CN107960985B - A kind of portable exophthalmos of orbital patients measuring instrument - Google Patents

A kind of portable exophthalmos of orbital patients measuring instrument Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107960985B
CN107960985B CN201711444513.1A CN201711444513A CN107960985B CN 107960985 B CN107960985 B CN 107960985B CN 201711444513 A CN201711444513 A CN 201711444513A CN 107960985 B CN107960985 B CN 107960985B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
left
pedestal
right
light
infrared
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CN201711444513.1A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN107960985A (en
Inventor
徐二琴
沈晖
徐慧
于磊
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蚌埠医学院
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Priority to CN201711444513.1A priority Critical patent/CN107960985B/en
Publication of CN107960985A publication Critical patent/CN107960985A/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B5/00Detecting, measuring or recording for diagnostic purposes; Identification of persons
    • A61B5/42Detecting, measuring or recording for evaluating the gastrointestinal, the endocrine or the exocrine systems
    • A61B5/4222Evaluating particular parts, e.g. particular organs
    • A61B5/4227Evaluating particular parts, e.g. particular organs endocrine glands, i.e. thyroid, adrenals, hypothalamic, pituitary
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B5/00Detecting, measuring or recording for diagnostic purposes; Identification of persons
    • A61B5/103Detecting, measuring or recording devices for testing the shape, pattern, colour, size or movement of the body or parts thereof, for diagnostic purposes
    • A61B5/107Measuring physical dimensions, e.g. size of the entire body or parts thereof
    • A61B5/1072Measuring physical dimensions, e.g. size of the entire body or parts thereof measuring distances on the body, e.g. measuring length, height or thickness

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of portable exophthalmos of orbital patients measuring instruments, including connecting plate, and it is slidably mounted on the left side on connecting plate respectively, right pedestal, it is left, right pedestal is respectively equipped with groove, front further respectively has light room in each pedestal, light room is tilted to be equipped with mirror surface, pedestal side corresponds to respective mirror surface position and is respectively equipped with light admission port, it is located at light room rear in each pedestal and further respectively has the sliding slot being connected to light room, sliding block is slidably fitted with along left and right horizontal direction respectively in sliding slot, sliding block is equipped with infrared laser pipe, it further include the support rod for being connected to connecting plate middle position, support rod is fixedly arranged at the front end with ose bag, ose bag is left, right side is respectively equipped with infrared photo-electric material layer.The present invention improves accuracy of measurement, has the advantages that measurement accuracy is high, easy to use.

Description

A kind of portable exophthalmos of orbital patients measuring instrument

Technical field

The present invention relates to exophthalmometer field, specifically a kind of portable exophthalmos of orbital patients measuring instrument.

Background technique

Hyperthyroidism disease incidence is very high at present, wherein hyperthyroidism with expophthalmos patient about 5--20%, and there are also a lot of other first Shape gland disease also can be with expophthalmos.Therefore it makes accurately measuring by the exophthalmos situation to patient in outpatient service and can assist doctor Carry out the diagnosis of thyroid disease.

Hertel exophthalmometer can be used in prior art measurement exophthalmos situation, and hertel exophthalmometer is by left and right side seat structure At left and right side seat is clamped in face eye locations respectively, and reflecting mirror is equipped in each side seat, and two sides seat opposite face is set as light transmission Scale is simultaneously carved in face, observes reflecting mirror by gauger personnel and reads scale, realizes the observation to the prominent vertex position of eye.Cause Its reading of this hertel exophthalmometer is affected by observation angle, and accuracy system, slightly deviation will lead to Problems of Misdiagnosis. There are also device for accurately measuring is carried out using Ophthalmologic apparatus, but this device is special instrument, needs special place, it has not been convenient to door Examine physician's portable use.

Application No. is 98209618.6 Chinese patents: Double-vernier prism type exophthalmometer, prominent to existing hertel Eye meter is improved, but essence has that measurement is inaccurate there is still a need for reading by eye-observation.

The object of the present invention is to provide a kind of portable exophthalmos of orbital patients measuring instruments for summary of the invention, to solve the prior art Expophthalmos instrument measures inaccurate problem as existing for by artificial observation.

