CN108040627A - A kind of crops stalk crushing device - Google Patents

A kind of crops stalk crushing device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108040627A
CN108040627A CN201711307977.8A CN201711307977A CN108040627A CN 108040627 A CN108040627 A CN 108040627A CN 201711307977 A CN201711307977 A CN 201711307977A CN 108040627 A CN108040627 A CN 108040627A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
plate
gears
stalk
cutter
roller
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201711307977.8A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
吴宇祥
杨徳相
彭玉
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Anqing Blue Coral Ecological Agriculture Science And Technology Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Anqing Blue Coral Ecological Agriculture Science And Technology Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
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Publication date
Application filed by Anqing Blue Coral Ecological Agriculture Science And Technology Co Ltd filed Critical Anqing Blue Coral Ecological Agriculture Science And Technology Co Ltd
Priority to CN201711307977.8A priority Critical patent/CN108040627A/en
Publication of CN108040627A publication Critical patent/CN108040627A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01FPROCESSING OF HARVESTED PRODUCE; HAY OR STRAW PRESSES; DEVICES FOR STORING AGRICULTURAL OR HORTICULTURAL PRODUCE
    • A01F29/00Cutting apparatus specially adapted for cutting hay, straw or the like
    • A01F29/005Cutting apparatus specially adapted for cutting hay, straw or the like for disintegrating and cutting up bales of hay, straw or fodder
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01FPROCESSING OF HARVESTED PRODUCE; HAY OR STRAW PRESSES; DEVICES FOR STORING AGRICULTURAL OR HORTICULTURAL PRODUCE
    • A01F29/00Cutting apparatus specially adapted for cutting hay, straw or the like
    • A01F29/09Details

Abstract

The invention belongs to stalk field of crushing equipment, specifically a kind of crops stalk crushing device, including cover board, side plate, No.1 bottom plate, No. two bottom plates, the module that feeds intake, cutter unit and pulverizing unit;Cover board is mounted on by four side plates on No. two bottom plates, and the top of cover board is equipped with the module that feeds intake;Cutter unit is connected by shaft with the inner surface of left side plate, and cutter unit is mounted on by fixed link on No.1 bottom plate, and the lower section of cutter unit is equipped with pulverizing unit;The module that feeds intake includes transmission storehouse and transport mechanism, and transmission device includes conveyer belt, runner roller and limit roller, and transmission device is symmetrically set in transmission storehouse;Runner roller is connected by conveyer belt with limit roller;Present invention is mainly used for the pulverization process of agricultural crop straw, and different crops stalk can be cut and be crushed;Recycling can be crushed to the stalk of different crops while can the stalk of crops be transported to cutting position automatically, labor cost is reduced, improves production efficiency.

Description

A kind of crops stalk crushing device
Technical field
The invention belongs to stalk field of crushing equipment, specifically a kind of crops stalk crushing device.
Background technology
In annual harvesting season, the yield of straw from village is all very big, since the utility value of stalk is not very significantly institute All to be discarded or arbitrarily incinerated substantially, it is even more to cause that this unreasonable processing mode, which not only causes the waste of stalk resource, Serious problem of environmental pollution.In order to fully recycle and using resource and to the protection of environment, it is necessary to stalk is carried out it is reasonable Improvement, the method for use usually has straw crushing is processed into feed stripped or crushes stalk after point refine sugar Point, so polluted convenient for achieving the purpose that maximize to recycle resource and minimize.Stalk is subjected to powder therefore, it is necessary to a kind of Broken device.
Also occur the technical solution of straw millstone in the prior art, such as the one of Application No. 201510447765.4 Item Chinese patent discloses a kind of stalk depth reducing mechanism, it includes the first babinet and the second babinet, first case top It is machined with feed inlet, is equipped with the first main shaft in first babinet, first main shaft is equipped with roller, on the roller uniformly Equipped with several reamers, the first babinet bottom processes the first discharge port, and the second babinet is connected with below first discharge port, The second main shaft is equipped in second babinet, second main shaft is equipped with pressure roller, and the pressure roller is equipped with several hobboing cutters, described It is additionally provided with the steel-wire screen being used cooperatively with hobboing cutter below pressure roller, the second babinet below the steel-wire screen goes out equipped with second Material mouth.Although the technical solution can be realized to stalk is crushed;But the space of the device of the technical solution in itself is than narrow, It is unfavorable for high-volume to crush stalk, while the feed inlet of the technical solution is relatively narrow and small more limits making for the program Use efficiency;So that the use of the invention is restricted.
