CN108046118B - Suspender is used in a kind of maintenance of crane - Google Patents

Suspender is used in a kind of maintenance of crane Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108046118B
CN108046118B CN201711390615.XA CN201711390615A CN108046118B CN 108046118 B CN108046118 B CN 108046118B CN 201711390615 A CN201711390615 A CN 201711390615A CN 108046118 B CN108046118 B CN 108046118B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
bar
gripper jaw
rod
piston
support bar
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Active
Application number
CN201711390615.XA
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Chinese (zh)
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CN108046118A (en
Inventor
寇瑞东
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Xuzhou Tiancheng Intelligent Technology Co.,Ltd.
Original Assignee
Henan Giant Crane Group Ltd Chongqing Hi Tech Branch
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Application filed by Henan Giant Crane Group Ltd Chongqing Hi Tech Branch filed Critical Henan Giant Crane Group Ltd Chongqing Hi Tech Branch
Priority to CN201711390615.XA priority Critical patent/CN108046118B/en
Publication of CN108046118A publication Critical patent/CN108046118A/en
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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B66HOISTING; LIFTING; HAULING
    • B66CCRANES; LOAD-ENGAGING ELEMENTS OR DEVICES FOR CRANES, CAPSTANS, WINCHES, OR TACKLES
    • B66C1/00Load-engaging elements or devices attached to lifting or lowering gear of cranes or adapted for connection therewith for transmitting lifting forces to articles or groups of articles
    • B66C1/10Load-engaging elements or devices attached to lifting or lowering gear of cranes or adapted for connection therewith for transmitting lifting forces to articles or groups of articles by mechanical means
    • B66C1/22Rigid members, e.g. L-shaped members, with parts engaging the under surface of the loads; Crane hooks
    • B66C1/28Duplicate, e.g. pivoted, members engaging the loads from two sides

Abstract

The invention belongs to Slung-Load element or engineering device technique fields, specifically disclose a kind of crane maintenance suspender, including clamping device, Diao Sheng mechanism, Qiao Sheng mechanism, driving mechanism, the present apparatus enables components to be lifted to be levered up by Qiao Sheng mechanism, so that the components to be lifted levered up can be clamped mechanism clamping position easily, and then target position is moved to by Diao Sheng mechanism, clamping device and Qiao Sheng mechanism are driven by driving mechanism, it is an object of the invention to solve the problems, such as that suspender directly contacts with ground that cause suspender to wear big in the prior art.