In order to achieve the above object, the technical scheme adopted by the invention is as follows:

A kind of portable exophthalmos of orbital patients measuring instrument, it is characterised in that: including the connecting plate being arranged along left and right horizontal direction, with And it is slidably mounted on the left and right pedestal on connecting plate respectively, the right side front end of left pedestal, the left side front end of right pedestal are set respectively It is fluted, the front in two temporo side margo orbitalis lowest parts, each pedestal is fastened by the groove of left and right pedestal and further respectively has light room, The front end of light room is extended forwardly at least to be flushed with groove location, and light room is tilted to be equipped with mirror surface, left pedestal right side, the right side Pedestal left side corresponds to respective mirror surface position and is respectively equipped with light admission port, is located at light room rear in each pedestal and further respectively has The sliding slot being connected to light room, left pedestal internal chute right end are more than on the right side of corresponding light room to the right, and right pedestal internal chute left end is to the left On the left of corresponding light room, it is slidably fitted with sliding block along left and right horizontal direction respectively in each sliding slot, sliding block is equipped with infrared Laser tube, infrared laser pipe go out light into light room, further include the support rod for being connected to connecting plate middle position and forward horizontal extension, Support rod is fixedly arranged at the front end with the ose bag covered in nose, and ose bag left and right side is respectively equipped with infrared photo-electric material layer;Infrared laser pipe Emergent light is incident to the indoor mirror surface of light, is emitted after mirror surface reflects from the light admission port of pedestal, and sliding block drives infrared Laser tube is slided along left and right horizontal direction, and incoming position of the infrared light of the outgoing of infrared laser pipe on mirror surface occurs Change, to keep the infrared light optical path being emitted from light admission port mobile in front-rear direction.

A kind of portable exophthalmos of orbital patients measuring instrument, it is characterised in that: left and right end in the sliding slot in each pedestal Between be rotatably equipped with screw rod, sliding block is assemblied on screw rod by tapped through hole, is additionally provided on each pedestal side wall and respective silk The motor of bar coaxial transmission connection, is coaxially equipped with photoelectric encoder on the output shaft of motor, is driven by a motor screw rod rotation, from And slide sliding block along left and right horizontal direction, electric machine main shaft turnning circle is recorded by photoelectric encoder, and then can know indirectly The sliding block distance mobile in left and right horizontal direction.

A kind of portable exophthalmos of orbital patients measuring instrument, it is characterised in that: ose bag rear end middle position connection There is a thread bush, the support rod is hollow rod body, and support rod front and back ends are separately formed as thread head, and support rod front end passes through spiral shell Line head thread is connected on the thread bush of ose bag rear end, and connecting plate middle position is equipped with through-hole, and support rod rear end thread head is logical from connecting plate Hole screws togather again after being pierced by and is equipped with locking nut.

A kind of portable exophthalmos of orbital patients measuring instrument, it is characterised in that: further include being disposed therein side pedestal On integrated electrical box, master controller, signal amplification and Acquisition Circuit, motor-drive circuit, infrared are equipped in integrated electrical box Laser tube drive circuit, signal amplification and Acquisition Circuit input terminal connect with photoelectric encoder, infrared photo-electric material layer respectively, believe Number amplification and Acquisition Circuit output end connect with master controller, motor-drive circuit input terminal is connect with master controller, motor drive Dynamic circuit output end is connect with motor on left and right pedestal respectively, and infrared laser tube drive circuit input terminal is connect with master controller, Infrared laser tube drive circuit output end is connect with the infrared laser pipe in left and right pedestal respectively.

A kind of portable exophthalmos of orbital patients measuring instrument, it is characterised in that: also set in the integrated electrical box box wall There is display, display is connect with master controller.

A kind of portable exophthalmos of orbital patients measuring instrument, it is characterised in that: master controller passes through motor-drive circuit Motor work is controlled, motor makes sliding block be moved to sliding slot right end in pedestal left first, and motor makes sliding block be moved to cunning in right pedestal Slot left end, the infrared light of the infrared laser pipe outgoing on each sliding block is after the reflection of corresponding mirror surface at this time, respectively Across corresponding light admission port and it is incident to corresponding temporo side margo orbitalis lowest part, the infrared photo-electric material layer of left and right side on ose bag There is no signals;

Then motor makes in left pedestal that sliding block slides to the left, sliding block slides to the right in right pedestal, makes to be emitted from light admission port Infrared light optical path moves from front to back, and after infrared light, which crosses eye, protrudes vertex, infrared light is incident to ose bag respective side respectively Infrared photo-electric material layer on, infrared photo-electric material layer generates signal, and signal is amplified by signal and Acquisition Circuit is amplified and acquired To master controller;

Master controller obtains leaving the motor off work after signal immediately, while master controller acquisition photoelectric encoder at this time Count, according to electric machine main shaft rotate circle number, that is, screw rod turnning circle, in conjunction with screw rod per revolution sliding block move horizontally away from From by can be calculated the infrared laser pipe distance L mobile in left and right horizontal direction, and due to the tilt angle of mirror surface A it is known that therefore according to right angled triangle relationship, can calculate obtain infrared light optical path back-and-forth motion be emitted from light admission port away from From S, distance S is exophthalmos distance, and finally distance S is shown by master controller by display.

