CN107878818B - Intelligent automatic packaging machine for syringes - Google Patents

Intelligent automatic packaging machine for syringes Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107878818B
CN107878818B CN201610873748.1A CN201610873748A CN107878818B CN 107878818 B CN107878818 B CN 107878818B CN 201610873748 A CN201610873748 A CN 201610873748A CN 107878818 B CN107878818 B CN 107878818B
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China
Prior art keywords
injector
area
cutting
feeding
pushing
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CN201610873748.1A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN107878818A (en
Inventor
邰兆海
张维鑫
阳勇
郑敏
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Shanghai Kangdelai Enterprise Development Group Co Ltd
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Shanghai Kangdelai Enterprise Development Group Co Ltd
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65BMACHINES, APPARATUS OR DEVICES FOR, OR METHODS OF, PACKAGING ARTICLES OR MATERIALS; UNPACKING
    • B65B35/00Supplying, feeding, arranging or orientating articles to be packaged
    • B65B35/30Arranging and feeding articles in groups
    • B65B35/40Arranging and feeding articles in groups by reciprocating or oscillatory pushers
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65BMACHINES, APPARATUS OR DEVICES FOR, OR METHODS OF, PACKAGING ARTICLES OR MATERIALS; UNPACKING
    • B65B43/00Forming, feeding, opening or setting-up containers or receptacles in association with packaging
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65BMACHINES, APPARATUS OR DEVICES FOR, OR METHODS OF, PACKAGING ARTICLES OR MATERIALS; UNPACKING
    • B65B57/00Automatic control, checking, warning, or safety devices
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65BMACHINES, APPARATUS OR DEVICES FOR, OR METHODS OF, PACKAGING ARTICLES OR MATERIALS; UNPACKING
    • B65B57/00Automatic control, checking, warning, or safety devices
    • B65B57/10Automatic control, checking, warning, or safety devices responsive to absence, presence, abnormal feed, or misplacement of articles or materials to be packaged
    • B65B57/14Automatic control, checking, warning, or safety devices responsive to absence, presence, abnormal feed, or misplacement of articles or materials to be packaged and operating to control, or stop, the feed of articles or material to be packaged
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65BMACHINES, APPARATUS OR DEVICES FOR, OR METHODS OF, PACKAGING ARTICLES OR MATERIALS; UNPACKING
    • B65B61/00Auxiliary devices, not otherwise provided for, for operating on sheets, blanks, webs, binding material, containers or packages
    • B65B61/04Auxiliary devices, not otherwise provided for, for operating on sheets, blanks, webs, binding material, containers or packages for severing webs, or for separating joined packages
    • B65B61/06Auxiliary devices, not otherwise provided for, for operating on sheets, blanks, webs, binding material, containers or packages for severing webs, or for separating joined packages by cutting
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65BMACHINES, APPARATUS OR DEVICES FOR, OR METHODS OF, PACKAGING ARTICLES OR MATERIALS; UNPACKING
    • B65B65/00Details peculiar to packaging machines and not otherwise provided for; Arrangements of such details
    • B65B65/003Packaging lines, e.g. general layout
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65BMACHINES, APPARATUS OR DEVICES FOR, OR METHODS OF, PACKAGING ARTICLES OR MATERIALS; UNPACKING
    • B65B7/00Closing containers or receptacles after filling
    • B65B7/02Closing containers or receptacles deformed by, or taking-up shape, of, contents, e.g. bags, sacks

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  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Mechanical Engineering (AREA)
  • Auxiliary Devices For And Details Of Packaging Control (AREA)
  • Containers And Plastic Fillers For Packaging (AREA)

Abstract

The invention discloses an intelligent automatic packing machine for an injector, which comprises a sequencing screening area, a material preparing area, an injector feeding area, a packaging bag film feeding area, a conveying belt, a transverse sealing area and an electrical control system, wherein the sequencing screening area, the material preparing area and the injector feeding area are sequentially connected, the packaging bag film feeding area and the injector feeding area are arranged on the front side and the rear side of the inlet end of the conveying belt in a one-to-one correspondence manner, the transverse sealing area is arranged at the outlet end of the conveying belt, and the sequencing screening area, the material preparing area, the injector feeding area, the packaging bag film feeding area, the conveying belt and the transverse sealing area are respectively connected with the electrical control system. The injector feeding area comprises a feeding rack and an injector bag feeding mechanism, and the injector bag feeding mechanism comprises a lifting mechanism, a pushing mechanism and a front-back movement mechanism. The intelligent automatic packaging machine for the injector achieves full-intelligent automatic control and is convenient to operate; the production efficiency is further improved; the produced product is more sanitary and safer.

Description

Intelligent automatic packaging machine for syringes
Technical Field
The invention relates to medical equipment packaging equipment, in particular to an intelligent automatic packaging machine for an injector.
Background
The packaging of the existing disposable syringe is manual packaging, firstly, a printed roll plastic packaging film is cut into individual packaging bags through a machine, the bottom openings of the cut packaging bags are placed on a sealing machine to be sealed, then the syringes are placed into the packaging bags with the sealed bottom openings according to a certain sequence, and then the packaging bags with the syringes are placed on the sealing machine to be sealed.
