限公司 Unmanned aerial vehicle high-definition video data transmission system and method based on 5G network

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CN107132852A (en) * 2017-03-31 2017-09-05 西安戴森电子技术有限公司 A kind of unmanned plane supervision cloud platform based on Big Dipper geography fence Differential positioning module
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CN107431502A (en) * 2015-04-10 2017-12-01 高通股份有限公司 Narrow band transmission/reception while in enhanced machine type communication
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Cited By (13)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108848465A (en) * 2018-08-15 2018-11-20 中国人民解放军陆军工程大学 A kind of unmanned plane during flying track of data-oriented distribution and scheduling of resource combined optimization method
CN108848465B (en) * 2018-08-15 2020-10-30 中国人民解放军陆军工程大学 Unmanned aerial vehicle flight trajectory and resource scheduling joint optimization method oriented to data distribution
CN110417455A (en) * 2019-07-23 2019-11-05 安徽蓝煜电子科技有限公司 One kind being based on 5G communication base station UAV Intelligent cruise system
WO2021114839A1 (en) * 2019-12-10 2021-06-17 中移(成都)信息通信科技有限公司 Resource allocation method and device, apparatus, and storage medium
CN111586358A (en) * 2020-05-09 2020-08-25 东华大学 Sea surface video compression sensing method based on 5G transmission and improved residual error neural network
CN111970470A (en) * 2020-06-18 2020-11-20 河北弘通通信有限公司 Intelligent competition platform
CN111912298A (en) * 2020-06-30 2020-11-10 日照幕天飞行器开发有限公司 Intelligent anti-swarm unmanned aerial vehicle method based on 5G network
CN112134613A (en) * 2020-09-23 2020-12-25 广东工业大学 Industrial communication system and communication method of unmanned aerial vehicle
CN112435454A (en) * 2020-11-03 2021-03-02 北京京东乾石科技有限公司 Unmanned aerial vehicle system, unmanned aerial vehicle control method, device, equipment and medium
CN112362677A (en) * 2020-11-27 2021-02-12 上海工程技术大学 A real-time transmission system of 5G image for unmanned aerial vehicle detects aircraft surface defect
CN112804670A (en) * 2020-12-30 2021-05-14 深圳市微网力合信息技术有限公司 Communication method and communication equipment based on 5G and Wi-Fi6
CN113206967A (en) * 2021-03-31 2021-08-03 西安羚控电子科技有限公司 Unmanned aerial vehicle high-definition video data transmission system and method based on 5G network
CN113037362A (en) * 2021-05-14 2021-06-25 中国民航大学 CPDLC communication method based on 5G

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Application publication date: 20180601