CN107907295B - A kind of geotechnical centrifuge case that long-range control loop simulation tsunami acts on slight slope - Google Patents

A kind of geotechnical centrifuge case that long-range control loop simulation tsunami acts on slight slope Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107907295B
CN107907295B CN201710992731.2A CN201710992731A CN107907295B CN 107907295 B CN107907295 B CN 107907295B CN 201710992731 A CN201710992731 A CN 201710992731A CN 107907295 B CN107907295 B CN 107907295B
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China
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water
chamber
cabinet
slight slope
long
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CN107907295A (en
Inventor
方堃
郑曼
石崇伯
梅杰
姜耀飞
江强强
张驿
吴琼
张熠
吴双兰
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China University of Geosciences (Wuhan)
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China University of Geosciences (Wuhan)
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    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01MTESTING STATIC OR DYNAMIC BALANCE OF MACHINES OR STRUCTURES; TESTING OF STRUCTURES OR APPARATUS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • G01M10/00Hydrodynamic testing; Arrangements in or on ship-testing tanks or water tunnels
    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01NINVESTIGATING OR ANALYSING MATERIALS BY DETERMINING THEIR CHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROPERTIES
    • G01N33/00Investigating or analysing materials by specific methods not covered by groups G01N1/00 - G01N31/00
    • G01N33/24Earth materials

Abstract

The present invention provides a kind of geotechnical centrifuge case that long-range control loop simulation tsunami acts on slight slope, including cabinet, it is located in the box body water-stop sheet, the water circulating pump being connect with cabinet and several first Wifi control devices being connect with the water-stop sheet, the cabinet includes cabinet front and box back surface, the cabinet front and water-stop sheet constitute first chamber, the first chamber is to hold water, the box back surface and water-stop sheet constitute second chamber, the second chamber is to place slight slope, the water-stop sheet includes fixed plate and several telescopic movable plates, the movable plate is installed in fixed plate, the first Wifi control device is flexible to control movable plate, the movable plate is flexible to be made to form several channels in fixed plate, water in the first chamber flows into second chamber through the channel, described The indoor water of two chambers is drawn into water circulating pump, and then the water in the water circulating pump is transferred to first chamber.It is the configuration of the present invention is simple, easy to operate.

