CN107950184A - A kind of sisal hemp harvester - Google Patents

A kind of sisal hemp harvester Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107950184A
CN107950184A CN201711137682.0A CN201711137682A CN107950184A CN 107950184 A CN107950184 A CN 107950184A CN 201711137682 A CN201711137682 A CN 201711137682A CN 107950184 A CN107950184 A CN 107950184A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
component
cutter
belt wheel
sisal hemp
wheel
Prior art date
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Granted
Application number
CN201711137682.0A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN107950184B (en
Inventor
田昆鹏
张彬
李显旺
黄继承
沈成
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Nanjing Research Institute for Agricultural Mechanization Ministry of Agriculture
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Nanjing Research Institute for Agricultural Mechanization Ministry of Agriculture
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Application filed by Nanjing Research Institute for Agricultural Mechanization Ministry of Agriculture filed Critical Nanjing Research Institute for Agricultural Mechanization Ministry of Agriculture
Priority to CN201711137682.0A priority Critical patent/CN107950184B/en
Publication of CN107950184A publication Critical patent/CN107950184A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN107950184B publication Critical patent/CN107950184B/en
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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01DHARVESTING; MOWING
    • A01D45/00Harvesting of standing crops
    • A01D45/06Harvesting of standing crops of flax or similar fibrous plants
    • A01D45/065Harvesting of standing crops of flax or similar fibrous plants of fibrous plants other than flax, e.g. ramie, sisal, hemp, jute, Spanish grass, raffia

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of sisal hemp harvester, its key points of the technical solution are that include cutter device, mobile device and locomotive, mobile device includes transverse shifting component, vertically move component and move up and down component, cutter device, which is installed on, to be moved up and down on component, move up and down component and be installed on and vertically move on component, component is vertically moved to be installed on transverse shifting component, mobile device is installed on the head of locomotive, cutter device includes supporting rack, for cutting some cutteves of sisal hemp, drive the drive component of cutter cutting and the adjusting part of cutter approach can be adjusted.Locomotive drives mobile device and cutter device at sisal hemp, mobile device drives cutter device to cutting position, cutter device cuts sisal hemp, the sisal hemp harvester realizes the mechanized harvest to sisal hemp, compared to Manpower harvester, its mechanization degree is high, can substantially reduce human cost, and harvesting efficiency higher.

Description

A kind of sisal hemp harvester
Technical field
The present invention relates to crop-harvesting mechanism technical field, more particularly to a kind of sisal hemp harvester.
Background technology
Sisal hemp is the natural fiber raw material of China's tool special advantage, strong but pliable in texture, springiness possessed by sisal fiber, The characteristics such as pulling force is strong, tear-proof, wear-resisting, anti-corrosion are that synthetic fibers are irreplaceable, and especially sisal fiber, which has, does not pollute ring Border, be not likely to produce the advantages that electrostatic, is widely used in the various industries such as transport, fishery, oil, metallurgy, has important warp Ji value, is a kind of maximum, the widest in area hard fibre of world today's dosage.
Due to the limitation of sisal hemp growthform, the harvesting mode of general crop can not realize to sisal hemp effectively harvesting, sword The development difficulty of numb harvesting machinery is larger, also comes out on the market without ripe sisal hemp harvester.The harvesting of sisal hemp at present is still Based on traditional manual harvesting, since the blade of sisal hemp is scattering is grown obliquely and sisal hemp leaf edge is with hard sharp Thorn, hand harvest's difficulty is very big, and less efficient, simultaneously also increases the harvesting cost of sisal hemp, and harvesting becomes sword One bottleneck of numb industry development.
The content of the invention
In view of the deficiencies of the prior art, the present invention intends to provide a kind of sisal hemp harvester, sisal hemp harvesting Machine can realize the mechanized harvest to sisal hemp.
To achieve the above object, the present invention provides following technical solution:Include locomotive, the cutting for cutting sisal hemp Device and the mobile device for driving cutter device to move, the cutter device are installed in mobile device, the movement Device is installed on locomotive;
The mobile device includes transverse shifting component, vertically moves component and moves up and down component, the cutting Device, which is installed on, to be moved up and down on component, it is described move up and down component and be installed on vertically move on component, it is described to vertically move group Part is installed on transverse shifting component, can be driven under the transverse shifting component operation state vertically move component, on move down Dynamic component and cutter device transverse shifting, can drive under the longitudinal moving device working status move up and down component and Cutter device vertically moves, and described move up and down can drive cutter device to move up and down under working state of device, the movement Device can drive cutter device slave is in-car to stretch out;
The cutter device includes supporting rack, some cutteves for cutting sisal hemp, for driving cutter to be cut The drive component of movement and the adjusting part that can adjust cutter approach, the driving component include swivel becket, drive The rotating some external friction wheels of swivel becket, drive the rotating driving motor of external friction wheel and connect the biography of motor and external friction wheel Motivation structure, the adjusting part include adjustable plate and drive adjustable plate to relatively rotate the rotating regulation motor of ring, the branch Coaxially offered on support, swivel becket and adjustable plate cut ring and for sisal hemp enter cut ring in into collar extension, it is described Swivel becket is arranged above supporting rack, and the adjustable plate is arranged above swivel becket, and the external friction wheel is mounted on supporting rack The upper and lateral surface with swivel becket abuts against, and the external friction wheel can drive swivel becket to be revolved around cut ring under rotation status Turn, some cutteves are circlewise distributed along cut ring, and are hinged among cutter by a hinged slide-bar with swivel becket, cutter tail end It is connected by a blade slide-bar with adjustable plate, towards in cut ring, the regulation motor, which drives, to be adjusted for the cutting edge of cutter Section plate around cut ring rotate when, the hinged slide-bar slides with blade slide-bar on adjustable plate, and drives cutter to rotate to change Change cutter stretches into the amount of stretching into cut ring, and when the driving motor drives the rotation of external friction wheel, swivel becket is rotated around cut ring, Cutter synchronous rotary on swivel becket is to cut the sisal hemp being located in cut ring.