Compared with the prior art, the beneficial effects of the present invention are embodied in:

The present invention is detected using photovoltaic, can accurately be measured the prominent distance of eye and only be existed without artificial observation It to the greatest extent can finally be read, avoid bring deviation the problems such as using when artificial observation due to observation angle, improve measurement Accuracy has the advantages that measurement accuracy is high, easy to use.

Detailed description of the invention

Fig. 1 is schematic structural view of the invention.

Fig. 2 is structural schematic diagram after present invention slider is mobile.

Fig. 3 is master controller partial schematic block diagram of the present invention.

Specific embodiment

As shown in Figure 1 and Figure 2, a kind of portable exophthalmos of orbital patients measuring instrument, including the connecting plate being arranged along left and right horizontal direction 1, and the left and right pedestal 2,3 being slidably mounted on connecting plate 1 respectively, the right side front end of left pedestal 2, right pedestal 3 left side Front end is respectively equipped with groove 4, fastens the front in two temporo side margo orbitalis lowest parts, each pedestal by the groove 4 of left and right pedestal 2,3 Light room 5 is further respectively had, the front end of light room 5 is extended forwardly at least to be flushed with 4 position of groove, and light room 5 is tilted to be equipped with reflection Mirror surface 6, left 2 right side of pedestal, 3 left side of right pedestal correspond to respective mirror surface position and are respectively equipped with light admission port 7, each pedestal Interior 5 rear of light room that is located at further respectively has the sliding slot 8 being connected to light room, and left 2 internal chute right end of pedestal is more than corresponding light to the right On the right side of room, right 3 internal chute left end of pedestal is more than on the left of corresponding light room, respectively along left and right horizontal direction in each sliding slot 8 to the left It is slidably fitted with sliding block 9, it further includes connection that sliding block 9, which is equipped with infrared laser pipe 10, and infrared laser pipe 10 goes out light into light room 5 In 1 middle position of the connecting plate support rod 11 that simultaneously forward horizontal extends, support rod 11 is fixedly arranged at the front end with the ose bag 12 covered in nose, nose It covers 12 left and right sides and is respectively equipped with infrared photo-electric material layer 13;The emergent light of infrared laser pipe 10 is incident to the indoor reflecting mirror of light Face 6 is emitted after the reflection of mirror surface 6 from the light admission port 7 of pedestal, and sliding block 9 drives infrared laser pipe 10 along left and right horizontal direction Sliding, makes incoming position of the infrared light of the outgoing of infrared laser pipe 10 on mirror surface 6 change, to make from light passing The infrared light optical paths of 7 outgoing of mouth are mobile in front-rear direction.

Screw rod 14 is rotatably equipped in sliding slot 8 in each pedestal between left and right end, sliding block 9 is assembled by tapped through hole On screw rod 14, the motor 15 connecting with respective 14 coaxial transmission of screw rod, the output of motor 15 are additionally provided on each pedestal side wall It is coaxially equipped with photoelectric encoder 16 on axis, drives screw rod 14 to rotate by motor 15, to keep sliding block 9 sliding along left and right horizontal direction It is dynamic, 15 main axis circle number of motor is recorded by photoelectric encoder 16, and then can know that sliding block 9 moves in left and right horizontal direction indirectly Dynamic distance.

12 rear end middle position of ose bag is connected with thread bush 17, and support rod 11 is hollow rod body, 11 front and back ends of support rod point It is not shaped to thread head, 11 front end of support rod is threaded on 12 rear end thread bush 17 of ose bag by thread head, among connecting plate 1 Position is equipped with through-hole, and 11 rear end thread head of support rod screws togather again after being pierced by from 1 through-hole of connecting plate and is equipped with locking nut 18.

Further include the integrated electrical box 19 being disposed therein on the pedestal of side, be equipped in integrated electrical box 19 master controller, Signal amplification and Acquisition Circuit, motor-drive circuit, infrared laser tube drive circuit, signal amplification and Acquisition Circuit input terminal point It not being connect with photoelectric encoder 16, infrared photo-electric material layer 13, signal amplification and Acquisition Circuit output end are connect with master controller, Motor-drive circuit input terminal is connect with master controller, motor-drive circuit output end respectively with motor 15 on left and right pedestal 2,3 Connection, infrared laser tube drive circuit input terminal connect with master controller, infrared laser tube drive circuit output end respectively with a left side, Infrared laser pipe 10 in right pedestal connects.

It is additionally provided with display in 19 box wall of integrated electrical box, display is connect with master controller.

