CN107963470A - A kind of cargo stacking device - Google Patents

A kind of cargo stacking device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107963470A
CN107963470A CN201711446119.1A CN201711446119A CN107963470A CN 107963470 A CN107963470 A CN 107963470A CN 201711446119 A CN201711446119 A CN 201711446119A CN 107963470 A CN107963470 A CN 107963470A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
cargo
conveying
open
pallet fork
type
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201711446119.1A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王猛
韩震峰
贠超
张川
吴昊
董冲
王扬
孙大海
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Dalian Harbin High-tech Co., Ltd.
Original Assignee
Harbin Special Robot Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Harbin Special Robot Co Ltd filed Critical Harbin Special Robot Co Ltd
Priority to CN201711446119.1A priority Critical patent/CN107963470A/en
Publication of CN107963470A publication Critical patent/CN107963470A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G21/00Supporting or protective framework or housings for endless load-carriers or traction elements of belt or chain conveyors
    • B65G21/10Supporting or protective framework or housings for endless load-carriers or traction elements of belt or chain conveyors movable, or having interchangeable or relatively movable parts; Devices for moving framework or parts thereof
    • B65G21/12Supporting or protective framework or housings for endless load-carriers or traction elements of belt or chain conveyors movable, or having interchangeable or relatively movable parts; Devices for moving framework or parts thereof to allow adjustment of position of load-carrier or traction element as a whole
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G21/00Supporting or protective framework or housings for endless load-carriers or traction elements of belt or chain conveyors
    • B65G21/10Supporting or protective framework or housings for endless load-carriers or traction elements of belt or chain conveyors movable, or having interchangeable or relatively movable parts; Devices for moving framework or parts thereof
    • B65G21/14Supporting or protective framework or housings for endless load-carriers or traction elements of belt or chain conveyors movable, or having interchangeable or relatively movable parts; Devices for moving framework or parts thereof to allow adjustment of length or configuration of load-carrier or traction element
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G43/00Control devices, e.g. for safety, warning or fault-correcting
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G57/00Stacking of articles
    • B65G57/32Stacking of articles characterised by stacking during transit
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G2203/00Indexing code relating to control or detection of the articles or the load carriers during conveying
    • B65G2203/04Detection means
    • B65G2203/042Sensors

Abstract

The present invention relates to logistics machinery equipment technical field, more particularly to a kind of cargo stacking device.The device includes Extendible belt conveyer, open-close type cargo piles up mechanism, transverse-moving mechanism, connecting mechanism and control device, open-close type cargo is piled up mechanism and is connected with the transverse-moving mechanism, and it can be moved along transverse-moving mechanism, the transverse-moving mechanism is fixedly connected with connecting mechanism, and what the connecting mechanism rotated is connected to Extendible belt conveyer;Control device control open-close type cargo is piled up mechanism and is moved along traversing frame, and control two foldings from conveying-type pallet fork of open-close type cargo stacking mechanism, realize and cargo is transported to designated position, and automatically stacking by row, by column, successively, and the control of pile type is preferable, the bit error rate is low.

Description

A kind of cargo stacking device
Technical field
The present invention relates to logistics machinery equipment technical field, more particularly to a kind of cargo stacking device.
Background technology
The industries such as sugar refinery, cement plant, express delivery, tobacco have the demand to cargo entrucking and transhipment.And above-mentioned enterprise Output, transhipment amount are larger, there is higher demand to automatic loading system.
Mainly there are three kinds to the mode of cargo automatic entrucking and transhipment at present:
The first is by robot palletizer, and the cargo transferred out on production line is piled up the pallet beside production line On, after one pile of code, lorry entrucking is transported to by fork truck.Efficiency is of a relatively high, but invests larger.
Second is traditional carloader, the cargo transported out on production line can be transported to boxcar entrance Place, gunnysack finally manually being moved into, stacking entrucking is carried out in compartment, and labor intensity is big, and operating environment is poor, and is existed very big Security risk.
The third is cargo stacking device, is coordinated using flexible harden structure and transport mechanism, although goods can be realized The stacking of thing, but unloading is piled up using expansion plate structure, larger frictional force can be produced with cargo, when piling up, that is, taken out Phenomena such as band-offset, inclination, rolling occurs in cargo when plate falls goods, and pile type randomness is larger, and the bit error rate is high.
The content of the invention
The object of the present invention is to provide a kind of cargo stacking device, cargo quickly can be transported to designated position, And stacking function successively, by column is realized to cargo, and the control of pile type is preferable, the bit error rate is low.
To achieve these goals, the present invention provides a kind of cargo stacking device, including telescopic belt to convey Machine, open-close type cargo pile up mechanism, transverse-moving mechanism, connecting mechanism and control device, and the open-close type cargo piles up mechanism and institute Transverse-moving mechanism connection is stated, and can be moved along the transverse-moving mechanism, the transverse-moving mechanism is fixedly connected with the connecting mechanism, institute That states connecting mechanism rotation is connected to the Extendible belt conveyer;
The open-close type cargo stacking mechanism is spaced from conveying-type pallet fork including two, and from conveying described in two The spacing of formula pallet fork is adjustable;
The open-close type cargo is piled up mechanism and is connected with the control device, and the control device controls the open-close type goods Thing is piled up mechanism and is moved along the transverse-moving mechanism, and controls from the folding of conveying-type pallet fork described in two, with described in adjustment two From the spacing of conveying-type pallet fork.