As a further improvement on the present invention, the transverse shifting component, vertically move component and move up and down component Include movable stand, the mobile motor being installed on movable stand, the mobile screw being connected with the output terminal of mobile motor, position In being both provided with two on the sliding axle of mobile screw both sides and Mobile base with mobile screw bolt, the Mobile base The through hole passed through for sliding axle, under the working status of mobile motor, screw drives Mobile base to be slid on sliding axle, described The movable stand of transverse shifting component is installed on locomotive, and the movable stand for vertically moving component is installed on transverse shifting component On Mobile base, the movable stand for moving up and down component is installed on the Mobile base for vertically moving component, support frame as described above installation In on the Mobile base for moving up and down component.
As a further improvement on the present invention, be provided with the locomotive first handle, second handle, the 3rd handle and 4th handle, respectively with transverse shifting component, vertically move component and move up and down three mobile motors and the drive on component Dynamic motor is electrically connected, and controls its start and stop.
As a further improvement on the present invention, the transmission mechanism includes belt wheel A, belt wheel B, belt wheel C and belt wheel D, The belt wheel B, belt wheel C and belt wheel D may be contained within circlewise being distributed below supporting rack and along cut ring, the belt wheel A and band Transmission belt, the belt wheel A and the output shaft phase for driving motor are both provided between wheel B, belt wheel B and belt wheel C, belt wheel B and belt wheel D Connection, the belt wheel B, belt wheel C and belt wheel D are connected with an external friction wheel and drive external friction wheel to rotate respectively.
As a further improvement on the present invention, it is provided with the lateral surface of the swivel becket for the recessed of external friction wheel insertion Groove, the width of the groove are adapted with the width of external friction wheel, and the lateral surface of the external friction wheel and the bottom surface of groove offset Connect.
As a further improvement on the present invention, three interior friction pulleys, the interior friction are rotatably connected on support frame as described above Take turns medial surface with swivel becket to abut against, and interior friction pulley and external friction wheel are into being correspondingly arranged.
As a further improvement on the present invention, it is both provided between the belt wheel B and belt wheel C, belt wheel B and belt wheel D spacing Wheel, the position-limited wheel are rotatably connected with supporting rack, and the transmission belt is under the position-limiting action of position-limited wheel to away from cut ring one Lateral bending is rolled over.
As a further improvement on the present invention, the hinged slide-bar is fixed on swivel becket, and the blade slide-bar is fixed on On cutter, the adjustable plate is both provided with for hinged between swivel becket and cutter on the adjustable plate with cutter junction The first sliding groove of slide-bar sliding and the second sliding slot for the sliding of blade slide-bar, the length direction of the first sliding groove is cutting The circumferencial direction of ring, the length direction of second sliding slot is towards the direction of cutting ring center, the width of second sliding slot Degree is adapted with the outside diameter of blade slide-bar, regulation motor drive adjustable plate around cut ring rotate when, second sliding slot Side wall will abut against with blade slide-bar and drive cutter to be rotated around hinged slide-bar, and hingedly slide-bar slides in the first sliding groove at this time.
As a further improvement on the present invention, fixed plate, the rotatable company of regulation motor are provided with the swivel becket It is connected in fixed plate, the output terminal of the regulation motor is connected with adjusting screw, is hinged with the adjustable plate with adjusting screw During the adjusting nut being adapted, the adjusting screw pass through adjusting nut, and the motor drives adjusting screw rotating, The adjusting nut relative adjustment screw rotation so that adjustable plate is rotated relative to cut ring.
As a further improvement on the present invention, the 5th handle and remote control signal generator are additionally provided with the locomotive, 5th handle is connected with remote control signal generator and controls remote control signal generator to send control signal, the fixed plate On be additionally provided with remote signal receiver, controller and power supply, the remote signal receiver, controller, power supply and tune It is electrically connected between section motor, the remote signal receiver can receive control signal and be transferred to controller after demodulating, described Controller can control to adjust the rotation of motor.
