Reading intelligent agriculture Soil Moisture Monitoring system based on Internet of Things
The present invention relates to agriculture feelings monitoring technical field, more specifically, it relates to a kind of reading intelligent agriculture based on Internet of Things
Soil Moisture Monitoring system.
Process of the agricultural product from farmland to dining table be subject to surrounding enviroment for example temperature, humidity, etc. environmental factors influenced very
Seriously, and these factors finally influence whether the quality and price of agricultural product, to the environmental quality monitoring of production process especially
It is important.
Under prior art conditions, small-scale plantation is still rested on to the monitoring of agricultural product, and grower is to respective
The monitoring of kind plant can't accomplish high-precision, therefore government is difficult that the planting link of all kinds of local plants is supervised
It surveys, plan as a whole, the reading intelligent agriculture process of modernization is still made slow progress in China.
The content of the invention
In view of the deficiencies of the prior art, the present invention intends to provide a kind of reading intelligent agriculture moisture in the soil based on Internet of Things
Feelings monitor system, which can realize the accurate measurements of the production link to extensive crop-planting, realize agricultural production intelligence
Energyization manages and to provide data supporting during manager's decision-making.
To achieve the above object, the present invention provides following technical solutions：
A kind of reading intelligent agriculture Soil Moisture Monitoring system based on Internet of Things, including：
Site Detection terminal, the wireless communication module and GPS moulds being connected including MCU main control modules, with MCU main control modules
Block, further includes and power module, carries the interface of external sensor；
Temperature sensor is connected with Site Detection terminal, for collecting temperature data；
Humidity sensor is connected with Site Detection terminal, for gathering humidity data；
Illuminance sensor is connected with Site Detection terminal, for gathering illumination degrees of data；
Carbon dioxide sensor is connected with Site Detection terminal, for gathering dense carbon dioxide degrees of data；
Soil Moisture Monitoring big data platform for receiving the detection data of Site Detection terminal upload, and is analyzed data, is counted
Calculation draws agriculture feelings information；
Terminal is received, is connected with Soil Moisture Monitoring big data Platform communication, for receiving and showing agriculture feelings information.
Preferably：The alcohol sensor being connected with Site Detection terminal is further included, the alcohol sensor is set
With in the soil of crop root part.
Preferably：Insect pest detection terminal is further included, the insect pest detection terminal includes stent, set on the stent
It is equipped with and catches moth lamp, described catch is provided with water container below moth lamp, and discharge electrode and micro-vibration are provided in the water container
Sensor, the vibrative sensor connect Site Detection terminal.
Preferably：The insect pest detection terminal, which is further included, with stent fixes and is located at the rain cover caught above moth lamp
Preferably：Further include data collection station and monitoring host, the data collection station and Site Detection
Terminal communicates to connect, for receiving the detection data that each Site Detection terminal collects；
Monitoring host and the data collection station communicate to connect, for receiving detection data of data collection station transmission and right
Detection data are recorded and analyzed.
Preferably：The temperature sensor includes air temperature sensor and soil temperature sensor.
Preferably：The humidity sensor includes air humidity sensor and soil humidity sensor.
Preferably：The wireless communication module includes Internet of Things cartoon letters module, WIFI module and bluetooth module.
Preferably：The power module is ups power, further includes the solar cell being connected with ups power
Preferably：Alarm terminal is further included, the alarm terminal is connected with the monitoring main-machine communication.
Compared with prior art, it is an advantage of the invention that：The monitoring system is based on Geographic mapping, to each plot
Environmental information, soil information, insect pest information of the plantation of crops etc. are accurately gathered, and the information collected is sent to intelligence
Big data platform can be analyzed, big data analysis platform is by calculating, analysis draws agriculture soil moisture information, can be real using the system
Agricultural production link precisely monitoring and intelligent management are realized in existing regional or even nationwide agriculture feelings monitoring, allow manager and
When grasp abnormal conditions, advantageously reduce the loss economic loss that accident is brought especially.And can be the governments such as agricultural, environmental protection
Department formulates agricultural, environmental protection policy provides authentic data.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the topological diagram of monitoring system；
Fig. 2 is data collection station and the circuit diagram of Site Detection terminal；
Fig. 3 is the structure diagram of insect pest detection terminal.
Reference sign:1st, stent；2nd, water container；3rd, moth lamp is caught；4th, rain visor；5th, vibrative sensor；6th, put
With reference to Fig. 1, a kind of reading intelligent agriculture Soil Moisture Monitoring system based on Internet of Things is adopted including Site Detection terminal, data
Collect terminal monitoring host and alarm.
Site Detection terminal is arranged on proportion of crop planting scene, and with reference to Fig. 2, Site Detection terminal includes the first MCU module,
Further include the sensor interface module being connected with the first MCU module, RS485 communication modules, Internet of Things cartoon letters module, GPS module,
WIFI module and bluetooth module, Site Detection terminal further include power module, power module using ups power,
Proportion of crop planting scene is also equiped with solar panel, the accumulator connection of solar panel and ups power.Site Detection
Terminal can establish WIFI with host computer and be connected or bluetooth connection, the information that will be collected by WIFI network or blueteeth network
It is sent to host computer.
