CN209735228U - Energy-saving treatment device for dust-containing waste gas - Google Patents

Energy-saving treatment device for dust-containing waste gas Download PDF

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Publication number
CN209735228U
CN209735228U CN201721796139.7U CN201721796139U CN209735228U CN 209735228 U CN209735228 U CN 209735228U CN 201721796139 U CN201721796139 U CN 201721796139U CN 209735228 U CN209735228 U CN 209735228U
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box body
dust
waste gas
fixedly connected
energy
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CN201721796139.7U
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Chinese (zh)
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刘继军
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Lekai (shenyang) Technology Industry Co Ltd
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Lekai (shenyang) Technology Industry Co Ltd
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a dust-containing waste gas energy-saving treatment device, including box, sack dust collector, solar power system and preprocessing device. The utility model has the advantages that the waste gas generates spiral airflow in the conical cylinder by the pretreatment device, so that the sedimentation of large particle dust in the waste gas is accelerated, the small particle dust in the waste gas can be conveniently removed by the cloth bag dust removal device, the dust removal efficiency is improved, the dust removal period of the dust removal cloth bag is prolonged, and the operation efficiency is improved; the utility model is provided with the air inlet pipe which is obliquely arranged, and the air inlet pipe is tangentially communicated with the annular cylinder to drive the fan blades in the annular cylinder to rotate, so as to drive the scraper blade to automatically clean the filter screen, without an additional driving device, thereby achieving the purpose of energy saving; the utility model discloses be equipped with solar power system, store the electric energy in the battery, for air pump and pulse solenoid valve power supply, further reach energy-conserving effect.