Beneficial effects of the present invention:By the setting of cutter device, mobile device and locomotive, locomotive can drive movement To at sisal hemp, transverse shifting component in mobile device, vertically move component and move up and down component for device and cutter device Can drive respectively cutter device laterally, longitudinal direction, move up and down so that cutter device is moved to cutting position, on cutter device Driving motor drive the rotation of external friction wheel, when external friction wheel belt turn rotating ring rotates, the cutter on swivel becket can be same Step rotation is to cut the sisal hemp being located in cut ring, which realizes the mechanized harvest to sisal hemp, compared to people Power is gathered in, its mechanization degree is high, can substantially reduce human cost, and harvesting efficiency higher.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is a kind of dimensional structure diagram of sisal hemp harvester;
Fig. 2 is mobile device and the dimensional structure diagram of cutter device;
Fig. 3 is the positive dimensional structure diagram of cutter device;
Fig. 4 is the back side dimensional structure diagram of cutter device;
Fig. 5 is the dimensional structure diagram of supporting rack;
Fig. 6 is the dimensional structure diagram of swivel becket;
Fig. 7 is the dimensional structure diagram of adjustable plate.
Reference numeral:1st, cutter device;11st, supporting rack;111st, cut ring;112nd, into collar extension;113rd, interior friction pulley;12、 Cutter;121st, hinged slide-bar;122nd, blade slide-bar;123rd, sawtooth;13rd, drive component;131st, swivel becket;1312nd, groove;132、 Drive motor;133rd, transmission mechanism;1331st, belt wheel A;1332nd, belt wheel B;1333rd, belt wheel C;1334th, belt wheel D;134th, transmission belt; 135th, external friction wheel;136th, position-limited wheel;137th, fixed plate;1371st, remote signal receiver;1372nd, controller;1373rd, power supply; 14th, adjusting part;141st, adjustable plate;1411st, the first sliding groove;1412nd, the second sliding slot;142nd, regulation motor;143rd, screw is adjusted; 144th, adjusting nut;2nd, mobile device;21st, transverse shifting component;211st, movable stand;212nd, mobile motor;213rd, mobile screw; 214th, sliding axle;215th, Mobile base;22nd, component is vertically moved;23rd, component is moved up and down;3rd, locomotive;31st, first handle;32、 Second handle;33rd, the 3rd handle;34th, the 4th handle;35th, the 5th handle;351st, remote control signal generator.
Embodiment
With reference to the accompanying drawings and examples, the present invention is described in more detail.Wherein identical parts are with identical Reference numeral represents.It should be noted that word "front", "rear" used in the following description, "left", "right", "up" and "down" Refer to the direction in attached drawing, word " bottom surface " and " top surface ", " interior " and " outer " are referred respectively to towards or away from particular elements The direction of geometric center.
Referring to figs. 1 to shown in 7, a kind of sisal hemp harvester of the present embodiment, includes locomotive 3, for cutting cutting for sisal hemp Device 1 and the mobile device 2 for driving cutter device 1 to move are cut, the cutter device 1 is installed in mobile device 2, institute State mobile device 2 to be installed on locomotive 3, locomotive 3 drives mobile device 2 and cutter device 1, and mobile device 2 drives at sisal hemp Cutter device 1 arrives cutting position, and cutter device 1 cuts sisal hemp.
Mobile device 2 includes transverse shifting component 21, vertically moves component 22 and moves up and down component 23, cutting dress Put 1 and be installed on and move up and down on component 23, move up and down component 23 and be installed on and vertically move on component 22, vertically move component 22 Be installed on transverse shifting component 21, can be driven under 21 working status of transverse shifting component vertically move component 22, on move down Dynamic 1 transverse shifting of component 23 and cutter device, can drive under 2 working status of longitudinal moving device move up and down component 23 with And cutter device 1 vertically moves, moving up and down can drive cutter device 1 to move up and down under 2 working status of device, mobile device 2 can drive cutter device 1 to stretch out out of locomotive 3, transverse shifting component 21 in mobile device 2, vertically move component 22 with And move up and down component 23 and drive horizontal cutter device 1, longitudinal direction respectively, move up and down so that cutter device 1 is moved to cleavage Put.