In consideration of it, a kind of crops stalk crushing device of the present invention, can carry out the stalk of different crops It crushes recycling while can the stalk of crops be transported to cutting position automatically, reduce labor cost, improve production Efficiency;The scope of application is wider, specifically has the beneficial effect that:
1. a kind of crops stalk crushing device of the present invention, the module of the present invention that feeds intake includes transmission storehouse and biography Mechanism is sent, and the transmission storehouse is the prismoid shaped structure of handstand;The transport mechanism includes two transmission devices;The transmission dress It puts including conveyer belt, runner roller and limit roller, and transmission device is symmetrically set in transmission storehouse;The runner roller by conveyer belt with Limit roller is connected;It is connected between the runner roller by belt;The runner roller is used to that conveyer belt to be driven to rotate;The limit roller It is limited for the position to conveyer belt;The inner surface and the outer surface of the conveyer belt is equipped with No.1 sawtooth;The runner The surface of roller and limit roller is equipped with No. two sawtooth with No.1 jigsaw fit.Conveyer belt by with rotating roller and limit roller coordinate come Realization, which is transmitted different crops stalk, to feed intake.
2. a kind of crops stalk crushing device of the present invention, the center of the sprocket wheel is equipped with circular open;It is described The mode circumferentially arranged between sprocket wheel and shaft is set there are four elastic component;The elastic component includes sliding extension bar and spring, Institute's sliding extension bar is used to connect sprocket wheel and shaft;The spring is placed on the outer layer of sliding extension bar.Motor is driving shaft turn When dynamic, shaft is rotated by elastic component band movable sprocket, elastic component by with shaft coordinate chain can relative to shaft movement, For improving the cutting effect of cutter device and service life.
3. a kind of crops stalk crushing device of the present invention, the cutter unit includes cutter device, commutation dress It puts and gripping mechanism;The cutter device is evenly distributed on the inside of side plate in horizontal direction;The reversing arrangement is arranged on adjacent Between two cutter devices;The gripping mechanism is arranged on the both sides of cutter device;The gripping mechanism is used to coordinate cutter device Stalk is cut;The reversing arrangement includes No.1 gear, No. two gears, No. three gears, No. four gears and No. five gears; It is engaged between the No.1 gear and No. two gears;It is connected between No. two gears and No. three gears by shaft;Described three Number gear is engaged by No. four gears with No. five gears;The reversing arrangement is used to that two neighboring cutter device to be made reversely to turn It is dynamic;For reversing arrangement by coordinating the cutting for realizing the present invention to stalk with cutter device, gripping mechanism further improves cutting Device is to the cutting effect of stalk.
The content of the invention
In order to make up for the deficiencies of the prior art, the present invention proposes a kind of crops stalk crushing device, and the present invention is main For the pulverization process of agricultural crop straw, different crops stalk can be cut and be crushed.The present invention passes through the module that feeds intake The cutting to different crops stalk is realized with cutter unit cooperation, meanwhile, the present invention is matched somebody with somebody by pulverizing unit and filter screen Realization is closed to the crushing of different crops stalk and is recovered by filtration, simplifies the structure of the present invention.
The technical solution adopted by the present invention to solve the technical problems is:A kind of crops stalk crushing of the present invention Device, including cover board, side plate, No.1 bottom plate, No. two bottom plates, the module that feeds intake, cutter unit and pulverizing unit;The cover board passes through Four side plates are mounted on No. two bottom plates, and the top of cover board is equipped with the module that feeds intake;The center of four side plates is equipped with No.1 Side plate;The No.1 bottom plate is equipped with No.1 discharge port;The cutter unit is connected by shaft with the inner surface of left side plate, and Cutter unit is mounted on by fixed link on No.1 bottom plate, and the lower section of cutter unit is equipped with pulverizing unit;The pulverizing unit leads to Shaft is crossed on the inner surface of left plate and right plate;The center of the cover board is equipped with rectangular feed inlet;Wherein,
The module that feeds intake includes transmission storehouse and transport mechanism, and the transmission storehouse is the prismoid shaped structure of handstand;It is described Transport mechanism includes two transmission devices;The transmission device includes conveyer belt, runner roller and limit roller, and transmission device is symmetrical In transmission storehouse;The runner roller is connected by conveyer belt with limit roller;It is connected between the runner roller by belt;It is described Runner roller is used to that conveyer belt to be driven to rotate;The limit roller is used to limit the position of conveyer belt;The conveyer belt it is interior Surface and outer surface are equipped with No.1 sawtooth;The surface of the runner roller and limit roller is equipped with No. two saws with No.1 jigsaw fit Tooth.