Preferably, above mentioned goods stacking device further includes folding bracket, and the open-close type cargo is piled up mechanism and passed through The folding bracket is installed on the transverse-moving mechanism, and the folding bracket drives open-close type cargo to pile up mechanism along the horizontal stroke Telephone-moving structure moves;
The open-close type cargo piles up mechanism and further includes lifting gear, and the lifting gear includes lifting enforcement division and lifting Frame, is moveably mounted on the crane respectively described in two from conveying-type pallet fork, and the lifting enforcement division is installed on institute Folding bracket is stated, and is connected with the crane, drives two to be lifted from conveying-type pallet fork by the crane.
Preferably, the connecting mechanism includes cross-connecting frame and flexible enforcement division, and one end of the cross-connecting frame is stretched by described Contracting enforcement division is connected with the Extendible belt conveyer, and the other end fixes the transverse-moving mechanism, and the company of rotation is equipped between both ends Socket part, the cross-connecting frame is rotatablely connected by the rotating junction and the Extendible belt conveyer, by adjusting described The collapsing length of flexible enforcement division makes the cross-connecting frame be rotated relative to the Extendible belt conveyer.
Preferably, the transverse-moving mechanism includes traversing frame, traversing motor, driving pulley, driven pulley and traversing synchronization Band, the traversing frame are fixedly connected with the connecting mechanism, and the traversing motor is fixed on the traversing frame, the master Movable belt pulley and driven pulley are separately positioned on the both ends of the traversing frame, and the driving pulley and the driven pulley pass through The traversing synchronous band connection, wherein, the output axis connection of the driving pulley and the traversing motor;
The traversing synchronous belt piles up mechanism contacts with the open-close type cargo, and mechanism edge is piled up for the open-close type cargo The traversing frame movement provides power.
Further, it is additionally provided between the driving pulley and the driven pulley for adjusting the traversing synchronous belt Tensioning wheel.
Preferably, multiple rollers being equipped with from conveying-type pallet fork described, wherein at least one roller is driving roller, And be connected with driving motor, other rollers are driven roller, and the driving roller passes through chain drive or skin with the driven roller V belt translation.
Further, multiple rollers are arranged at intervals along the length direction from conveying-type pallet fork, adjacent two One or more passive rollers are equipped between a roller.
Preferably, the lifting enforcement division is rodless cylinder, and the sliding block of the rodless cylinder is connected with the crane;
It is moveably mounted to described in each from conveying-type pallet fork by mobile unit on the crane, in two institutes State and be used to adjust described in two from the pallet fork pushing part of conveying-type pallet fork spacing from being equipped between conveying-type pallet fork.
Preferably, the folding bracket is equipped with horizon sensor;And/or
The open-close type cargo piles up mechanism and is equipped with avoidance sensor;
The horizon sensor and/or avoidance sensor are connected with control device signal, and the control device is according to institute The data message for stating horizon sensor collection adjusts the levelness of the connecting mechanism;
The control device stops the open-close type cargo arranging machine according to the information gathered of the avoidance sensor The movement of structure.
In another preferred embodiment, the open-close type cargo piles up mechanism and further includes caching Belt Conveying portion, institute Caching Belt Conveying portion is stated to be installed on folding bracket, and positioned at described from conveying-type pallet fork and the Extendible belt conveyer Between;
The both ends in the caching Belt Conveying portion are respectively equipped with one and are used to count the open-close type cargo stacking mechanism The sensor for countering of current cargo quantity, the control device are described flexible according to sensor for countering feedack control Formula belt conveyor conveying speed or start and stop.
The above-mentioned technical proposal of the present invention has the following advantages that:Cargo stacking device provided by the invention, including stretch Contracting formula belt conveyor, open-close type cargo pile up mechanism, transverse-moving mechanism, connecting mechanism and control device, the open-close type cargo Pile up mechanism to be connected with the transverse-moving mechanism, and can be moved along the transverse-moving mechanism, the transverse-moving mechanism and the handing-over machine Structure is fixedly connected, and what the connecting mechanism rotated is connected to the Extendible belt conveyer;
The open-close type cargo is piled up mechanism and is connected with the control device, and the control device controls the open-close type goods Thing is piled up mechanism and is moved along the transverse-moving mechanism, and controls open-close type cargo to pile up described in two of mechanism from conveying-type pallet fork Folding, realizes cargo being transported to designated position, and automatically stacking by row, by column, successively, and the control of pile type is preferably, by mistake Code check is low.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is one cargo stacking device schematic diagram of the embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the structure diagram of one cross-connecting frame of the embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is the structure diagram of one transverse-moving mechanism of the embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 4 is structure diagram of the embodiment of the present invention one from conveying-type pallet fork;
Fig. 5 is the A-A sectional views of Fig. 4;
Fig. 6 is the top view of Fig. 4;
Fig. 7 is the structure diagram of one lifting gear of the embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 8 is the structure diagram of one crane of the embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 9 is the structure diagram of one mobile unit of the embodiment of the present invention;
Figure 10 is the structure diagram from conveying-type pallet fork of the embodiment of the present invention two;
Figure 11 be the embodiment of the present invention two from conveying-type pallet fork split after schematic perspective view;
Figure 12 is the structure diagram of the drive of the embodiment of the present invention two;
Figure 13 is the structure diagram of two cargo stacking device of the embodiment of the present invention;
Figure 14 is the structure diagram that two open-close type cargo of the embodiment of the present invention piles up mechanism;
Figure 15 is the structure diagram of two one working status of cargo stacking device of the embodiment of the present invention.