The cutter device 1 include supporting rack 11, some cutteves 12 for cutting sisal hemp, for drive cutter 12 into The drive component 13 of row cutting movement and the adjusting part 14 that can adjust 12 approach of cutter, the driving component 13 include There is swivel becket 131, drive the rotating some external friction wheels 135 of swivel becket 131, drive 135 rotating driving motor of external friction wheel 132 and the transmission mechanism 133 of connection motor and external friction wheel 135, the adjusting part 14 include adjustable plate 141 and band Dynamic adjustable plate 141 relatively rotates the rotating regulation motor 142 of ring 131, support frame as described above 11, swivel becket 131 and adjustable plate 141 On coaxially offer cut ring 111 and for sisal hemp enter cut ring 111 in being set into collar extension 112, the swivel becket 131 Above supporting rack 11, the adjustable plate 141 is arranged at the top of swivel becket 131, and the external friction wheel 135 is mounted on supporting rack Lateral surface on 11 and with swivel becket 131 abuts against, and the external friction wheel 135 can drive swivel becket under rotation status 131 rotate around cut ring 111, and some cutteves 12 are circlewise distributed along cut ring 111, and hinged sliding by one among cutter 12 Axis 121 is hinged with swivel becket 131, and 12 tail end of cutter is connected by a blade slide-bar 122 with adjustable plate 141, cutter 12 Cutting edge towards in cut ring 111, the regulation motor 142 drive adjustable plate 141 around cut ring 111 rotate when, the hinge Connect slide-bar 121 to slide on adjustable plate 141 with blade slide-bar 122, and drive cutter 12 to rotate to stretch into change cutter 12 and cut The amount of stretching into ring 111 is cut, when the driving motor 132 drives the rotation of external friction wheel 135, swivel becket 131 is revolved around cut ring 111 Turn, 12 synchronous rotary of cutter on swivel becket 131 is to cut the sisal hemp being located in cut ring 111.When people are needed to cutting When the approach of knife 12 is adjusted, it is powered to regulation motor 142 so that regulation motor 142 drives adjustable plate 141 around cut ring 111 rotations, and it is hinged with swivel becket 131 among cutter 12, and 12 tail end of cutter is connected with adjustable plate 141, therefore 12 tail of cutter End follows adjustable plate 141 to move, and 12 interphase of cutter rotates swivel becket 131 so that 12 cutting edge of cutter rotates, and cuts 12 cutting edge of knife is respectively positioned in cut ring 111, and the rotation of 12 cutting edge of cutter stretches into stretching in cut ring 111 by cutter 12 is changed Enter amount, to change approach when cutter 12 cuts sisal hemp.
When cutting sisal hemp, mobile device 2 of the drive of locomotive 3 on locomotive 3 is started to sisal hemp side, in mobile device 2 Transverse shifting component 21, vertically move component 22 and move up and down component 23 drive respectively cutter device 1 laterally, longitudinal direction, Move up and down so that sisal hemp is powered by being entered into collar extension 112 in cut ring 111, then to driving motor 132 so that driving Motor 132 drives external friction wheel 135 to rotate by transmission mechanism 133, and external friction wheel 135 will drive swivel becket 131 around cut ring 111 rotations, and cutter 12 is located on swivel becket 131, therefore 12 synchronous rotary of cutter, during cutter 12 is rotating to sisal hemp into Row cutting, after to one plant of sisal hemp well cutting, control swivel becket 131 rotates to supporting rack 11, swivel becket 131 and adjustable plate The position to align into collar extension 112 on 141, then by the transverse shifting component 21 in mobile device 2, vertically move component 22 And move up and down component 23 drive respectively cutter device 1 laterally, longitudinal direction, move up and down so that sisal hemp by into collar extension 112 from Removed in cut ring 111, then start locomotive 3 and drive mobile device 2 to be cut at next plant of sisal hemp.By cutter device 1, The setting of mobile device 2 and locomotive 3, locomotive 3 can drive mobile device 2 and cutter device 1 at sisal hemp, mobile device 2 On transverse shifting component 21, vertically move component 22 and move up and down component 23 can drive respectively cutter device 1 laterally, Longitudinal direction, move up and down so that cutter device 1 is moved to cutting position, and the driving motor 132 on cutter device 1 drives external friction The rotation of wheel 135, when external friction wheel 135 drives the rotation of swivel becket 131, the cutter 12 on swivel becket 131 being capable of synchronous rotary To cut the sisal hemp in cut ring 111, which realizes the mechanized harvest to sisal hemp, is received compared to manpower Cut, its mechanization degree is high, can substantially reduce human cost, and harvesting efficiency higher.
As a kind of improved embodiment, transverse shifting component 21, vertically move component 22 and move up and down Component 23 includes movable stand 211, the mobile motor being installed on movable stand 211 212, the output terminal with mobile motor 212 The mobile screw 213 that is connected, the sliding axle 214 positioned at mobile 213 both sides of screw and with mobile 213 bolt of screw Mobile base 215, two through holes passed through for sliding axles 214 is both provided with Mobile base 215, in the work of mobile motor 212 Under state, screw drives Mobile base 215 to be slid on sliding axle 214, and the movable stand 211 of transverse shifting component 21 is installed on locomotive On 3, the movable stand 211 for vertically moving component 22 is installed on the Mobile base 215 of transverse shifting component 21, moves up and down component 23 Movable stand 211 be installed on the Mobile base 215 for vertically moving component 22, supporting rack 11 is installed on the shifting for moving up and down component 23 On dynamic seat 215.By the setting of movable stand 211, mobile motor 212, mobile screw 213, sliding axle 214 and Mobile base 215, When mobile motor 212 rotates, mobile screw 213 will be driven to rotate, due to Mobile base 215 and 213 bolt of mobile screw, and Guiding and supporting role of the sliding axle 214 to Mobile base 215, Mobile base 215 will be moved axially along sliding axle 214, will be vertical It is installed on to the movable stand 211 of moving assembly 22 on the Mobile base 215 of transverse shifting component 21, moves up and down the movement of component 23 Frame 211 is installed on the Mobile base 215 for vertically moving component 22, and supporting rack 11 is installed on the Mobile base for moving up and down component 23 On 215, realize the horizontal of cutter device 1, longitudinal direction and move up and down, the moving structure is simple and practical, highly reliable and just In processing.
