A kind of dust-laden exhaust gas energy-efficient treatment device
The present invention relates to energy-saving environmental protection device fields, are specifically a kind of dust-laden exhaust gas energy-efficient treatment device.
Traditional sack cleaner is a kind of dry type dust filtration device.It is suitable for trapping tiny, dry, non-fiber powder
Dirt.Filter bag is using the filter cloth or nonwoven felt of weaving into being carried out using the filtration of fabric to dusty gas
Filter, after dusty gas enters sack cleaner, particle is big, heavy dust, since the effect of gravity settles down, falls into
Ash bucket, for the gas containing relatively fine dust when passing through filtrate, dust is purified gas by detention.
Traditional boiler waste gas is passed directly into bag filter, no matter dust particles size is directly entered bag-type dust
Device so that dust-removal cloth-bag just needs to carry out reverse gas cleaning in use for some time, influences operating efficiency, and dust removing effects are bad,
In addition traditional pulsed back-blowing device relies on externally fed, not energy saving.
The content of the invention
It is an object of the invention to provide a kind of dust-laden exhaust gas energy-efficient treatment device, to solve to propose in above-mentioned background technology
The problem of.
To achieve the above object, the present invention provides following technical solution：
A kind of dust-laden exhaust gas energy-efficient treatment device, including babinet, bag-type dust collector, device of solar generating and pretreatment dress
It puts；The bottom of box is fixedly connected with mounting base, and babinet lower end is equipped with pretreatment unit, pretreatment unit include air inlet pipe,
Annular canister, conically shaped and ash bucket；The air inlet pipe is obliquely installed and extends in babinet, and air inlet pipe is tangentially communicated with annular canister；
Conically shaped is communicated with above the annular canister, annular canister bottom is communicated with ash bucket；Running through at the top of the conically shaped has transverse slat, transverse slat
Center is equipped with through hole, and the through hole at transverse slat center, which goes out, is fixedly connected with filter screen, and filtering sieve bottom abutting has scraper plate, scraper plate bottom
Portion is fixedly connected with shaft, and shaft bottom is rotatably connected to cross bar by bearing；The part that the shaft is located in annular canister is consolidated
Surely it is connected with fan blade；The through hole upper end at the transverse slat center is communicated with air outlet pipe, is connected at the top of air outlet pipe by supporting rod
There is anti-tepetate；The air outlet pipe is arranged with inclined plate, and babinet is located at inclined plate lower end outer wall and offers the first hinged door-plate；It is described anti-
Bag-type dust collector is equipped with above tepetate, bag-type dust collector includes dust-removal cloth-bag, cloth bag mounting bracket, injection tube, pulse electromagnetic
Valve and air pump；The dust-removal cloth-bag is fixedly connected by cloth bag mounting bracket with cabinet wall；Spray is equipped with above the dust-removal cloth-bag
Outlet pipe, injection tube, which extends on the outside of babinet and passes through impulse electromagnetic valve, is communicated with air pump；The casing top is sent out equipped with solar energy
Electric installation, device of solar generating include photovoltaic panel, supporting rod and accumulator；The photovoltaic panel passes through supporting rod and babinet upper table
Face is fixedly connected, and photovoltaic panel is electrically connected with accumulator, and accumulator is fixedly connected with babinet upper surface；The babinet upper end is equipped with
As further embodiment of the present invention：The annular canister is fixedly connected through box bottom and with box bottom.
As further embodiment of the present invention：The ash bucket is fixedly connected with the bottom of box, and ash bucket is hinged the second hinged door
As further embodiment of the present invention：The cross bar is fixedly connected with annular canister inner wall.
As further embodiment of the present invention：The anti-tepetate is conical lid.
As further embodiment of the present invention：The inclined plate is fixedly connected with cabinet wall.
As further embodiment of the present invention：The impulse electromagnetic valve and air pump are fixedly connected with cabinet exterior.