Master controller controls motor work by motor-drive circuit, and motor makes sliding block be moved to sliding slot in pedestal left first Right end, motor makes sliding block be moved to sliding slot left end in right pedestal, at this time the infrared light of the infrared laser pipe outgoing on each sliding block After the reflection of corresponding mirror surface, it is each passed through corresponding light admission port and to be incident to corresponding temporo side margo orbitalis minimum Locate, signal is not present in the infrared photo-electric material layer of left and right side on ose bag;

Then motor makes in left pedestal that sliding block slides to the left, sliding block slides to the right in right pedestal, makes to be emitted from light admission port Infrared light optical path moves from front to back, and after infrared light, which crosses eye, protrudes vertex, infrared light is incident to ose bag respective side respectively Infrared photo-electric material layer on, infrared photo-electric material layer generates signal, and signal is amplified by signal and Acquisition Circuit is amplified and acquired To master controller;

Master controller obtains leaving the motor off work after signal immediately, while master controller acquisition photoelectric encoder at this time Count, according to electric machine main shaft rotate circle number, that is, screw rod turnning circle, in conjunction with screw rod per revolution sliding block move horizontally away from From by can be calculated the infrared laser pipe distance L mobile in left and right horizontal direction, and due to the tilt angle of mirror surface A it is known that therefore according to right angled triangle relationship, can calculate obtain infrared light optical path back-and-forth motion be emitted from light admission port away from From S, distance S is exophthalmos distance, and finally distance S is shown by master controller by display.

Claims (3)

1. a kind of portable exophthalmos of orbital patients measuring instrument, it is characterised in that: including the connecting plate being arranged along left and right horizontal direction, and The left and right pedestal being slidably mounted on connecting plate respectively, the right side front end of left pedestal, the left side front end of right pedestal are respectively equipped with Groove fastens the front in two temporo side margo orbitalis lowest parts, each pedestal by the groove of left and right pedestal and further respectively has light room, light The front end of room is extended forwardly at least to be flushed with groove location, and light room is tilted to be equipped with mirror surface, left pedestal right side, right seat Body left side corresponds to respective mirror surface position and is respectively equipped with light admission port, be located in each pedestal light room rear further respectively have with The sliding slot of light room connection, left pedestal internal chute right end are more than on the right side of corresponding light room to the right, and right pedestal internal chute left end surpasses to the left It crosses on the left of corresponding light room, is slidably fitted with sliding block along left and right horizontal direction respectively in each sliding slot, sliding block is equipped with infrared sharp Light pipe, infrared laser pipe go out light into light room, further include the support rod for being connected to connecting plate middle position and forward horizontal extension, branch Strut is fixedly arranged at the front end with the ose bag covered in nose, and ose bag left and right side is respectively equipped with infrared photo-electric material layer;Infrared laser pipe goes out It penetrates light and is incident to the indoor mirror surface of light, be emitted after mirror surface reflects from the light admission port of pedestal, sliding block drives infrared sharp Light pipe is slided along left and right horizontal direction, changes incoming position of the infrared light of the outgoing of infrared laser pipe on mirror surface Become, to keep the infrared light optical path being emitted from light admission port mobile in front-rear direction;
Screw rod is rotatably equipped in sliding slot in each pedestal between left and right end, sliding block is assemblied on screw rod by tapped through hole, It is additionally provided with the motor connecting with respective screw rod coaxial transmission on each pedestal side wall, is coaxially equipped with photoelectricity on the output shaft of motor Encoder is driven by a motor screw rod rotation so that sliding block be made to slide along left and right horizontal direction and records motor by photoelectric encoder Main axis circle number, and then the sliding block distance mobile in left and right horizontal direction can be known indirectly;
Further include the integrated electrical box being disposed therein on the pedestal of side, master controller is equipped in integrated electrical box, signal amplifies And Acquisition Circuit, motor-drive circuit, infrared laser tube drive circuit, signal amplification and Acquisition Circuit input terminal respectively with photoelectricity Encoder, the connection of infrared photo-electric material layer, signal amplification and Acquisition Circuit output end are connect with master controller, motor-drive circuit Input terminal is connect with master controller, and motor-drive circuit output end is connect with motor on left and right pedestal respectively, and infrared laser pipe is driven Dynamic circuit input end is connect with master controller, infrared laser tube drive circuit output end respectively with it is infrared sharp in left and right pedestal Light pipe connection;
It is additionally provided with display in the integrated electrical box box wall, display is connect with master controller.
2. a kind of portable exophthalmos of orbital patients measuring instrument according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: in the ose bag rear end Between position be connected with thread bush, the support rod is hollow rod body, and support rod front and back ends are separately formed as thread head, support rod Front end is threaded on the thread bush of ose bag rear end by thread head, and connecting plate middle position is equipped with through-hole, supports rod rear end screw thread Head screws togather again after being pierced by from connecting plate through-hole and is equipped with locking nut.
3. a kind of portable exophthalmos of orbital patients measuring instrument according to claim 1 or 2, it is characterised in that: master controller is logical Motor-drive circuit control motor work is crossed, motor makes sliding block be moved to sliding slot right end, motor in right pedestal in pedestal left first Sliding block is set to be moved to sliding slot left end, the infrared light of the infrared laser pipe outgoing on each sliding block is through corresponding reflecting mirror at this time After the reflection of face, it is each passed through corresponding light admission port and is incident to corresponding temporo side margo orbitalis lowest part, left and right side is red on ose bag Signal is not present in outer electro-optic material layer;
Then motor makes in left pedestal that sliding block slides to the left, sliding block slides to the right in right pedestal, makes to be emitted from light admission port infrared Light optical path moves from front to back, and after infrared light, which crosses eye, protrudes vertex, infrared light is incident to the red of ose bag respective side respectively On outer electro-optic material layer, infrared photo-electric material layer generates signal, and signal is amplified by signal and Acquisition Circuit is amplified and acquired to master Controller;
Master controller leaves the motor off work after obtaining signal immediately, while master controller acquires the meter of photoelectric encoder at this time Number, according to circle number, that is, screw rod turnning circle that electric machine main shaft rotates, in conjunction with the distance that screw rod per revolution sliding block moves horizontally, By can be calculated the infrared laser pipe distance L mobile in left and right horizontal direction, and due to the tilt angle A of mirror surface Know, therefore according to right angled triangle relationship, the distance that the infrared light optical path for obtaining and being emitted from light admission port is moved forward and backward can be calculated S, distance S are exophthalmos distance, and finally distance S is shown by master controller by display.
CN201711444513.1A 2017-12-27 2017-12-27 A kind of portable exophthalmos of orbital patients measuring instrument CN107960985B (en)