The syringe attaches the germ easily in packaging process, and is safe inadequately, and manual packing inefficiency is unfavorable for large-scale production in addition, and overall design is still unreasonable enough, and the practicality is poor.
In order to improve the prior art, people have long-term exploration and provide various solutions for packaging the syringe, but the current syringe packaging machine cannot realize full-intelligent automatic control.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to overcome the defects of the prior art, and provides the intelligent automatic packaging machine for the syringe, which overcomes the defects of the prior equipment in product performance, and realizes full-intelligent automatic control and convenient operation; the production efficiency is further improved, and manual operation is replaced to a greater extent; and the produced product is more sanitary and safer.
The technical scheme for realizing the purpose is as follows: an intelligent automatic packing machine for injectors comprises a sequencing screening area, a material preparation area, an injector feeding area, a packaging bag film feeding area, a conveying belt, a transverse sealing area and an electrical control system, wherein the sequencing screening area, the material preparation area and the injector feeding area are sequentially connected, the packaging bag film feeding area and the injector feeding area are arranged on the front side and the rear side of an inlet end of the conveying belt in a one-to-one correspondence manner, the transverse sealing area is arranged at an outlet end of the conveying belt, and the sequencing screening area, the material preparation area, the injector feeding area, the packaging bag film feeding area, the conveying belt and the transverse sealing area are respectively connected with the electrical control system; wherein:
the sorting and screening area comprises a feeding bin, a lifter, a centrifuge and an injector conveying track, the injector conveying track comprises a screening device and a product buffer area, the screening device comprises a screening disc upper track, a screening disc lower track, a screening device motor and a first photoelectric switch, the feeding bin, the lifter, the centrifuge, the screening disc upper track, the screening disc and the screening disc lower track are sequentially connected, the screening device motor is connected with the screening disc, the screening device motor is electrically connected with the first photoelectric switch, a second photoelectric switch is arranged on the screening disc, and a third photoelectric switch is arranged below the screening disc;
the material preparation area comprises a material preparation motor, a rotary table and a sliding block for pushing an injector to the injector feeding area, the material preparation motor is connected with the rotary table, the material preparation motor is electrically connected with the third photoelectric switch, the rotary table is connected with a lower track of the screening disc, and the sliding block and the rotary table work synchronously;
the injector feeding area comprises a feeding rack and an injector bag feeding mechanism, the injector bag feeding mechanism comprises a lifting mechanism, a pushing mechanism and a front-back movement mechanism, the front-back movement mechanism and the lifting mechanism are arranged in the feeding rack in tandem, and the pushing mechanism is arranged at the top end of the feeding rack;
the packaging bag film feeding area comprises an unwinding frame, a color code detection device, a film feeding frame, a packaging bag positioning mechanism and a packaging bag cutting mechanism, wherein the unwinding frame, the color code detection device, the packaging bag positioning mechanism and the packaging bag cutting mechanism are sequentially connected, and the packaging bag positioning mechanism and the packaging bag cutting mechanism are respectively arranged on the film feeding frame;
the injector bag feeding mechanism and the packaging bag cutting mechanism are oppositely arranged;
the transverse sealing area comprises an air suction device, a sealing device, a variable-frequency conveying device, a cooling device and a cutting and tearing device which are sequentially connected;
the electric control system comprises an electric control cabinet and a touch screen, the electric control cabinet comprises a power supply system, a PLC and a stepping motor driver which are sequentially connected, and the electric control cabinet is electrically connected with the touch screen;
the first photoelectric switch, the second photoelectric switch and the third photoelectric switch are respectively electrically connected with the PLC.
Among the foretell syringe intelligence automatic packaging machine, elevating system places the board including PMKD, linear slide rail, lift drive actuating cylinder, guide post, link mechanism and syringe, wherein:
the linear slide rail is arranged above the fixed bottom plate;
the lifting driving cylinder is arranged on the fixed bottom plate;
the connecting rod mechanism is connected with the lifting driving cylinder, the top end of the connecting rod mechanism is connected with the linear slide rail, and the bottom end of the connecting rod mechanism is connected with the fixed bottom plate;
the guide post is vertically arranged between the fixed bottom plate and the linear slide rail and is connected with the connecting rod mechanism;
the injector placing plate is arranged on the linear sliding rail in a transversely sliding manner;
the injector placing plate is provided with a plurality of injector placing grooves.
Among the foretell syringe intelligence automatic packaging machine, pushing equipment pushes away material transmission shaft, two and pushes away material rack and two and push away the material gear including pushing away material mount, a servo motor, wherein:
the two pushing racks are longitudinally arranged on the left side and the right side of the top end of the feeding rack in a one-to-one correspondence manner;
the two pushing gears are meshed on the two pushing racks in a one-to-one correspondence manner;
the pushing fixing frame is in a U-shaped structure surrounded by a bottom rod, a left side rod and a right side rod and is arranged between the two pushing racks;
a plurality of push rods are uniformly distributed on the lower surface of the bottom rod of the pushing fixing frame and are positioned on the rear sides of the injector placing grooves in a one-to-one correspondence manner;
the pushing transmission shaft is bridged between the left side rod and the right side rod of the pushing fixing frame, and two ends of the pushing transmission shaft are connected with the two pushing gears in a one-to-one correspondence manner;
one end of the material pushing transmission shaft is connected with the first servo motor through a first coupler.