Compared with prior art, the beneficial effects of the invention are as follows：The present invention is by being equipped with pretreatment unit so that exhaust gas exists
Spiral air flow is generated in conically shaped, accelerates the sedimentation of the large dust particle in exhaust gas, convenient for bag-type dust collector to small in exhaust gas
Granule dust is removed, and improves the efficiency of dedusting, extends the cleaning cycle of dust-removal cloth-bag, improves operating efficiency；The present invention is set
There is the air inlet pipe being obliquely installed, and air inlet pipe is tangentially connected with annular canister, and the fan blade in annular canister is driven to rotate, and then band
Dynamic scraper plate clears up filter screen automatically, without additional driving device, reaches energy saving purpose；The present invention is equipped with solar power generation
Electric energy is stored in accumulator by device, is that air pump and impulse electromagnetic valve are powered, is further reached energy-saving effect.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is dust-laden exhaust gas energy-efficient treatment device internal structure schematic diagram；
Fig. 2 is the structure diagram of conically shaped in dust-laden exhaust gas energy-efficient treatment device；
Fig. 3 is the structure diagram of air inlet pipe in dust-laden exhaust gas energy-efficient treatment device.
In figure：1- babinets；2- mounting brackets；3- air inlet pipe；4- annular canisters；5- conically shapeds；6- ash buckets；7- cross bars；8- fans
Blade；9- shafts；10- scraper plates；11- transverse slats；12- filter screens；13- air outlet pipes；14- dustproof covers；15- inclined plates；16- first is hinged
Door-plate；17- dust-removal cloth-bags；18- injection tubes；19- impulse electromagnetic valves；20- air pumps；21- photovoltaic panels；22- accumulators；23- second
Hinged door-plate；24- exhaust pipes.
Below in conjunction with the attached drawing in the embodiment of the present invention, the technical solution in the embodiment of the present invention is carried out clear, complete
Site preparation describes, it is clear that described embodiment is only part of the embodiment of the present invention, instead of all the embodiments.It is based on
Embodiment in the present invention, those of ordinary skill in the art are obtained every other without making creative work
Embodiment belongs to the scope of protection of the invention.
Please refer to Fig.1~3, in the embodiment of the present invention, a kind of dust-laden exhaust gas energy-efficient treatment device is removed including babinet 1, cloth bag
Dirt device, device of solar generating and pretreatment unit；1 bottom of babinet is fixedly connected with mounting base 2, and 1 lower end of babinet is set
There is pretreatment unit, pretreatment unit includes air inlet pipe 3, annular canister 4, conically shaped 5 and ash bucket 6；The air inlet pipe 3 is obliquely installed
And extend in babinet 1, air inlet pipe 3 is tangentially communicated with annular canister 4；The annular canister 4 through 1 bottom plate of babinet and with 1 bottom of babinet
Plate is fixedly connected；4 top of the annular canister is communicated with conically shaped 5 so that exhaust gas at an angle along the tangential of annular canister 4
Direction is passed through annular canister 4, upward spiral air flow is formed in conically shaped 5 so that large dust particle rapid subsidence；The annular
4 bottoms of cylinder are communicated with ash bucket 6, and ash bucket 6 is fixedly connected with 1 bottom of babinet, the hinged second hinged door-plate 23 of ash bucket 6, convenient for deashing；
5 top of conically shaped is through there is transverse slat 11, and 11 center of transverse slat is equipped with through hole, and the through hole at 11 center of transverse slat goes out to be fixedly connected
There is filter screen 12,12 bottom of filter screen, which abuts, scraper plate 10, and 10 bottom of scraper plate is fixedly connected with shaft 9, and 9 bottom of shaft passes through axis
It holds and is rotatably connected to cross bar 7, cross bar 7 is fixedly connected with 4 inner wall of annular canister；The part that the shaft 9 is located in annular canister 4 is fixed
Fan blade 8 is connected with, exhaust gas is tangential and is tilted into annular canister 4, and fan blade 8 is driven to rotate, and then passes through shaft band
Dynamic scraper plate 10 clears up 12 lower surface of filter screen, and dust accumulation is avoided to block filter screen 12；11 center of transverse slat leads to
Hole upper end is communicated with air outlet pipe 13, and 13 top of air outlet pipe is connected with anti-tepetate 14 by supporting rod, and anti-tepetate 14 is conical lid；Institute
It states air outlet pipe 13 and is arranged with inclined plate 15, inclined plate 15 is fixedly connected with 1 inner wall of babinet, and babinet 1 is located at 15 lower end outer wall of inclined plate and opens