Description

Suspender is used in a kind of maintenance of crane
Technical field
The invention belongs to Slung-Load element or engineering device technique fields, specifically disclose a kind of crane maintenance suspender.
Background technique
The components volume and weight of many large scale equipments is all far longer than common components, therefore to these zero When part repairs, after removing its connector, needs to be lifted by crane to ground and is safeguarded or repaired, It needs for components to be repaired to be fixedly connected with suspender in hoisting process, components can then be sling, this is just The process of maintenance increases one and is fixedly connected with step with suspender, so that maintenance efficiency reduces.
To solve the above problems, novel maintenance suspender occurs in the prior art, fixture is increased on suspender, is passed through Components are picked up and are lifted by fixture, just eliminate the step of being manually fixedly connected with suspender, improve maintenance efficiency.
But above-mentioned Novel sling generates friction with ground during clamping components, leads to suspender in lifting Abrasion it is big so that suspender depletion rate is fast, so that suspender replacement frequency improves, so that maintenance cost increases.
Summary of the invention
The invention discloses a kind of crane maintenance suspenders, it is intended that solution prior art suspender is directly contacted with ground leads The problem for causing clamp wear big.
The technical solution of the present invention is as follows: a kind of crane maintenance suspender, including clamping device, Diao Sheng mechanism, sled rise machine Structure, driving mechanism;
The clamping device includes the left gripper jaw and right gripper jaw being hinged, the left gripper jaw and right gripper jaw hinge The place of connecing is fixedly connected with Diao Sheng mechanism;
The driving mechanism includes the horizontally disposed cylinder barrel with below left gripper jaw and right gripper jaw hinged place, the cylinder barrel Interior to be equipped with left piston plate and right piston plate, left piston plate left end is equipped with left piston bar, and the right piston bar right end is equipped with the right side Left hook and right hook of the opening towards cylinder barrel are respectively equipped on piston rod, the left piston bar and right piston bar side wall;
The Qiao Sheng mechanism includes the left support bar and right support bar being fixedly connected with Diao Sheng mechanism, the left support bar and The right support bar other end has been respectively articulated with left ripping bar and right ripping bar, is respectively equipped with left sliding slot and the right side on the left ripping bar and right ripping bar Sliding slot slidably connects left connecting rod and right connecting rod, the left connecting rod and right connecting rod side wall in the left sliding slot and right rail respectively On be respectively equipped with the left groove and right groove for being caught in and skidding off for left hook and right hook, in the left connecting rod and right connecting rod side wall respectively It is hinged with left support frame and right support frame, the left support frame and right support frame are fixed with left support bar and right support bar respectively to be connected It connects, is respectively equipped with left reset spring and right reset spring between the left ripping bar and right ripping bar and left support bar and right support bar.
Technical principle and beneficial effect of the invention is:
1. the present apparatus is by setting clamping device, so that left and right piston plate is into cylinder barrel when extracting hydraulic oil in cylinder barrel out Heart line is mobile, so that left and right piston rod is mobile to cylinder barrel center line, to drive and left and right piston rod hingedly left and right Clamping limb is rotated to cylinder barrel center line, left and right gripper jaw to after cylinder barrel center line movement so that between left and right gripper jaw away from From diminution, the holding action of left and right gripper jaw is realized, complete the clamping to components and position.
2. the present apparatus is by setting Qiao Sheng mechanism, so that left and right piston plate drives left and right when cylinder barrel extracts hydraulic oil out Piston rod is to cylinder barrel center line movement, so that left hook and right hook be to cylinder barrel center line movement, so that left hook and You Gou It is respectively clamped into left groove and right groove, is rotated so that left and right hook strip moves left and right piston rod upper end to cylinder barrel center line, from And make left and right piston rod run-off the straight, so that left and right piston-rod lower end slides in left and right sliding slot respectively, while by left sled Bar and right ripping bar are lifted the effect realized and lever up components upwards.
3. since the present apparatus is provided with Qiao Sheng mechanism, so that when needing to lift components, by Qiao Sheng mechanism by zero Part, which levers up, then can be completed lifting by gripper jaw clamping, manually connect components with suspender without worker, simultaneously because sled Playing components is completed by ripping bar, and gripper jaw is not involved in the process levered up, so will not cause to wear to gripper jaw, due to this Left ripping bar and left support bar and left connecting rod are hinged in device, and right ripping bar and right support bar and right connecting rod are hinged, thus when discovery is left, When right ripping bar mill is serious, it is only necessary to which articulated position at two, which is carried out disassembly, to replace left and right ripping bar.
