CN107965542A - A kind of combined electromagnetic damper - Google Patents

A kind of combined electromagnetic damper Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107965542A
CN107965542A CN201711305000.2A CN201711305000A CN107965542A CN 107965542 A CN107965542 A CN 107965542A CN 201711305000 A CN201711305000 A CN 201711305000A CN 107965542 A CN107965542 A CN 107965542A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
generator
upper
rotating cylinder
leading screw
steel ball
Prior art date
Application number
CN201711305000.2A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
周长峰
衣丰艳
刘新磊
张凯
刘敬义
刘晓东
李坤强
Original Assignee
山东交通学院
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Application filed by 山东交通学院 filed Critical 山东交通学院
Priority to CN201711305000.2A priority Critical patent/CN107965542A/en
Publication of CN107965542A publication Critical patent/CN107965542A/en

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Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16FSPRINGS; SHOCK-ABSORBERS; MEANS FOR DAMPING VIBRATION
    • F16F6/00Magnetic springs; Fluid magnetic springs, i.e. magnetic spring combined with a fluid

Abstract

The present invention provides a kind of combined electromagnetic damper, including the first generator, second generator, connector sleeve, rotating cylinder, motor bottom plate, bearings plate, electromagnetic clutch, main nut, terminal pad, leading screw, steel ball sleeve, upper bearing (metal), upper cylinder, upper bushing, thread ending cover, outline border column, exterior deckle board, upper cylinder is fixed on outline border column, thread ending cover, upper bushing, upper bearing (metal) is installed in upper tube length through hole, leading screw drives steel ball sleeve to move up and down in rotating cylinder long through-hole, steel ball sleeve can rotate while moving up and down relative to leading screw and rotating cylinder, the movement of leading screw drives main nut rotation, and then drive rotating cylinder, first generator, connector sleeve, electromagnetic clutch and the second generator rotary electrification.The beneficial effects of the invention are as follows:The device can select as needed participate in energy regenerating motor, can provide by force, in, weak different damping force;Outline border column constitutes integral type damper with exterior deckle board, has preferable dust-proof, sealing effect.

Description

A kind of combined electromagnetic damper

Technical field

The present invention relates to a kind of combined electromagnetic damper, belong to vehicle vibration damping technical field.

Background technology

In motion, road roughness can evoke the vibration of automobile to automobile.When vibration reaches a certain level, car will be influenced The comfort that upper occupant rides.After vehicle installs the suspension system of spring and damper composition, which can relax by not level road Face passes to the shock loading of vehicle body, and by the vibration of damper decay vehicle body.Hydraulic vibration absorber decay vibration process be The process of one energy expenditure, this portion of energy waste, feasible in a kind of structure therefore, it is necessary to design, and will can be disappeared The new type vibration isolator that the energy of consumption is converted into the energy of other forms and is recycled.

The content of the invention

It is in view of the above-mentioned drawbacks of the prior art and insufficient, it is an object of the present invention to propose a kind of combined electromagnetic Damper, can start different energy recycle devices according to the intensity of Vehicle Suspension Vibration, realize the recycling of suspension vibration energy.

In order to realize above-mentioned task, the present invention uses following technical solution:

A kind of combined electromagnetic damper, including the second generator, connector sleeve, lower bearing, rotating cylinder, upper lifting lug, lower lifting lug, motor Bottom plate, bearings plate, electromagnetic clutch, main nut, terminal pad, leading screw, steel ball sleeve, upper bearing (metal), upper cylinder, upper lining Set, thread ending cover, outline border column, exterior deckle board, the first generator, it is characterised in that upper lifting lug welds together with leading screw upper end, Upper cylinder is fixed on outline border column, and thread ending cover, upper bushing, upper bearing (metal) are installed in upper tube length through hole, leading screw and main nut group Into screw pair, upper bearing (metal) inner ring is sleeved in terminal pad, and main nut is fixed in terminal pad, terminal pad lower end connection rotating cylinder, First generator amature is fixed on rotating cylinder to be rotated with rotating cylinder, and leading screw lower end suit steel ball sleeve, steel ball sleeve is in rotating cylinder Movement in long through-hole, bearings plate are equipped with the seam allowance of installation lower bearing, and connector sleeve is sleeved on rotating cylinder lower end, electricity is filled under connector sleeve Magnet clutch, electromagnetic clutch connect the second generator, and motor bottom plate is installed on outline border column, and the second generator is fixed On motor bottom plate, the outline border of outline border column and exterior deckle board composition damper.

