CN107960985A - A kind of portable exophthalmos of orbital patients measuring instrument - Google Patents

A kind of portable exophthalmos of orbital patients measuring instrument Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107960985A
CN107960985A CN201711444513.1A CN201711444513A CN107960985A CN 107960985 A CN107960985 A CN 107960985A CN 201711444513 A CN201711444513 A CN 201711444513A CN 107960985 A CN107960985 A CN 107960985A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
left
light
right
pedestal
infrared
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CN201711444513.1A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN107960985B (en
Inventor
徐二琴
沈晖
徐慧
于磊
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蚌埠医学院
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Priority to CN201711444513.1A priority Critical patent/CN107960985B/en
Publication of CN107960985A publication Critical patent/CN107960985A/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B5/00Detecting, measuring or recording for diagnostic purposes; Identification of persons
    • A61B5/42Detecting, measuring or recording for evaluating the gastrointestinal, the endocrine or the exocrine systems
    • A61B5/4222Evaluating particular parts, e.g. particular organs
    • A61B5/4227Evaluating particular parts, e.g. particular organs endocrine glands, i.e. thyroid, adrenals, hypothalamic, pituitary
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B5/00Detecting, measuring or recording for diagnostic purposes; Identification of persons
    • A61B5/103Detecting, measuring or recording devices for testing the shape, pattern, colour, size or movement of the body or parts thereof, for diagnostic purposes
    • A61B5/107Measuring physical dimensions, e.g. size of the entire body or parts thereof
    • A61B5/1072Measuring physical dimensions, e.g. size of the entire body or parts thereof measuring distances on the body, e.g. measuring length, height or thickness

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of portable exophthalmos of orbital patients measuring instrument, including connecting plate, and the left side on connecting plate is slidably mounted on respectively, right pedestal, it is left, right pedestal is respectively equipped with groove, front portion further respectively has light room in each pedestal, light room is tilted to be equipped with mirror surface, pedestal side corresponds to respective mirror surface position and is respectively equipped with light admission port, in each pedestal the sliding slot connected with light room is further respectively had positioned at light room rear, in sliding slot sliding block is slidably fitted with along left and right horizontal direction respectively, sliding block is equipped with infrared laser pipe, further include the supporting rod for being connected to connecting plate centre position, supporting rod is fixedly arranged at the front end with ose bag, ose bag is left, right side is respectively equipped with infrared photo-electric material layer.The present invention improves accuracy of measurement, has the advantages that high certainty of measurement, easy to use.

Description

A kind of portable exophthalmos of orbital patients measuring instrument

Technical field

The present invention relates to exophthalmometer field, is specifically a kind of portable exophthalmos of orbital patients measuring instrument.

Background technology

Hyperthyroidism incidence is very high at present, and wherein hyperthyroidism is with the patient about 5--20% of expophthalmos, and also a lot of other first Shape gland disease also can be with expophthalmos.Therefore doctor can be aided in by making accurately measuring to the exophthalmos situation of patient in outpatient service Carry out the diagnosis of thyroid disease.

Prior art measurement exophthalmos situation can use hertel exophthalmometers, and hertel exophthalmometers are by left and right side seat structure Into left and right side seat is clamped in face eye locations respectively, and speculum is equipped with each side seat, and both sides seat opposite face is set to printing opacity Scale is simultaneously carved with face, reads scale by gauger personal observations speculum, realizes the observation for protruding eye vertex position.Cause Its reading of this hertel exophthalmometer is had a great influence by observation angle, and accuracy system, slightly deviation may result in Problems of Misdiagnosis. Also device for accurately measuring is carried out using Ophthalmologic apparatus, but this device is special instrument, it is necessary to special place, it has not been convenient to door Examine physician's portable use.

The Chinese patent of Application No. 98209618.6:Double-vernier prism type exophthalmometer, it dashes forward existing hertel Eye meter is improved, but essence has the problem of measurement is inaccurate there is still a need for relying on eye-observation reading.