As a kind of improved embodiment, first handle 31, second handle 32, the 3rd hand are provided with locomotive 3 33 and the 4th handle 34 of handle, respectively with transverse shifting component 21, vertically move component 22 and move up and down on component 23 three A mobile motor 212 and driving motor 132 are electrically connected, and control its start and stop.Pass through first handle 31, second handle 32, The setting of three handles 33 and the 4th handle 34 so that operating personnel can be sitting on locomotive 3, by operate first handle 31, Second handle 32, the 3rd handle 33 and the 4th handle 34 come to three mobile motors 212 and driving motor 132 be controlled, Realize the remote control to mobile device 2 and cutter device 1 so that operation of the operating personnel to the sisal hemp harvester is simpler It is single.
As a kind of improved embodiment, transmission mechanism 133 includes belt wheel A1331, belt wheel B1332, belt wheel C1333 and belt wheel D1334, belt wheel B1332, belt wheel C1333 and belt wheel D1334 may be contained within the lower section of supporting rack 11 and edge is cut Cut ring 111 to be circlewise distributed, belt wheel A1331 and belt wheel B1332, belt wheel B1332 and belt wheel C1333, belt wheel B1332 and belt wheel Transmission belt 134 is both provided between D1334, belt wheel A1331 is with driving the output shaft of motor 132 to be connected, belt wheel B1332, band Wheel C1333 and belt wheel D1334 is connected with an external friction wheel 135 and drives external friction wheel 135 to rotate respectively.Drive motor 132 band movable belt pulley A1331 rotations, belt wheel A1331 are rotated by transmission belt 134 with movable belt pulley B1332, and belt wheel B1332 passes through again For transmission belt 134 with movable belt pulley C1333 and belt wheel D1334 synchronous rotaries, belt wheel B1332, belt wheel C1333 and belt wheel D1334 can It is fixedly connected with external friction wheel 135 by shaft so that belt wheel B1332, belt wheel C1333 and belt wheel D1334 can be with rubbing outside 135 coaxial rotatings of wheel are wiped, which causes turning for belt wheel A1331, belt wheel B1332, belt wheel C1333 and belt wheel D1334 To identical so that the steering of each external friction wheel 135 is identical, therefore when external friction wheel 135 rotates can drive swivel becket 131 to revolve Turn, which realizes by driving motor 132 to drive external friction wheel 135 to rotate, and it is simple and practical in structure, be easy to Processing.
As a kind of improved embodiment, it is provided with the lateral surface of swivel becket 131 and is embedded in for external friction wheel 135 Groove 1312, the width of groove 1312 is equal or slightly larger than the width of external friction wheel 135, the lateral surface of external friction wheel 135 with The bottom surface of groove 1312 abuts against.Pass through the setting of groove 1312 so that external friction wheel 135 can be partially embedded into groove In 1312, and rolled in groove 1312, when the trend between swivel becket 131 and external friction wheel 135 with axis Relative sliding When, the end face of external friction wheel 135 will be abutted against with the side of groove 1312, be avoided between swivel becket 131 and external friction wheel 135 Generation axis mutually slides so that swivel becket 131 is separated with external friction wheel 135, causes cutter device 1 can not be cut to sisal hemp Cut.
As a kind of improved embodiment, three interior friction pulleys 113, interior friction are rotatably connected on supporting rack 11 113 medial surface with swivel becket 131 of wheel abuts against, and interior friction pulley 113 and external friction wheel 135 are into being correspondingly arranged.By interior The setting of friction pulley 113 so that swivel becket 131 is firmly limited between external friction wheel 135 and interior friction pulley 113, and is turned Rotating ring 131 is abutted with external friction wheel 135 and interior friction pulley 113, is avoided swivel becket 131 and is supported in the long-term of outer friction pulley 135 Connect down and deform, cause external friction wheel 135 finally no longer to be abutted with swivel becket 131, external friction wheel 135, which will be difficult to drive, to be rotated Ring 131 rotates, and sisal hemp can not be cut by ultimately resulting in cutter device 1.
As a kind of improved embodiment, belt wheel B1332 and belt wheel C1333, belt wheel B1332 and belt wheel D1334 Between be both provided with position-limited wheel 136, position-limited wheel 136 is rotatably connected with supporting rack 11, limit of the transmission belt 134 in position-limited wheel 136 Bent under the effect of position to away from 111 side of cut ring.Pass through the setting of position-limited wheel 136 so that transmission belt 134 can be in position-limited wheel Bent under 136 squeezing action to away from the side of cut ring 111, avoid transmission belt 134 be directly connected to belt wheel B1332 with When belt wheel C1333, belt wheel B1332 and belt wheel D1334, since belt wheel B1332, belt wheel C1333 and belt wheel D1334 are respectively positioned on and cut Cut on 111 side of ring, transmission belt 134 will go into cut ring 111, and the cutting to sisal hemp in cut ring 111 impacts.