In figure:1:Connecting mechanism;11:Cross-connecting frame;111:Rotating junction;12:Flexible enforcement division;2:Transverse-moving mechanism;21: Traversing frame;22:Traversing motor;23:Driving pulley;24:Driven pulley;25:Traversing synchronous belt;26:Position sensor;27: Motor exports synchronous belt;28:Synchronous pulley;29:Tensioning wheel;3:Folding bracket;4:Open-close type cargo piles up mechanism;40:Pallet fork Pushing part;41:From conveying-type pallet fork;42:Drive motor;43:Driving roller;44:Driven roller;45:Passive roller;46:Turn over Side;47:Drive sprocket;48:Roller shaft;49:Mobile unit;491:L-type plate;492:First guide rail wheel;493:Second guide rail wheel; 494:Fixed seat;400:Folding guide rail;5:Lifting gear;51:Lift enforcement division;52:Crane;6:Cache Belt Conveying portion; 7:Conveyor-belt apparatus;71:Drive;711:Guide groove;72:Conveyer belt;721:Gib block;73:Transmit belt bracket;731:Accommodate Groove;8:Conveyer belt tightening device;81:U-shaped frame;82:Adjusting bolt.100:Extendible belt conveyer;101:Conveyer belt structure; 102:Conveyer frame body;103:Conveyer shaft;104:Conveyer hydraulic cylinder.
Embodiment
To make the purpose, technical scheme and advantage of the embodiment of the present invention clearer, below in conjunction with the embodiment of the present invention In attached drawing, the technical solution in the embodiment of the present invention is clearly and completely described, it is clear that described embodiment is The part of the embodiment of the present invention, instead of all the embodiments.Based on the embodiments of the present invention, ordinary skill people Member's all other embodiments obtained on the premise of creative work is not made, belong to the scope of protection of the invention.
Embodiment one
As shown in Figure 1, cargo stacking device provided in an embodiment of the present invention include Extendible belt conveyer 100, Open-close type cargo piles up mechanism 4, transverse-moving mechanism 2, connecting mechanism 1 and control device, wherein, open-close type cargo pile up mechanism 4 with Transverse-moving mechanism 2 connects, and can be moved along transverse-moving mechanism 2, and transverse-moving mechanism 2 is fixedly connected with connecting mechanism 1, and connecting mechanism 1 rotation is connected on Extendible belt conveyer 100, and cargo is delivered to open-close type cargo by Extendible belt conveyer 100 Mechanism 4 is piled up, mechanism 4 is piled up by open-close type cargo and piles up cargo to designated position (article stacking point, lorry body, packaging Case etc.).
Specifically, connecting mechanism 1 is mainly used for open-close type cargo piling up mechanism 4 and Extendible belt conveyer 100, and Drive open-close type cargo to pile up 4 relative telescopic formula belt conveyor 100 of mechanism to rotate, Extendible belt conveyer 100 into After row pitch angle is adjusted, so that open-close type cargo piles up the carry out angle adjustment that mechanism 4 can be adapted, make open-close type cargo Pile up mechanism 4 and remain horizontal at work, piled up beneficial to cargo.
In one embodiment, as depicted in figs. 1 and 2, connecting mechanism 1 includes cross-connecting frame 11 and flexible enforcement division 12, hands over The one end for connecing frame 11 is connected by flexible enforcement division 12 with Extendible belt conveyer 100, and transverse-moving mechanism 2 is fixed on cross-connecting frame 11 The other end, be equipped with rotating junction 111 between the both ends of cross-connecting frame 11, cross-connecting frame 11 by rotating junction 111 with it is flexible Formula belt conveyor 100 is rotatablely connected.Primarily serve connection Extendible belt conveyer 100 and open-close type cargo piles up mechanism 4 Effect, and preferably, open-close type cargo can be adjusted and pile up mechanism 4 and the setting angle of Extendible belt conveyer 100, When the pitch angle of Extendible belt conveyer 100 is changed, it can easily adjust open-close type cargo and pile up mechanism 4, Make its holding horizontal.
Preferably, rotating junction 111 is articulated structure, including hinged seat and articulated shaft, when needing high speed angle, is led to Crossing the collapsing length of the flexible enforcement division 12 of adjustment makes cross-connecting frame 11 is relatively described centered on the articulated shaft of rotating junction 111 to stretch Contracting formula belt conveyor rotates.
Preferably, enforcement division 12 of stretching can be hydraulic cylinder, cylinder or electric cylinder.