The cutter unit includes cutter device, reversing arrangement and gripping mechanism;The cutter device is equal in horizontal direction The even inside for being distributed in side plate;The reversing arrangement is arranged between two neighboring cutter device;The gripping mechanism is arranged on cutting The both sides of device;The gripping mechanism is used to that cutter device to be coordinated to cut stalk;The reversing arrangement includes No.1 tooth Wheel, No. two gears, No. three gears, No. four gears and No. five gears;It is engaged between the No.1 gear and No. two gears;Described two It number is connected between gear and No. three gears by shaft;No. three gears are engaged by No. four gears with No. five gears;Institute Reversing arrangement is stated for rotating backward two neighboring cutter device;
The cutter device includes chain belt, sprocket wheel and No.1 scraper;The No.1 scraper is arranged on by chain belt on sprocket wheel;Institute Sprocket wheel is stated by shaft with motor to be connected;The gripping mechanism is rectangular slab, and the upper surface of gripping mechanism is equipped with and cutting No. two opposite scrapers of the blade direction of No.1 scraper in device;No. two scrapers are used to that No.1 scraper to be coordinated to carry out stalk Cutting.
Preferably, the center of the sprocket wheel is equipped with circular open;The mode circumferentially arranged between the sprocket wheel and shaft If there are four elastic components;The elastic component includes sliding extension bar and spring, and the sliding extension bar is used to connect sprocket wheel and turn Axis;The spring is placed on the outer layer of sliding extension bar.
Preferably, the pulverizing unit includes two pulverization rollers;The blade direction of No. three scrapers in described two pulverization rollers It is identical;Front side board in the side plate includes No.1 side plate and No. two side plates, and the No.1 side plate passes through polished rod and No. two side plates It is connected;Back side panel and front side board in the side plate are same component;The lower section of the pulverizing unit is equipped with filter screen;The mistake Strainer is installed on a mounting board by W-shaped stent;The installing plate is mounted on by polished rod on No. two side plates;Outside the polished rod Side is cased with spring.
Preferably, the lower section of the filter screen is equipped with squeegee unit;The squeegee unit include scraper plate, sliding extension bar and Sliding block screw body;The scraper plate is mounted on by sliding extension bar on sliding block screw body;The shape of the scraper plate is W-shaped; The outer surface of the sliding extension bar is cased with spring.
Preferably, limiting device is equipped between the scraper plate and front side board back side panel;The limiting device, which includes sliding, to be stretched Contracting bar and sliding block;The upper surface of No. two bottom plates is equipped with the slide with sliding block cooperation;The slide is used to make sliding block in Yan Shui Square to movement.
Preferably, it is equipped with blow tank below the back side panel in the side plate;Wind is equipped with below front side board in the side plate Machine;The wind turbine is used to that the corn stalk pellets on No. two bottom plates to be made to flow out by blow tank.
The beneficial effects of the invention are as follows:
1. a kind of crops stalk crushing device of the present invention, the module of the present invention that feeds intake includes transmission storehouse and biography Mechanism is sent, and the transmission storehouse is the prismoid shaped structure of handstand;The transport mechanism includes two transmission devices;The transmission dress It puts including conveyer belt, runner roller and limit roller, and transmission device is symmetrically set in transmission storehouse;The runner roller by conveyer belt with Limit roller is connected;It is connected between the runner roller by belt;The runner roller is used to that conveyer belt to be driven to rotate;The limit roller It is limited for the position to conveyer belt;The inner surface and the outer surface of the conveyer belt is equipped with No.1 sawtooth;The runner The surface of roller and limit roller is equipped with No. two sawtooth with No.1 jigsaw fit.Conveyer belt by with rotating roller and limit roller coordinate come Realization, which is transmitted different crops stalk, to feed intake.
