CN205621344U - Landslide simulation experiment device of surging - Google Patents

Landslide simulation experiment device of surging Download PDF

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Publication number
CN205621344U
CN205621344U CN201620035142.6U CN201620035142U CN205621344U CN 205621344 U CN205621344 U CN 205621344U CN 201620035142 U CN201620035142 U CN 201620035142U CN 205621344 U CN205621344 U CN 205621344U
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China
Prior art keywords
slope
bearing
bed course
main
earhole
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN201620035142.6U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张迎宾
陈岩岩
张珏
黄小福
唐云波
王金梅
余鹏程
肖莉
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Southwest Jiaotong University
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Southwest Jiaotong University
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Priority to CN201620035142.6U priority Critical patent/CN205621344U/en
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Publication of CN205621344U publication Critical patent/CN205621344U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
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Abstract

The utility model provides a landslide simulation experiment device of surging, including experimental box, slope, steel sheet bed course, support, slope driver, vertical mount. The experimental box is connected to form with rear portion bearing steelframe by the uncovered organic glass container of front portion. Support, slope driver, mount are fixed on the steel sheet bed course on bearing steelframe upper portion. The slope by main slope, assist the slope and form through hinge connection ware interconnect, main slope through settle the square earhole of its lower part, length dashpot respectively with the steel sheet bed course on support, vertical mount link together, assist the slope and be connected and be fixed through hinge, earhole, support, connection frid etc. And main slope, install the lower part and be equipped with the bolt hole, so that fix. This experimental apparatus can change the slope slope to can control the speed direction that the landing body entried, and can unite the seismic effects who surges on shaking table consideration landslide, be equipped with camera and camera record in the experiment whole journey, so that experiment back data preparation.