In one embodiment, as shown in figures 1 and 3, transverse-moving mechanism 2 includes traversing frame 21, traversing motor 22, active Belt wheel 23, driven pulley 24 and traversing synchronous belt 25, wherein, traversing frame 21 is fixedly connected with the cross-connecting frame 11 of connecting mechanism 1, Traversing motor 22 is fixed on traversing frame 21, and driving pulley 23 and driven pulley 24 are separately positioned on the two of traversing frame 21 End, and driving pulley 23 and driven pulley 24 are connected by traversing synchronous belt 25, wherein, driving pulley 23 and traversing motor 22 Output shaft direct or indirect connection.The output shaft of i.e. traversing motor 22 can be directly connected with driving pulley 23, can also be such as Fig. 3 It is shown, according to topology layout situations such as traversing 22 installation sites of motor, synchronous belt 27 is exported by motor and synchronous pulley 28 passes Move to driving pulley 23.
Traversing synchronous belt 25 is piled up mechanism 4 with open-close type cargo and is contacted, and the power of traversing motor 22 is passed through traversing synchronization Band 25 passes to open-close type cargo and piles up mechanism, piles up mechanism 4 for open-close type cargo and moves offer power along traversing frame 21.
Preferably, for adjusting traversing tensity of synchronous belt is additionally provided between driving pulley 23 and driven pulley 23 Bearing up pulley 29.
Preferably, traversing synchronous belt 25 can be used to pile up mechanism with open-close type cargo by pressing plate or other fixed structures 4 fix, and avoid sliding in transmission process.
Open-close type cargo stacking mechanism 4 can certainly be fixed with driving-chain, by traversing motor 22 by chain drive Power passes to open-close type cargo and piles up mechanism 4.
Preferably, position sensor 26 is respectively set in the both sides of traversing frame 21, for example, travel switch etc., for limiting Open-close type cargo piles up shift motion of the mechanism along traversing frame 21.A position sensing is also provided with the middle part of traversing frame 21 Device 26, preferably to determine that open-close type cargo piles up the position of mechanism.
As shown in Figure 1, open-close type cargo pile up mechanism 4 include two it is spaced from conveying-type pallet fork 41, and two It is adjustable from the spacing distance of conveying-type pallet fork 41.For example, two can be adjusted from conveying-type pallet fork 41 by moving one of them From the spacing of conveying-type pallet fork 41.In the present embodiment preferably, by the way that adjustment two is from conveying-type pallet fork 41 at the same time, to change two A spacing from conveying-type pallet fork 41.Compared with prior art, cargo is placed on two from conveying-type pallet fork 41, both sides with from Conveying-type pallet fork contacts, its contact area is relatively small, and in unloading, two from conveying-type pallet fork 41 at the same time to remote other side's Direction is moved, and increases two spacing from conveying-type pallet fork 41, cargo is referring to from two from dropping between conveying-type pallet fork 41 Positioning is put, and in the process, since contact area is small, while being subject to the power of both direction, makes the stress balance of cargo, no The laterally movement (from the direction of conveying-type pallet fork movement) can occur, have more preferable control to cargo touchdown point, be conducive to keep goods Thing code goods it is neat, the bit error rate is low.Stacking effect especially to container type cargo is more preferable.Even if to various sizes of cargo, Also can be by adjusting two from the interval of conveying-type pallet fork 41, to ensure that being located at cargo both sides from conveying-type pallet fork 41 leans on proximal edge Position, it is mobile from conveying-type pallet fork 41 during, reduce the time of contact from conveying-type pallet fork 41 and cargo to the greatest extent, make Cargo can be piled up more preferably faster.
In addition, in the present embodiment, Extendible belt conveyer 100 is mainly used for defeated to open-close type cargo stacking mechanism 4 Delivery thing, and can also be adjusted by itself telescopic and pitch angle and be stretched to adjust open-close type cargo stacking mechanism 4 The distance and the height at place gone out, realize it is multiple rows of successively pile up, transverse-moving mechanism 2 be mainly open-close type cargo pile up mechanism 4 provide One traversing platform, the lateral position of mechanism 4 is piled up for adjusting open-close type cargo, and realization is piled up by column, both, which combine, is Realize the stacking of cargo by row, by column, successively.
During cargo is piled up, control device is mainly used for controlling open-close type cargo to pile up the position that mechanism arrival is specified Put, and when cargo is transported to from the landing of conveying-type pallet fork 41 from conveying-type pallet fork 41, unloading is completed in the position specified. Specifically, after cargo reaches discharge location, control device controls two foldings from conveying-type pallet fork 41, so as to adjust two From the spacing of conveying-type pallet fork 41, cargo is set to complete to pile up in corresponding position from dropping from conveying-type pallet fork 41.
Although in certain embodiments, the flexible and pitch angle of Extendible belt conveyer 100, which is adjusted, can pass through people To adjust, but in order to improve the degree of automation.In this embodiment, it is preferred that Extendible belt conveyer 100 with control Device connects, according to the position of cargo stacking device, the position of store items, cargo size, the number of rows of store items, row Number and the number of plies, set control device.