In the above-mentioned syringe intelligence automatic packaging machine, the seesaw mechanism includes seesaw mount, second servo motor, seesaw transmission shaft, two seesaw racks and two seesaw gears, wherein:
the two front and rear moving racks are longitudinally arranged on the left side and the right side of the middle part of the feeding rack in a one-to-one correspondence manner;
the two forward and backward movement gears are meshed on the two forward and backward movement racks in a one-to-one correspondence manner;
the front and back movement fixing frame is of an inverted U-shaped structure formed by a top rod, a left side rod and a right side rod, and is arranged between the two front and back movement racks;
a plurality of injector guide plates are uniformly distributed at the upper end of the ejector rod of the front-back movement fixing frame and are positioned at the front sides of the injector placing grooves in a one-to-one correspondence manner;
the front and back movement transmission shaft is bridged between a left side rod and a right side rod of the front and back movement fixing frame, and two ends of the front and back movement transmission shaft are connected with the two front and back movement gears in a one-to-one correspondence manner;
one end of the back-and-forth motion transmission shaft is connected with the second servo motor through a second coupler.
Among the foretell syringe intelligence automatic packaging machine, wrapping bag cutting mechanism is including cutting mount, third servo motor, cutting transmission shaft, two cutting racks and two cutting gears, wherein:
the two cutting racks are longitudinally arranged on the left side and the right side of the film feeding rack in a one-to-one correspondence manner;
the two cutting gears are meshed on the two cutting racks in a one-to-one correspondence manner;
the cutting fixing frame is of an inverted U-shaped structure formed by encircling of a top rod, a left side rod and a right side rod and is arranged between the two cutting racks;
an air cylinder fixing frame is arranged above the cutting fixing frame, a plurality of air cylinders are uniformly distributed on the lower surface of the air cylinder fixing frame, the air cylinders are correspondingly positioned on the front sides of the injector guide plates one by one, and the bottom end of each air cylinder is connected with a cutting knife;
the cutting transmission shaft is bridged between the left side rod and the right side rod of the cutting fixing frame, and two ends of the cutting transmission shaft are connected with the two cutting gears in a one-to-one correspondence manner;
one end of the cutting transmission shaft is connected with the third servo motor through a third coupler.
In the intelligent automatic packaging machine for the syringes, the feeding rack and the film feeding rack are respectively provided with the inductive switches, and the inductive switches are electrically connected with the PLC.
In the above intelligent automatic packaging machine for syringes, the track on the screening tray is transversely arranged; and the tracks under the screening discs are longitudinally arranged.
In the above intelligent automatic packaging machine for syringes, the conveyor belt is driven by a motor.
In the intelligent automatic packaging machine for the syringes, the former is arranged at the front end of the front-back movement mechanism.
In the intelligent automatic packaging machine for the syringes, the packaging bag positioning mechanism is driven by the stepping motor to be in butt joint with the former.
The intelligent automatic packaging machine for the injector overcomes the defects of the prior equipment in the product performance, and achieves full-intelligent automatic control and convenient operation; the production efficiency is further improved, and manual operation is replaced to a greater extent; and the produced product is more sanitary and safer.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of an intelligent automatic packaging machine for syringes according to the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a general assembly view of the syringe bag feeding mechanism and the package bag cutting mechanism;
FIG. 3a is a schematic perspective view of a lifting mechanism of the syringe bag-loading mechanism;
FIG. 3b is a front view of the lifting mechanism of the syringe bag insertion mechanism;
FIG. 3c is a top view of the lifting mechanism of the syringe bag insertion mechanism;
FIG. 4a is a schematic perspective view of a pushing mechanism of the syringe bag feeding mechanism;
FIG. 4b is a front view of the pushing mechanism of the syringe bag feeding mechanism;
FIG. 4c is a top view of the pushing mechanism of the syringe bagging mechanism;
FIG. 5a is a schematic perspective view of a back and forth movement mechanism of the syringe bag-insertion mechanism;
FIG. 5b is a front view of the back and forth movement mechanism of the syringe bagging mechanism;
FIG. 5c is a top view of the back and forth movement mechanism of the syringe bagging mechanism;
FIG. 6a is a schematic perspective view of a bag cutter;
FIG. 6b is a front view of the bag cutter mechanism;
fig. 6c is a top view of the package cutting mechanism.
Detailed Description
In order that those skilled in the art will better understand the technical solution of the present invention, the following detailed description is given with reference to the accompanying drawings:
referring to fig. 1 and 2, in a preferred embodiment of the present invention, an intelligent automatic packing machine for injectors includes a sorting and screening area, a material preparation area 2, an injector feeding area 3, a packaging bag feeding area 4, a conveyor belt 5, a transverse sealing area 6 and an electrical control system, wherein the sorting and screening area, the material preparation area 2 and the injector feeding area 3 are sequentially connected, the packaging bag feeding area 4 and the injector feeding area 3 are correspondingly disposed at the front and rear sides of the inlet end of the conveyor belt 5, the transverse sealing area 6 is disposed at the outlet end of the conveyor belt 5, and the sorting and screening area, the material preparation area 2, the injector feeding area 3, the packaging bag feeding area 4, the conveyor belt 5 and the transverse sealing area 6 are respectively connected to the electrical control system.