2. a kind of crops stalk crushing device of the present invention, the center of the sprocket wheel is equipped with circular open;It is described The mode circumferentially arranged between sprocket wheel and shaft is set there are four elastic component;The elastic component includes sliding extension bar and spring, Institute's sliding extension bar is used to connect sprocket wheel and shaft;The spring is placed on the outer layer of sliding extension bar.Motor is driving shaft turn When dynamic, shaft is rotated by elastic component band movable sprocket, elastic component by with shaft coordinate chain can relative to shaft movement, For improving the cutting effect of cutter device and service life.
3. a kind of crops stalk crushing device of the present invention, the cutter unit includes cutter device, commutation dress It puts and gripping mechanism;The cutter device is evenly distributed on the inside of side plate in horizontal direction;The reversing arrangement is arranged on adjacent Between two cutter devices;The gripping mechanism is arranged on the both sides of cutter device;The gripping mechanism is used to coordinate cutter device Stalk is cut;The reversing arrangement includes No.1 gear, No. two gears, No. three gears, No. four gears and No. five gears; It is engaged between the No.1 gear and No. two gears;It is connected between No. two gears and No. three gears by shaft;Described three Number gear is engaged by No. four gears with No. five gears;The reversing arrangement is used to that two neighboring cutter device to be made reversely to turn It is dynamic;For reversing arrangement by coordinating the cutting for realizing the present invention to stalk with cutter device, gripping mechanism further improves cutting Device is to the cutting effect of stalk.
Description of the drawings
The invention will be further described below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings.
Fig. 1 is the sectional view of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the structure diagram of the reversing arrangement of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is A-A sectional views in Fig. 1;
Fig. 4 is B-B sectional views in Fig. 1;
In figure:The module that feeds intake 4, transmission storehouse 41, transport mechanism 42, transmission device 421, conveyer belt 422, runner roller 423, limit Position roller 424, belt 425, cover board 1, side plate 11, feed inlet 12, No.1 bottom plate 2, No. two bottom plates 3, cutter unit 5, pulverizing units 6th, shaft 54, motor 55, No.1 discharge port 21, left plate 111, right plate 112, front side board 113, back side panel 114, cutter device 51st, reversing arrangement 52, gripping mechanism 53, the gear 524, five of gear 523, four of gear 522, three of No.1 gear 521, two Gear 525, chain belt 511, sprocket wheel 512,513, No. two scrapers 531 of No.1 scraper, circular open 5121, elastic component 5122, crushing 61, No. three scrapers 611 of roller, No.1 side plate 1131, No. two side plates 1132, filter screen 62, W-shaped stent 621, installing plate 622, polished rods 116th, squeegee unit 621, scraper plate 623, sliding block screw body 623, limiting device 624, blow tank 31, wind turbine 32.
Specific embodiment
In order to be easy to understand the technical means, the creative features, the aims and the efficiencies achieved by the present invention, tie below Specific embodiment is closed, the present invention is further explained.
As shown in Figures 1 to 4, a kind of crops stalk crushing device of the present invention, including cover board 1, side plate 11, one Number 2, No. two bottom plates 3 of bottom plate, the module that feeds intake 4, cutter unit 5 and pulverizing unit 6;The cover board 1 is installed by four side plates 11 On No. two bottom plates 3, and the top of cover board 1 is equipped with the module 4 that feeds intake;The center of four side plates 11 is equipped with No.1 side plate 1131;The No.1 bottom plate 2 is equipped with No.1 discharge port 21;The cutter unit 5 passes through shaft and the inner surface of left side plate 11 It is connected, and cutter unit 5 is mounted on by fixed link on No.1 bottom plate 2, the lower section of cutter unit 5 is equipped with pulverizing unit 6;It is described Pulverizing unit 6 is mounted on by shaft on the inner surface of left plate 111 and right plate 112;The center of the cover board 1 is equipped with rectangular The feed inlet 12 of shape;Wherein,
The module 4 that feeds intake includes transmission storehouse 41 and transport mechanism 42, and the transmission storehouse 41 is the prismoid shaped knot of handstand Structure;The transport mechanism 42 includes two transmission devices 421;The transmission device 421 includes conveyer belt 422,423 and of runner roller Limit roller 424, and transmission device 421 is symmetrically set in transmission storehouse 41;The runner roller 423 passes through conveyer belt 422 and limit roller 424 are connected;It is connected between the runner roller 423 by belt 425;The runner roller 423 is used to that conveyer belt 422 to be driven to rotate; The limit roller 424 is used to limit the position of conveyer belt 422;The inner surface and the outer surface of the conveyer belt 422 is all provided with There is No.1 sawtooth;The surface of the runner roller 423 and limit roller 424 is equipped with No. two sawtooth with No.1 jigsaw fit.