Exemplified by using the cargo stacking device of the present embodiment by cargo stacking to wagon box, first according to goods The position relationship of the size of thing, the depth and width of wagon box and height, cargo stacking device and wagon box, determines cargo The strategy of stacking simultaneously sets control device, realizes the stacking of cargo.For example, cargo stacking device and lorry The position in railway carriage or compartment is it has been determined that and determine that cargo is piled up first since on the left of orlop first row in wagon box, i.e., with herein for code The starting point put, the height of 100 front end of control device control Extendible belt conveyer and the length of elongation, make to be located at its front end Open-close type cargo pile up mechanism and can reach the wagon box most inner side position of first row (cargo pile up), cargo is through telescopic skin Band conveyer 100 is transported to open-close type cargo and piles up mechanism 4, and control device control open-close type cargo is piled up mechanism and is moved to the left to Discharge location, and cargo is also transported to from the landing of conveying-type pallet fork 41 from conveying-type pallet fork 41 and (referred to from conveying-type pallet fork 41 certain part, downside does not influence cargo whereabouts without other components at this), control device controls two from conveying-type pallet fork 41 move to the direction away from other side, both spacing increase, the designated position for the wagon box that cargo drops, so latter two oneself Conveying-type pallet fork 41 sets back, and open-close type cargo stacking mechanism 4 is also moved along transverse-moving mechanism 2 returns to original position, then proceedes to The stacking of second cargo on the left of orlop first row, during current pile up, the distance that cargo is moved to the left reduces one The width distance of cargo.And so on, when piling up the second layer, telescopic belt is adjusted by conveyer hydraulic cylinder 104 and is conveyed The pitch angle of machine 100, makes Extendible belt conveyer 100 the open-close type cargo positioned at front end is piled up mechanism 4 and raises quite In the distance of a cargo height.When piling up second row, the extension elongation of Extendible belt conveyer 100 is adjusted, makes to be located at The open-close type cargo of front end piles up the distance that mechanism 4 exits back a cargo length (thickness).
It should be noted that whether detection cargo reaches designated position and can be realized by many modes, for example, position passes Sensor, infrared detection sensor, close switch pass through alignment sensor, displacement sensor detection displacement realization positioning. Control device can be computer, microcontroller, PLC control system etc..
It should also be noted that, Extendible belt conveyer 100 is existing ripe equipment, mainly including conveyer belt structure 101, conveyer frame body 102, conveyer shaft 103 and conveyer hydraulic cylinder 104, conveyer belt structure 101 pass through conveyer shaft 103 are installed in rotation on conveyer frame body 101, and conveyer hydraulic cylinder 104 is conveyer belt structure 101 around conveyer shaft 103 rotate offer power, its specific structure does not repeat.
In a preferred embodiment, cargo stacking device further includes folding bracket 3, open-close type cargo arranging machine Structure 4 is installed on traversing frame 2 by folding bracket 3, and folding bracket 3 can drive open-close type cargo to pile up mechanism 4 along traversing Frame 2 moves.
Preferably, horizon sensor is equipped with folding bracket 3, horizon sensor avoidance sensor is believed with control device Number connection, the data message that control device gather according to horizon sensor adjusts the levelness of connecting mechanism, so as to ensure folding Formula cargo piles up the levelness of mechanism, cargo is steadily piled up.
Further, front side, the left and right sides and the upper and lower both sides for mechanism 4 being piled up in open-close type cargo are equipped with avoidance sensing Device, prevents open-close type cargo from piling up mechanism 4 and colliding in moving process with other things, avoidance sensor and control device Signal connects, and when having barrier in the direction of movement, control device stops open-close type goods according to the information of avoidance sensor feedback Thing piles up the movement of mechanism 4, and sends alarm.
It should be noted that the signal connection described in the present embodiment, includes but not limited to cable electrical connection, wireless connection Deng.Avoidance sensor can be ultrasonic sensor, infrared sensor etc..
Preferably, as shown in Fig. 1, Fig. 7 and Fig. 8, open-close type cargo piles up mechanism 4 and further includes lifting gear 5, wherein, rise Falling unit 5 includes lifting enforcement division 51 and crane 52, and two are moveably mounted to crane respectively from conveying-type pallet fork 41 On 52, lifting enforcement division 51 is installed on folding bracket 51, and is connected with crane 52, and two are driven from conveying by crane 52 Formula pallet fork lifts.
In the particular embodiment, it can be rodless cylinder, hydraulic cylinder or electric cylinder to lift enforcement division 51.Such as Fig. 7 and Fig. 8 Shown, in a preferred embodiment, lifting enforcement division 51 is rodless cylinder, and sliding block (sliding part) and the crane 52 of rodless cylinder connect Connect, be each moveably mounted to from conveying-type pallet fork 41 by mobile unit 49 on crane 52, so as to pass through no bar gas Cylinder is acted on crane 52, is driven two and is lifted from conveying-type pallet fork 41, and then can adjust cargo in right amount in code goods Two, for example, in store items, can be reduced to the bottom of folding bracket 3 by flooring height from conveying-type pallet fork 41, as far as possible Put close to code goods yard, reduce cargo collision.It is used to adjust two from conveying-type from being equipped between conveying-type pallet fork 41 at two The pallet fork pushing part 40 of 41 spacing of pallet fork, for adjustment, two provide power from conveying-type pallet fork 41.