The sequencing screening district includes feed bin 11, lifting machine 12, centrifuge 13 and syringe delivery track, syringe delivery track includes sieving mechanism and product buffer, sieving mechanism includes track 14 on the screening dish, screening dish 15, track 16 under the screening dish, sieving mechanism motor and first photoelectric switch, feed bin 11, lifting machine 12, centrifuge 13, track 14 on the screening dish, screening dish 15 and screening dish track 16 link to each other in proper order, the screening mechanism motor links to each other with screening dish 15, the screening mechanism motor links to each other with first photoelectric switch electricity, be provided with the second photoelectric switch on the screening dish 15, the below of screening dish 15 is provided with the third photoelectric switch. The track 14 on the screening disk is transversely arranged; the screening tray lower track 16 is longitudinally disposed.
The material preparation area 2 comprises a material preparation motor, a rotary table 21 and a sliding block used for pushing the injector to the injector feeding area 3, the material preparation motor is connected with the rotary table 21, the material preparation motor is electrically connected with a third photoelectric switch, the rotary table 21 is connected with the lower rail 17 of the screening disc, and the sliding block and the rotary table 21 work synchronously. The turntable 21 is connected to the screening tray lower track 16.
The injector feeding area 3 comprises a feeding rack 31 and an injector bag feeding mechanism 35, the injector bag feeding mechanism 35 comprises a lifting mechanism 32, a material pushing mechanism 33 and a front-back movement mechanism 34, the front-back movement mechanism 34 and the lifting mechanism 32 are arranged in the feeding rack 31 in tandem, and the material pushing mechanism 33 is arranged at the top end of the feeding rack 31. The forward and backward movement mechanism 34 is provided at its front end with a former.
The packaging bag film conveying area 4 comprises an unwinding frame, a color code detection device, a film conveying frame 41, a packaging bag positioning mechanism and a packaging bag cutting mechanism 42, the unwinding frame, the color code detection device, the packaging bag positioning mechanism and the packaging bag cutting mechanism 42 are sequentially connected, and the packaging bag positioning mechanism and the packaging bag cutting mechanism 42 are respectively arranged on the film conveying frame 41. The packaging bag positioning mechanism is driven by a stepping motor to be in butt joint with the former.
The syringe bag-inserting mechanism 35 and the bag-cutting mechanism 42 are disposed opposite to each other.
The transverse sealing area 6 comprises a suction device, a sealing device, a variable-frequency conveying device, a cooling device and a cutting and tearing device which are sequentially connected.
The electrical control system 7 comprises an electrical control cabinet 71 and a touch screen 72, the electrical control cabinet 71 comprises a power supply system, a PLC and a stepping motor driver which are sequentially connected, and the electrical control cabinet 71 is electrically connected with the touch screen 72.
The first photoelectric switch, the second photoelectric switch and the third photoelectric switch are respectively electrically connected with the PLC.
The feeding rack 31 and the film feeding rack 41 are respectively provided with an inductive switch, and the inductive switches are electrically connected with the PLC.
The conveyor belt 5 is driven by a motor.
The functions of each part of the intelligent automatic packaging machine for the syringe are briefly described as follows:
1. the sorting and screening area mainly conveys the disposable syringes in the feed bin 11 to a centrifuge 13 through a hoist 12 for sorting and then sliding into a syringe conveying track. The injector conveying track is divided into two parts of a screening device and a product buffer area. The screening device is mainly used for screening the sorted and sorted syringe products, defective products are screened out, and qualified products enter the next section. Wherein: the first photoelectric switch detects whether a motor of the screening device works or not through PLC control; and a second photoelectric switch is arranged on the screening disc 15, so that the sufficient materials of the upper and lower rails 14 and 16 of the screening disc are ensured. The product buffer zone is mainly used for buffering the screened products, wherein: a third photoelectric switch is installed below the screening disc 15 for detection, the PLC is used for giving an alarm whether the whole feeding system is normal or not, and the rear-section material preparation motor is controlled to be started or not.
2. The material preparation area 2 is divided into a turntable blanking part and a sliding block conveying part. Whether the rotary disc 21 in the rotary disc blanking part works or not is controlled by a third photoelectric switch of the sequencing screening area of the upper section through a PLC, and the number of blanking paths each time can be modified through a parameter setting interface of the touch screen 72; the sliding block in the sliding block conveying part synchronously works along with the rotating disc, and the sliding block is mainly used for stably pushing the injector products to the injector feeding area 3 and preparing for the next step of work.