The content of the invention is the object of the present invention is to provide a kind of portable exophthalmos of orbital patients measuring instrument, to solve the prior art Expophthalmos instrument is due to relying on the problem of measurement is inaccurate existing for artificial observation.

In order to achieve the above object, the technical solution adopted in the present invention is:

A kind of portable exophthalmos of orbital patients measuring instrument, it is characterised in that:Including the connecting plate set along left and right horizontal direction, Yi Jifen The left and right pedestal not being slidably mounted on connecting plate, the right flank front end of left pedestal, the left surface front end of right pedestal are respectively equipped with recessed Groove, fastens the front portion in two temporo side margo orbitalis lowest points, each pedestal by the groove of left and right pedestal and further respectively has light room, light room Front end extend forwardly into and at least flushed with groove location, light room is tilted to be equipped with mirror surface, left pedestal right flank, right pedestal Left surface corresponds to respective mirror surface position and is respectively equipped with light admission port, is further respectively had in each pedestal positioned at light room rear and light The sliding slot of room connection, left pedestal internal chute right end exceed on the right side of corresponding light room to the right, and right pedestal internal chute left end exceedes to the left On the left of corresponding light room, sliding block is slidably fitted with along left and right horizontal direction respectively in each sliding slot, sliding block is equipped with infrared laser Pipe, infrared laser pipe light extraction into light room, further includes the supporting rod for being connected to connecting plate centre position and forward horizontal extension, support Bar is fixedly arranged at the front end with the ose bag for being sleeved on nose, and ose bag left and right side is respectively equipped with infrared photo-electric material layer;The outgoing of infrared laser pipe Light is incident to the indoor mirror surface of light, is emitted after mirror surface reflects from the light admission port of pedestal, sliding block drives infrared laser Pipe is slided along left and right horizontal direction, changes incoming position of the infrared light on mirror surface of the outgoing of infrared laser pipe Become, so that the infrared light light path from light admission port outgoing is moved in anteroposterior direction.

A kind of portable exophthalmos of orbital patients measuring instrument, it is characterised in that:Left and right end in sliding slot in each pedestal Between be rotatablely equipped with screw, sliding block is assemblied on screw by tapped through hole, is additionally provided with each pedestal side wall and respective silk The motor of bar coaxial transmission connection, is coaxially equipped with photoelectric encoder on the output shaft of motor, is rotated by motor drives screw mandrel, from And sliding block is slided along left and right horizontal direction, electric machine main shaft turnning circle is recorded by photoelectric encoder, and then can know indirectly The distance that sliding block moves in left and right horizontal direction.

A kind of portable exophthalmos of orbital patients measuring instrument, it is characterised in that:Ose bag rear end centre position connects There is thread bush, the supporting rod is hollow rod body, and supporting rod front and back ends are separately formed passes through spiral shell for thread head, supporting rod front end Line head thread is connected on the thread bush of ose bag rear end, and connecting plate centre position is equipped with through hole, and support rod rear end thread head leads to from connecting plate Hole screws togather and is provided with locking nut again after being pierced by.

A kind of portable exophthalmos of orbital patients measuring instrument, it is characterised in that:Further include and be disposed therein side pedestal On integrated electrical box, master controller, signal amplification and Acquisition Circuit, motor-drive circuit, infrared are equipped with integrated electrical box Laser tube drive circuit, signal amplification and Acquisition Circuit input terminal are connected with photoelectric encoder, infrared photo-electric material layer, believe respectively Number amplification and Acquisition Circuit output terminal be connected with master controller, motor-drive circuit input terminal is connected with master controller, motor drive Dynamic circuit output end is connected with motor on left and right pedestal respectively, and infrared laser tube drive circuit input terminal is connected with master controller, Infrared laser tube drive circuit output terminal is connected with the infrared laser pipe in left and right pedestal respectively.

A kind of portable exophthalmos of orbital patients measuring instrument, it is characterised in that:Also set in the integrated electrical box box wall There is display, display is connected with master controller.

A kind of portable exophthalmos of orbital patients measuring instrument, it is characterised in that:Master controller passes through motor-drive circuit Motor is controlled to work, motor makes sliding block be moved to sliding slot right end in pedestal left first, and motor makes sliding block be moved to cunning in right pedestal Groove left end, the infrared light of the infrared laser pipe outgoing on each sliding block is after the reflection of corresponding mirror surface at this time, respectively Through corresponding light admission port and corresponding temporo side margo orbitalis lowest point is incident to, the infrared photo-electric material layer of left and right side on ose bag There is no signal;

Then motor makes in left pedestal that sliding block slides to the left, sliding block slides to the right in right pedestal, makes from the infrared of light admission port outgoing Light light path moves from front to back, and after infrared light, which crosses eye, protrudes vertex, infrared light is incident to the red of ose bag respective side respectively On outer electro-optic material layer, infrared photo-electric material layer produces signal, and signal is amplified by signal and Acquisition Circuit is amplified and gathered to master Controller;

Master controller leaves the motor off work immediately after obtaining signal, while master controller gathers the meter of photoelectric encoder at this time Number, the number of turns, that is, screw turnning circle rotated according to electric machine main shaft, the distance moved horizontally with reference to screw per revolution sliding block, The distance L moved by can be calculated infrared laser pipe in left and right horizontal direction, but due to mirror surface angle of inclination A Know, therefore according to right angled triangle relation, the distance for obtaining and being moved back and forth from the infrared light light path of light admission port outgoing can be calculated S, distance S are exophthalmos distance, and finally distance S is shown by master controller by display.

Compared with the prior art, beneficial effects of the present invention are embodied in:

The present invention is detected using photovoltaic, can accurately be measured eye and be protruded distance, without artificial observation, only last Carry out reading to the greatest extent can, it is accurate using measurement due to the deviation that the problems such as observation angle brings, is improved during artificial observation to avoid Degree, has the advantages that high certainty of measurement, easy to use.

Brief description of the drawings

Fig. 1 is schematic structural view of the invention.

Fig. 2 is structure diagram after present invention slider movement.

Fig. 3 is master controller partial schematic block diagram of the present invention.

Embodiment

As shown in Figure 1 and Figure 2, a kind of portable exophthalmos of orbital patients measuring instrument, including the connecting plate set along left and right horizontal direction 1, and the left and right pedestal 2,3 being slidably mounted on respectively on connecting plate 1, the right flank front end of left pedestal 2, the left surface of right pedestal 3 Front end is respectively equipped with groove 4, is fastened by the groove 4 of left and right pedestal 2,3 anterior in two temporo side margo orbitalis lowest points, each pedestal Light room 5 is further respectively had, the front end of light room 5 is extended forwardly at least to be flushed with 4 position of groove, and light room 5 is tilted to be equipped with reflection Minute surface 6, left 2 right flank of pedestal, 3 left surface of right pedestal correspond to respective mirror surface position and are respectively equipped with light admission port 7, each pedestal Interior to further respectively have the sliding slot 8 connected with light room positioned at 5 rear of light room, left 2 internal chute right end of pedestal exceedes to the right corresponding light On the right side of room, right 3 internal chute left end of pedestal exceedes on the left of corresponding light room to the left, respectively along left and right horizontal direction in each sliding slot 8 Sliding block 9 is slidably fitted with, sliding block 9 is equipped with infrared laser pipe 10, and the light extraction into light room 5 of infrared laser pipe 10, further includes connection The ose bag 12 for being sleeved on nose, nose are fixedly arranged at the front end with 1 centre position of connecting plate and the supporting rod 11 of forward horizontal extension, supporting rod 11 Cover 12 left and right sides and be respectively equipped with infrared photo-electric material layer 13;The emergent light of infrared laser pipe 10 is incident to the indoor speculum of light Face 6, is emitted after the reflection of mirror surface 6 from the light admission port 7 of pedestal, and sliding block 9 drives infrared laser pipe 10 along left and right horizontal direction Slide, incoming position of the infrared light on mirror surface 6 of the outgoing of infrared laser pipe 10 is changed, so that from thang-kng The infrared light light paths of the outgoing of mouth 7 are moved in anteroposterior direction.

Screw 14 is rotatablely equipped between left and right end in sliding slot 8 in each pedestal, sliding block 9 is assembled by tapped through hole On screw 14, the motor 15 being connected with respective 14 coaxial transmission of screw, the output of motor 15 are additionally provided with each pedestal side wall Photoelectric encoder 16 is coaxially equipped with axis, drives screw 14 to rotate by motor 15, so that sliding block 9 is slided along left and right horizontal direction It is dynamic, the 15 main axis number of turns of motor is recorded by photoelectric encoder 16, and then can know that sliding block 9 moves in left and right horizontal direction indirectly Dynamic distance.

12 rear end centre position of ose bag is connected with thread bush 17, and supporting rod 11 is hollow rod body, and 11 front and back ends of supporting rod divide Thread head is not shaped to, and 11 front end of supporting rod is threaded on 12 rear end thread bush 17 of ose bag by thread head, among connecting plate 1 Position is equipped with through hole, and 11 rear end thread head of supporting rod screws togather and is provided with locking nut 18 again after being pierced by from 1 through hole of connecting plate.

Further include the integrated electrical box 19 being disposed therein on the pedestal of side, be equipped with integrated electrical box 19 master controller, Signal amplifies and Acquisition Circuit, motor-drive circuit, infrared laser tube drive circuit, signal amplification and Acquisition Circuit input terminal point It is not connected with photoelectric encoder 16, infrared photo-electric material layer 13, signal amplification and Acquisition Circuit output terminal are connected with master controller, Motor-drive circuit input terminal is connected with master controller, motor-drive circuit output terminal respectively with motor 15 on left and right pedestal 2,3 Connection, infrared laser tube drive circuit input terminal is connected with master controller, infrared laser tube drive circuit output terminal respectively with a left side, Infrared laser pipe 10 in right pedestal connects.

Display is additionally provided with 19 box wall of integrated electrical box, display is connected with master controller.

Master controller controls motor to work by motor-drive circuit, and motor makes sliding block be moved to sliding slot in pedestal left first Right end, motor makes sliding block be moved to sliding slot left end in right pedestal, at this time the infrared light of the infrared laser pipe outgoing on each sliding block After the reflection of corresponding mirror surface, it is each passed through corresponding light admission port and to be incident to corresponding temporo side margo orbitalis minimum Locate, signal is not present in the infrared photo-electric material layer of left and right side on ose bag;

Then motor makes in left pedestal that sliding block slides to the left, sliding block slides to the right in right pedestal, makes from the infrared of light admission port outgoing Light light path moves from front to back, and after infrared light, which crosses eye, protrudes vertex, infrared light is incident to the red of ose bag respective side respectively On outer electro-optic material layer, infrared photo-electric material layer produces signal, and signal is amplified by signal and Acquisition Circuit is amplified and gathered to master Controller;

Master controller leaves the motor off work immediately after obtaining signal, while master controller gathers the meter of photoelectric encoder at this time Number, the number of turns, that is, screw turnning circle rotated according to electric machine main shaft, the distance moved horizontally with reference to screw per revolution sliding block, The distance L moved by can be calculated infrared laser pipe in left and right horizontal direction, but due to mirror surface angle of inclination A Know, therefore according to right angled triangle relation, the distance for obtaining and being moved back and forth from the infrared light light path of light admission port outgoing can be calculated S, distance S are exophthalmos distance, and finally distance S is shown by master controller by display.