Inside and outside two layers of conveyer belt 422 is equipped with No.1 sawtooth, No.1 sawtooth be used for increase conveyer belt 422 and stalk it Between frictional force so that conveyer belt 422 can play the role of transport to stalk;Motor drives 423 turns of runner roller by shaft Dynamic, No. two sawtooth of the outer surface of runner roller 423 and limit roller 424 to realize with No.1 jigsaw fit by driving transmission belt to move It is dynamic.
The cutter unit 5 includes cutter device 51, reversing arrangement 52 and gripping mechanism 53;The cutter device 51 is in water Square to the inside for being evenly distributed on side plate 11;The reversing arrangement 52 is arranged between two neighboring cutter device 51;The card Tight device 53 is arranged on the both sides of cutter device 51;The gripping mechanism 53 is used to that cutter device 51 to be coordinated to cut stalk; The reversing arrangement 52 includes 523, No. four gears 524 of the gear of gear 522, three of No.1 gear 521, two and No. five gears 525;It is engaged between the No.1 gear 521 and No. two gears 522;Pass through between No. two gears 522 and No. three gears 523 Shaft connects;No. three gears 523 are engaged by No. four gears 524 with No. five gears 525;The reversing arrangement 52 is used for Rotate backward two neighboring cutter device 51;
The cutter device 51 includes chain belt 511, sprocket wheel 512 and No.1 scraper 513;The No.1 scraper 513 passes through chain Band 511 is arranged on sprocket wheel 512;The sprocket wheel 512 is connected by shaft 54 with motor 55;The gripping mechanism 53 is rectangle Plate, and the upper surface of gripping mechanism 53 is equipped with No. two scrapers opposite with the blade direction of No.1 scraper 513 in cutter device 51 531;No. two scrapers 531 are used to that No.1 scraper 513 to be coordinated to cut stalk.
The cutter unit 5 includes multiple cutter devices 51, and multiple cutter devices 51 are evenly distributed on front and rear sides plate 11 Between;Stalk is put into from feed inlet 12, and the blade direction of the No.1 scraper 513 in two neighboring cutter device 51 is on the contrary, cutting For unit 5 in cutting, adjacent two cutter device 51 prevents corn along No.1 scraper 513 convenient for fixing and cutting stalk Moving direction moves;Reversing arrangement 52 passes through 523, No. four 524 and of gear of the gear of gear 522, three of No.1 gear 521, two Cooperation between No. five gears 525, for making the direction of rotation of two neighboring cutter device 51 opposite;So that the present invention realizes To the cutting process of corn;Meanwhile the both sides of each cutter device 51 are equipped with gripping mechanism 53, and in gripping mechanism 53 The blade direction of the blade direction of No. two scrapers 531 and the No.1 scraper 513 of corresponding cutter device 51 is on the contrary, further right Stalk is fixed, and /V and Double Directional Cutting are carried out to corn convenient for gripping mechanism 53 and cutter device 51.
As one embodiment of the present invention, the center of the sprocket wheel 512 is equipped with circular open 5121;The sprocket wheel The mode circumferentially arranged between 512 and shaft 54 is set there are four elastic component 5122;The elastic component include sliding extension bar and Spring, the sliding extension bar are used to connect sprocket wheel 512 and shaft 54;The spring is placed on the outer layer of sliding extension bar.