Description

A kind of geotechnical centrifuge case that long-range control loop simulation tsunami acts on slight slope
Technical field
The present invention relates to centrifuge model test technical fields more particularly to a kind of long-range control loop to simulate tsunami pair The geotechnical centrifuge case of slight slope effect.
Background technique
Currently, for tsunami simulating lab test mostly be based on centrifuge modelling test complete, so, on centrifuge The device for installing the tsunami of analog different height and intensity is the committed step for completing entirely to test, however, the step is taken When it is laborious, need after testing each time more exchange device to simulate the sea of varying strength and height during previous test It makes a whistling sound, eventually leads to entire tsunami simulation test and take a long time.
The characteristics of influence to slight slope of varying strength and the tsunami of size, is different, and is carried out not with maneuverable mode It is the key point of this experiment with the simulation of the tsunami of intensity and height.
Summary of the invention
In view of this, the present invention provides a kind of structures, long-range control loop simple, easy to operate simulates tsunami to soil The geotechnical centrifuge case of slope effect.
The present invention provides a kind of geotechnical centrifuge case that long-range control loop simulation tsunami acts on slight slope, including cabinet, Water-stop sheet, water circulating pump and several first Wifi control devices, the water circulating pump are connect with cabinet, the first Wifi control Device is connect with water-stop sheet, and the water-stop sheet is located in the box body, and the cabinet includes cabinet front and box back surface, the water proof Plate seals off cabinet front and box back surface, and the cabinet front and water-stop sheet constitute first chamber, the first chamber To hold water, the box back surface and water-stop sheet constitute second chamber, and the second chamber is to place slight slope, the water proof Plate includes fixed plate and several telescopic movable plates, and the movable plate is installed in fixed plate, the first Wifi control dress It sets and stretches to control movable plate, the movable plate is flexible to be made to form several channels in fixed plate, is located at the first chamber Interior water flows into second chamber through the channel, and under the action of water circulating pump, the water in the second chamber is drawn into Water circulating pump, then the water in the water circulating pump is transferred to first chamber.
Further, the fixed plate is equipped with several third slots and several second bolts hole, the movable plate installation In third slot, the movable plate includes fixed part, and the fixed part is equipped with the 4th bolt hole, by the second bolt hole Movable plate is fixedly connected in fixed plate with bolt is inserted into the 4th bolt hole.
Further, the movable plate further includes movable part, and the movable part is scalable, the first Wifi control device Signal is received, and flexible according to the signal control movable part received.
Further, be equipped with the first slot and the second slot in the cabinet, the fixed plate be installed on the first slot or In second slot.
Further, the bottom surface of the cabinet connects extension board, and the extension board is equipped with several first bolts hole, passes through Cabinet is fixedly connected on centrifuge by the first bolt hole.
Further, the fixed plate is equipped with several third bolts hole, and the first Wifi control device is equipped with the First Wifi control device is fixedly connected on by five bolts hole by being inserted into bolt in third bolt hole and the 5th bolt hole On fixed board.
Further, the water circulating pump includes water pump body and water tank, and the water pump body is located at the side of water tank Face, the water pump body connect the 2nd Wifi control device, and the 2nd Wifi control device is to receive signal, and according to connecing The starting and closing of the signal control water pump body received, the top of the water tank are equipped with water filling port, pass through the water filling port It is filled the water into water tank.
Further, it is equipped with the first aperture positioned at the bottom surface of the cabinet of the first chamber, the side of the water tank is set There is third aperture, is connected to first chamber with water tank by connecting the first water pipe in the first aperture and third aperture.
Further, it is equipped with second orifice positioned at the bottom surface of the cabinet of the second chamber, the side of the water tank is set There is the 4th aperture, is connected to second chamber with water tank by connecting the second water pipe in second orifice and the 4th aperture.
Further, the geotechnical centrifuge case further includes remote control apparatus, and the remote control apparatus is independently arranged, Which is provided with the first key and the second key, first key is to emit signal to the first Wifi control device, and described the Two keys are to emit signal to the 2nd Wifi control device.
Technical solution provided by the invention has the benefit that geotechnical centrifuge box structure letter provided by the invention It is single, easy to operate, it is easily installed and dismantles, effectively simplify the process of simulation tsunami test;The present invention passes through in fixed plate The upper multiple movable plates of installation, can simulate effect of the tsunami of varying strength and height to slight slope, preferably meet test demand; The present invention by using water circulating pump can be realized test during water circulation, be effectively saved water resource.
Detailed description of the invention
The knot of the cabinet for the geotechnical centrifuge case that Fig. 1, which is a kind of long-range control loop simulation tsunami of the present invention, acts on slight slope Structure schematic diagram.
Fig. 2 is a kind of water-stop sheet for the geotechnical centrifuge case that long-range control loop simulation tsunami acts on slight slope of the present invention Structural schematic diagram.
Fig. 3 is a kind of movable plate for the geotechnical centrifuge case that long-range control loop simulation tsunami acts on slight slope of the present invention Structural schematic diagram.
Fig. 4 is a kind of first Wifi of the geotechnical centrifuge case that long-range control loop simulation tsunami acts on slight slope of the present invention The structural schematic diagram of control device.
Fig. 5 is a kind of water circulating pump for the geotechnical centrifuge case that long-range control loop simulation tsunami acts on slight slope of the present invention Structural schematic diagram.