Preferably, as shown in fig. 7, pallet fork pushing part 40 is hydraulic cylinder, further, two hydraulic cylinders are arranged in parallel, and Pushing direction is on the contrary, each hydraulic cylinder corresponds to one from conveying-type pallet fork 41.
It should be noted that refer to that itself is capable of the goods of conveying articles from conveying-type pallet fork 41 described in the present embodiment Fork, i.e., cargo is transported to from after conveying-type pallet fork 41, and goods movement is driven again extremely by the structure of itself from conveying-type pallet fork 41 Landing.
Preferably, as shown in figs. 7 to 9, mobile unit 49 include L-type plate 491, fixed seat 494, at least one first Guide rail wheel 492, L-type plate 491 are the main body of mobile unit 49, and fixed seat 494 is fixed on L-type plate 491 to be used to install and fixes certainly Conveying-type pallet fork 41, the first guide rail wheel 492 coordinate with the folding guide rail 400 on crane 52, make two from conveying-type pallet fork 41 It can be moved along crane 52.
Preferably, folding guide rail 400 is straight harden structure, and what mobile unit 49 included two spaced and parallel settings first leads Rail wheel 492, upper and lower surfaces of two the first guide rail wheels 492 respectively with straight harden structure contact, and can be moved along two faces, The spacing of both direction is formed, reduces the risk that mobile unit 49 is derailed.
In a preferred embodiment, as shown in Figure 7 and Figure 8, respectively setting one has one to the opposite both sides of crane 52 1 The folding guide rail 400 of straight harden structure, two mobile units 49 is arranged at intervals on each folding guide rail 400, each from conveying-type Pallet fork 41 is connected fixation with 400 matched mobile units 49 of a folding guide rail respectively, i.e., each from conveying-type pallet fork 41, at the same time with being connected respectively with two folding guide rails, 400 matched two mobile units 49, not only make from conveying-type pallet fork 41 Can have stable support, also make mobile unit 49 formed from the length direction of conveying-type pallet fork 41 it is spacing, further Prevent mobile unit 41 from derailing.
One and 492 vertically disposed second guide rail wheel 493 of the first guide rail wheel can certainly be set on L-type plate 41, Second guide rail wheel 493 and the end contact of the folding guide rail 400 of straight harden structure, and moved along the end face, setting one During the first guide rail wheel 492, which forms the spacing of both direction with first guide rail wheel 492;Setting two During a first guide rail wheel 492, second guide rail wheel 493 and two the first guide rail wheels 492 form the spacing of three directions.
It is real by multiple rollers from conveying-type pallet fork 41 in a preferred embodiment as shown in Fig. 1, Fig. 4 and Fig. 6 Now from conveying.Specifically, be long groove body from the body of conveying-type pallet fork 41, in the conveying-type pallet fork 41 along from conveying-type pallet fork 41 length direction (cargo conveying direction) sets multiple rollers, and each roller is fixed on from conveying-type pallet fork by roller shaft 48 In 41, wherein at least one roller is driving roller 43, other rollers are driven roller 44, driving roller 43 and driving motor 42 output axis connection, from the outside of conveying-type pallet fork 41, the roller shaft 48 of driving roller 43 and driven roller 44 is equipped with For chaindriven drive sprocket 47, driving roller 43 passes through chain drive with driven roller 44.
Drive sprocket 47 can certainly be replaced with to belt pulley, driving roller 43 is passed with driven roller 44 by belt It is dynamic.
Preferably, as shown in Figure 4, Figure 5 and Figure 6, flange 46 is equipped with from the outer body height of conveying-type pallet fork 41, blocks rolling The structure on the outside such as end, drive sprocket 47 or belt pulley of wheel shaft 48, prevents from impacting cargo conveying.At two certainly The position of non-landing sets cover board between conveying-type pallet fork 41, for blocking lifting gear 5, and prevents cargo from falling in landing Fall.
It should be noted that in order to show part-structure that flange 46 blocks, part flange 46 has been cut off in Fig. 4.
In another preferred embodiment, as shown in fig. 6, multiple roller edges length from conveying-type pallet fork 41 Spend direction to be arranged at intervals, one or more passive rollers 45 are equipped between two adjacent rollers, i.e., in 43 He of driving roller Multiple passive rollers 45 are set between driven roller 44 and between driven roller 44 that two are adjacent, reduce the spacing between roller, Conveying capacity is improved, while reduces and the drive mechanism such as drive sprocket 47 or belt pulley, driving roller 43 and driven roller 44 is set Goods movement is driven, cargo drives passive roller to rotate, so as to provide certain thrust for cargo.Preferably, driving roller 43 The width that spacing between driven roller 44 and between driven roller 44 that two adjacent is respectively less than cargo is preferred.