Above-mentioned a kind of combined electromagnetic damper, it is characterised in that upper cylinder top is equipped with internal thread, and steel ball sleeve has Upper, middle and lower-ranking steel ball, each steel ball are arranged in the spherical groove on steel cylinder surface, and the centre of sphere of spherical groove is located at the inside and outside circle of steel cylinder Mean camber between cylinder, radius is identical with steel ball radius, and the internal diameter and rotating cylinder lower end outside diameter of connector sleeve are in the same size, and outline border is stood Column is provided with seven layers of unthreaded hole, and exterior deckle board is also provided with corresponding seven layers of unthreaded hole, for fixed under fixed upper cylinder, bearings plate, motor Plate, the first generator is by the first generator amature on rotating cylinder and the first generator unit stator on outline border column Composition.

Above-mentioned a kind of combined electromagnetic damper, it is characterised in that leading screw drives steel ball sleeve in rotating cylinder long through-hole Move up and down, steel ball sleeve can rotate while moving up and down relative to leading screw and rotating cylinder, and the movement of leading screw drives main nut rotation Turn, and then drive rotating cylinder, the first generator amature, connector sleeve, electromagnetic clutch and the rotation of the second generator;First generator is determined Magnetic field intensity caused by son can be adjusted, and by adjusting the size of stator field intensity, make the damping of the first generator generation Power increases from zero to the first generator maximum damping force;When Vehicle Suspension Vibration is violent, then the first generator and the second power generation Machine all outwards generates electricity, there is provided strong damping force, when Vehicle Suspension Vibration is slight, then cuts off electromagnetic clutch, the first generator Outwards power generation, there is provided weak damping force, when Vehicle Suspension Vibration therebetween, then cut off the first generator unit stator power supply, Electromagnetic clutch is engaged, only the second generator outwards generates electricity, there is provided medium damping force.

The present invention a kind of combined electromagnetic damper, thereon lifting lug be connected on vehicle body, lower lifting lug is connected in vehicle bridge, Automobile suspension system is formed with spring again, when automobile is when traveling produces vibration on road, leading screw pumps, and drives master Nut, rotating cylinder, the first generator, the rotation of the second generator, outwards export electric energy.The beneficial effects of the invention are as follows:Automobile is existed The energy of body vibrations changes into electric energy when driving on road, these power storages are got up and are used for other electrical equipments;Subtract Shaking device leading screw upper end acceptor's nut support, by steel ball housing supports, leading screw is double fulcrum supports, has preferable rigidity for lower end, Above-mentioned steel ball sleeve solves the lead screw straight-line in rotating cylinder and the interference problem of rotating cylinder rotary motion, greatly reduces biography Dynamic frictional force between thick stick and rotating cylinder;Above-mentioned damper can select as needed participate in energy regenerating motor, can provide by force, In, weak different damping force;Outline border column constitutes integral type damper with exterior deckle board, has preferable dust-proof, sealing effect.

Brief description of the drawings

Fig. 1 is a kind of combined electromagnetic damper front view for representing one embodiment of the present invention.

Fig. 2 is the sectional view at C-C in Fig. 1.

Fig. 3 is the sectional view at D-D in Fig. 2.

Fig. 4 is the sectional view at E-E in Fig. 2.

Fig. 5 is the sectional view at F-F in Fig. 2.

Fig. 6 is the enlarged view at G in Fig. 2.

Drawing reference numeral explanation

1st, the second generator, 2, connector sleeve, 3, lower bearing, 4, rotating cylinder, 5, upper lifting lug, 6, lower lifting lug, 7, motor bottom plate, 8, Bearings plate, 9, electromagnetic clutch, 10, main nut, 11, terminal pad, 12, leading screw, 13, steel ball sleeve, 14, upper bearing (metal), 15, Upper cylinder, 16, upper bushing, 17, thread ending cover, 18, outline border column, 19, exterior deckle board, the 20, first generator, the 2001, first power generation Machine stator, the 2002, first generator amature.

Embodiment

In the following, it is described in detail below with reference to a kind of 1~6 pair of combined electromagnetic damper of the invention of attached drawing.