As a kind of improved embodiment, hinged slide-bar 121 is fixed on swivel becket 131, and blade slide-bar 122 is solid Due on cutter 12, adjustable plate 141 is all provided between swivel becket 131 and cutter 12 on adjustable plate 141 with 12 junction of cutter The first sliding groove 1411 slid for hinged slide-bar 121 and the second sliding slot 1412 for the sliding of blade slide-bar 122 are equipped with, first slides The length direction of groove 1411 is the circumferencial direction of cut ring 111, and the length direction of the second sliding slot 1412 is towards cut ring The direction in 111 centers of circle, the width of the second sliding slot 1412 are equal or slightly larger than the outside diameter of blade slide-bar 122, and regulation motor 142 drives Adjustable plate 141 around cut ring 111 rotate when, the side wall of the second sliding slot 1412 will abut against with blade slide-bar 122 and drive cutter 12 rotate around hinged slide-bar 121, at this time the hingedly sliding in the first sliding groove 1411 of slide-bar 121.Adjusted when regulation motor 142 drives When plate 141 rotates, the side wall on the second sliding slot 1412 on adjustable plate 141 is abutted against with blade slide-bar 122 and slided with cutting blade Axis 122 moves, and blade slide-bar 122 drives the movement of 12 afterbody of cutter, since the centre of blade slide-bar 122 passes through hinged slide-bar 121 It is hinged with swivel becket 131, therefore cutter 12 will be rotated around hinged slide-bar 121, and during adjustable plate 141 moves, Hinged slide-bar 121 can slide in the first sliding groove 1411 so that the movement of adjustable plate 141 will not be subject to hinged slide-bar 121 Hinder, when cutter 12 rotates to diverse location, the amount of stretching into that cutter head is stretched into cut ring 111 is different, therefore the incision of cutter 12 Amount is also different, realizes the adjusting of the approach to cutter 12, the adjustment structure strong applicability, clever structure and easy to process.
As a kind of improved embodiment, fixed plate 137 is provided with swivel becket 131, regulation motor 142 can revolve Turn to be connected in fixed plate 137, the output terminal of regulation motor 142, which is connected with, adjusts screw 143, be hinged with adjustable plate 141 with The adjusting nut 144 that screw 143 is adapted is adjusted, screw 143 is adjusted and passes through adjusting nut 144, and motor drives and adjusts screw During 143 is rotating, 144 relative adjustment screw 143 of adjusting nut rotates so that adjustable plate 141 is revolved with respect to cut ring 111 Turn.It is opposite due to adjusting screw 143 when regulation motor 142 rotates by adjusting the setting of screw 143 and adjusting nut 144 Adjusting nut 144 rotates so that the adjustable plate 141 being fixedly connected with adjusting nut 144 rotates, and regulation motor 142 rotating can drive the rotating for adjusting screw 143, and when the direction of rotation for adjusting screw 143 is different, adjustable plate 141 direction of rotation is also different, which realizes the rotation that the rotation output of regulation motor 142 is converted to adjustable plate 141, It is and simple and practical in structure, easy to process.
As a kind of improved embodiment, the 5th handle 35 is additionally provided with locomotive 3 and remote signal occurs Device 351, the 5th handle 35 are connected with remote control signal generator 351 and control remote control signal generator 351 to send control signal, Remote signal receiver 1371, controller 1372 and power supply 1373, remote signal receiver are additionally provided with fixed plate 137 1371st, it is electrically connected between controller 1372, power supply 1373 and regulation motor 142, remote signal receiver 1371 can receive Controller 1372 is transferred to after control signal and demodulation, controller 1372 can control to adjust the rotation of motor 142.Pass through the 5th The setting of handle 35, remote control signal generator 351, remote signal receiver 1371, controller 1372 and power supply 1373 so that People can be by manipulating the 5th handle 35 come the start and stop to work regulation motor 142 and the direction of rotation of regulation motor 142 It is controlled, realizes the remote wireless control to regulation motor 142, enhances the practicality of the sisal hemp harvester.