Further, the left ripping bar is equipped with idler wheel far from right gripper jaw one end far from left gripper jaw one end and right ripping bar. So that becoming rolling friction from sliding friction between left and right ripping bar and clamped components, reduces left and right ripping bar and levering up zero Frictional force when part, so that components are easier to be picked up.
Further, the dust-proof mechanism for blowing gripped object surface dirt off is additionally provided in the Qiao Sheng mechanism.By anti- Dirt mechanism to prevent the magazines such as the dust in air to be attached to component surface during lifting components to pollute.
Further, the dust-proof mechanism includes the left air cavity and right air cavity being respectively arranged in left support bar and right support bar, The left air cavity and right air cavity upper end are respectively communicated with and are fixedly connected with left cylinder and right cylinder, the piston of left cylinder and right cylinder Bar is fixedly connected with left gripper jaw outer wall and right gripper jaw outer wall respectively, and the left air cavity and right air cavity are towards cylinder barrel central axes one End is uniformly provided with stomata.Left and right cylinder is pushed when gripper jaw opens, so that gas is sprayed from left and right air cavity from along stomata, Realize the effect for preventing dust to be attached to component surface.
Further, the cylinder barrel is provided with oiler along symmetry axis, and the left piston plate and right piston plate are distributed in oiler Two sides.The movement for realizing clamping and the release of the present apparatus by the way that hydraulic oil is passed through and be sucked out from oiler.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is the schematic diagram of the embodiment of the present invention.
Specific embodiment
It is further described below by specific embodiment:
Appended drawing reference in Figure of description includes: Diao Sheng mechanism 1, right gripper jaw 2, right support bar 3, cylinder barrel 4, right piston Plate 5, right piston bar 6, right support frame 7, right ripping bar 8, idler wheel 9, right connecting rod 10, right rail 11, reset spring 12, right air cavity 13, Right cylinder 14, stomata 15, right hook 16.
Substantially a kind of crane is repaired with suspender embodiment as shown in Figure 1:, left gripper jaw and right folder including being in arc-shaped Pawl 2 is held, left gripper jaw and 2 upper end of right gripper jaw are hinged and hinged place is fixedly connected with Diao Sheng mechanism 1, left gripper jaw and the right side Be respectively articulated with left piston bar and right piston bar 6 in the opposite one side of gripper jaw 2, do piston rod and right piston bar 6 it is opposite one End slidably connects cylinder barrel 4, cylinder barrel 4 integrally formed with left piston plate and right piston plate 5, left piston plate and right piston plate 5 respectively Left piston plate and right piston plate 5 are sealed in inside, 1 side of Diao Sheng mechanism integrally formed with oiler, cylinder barrel 4 by upper side wall midpoint Arc-shaped left support bar and right support bar 3 are fixedly connected on wall, left support bar and 3 lower end of right support bar have been respectively articulated with a left side Ripping bar and right ripping bar 8, left ripping bar and 8 other end of right ripping bar are rotatably connected to idler wheel 9, open respectively on left ripping bar and right ripping bar 8 Have left sliding slot and right rail 11, slidably connect left connecting rod and right connecting rod 10 in left sliding slot and right rail 11 respectively, left connecting rod and 10 side wall of right connecting rod has been respectively articulated with left support frame and right support frame 7, and left and right support frame 7 is in " > " shape, left and right support frame 7 The opposite installation of tip, 7 liang of stabilizer blades of left and right support frame are welded with left support bar and right support bar 3 respectively, left connecting rod and right connecting rod 10 is hinged with the tip of left support frame and right support frame 7 respectively, in left connecting rod and right connecting rod 10 and left and right 7 hinge joint of support frame Be provided with groove on the side wall of side, groove open on the side far from cylinder barrel 4, left and right piston rod 6 with left and right groove sustained height Respectively integrally formed with left hook and right hook 16, left hook and right hook 16 are open towards cylinder barrel 4 for position, left support bar and left ripping bar it Between reset spring 12 is welded between right support bar 3 and right ripping bar 8, be respectively equipped with inside left support bar and right support bar 3 The one side of left air cavity and right air cavity 13, left air cavity and right air cavity 13 towards cylinder barrel 4 is uniformly provided with stomata 15, left air cavity and right air cavity 13 upper ends have been respectively communicated with left cylinder and right cylinder 14, and left cylinder and right cylinder 14 are welded with left support bar and right support bar 3 respectively It connects, the piston rod of left cylinder and right cylinder 14 sidewall weld with left gripper jaw and right gripper jaw 2 respectively.
