CN105864342A - Ball circuit type electromagnetic energy-feedback shock absorber - Google Patents

Ball circuit type electromagnetic energy-feedback shock absorber Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105864342A
CN105864342A CN201610288323.4A CN201610288323A CN105864342A CN 105864342 A CN105864342 A CN 105864342A CN 201610288323 A CN201610288323 A CN 201610288323A CN 105864342 A CN105864342 A CN 105864342A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
shock absorber
cylinder
damper stem
cartridge module
ball
Prior art date
Application number
CN201610288323.4A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN105864342B (en
Inventor
周长峰
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山东交通学院
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Priority to CN201610288323.4A priority Critical patent/CN105864342B/en
Publication of CN105864342A publication Critical patent/CN105864342A/en
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Publication of CN105864342B publication Critical patent/CN105864342B/en

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Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F03MACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS; WIND, SPRING, OR WEIGHT MOTORS; PRODUCING MECHANICAL POWER OR A REACTIVE PROPULSIVE THRUST, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F03GSPRING, WEIGHT, INERTIA OR LIKE MOTORS; MECHANICAL-POWER PRODUCING DEVICES OR MECHANISMS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR OR USING ENERGY SOURCES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F03G7/00Mechanical-power-producing mechanisms, not otherwise provided for or using energy sources not otherwise provided for
    • F03G7/08Mechanical-power-producing mechanisms, not otherwise provided for or using energy sources not otherwise provided for recovering energy derived from swinging, rolling, pitching or like movements, e.g. from the vibrations of a machine
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60GVEHICLE SUSPENSION ARRANGEMENTS
    • B60G13/00Resilient suspensions characterised by arrangement, location or type of vibration dampers
    • B60G13/14Resilient suspensions characterised by arrangement, location or type of vibration dampers having dampers accumulating utilisable energy, e.g. compressing air
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16FSPRINGS; SHOCK-ABSORBERS; MEANS FOR DAMPING VIBRATION
    • F16F9/00Springs, vibration-dampers, shock-absorbers, or similarly-constructed movement-dampers using a fluid or the equivalent as damping medium
    • F16F9/10Springs, vibration-dampers, shock-absorbers, or similarly-constructed movement-dampers using a fluid or the equivalent as damping medium using liquid only; using a fluid of which the nature is immaterial
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16FSPRINGS; SHOCK-ABSORBERS; MEANS FOR DAMPING VIBRATION
    • F16F9/00Springs, vibration-dampers, shock-absorbers, or similarly-constructed movement-dampers using a fluid or the equivalent as damping medium
    • F16F9/32Details
    • F16F9/3207Constructional features

Abstract

The invention provides a ball circuit type electromagnetic energy-feedback shock absorber. The ball circuit type electromagnetic energy-feedback shock absorber comprises a dust cover, an shock absorber rod assembly, an upper cylinder assembly and a lower cylinder assembly. An shock absorber rod is welded in the central position of the base plane of an inner hole of the dust cover, the shock absorber rod assembly is installed in the upper cylinder assembly, and the upper cylinder assembly and the lower cylinder assembly are connected to form the integral shock absorber through a bolt. The shock absorber rod, a flat key, a screw and balls in the shock absorber rod assembly move up and down to drive a roller in the upper cylinder assembly to rotate around the center line of the shock absorber rod, and the roller drives a planetary gear speeder and a generator in the lower cylinder assembly to rotate to output electric energy. The ball circuit type electromagnetic energy-feedback shock absorber has the beneficial effects that mechanical energy of suspension vibration is converted into electric energy to be stored, and energy is saved; the shock absorber rod is supported by two fulcrums with appropriate spacing and has good motion stability; and the shock absorber is completely identical with a cylinder type shock absorber in structural form and has good interchangeability with the cylinder type shock absorber in installation.

Description

Circulating ball type electromagnetism power feeding shock absorber

Technical field

The invention belongs to vehicle vibration damping technical field, be specifically related to a kind of circulating ball type electromagnetism power feeding shock absorber.