3. The injector feeding area 3 comprises a lifting mechanism 32, a pushing mechanism 33 and a back-and-forth movement mechanism 34. The forward and backward movement mechanism 34 is provided at its front end with a former. The lifting mechanism 32, the pushing mechanism 33 and the forward and backward movement mechanism 34 work in coordination. After the product is pushed to the injector feeding area 3 by the sliding block, the lifting mechanism 32 rises, the back-and-forth movement mechanism 34 advances, the pushing mechanism 33 advances, and the injector is fed into the forming device. The lifting mechanism 32 is mainly used for lifting the syringe to a height which can be pushed by the pushing mechanism 33. The former mainly is to open the packaging film and finalize the design, makes things convenient for the sending into of syringe product.
4. The film feeding area is divided into an unwinding frame, a color code detection device, a packaging bag positioning mechanism and a packaging bag cutting mechanism 42. The unwinding frame is used for fixing the packaging film, and the packaging film can be lifted to a height suitable for packaging by a lifting motor; the color code detection device is arranged at the opening position of the packaging film, and if the position is not right, the color code induction intensity can be adjusted by adjusting a knob on a color code probe; the packaging bag positioning mechanism is driven by a stepping motor to be in butt joint with the former, and a packaging film is sleeved on the former to prepare for the injector product to enter the packaging film; the package cutting mechanism 42 is responsible for cutting off a section of film already loaded with syringe products, so that the film is independently dropped on the conveyor belt 5 to prepare for subsequent film sealing and ironing.
5. The conveyor 5 feeds the packaged semifinished products into a transverse sealing zone 6.
6. The transverse sealing area 6 comprises an air suction device, a sealing device, a variable-frequency conveying device, a cooling device and a cutting and tearing device which are sequentially connected. The air suction device is used for sucking out redundant air in the bag, so that the volume is conveniently compressed; the temperature of a heating pipe of the sealing device needs to be preheated, and the sealing can be generally carried out at about 150 ℃; the frequency conversion conveying device is used for conveying the packaged products to be sealed and taking away waste heat; the cooling device takes away the residual heat at the sealing position of the packaging bag, so that the cutting is facilitated; the cutting and tearing device cuts the edge of the head of the sealed packaging bag into a sawtooth shape, so that the packaging bag is convenient to use.
7. The electrical control system includes an electrical control cabinet 71 and a touch screen 72. The electric control cabinet 71 comprises a power supply system, a PLC and a stepping motor driver, and realizes the automatic control function of the whole equipment; the touch screen 72 is a device that enables human-machine interaction and allows manual control of the device as well as automatic control of parameter modification.
Referring to fig. 3a to 3c, the lifting mechanism 32 includes a fixed bottom plate 321, a linear slide 322, a lifting driving cylinder 323, a guiding column 324, a link mechanism 325 and a syringe placing plate 326, wherein: the linear slide rail 322 is arranged above the fixed bottom plate 321; the lifting driving cylinder 323 is arranged on the fixed bottom plate 321; the connecting rod mechanism 325 is connected with the lifting driving cylinder 323, the top end of the connecting rod mechanism 325 is connected with the linear slide rail 322, and the bottom end of the connecting rod mechanism 325 is connected with the fixed bottom plate 321; the guide post 324 is vertically arranged between the fixed bottom plate 321 and the linear slide rail 322, and the guide post 324 is connected with the link mechanism 325; the syringe placement plate 326 is laterally slidably disposed on the linear slide 322; the syringe placing plate 322 is provided with a plurality of syringe placing grooves 327. In use, the slide block of the material preparation area 2 pushes the syringe 100 smoothly into the syringe placement groove 327 of the lifting mechanism 32 of the syringe feed area 3. The linkage 325 is in the shape of a scissors fork.
Referring to fig. 4a to 4c, the pushing mechanism 33 includes a pushing fixing frame 331, a first servo motor 332, a pushing transmission shaft 333, two pushing racks 334, and two pushing gears 335, wherein: the two pushing racks 334 are longitudinally arranged on the left side and the right side of the top end of the feeding rack 31 in a one-to-one correspondence manner; the two pushing gears 335 are engaged with the two pushing racks 334 in a one-to-one correspondence; the pushing fixing frame 331 is enclosed by a bottom rod, a left rod and a right rod to form a U-shaped structure, and the pushing fixing frame 331 is arranged between the two pushing racks 334; a plurality of push rods 336 are uniformly distributed on the lower surface of the bottom rod of the pushing fixing frame 331, and the push rods 336 are correspondingly positioned on the rear sides of the syringe placing grooves 327 (see fig. 2); the pushing transmission shaft 333 is bridged between the left side rod and the right side rod of the pushing fixing frame 331, and two ends of the pushing transmission shaft 333 are correspondingly connected with the two pushing gears 335 one by one; one end of the pushing transmission shaft 333 is connected to the first servomotor 332 through the first coupling 337.