The above is only the preferred embodiment of the present invention, protection scope of the present invention is not limited merely to above-described embodiment, All technical solutions belonged under thinking of the present invention belong to protection scope of the present invention.It should be pointed out that for the art For those of ordinary skill, some improvements and modifications without departing from the principles of the present invention, these improvements and modifications also should It is considered as protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

  1. A kind of 1. sisal hemp harvester, it is characterised in that:Include locomotive (3), the cutter device (1) for cutting sisal hemp and use In driving the mobile mobile device (2) of cutter device (1), the cutter device (1) is installed in mobile device (2), the shifting Dynamic device (2) is installed on locomotive (3);
    The mobile device (2) includes transverse shifting component (21), vertically moves component (22) and move up and down component (23), the cutter device (1), which is installed on, moves up and down on component (23), and the component (23) that moves up and down is installed on longitudinal shifting On dynamic component (22), the component (22) that vertically moves is installed on transverse shifting component (21), the transverse shifting component (21) can be driven under working status and vertically move component (22), move up and down component (23) and cutter device (1) laterally move It is dynamic, it can be driven under longitudinal moving device (2) working status and move up and down the longitudinally shifting of component (23) and cutter device (1) Dynamic, described move up and down can drive cutter device (1) to move up and down under device (2) working status, mobile device (2) energy Enough cutter device (1) is driven to be stretched out out of locomotive (3);
    The cutter device (1) includes supporting rack (11), some cutteves (12) for cutting sisal hemp, for driving cutter (12) carry out the drive component (13) of cutting movement and the adjusting part (14) of cutter (12) approach, the drive can be adjusted Dynamic component (13) includes swivel becket (131), drives swivel becket (131) rotating some external friction wheels (135), drives external friction Take turns the transmission mechanism (133) of (135) rotating driving motor (132) and connection motor and external friction wheel (135), the adjusting Component (14) includes adjustable plate (141) and drives adjustable plate (141) to relatively rotate ring (131) rotating regulation motor (142), coaxially offered on support frame as described above (11), swivel becket (131) and adjustable plate (141) cut ring (111) and For sisal hemp into collar extension (112), the swivel becket (131) is arranged above supporting rack (11), described in cut ring (111) Adjustable plate (141) is arranged above swivel becket (131), the external friction wheel (135) be mounted on supporting rack (11) and with The lateral surface of swivel becket (131) abuts against, the external friction wheel (135) can be driven under rotation status swivel becket (131) around Cut ring (111) rotates, and some cutteves (12) are circlewise distributed along cut ring (111), and passes through a hinge among cutter (12) It is hinged with swivel becket (131) to connect slide-bar (121), cutter (12) tail end passes through a blade slide-bar (122) and adjustable plate (141) phase Connection, towards in cut ring (111), the regulation motor (142) drives adjustable plate (141) around cutting for the cutting edge of cutter (12) When cutting ring (111) rotation, the hinged slide-bar (121) slides with blade slide-bar (122) on adjustable plate (141), and drives Cutter (12) rotation stretches into the amount of stretching into cut ring (111) to change cutter (12), and the driving motor (132) drives outer rubs When wiping wheel (135) rotation, swivel becket (131) is rotated around cut ring (111), and the cutter (12) on swivel becket (131) is synchronous Rotate to cut the sisal hemp being located in cut ring (111).
  2. A kind of 2. sisal hemp harvester according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The transverse shifting component (21), longitudinal direction Moving assembly (22) and move up and down component (23) and include movable stand (211), the movement being installed on movable stand (211) Motor (212), the mobile screw (213) being connected with the output terminal of mobile motor (212), positioned at mobile screw (213) both sides Sliding axle (214) and Mobile base (215) with mobile screw (213) bolt, be respectively provided with the Mobile base (215) There are two through holes passed through for sliding axle (214), under the working status of mobile motor (212), screw drives Mobile base (215) slid on sliding axle (214), the movable stand (211) of the transverse shifting component (21) is installed on locomotive (3), institute State and vertically move the movable stands (211) of component (22) and be installed on the Mobile base (215) of transverse shifting component (21), it is described up and down The movable stand (211) of moving assembly (23) is installed on the Mobile base (215) for vertically moving component (22), support frame as described above (11) It is installed on the Mobile base (215) for moving up and down component (23).
  3. A kind of 3. sisal hemp harvester according to claim 2, it is characterised in that:It is provided with the locomotive (3) first-hand Handle (31), second handle (32), the 3rd handle (33) and the 4th handle (34), respectively with transverse shifting component (21), longitudinal direction Moving assembly (22) and move up and down three mobile motors (212) on component (23) and driving motor (132) is electrically connected, and Control its start and stop.
  4. A kind of 4. sisal hemp harvester according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The transmission mechanism (133) includes band Take turns A (1331), belt wheel B (1332), belt wheel C (1333) and belt wheel D (1334), the belt wheel B (1332), belt wheel C (1333) And belt wheel D (1334) may be contained within circlewise being distributed below supporting rack (11) and along cut ring (111), the belt wheel A (1331) it is all provided between belt wheel B (1332), belt wheel B (1332) and belt wheel C (1333), belt wheel B (1332) and belt wheel D (1334) Transmission belt (134) is equipped with, the belt wheel A (1331) is connected with the output shaft of driving motor (132), the belt wheel B (1332), Belt wheel C (1333) and belt wheel D (1334) is connected with an external friction wheel (135) and drives external friction wheel (135) to revolve respectively Turn.
  5. A kind of 5. sisal hemp harvester according to claim 4, it is characterised in that:On the lateral surface of the swivel becket (131) It is provided with for the embedded groove (1312) of external friction wheel (135), the width of the groove (1312) and the width of external friction wheel (135) Degree is adapted, and the bottom surface of the lateral surface and groove (1312) of the external friction wheel (135) abuts against.
  6. A kind of 6. sisal hemp harvester according to claim 5, it is characterised in that:Support frame as described above is rotatably connected on (11) Three interior friction pulleys (113), medial surface of the interior friction pulley (113) with swivel becket (131) abuts against, and interior friction pulley (113) with external friction wheel (135) into being correspondingly arranged.