When the specifically used present apparatus, first the components lifted will be needed to be placed in fixed pan, then control Diao Sheng mechanism 1 So that the present apparatus is moved to above components to be lifted and the opening between left ripping bar and right ripping bar 8 is aligned wait lift zero Part, then continue to control Diao Sheng mechanism 1 make present apparatus height drop to components to be lifted enter left ripping bar and right ripping bar 8 it Between opening, be then filled with hydraulic oil into cylinder barrel 4 from oiler so that left and right piston plate 5 is located remotely from each other so that it is left, Right piston bar 6 push gripper jaw open, due to the opening of left hook and right hook 16 towards cylinder barrel 4, left hook and right hook 16 with It not will push left and right connecting rods 10 when 10 upper-end contact of left and right connecting rods, since left and right gripper jaw 2 opens, left and right gripper jaw The distance between 2 and left and right support rod 3 reduce, so that left and right interior gas is respectively pressed by the piston rod of left and right cylinder 14 Component surface, which is sprayed to, in left and right air cavity 13 and from stomata 15 realizes dust-proof effect.
Then control Diao Sheng mechanism 1 drives the present apparatus to move downward, until the idler wheel 9 on left and right ripping bar 8 connects with ground Touching then extracts the hydraulic oil in cylinder barrel 4 out, so that left and right piston plate 5 is moved to 4 central axes of cylinder barrel, so that left and right Piston rod 6 pulls left and right gripper jaw 2 to start to be closed, in left and right piston rod 6 into 4 central axes moving process of cylinder barrel, due to a left side Hook and right hook 16, which are open, has left groove and You Gou towards cylinder body side separate in cylinder barrel 4 and left connecting rod and right connecting rod 10 Slot, therefore when left and right piston rod 6 drives left and right hook 16 mobile to cylinder barrel 4 respectively, left and right hook 16 can be respectively clamped into left and right Left and right connecting rods 10 are driven to rotate in groove rotating around with left and right 7 hinge of support frame, in 10 rotation process of left and right connecting rods, left, 10 lower end of right connecting rod is slided in left and right sliding slot 11 to far from 4 direction of cylinder barrel, so that left and right ripping bar 8 is lifted, while by It is fixedly connected, therefore will not be opened when the lifting of left and right ripping bar 8, and in left and right sled with Diao Sheng mechanism 1 in left and right support rod 3 Bar 8 rotates during being lifted respectively around with left and right 3 lower end of support rod, to guarantee that left and right ripping bar 8 is gradually closed, and then makes The movement that left and right ripping bar 8 has horizontal direction and vertical direction is obtained, the movement for levering up components to be lifted is realized, in left and right sled Bar 8 lever up wait lift components during, the idler wheel 9 on left and right ripping bar 8 sliding friction is changed into rolling friction so that Components to be lifted are being squeezed between left and right gripper jaw 2 under the extruding of the idler wheel 9 on both sides, while can also reduce left and right sled The abrasion of bar 8 since left and right connecting rods 10 are hooked by left and right hook 16 and turns after left and right ripping bar 8 will be levered up wait lift components Dynamic, when turning to extreme angles, left and right hook 16 is skidded off from left and right groove, then under the action of reset spring 12, so that Left and right ripping bar 8 is returned to initial position, and avoiding left and right ripping bar 8 from contacting with components always causes to wear.
After reaching between left and right gripper jaw 2 wait lift components, left and right gripper jaw 2 is closed, and is completed and wait lift zero The fixation of component.After the present apparatus lifts components to target position, it is passed through hydraulic oil into cylinder barrel 4, that is, may make left and right Gripper jaw 2 opens, while left and right ripping bar 8 rebounding initial position under the action of reset spring 12, so that left and right ripping bar 8 is opened It opens, to guarantee that the components lifted can smoothly take out between left and right gripper jaw 2.
When finding left and right 8 serious wear of ripping bar, it is only necessary to hinged place to left and right ripping bar 8 and left and right support rod 3 and Carrying out disassembly with the place of being slidably connected of left and right connecting rods 10 can be replaced.
What has been described above is only an embodiment of the present invention, and the common sense such as well known specific structure and characteristic are not made herein in scheme Excessive description.It, without departing from the structure of the invention, can be with it should be pointed out that for those skilled in the art Several modifications and improvements are made, these also should be considered as protection scope of the present invention, these all will not influence what the present invention was implemented Effect and patent practicability.