Fig. 6 is a kind of long-range control for the geotechnical centrifuge case that long-range control loop simulation tsunami acts on slight slope of the present invention The structural schematic diagram of device.
Specific embodiment
To make the object, technical solutions and advantages of the present invention clearer, below in conjunction with attached drawing to embodiment party of the present invention Formula is further described.
Fig. 1, Fig. 2 and Fig. 6 are please referred to, the embodiment provides a kind of long-range control loop simulation tsunamis to slight slope The geotechnical centrifuge case of effect, including cabinet 1, water-stop sheet 2, water circulating pump 3, remote control apparatus 4 and several first Wifi control Device 5 processed, water circulating pump 3 are connect with cabinet 1, and the first Wifi control device 5 is connect with water-stop sheet 2, and water-stop sheet 2 is located at cabinet 1 Interior, remote control apparatus 4 is independently arranged.
Cabinet 1 includes cabinet front 11 and box back surface 12, water-stop sheet 2 by cabinet front 11 and the sealing of box back surface 12 every From cabinet front 11 constitutes first chamber 13 with water-stop sheet 2, and first chamber 13 is to hold water, box back surface 12 and water-stop sheet 2 Second chamber 14 is constituted, second chamber 14 is equipped with the first slot 15 and the second slot 16 to place slight slope in cabinet 1, and first Slot 15 and the second slot 16 with a thickness of 1~2mm, the first slot 15 and the second slot 16 are being tested to place water-stop sheet 2 It is selected for water-stop sheet 2 to be mounted on the first slot 15 or the second slot 16 at a distance from water flow according to the slight slope of test requirements document in the process On, the bottom surface of cabinet 1 connects extension board 17, and extension board 17 is equipped with several first bolts hole 171, passes through the first bolt hole 171 Cabinet 1 is fixedly connected on centrifuge, the bottom surface positioned at the cabinet 1 of first chamber 13 is equipped with the first aperture (not shown), Bottom surface positioned at the cabinet 1 of second chamber 14 is equipped with second orifice.
Referring to figs. 2 and 3, water-stop sheet 2 includes that fixed plate 21 and several telescopic movable plates 22, fixed plate 21 are installed on In first slot 15 or the second slot 16, if fixed plate 21 be equipped with several third slots 211, several second bolts hole 213 and Dry third bolt hole 212, the shape of movable plate 22 are adapted with the shape of third slot 211, and movable plate 22 is installed on third and inserts In slot 211, movable plate 22 includes fixed part 221 and telescopic movable part 222, and movable part 222 is flexible so that in fixed plate 21 Several channels are formed, then is located at the water in first chamber 13 and is flowed into second chamber 14 through channel, fixed part 221 is equipped with the Four bolts hole 2211, can be by the fixed company of movable plate 22 by being inserted into bolt in the second bolt hole 213 and the 4th bolt hole 2211 It connects in fixed plate 21.
With reference to Fig. 4, the first Wifi control device 5 is equipped with the 5th bolt hole 51, by third bolt hole 212 and the 5th The first Wifi control device 5 can be fixedly connected in fixed plate 21 by insertion bolt in bolt hole 51, the first Wifi control device 5 It is connect by line traffic control with movable plate 22, to receive the signal of the sending of remote control apparatus 4, and according to the signal control received The movable part 222 of movable plate 22 processed stretches.
In one embodiment, the quantity of movable plate 22 and the first Wifi control device 5 is ten.
With reference to Fig. 5, water circulating pump 3 includes water pump body 31 and water tank 32, and water pump body 31 is located at the side of water tank 32 Face connects the 2nd Wifi control device 33 on water pump body 31, and the 2nd Wifi control device 33 is to receive remote control apparatus 4 The signal of sending, and according to the starting and closing of the signal control water pump body 31 received, the top of water tank 32 is equipped with note The mouth of a river 323 is filled the water by water filling port 323 into water tank 32, and the side of water tank 32 is equipped with third aperture 322 and the 4th aperture 321, first chamber 13 is connected to water tank 32 by connecting the first water pipe in the first aperture and third aperture 322, then is existed Under the action of water pump body 31, the water in water tank 32 can flow into first chamber 13 through the first water pipe, by second orifice Second chamber 14 is connected to water tank 32 with the second water pipe is connected in the 4th aperture 321, then it can be by the using water pump body 31 Water in two chambers 14 is drawn into water tank 32 through the second water pipe, thus realize the water circulation during tsunami simulated experiment, It is effectively saved water resource.
With reference to Fig. 6, remote control apparatus 4 is equipped with the first key 41 and the second key 42, and the first key 41 is to the One Wifi control device 5 emits signal, and the second key 42 is to emit signal, long-range control dress to the 2nd Wifi control device 33 Setting 4 can recorde the stroke of movable part 222 of movable plate 22 corresponding to varying strength and the tsunami of height, so as to letter Change test process, improves the efficiency and precision of test.
The process for the simulation test that tsunami acts on slight slope is carried out using the geotechnical centrifuge case are as follows:
In one embodiment, water-stop sheet 2 is mounted in the first slot 15 according to test demand, the experimental condition of simulation test Are as follows: the length of slight slope is 30cm × 20cm × 15cm, and acceleration of gravity 50G weighs the soil body of certain mass, utilizes pressure Slight slope is made in soil compaction by real stick, geotechnical centrifuge case is fixedly connected on centrifuge by the first bolt hole 171, then Slight slope is put into second chamber 14, starts water pump body 31 using the 2nd Wifi control device 33, water is led from water tank 32 Enter in first chamber 13, water level is higher than the position of the third slot 211 of top side in fixed plate 21, and starting centrifuge reaches 50G state emits signal, each the first Wifi control dress to ten the first Wifi control devices 5 by remote control apparatus 4 It sets the movable part 222 that 5 control corresponding movable plate 22 respectively to stretch, the water in first chamber 13 flows into second chamber 14, water Stream acts on slight slope generation, when the water-head of 21 two sides of fixed plate is smaller, stops test, observes the destruction situation of slight slope, remembers Record and food preservation test data, and the water in second chamber 14 is drawn into water tank 32 using water pump body 31.