Background technology

Automobile to the impact of vehicle thus can be produced vibration by uneven road surface when road traveling, and lasting vibration easily makes to take advantage of Member feels uncomfortable or tired, in order to make the vibration of elastic system decay as early as possible, suspension is also equipped with vibroshock, so that Suspension vibration is decayed rapidly.The most widely used tube hydraulic shock absorber, have compression valve, rebound valve, flowing valve and Four valve groups of recuperation valve, during compression travel, damper piston moves down, and piston lower chambers volume reduces, and oil pressure raises, oil Liquid flows to piston upper chamber room through flowing valve, the volume that the volume that upper chamber increases reduces less than lower chambers, therefore some Fluid is pushed compression valve open and is flowed back to oil storage cylinder, and the throttling action of fluid is just caused the damping to suspension compresses motion by these valves Power;During extension stroke, vibroshock Tensile, damper piston moves, piston upper chamber room volume reduces, and oil pressure raises, Fluid flows into piston lower chambers through rebound valve, and the volume that the volume that lower chambers increases reduces more than upper chamber, in oil storage cylinder Fluid is just pushed recuperation valve open and is flowed into lower chambers, and the throttling action of these valves produces the damping force of suspension stretching exercise.At fluid In motor process, the changes mechanical energy of suspension vibration is that thermal energy consumption dissipates.Above-mentioned conventional damper fails the most complete for part , there is the significant wastage of energy in portion's vibration energy regeneration.Through retrieval prior art literature, patent CN1626370 is announced A kind of energy storage type active suspension actuator of electric motor, patent proposes profit ball nut and ball screw mechanism by brush DC electricity The rotation of machine is converted into ball screw linear motion, actively controls actuator catenary motion by controlling the rotation of motor, To realize the suspension vibration that active buffer causes with decay Uneven road, this actuator needs to input electric energy, also from power supply It is not carried out the effect recovered energy, it is therefore desirable to redesign new type vibration isolator structure, with partially recycled automotive suspension system The vibration kinetic energy of system is to reduce energy dissipation.

Summary of the invention

The defect existed for above-mentioned prior art and deficiency, it is an object of the invention to, and proposes a kind of circulating ball type electromagnetism feedback Can vibroshock, reclaim while suspension part vibrational energy realizing, with existing cylinder type damper to install holding good Good interchangeability.

In order to realize above-mentioned task, the present invention uses following technical solution:

A kind of circulating ball type electromagnetism power feeding shock absorber, including dust cover, damper stem assembly, upper cartridge module and lower cartridge module, It is characterized in that, damper stem is welded on center, dust cover endoporus baseplane, and damper stem assembly is arranged on top cylinder group In part, it is overall that upper cartridge module is bolted into vibroshock with lower cartridge module, damper stem in damper stem assembly, Flat key, leading screw, ball move up and down, and in drive, the cylinder in cartridge module rotates around damper stem centrage, and cylinder drives Planet gear speed increaser and generator rotation in lower cartridge module outwards export electric energy.

Above-mentioned circulating ball type electromagnetism power feeding shock absorber, it is characterised in that damper stem assembly is by damper stem, flat key, silk Sealing on thick stick, ball, ball and seal block composition under block, ball, damper stem upper end coordinates with the guide holder in upper cartridge module, Lower end is coordinated by the cylinder in leading screw, ball and upper cartridge module, and damper stem is double fulcrum supports, and length of support is suitable The job stability of damper stem can be improved, in the middle of damper stem, have an elongated hole, it is simple to fluid refluxes.

Above-mentioned circulating ball type electromagnetism power feeding shock absorber, it is characterised in that upper cartridge module by top cylinder, top cylinder vibroshock nut, Packing ring, oil seal cover, oil sealing, oil seal spacer ring, oil seal spring, guide holder, lining, up-thrust bearing, lower thrust-bearing Forming with cylinder, be provided with bearing shoulder block and fix lower thrust-bearing in top cylinder, cylinder support is at up-thrust bearing and lower thrust axis Between holding, drum cavity one end open, the other end are closed, and inject fluid in cylinder, when damper stem moves up and down, Lubricating ball, drums inside has raceway, and the ball on damper stem rolls in raceway, and cylinder bottom axle stretch end has Spline.

Above-mentioned circulating ball type electromagnetism power feeding shock absorber, it is characterised in that lower cartridge module by doffing, planet gear speed increaser, Shaft coupling, electromotor, bolt become with pin bank, are provided with the wire hole drawing wire bottom doffing, and doffing assembles with top cylinder Become the split type shell of vibroshock.

The circulating ball type electromagnetism power feeding shock absorber of the present invention, when automotive wheel rolls on projection or rolls out pit, wheel shifts near car Frame, by compression, damper stem moves downward vibroshock, drives cylinder, planet gear speed increaser and electromotor to rotate successively, When automotive wheel rolls into pit or is rolled off projection, wheel relative frame is removed, damper stem Tensile, damper stem to Upper motion, drives cylinder, planet gear speed increaser and electromotor opposite direction to rotate successively, outwards exports electric energy.The present invention Provide the benefit that: the mechanical energy of suspension vibration is become electrical power storage, has saved energy;Damper stem obtains Double fulcrum supports that spacing is suitable, have good kinetic stability;The version of vibroshock is complete with cylinder type damper Unanimously, there is good interchangeability with cylinder type damper installing.