Claims (5)

1. a kind of crane maintenance suspender, which is characterized in that including clamping device, Diao Sheng mechanism, Qiao Sheng mechanism, driving machine Structure;
The clamping device includes the left gripper jaw and right gripper jaw being hinged, the left gripper jaw and right gripper jaw hinged place It is fixedly connected with Diao Sheng mechanism;
The driving mechanism includes the horizontally disposed cylinder barrel with below left gripper jaw and right gripper jaw hinged place, is set in the cylinder barrel There are left piston plate and right piston plate, left piston plate left end is equipped with left piston bar, and the right piston bar right end is equipped with right piston Left hook and right hook of the opening towards cylinder barrel are respectively equipped on bar, the left piston bar and right piston bar side wall;
The Qiao Sheng mechanism includes the left support bar and right support bar being fixedly connected with Diao Sheng mechanism, the left support bar and right branch The strut other end has been respectively articulated with left ripping bar and right ripping bar, is respectively equipped with left sliding slot and right cunning on the left ripping bar and right ripping bar Slot, slidably connects left connecting rod and right connecting rod in the left sliding slot and right rail respectively, in the left connecting rod and right connecting rod side wall It is respectively equipped with the left groove and right groove for being caught in and skidding off for left hook and right hook, is cut with scissors respectively on the left connecting rod and right connecting rod side wall It is connected to left support frame and right support frame, the left support frame and right support frame are fixed with left support bar and right support bar respectively to be connected It connects, is respectively equipped with left reset spring and right reset spring between the left ripping bar and right ripping bar and left support bar and right support bar.
2. a kind of crane maintenance suspender according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the left ripping bar is far from left support Bar one end and right ripping bar are equipped with idler wheel far from right support bar one end.
3. a kind of crane maintenance suspender according to claim 2, it is characterised in that: be additionally provided in the Qiao Sheng mechanism For blowing the dust-proof mechanism of gripped object surface dirt off.
4. a kind of crane maintenance suspender according to claim 3, it is characterised in that: the dust-proof mechanism includes difference Left air cavity and right air cavity in left support bar and right support bar, the left air cavity and right air cavity upper end are respectively communicated with and fix It is connected with left cylinder and right cylinder, the piston rod of left cylinder and right cylinder is solid with left gripper jaw outer wall and right gripper jaw outer wall respectively Fixed connection, the left air cavity and right air cavity are uniformly provided with stomata towards cylinder barrel central axes one end.
5. a kind of crane maintenance suspender according to claim 4, it is characterised in that: the cylinder barrel is provided with along symmetry axis Oiler, the left piston plate and right piston plate are distributed in oiler two sides.
CN201711390615.XA 2017-12-21 2017-12-21 Suspender is used in a kind of maintenance of crane Active CN108046118B (en)

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CN201711390615.XA CN108046118B (en) 2017-12-21 2017-12-21 Suspender is used in a kind of maintenance of crane

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201711390615.XA CN108046118B (en) 2017-12-21 2017-12-21 Suspender is used in a kind of maintenance of crane

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CN108046118B true CN108046118B (en) 2019-04-30

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Family Cites Families (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2851217Y (en) * 2005-09-20 2006-12-27 大连滨海起重机吊具有限公司 Electric sliding horizontal type steel coil clamp
CN2878309Y (en) * 2006-04-10 2007-03-14 贵阳铝镁设计研究院 Clamper for hanging heavy object
CN105314531A (en) * 2015-11-24 2016-02-10 重庆市星极齿轮有限责任公司 Double-lifting device for bevel gears
CN107150949A (en) * 2017-06-27 2017-09-12 徐州永佳液压设备有限公司 Hydraulic pressure suspension clamp

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Effective date of registration: 20200828

Address after: Room c506a-19, University Business Park, No. 99, University Road, Xuzhou hi tech Industrial Development Zone, 221000, Jiangsu Province

Patentee after: Xuzhou Tiancheng Intelligent Technology Co.,Ltd.

Address before: No. 44 west station electrical market street 400039 flat Jiulongpo District of Chongqing Shi Yang Road No. B3-34 negative layer

Patentee before: HENAN JUREN CRANE GROUP Co.,Ltd. CHONGQING HIGH AND NEW BRANCH

TR01 Transfer of patent right