Description

A kind of Simulations of Water Waves Due To Landslides analogue experiment installation
Technical field
The utility model relates to geological disaster and water conservancy field of experiment equipment, particularly relates to a kind of Simulations of Water Waves Due To Landslides analogue experiment installation.
Background technology
Mountain range, western China is numerous, and water system is flourishing, gully is often thick with between massif river, while there is landslide in natural slope failure, also being frequently accompanied by slip mass and pouring river with very high speed, powerful impulsive force causes the river along channel flow originally to jump out, and generation is surged, destroy shipping river course, the private residence in upstream and downstream basin, job facilities, the lives and properties of the common people around harm mountain area.This kind of disaster example is of common occurrence, for example: within 1963, Italy Vajont landslide impact reservoir causes and surges, city east, nineteen eighty-two Yunyang County, Sichuan Province JiBaZi landslide is surged event, the disaster of surging of late Archaean impact yangtze river channel generation in 1985, within 2003, Qianjiangping Landslide impact tributary of Yangtze green grass or young crops dry river causes and surges, and the event of disaster of surging occurs to produce in the Gong Jia side slumped mass impact main stream of the Yangtze of reservoir area of Three Gorges for 2008.Simulations of Water Waves Due To Landslides damage capability is strong, and difficulty of governance is big, it is therefore necessary to study Simulations of Water Waves Due To Landslides disaster.
Research for Simulations of Water Waves Due To Landslides disaster, mainly includes theory analysis, empirical equation, numerical simulation, model experiment etc. at present.Due to theory analysis, empirical equation and numerical simulation be more or less all based on certain it is assumed that and model experiment is owing to its simulation process is close to true, become relatively frequently with method.Currently for the model experiment of Simulations of Water Waves Due To Landslides, mainly there is some deficiency following: (1) Landslide Model gradient, slope height are single, it is impossible to be changed adjusting;(2) different to enter water direction high to wave of surging and propagate and have an impact, and existing bath scaled model experimental device cannot adjust landing body leading edge enters water direction;Since (3) 2008 years, the whole world enters the earthquake high-incidence season, and earthquake is usually associated with the generation of Simulations of Water Waves Due To Landslides while generation, and current model experiment cannot consider seismic character, and the Simulations of Water Waves Due To Landslides research to earthquake-induced more lacks.
Utility model content
For solution the problems referred to above, the purpose of this utility model is to provide a kind of Simulations of Water Waves Due To Landslides analogue experiment installation, the problem that conventional same experiments device ramp slope is single and can not adjust change can be efficiently solved, it is high that this experimental provision can not only change ramp slope, slope, slope, and can enter water direction to control when landing body departs from slope body by adjusting auxiliary slope.In addition, this experimental provision can combine the earthquake sheet that shake table considers Simulations of Water Waves Due To Landslides, solve to test the problem that cannot consider earthquake load in the past.
For solving above-mentioned technical problem, the technical solution adopted in the utility model is as follows:
It mainly is made up of with the combination slope 200 that can change the gradient experimental box 100;Experimental box 100 is made up of with rear portion load-bearing steelframe 102 anterior uncovered plexiglass box 101;Steel plate bed course 3 is placed on load-bearing steelframe 102, and it is fixed with the fixing seat 9 of bearing the 6th, slope driver;Vertical fixed mount 11 is fixed on the steel plate bed course 3 on load-bearing steelframe 102 top;Combination slope 200 is connected with each other by gemel connection device 5 by main slope 201 and auxiliary slope 202 and forms, main slope 201 is connected firmly with bearing 6 bolt by the square earhole 7 of its leading edge lower portion, main slope 201 trailing edge is connected with vertical fixed mount 11 also through the length dashpot 12 on it, and vertical fixed mount 11 is equipped with the slotted eye that can fix bolt everywhere.
Described experimental box 100 is sub-assembly, and experimental box 100 is anterior is uncovered plexiglass box 101, does not binds in its top, and internal dress water, rear portion is load-bearing steelframe 102, and steelframe upper weld has steel plate bed course 3, as the bearing platform of upper ramps structure.
Being equipped with earhole 4 on described auxiliary slope 202, the two ends connecting frid 8 are connected firmly with earhole 4 and bearing 6 respectively by bolt.
Described combination slope is formed by gemel connection by main slope and auxiliary slope, and main slope, auxiliary slope are fixing after can rotating to certain angle, are combined into broken line slope.
Further, described steel plate bed course is welded to load-bearing steelframe top, and before, during and after bearing, slope driver fix seat, vertical fixed mount is respectively welded at steel plate bed course, slope driver is then embedded in fixing seat, all will be used for adjusting and fixed ramp.
Further, described slope driver is general hydraulic jack.
Further, described slope driver may be used for changing ramp slope and slope, slope is high.
Further, it is provided with bolt hole bottom described experimental provision, can fix on a vibration table.
Further, described experimental provision, especially uncovered plexiglass box bezel locations, slope, slope body, steel plate bed course and vertical fixed mount all post rule, convenient record and observation.
The beneficial effects of the utility model are: 1. with in the past compared with type experiment, ramp slope, slope, slope height can drive equipment to change by slope.2. slope is provided with auxiliary slope, and auxiliary length of grade degree to be significantly shorter than main slope, but auxiliary slope is also rotatable and fixing, can effectively control direction when pouring water tank and the angle of top, slope landing body.3. whole experimental provision, especially uncovered plexiglass box bezel locations, slope, slope body, steel plate bed course and vertical fixed mount all post rule, and open glass container is transparent, uses camera record process in experimentation, facilitates experimental result process.4. the angle iron component of the main body section that jumps out bottom experimental box is provided with four bolts hole, can be installed on shake table, can consider the impact for Simulations of Water Waves Due To Landslides disaster for the earthquake load by the method.5. whole experimental provision is succinct, workable, has good promotion prospect.