It also needs to set various sensors at proportion of crop planting scene, as shown in Figure 1, the sensor at scene includes being arranged at
Air temperature sensor, air humidity sensor, carbon dioxide sensor and illuminance sensor in air；It further includes and sets
Soil temperature sensor, soil humidity sensor and the alcohol sensor being placed in the root soil of crops, above-mentioned biography
Sensor is all connected with the sensor interface module of Site Detection terminal.
With reference to Fig. 3, insect pest detection terminal is additionally provided at plantation scene, insect pest detection terminal includes stent 1, between on
Water container 2 is fixed with, suitable water is housed in water container 2, is caught on stent 1 and positioned at 2 overhung of water container
Moth lamp 3 is provided with and 1 fixed rain visor 4 of stent in the top for catching moth lamp 3.Discharge electrode 6 is provided in water container 2
With vibrative sensor 5, discharge electrode 6 impregnates in water, and vibrative sensor 5 is arranged at the liquid level of water container 2.Electric discharge
Electrode 6 connects external high pressure power supply, catches moth lamp 3 and is controlled by intelligent lamp light controller, and intelligent lamp light controller control at dark is caught
Moth lamp 3 lights, and vibrative sensor 5 connects the sensor interface module of Site Detection terminal.
With reference to Fig. 2, data collection station includes the second MCU module, further includes the data acquisition being connected with the second MCU module
Module and Network Interface Module, further include power module.
The RS485 communication modules of Site Detection terminal and the data acquisition module of data collection station connect, data acquisition
The Network Interface Module of terminal is connected with monitoring host.
The operation principle of the monitoring system is as follows：
Air temperature sensor, air humidity sensor, carbon dioxide sensor and illuminance sensor respectively with Air Temperature
Degree, air humidity, gas concentration lwevel and ambient light illumination are detected and export detection signal, soil to Site Detection terminal
Earth temperature sensor, soil humidity sensor and alcohol sensor respectively in crop root part soil temperature, humidity with
And alcohol content（The root system of crops can generate alcohol when impregnating in water for a long time）It is detected and to Site Detection terminal
Output detection signal.
Insect pest detection terminal opens at night and catches moth lamp, attracts moth, and moth is catching to hover near moth lamp, flies after tiring out
Water container is fallen into, for moth when falling into water, the water surface evokes great waves, and vibrative sensor is so as to detecting the water surface
Vibration.It due to having discharge electrode in water container, falls into the water in a flash in moth, the low current that discharge electrode releases is high
Piezoelectricity shoots its moment dead, will not struggle in water, ensures that the fall into the water vibrational energy of generation of moth is accurately detected, and
It will not be disturbed be subject to vibration caused by struggling.Rain visor is provided with above moth lamp further, since catching, when rainy, rainwater
Water container will not be fallen into and generate vibration, so as to eliminate the interference of rainwater, ensure the accuracy of detection.Fall within the unit interval
Enter the insect pest situation in the quantitative response of the moth of the water container region.
Vibrative sensor detects that the backward Site Detection terminal of vibration sends vibration signal every time.
First MCU module is handled to obtain environment measuring information to the detection signal that sensor exports, and in setting
The vibration signal that vibrative sensor is sent is counted in time, so as to obtain insect pest information, while Site Detection terminal
It is positioned by GPS module, to obtain current geographic position.
Site Detection terminal is on the one hand direct by the environment measuring information, insect pest information and the geographical location information that collect
Soil moisture content is uploaded to by mobile communications network and detects big data platform, these information are then on the other hand sent to data acquisition end
By setting Site Detection terminal respectively in different plot and be equipped with above-mentioned sensor for it, can realize pair
The information gathering in multiple and different plot.The information concentration that each Site Detection terminal collects is sent to prison by data collection station
Host is surveyed, monitoring host is equipped with monitoring system, and monitoring system handles the information collected, so as to draw a region
Agriculture soil moisture information.When having environmental monitoring item or insect pest occurs exceeded, monitoring host computer control alarm sends alarm.It is real
Existing agricultural production link precisely monitors, and manager is allowed to grasp abnormal conditions in time, advantageously reduces the damage that accident is brought especially
Lose economic loss.
And Soil Moisture Monitoring big data platform can draw county, city, a province by calculating, the analysis to mass data
The even agriculture soil moisture information in the whole nation, agriculture soil moisture information can be by Agricultural enterprise, national formula group type agricultural science and technology enterprises
Industry, agriculture collective organization and agriculture responsible departments of the government, supervision department, environmental protection administration etc. come into operation, and are advantageously implemented agriculture
The scientic planting of modernization is realized in industry data sharing.By mobile phone terminal or PC ends, user can access Soil Moisture Monitoring big data
Platform obtains agriculture soil moisture content.
The above is only the preferred embodiment of the present invention, and protection scope of the present invention is not limited merely to above-mentioned implementation
Example, all technical solutions belonged under thinking of the present invention all belong to the scope of protection of the present invention.It should be pointed out that for the art
Those of ordinary skill for, several improvements and modifications without departing from the principles of the present invention, these improvements and modifications
It should be regarded as protection scope of the present invention.