  7. A kind of 7. sisal hemp harvester according to claim 4 or 5 or 6, it is characterised in that:The belt wheel B (1332) and band Position-limited wheel (136), the position-limited wheel (136) and branch are both provided between wheel C (1333), belt wheel B (1332) and belt wheel D (1334) Support (11) is rotatably connected, and the transmission belt (134) is under the position-limiting action of position-limited wheel (136) to away from cut ring (111) Side is bent.
  8. A kind of 8. sisal hemp harvester according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The hinged slide-bar (121), which is fixed on, to be turned On rotating ring (131), the blade slide-bar (122) is fixed on cutter (12), and the adjustable plate (141) is located at swivel becket (131) Between cutter (12), it is both provided with the adjustable plate (141) with cutter (12) junction for hinged slide-bar (121) sliding The first sliding groove (1411) and the second sliding slot (1412) for blade slide-bar (122) sliding, the length of the first sliding groove (1411) Degree direction is the circumferencial direction of cut ring (111), and the length direction of second sliding slot (1412) is towards cut ring (111) direction in the center of circle, the width of second sliding slot (1412) are adapted with the outside diameter of blade slide-bar (122), the adjusting Motor (142) drive adjustable plate (141) around cut ring (111) rotate when, the side wall of second sliding slot (1412) will be with blade Slide-bar (122) abut against and drive cutter (12) around hinged slide-bar (121) rotate, at this time hingedly slide-bar (121) in the first sliding groove (1411) sliding in.
  9. A kind of 9. sisal hemp harvester according to claim 1 or 8, it is characterised in that:It is provided with the swivel becket (131) Fixed plate (137), the regulation motor (142) are rotatably connected in fixed plate (137), the regulation motor (142) it is defeated Outlet, which is connected with, adjusts screw (143), and the adjusting spiral shell being adapted with adjusting screw (143) is hinged with the adjustable plate (141) Female (144), the adjusting screw (143) passes through adjusting nut (144), and the motor drives adjusting screw (143) rotating During, adjusting nut (144) relative adjustment screw (143) rotation so that adjustable plate (141) is with respect to cut ring (111) Rotation.
  10. A kind of 10. sisal hemp harvester according to claim 9, it is characterised in that:The 5th is additionally provided with the locomotive (3) Handle (35) and remote control signal generator (351), the 5th handle (35) are connected simultaneously with remote control signal generator (351) Control remote control signal generator (351) sends control signal, and remote signal receiver is additionally provided with the fixed plate (137) (1371), controller (1372) and power supply (1373), the remote signal receiver (1371), controller (1372), power supply (1373) and between regulation motor (142) it is electrically connected, the remote signal receiver (1371) can receive control signal simultaneously Controller (1372) is transferred to after demodulation, the controller (1372) can control to adjust the rotation of motor (142).
CN201711137682.0A 2017-11-16 2017-11-16 Sisal hemp harvester Active CN107950184B (en)

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CN110337899A (en) * 2019-08-14 2019-10-18 南京林业大学 The efficient lossless for tapping device for sisal hemp leaf taps head and its application method
CN112492968A (en) * 2020-12-11 2021-03-16 广西壮族自治区亚热带作物研究所(广西亚热带农产品加工研究所) Sisal hemp harvesting device
CN112690090A (en) * 2020-12-29 2021-04-23 华南农业大学 Bidirectional sisal hemp harvester
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Cited By (13)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108770480A (en) * 2018-05-05 2018-11-09 东莞市皓奇企业管理服务有限公司 The application method of intelligent flax-harvester device people
CN108738673A (en) * 2018-05-05 2018-11-06 东莞市皓奇企业管理服务有限公司 The application method of flax-harvester device people
CN110337900A (en) * 2019-08-14 2019-10-18 南京林业大学 A kind of sisal hemp leaf tapping machine and its tap method
CN110337899A (en) * 2019-08-14 2019-10-18 南京林业大学 The efficient lossless for tapping device for sisal hemp leaf taps head and its application method
CN110337900B (en) * 2019-08-14 2024-02-23 南京林业大学 Sisal hemp leaf harvesting machine and harvesting method thereof
CN113841510B (en) * 2020-10-23 2024-02-06 西华大学 Sisal hemp leaf harvester
CN113841510A (en) * 2020-10-23 2021-12-28 西华大学 Sisal leaf harvester
CN112492968A (en) * 2020-12-11 2021-03-16 广西壮族自治区亚热带作物研究所(广西亚热带农产品加工研究所) Sisal hemp harvesting device
CN112690090A (en) * 2020-12-29 2021-04-23 华南农业大学 Bidirectional sisal hemp harvester
CN112690090B (en) * 2020-12-29 2022-02-18 华南农业大学 Bidirectional sisal hemp harvester
CN112913469A (en) * 2021-02-26 2021-06-08 华南农业大学 Open-close type chain knife sisal hemp harvesting device
CN115316108B (en) * 2022-08-26 2024-01-30 凉山彝族自治州农业科学研究院 Small all-terrain multifunctional harvester
CN115316108A (en) * 2022-08-26 2022-11-11 凉山彝族自治州农业科学研究院 Small-sized all-terrain multifunctional harvester

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