Description

Energy-saving treatment device for dust-containing waste gas
Technical Field
The utility model relates to an energy-concerving and environment-protective equipment field specifically is a dust-laden waste gas energy-saving processing apparatus.
Background
The conventional bag type dust collector is a dry type dust filtering device. It is suitable for trapping fine, dry, non-fibrous dust. The filter bag is made of woven filter cloth or non-woven felt, the dust-containing gas is filtered by the filtering action of the fiber fabric, after the dust-containing gas enters the bag type dust collector, dust with large particles and large specific gravity falls into the dust hopper due to the sedimentation of the gravity, and when the gas containing fine dust passes through the filter material, the dust is blocked, so that the gas is purified.
Traditional boiler waste gas directly lets in the sack cleaner, no matter the direct sack cleaner that gets into of dust particle size for the dust removal sack just need carry out the blowback deashing after using a period, influences the operating efficiency, and dust removal effect is not good, and traditional pulsed blowback device relies on outside power supply in addition, and is not energy-conserving.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
An object of the utility model is to provide a dirty waste gas energy-saving treatment device to solve the problem that proposes in the above-mentioned background art.
In order to achieve the above object, the utility model provides a following technical scheme:
An energy-saving treatment device for dust-containing waste gas comprises a box body, a cloth bag dust removal device, a solar power generation device and a pretreatment device; the bottom of the box body is fixedly connected with a mounting seat, the lower end of the box body is provided with a pretreatment device, and the pretreatment device comprises an air inlet pipe, an annular cylinder, a conical cylinder and an ash bucket; the air inlet pipe is obliquely arranged and extends into the box body, and the air inlet pipe is tangentially communicated with an annular cylinder; a conical barrel is communicated with the upper part of the annular barrel, and an ash hopper is communicated with the bottom of the annular barrel; a transverse plate penetrates through the top of the conical barrel, a through hole is formed in the center of the transverse plate, a filter screen is fixedly connected to the through hole in the center of the transverse plate, a scraper is abutted to the bottom of the filter screen, a rotating shaft is fixedly connected to the bottom of the scraper, and a transverse rod is rotatably connected to the bottom of the rotating shaft through a bearing; the part of the rotating shaft, which is positioned in the annular cylinder, is fixedly connected with fan blades; the upper end of the through hole in the center of the transverse plate is communicated with an air outlet pipe, and the top of the air outlet pipe is connected with an ash-proof cover through a support rod; the air outlet pipe is sleeved with an inclined plate, and the outer wall of the box body, which is positioned at the lower end of the inclined plate, is provided with a first hinged door plate; a cloth bag dust removal device is arranged above the ash prevention cover and comprises a dust removal cloth bag, a cloth bag mounting frame, a blowing pipe, a pulse electromagnetic valve and an air pump; the dust removal cloth bag is fixedly connected with the inner wall of the box body through a cloth bag mounting rack; an injection pipe is arranged above the dust removal cloth bag, extends to the outer side of the box body and is communicated with an air pump through a pulse electromagnetic valve; the top of the box body is provided with a solar power generation device, and the solar power generation device comprises a photovoltaic panel, a support rod and a storage battery; the photovoltaic panel is fixedly connected with the upper surface of the box body through the supporting rod, the photovoltaic panel is electrically connected with the storage battery, and the storage battery is fixedly connected with the upper surface of the box body; an exhaust pipe is arranged at the upper end of the box body.
As a further aspect of the present invention: the annular cylinder penetrates through the box body bottom plate and is fixedly connected with the box body bottom plate.
as a further aspect of the present invention: the ash bucket is fixedly connected with the bottom of the box body, and the ash bucket is hinged with the second hinged door plate.
As a further aspect of the present invention: the cross rod is fixedly connected with the inner wall of the annular cylinder.
As a further aspect of the present invention: the dustproof cover is a conical cover.
As a further aspect of the present invention: the inclined plate is fixedly connected with the inner wall of the box body.
As a further aspect of the present invention: the pulse electromagnetic valve and the air pump are fixedly connected with the outer wall of the box body.
Compared with the prior art, the beneficial effects of the utility model are that: the utility model has the advantages that the waste gas generates spiral airflow in the conical cylinder by the pretreatment device, so that the sedimentation of large particle dust in the waste gas is accelerated, the small particle dust in the waste gas can be conveniently removed by the cloth bag dust removal device, the dust removal efficiency is improved, the dust removal period of the dust removal cloth bag is prolonged, and the operation efficiency is improved; the utility model is provided with the air inlet pipe which is obliquely arranged, and the air inlet pipe is tangentially communicated with the annular cylinder to drive the fan blades in the annular cylinder to rotate, so as to drive the scraper blade to automatically clean the filter screen, without an additional driving device, thereby achieving the purpose of energy saving; the utility model discloses be equipped with solar power system, store the electric energy in the battery, for air pump and pulse solenoid valve power supply, further reach energy-conserving effect.
drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic view of the internal structure of an energy-saving treatment device for dust-containing waste gas;
FIG. 2 is a schematic structural diagram of a conical barrel in the dust-containing waste gas energy-saving treatment device;
Fig. 3 is a schematic structural diagram of an air inlet pipe in the dust-containing waste gas energy-saving treatment device.
In the figure: 1-a box body; 2-a mounting rack; 3, an air inlet pipe; 4-an annular cylinder; 5-a conical cylinder; 6-ash bucket; 7-a cross bar; 8-fan blades; 9-a rotating shaft; 10-a scraper; 11-a transverse plate; 12-a filter screen; 13-an air outlet pipe; 14-a dust cover; 15-a sloping plate; 16-a first hinged door panel; 17-a dust removal cloth bag; 18-a blowing pipe; 19-a pulse electromagnetic valve; 20-an air pump; 21-a photovoltaic panel; 22-a storage battery; 23-a second hinged door panel; 24-exhaust pipe.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be described clearly and completely with reference to the accompanying drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only some embodiments of the present invention, not all embodiments. Based on the embodiments in the present invention, all other embodiments obtained by a person skilled in the art without creative work belong to the protection scope of the present invention.