Brief description
This specification includes drawings described below:
Fig. 1 is longitudinal centre line cross-sectional view of the present utility model.
Slope anglec of rotation schematic diagram when Fig. 2 is the utility model use.
Fig. 3 is the construction top view on the utility model combination slope.
Fig. 4 is the schematic diagram of main slope construction.
Fig. 5 is the schematic diagram of auxiliary slope construction.
Fig. 6 is the schematic diagram connecting frid.
In figure, 100 experimental boxs (101 uncovered transparent organic glass containers, 102 load-bearing steelframes), 200 combinations slope (201 main slopes, 202 auxiliary slopes), 3 steel plate bed courses, 4 earholes, 5 gemel connection devices, 6 bearings, 7 square earholes, 8 connect frids, and 9 slope drivers fix seat, 10 slope drivers, 11 vertical fixed mounts, 12 length dashpots.
Detailed description of the invention
With embodiment, the utility model is further illustrated below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings.
In conjunction with such as Fig. 1-Fig. 6 it can be seen that, the utility model is a kind of Simulations of Water Waves Due To Landslides analogue experiment installation, including experimental box the 100th, slope the 200th, steel plate bed course the 3rd, slope lifting driver the 10th, bearing the 6th, vertical fixed mount 11.Experimental box includes two parts, front portion is the uncovered plexiglass box 101 being welded by lucite, angle steel and band steel, its top open-ended, internal dress water, rear portion is the load-bearing steelframe 102 being welded by angle steel, its upper weld steel plate bed course 3, each parts are an entirety by solder bond.Steel plate bed course 3 go forward in after be respectively welded the vertical fixed mount 11 that fixing seat the 9th, the middle part of bearing the 6th, lifting driver has chute.Combination slope is made up of main slope the 201st, auxiliary slope 202 two parts, the 201st, auxiliary slope 202, main slope is connected to each other as a whole by gemel connection device 5, main slope leading edge lower portion, top, stage casing, auxiliary slope are respectively welded square earhole the 7th, earhole 4, behind main slope, rim segment is welded with length dashpot 12, main slope is linked together with the bearing being fixed on steel plate bed course 3 the 6th, vertical fixed mount 11 respectively by square earhole the 7th, the length dashpot 12 being welded thereon, and fixes slope with this.In addition, auxiliary slope rear end is connected with main slope by welding gemel connection device 5, top, stage casing, auxiliary slope earhole 4 is bolted so that position, auxiliary slope is fixed with being connected frid the 8th, the square earhole 7 of main slope leading edge lower portion.The welding angle steel of experimental box bottom has four bolts hole, and whole device can be fixed on a vibration table, and rule is all posted on the whole each limit of experimental facilities.
As shown in Figure 1 and Figure 2, described experimental box 100 is sub-assembly, and experimental box 100 is anterior is uncovered plexiglass box 101, does not binds in its top, and internal dress water, rear portion is load-bearing steelframe 102.Uncovered plexiglass box 101 is welded by lucite, angle steel and band steel and constitutes;Outside surrounding is first formed main body frame by angle steel welding, again at long side Welding flat steel, form overall steelframe, inside adds poly (methyl methacrylate) plate, poly (methyl methacrylate) plate is tightly adjacent to combine with steelframe by pin, but glass container top does not add glass plate, namely top is opening, and the internal all gaps of glass container are all sealed by glass cement.Load-bearing steelframe 102 is also made up of angle steel welding.Open glass container 101 and the tight solder bond of load-bearing steelframe 102, form experimental box 100.
Described steel plate bed course 3 is made up of general steel plate, is welded in above the load-bearing steelframe 102 at experimental box 100 rear portion, and before, during and after steel plate bed course 3 top, position, portion is respectively welded bearing the 6th, slope driver and fixes seat the 9th, vertical fixed mount 11.Bearing 6 is respectively welded nut by two reinforcing bars and constitutes, the overall triangular shape of bearing 6.It is annulus that slope lifting driver fixes seat 9, and slope driver 10 is fixing in just can embedding fixing seat.Vertical fixed mount 11 has open slot at middle part along its length.
Described slope 200 is made up of by being welded on the gemel connection of its underpart the 201st, auxiliary slope 202, main slope, and main slope 201 and auxiliary slope 202 are made by steel plate.The effect of welding hinge is so that two parts on slope can rotate freely.
Length dashpot 12 is a fluting angle steel, and the 4th, earhole connects frid the 8th, length dashpot 12 and made by angle steel, and vertical fixed mount 11 is made up of general band steel.Square earhole the 7th, length dashpot 11 is constituted by general angle steel, has the groove of bolt hole, certain length, and another side is then welded on and makes use.Connecting frid 8 to be made up of general band steel, band steel about axis position along its length has the groove of certain length.
Main slope 201 leading edge on described slope 2, trailing edge bottom are respectively welded square earhole 7 and length dashpot 12, and during use, square earhole 7 is via bolt and bearing 6 compact siro spinning technology, and length dashpot 12 is via bolt and vertical fixed mount 11 close proximity.202 sections of the auxiliary slope on slope 2 upper weld has earhole 4.Connection frid 8 front end is at the earhole 4 being bolted to top, auxiliary slope 202, and the other end is connected by the square earhole 7 of bolt and front end, main slope 201, thus, can fix auxiliary slope 202.
Described experimental provision, especially all posts rule on uncovered plexiglass box 101 bezel locations, slope, slope 200 body, steel plate bed course 3 and vertical fixed mount 11, and the video recording that can be obtained by analyzing record supplements experimental data.
In specifically used, first each parts are assembled according to mode shown in Fig. 1, main slope first passes through anterior square earhole and is arranged on and utilizes bolt to tighten between the anterior bearing of steel plate bed course, then utilize slope to drive equipment to be raised to slope test the gradient, be then driven through the length dashpot of main slope trailing edge and the bolt of vertical fixed mount, fix main slope, identical way is used also to adjust auxiliary slope to the experiment gradient, open record video camera, by landing body landing, can test.When the Simulations of Water Waves Due To Landslides of Study of Seismic induction makes, only need to be attached to whole experimental provision on shake table, repeat aforesaid operations, and input earthquake load, just recordable earthquake is for the impact of Simulations of Water Waves Due To Landslides.