Cutter device 51 is during corn is cut, when stalk is pressed onto the chain belt 511 in cutter device 51, in elastic component Under the action of, sprocket wheel 512 can be moved downward with chain belt 511 is opposite with shaft 54, while the sprocket wheel 512 in left side lateral deviation to the right It moves, the sprocket wheel 512 on right side deviates to the left;So that the phenomenon that chain belt 511 is unlikely to taut too tight and is broken;When stalk from When No.1 discharge port 21 is slipped in cutter device 51, sprocket wheel 512 can be moved upwards with chain belt 511 is opposite with shaft 54, together When on the left of sprocket wheel 512 to left movement, the sprocket wheel 512 on right side moves right so that chain belt 511 was unlikely to pine and was not achieved pair The cutting effect of stalk.
As one embodiment of the present invention, the pulverizing unit 6 includes two pulverization rollers 61;Described two pulverization rollers The blade direction of No. three scrapers 611 is identical in 61;Front side board 113 in the side plate 11 includes No.1 side plate 1131 and No. two sides Plate 1132, the No.1 side plate 1131 are connected by polished rod 116 with No. two side plates 1132;Back side panel 114 in the side plate 11 It is same component with front side board 113;The lower section of the pulverizing unit 6 is equipped with filter screen 62;The filter screen 62 passes through W-shaped stent 621 are mounted on installing plate 622;The installing plate 622 is mounted on by polished rod 116 on the upper surface of No. two side plates 1132;Institute The outside for stating polished rod 116 is cased with spring.
When stalk is after cutter unit 5, from the entrance pulverizing unit 6 of No.1 discharge port 21, motor is driven by shaft Pulverization roller 61 crushes stalk;The blade direction of the pulverization roller 61 of the right and left and the direction of rotation one of pulverization roller 61 itself It causes, for increasing the abundant crushing to intermediate stalk.During pulverizing unit 6 crushes stalk, stalk is to filtering Net 62 generates shock, and filter screen 62 is vibrated in vertical direction under the action of the spring, after accelerated filtration net 62 is to crushing The rate of filtration of stalk particle, while during 62 up-down vibration of filter screen, the mesh of filter screen 62 is susceptible to block up Plug.
As one embodiment of the present invention, the lower section of the filter screen 62 is equipped with squeegee unit 621;The scraper plate list Member 621 includes scraper plate 623, sliding extension bar and sliding block screw body 623;The scraper plate 623 is mounted on by sliding extension bar On sliding block screw body 623;The shape of the scraper plate 623 is W-shaped;The outer surface of the sliding extension bar is cased with spring.
In sliding block screw body 623 be equipped with multiple sliding blocks, sliding block in the horizontal direction be located at adjacent two cutter device 51 it Between;Scraper plate 623 is equipped on sliding block;In motor scraper plate 623 is realized by driving in sliding screw mechanism screw reciprocating rotation The mesh of filter screen 62 is cleaned back and forth;Spring causes uniform force between scraper plate 623 and filter screen 62, prevents scraper plate 623 fray filter screen 62 when being cleaned to mesh;It allows the invention to make further the mesh of filter screen 62 Cleaning, improve crush efficiency.
As one embodiment of the present invention, /V is equipped between 113 back side panel 114 of the scraper plate 623 and front side board Device 624;The limiting device 624 includes sliding extension bar and sliding block;The upper surface of No. two bottom plates 3 is equipped with matches somebody with somebody with sliding block The slide of conjunction;The slide is used to that sliding block to be made to move in the horizontal direction.Limiting device 624 is used to make scraper plate 623 and filter screen 62 position does not shift, and further improves cleaning efficiency of the scraper plate 623 to filter screen mesh.
As one embodiment of the present invention, 114 lower section of back side panel in the side plate 11 is equipped with blow tank 31;It is described 113 lower section of front side board in side plate 11 is equipped with wind turbine 32;The wind turbine 32 is used to make the stalk particle on No. two bottom plates 3 by going out Hopper 31 flows out.