As shown in figs. 1 to 6, a kind of combined electromagnetic damper, including the second generator 1, connector sleeve 2, lower bearing 3, turn Cylinder 4, upper lifting lug 5, lower lifting lug 6, motor bottom plate 7, bearings plate 8, electromagnetic clutch 9, main nut 10, terminal pad 11, Leading screw 12, steel ball sleeve 13, upper bearing (metal) 14, upper cylinder 15, upper bushing 16, thread ending cover 17, outline border column 18, exterior deckle board 19, One generator 20, upper lifting lug 5 weld together with 12 upper end of leading screw, and upper cylinder 15 is fixed on outline border column 18, thread ending cover 17, Upper bushing 16, upper bearing (metal) 14 are installed in upper 15 long through-hole of cylinder, and leading screw 12 forms ball screw assembly, upper bearing (metal) 14 with main nut 10 Inner ring is sleeved in terminal pad 11, and main nut 10 is fixed in terminal pad 11,11 lower end of terminal pad connection rotating cylinder 4, the first generator 20 the first generator amature 2002 is fixed on rotating cylinder 4 to be rotated with rotating cylinder 4,12 lower end of leading screw suit steel ball sleeve 13, Steel ball sleeve 13 moves in 4 long through-hole of rotating cylinder, and bearings plate 8 is equipped with the seam allowance of installation lower bearing 3, and connector sleeve 2 is sleeved on 4 lower end of rotating cylinder, electromagnetic clutch 9 is connect under connector sleeve 2, and electromagnetic clutch 9 connects the second generator 1, and motor bottom plate 7 is installed On outline border column 18, the second generator 1 is fixed on motor bottom plate 7, and outline border column 18 forms vibration damping with exterior deckle board 19 The outline border of device.

As shown in figs. 1 to 6, upper 15 top of cylinder is equipped with internal thread, and steel ball sleeve 13 has upper, middle and lower-ranking steel ball 1301, often A steel ball 1301 is arranged in the spherical groove 1303 on 1302 surface of steel cylinder, and it is inside and outside that the centre of sphere of spherical groove 1303 is located at steel cylinder 1302 Mean camber between cylindrical surface, radius is identical with 1301 radius of steel ball, internal diameter and the 4 lower end outside diameter size one of rotating cylinder of connector sleeve 2 Cause, outline border column 18 is provided with seven layers of unthreaded hole, and exterior deckle board 19 is also provided with corresponding seven layers of unthreaded hole, for fixed upper cylinder 15, bearing branch Fagging 8, motor bottom plate 7, the first generator 20 is by the first generator amature 2002 on rotating cylinder 4 and installed in outer The first generator unit stator 2001 on frame column 18 forms.

As shown in figs. 1 to 6, a kind of combined electromagnetic damper, leading screw 12 drive steel ball sleeve 13 in 4 long through-hole of rotating cylinder Move up and down, steel ball sleeve 13 can rotate while moving up and down relative to leading screw 12 and rotating cylinder 4, and the movement of leading screw 12 drives master Nut 10 rotates, and then drives rotating cylinder 4, the first generator amature 2002, connector sleeve 2,9 and second generator 1 of electromagnetic clutch Rotary electrification;Magnetic field intensity caused by first generator unit stator 2001 can be adjusted, by adjusting the first generator unit stator The size of 2001 magnetic field intensities, makes the damping force that the first generator 20 produces increase from zero to the maximum damping of the first generator 20 Power;When Vehicle Suspension Vibration is violent, then the first generator 20 and all outwards power generations of the second generator 1, there is provided strong damping force, When Vehicle Suspension Vibration is slight, then electromagnetic clutch 9 is cut off, the first generator 20 outwards generates electricity, there is provided weak damping force, when Vehicle Suspension Vibration therebetween, then cuts off the first generator unit stator 2001 and powers, and engages electromagnetic clutch 9, only the Two generators 1 outwards generate electricity, there is provided medium damping force.

A kind of combined electromagnetic damper, its course of work are as follows:Upper lifting lug 5 is connected on vehicle body, lower lifting lug 6 connects Automobile suspension system is collectively constituted onto vehicle bridge, then with spring, vibration caused by running car can make the upper and lower reciprocal fortune of leading screw It is dynamic, drive main nut 10, rotating cylinder 4, the first generator 20, the second generator 1 to rotate, outwards export electric energy.The damper can root According to the difference of Vehicle Suspension Vibration power, selection participates in the motor of energy regenerating, can provide by force, in, weak different damping force;

Apply specific case in the present invention to be set forth the principle of the present invention and embodiment, the explanation of above example It is only intended to help the method and its core concept for understanding the present invention;Meanwhile for those of ordinary skill in the art, according to this The thought of invention, in specific embodiments and applications there will be changes.

In addition, the invention is not limited in the above embodiment, it can realize the deformation in the range of the object of the invention, improve It is contained in the present invention.