Embodiment two
The present embodiment two and embodiment one are essentially identical, and something in common repeats no more, and difference is:Such as Figure 10-figure Shown in 12, realize that cargo conveys by conveyor-belt apparatus 7 from conveying-type pallet fork 41, which includes drive 71, passes Send band 72 and transmission belt bracket 73.Wherein, the periphery of drive 71 is equipped with guide groove 711, between multiple drives 71 are rotatable Every being arranged on from conveying-type pallet fork 41.Specifically, drive 71 can be rotatably fixed on from conveying-type by rotation axis In pallet fork 41.The inner side of conveyer belt 72 is equipped with the gib block 721 coordinated with guide groove 711, and drive 71 drives 72 turns of conveyer belt It is dynamic.Belt bracket 73 is transmitted positioned at adjacent drive 71 between, and is used to support institute from conveying-type pallet fork 41 described in being fixed on Conveyer belt 72 is stated, transmits the holding tank 731 for being additionally provided with belt bracket 73 and coordinating with gib block 721, driving motor 42 is at least one A drive 71 provides power, i.e., at least one drive 71 is with driving the output shaft of motor 42 directly or by transmission device It is indirectly connected with, which is transmitted in other drives 71 by conveyer belt 72.
Preferably, as is illustrated by figs. 11 and 12, drive 71 is equipped with two guide grooves 711, matched conveyer belt 72 Two gib blocks 721 are equipped with, conveyer belt 72 is coordinated by gib block 721 and guide groove 711, is not only able to prevent conveyer belt 72 Along the axial movement of drive 71, additionally it is possible to realize preferably transmission, improve transmission efficiency.Two gib blocks 721 are respectively positioned on appearance Receive in groove 731, when having cargo from conveying-type pallet fork 41, transmission belt bracket 73 provides enough supports for conveyer belt 72, makes Local transition depression will not occur for conveyer belt 72, so as to avoid adverse effect caused by being conveyed to cargo.And from conveying-type goods Fork 41 by conveyor-belt apparatus 7 to bag cargo carry out conveying pile up effect it is more preferable.
In a preferred embodiment, conveyer belt tightening device 8 is additionally provided with from the front end of conveying-type pallet fork 41, wherein, pass Band tightening device 8 is sent to include U-shaped frame 81 and adjusting bolt 82, the open end of U-shaped frame 81 is fixed from outside conveying-type pallet fork 41 Side and it is connected with the drive 71 from 41 front end of conveying-type pallet fork, specifically, can be set in the rotation axis of drive 71, Adjusting bolt 82 is through front end side wall from conveying-type pallet fork 41 is against behind the bottom of U-shaped frame 81, by rotating adjusting bolt 82 The drive 71 and the distance of the front end side wall from conveying-type pallet fork 41 from conveying-type pallet fork front end are adjusted, realizes conveyer belt 72 Elasticity adjusts.
Embodiment three
As shown in Figure 13-Figure 15, the present embodiment is above-mentioned essentially identical, and something in common repeats no more, and difference is:Open Box-like cargo piles up mechanism 4 and further includes caching Belt Conveying portion 6, the caching Belt Conveying portion 6 be located at from conveying-type pallet fork 41 with Between Extendible belt conveyer 100.Preferably, the both ends for caching Belt Conveying portion 6 are respectively equipped with one for counting folding Formula cargo piles up the sensor for countering of current quantity of goods in mechanism 4, for example, infrared emission sensor etc..Sensor for countering with Control device information connects, and control device controls the defeated of Extendible belt conveyer 100 according to sensor for countering feedack Speed or state are sent, for example, there is a cargo from conveying-type pallet fork 41, has a cargo in caching Belt Conveying portion 6, Control device can reduce the conveying speed or pause Extendible belt conveyer 100 of Extendible belt conveyer 100 at this time, to keep away Exempt from cargo accumulation.
It should be noted that caching Belt Conveying portion 6 is a small-sized belt conveyor, concrete structure is no longer superfluous herein State.In the embodiment with folding bracket 3, caching Belt Conveying portion 6 is installed on folding bracket 3, and is located at from conveying-type Between pallet fork 41 and Extendible belt conveyer 100.
In the above-described embodiments, cache Belt Conveying portion 6 mainly to play a part of to cache cargo, cargo can be greatly improved Conveying pile up efficiency.
Finally it should be noted that:The above embodiments are merely illustrative of the technical solutions of the present invention, rather than its limitations;Although The present invention is described in detail with reference to the foregoing embodiments, it will be understood by those of ordinary skill in the art that:It still may be used To modify to the technical solution described in foregoing embodiments, or equivalent substitution is carried out to which part technical characteristic, Or in the case where there is no conflict, each preferred embodiment is combined;And these modifications are either replaced or combined, The essence of appropriate technical solution is not set to depart from the spirit and scope of various embodiments of the present invention technical solution.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of cargo stacking device, including Extendible belt conveyer, it is characterised in that:Further include open-close type cargo code Laying mechanism, transverse-moving mechanism, connecting mechanism and control device, the open-close type cargo are piled up mechanism and are connected with the transverse-moving mechanism, And can be moved along the transverse-moving mechanism, the transverse-moving mechanism is fixedly connected with the connecting mechanism, and the connecting mechanism rotates Be connected to the Extendible belt conveyer;
The open-close type cargo stacking mechanism is spaced from conveying-type pallet fork including two, and from conveying-type goods described in two The spacing of fork is adjustable;
The open-close type cargo is piled up mechanism and is connected with the control device, and the control device controls the open-close type cargo code Laying mechanism is moved along the transverse-moving mechanism, and is controlled from the folding of conveying-type pallet fork described in two, to adjust described in two from defeated Send the spacing of formula pallet fork.
2. cargo stacking device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Further include folding bracket, the folding Formula cargo is piled up mechanism and is installed on by the folding bracket on the transverse-moving mechanism, and the folding bracket drives open-close type goods Thing is piled up mechanism and is moved along the transverse-moving mechanism;
The open-close type cargo piles up mechanism and further includes lifting gear, and the lifting gear includes lifting enforcement division and crane, It is moveably mounted to respectively on the crane from conveying-type pallet fork described in two, the lifting enforcement division is installed on described open Bracket is closed, and is connected with the crane, drives two to be lifted from conveying-type pallet fork by the crane.
3. cargo stacking device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The connecting mechanism include cross-connecting frame and Flexible enforcement division, one end of the cross-connecting frame is connected by the flexible enforcement division with the Extendible belt conveyer, another The fixed transverse-moving mechanism in end, is equipped with rotating junction between both ends, the cross-connecting frame by the rotating junction with it is described Extendible belt conveyer is rotatablely connected, and makes the cross-connecting frame relatively described by adjusting the collapsing length of the flexible enforcement division Extendible belt conveyer rotates.
4. cargo stacking device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The transverse-moving mechanism includes traversing frame Frame, traversing motor, driving pulley, driven pulley and traversing synchronous belt, the traversing frame are fixedly connected with the connecting mechanism, The traversing motor is fixed on the traversing frame, and the driving pulley and driven pulley are separately positioned on the traversing frame Both ends, and the driving pulley and the driven pulley be by the traversing synchronous band connection, wherein, the driving pulley with The output axis connection of the traversing motor;
The traversing synchronous belt piles up mechanism contacts with the open-close type cargo, and mechanism is piled up described in for the open-close type cargo Traversing frame movement provides power.
5. cargo stacking device according to claim 4, it is characterised in that:The driving pulley and the driven belt The tensioning wheel for adjusting the traversing synchronous belt is additionally provided between wheel.
6. cargo stacking device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:It is equipped with described from conveying-type pallet fork Multiple rollers, wherein at least one roller are driving roller, and are connected with driving motor, other rollers are driven roller, institute State driving roller and pass through chain drive or belt transmission with the driven roller.
7. cargo stacking device according to claim 6, it is characterised in that:Multiple rollers are along described from conveying The length direction of formula pallet fork is arranged at intervals, and one or more passive rollers are equipped between two adjacent rollers.
8. cargo stacking device according to claim 2, it is characterised in that:The lifting enforcement division is no bar gas Cylinder, the sliding block of the rodless cylinder are connected with the crane;
It is each described to be moveably mounted to from conveying-type pallet fork by mobile unit on the crane, described in two from It is equipped between conveying-type pallet fork and is used to adjust described in two from the pallet fork pushing part of conveying-type pallet fork spacing.
9. cargo stacking device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The folding bracket is equipped with horizontal pass Sensor;And/or
The open-close type cargo piles up mechanism and is equipped with avoidance sensor;
The horizon sensor and/or avoidance sensor are connected with control device signal, and the control device is according to the water The data message of sensor collection adjusts the levelness of the connecting mechanism;
The control device stops the open-close type cargo and piles up mechanism according to the information gathered of the avoidance sensor It is mobile.
10. cargo stacking device according to claim 2, it is characterised in that:The open-close type cargo piles up mechanism Caching Belt Conveying portion is further included, the caching Belt Conveying portion is installed on folding bracket, and positioned at described from conveying-type goods Between fork and the Extendible belt conveyer;
The both ends in the caching Belt Conveying portion, which are respectively equipped with one and are used to counting the open-close type cargo, piles up before mechanism is taken in The sensor for countering of quantity of goods, the control device control the telescopic skin according to the sensor for countering feedack Band conveyer conveying speed or start and stop.
CN201711446119.1A 2017-12-27 2017-12-27 A kind of cargo stacking device Pending CN107963470A (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109230578A (en) * 2018-07-26 2019-01-18 广州圣益龙自动控制技术有限公司 A kind of goods stacking machine device people
CN109382336A (en) * 2018-10-16 2019-02-26 宋海燕 A kind of transmission device of the inlet and outlet with safety check function
CN109534029A (en) * 2018-10-19 2019-03-29 厦门裕邦智能科技有限公司 A kind of split type telescopic moving charging crane

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109230578A (en) * 2018-07-26 2019-01-18 广州圣益龙自动控制技术有限公司 A kind of goods stacking machine device people
CN109230578B (en) * 2018-07-26 2020-06-05 广州圣益龙自动控制技术有限公司 Goods stacking robot
CN109382336A (en) * 2018-10-16 2019-02-26 宋海燕 A kind of transmission device of the inlet and outlet with safety check function
CN112027516A (en) * 2018-10-16 2020-12-04 宋海燕 Import and export transmission equipment of taking security check function of using
CN109534029A (en) * 2018-10-19 2019-03-29 厦门裕邦智能科技有限公司 A kind of split type telescopic moving charging crane
CN109534029B (en) * 2018-10-19 2020-12-11 厦门裕邦智能科技有限公司 Split type telescopic mobile loading and unloading machine

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