During work, according to the variety exchanging filter screen 62 of crops, different crops stalk is put into from the module 4 that feeds intake Into the present apparatus, motor is fed intake by driving the rotation of runner roller 423 conveyer belt 422 to be made to carry out transport to agricultural crop straw;Electricity Machine 55 drives cutter device 51 to cut stalk by shaft 54, the cutter device 51 that reversing arrangement 52 makes to stalk into Row reverse cut;Stalk after cutting is fallen by No.1 discharge port 21 in pulverizing unit 6;Stalk is carried out powder by pulverizing unit 6 Broken, the stalk particle after crushing is fallen on by filter screen 62 on bottom plate;Last wind turbine 32 blows out stalk particle from blow tank 31, Staff recycles stalk particle.
The basic principles, main features and advantages of the invention have been shown and described above.The technical staff of the industry should Understand, the present invention is not limited to the above embodiments, and the above embodiments and description only describe the originals of the present invention Reason, without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention, various changes and modifications of the present invention are possible, these changes and improvements It all fall within the protetion scope of the claimed invention.The claimed scope of the invention is by appended claims and its equivalent circle It is fixed.

Claims (7)

1. a kind of crops stalk crushing device, it is characterised in that:Including cover board (1), side plate (11), No.1 bottom plate (2), No. two Bottom plate (3), the module that feeds intake (4), cutter unit (5) and pulverizing unit (6);The cover board (1) is installed by four side plates (11) On No. two bottom plates (3), and the top of cover board (1) is equipped with the module (4) that feeds intake;The center of four side plates (11) is equipped with No.1 Side plate (1131);The No.1 bottom plate (2) is equipped with No.1 discharge port (21);The cutter unit (5) passes through shaft and left and right sides The inner surface of plate (11) is connected, and cutter unit (5) is mounted on by fixed link on No.1 bottom plate (2), under cutter unit (5) Side is equipped with pulverizing unit (6);The pulverizing unit (6) is mounted on the interior table of left plate (111) and right plate (112) by shaft On face;The center of the cover board (1) is equipped with rectangular feed inlet (12);Wherein,
The module that feeds intake (4) includes transmission storehouse (41) and transport mechanism (42), and transmission storehouse (41) is the terrace with edge of handstand Type structure;The transport mechanism (42) includes two transmission devices (421);The transmission device (421) includes conveyer belt (422), runner roller (423) and limit roller (424), and transmission device (421) is symmetrically set in transmission storehouse (41);The runner roller (423) it is connected by conveyer belt (422) with limit roller (424);It is connected between the runner roller (423) by belt (425);Institute Runner roller (423) is stated for conveyer belt (422) to be driven to rotate;The limit roller (424) be used for the position of conveyer belt (422) into Row limitation;
The inner surface and the outer surface of the conveyer belt (422) is equipped with No.1 sawtooth;The runner roller (423) and limit roller (424) surface is equipped with No. two sawtooth with No.1 jigsaw fit.
2. a kind of crops stalk crushing device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Cutter unit (5) bag Include cutter device (51), reversing arrangement (52) and gripping mechanism (53);The cutter device (51) is uniformly distributed in horizontal direction In the inside of side plate (11);The reversing arrangement (52) is arranged between two neighboring cutter device (51);The gripping mechanism (53) both sides of cutter device (51) are arranged on;The gripping mechanism (53) is used to that cutter device (51) to be coordinated to cut stalk It cuts;The reversing arrangement (52) includes No.1 gear (521), No. two gears (522), No. three gears (523), No. four gears (524) and No. five gears (525);It is engaged between the No.1 gear (521) and No. two gears (522);No. two gears (522) connected between No. three gears (523) by shaft;No. three gears (523) are by No. four gears (524) come with five The engagement of number gear (525);The reversing arrangement (52) is used to rotate backward two neighboring cutter device (51);
The cutter device (51) includes chain belt (511), sprocket wheel (512) and No.1 scraper (513);The No.1 scraper (513) It is arranged on by chain belt (511) on sprocket wheel (512);The sprocket wheel (512) is connected by shaft with motor;The gripping mechanism (53) For rectangular slab, and the upper surface of gripping mechanism (53) is equipped with the blade direction with No.1 scraper (513) in cutter device (51) No. two opposite scrapers (531);No. two scrapers (531) are used to that No.1 scraper (513) to be coordinated to cut stalk.