Referring to fig. 1 to 3, in an embodiment of the present invention, an energy-saving treatment device for dust-containing waste gas includes a box body 1, a cloth bag dust removal device, a solar power generation device and a pretreatment device; the bottom of the box body 1 is fixedly connected with a mounting seat 2, the lower end of the box body 1 is provided with a pretreatment device, and the pretreatment device comprises an air inlet pipe 3, an annular cylinder 4, a conical cylinder 5 and an ash bucket 6; the air inlet pipe 3 is obliquely arranged and extends into the box body 1, and the air inlet pipe 3 is tangentially communicated with an annular cylinder 4; the annular cylinder 4 penetrates through the bottom plate of the box body 1 and is fixedly connected with the bottom plate of the box body 1; a conical cylinder 5 is communicated above the annular cylinder 4, so that the waste gas is introduced into the annular cylinder 4 at a certain angle along the tangential direction of the annular cylinder 4, and upward spiral airflow is formed in the conical cylinder 5, so that large-particle dust is rapidly settled; the bottom of the annular cylinder 4 is communicated with an ash hopper 6, the ash hopper 6 is fixedly connected with the bottom of the box body 1, and the ash hopper 6 is hinged with a second hinged door plate 23 to facilitate ash removal; a transverse plate 11 penetrates through the top of the conical barrel 5, a through hole is formed in the center of the transverse plate 11, a filter screen 12 is fixedly connected to the through hole in the center of the transverse plate 11, a scraping plate 10 is abutted to the bottom of the filter screen 12, a rotating shaft 9 is fixedly connected to the bottom of the scraping plate 10, a cross rod 7 is rotatably connected to the bottom of the rotating shaft 9 through a bearing, and the cross rod 7 is fixedly connected with the inner wall of the annular barrel 4; the part of the rotating shaft 9, which is positioned in the annular cylinder 4, is fixedly connected with fan blades 8, waste gas enters the annular cylinder 4 tangentially and obliquely to drive the fan blades 8 to rotate, and then the rotating shaft drives the scraper 10 to clean the lower surface of the filter screen 12, so that dust accumulation is avoided, and the filter screen 12 is prevented from being blocked; the upper end of the through hole in the center of the transverse plate 11 is communicated with an air outlet pipe 13, the top of the air outlet pipe 13 is connected with an ash-proof cover 14 through a support rod, and the ash-proof cover 14 is a conical cover; the air outlet pipe 13 is sleeved with an inclined plate 15, the inclined plate 15 is fixedly connected with the inner wall of the box body 1, and the outer wall of the box body 1, which is positioned at the lower end of the inclined plate 15, is provided with a first hinged door panel 16; a bag-type dust removal device is arranged above the ash prevention cover 14 and comprises a dust removal bag 17, a bag mounting frame, a blowing pipe 18, a pulse electromagnetic valve 19 and an air pump 20; the dust removal cloth bag 17 is fixedly connected with the inner wall of the box body 1 through a cloth bag mounting rack; an injection pipe 18 is arranged above the dust removal cloth bag 17, the injection pipe 18 extends to the outer side of the box body 1 and is communicated with an air pump 20 through a pulse electromagnetic valve 19, and the pulse electromagnetic valve 19 and the air pump 20 are fixedly connected with the outer wall of the box body 1; the air pump 20 blows out the pulse airflow generated by the pulse electromagnetic valve 19 from the blowing pipe 18 to blow back the cloth bag for ash removal; the top of the box body 1 is provided with a solar power generation device, and the solar power generation device comprises a photovoltaic panel 21, a support rod and a storage battery 22; the photovoltaic panel 21 is fixedly connected with the upper surface of the box body 1 through a support rod, the photovoltaic panel 21 is electrically connected with the storage battery 22, and the storage battery 22 is fixedly connected with the upper surface of the box body 1; the photovoltaic panel 21 converts light energy into electric energy to be stored in the storage battery 22, the storage battery 22 is electrically connected with the air pump 20 and the pulse electromagnetic valve 19, and the storage battery 22 provides electric energy for the air pump 20 and the pulse electromagnetic valve 19, so that an energy-saving effect is achieved; an exhaust pipe 24 is provided at the upper end of the case 1, and the dust-removed gas is discharged therefrom.
The utility model discloses a theory of operation is: introducing boiler waste gas containing dust into an annular cylinder 4 from an air inlet pipe 3 in a tangential and upward inclined manner, wherein the waste gas forms spiral airflow in a conical cylinder 5, so that the sedimentation of large-particle dust in the waste gas is accelerated, the waste gas to be introduced into a bag-type dust collector is pretreated, the dust collection efficiency is improved, the dust collection time of a dust collection bag is delayed, and the dust collection interval time of a dust collection bag 17 is increased; meanwhile, waste gas enters the annular cylinder 4 tangentially to drive the fan blades 8 to rotate, and further drives the scraper 10 to rotate through the rotating shaft 9, so that the lower surface of the filter screen 12 is cleaned, the filter screen 12 is prevented from being blocked, and the waste gas passing efficiency is ensured; the settled dust falls into the dust hopper 6, and the dust in the dust hopper is quickly cleaned through the second hinged door panel 23; the waste gas after the primary treatment enters a cavity above the inclined plate 13 through the gas outlet pipe 13 and then enters the dust removal cloth bag 17 for secondary dust removal, the dust removal cloth bag 17 removes small-particle dust, and the gas after dust removal is discharged from the gas outlet pipe 24; during ash removal, the air pump 20 and the pulse electromagnetic valve 19 are started, the generated pulse air flow is introduced into the dust removal cloth bag 17, dust is blown off, falls onto the inclined plate 15 or falls onto the dust cover 14 and then falls onto the inclined plate 15, the first hinged door panel 16 is opened, efficient ash removal is carried out, and operation is convenient; the electric energy converted by the photovoltaic panel 21 is stored in the storage battery 22 to supply power for the air pump 20 and the pulse electromagnetic valve 19, so that the purpose of saving the electric energy is achieved.
It is obvious to a person skilled in the art that the invention is not restricted to details of the above-described exemplary embodiments, but that it can be implemented in other specific forms without departing from the spirit or essential characteristics of the invention. The present embodiments are therefore to be considered in all respects as illustrative and not restrictive, the scope of the invention being indicated by the appended claims rather than by the foregoing description, and all changes which come within the meaning and range of equivalency of the claims are therefore intended to be embraced therein. Any reference sign in a claim should not be construed as limiting the claim concerned.
Furthermore, it should be understood that although the present description refers to embodiments, not every embodiment may contain only a single embodiment, and such description is for clarity only, and those skilled in the art should integrate the description, and the embodiments may be combined as appropriate to form other embodiments understood by those skilled in the art.