Referring to fig. 5a to 5c, the forward/backward movement mechanism 34 includes the forward/backward movement fixing frame 341, a second servo motor 342, a forward/backward movement transmission shaft 343, two forward/backward movement racks 344 and two forward/backward movement gears 345, wherein: the two forward and backward movement racks 344 are longitudinally arranged on the left and right sides of the middle part of the feeding rack 31 in a one-to-one correspondence; two forward-backward movement gears 345 are engaged with the two forward-backward movement racks 344 in a one-to-one correspondence; the front-back movement fixing frame 341 is enclosed by a top rod, a left side rod and a right side rod to form an inverted U-shaped structure, and the front-back movement fixing frame 341 is arranged between two front-back movement racks 344; a plurality of injector guide plates 346 are uniformly distributed at the upper end of the mandril of the front-back movement fixing frame 341, and the injector guide plates 346 are correspondingly positioned at the front sides of the injector placing grooves 327 one by one; the forward and backward movement transmission shaft 343 is bridged between the left and right rods of the forward and backward movement mount 341, and both ends of the forward and backward movement transmission shaft 434 are connected to the two forward and backward movement gears 345 in a one-to-one correspondence; one end of the forward and backward movement transmission shaft 343 is connected to the second servo motor 342 through a second coupling 347.
The syringe bag-in mechanism 35 comprises a lifting mechanism 32, a pushing mechanism 33 and a back-and-forth movement mechanism 34, and the working principle of the syringe bag-in mechanism 35 is as follows: the syringe 100 is transferred to the corresponding platform of the elevation mechanism 32, i.e., the syringe placement groove 327 (see fig. 3a) on the syringe placement plate 322, through the stock preparation section 2 (see fig. 1). After the conveying is finished, the inductive switch on the feeding rack 31 sends a signal, the second servo motor 342 drives the front-back movement mechanism 34 to move forward (see fig. 5a), and the former at the front end of the front-back movement mechanism 34 opens the packaging bag; simultaneously, the lifting driving cylinder 323 drives the lifting mechanism 32 to ascend (see fig. 3 a); after the lifting mechanism 32 is lifted to the right position, the first servo motor 332 drives the pushing mechanism 33 to move forward (see fig. 4a), so as to push the syringe 100 into the packaging bag. Then, the lifting mechanism 32 is lowered, the forward and backward movement mechanism 34 is retracted, and the pusher mechanism 33 is retracted. All mechanisms are returned to the initial state for the next cycle.
The lifting mechanism 32 functions mainly as: the platform with the injector is lifted up or lowered down, and the lifting mechanism 32 is mainly driven by a lifting driving cylinder 323 to ensure that the fork-shaped link mechanism 325 of the scissors can stably rise and fall; the pushing mechanism 33 mainly functions as: the syringe 100 is stably sent into a packaging bag, and the pushing mechanism 33 drives the gear rack mechanism to do linear motion back and forth through the first servo motor 332; the forward and backward movement mechanism 34 (including the former) mainly functions as: the inlet of the packaging bag is opened and the pushing mechanism 33 is matched to enable the injector to stably enter the packaging bag, and the back-and-forth movement mechanism 34 drives the gear rack mechanism to do back-and-forth linear movement through the second servo motor 324.
Referring to fig. 6a to 6c, the package bag cutting mechanism 42 includes a cutting fixing frame 421, a third servo motor 422, a cutting transmission shaft 423, two cutting racks 424 and two cutting gears 425, wherein: the two cutting racks 424 are longitudinally arranged on the left side and the right side of the film feeding rack 41 in a one-to-one correspondence manner; the two cutting gears 425 are meshed on the two cutting racks 424 in a one-to-one correspondence; the cutting fixing frame 421 is an inverted U-shaped structure formed by a top rod, a left rod and a right rod, and the cutting fixing frame 421 is arranged between the two cutting racks 424; an air cylinder fixing frame 426 is arranged above the cutting fixing frame 421, a plurality of air cylinders 427 are uniformly distributed on the lower surface of the air cylinder fixing frame 426, the air cylinders 427 are correspondingly arranged on the front sides of the injector guide plates 346, and the bottom end of each air cylinder 427 is connected with a cutting knife 428; the cutting transmission shaft 423 is bridged between the left side rod and the right side rod of the cutting fixing frame 421, and two ends of the cutting transmission shaft 423 are connected with the two cutting gears 425 in a one-to-one correspondence manner; one end of the cutting drive shaft 423 is connected to a third servomotor 422 via a third coupling 429.
The operating principle of the package bag cutting mechanism 42 is as follows: the packages are fed to the package cutting mechanism 42 (see fig. 2) by the mechanism associated with the package feeding section 4. After the conveying is finished, the induction switch on the film feeding rack 41 sends out a signal, and the third servo motor 422 drives the packaging bag cutting mechanism to advance; after the syringe is loaded into the bag, the air cylinder 427 drives the cutter 428 to move downward to cut the bag. Then, the bag cutting mechanism 42 is retracted, and at the same time, the bag positioning mechanism is retracted. This leaves the packages containing the syringes on the respective conveyor 5.
The main functions of the packaging bag positioning mechanism are as follows: the packaging bag is penetrated in the middle of a pair of (two paired) rollers through the guide sheet, one roller below adopts synchronous belt transmission and is driven by the stepping motor to realize accurate positioning of the packaging bag.
The primary functions of the bag cutter mechanism 42 are: the package bag with the syringe is cut off and the whole mechanism can move back and forth to make the package bag with the syringe stay on the corresponding conveying belt. The packaging bag cutting mechanism 42 drives the cutting knife 428 to cut off the packaging bag through the air cylinder 427, and the third servo motor 422 drives the gear rack mechanism to do linear motion back and forth.