3. a kind of crops stalk crushing device according to claim 2, it is characterised in that:In the sprocket wheel (512) The heart is equipped with circular open (5121);The mode that the sprocket wheel (512) circumferentially arranges between shaft is set there are four elastic component (5122);The elastic component includes sliding extension bar and spring, and the sliding extension bar is used to connect sprocket wheel (512) and shaft; The spring is placed on the outer layer of sliding extension bar.
4. a kind of crops stalk crushing device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Pulverizing unit (6) bag Include two pulverization rollers (61);The blade direction of No. three scrapers (611) is identical in described two pulverization rollers (61);The side plate (11) In front side board (113) include No.1 side plate (1131) and No. two side plates (1132), the No.1 side plate (1131) passes through polished rod (116) it is connected with No. two side plates (1132);Back side panel (114) and front side board (113) in the side plate (11) are same component; The lower section of the pulverizing unit (6) is equipped with filter screen (62);The filter screen (62) is mounted on installation by W-shaped stent (621) On plate (622);The installing plate (622) is mounted on by polished rod (116) on No. two side plates (1132);The polished rod (116) Outside is cased with spring.
5. a kind of crops stalk crushing device according to claim 4, it is characterised in that:Under the filter screen (62) Side is equipped with squeegee unit (621);The squeegee unit (621) includes scraper plate (623), sliding extension bar and sliding block screw body (623);The scraper plate (623) is mounted on by sliding extension bar on sliding block screw body (623);The shape of the scraper plate (623) Shape is W-shaped;The outer surface of the sliding extension bar is cased with spring.
6. a kind of crops stalk crushing device according to claim 5, it is characterised in that:The scraper plate (623) is with before Limiting device (624) is equipped between side plate (113) back side panel (114);The limiting device (624) includes sliding extension bar and cunning Block;The upper surface of No. two bottom plates (3) is equipped with the slide with sliding block cooperation;The slide is used to make sliding block in the horizontal direction Movement.
7. a kind of crops stalk crushing device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:After in the side plate (11) Blow tank (31) is equipped with below side plate (114);Wind turbine (32) is equipped with below front side board (113) in the side plate (11);It is described Wind turbine (32) is used to make the corn stalk pellets on No. two bottom plates (3) to be flowed out by blow tank (31).
CN201711307977.8A 2017-12-11 2017-12-11 A kind of crops stalk crushing device Pending CN108040627A (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201711307977.8A CN108040627A (en) 2017-12-11 2017-12-11 A kind of crops stalk crushing device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201711307977.8A CN108040627A (en) 2017-12-11 2017-12-11 A kind of crops stalk crushing device

Publications (1)

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CN108040627A true CN108040627A (en) 2018-05-18

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Family Applications (1)

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CN201711307977.8A Pending CN108040627A (en) 2017-12-11 2017-12-11 A kind of crops stalk crushing device

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109220250A (en) * 2018-08-21 2019-01-18 张振洋 A kind of crops stalk crushing separation system
CN109496569A (en) * 2018-07-26 2019-03-22 安徽康桥农业开发有限公司 A kind of multi-stage crushing device of stalk
CN110734798A (en) * 2019-10-11 2020-01-31 黄伟 pretreatment systems for straw biomass pellet fuel preparation
CN111957414A (en) * 2020-08-18 2020-11-20 陈志港 Poultry fodder crushing apparatus
CN112772162A (en) * 2021-01-19 2021-05-11 侯毅 Agricultural is retrieved with automatic reducing mechanism of straw

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109496569A (en) * 2018-07-26 2019-03-22 安徽康桥农业开发有限公司 A kind of multi-stage crushing device of stalk
CN109220250A (en) * 2018-08-21 2019-01-18 张振洋 A kind of crops stalk crushing separation system
CN110734798A (en) * 2019-10-11 2020-01-31 黄伟 pretreatment systems for straw biomass pellet fuel preparation
CN111957414A (en) * 2020-08-18 2020-11-20 陈志港 Poultry fodder crushing apparatus
CN111957414B (en) * 2020-08-18 2021-06-22 陈志港 Poultry fodder crushing apparatus
CN112772162A (en) * 2021-01-19 2021-05-11 侯毅 Agricultural is retrieved with automatic reducing mechanism of straw

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