Claims (3)

1. a kind of combined electromagnetic damper, including the second generator, connector sleeve, lower bearing, rotating cylinder, upper lifting lug, lower lifting lug, electricity Machine bottom plate, bearings plate, electromagnetic clutch, main nut, terminal pad, leading screw, steel ball sleeve, upper bearing (metal), upper cylinder, upper lining Set, thread ending cover, outline border column, exterior deckle board, the first generator, it is characterised in that upper lifting lug welds together with leading screw upper end, Upper cylinder is fixed on outline border column, and thread ending cover, upper bushing, upper bearing (metal) are installed in upper tube length through hole, leading screw and main nut group Into screw pair, upper bearing (metal) inner ring is sleeved in terminal pad, and main nut is fixed in terminal pad, terminal pad lower end connection rotating cylinder, First generator amature is fixed on rotating cylinder to be rotated with rotating cylinder, and leading screw lower end suit steel ball sleeve, steel ball sleeve is in rotating cylinder Movement in long through-hole, bearings plate are equipped with the seam allowance of installation lower bearing, and connector sleeve is sleeved on rotating cylinder lower end, electricity is filled under connector sleeve Magnet clutch, electromagnetic clutch connect the second generator, and motor bottom plate is installed on outline border column, and the second generator is fixed On motor bottom plate, the outline border of outline border column and exterior deckle board composition damper.
2. a kind of combined electromagnetic damper as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that upper cylinder top is equipped with internal thread, steel Bead sleeve cylinder has upper, middle and lower-ranking steel ball, and each steel ball is arranged in the spherical groove on steel cylinder surface, and the centre of sphere of spherical groove is located at steel Mean camber between the inside and outside cylindrical surface of cylinder, radius is identical with steel ball radius, internal diameter and the rotating cylinder lower end outside diameter size one of connector sleeve Cause, outline border column is provided with seven layers of unthreaded hole, and exterior deckle board is also provided with corresponding seven layers of unthreaded hole, for fixed upper cylinder, bearings plate, electricity Machine bottom plate, the first generator are sent out by the first generator amature on rotating cylinder and first on outline border column Motor stator forms.
3. a kind of combined electromagnetic damper as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that leading screw drives steel ball sleeve in rotating cylinder Move up and down in long through-hole, steel ball sleeve can rotate while moving up and down relative to leading screw and rotating cylinder, and the movement of leading screw drives Main nut rotates, and then drives rotating cylinder, the first generator amature, connector sleeve, electromagnetic clutch and the rotation of the second generator;First Magnetic field intensity caused by generator unit stator can be adjusted, and by adjusting the size of the first generator unit stator magnetic field intensity, make the The damping force that one generator produces increases from zero to the first generator maximum damping force;When Vehicle Suspension Vibration is violent, then One generator and the second generator all outwards generate electricity, there is provided strong damping force, when Vehicle Suspension Vibration is slight, then cuts off electromagnetism Clutch, the first generator outwards generate electricity, there is provided weak damping force, when Vehicle Suspension Vibration therebetween, then cut off One generator unit stator is powered, and engages electromagnetic clutch, and only the second generator outwards generates electricity, there is provided medium damping force.
CN201711305000.2A 2017-12-11 2017-12-11 A kind of combined electromagnetic damper CN107965542A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201711305000.2A CN107965542A (en) 2017-12-11 2017-12-11 A kind of combined electromagnetic damper

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201711305000.2A CN107965542A (en) 2017-12-11 2017-12-11 A kind of combined electromagnetic damper

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN107965542A true CN107965542A (en) 2018-04-27

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Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102562933A (en) * 2012-03-09 2012-07-11 黑龙江工程学院 Vibration absorber with regenerative vibration energy and vibration absorbing method
CN103580371A (en) * 2013-11-25 2014-02-12 中国农业大学 Ball screw type vehicle vibration absorber capable of realizing rotary power generation
CN205185772U (en) * 2015-12-15 2016-04-27 西安科技大学 Electromagnetism is presented can formula vehicle initiative suspension actuator
CN205202654U (en) * 2015-12-17 2016-05-04 西安科技大学 Multi -mode electromagnetism is presented can formula vehicle initiative suspension actuator
CN105711368A (en) * 2016-03-07 2016-06-29 大连理工大学 Electromagnetic energy harvesting system based on passive suspension
CN105864342A (en) * 2016-04-25 2016-08-17 山东交通学院 Ball circuit type electromagnetic energy-feedback shock absorber

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102562933A (en) * 2012-03-09 2012-07-11 黑龙江工程学院 Vibration absorber with regenerative vibration energy and vibration absorbing method
CN103580371A (en) * 2013-11-25 2014-02-12 中国农业大学 Ball screw type vehicle vibration absorber capable of realizing rotary power generation
CN205185772U (en) * 2015-12-15 2016-04-27 西安科技大学 Electromagnetism is presented can formula vehicle initiative suspension actuator
CN205202654U (en) * 2015-12-17 2016-05-04 西安科技大学 Multi -mode electromagnetism is presented can formula vehicle initiative suspension actuator
CN105711368A (en) * 2016-03-07 2016-06-29 大连理工大学 Electromagnetic energy harvesting system based on passive suspension
CN105864342A (en) * 2016-04-25 2016-08-17 山东交通学院 Ball circuit type electromagnetic energy-feedback shock absorber

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