Claims (7)

1. An energy-saving treatment device for dust-containing waste gas comprises a box body (1), a cloth bag dust removal device, a solar power generation device and a pretreatment device; the device is characterized in that the bottom of the box body (1) is fixedly connected with a mounting seat (2), the lower end of the box body (1) is provided with a pretreatment device, and the pretreatment device comprises an air inlet pipe (3), an annular cylinder (4), a conical cylinder (5) and an ash bucket (6); the air inlet pipe (3) is obliquely arranged and extends into the box body (1), and the air inlet pipe (3) is tangentially communicated with an annular cylinder (4); a conical barrel (5) is communicated above the annular barrel (4), and an ash bucket (6) is communicated with the bottom of the annular barrel (4); a transverse plate (11) penetrates through the top of the conical barrel (5), a through hole is formed in the center of the transverse plate (11), a filter screen (12) is fixedly connected to the through hole in the center of the transverse plate (11), a scraper blade (10) is abutted to the bottom of the filter screen (12), a rotating shaft (9) is fixedly connected to the bottom of the scraper blade (10), and a transverse rod (7) is rotatably connected to the bottom of the rotating shaft (9) through a bearing; the part of the rotating shaft (9) positioned in the annular cylinder (4) is fixedly connected with a fan blade (8); the upper end of the through hole in the center of the transverse plate (11) is communicated with an air outlet pipe (13), and the top of the air outlet pipe (13) is connected with an ash-proof cover (14) through a support rod; the air outlet pipe (13) is sleeved with an inclined plate (15), and the outer wall of the box body (1) at the lower end of the inclined plate (15) is provided with a first hinged door panel (16); a bag-type dust removal device is arranged above the ash prevention cover (14), and comprises a dust removal bag (17), a bag mounting frame, an injection pipe (18), a pulse electromagnetic valve (19) and an air pump (20); the dust removal cloth bag (17) is fixedly connected with the inner wall of the box body (1) through a cloth bag mounting rack; an injection pipe (18) is arranged above the dust removal cloth bag (17), the injection pipe (18) extends to the outer side of the box body (1) and is communicated with an air pump (20) through a pulse electromagnetic valve (19); the top of the box body (1) is provided with a solar power generation device, and the solar power generation device comprises a photovoltaic panel (21), a support rod and a storage battery (22); the photovoltaic panel (21) is fixedly connected with the upper surface of the box body (1) through a support rod, the photovoltaic panel (21) is electrically connected with the storage battery (22), and the storage battery (22) is fixedly connected with the upper surface of the box body (1); an exhaust pipe (24) is arranged at the upper end of the box body (1).
2. The energy-saving treatment device for the dust-containing waste gas according to claim 1, wherein the annular cylinder (4) penetrates through the bottom plate of the box body (1) and is fixedly connected with the bottom plate of the box body (1).
3. The energy-saving treatment device for the dust-containing waste gas as claimed in claim 1, wherein the ash hopper (6) is fixedly connected with the bottom of the box body (1), and the ash hopper (6) is hinged with the second hinged door panel (23).
4. The energy-saving treatment device for the dust-containing waste gas as claimed in claim 1, wherein the cross bar (7) is fixedly connected with the inner wall of the annular cylinder (4).
5. An energy-saving treatment device for dust-containing waste gas according to claim 1, characterized in that the ash-proof cover (14) is a cone cover.
6. The energy-saving treatment device for the dust-containing waste gas as claimed in claim 1, wherein the inclined plate (15) is fixedly connected with the inner wall of the box body (1).
7. the energy-saving treatment device for the dust-containing waste gas as claimed in claim 1, wherein the pulse electromagnetic valve (19) and the air pump (20) are fixedly connected with the outer wall of the box body (1).
CN201721796139.7U 2017-12-20 2017-12-20 Energy-saving treatment device for dust-containing waste gas Active CN209735228U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201721796139.7U CN209735228U (en) 2017-12-20 2017-12-20 Energy-saving treatment device for dust-containing waste gas

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201721796139.7U CN209735228U (en) 2017-12-20 2017-12-20 Energy-saving treatment device for dust-containing waste gas

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN209735228U true CN209735228U (en) 2019-12-06

Family

ID=68699577

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201721796139.7U Active CN209735228U (en) 2017-12-20 2017-12-20 Energy-saving treatment device for dust-containing waste gas

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN209735228U (en)

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