Geotechnical centrifuge box structure provided by the invention is simple, easy to operate, is easily installed and dismantles, effectively simplifies Simulate the process of tsunami test;The present invention by installing multiple movable plates 22 in fixed plate 21, can simulate varying strength and Effect of the tsunami of height to slight slope, preferably meets test demand;The present invention is by can be realized test using water circulating pump 3 The circulation of water in the process, is effectively saved water resource.
Herein, the nouns of locality such as related front, rear, top, and bottom are to be located in figure with components in attached drawing and zero Part mutual position defines, only for the purpose of expressing the technical solution clearly and conveniently.It should be appreciated that the noun of locality Use should not limit the claimed range of the application.
In the absence of conflict, the feature in embodiment and embodiment herein-above set forth can be combined with each other.
The foregoing is merely presently preferred embodiments of the present invention, is not intended to limit the invention, it is all in spirit of the invention and Within principle, any modification, equivalent replacement, improvement and so on be should all be included in the protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of geotechnical centrifuge case that long-range control loop simulation tsunami acts on slight slope, which is characterized in that including cabinet, every Water plate, water circulating pump and several first Wifi control devices, the water circulating pump are connect with cabinet, the first Wifi control dress It sets and is connect with water-stop sheet, the water-stop sheet is located in the box body, and the cabinet includes cabinet front and box back surface, the water-stop sheet Cabinet front and box back surface are sealed off, the cabinet front and water-stop sheet constitute first chamber, and the first chamber is used To hold water, the box back surface and water-stop sheet constitute second chamber, and the second chamber is to place slight slope, the water-stop sheet Including fixed plate and several telescopic movable plates, the movable plate is installed in fixed plate, the first Wifi control device Flexible to control movable plate, the movable plate is flexible to be made to form several channels in fixed plate, is located in the first chamber Water through the channel flow into second chamber in, under the action of water circulating pump, the water in the second chamber, which is drawn into, to be followed Ring water pump, then the water in the water circulating pump is transferred to first chamber.
2. the geotechnical centrifuge case that long-range control loop simulation tsunami as described in claim 1 acts on slight slope, feature exist In the fixed plate is equipped with several third slots and several second bolts hole, the movable plate are installed in third slot, institute Stating movable plate includes fixed part, and the fixed part is equipped with the 4th bolt hole, by the second bolt hole and the 4th bolt hole Movable plate is fixedly connected in fixed plate by insertion bolt.
3. the geotechnical centrifuge case that long-range control loop simulation tsunami as described in claim 1 acts on slight slope, feature exist In the movable plate further includes movable part, and the movable part is scalable, and the first Wifi control device receives signal, and root It is flexible according to the signal control movable part received.
4. the geotechnical centrifuge case that long-range control loop simulation tsunami as described in claim 1 acts on slight slope, feature exist In equipped with the first slot and the second slot in the cabinet, the fixed plate is installed in the first slot or the second slot.
5. the geotechnical centrifuge case that long-range control loop simulation tsunami as described in claim 1 acts on slight slope, feature exist Extension board is connected in the bottom surface of, the cabinet, the extension board is equipped with several first bolts hole, by the first bolt hole by case Body is fixedly connected on centrifuge.
6. the geotechnical centrifuge case that long-range control loop simulation tsunami as described in claim 1 acts on slight slope, feature exist Be equipped with several third bolts hole in, the fixed plate, the first Wifi control device is equipped with the 5th bolt hole, by The first Wifi control device is fixedly connected in fixed plate by insertion bolt in third bolt hole and the 5th bolt hole.
7. the geotechnical centrifuge case that long-range control loop simulation tsunami as described in claim 1 acts on slight slope, feature exist In the water circulating pump includes water pump body and water tank, and the water pump body is located at the side of water tank, the water pump body The 2nd Wifi control device is connected, the 2nd Wifi control device is controlled to receive signal, and according to the signal received The top of the starting and closing of water pump body, the water tank is equipped with water filling port, is filled the water by the water filling port into water tank.
8. the geotechnical centrifuge case that long-range control loop simulation tsunami as claimed in claim 7 acts on slight slope, feature exist In being equipped with the first aperture positioned at the bottom surface of the cabinet of the first chamber, the side of the water tank is equipped with third aperture, passes through The first water pipe is connected in the first aperture and third aperture to be connected to first chamber with water tank.
9. the geotechnical centrifuge case that long-range control loop simulation tsunami as claimed in claim 7 acts on slight slope, feature exist In being equipped with second orifice positioned at the bottom surface of the cabinet of the second chamber, the side of the water tank is equipped with the 4th aperture, passes through The second water pipe is connected in second orifice and the 4th aperture to be connected to second chamber with water tank.
10. the geotechnical centrifuge case that long-range control loop simulation tsunami as claimed in claim 7 acts on slight slope, feature exist In, the geotechnical centrifuge case further includes remote control apparatus, and the remote control apparatus is independently arranged, which is provided with first by Key and the second key, first key is to emit signal to the first Wifi control device, and second key is to the Two Wifi control devices emit signal.
CN201710992731.2A 2017-10-23 2017-10-23 A kind of geotechnical centrifuge case that long-range control loop simulation tsunami acts on slight slope Active CN107907295B (en)

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CN110196150B (en) * 2019-05-21 2020-11-20 珠江水利委员会珠江水利科学研究院 Tsunami wave simulation experiment measurement and control device

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