Accompanying drawing explanation

Fig. 1 is the circulating ball type electromagnetism power feeding shock absorber front view representing one embodiment of the present invention.

Fig. 2 is the sectional view in Fig. 1 at A-A.

Fig. 3 is the sectional view in Fig. 2 at B-B.

Drawing reference numeral explanation

1, dust cover, 2, damper stem, 3, leading screw, 4, flat key, 5, ball, 6, cylinder, 7, seal block on ball, 8, block is sealed under ball, 9, lower thrust-bearing, 10, top cylinder nut, 11, packing ring, 12, oil seal cover, 13, oil sealing, 14, oil seal spacer ring, 15, oil seal spring, 16, guide holder, 17, lining, 18, up-thrust bearing, 19, planet tooth Wheel speed increaser, 20, electromotor, 21, shaft coupling, 22, doffing, 23, pin, 24, bolt, 25, top cylinder, 26, Bearing shoulder block, 27, oilhole, 28, raceway, 29, spline, 30, wire hole, 31, fluid.

Detailed description of the invention

Below, the circulating ball type electromagnetism power feeding shock absorber in conjunction with accompanying drawing 1~3 couples of present invention is described in detail below.

As shown in Figures 1 to 3, circulating ball type electromagnetism power feeding shock absorber by dust cover 1, damper stem assembly, upper cartridge module and under Cartridge module forms, and wherein damper stem assembly includes sealing on damper stem 2, leading screw 3, flat key 4, ball 5, ball block 7 and ball under seal block 8, upper cartridge module by top cylinder 25, top cylinder vibroshock nut 10, packing ring 11, oil seal cover 12, oil Envelope 13, oil seal spacer ring 14, oil seal spring 15, guide holder 16, lining 17, up-thrust bearing 18, lower thrust-bearing 9, Cylinder 6 forms, lower cartridge module by doffing 22, planet gear speed increaser 19, shaft coupling 21, electromotor 20, bolt 24, Pin 23 forms.

The upper end of damper stem 2 coordinates with the guide holder 16 in upper cartridge module, and lower end is by leading screw 3, ball 5 and top cylinder group The raceway 28 of the cylinder 6 in part coordinates, and damper stem 2 is double fulcrum supports, and length of support is suitable, improves vibroshock The job stability of bar 2, has a long oilhole 27 in the middle of damper stem 2, it is simple to fluid refluxes.

Be provided with bearing shoulder block 26 in top cylinder 25 with fixing lower thrust-bearing 9, cylinder 6 be supported on up-thrust bearing 18 and under push away Between power bearing 9, inject fluid in cylinder 6, when damper stem 2 moves up and down, ball 5 is lubricated, cylinder 6 Inside has raceway 28, cylinder 6 bottom axle stretch end to have spline 29.

Be provided with the wire hole 30 drawing wire bottom doffing 22, doffing 22 and top cylinder 25 be assembled into vibroshock split type outside Shell.

As shown in Figures 1 to 3, damper stem 2 is welded on center, dust cover 1 endoporus baseplane, and damper stem 2 is first loaded onto Top cylinder vibroshock nut 10, packing ring 11, oil seal cover 12, oil sealing 13, oil seal spacer ring 14, oil seal spring 15, guiding Seat 16, lining 17, then install to seal on ball and seal block 8 under block 7, flat key 4, leading screw 3, ball 5 and ball, in rolling Cylinder 6 tops put up-thrust bearing 18, damper stem 2 rotates loading cylinder 6, puts into lower thrust in top cylinder 25 Bearing 9, place into cylinder 6, top cylinder vibroshock nut 10 is screwed in top cylinder end thread, electromotor 20 is put into Doffing 22, draws the wire of electromotor 20 from the wire hole 30 of doffing 22, and electromotor 20 is by shaft coupling 21 On planet gear speed increaser 19, the splined shaft of planet gear speed increaser 19 inserts the spline 29 of cylinder 6 axle stretch end In, doffing 22 links into an integrated entity with top cylinder 25 pin 23 and bolt 24.

Circulating ball type electromagnetism power feeding shock absorber, when damper stem 2 moves downward, drives cylinder 6, planetary gear to increase successively Speed device 19 and electromotor 20 work, and when damper stem 2 moves upward, drive cylinder 6, planetary gear speedup successively Device 19 and electromotor 20 opposite direction rotate, and outwards export electric energy.