Claims (6)

  1. A kind of 1. portable exophthalmos of orbital patients measuring instrument, it is characterised in that:Including the connecting plate set along left and right horizontal direction, and The left and right pedestal being slidably mounted on respectively on connecting plate, the right flank front end of left pedestal, the left surface front end of right pedestal are respectively equipped with Groove, fastens the front portion in two temporo side margo orbitalis lowest points, each pedestal by the groove of left and right pedestal and further respectively has light room, light The front end of room is extended forwardly at least to be flushed with groove location, and light room is tilted to be equipped with mirror surface, left pedestal right flank, right seat Body left surface corresponds to respective mirror surface position and is respectively equipped with light admission port, further respectively had in each pedestal positioned at light room rear and The sliding slot of light room connection, left pedestal internal chute right end exceed on the right side of corresponding light room to the right, and right pedestal internal chute left end surpasses to the left Cross on the left of corresponding light room, sliding block is slidably fitted with along left and right horizontal direction respectively in each sliding slot, sliding block is equipped with infrared sharp Light pipe, infrared laser pipe light extraction into light room, further includes the supporting rod for being connected to connecting plate centre position and forward horizontal extension, branch Strut is fixedly arranged at the front end with the ose bag for being sleeved on nose, and ose bag left and right side is respectively equipped with infrared photo-electric material layer;Infrared laser pipe goes out Penetrate light and be incident to the indoor mirror surface of light, be emitted after mirror surface reflects from the light admission port of pedestal, sliding block drives infrared sharp Light pipe is slided along left and right horizontal direction, changes incoming position of the infrared light on mirror surface of the outgoing of infrared laser pipe Become, so that the infrared light light path from light admission port outgoing is moved in anteroposterior direction.
  2. A kind of 2. portable exophthalmos of orbital patients measuring instrument according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Cunning in each pedestal Screw is rotatablely equipped with groove between left and right end, sliding block is assemblied on screw by tapped through hole, is also set on each pedestal side wall There is the motor being connected with respective screw coaxial transmission, be coaxially equipped with photoelectric encoder on the output shaft of motor, driven by motor Screw rotates, so that sliding block is slided along left and right horizontal direction, electric machine main shaft turnning circle is recorded by photoelectric encoder, and then The distance that sliding block moves in left and right horizontal direction can be known indirectly.
  3. A kind of 3. portable exophthalmos of orbital patients measuring instrument according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:In the ose bag rear end Between position be connected with thread bush, the supporting rod is hollow rod body, and supporting rod front and back ends are separately formed as thread head, supporting rod Front end is threaded on the thread bush of ose bag rear end by thread head, and connecting plate centre position is equipped with through hole, supports rod rear end screw thread Head screws togather and is provided with locking nut again after being pierced by from connecting plate through hole.
  4. A kind of 4. portable exophthalmos of orbital patients measuring instrument according to claim 2, it is characterised in that:Further include and be arranged on it Integrated electrical box on middle side pedestal, integrated electrical box is interior to be equipped with master controller, signal amplification and Acquisition Circuit, motor driving Circuit, infrared laser tube drive circuit, signal amplification and Acquisition Circuit input terminal respectively with photoelectric encoder, infrared photo-electric material Layer connection, signal amplification and Acquisition Circuit output terminal are connected with master controller, and motor-drive circuit input terminal connects with master controller Connect, motor-drive circuit output terminal is connected with motor on left and right pedestal respectively, infrared laser tube drive circuit input terminal and master control Device connection processed, infrared laser tube drive circuit output terminal are connected with the infrared laser pipe in left and right pedestal respectively.
  5. A kind of 5. portable exophthalmos of orbital patients measuring instrument according to claim 4, it is characterised in that:The integrated electrical box Display is additionally provided with box wall, display is connected with master controller.
  6. A kind of 6. portable exophthalmos of orbital patients measuring instrument according to any one in claim 1-5, it is characterised in that:It is main Controller controls motor to work by motor-drive circuit, and motor makes sliding block be moved to sliding slot right end, right seat in pedestal left first Motor makes sliding block be moved to sliding slot left end in body, and the infrared light of the infrared laser pipe outgoing on each sliding block is through each corresponding at this time Mirror surface reflection after, be each passed through corresponding light admission port and be incident to corresponding temporo side margo orbitalis lowest point, it is left on ose bag, Signal is not present in the infrared photo-electric material layer on right side;
    Then motor makes in left pedestal that sliding block slides to the left, sliding block slides to the right in right pedestal, makes from the infrared of light admission port outgoing Light light path moves from front to back, and after infrared light, which crosses eye, protrudes vertex, infrared light is incident to the red of ose bag respective side respectively On outer electro-optic material layer, infrared photo-electric material layer produces signal, and signal is amplified by signal and Acquisition Circuit is amplified and gathered to master Controller;
    Master controller leaves the motor off work immediately after obtaining signal, while master controller gathers the meter of photoelectric encoder at this time Number, the number of turns, that is, screw turnning circle rotated according to electric machine main shaft, the distance moved horizontally with reference to screw per revolution sliding block, The distance L moved by can be calculated infrared laser pipe in left and right horizontal direction, but due to mirror surface angle of inclination A Know, therefore according to right angled triangle relation, the distance for obtaining and being moved back and forth from the infrared light light path of light admission port outgoing can be calculated S, distance S are exophthalmos distance, and finally distance S is shown by master controller by display.
CN201711444513.1A 2017-12-27 2017-12-27 A kind of portable exophthalmos of orbital patients measuring instrument CN107960985B (en)