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CN201711444513.1A CN107960985B (en) 2017-12-27 2017-12-27 A kind of portable exophthalmos of orbital patients measuring instrument

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Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5005966A (en) * 1988-06-02 1991-04-09 Handler Albert W Exophthalmometer light, and methods of constructing and utilizing same
USD345929S (en) * 1992-07-10 1994-04-12 Exophthalmometer
US5379079A (en) * 1991-05-10 1995-01-03 Mount Sinai Hospital Corporation Attachment device for an exophthalmometer
CN2321390Y (en) * 1998-01-07 1999-06-02 万安云 Double-vernier prism type exophthalmometer
BRPI0405832A (en) * 2004-12-23 2008-07-15 Univ Fed Sao Paulo Unifesp exophthalmometer with three-dimensional set of measurement
CN102475536A (en) * 2010-11-29 2012-05-30 上海交通大学医学院附属第九人民医院 Measurement method of exophthalmos, instrument and application of instrument
CN104799809A (en) * 2015-04-02 2015-07-29 深圳市斯尔顿科技有限公司 Method for detecting human exophthalmos through ophthalmic device and ophthalmic device
CN105873497A (en) * 2014-03-20 2016-08-17 富士施乐株式会社 Optical measurement device for eyeball, optical measurement method for eyeball, and method for receiving light illumination to eyeball

Patent Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5005966A (en) * 1988-06-02 1991-04-09 Handler Albert W Exophthalmometer light, and methods of constructing and utilizing same
US5379079A (en) * 1991-05-10 1995-01-03 Mount Sinai Hospital Corporation Attachment device for an exophthalmometer
USD345929S (en) * 1992-07-10 1994-04-12 Exophthalmometer
CN2321390Y (en) * 1998-01-07 1999-06-02 万安云 Double-vernier prism type exophthalmometer
BRPI0405832A (en) * 2004-12-23 2008-07-15 Univ Fed Sao Paulo Unifesp exophthalmometer with three-dimensional set of measurement
CN102475536A (en) * 2010-11-29 2012-05-30 上海交通大学医学院附属第九人民医院 Measurement method of exophthalmos, instrument and application of instrument
CN105873497A (en) * 2014-03-20 2016-08-17 富士施乐株式会社 Optical measurement device for eyeball, optical measurement method for eyeball, and method for receiving light illumination to eyeball
CN104799809A (en) * 2015-04-02 2015-07-29 深圳市斯尔顿科技有限公司 Method for detecting human exophthalmos through ophthalmic device and ophthalmic device

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