The deformation of embodiment

It addition, the invention is not limited in above-mentioned embodiment, the deformation in the range of the object of the invention can be realized, improve and also wrap It is contained in the present invention.

Claims (4)

1. a circulating ball type electromagnetism power feeding shock absorber, including dust cover, damper stem assembly, upper cartridge module and lower cartridge module, it is special Levying and be, damper stem is welded on center, dust cover endoporus baseplane, and damper stem assembly is arranged in cartridge module, on It is overall that cartridge module is bolted into vibroshock with lower cartridge module, damper stem in damper stem assembly, flat key, leading screw, Ball moves up and down, and in drive, the cylinder in cartridge module rotates around damper stem centrage, and cylinder drives the planet in doffing assembly Gear speeder and generator rotation outwards export electric energy.
2. circulating ball type electromagnetism power feeding shock absorber as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that damper stem assembly by damper stem, Sealing on flat key, leading screw, ball, ball and seal block composition under block, ball, damper stem upper end is joined with the guide holder in upper cartridge module Closing, lower end is coordinated by the cylinder in leading screw, ball and upper cartridge module, and damper stem is double fulcrum supports, and length of support is suitable The job stability of damper stem can be improved, in the middle of damper stem, have an elongated hole, it is simple to fluid refluxes.
3. circulating ball type electromagnetism power feeding shock absorber as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that upper cartridge module is by top cylinder, top cylinder vibration damping Device nut, packing ring, oil seal cover, oil sealing, oil seal spacer ring, oil seal spring, guide holder, lining, up-thrust bearing, lower thrust Bearing and cylinder composition, be provided with bearing shoulder block and fix lower thrust-bearing in top cylinder, cylinder support is at up-thrust bearing and lower thrust axis Between holding, drum cavity one end open, the other end are closed, and inject fluid, when damper stem moves up and down, to rolling in cylinder Pearl lubricates, and drums inside has raceway, and the ball on damper stem rolls in raceway, and cylinder bottom axle stretch end has spline.
4. circulating ball type electromagnetism power feeding shock absorber as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that lower cartridge module is by doffing, planetary gear Speed increaser, shaft coupling, electromotor, bolt become with pin bank, are provided with the wire hole drawing wire, doffing and top cylinder bottom doffing It is assembled into the split type shell of vibroshock.
CN201610288323.4A 2016-04-25 2016-04-25 Circulating ball type electromagnetism power feeding shock absorber CN105864342B (en)

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106594152A (en) * 2016-12-12 2017-04-26 上乘精密科技(苏州)有限公司 Variable damping vibration reducer capable of generating electricity
CN106641080A (en) * 2016-12-12 2017-05-10 上乘精密科技(苏州)有限公司 Hydraulic type changeable damping shock absorber with electricity generating function
CN106763455A (en) * 2016-12-12 2017-05-31 上乘精密科技(苏州)有限公司 A kind of pneumatic spring variable-damp vibration damper assembly for generating electricity
CN107965542A (en) * 2017-12-11 2018-04-27 山东交通学院 A kind of combined electromagnetic damper
CN108799030A (en) * 2018-05-25 2018-11-13 北京航空航天大学 Electromagnetic type vibration damping and energy-absorbing power generator

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CN204419973U (en) * 2015-01-29 2015-06-24 西安科技大学 A kind of energy magneto-rheological vibration damper
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Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106594152A (en) * 2016-12-12 2017-04-26 上乘精密科技(苏州)有限公司 Variable damping vibration reducer capable of generating electricity
CN106641080A (en) * 2016-12-12 2017-05-10 上乘精密科技(苏州)有限公司 Hydraulic type changeable damping shock absorber with electricity generating function
CN106763455A (en) * 2016-12-12 2017-05-31 上乘精密科技(苏州)有限公司 A kind of pneumatic spring variable-damp vibration damper assembly for generating electricity
CN106594152B (en) * 2016-12-12 2018-07-17 上乘精密科技(苏州)有限公司 A kind of variable damping absorber that can be generated electricity
CN106641080B (en) * 2016-12-12 2018-08-17 上乘精密科技(苏州)有限公司 A kind of fluid pressure type variable-damp vibration damper with generating function
CN107965542A (en) * 2017-12-11 2018-04-27 山东交通学院 A kind of combined electromagnetic damper
CN108799030A (en) * 2018-05-25 2018-11-13 北京航空航天大学 Electromagnetic type vibration damping and energy-absorbing power generator

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