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CN107960985B CN107960985B (en) 2019-08-23

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Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5005966A (en) * 1988-06-02 1991-04-09 Handler Albert W Exophthalmometer light, and methods of constructing and utilizing same
USD345929S (en) * 1992-07-10 1994-04-12 Exophthalmometer
US5379079A (en) * 1991-05-10 1995-01-03 Mount Sinai Hospital Corporation Attachment device for an exophthalmometer
CN2321390Y (en) * 1998-01-07 1999-06-02 万安云 Double-vernier prism type exophthalmometer
BRPI0405832A (en) * 2004-12-23 2008-07-15 Univ Fed Sao Paulo Unifesp exophthalmometer with three-dimensional set of measurement
CN102475536A (en) * 2010-11-29 2012-05-30 上海交通大学医学院附属第九人民医院 Measurement method of exophthalmos, instrument and application of instrument
CN104799809A (en) * 2015-04-02 2015-07-29 深圳市斯尔顿科技有限公司 Method for detecting human exophthalmos through ophthalmic device and ophthalmic device
CN105873497A (en) * 2014-03-20 2016-08-17 富士施乐株式会社 Optical measurement device for eyeball, optical measurement method for eyeball, and method for receiving light illumination to eyeball

Patent Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5005966A (en) * 1988-06-02 1991-04-09 Handler Albert W Exophthalmometer light, and methods of constructing and utilizing same
US5379079A (en) * 1991-05-10 1995-01-03 Mount Sinai Hospital Corporation Attachment device for an exophthalmometer
USD345929S (en) * 1992-07-10 1994-04-12 Exophthalmometer
CN2321390Y (en) * 1998-01-07 1999-06-02 万安云 Double-vernier prism type exophthalmometer
BRPI0405832A (en) * 2004-12-23 2008-07-15 Univ Fed Sao Paulo Unifesp exophthalmometer with three-dimensional set of measurement
CN102475536A (en) * 2010-11-29 2012-05-30 上海交通大学医学院附属第九人民医院 Measurement method of exophthalmos, instrument and application of instrument
CN105873497A (en) * 2014-03-20 2016-08-17 富士施乐株式会社 Optical measurement device for eyeball, optical measurement method for eyeball, and method for receiving light illumination to eyeball
CN104799809A (en) * 2015-04-02 2015-07-29 深圳市斯尔顿科技有限公司 Method for detecting human exophthalmos through ophthalmic device and ophthalmic device

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