After the packaging bags with the syringes are cut and left on the conveying belt 5, all the packaging bags are conveyed to the transverse sealing area 6 through the driving of the motor, so that the sealing work of the packaging bags is finished, and then the packaging stage is carried out. The conveyer belt 5 is driven by a motor to make the packaging bag provided with the injector do circular unidirectional linear motion on a plane.
In conclusion, the intelligent automatic packaging machine for the injector, disclosed by the invention, overcomes the defects in the product performance of the original equipment, and realizes full-intelligent automatic control and convenient operation; the production efficiency is further improved, and manual operation is replaced to a greater extent; and the produced product is more sanitary and safer.
It should be understood by those skilled in the art that the above embodiments are only for illustrating the present invention and are not to be used as a limitation of the present invention, and that changes and modifications to the above described embodiments are within the scope of the claims of the present invention as long as they are within the spirit and scope of the present invention.

Claims (6)

1. An intelligent automatic packing machine for injectors is characterized by comprising a sequencing screening area, a material preparing area, an injector feeding area, a packaging bag film feeding area, a conveying belt, a transverse sealing area and an electrical control system, wherein the sequencing screening area, the material preparing area and the injector feeding area are sequentially connected, the packaging bag film feeding area and the injector feeding area are arranged on the front side and the rear side of the inlet end of the conveying belt in a one-to-one correspondence manner, the transverse sealing area is arranged at the outlet end of the conveying belt, and the sequencing screening area, the material preparing area, the injector feeding area, the packaging bag film feeding area, the conveying belt and the transverse sealing area are respectively connected with the electrical control system; wherein:
the sorting and screening area comprises a feeding bin, a lifter, a centrifuge and an injector conveying track, the injector conveying track comprises a screening device and a product buffer area, the screening device comprises a screening disc upper track, a screening disc lower track, a screening device motor and a first photoelectric switch, the feeding bin, the lifter, the centrifuge, the screening disc upper track, the screening disc and the screening disc lower track are sequentially connected, the screening device motor is connected with the screening disc, the screening device motor is electrically connected with the first photoelectric switch, a second photoelectric switch is arranged on the screening disc, and a third photoelectric switch is arranged below the screening disc;
the material preparation area comprises a material preparation motor, a rotary table and a sliding block for pushing an injector to the injector feeding area, the material preparation motor is connected with the rotary table, the material preparation motor is electrically connected with the third photoelectric switch, the rotary table is connected with a lower track of the screening disc, and the sliding block and the rotary table work synchronously;
the injector feeding area comprises a feeding rack and an injector bag feeding mechanism, the injector bag feeding mechanism comprises a lifting mechanism, a pushing mechanism and a front-back movement mechanism, the front-back movement mechanism and the lifting mechanism are arranged in the feeding rack in tandem, and the pushing mechanism is arranged at the top end of the feeding rack;
the packaging bag film feeding area comprises an unwinding frame, a color code detection device, a film feeding frame, a packaging bag positioning mechanism and a packaging bag cutting mechanism, wherein the unwinding frame, the color code detection device, the packaging bag positioning mechanism and the packaging bag cutting mechanism are sequentially connected, and the packaging bag positioning mechanism and the packaging bag cutting mechanism are respectively arranged on the film feeding frame;
the injector bag feeding mechanism and the packaging bag cutting mechanism are oppositely arranged;
the transverse sealing area comprises an air suction device, a sealing device, a variable-frequency conveying device, a cooling device and a cutting and tearing device which are sequentially connected;
the electric control system comprises an electric control cabinet and a touch screen, the electric control cabinet comprises a power supply system, a PLC and a stepping motor driver which are sequentially connected, and the electric control cabinet is electrically connected with the touch screen;
the first photoelectric switch, the second photoelectric switch and the third photoelectric switch are respectively electrically connected with the PLC;
elevating system places the board including PMKD, linear slide rail, lift drive actuating cylinder, guide post, link mechanism and syringe, wherein:
the linear slide rail is arranged above the fixed bottom plate;
the lifting driving cylinder is arranged on the fixed bottom plate;
the connecting rod mechanism is connected with the lifting driving cylinder, the top end of the connecting rod mechanism is connected with the linear slide rail, and the bottom end of the connecting rod mechanism is connected with the fixed bottom plate;
the guide post is vertically arranged between the fixed bottom plate and the linear slide rail and is connected with the connecting rod mechanism;
the injector placing plate is arranged on the linear sliding rail in a transversely sliding manner;
the injector placing plate is provided with a plurality of injector placing grooves;
pushing equipment pushes away material transmission shaft, two and pushes away material rack and two and push away the material gear including pushing away material mount, a servo motor, wherein:
the two pushing racks are longitudinally arranged on the left side and the right side of the top end of the feeding rack in a one-to-one correspondence manner;
the two pushing gears are meshed on the two pushing racks in a one-to-one correspondence manner;
the pushing fixing frame is in a U-shaped structure surrounded by a bottom rod, a left side rod and a right side rod and is arranged between the two pushing racks;
a plurality of push rods are uniformly distributed on the lower surface of the bottom rod of the pushing fixing frame and are positioned on the rear sides of the injector placing grooves in a one-to-one correspondence manner;
the pushing transmission shaft is bridged between the left side rod and the right side rod of the pushing fixing frame, and two ends of the pushing transmission shaft are connected with the two pushing gears in a one-to-one correspondence manner;
one end of the material pushing transmission shaft is connected with the first servo motor through a first coupler;
the fore-and-aft movement mechanism comprises an fore-and-aft movement fixing frame, a second servo motor, an fore-and-aft movement transmission shaft, two fore-and-aft movement racks and two fore-and-aft movement gears, wherein:
the two front and rear moving racks are longitudinally arranged on the left side and the right side of the middle part of the feeding rack in a one-to-one correspondence manner;
the two forward and backward movement gears are meshed on the two forward and backward movement racks in a one-to-one correspondence manner;
the front and back movement fixing frame is of an inverted U-shaped structure formed by a top rod, a left side rod and a right side rod, and is arranged between the two front and back movement racks;
a plurality of injector guide plates are uniformly distributed at the upper end of the ejector rod of the front-back movement fixing frame and are positioned at the front sides of the injector placing grooves in a one-to-one correspondence manner;
the front and back movement transmission shaft is bridged between a left side rod and a right side rod of the front and back movement fixing frame, and two ends of the front and back movement transmission shaft are connected with the two front and back movement gears in a one-to-one correspondence manner;
one end of the back-and-forth motion transmission shaft is connected with the second servo motor through a second coupler;
wrapping bag cutting mechanism is including cutting mount, third servo motor, cutting transmission shaft, two cutting racks and two cutting gears, wherein:
the two cutting racks are longitudinally arranged on the left side and the right side of the film feeding rack in a one-to-one correspondence manner;
the two cutting gears are meshed on the two cutting racks in a one-to-one correspondence manner;
the cutting fixing frame is of an inverted U-shaped structure formed by encircling of a top rod, a left side rod and a right side rod and is arranged between the two cutting racks;
an air cylinder fixing frame is arranged above the cutting fixing frame, a plurality of air cylinders are uniformly distributed on the lower surface of the air cylinder fixing frame, the air cylinders are correspondingly positioned on the front sides of the injector guide plates one by one, and the bottom end of each air cylinder is connected with a cutting knife;
the cutting transmission shaft is bridged between the left side rod and the right side rod of the cutting fixing frame, and two ends of the cutting transmission shaft are connected with the two cutting gears in a one-to-one correspondence manner;
one end of the cutting transmission shaft is connected with the third servo motor through a third coupler.
2. The intelligent automatic packaging machine for the syringes according to claim 1, wherein the feeding rack and the film feeding rack are respectively provided with an inductive switch, and the inductive switches are electrically connected with the PLC.
3. The intelligent automatic packaging machine for the syringes according to claim 1, wherein the track on the screening tray is transversely arranged; and the tracks under the screening discs are longitudinally arranged.
4. The intelligent automatic packaging machine for syringes according to claim 1, wherein said conveyor belt is driven by a motor.
5. The intelligent automatic packaging machine for the syringes according to claim 1, wherein a former is provided at the front end of the back and forth movement mechanism.
6. The intelligent automatic packaging machine for syringes according to claim 5, wherein said bag positioning mechanism is driven by a stepper motor to interface with said former.
CN201610873748.1A 2016-09-30 2016-09-30 Intelligent automatic packaging machine for syringes Active CN107878818B (en)

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Families Citing this family (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108482753A (en) * 2018-05-24 2018-09-04 玉环县迈克自动化塑机有限公司 A kind of injector package machine
CN110615138A (en) * 2019-10-29 2019-12-27 北京博日鸿科技发展有限公司 Following type squirt plastic support feeding mechanism for boxing machine

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CN202670145U (en) * 2012-04-27 2013-01-16 江阴市业丰科技有限公司 Full-automatic syringe packing machine
CN103241413A (en) * 2013-05-07 2013-08-14 中山环亚塑料包装有限公司 Heat-sealing film cutter device
CN203699809U (en) * 2013-12-12 2014-07-09 淮北市中安矿机设备有限公司 Mining pneumatic lifting platform
CN204110392U (en) * 2014-07-14 2015-01-21 常州市业丰机械科技有限公司 Syringe automatic packaging machine
CN204415855U (en) * 2015-01-19 2015-06-24 浙江大学台州研究院 The automatic packaging machine of disposable syringe

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN202670145U (en) * 2012-04-27 2013-01-16 江阴市业丰科技有限公司 Full-automatic syringe packing machine
CN103241413A (en) * 2013-05-07 2013-08-14 中山环亚塑料包装有限公司 Heat-sealing film cutter device
CN203699809U (en) * 2013-12-12 2014-07-09 淮北市中安矿机设备有限公司 Mining pneumatic lifting platform
CN204110392U (en) * 2014-07-14 2015-01-21 常州市业丰机械科技有限公司 Syringe automatic packaging machine
CN204415855U (en) * 2015-01-19 2015-06-24 浙江大学台州研究院 The automatic packaging machine of disposable syringe

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