Equipped with the first hinged door-plate 16；14 top of anti-tepetate is equipped with bag-type dust collector, and bag-type dust collector includes dust-removal cloth-bag
17, cloth bag mounting bracket, injection tube 18, impulse electromagnetic valve 19 and air pump 20；The dust-removal cloth-bag 17 passes through cloth bag mounting bracket and case
1 inner wall of body is fixedly connected；17 top of dust-removal cloth-bag is equipped with bleed pipe 18, and injection tube 18 extends to 1 outside of babinet and passes through
Impulse electromagnetic valve 19 is communicated with air pump 20, impulse electromagnetic valve 19 and air pump 20 and is fixedly connected with 1 outer wall of babinet；Air pump 20 passes through arteries and veins
The air pulse for rushing the generation of solenoid valve 19 is blown out from injection tube 18 to cloth bag progress blowback, carries out deashing；1 top of babinet is set
There is device of solar generating, device of solar generating includes photovoltaic panel 21, supporting rod and accumulator 22；The photovoltaic panel 21 passes through
Supporting rod is fixedly connected with 1 upper surface of babinet, and photovoltaic panel 21 is electrically connected with accumulator 22, accumulator 22 and 1 upper surface of babinet
It is fixedly connected；Photovoltaic panel 21 converts light energy into electric energy and is stored in accumulator 22, accumulator 22 and air pump 20 and pulse electromagnetic
Valve 19 is electrically connected, and accumulator 22 provides electric energy for air pump 20 and impulse electromagnetic valve 19, reaches energy-saving effect；On the babinet 1
End is equipped with exhaust pipe 24, and the gas after dedusting is discharged from this.
The present invention operation principle be：The boiler waste gas of dust-laden is tangential from air inlet pipe 3 and acclivitous be passed through annular
In cylinder 4, exhaust gas forms spiral air flow in conically shaped 5, accelerates the sedimentation of the dust of bulky grain in exhaust gas, treats into cloth bag
The exhaust gas of dust-extraction unit is pre-processed, and improves the efficiency of dedusting, while delays the deashing time of dust-removal cloth-bag, increases dust removing cloth
The deashing interval time of bag 17；Exhaust gas tangentially drives fan blade 8 to rotate into annular canister 4 simultaneously, and then is driven by shaft 9
Scraper plate 10 rotates, and 12 lower surface of filter screen is cleared up, filter screen 12 is avoided to block, ensures that exhaust gas passes through efficiency；Sedimentation
Dust is fallen into ash bucket 6, and by the second hinged door-plate 23, the dust in ash bucket is quickly cleared up；It is useless after preliminary treatment
Gas is entered by air outlet pipe 13 in the cavity of 13 top of inclined plate, and then is entered in dust-removal cloth-bag 17, carries out dedusting again, dedusting
Cloth bag 17 is removed short grained dust, and the gas after dedusting is discharged from exhaust pipe 24；In deashing, 20 He of booster air pump
Impulse electromagnetic valve 19, the air pulse of generation are passed through in dust-removal cloth-bag 17, dust are blown off, dust fall on inclined plate 15 or
It is slipped to after dropping on dustproof cover 14 on inclined plate 15, opens the first hinged door-plate 16, carry out efficient deashing, be conveniently operated；
The power storage that photovoltaic panel 21 converts is that air pump 20 and impulse electromagnetic valve 19 are powered, reaches saving electric energy in accumulator 22
It is obvious to a person skilled in the art that the invention is not restricted to the details of above-mentioned exemplary embodiment, Er Qie
In the case of without departing substantially from spirit or essential attributes of the invention, the present invention can be realized in other specific forms.Therefore, no matter
From the point of view of which point, the present embodiments are to be considered as illustrative and not restrictive, and the scope of the present invention is by appended power
Profit requirement rather than above description limit, it is intended that all by what is fallen within the meaning and scope of the equivalent requirements of the claims
Variation is included within the present invention.Any reference numeral in claim should not be considered as to the involved claim of limitation.
Moreover, it will be appreciated that although this specification is described in terms of embodiments, but not each embodiment is only wrapped
Containing an independent technical solution, this description of the specification is merely for the sake of clarity, and those skilled in the art should
Using specification as an entirety, the technical solutions in each embodiment can also be properly combined, forms those skilled in the art
It is appreciated that other embodiment.