Claims (4)

1. a Simulations of Water Waves Due To Landslides analogue experiment installation, it is characterised in that mainly by experimental box (100) with the combination slope (200) of the gradient can be changed constitute;Experimental box (100) is made up of anterior uncovered plexiglass box (101) and rear portion load-bearing steelframe (102);Steel plate bed course (3) is placed on load-bearing steelframe (102), and it is fixed with the fixing seat (9) of bearing (6), slope driver;Vertical fixed mount (11) is fixed on the steel plate bed course (3) on load-bearing steelframe (102) top;Combination slope (200) is passed through gemel connection device (5) by main slope (201) and auxiliary slope (202) and is connected with each other and forms, main slope (201) is connected firmly by the square earhole (7) of leading edge lower portion and bearing (6) bolt, main slope (201) trailing edge is connected with vertical fixed mount (11) also through the length dashpot (12) on it, and vertical fixed mount (11) is equipped with the slotted eye that can fix bolt everywhere.
2. Simulations of Water Waves Due To Landslides analogue experiment installation according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described experimental box (100) is sub-assembly, experimental box (100) is anterior is uncovered plexiglass box (101), do not bind in its top, internal dress water, and rear portion is load-bearing steelframe (102), steelframe upper weld has steel plate bed course (3), as the bearing platform of upper ramps structure.
3. Simulations of Water Waves Due To Landslides analogue experiment installation according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, being equipped with earhole (4) on described auxiliary slope (202), the two ends connecting frid (8) are connected firmly with earhole (4) and bearing (6) respectively by bolt.
4. Simulations of Water Waves Due To Landslides analogue experiment installation according to claim 1, it is characterised in that described slope driver (10) is hydraulic jack, by embedded for slope driver (10) fixing seat (9) during use.
CN201620035142.6U 2016-01-14 2016-01-14 Landslide simulation experiment device of surging Expired - Fee Related CN205621344U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Publications (1)

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105528950A (en) * 2016-01-14 2016-04-27 西南交通大学 Landslide surge simulation experiment device
CN107907295A (en) * 2017-10-23 2018-04-13 中国地质大学(武汉) The geotechnical centrifuge case that a kind of remote control circulating analog tsunami acts on slight slope
CN108458848A (en) * 2018-03-20 2018-08-28 常州大学 Simulations of Water Waves Due To Landslides is to submarine pipeline shock simulation experimental provision and method
CN110456025A (en) * 2019-07-31 2019-11-15 河海大学 The test device and test method of soil body olistostrome degree are mixed under a kind of hydrodynamism

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105528950A (en) * 2016-01-14 2016-04-27 西南交通大学 Landslide surge simulation experiment device
CN107907295A (en) * 2017-10-23 2018-04-13 中国地质大学(武汉) The geotechnical centrifuge case that a kind of remote control circulating analog tsunami acts on slight slope
CN108458848A (en) * 2018-03-20 2018-08-28 常州大学 Simulations of Water Waves Due To Landslides is to submarine pipeline shock simulation experimental provision and method
CN110456025A (en) * 2019-07-31 2019-11-15 河海大学 The test device and test method of soil body olistostrome degree are mixed under a kind of hydrodynamism

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GR01 Patent grant
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20161005

Termination date: 20200114

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee