CN107861446A - A kind of monitoring system and its application method for protecting building - Google Patents

A kind of monitoring system and its application method for protecting building Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107861446A
CN107861446A CN201710917755.1A CN201710917755A CN107861446A CN 107861446 A CN107861446 A CN 107861446A CN 201710917755 A CN201710917755 A CN 201710917755A CN 107861446 A CN107861446 A CN 107861446A
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China
Prior art keywords
early warning
warning
building
years
construction
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CN201710917755.1A
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Inventor
陆珏
陈洋
王英
蔡乐刚
郑胜蓝
李占鸿
朱杰
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Shanghai Housing Quality Measuring Station
SHANGHAI INST OF REAL ESTATE SCIENCE
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Shanghai Housing Quality Measuring Station
SHANGHAI INST OF REAL ESTATE SCIENCE
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Priority to CN201710917755.1A priority Critical patent/CN107861446A/en
Publication of CN107861446A publication Critical patent/CN107861446A/en
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    • GPHYSICS
    • G05CONTROLLING; REGULATING
    • G05BCONTROL OR REGULATING SYSTEMS IN GENERAL; FUNCTIONAL ELEMENTS OF SUCH SYSTEMS; MONITORING OR TESTING ARRANGEMENTS FOR SUCH SYSTEMS OR ELEMENTS
    • G05B19/00Programme-control systems
    • G05B19/02Programme-control systems electric
    • G05B19/04Programme control other than numerical control, i.e. in sequence controllers or logic controllers
    • G05B19/048Monitoring; Safety

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  • General Physics & Mathematics (AREA)
  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Automation & Control Theory (AREA)
  • Alarm Systems (AREA)

Abstract

The present invention is a kind of building safety monitoring system and its application method, including interface subsystem, data base management subsystem, safe early warning subsystem, memory, and client, maintenance port, inquiry and analysis port.The information system management centralized and unified to building safety information can be realized by technical scheme, avoid and solution of emergent event, improve the level of building safety management, using advanced, reliable, applicable information technology, the science and fineness of building safety management are lifted, improves the instantaneity and efficiency of safety management.The present invention has broad prospects in building trade especially building safety monitoring field, and market is huge.

Description

A kind of monitoring system and its application method for protecting building
Technical field
The invention belongs to build monitoring field, a kind of safety monitoring system for protecting building and its user are specifically related to Method.
Background technology
Urban architecture is not only related to safely the life security of the people, and the harmony for also contributing to society is stabilized, and is city peace Full important component, it is a highly important social concern.In recent years, building safety problem in China's highlights.2014 4 The moon 4, Zhejiang Fenghua City occur residential building and caved in, and cause people's lives and properties heavy losses.
In huge urban architecture total amount at present, there are still the building partly built before liberation, they are mostly Through entering the overage period of service.Due to building age difference, used material and the codes and standards of selection when building are built There is certain difference, therefore integral status is complex.And build during its use, multiple dress may be experienced Situations such as repairing, transforming, particularly tearing down and reconstructing safety problem caused by load-carrying members has caused the generation of many places collapse accident.
Meanwhile in Process of Urban Development, the Large Scale Construction Engineering such as construction infection such as subway, tunnel, deep basal pit, also to week Side building safety has a negative impact.
From the point of view of the information involved by urban architecture, information data amount is big, and change is frequent, and the administrative department being related to is more. Building is in-service interim at its, and its complete damage degree will change, and in face of the existing building that China has a large capacity and a wide range, it there is no at present Damage situation statistics.Meanwhile in the activity such as regular maintenance management or emergency repair in existing building, solution danger, the base of building This data such as owner, design, construction drawing, later stage decoration renovation, complete damage situation, examining report, repairerment drawing history money Material missing, the related data information dispersion of part existing building is in each relevant departments or unit, without centralized and unified informationization pipe Reason system, causes data information to compile difficulty, turns into short slab during accident emergency processing.
It is anxious fully with advanced, reliable, applicable information technology in order to further improve the level of building safety management A set of building safety monitoring system and its application method need to be established, lifts the science and fineness of building safety management, is improved The instantaneity and efficiency of safety management.
The content of the invention
The defects of in order to overcome prior art, the present invention propose a kind of building safety monitoring system and its application method. The present invention realizes by the following technical solutions:
A kind of building safety monitoring system, including interface subsystem, data base management subsystem, safe early warning subsystem, Memory, and client, maintenance port, inquiry and analysis port.
The interface subsystem, including data share exchange interface, Map Services interface, system expansion interface.
The data share exchange interface, it is that each submodule of whole system realizes integrated crucial and basic.Data connect Mouth management can shield data format and its access technique, when database format changes, only need docking port management level to do phase The change answered.It is connected with data base management subsystem in a flexible way, is next layer of offer base by connection management data This data organizational form, to meet that (layering retrieval, retrieval by window, region are examined for the processing of all kinds of input datas and space querying Rope, conditional information retrieval, spatial relationship retrieval etc.).
Data share exchange interface includes data share exchange interface administration module, and it is the system and other related applications Unified, standard, reliable interface function is provided between system and business datum, for based on kinds of platform, utilize a variety of programmings The types of applications systems with data that language is realized exchanges and shared common application interface module.
By providing unified and standard data-interface and Data Share System, both effectively ensure system data safety, again It ensure that between system and internal system data freely transmitted.The building safety monitoring system supports the GIS platform of pop A variety of data formats (SHP, MIF, VPF, RPF, DTED, ETOPO, ORACLE SPATIAL DATA, NEXRAD) directly read Take, it is not necessary to change.Meanwhile data exchange can be carried out with Internet map server (SICAD).
Data share exchange interface comprises at least:Map Services interface, system expansion interface.
The data base management subsystem, for being managed to all types of data resource of each stage.
The Map Services interface, for providing the Web service interface set of general GIS functions, make for secondary development With.User can be under the support of these interfaces, and integrated map browses in the operation system of oneself, spatial interaction is inquired about, be emerging A variety of GIS functions such as interest point inquiry, perimeter query, specific analysis.The realization of these functions due to interface encapsulation, user can be with The detail realized without the management and function that consider data, directly obtain the end product of oneself needs, such user Main attention can be concentrated on to the exploitation of operation system rather than the realization of GIS concrete functions, so as to effectively reduce system development Cost and complexity.
The system expansion interface, for realizing the interface service between other management systems.Such as by with house property industry Business system establishes interface, obtains house management information.
The safe early warning subsystem comprises at least five modules:
Module one:Time super-limit prewarning module.Including:Super design life, super detection cycle, surpass and repair the cycle, surpass Glass curtain wall detection cycle.
Module two:Adjacent construction infection warning module.Including:Subway work, city planting ductwork construction, foundation pit construction.
Module three:Artificial destruction warning module.Including:Destructiveness finishing and transformation.
Module four:Aging warning module.Including:The facilities and equipment aging such as elevator, fire-fighting, water pump, material aging.
Module five:Force majeure warning module.Including:Earthquake, heavy rain, severe snow, typhoon, fire, blast.
The module three, four, five needs to trigger warning message under conditions of manual intervention.
Selected as one kind, the memory is cloud storage.
Database is comprised at least in the memory.The database receives management and the tune of data base management subsystem With.
The database, include integrated information, architecture information.
The integrated information, comprising owner's information, administration departmentses and modification information, drawing data, repair transformation money Material, security evaluation report, safety detection are reported, need the position of emphasis monitoring and the potential safety hazard of protrusion.
The architecture information, including spatial data and attribute data two large divisions's content.The spatial data includes building Figure layer and Fundamental Geographic Information System figure layer are managed, again including Vector Topographic Map, administrative map, each in Fundamental Geographic Information System figure layer Framing index map and image data under level engineer's scale.The attribute data includes the geographical location information of building (such as:Street Road, number), as-built information (such as:Build, design, construction, supervisor's title and timing node), building structure information (such as:Building storey, roof style, exterior wall surface decorative material, basis and upper structure type etc.), use information (such as:Owner, User, manager), history repair transformation information (such as:Extra floor building, enlarging and using function change etc. information), detection mirror Determine information (such as:All previous construction quality detection, census information, and build the fault of construction found during use, damage letter Breath).
Client includes display device.The display device can be mobile phone display screen, or other smart machine display screens.
Technical scheme also includes, and a kind of application method of building safety monitoring system, it is used as previously described Building safety monitoring system, it is characterised in that:Data in the database are analyzed by demand data to obtain.
Further, the demand data analysis includes two big steps:Fundamental Geographic Information Data demand analysis, professional number According to demand analysis.
The Fundamental Geographic Information Data demand analysis includes following content:
1) basal relief map:The topographic map in monitoring city scope can be provided, the town in main city zone and scope is 1: 1000 engineer's scales, other rural areas are 1:2000 topographic maps.Revision of topographic map mode is 1:2000 update once for every 2 years, 1:1000 topographic maps update once every year, while acceptance survey achievement real-time update is into topographic map.The data are by monitoring city Geographic information public service platform obtains online.
2) GIS frame datas:Including building, road, water system, boundary, landforms, vegetation, various annotations and some category Property information etc., to as the sterically defined carrier of various thematic informations.This partial data can separately be bought.
The expert data demand analysis includes following content:
1) outline information is built:Spatial entities are generated on the basis of outline coordinate is built, can be area pattern, It can be Linear element.Main management object entity as system.
2) building control zone information is protected:Spatial entities are generated on the basis of area coordinate is controlled, can be that planar will Element or Linear element.
3) urban construction relevant information:Including the municipal works information such as urban planning data, urban pipe network.
4) digital information is built:Including title and other caption informations;Design drawing, structural drawings, construction drawing Paper etc. drawing and picture files;Written historical materials;Digital photograph etc..
5) information is supported in early warning:Including early warning mark, warning level, design life, repairerment cycle, ectocine etc. Data, to support building safety early warning system function.
6) lifecycle management information:Including design-build data, final acceptance of construction data, the data that is delivered for use, use Managerial data, scrap dismounting data etc..
Present invention additionally comprises a kind of building safety identification systems, building safety monitoring system passes through private communication unit and room Room secure authentication system establishes contact.Building safety identification systems include community service station, community's collection terminal, data storage, Expert end, private subscribers end.
A kind of community's collection terminal of building safety identification systems, community's collection terminal include base, data processing centre with leading to Believe unit, electrical tilt instrument, strain gauge, vibration sensor, orientation sensing support frame, optical fiber, connecting line.
By above-mentioned technical scheme, the information system management centralized and unified to building safety information is realized, avoids and tackles Accident, the level of building safety management is improved, the information technology that use is advanced, reliable, applicable, lifts building safety management Science and fineness, improve the instantaneity and efficiency of safety management.
Brief description of the drawings
In order to illustrate more clearly about the embodiment of the present invention or technical scheme of the prior art, below will be to embodiment or existing There is the required accompanying drawing used in technology description to be briefly described, it should be apparent that, drawings in the following description are only this Some embodiments of invention, for those of ordinary skill in the art, on the premise of not paying creative work, can be with Other accompanying drawings are obtained according to these accompanying drawings.
Fig. 1 is a kind of agent structure schematic diagram of building safety monitoring system of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is that safe early warning-foundation pit construction of the present invention selectes the demonstration graph of foundation ditch scope.
Fig. 3 is the demonstration graph of safe early warning-security of foundation ditch construction Early-warning Model analysis of the present invention.
Fig. 4 is the demonstration graph of safe early warning-foundation pit construction building safety early warning generation of the present invention.
Fig. 5 is the demonstration graph that warning information summary table is checked under the safe early warning menu of the present invention.
Fig. 6 is the demonstration graph that specific warning information is checked under the safe early warning menu of the present invention.
Fig. 7 is warning information pop-up box demonstration graph under safe early warning-foundation pit construction menu of the invention.
Fig. 8 is the demonstration graph of the safe early warning management of the present invention.
Fig. 9 is the demonstration graph of the safe early warning information issue of the present invention.
Figure 10 is the demonstration graph of the safe early warning information reporting of the present invention.
Figure 11 is the demonstration graph of the safe early warning feedback of the information of the present invention.
Figure 12 is the demonstration graph of whole buildings-small towns street (block diagram) of the safe early warning Information Statistics of the present invention.
Figure 13 is the demonstration graph of whole buildings-early warning type (cake chart) of the safe early warning Information Statistics of the present invention.
Figure 14 is the demonstration graph of apartment-date of built (line chart) of the safe early warning Information Statistics of the present invention.
Figure 15 is the spatial index schematic diagram of mechanism of the present invention.
Figure 16 is the con current control and the schematic diagram of management of the editor of the present invention.
Figure 17 is the demonstration graph of the client building essential information multiple spot inquiry of the present invention.
Figure 18 is the demonstration graph of the automatic inquiry and calculating of the client building safety warning information of the present invention.
Figure 19 is the agent structure schematic diagram of the building safety identification systems of the present invention.
Figure 20 is the composition schematic diagram of community's collection terminal of the building safety identification systems of the present invention.
Figure 21 is the understructure schematic diagram of community's collection terminal of the present invention.
Figure 22 is the base schematic layout pattern of the present invention.
Figure 23 is the adjusting rod structural representation of the present invention.
Figure 24 is community's collection terminal schematic view of the mounting position of the present invention.
Reference:A kind of building safety monitoring system --- -1, interface subsystem --- -2, data share exchange connects Mouthful --- -21, Map Services interface --- -22, system expansion interface --- -23, data base management subsystem --- -3, safe early warning Subsystem --- -4, time super-limit prewarning module --- -41, adjacent construction infection warning module --- -42, artificial destruction early warning mould Block --- -43, aging warning module --- -44, force majeure warning module --- -45, memory --- -5, client --- -6, dimension Protect port --- -7, inquiry and analysis port --- -8, community's collection terminal --- -9, base --- -91, fix bar --- -911, regulation Bar --- -912,913, support flat board --- -914, data processing centre and communication unit --- -92, electrical tilt instrument --- -93, Strain gauge --- -94, foil gauge --- -941,942, vibration sensor --- -95, orientation sensing support frame --- -96, positioning signal Receiver --- -961, anemometry instrument --- -962, Smoke Sensor --- -963, optical fiber --- -97, connecting line --- -98, room Room secure authentication system --- -10, community service station --- -101, data storage --- -102, expert end --- -103, special use Family end --- -104, installation site --- -111,112,113,114.
Embodiment
Hereinafter with reference to accompanying drawing, system and its method of work provided by the invention are described in detail by way of example. Herein it should be noted that being used to help understand the present invention for the explanation of these way of example, but do not form to this hair Bright restriction.
The terms "and/or", only a kind of incidence relation for describing affiliated partner, expression may have three kinds of passes System, for example, A and/or B, can be represented:Individualism A, individualism B, while tri- kinds of situations of A and B, the terms be present "/and " it is another affiliated partner relation of description, expression may have two kinds of relations, for example, A/ and B, can be represented:Individually deposit In A, two kinds of situations of individualism A and B, in addition, character "/" herein, it is that a kind of "or" is closed to typically represent forward-backward correlation object System.
Embodiment one
The present embodiment mainly introduces a kind of agent structure of building safety monitoring system of the present invention.
As shown in Figure 1, a kind of building safety monitoring system (1), it is characterised in that:Including interface subsystem (2), data Library management subsystem (3), safe early warning subsystem (4), memory (5), and client (6), maintenance port (7), inquiry with Analysis port (8).
The interface subsystem (2), including the extension of data share exchange interface (21), Map Services interface (22), system Interface (23).
The data share exchange interface (21), it is that each submodule of whole system realizes integrated crucial and basic.Number Data format and its access technique can be shielded according to interface management, when database format changes, only needs docking port management level Do corresponding change.It is connected with data base management subsystem in a flexible way, by connection management data, is carried for next layer For basic data organizational form, to meet the processing of all kinds of input datas and space querying (layering retrieval, retrieval by window, area Domain retrieval, conditional information retrieval, spatial relationship retrieval etc.).
Data share exchange interface (21) includes data share exchange interface administration module, and it is that the system is related to other Unified, standard, reliable interface function is provided between application system and business datum, for based on kinds of platform, using a variety of The types of applications systems with data that programming language is realized exchanges and shared common application interface module.
By providing unified and standard data-interface and Data Share System, both effectively ensure system data safety, again It ensure that between system and internal system data freely transmitted.The building safety monitoring system supports the GIS platform of pop A variety of data formats (SHP, MIF, VPF, RPF, DTED, ETOPO, ORACLE SPATIAL DATA, NEXRAD) directly read Take, it is not necessary to change.Meanwhile data exchange can be carried out with Internet map server (SICAD).
The data base management subsystem, for being managed to all types of data resource of each stage.
The Map Services interface (22), for providing the Web service interface set of general GIS functions, opens for secondary Hair uses.User can be under the support of these interfaces, and integrated map is browsed in the operation system of oneself, spatial interaction is looked into A variety of GIS functions such as inquiry, point of interest inquiry, perimeter query, specific analysis.The realization of these functions due to interface encapsulation, use Family can not have to consider the management of data and the detail that function is realized, directly obtain the end product of oneself needs, this Sample user can concentrate on main attention the exploitation of operation system rather than the realization of GIS concrete functions, so as to effectively reduce system The cost and complexity of system exploitation.
The system expansion interface (23), for realizing the interface service between other management systems.Such as by with room Production operation system establishes interface, obtains house management information.
Alternatively, technical scheme can also be as follows:
A kind of building safety monitoring system (1), it is characterised in that:Including central server (11), regional service station (12), Data acquisition end (13), interface subsystem (2), memory (5), and client (6).
The building safety monitoring system also includes data base management subsystem (3), safe early warning subsystem (4), safeguarded Port (7), inquiry and analysis port (8).
Regional service station includes display unit, communication unit, analysis and monitoring unit, computer, and data acquisition end includes Strain acquirement end, vibrations collection terminal, IMAQ end;The strain acquirement end includes communication unit, miniature data processor, answered Become piece, optical fiber, position coder, power supply unit, alarm, connecting line;The vibrations collection terminal includes communication unit, miniature number According to processor, Vibration induction piece, position coder, power supply unit, alarm, connecting line;Described image collection terminal includes communication Unit, miniature data processor, image acquisition device, position coder, power supply unit, alarm, connecting line;Central server with Connection is established at multiple regional service stations, and each monitoring point foundation of regional service station and neighboring area connects, and monitoring point is according to prison If survey the data acquisition end for needing to install dry type.
Central server is the core apparatus of building safety monitoring system, and control and processing, region are provided for whole system Service station receives the control of central server, and establishes and communicate with local Various types of data collection terminal, anti-to central server Present data.Data acquisition end will gather and the data of preliminary treatment are sent to regional service station.The analysis at regional service station and prison Control unit is used for the data for analyzing and monitoring obvious exception, and sends feedback and alarm signal, the alarm signal driving data are adopted Collect the alarm at end.More phase data analyses such as the long-term tendency for data, rigorous analysis, are carried out by central server. The display unit at regional service station carries out that data are shown, abnormal show, alarm indication, central server feedback information are shown, with And the display such as regional service station working condition.The communication unit at regional service station can be the radio communication dress of wireless network card etc Put, the connection with central server, data acquisition end is established by radio communication device, or even by network.In a monitoring Position, multiple data acquisition ends can be installed, the data that each monitoring position is installed according to monitoring needs and position characteristics are adopted It can be able to be one or more of strain acquirement end, vibrations collection terminal, IMAQ end etc. with polytype to collect end. The strain of strain acquirement end collection monitoring position, mainly stress, deformation monitoring.Collection terminal is shaken to be used to gather vibrations sensitive spot Shock conditions.Image acquisition device is used for the image information for gathering monitoring position, and more issues evidences can be used for research and application position Slight change, single issue is according to can monitor naked light, smog, abnormal situations such as swarming into, collapsing.
For unique variable position encoded to monitor, coding information comprises at least the position coder:Uniquely Coding, coordinate information, location expression, monitoring project, corresponding regional service station, attendant.
Embodiment two
The present embodiment is carried out on the basis of previous embodiment 1, the main safe early warning subsystem for introducing the present invention.
A kind of building safety monitoring system (1), including safe early warning subsystem (4), the safe early warning subsystem (4), Including at least five modules:
Module one:Time super-limit prewarning module (41).Early warning content includes:Super design life, super detection cycle, surpass Repair cycle, super glass curtain wall detection cycle etc..
Module two:Adjacent construction infection warning module (42).Early warning content includes:Subway work, city planting ductwork construction, base Hole construction etc..
Module three:Artificial destruction warning module (43).Early warning content includes:Destructiveness finishing and transformation.
Module four:Aging warning module (44).Early warning content includes:The facilities and equipment aging such as elevator, fire-fighting, water pump, material Expect aging.
Module five:Force majeure warning module (45).Early warning content includes:Earthquake, typhoon, fire, blast etc..
The module three, four, five needs to trigger warning message under conditions of manual intervention.
The safe early warning subsystem, including Early-warning Model.
Influence building safety situation factor it is more, including structural bearing capacity, facilities and equipment, peopleware, use environment, Usage history etc..Make safe condition accurate early warning of the system to building, it is necessary to establish rational Early-warning Model.
For by construction infection or other buildings that potential safety hazard be present etc., system is highlighted its accurate position on map Put, and be furnished with warning index, different degrees of grade classification is carried out to various early warning, while alarm early warning and specially can be carried out Topic drawing.Safe early warning is carried out with the multiple effect that both pictures and texts are excellent and is furnished with sound.
A kind of application method of building safety monitoring system, it is characterised in that comprise the following steps:
1. establish building safety early warning types of database.
Building safety early warning type includes in the database:
(1) time transfinites caused early warning, specifically includes:Super design life, super detection cycle, super repairerment week Phase, super glass curtain wall detection cycle;
(2) early warning caused by adjacent construction infection, is specifically included:Subway work, city planting ductwork construction, foundation pit construction;
(3) the building safety alarm that house secondary disaster caused by artificial destruction or force majeure factor is triggered, it is this kind of The implementation of alarm in systems is similar to preceding two classes early warning, but needs to trigger warning message under conditions of manual intervention, Including:Destructiveness finishing and transformation, elevator, fire-fighting, water pump facilities and equipment aging, material aging, earthquake, typhoon, fire are quick-fried It is fried.
2. establish building safety early warning level.
Safe early warning mode is:
(1) corresponding four basic parameters of each early warning type:(early warning type is in outlet terminal is shown early warning mark Hold), early warning threshold values (early warning critical value at different levels), up-regulation warning level threshold values (being adjusted to higher one-level early warning critical value on automatic), Release early warning threshold values (automatically terminating related early warning critical value).
(2) warning level is divided into four grades from low to high, respectively with blueness, yellow, it is orange, red be identified, Wherein red early warning is highest warning level, i.e. building safety problem most serious, should organize the side of researching and solving of relevant departments immediately Case is speedily carried out rescue work immediately.
(3) after a certain parameter in house reaches early warning threshold values, corresponded in map corresponding to the highlighted prompting warning level of premises Color, various early warning are carried out with different degrees of grade classification, and reacted in database, make thematic maps.Occur simultaneously During multinomial warning information, highest level warning information is prompted.
(4) manager is after corresponding measure (detection, repair etc.) is taken after learning warning information, and obtaining can after relevant feedback Raise, lower or release early warning manually into system.
Early warning mark and threshold values per a kind of early warning are respectively:
(1) super design life;
Early warning identifies:Building active time transfinites;
Early warning threshold values:Reach the respective design time limit;
(2) super detection cycle;
Early warning identifies:Detection cycle transfinites;
Early warning threshold values:Building exceedes detection cycle after reaching design life;
(3) surpass and repair the cycle;
Early warning identifies:Repairing the cycle transfinites;
Early warning threshold values:Building is not up to design life;
(4) super glass curtain wall detection cycle;
Early warning identifies:Detection cycle transfinites;
Release early warning threshold values:After detection;
(5) foundation pit construction, subway work, city planting ductwork construction and pile foundation construction near influence;
Early warning identifies:Foundation pit construction, subway work, city planting ductwork construction and pile foundation construction influence;
Early warning threshold values:It is manually entered after excavating scope and depth, build is influenceed by adjacent engineering construction;
The safe early warning subsystem provides custom field, administrative division, street small towns, clicks building, fills in coordinate Determine that scope various ways determine the scope of near influence, different choice type provides corresponding actual conditions.
Exemplified by drawing polygon and determine scope, polygon scope is selected in map upper ledge as shown in Figure 2.Accompanying drawing 2 is peace Full early warning-foundation pit construction (selected foundation ditch scope).After filling in the depth of foundation pit construction in " depth " input frame, system is counted automatically The asd number that the foundation pit construction is influenceed is calculated, and impacted building is listed in list on the right side of pop-up window, is pressed simultaneously According to defined in early warning rule warning level and the relation between construction depth on map as corresponding to different warning levels Color draw buffering area, the concrete condition of the early warning is more directly observed for user.
As shown in Figure 3, it is safe early warning-foundation pit construction (safe early warning model analysis).
As shown in Figure 4, it is safe early warning-foundation pit construction (building safety early warning generation).
(6) destructive decoration renovation, material aging, facilities and equipment aging, earthquake, fire, blast, severe snow, heavy rain, platform Wind.Human-computer interaction, or manually input mode, trigger alarm.
3. establish building safety early warning or alarm method.
Scientific and rational Early-warning Model not only needs the support of lot of experiments and practical data, and to have certain Legal basis, while also can with society and expanding economy constantly update.For example, super building detection cycle or repairerment cycle Early warning it needs to be determined that house detection cycle, repair the cycle;Early-warning Model caused by adjacent Effects on Engineering except with engineering The distance dependent of cutting depth, house and construction border, it is also relevant with the depth of foundation in house and structure type etc..The system pair Early-warning Model is not furtherd investigate, and only on the basis of early warning rule is simplified, system is designed and realized.
The early warning of each early warning type or alarm method are as follows in building safety information system:
(1) " super design life ", method for early warning;
Architectural design service life is 50 years.Method for early warning:Service life is built more than 50 years, then blue early warning;Afterwards Often increase by 2 years and then raise a warning grade, during which once confirming building no problem, then early warning by any legal reasonable approach Release.
(2) " super detection cycle ", method for early warning;
Service life is built within 20 years, then 10 years are a detection cycle, are blue early warning if not detecting, often Do not detected also every 4 years, then raise a warning grade;
Service life is built between 20 years to 30 years, then 8 years are a detection cycle, pre- for blueness if not detecting It is alert, do not detected also every 3 years, then raise a warning grade;
Service life is built between 30 years to 40 years, then 6 years are a detection cycle, pre- for blueness if not detecting It is alert, do not detected also every 2 years, then raise a warning grade;
Service life is built more than 40 years, then 5 years are a detection cycle, are blue early warning if not detecting, often Do not detected also every 1 year, then raise a warning grade.
Release early warning threshold values:Building is carried out after accordingly detecting.
(3) " super to repair the cycle ", method for early warning;
Service life is built within 30 years, then 10 years are a repairerment cycle, are blue early warning if not repairing, often Do not repaired also every 4 years, then raise a warning grade;
Service life is built between 30 years to 40 years, then 6 years are a repairerment cycle, pre- for blueness if not repairing It is alert, do not repaired also every 3 years, then raise a warning grade;
Service life is built between 40 years to 50 years, then 5 years are a repairerment cycle, pre- for blueness if not repairing It is alert, do not repaired also every 2 years, then raise a warning grade;
Service life is built more than 50 years, then 3 years are a repairerment cycle, are blue early warning if not repairing, often Do not repaired also every 1 year, then raise a warning grade.
Release early warning threshold values:Building is carried out after accordingly repairing.
(4) " super glass curtain wall detection cycle ", method for early warning;
After Glass Curtain Wall Projects final acceptance of construction 1 year, once checked within every 5 years, be blue early warning if not checking, often It is also unchecked every 2 years, raise a warning grade;
Glass Curtain Wall Projects, which are delivered for use, reaches 10 years, is once checked within every 3 years, pre- for blueness if not checking It is alert, it is also unchecked every 1 year, raise a warning grade;
To the glass curtain wall for continuing to use more than design life (25 years), once checked every year, if not doing Inspection is then blue early warning, also unchecked every 0.5 year, raises a warning grade.
Release early warning threshold values:After carrying out corresponding glass curtain wall detection or repairing.
(5) " foundation pit construction ", " subway work ", " city planting ductwork construction " and " pile foundation construction ", method for early warning;
Blue early warning:Building, at a distance of 1.5 times to 2 times construction depths, is blue early warning with construction border;
Yellow early warning:Building, at a distance of 1 times to 1.5 times construction depth, is yellow early warning with construction border;
Orange warning:Building, at a distance of 0.5 times to 1 times construction depth, is orange warning with construction border;
Red early warning:Building is red early warning in 0.5 times of construction depth with construction border.
Raise warning level threshold values:Any measure is not taken within 2 weeks after early warning.
Release early warning threshold values:Building accordingly detect or reinforce.
(6) " earthquake " method for early warning;
4 grades of the alarm of earthquake point, alarm is triggered after being manually entered earthquake effect scope and earthquake intensity:
Blue alarm:Earthquake intensity with building seismic fortification intensity difference at 1 degree and within;
Warning yellow:The seismic fortification intensity difference of earthquake intensity and building is at 1 degree to 2 degree;
Amber Alert:The seismic fortification intensity difference of earthquake intensity and building is at 2 degree to 3 degree;
Warning red:Earthquake intensity with building seismic fortification intensity difference at 3 degree and more than.
Release alarming threshold value:Released manually after taking measures on customs clearance.
(7) " fire " and " blast " method for early warning;
Fire and blast only have an alert levels, that is, after being manually entered scope, in the range of involved building be red Alarm.
Release alarming threshold value:Released manually after taking measures on customs clearance.
(8) " severe snow " method for early warning;
The building safety that severe snow, heavy rain, typhoon are triggered is alarmed except relevant with the intensity of snowfall, rainfall and typhoon Outside, it is also relevant with the factor such as the structure of architecture noumenon, it is therefore desirable on the basis of simplified alarm rule, then to pass through manual intervention Mode, warning message is modified.
Blue alarm:Snowfall will be up to more than 4 millimeters in 12 hours, or continue up to more than 4 millimeters and snowfall;
Warning yellow:Snowfall will be up to more than 6 millimeters in 12 hours, or continue up to more than 6 millimeters and snowfall;
Amber Alert:Snowfall will be up to more than 10 millimeters in 6 hours, or continue up to more than 10 millimeters and snowfall;
Warning red:Snowfall will be up to more than 15 millimeters in 6 hours, or continue up to more than 15 millimeters and snowfall.
Release alarming threshold value:Released manually after taking measures on customs clearance.
(9) " heavy rain " method for early warning;
Blue alarm:Rainfall will be up to more than 50 millimeters in 12 hours, or may be held up to more than 50 millimeters and rainfall It is continuous;
Warning yellow:Rainfall will be up to more than 50 millimeters in 6 hours, or may be held up to more than 50 millimeters and rainfall It is continuous;
Amber Alert:Rainfall will be up to more than 50 millimeters in 3 hours, or may be held up to more than 50 millimeters and rainfall It is continuous;
Warning red:Rainfall will be up to more than 100 millimeters in 3 hours, or may be held up to more than 100 millimeters and rainfall It is continuous.
Release alarming threshold value:Released manually after taking measures on customs clearance.
(10) " typhoon " method for early warning;
Blue alarm:In 24 hours may or by tropical cyclones influence, coastal or land average wind is up to 6 grades More than, or more than 8 grades of fitful wind and may continue;
Warning yellow:In 24 hours may or by tropical cyclones influence, coastal or land average wind is up to 8 grades More than, or more than 10 grades of fitful wind and may continue;
Amber Alert:In 12 hours may or by tropical cyclones influence, coastal or land average wind is up to 10 More than level, or more than 12 grades of fitful wind and it may continue;
Warning red:In 6 hours may or by tropical cyclones influence, coastal or land average wind is up to 12 grades More than, or fitful wind up to more than 14 grades and may continue.
Release alarming threshold value:Released manually after taking measures on customs clearance.
(11) " destructive decoration renovation ", " material aging ", " facilities and equipment aging " and " other " method for early warning;
Manually alarm, voluntarily judged by entry personnel, give alarm level.Alarm level also divides blue (general), Huang (heavier), orange (serious), red (especially severe) level Four.
Release alarming threshold value:Released manually after taking measures on customs clearance.
Embodiment three
The present embodiment is carried out on the basis of previous embodiment 2, the main building safety monitoring system for introducing the present invention The application method of system, it is characterised in that also including step 4:Export warning information summary table;
More detailed warning information is checked for ease of user, user can check that warning information is total by clicking on System menu Table.
As shown in Figure 5, all building warning information are shown in early warning summary table, by selecting early warning type, can be inquired about Whole early warning of correlation type, double-click wall scroll warning information can navigate to the building corresponding to this early warning, and check that generation is pre- The details and warning information of alert building.
Warning information list is i.e. currently by the list of warning information, including sequence number, building title, construction site, content carry Will, the time, safety problem etc., finally provide the details link of the warning information, in that context it may be convenient to check particular content.
Warning information in list and monitoring statisticss window, geographic distribution it is synchronous for renewal in 15 seconds once.
Wall scroll warning information is double-clicked, the building corresponding to the early warning can be navigated to, and checks all early warning letters of the building Breath, and the count down information away from the next automatic early-warning time.
Detailed warning information is checked as shown in Figure 6.
In the method for early warning, include early warning priority assignation step before output warning information:
In warning information issue, only corresponding department and responsible person just have the right to issue specific warning information, And different grades of early warning also has corresponding jurisdictions mandate.Therefore, it is necessary to set the access right of warning function.Priority assignation Using two-dimentional control of authority, including level-right control and project control of authority, to ensure the security of early warning, legitimacy.
Wherein, warning information management process is also included before exporting warning information:
Early warning category classification management is pressed to warning information.
As shown in Figure 7, by taking foundation pit construction as an example, " foundation pit construction " button under " safe early warning " menu, i.e. bullet are clicked on Go out foundation pit construction early warning dialog box, while foundation pit construction warning information is only shown on map.
By double-clicking certain warning information, the detailed content of the early warning can be shown.And can by the selection of drop-down list, Up-regulation warning level is carried out, warning level is lowered, releases the operation such as early warning, or deletes certain warning information, detailed early warning letter Breath is checked as shown in Figure 8:
Meanwhile related accessories can be also uploaded, it is easy to manage in the future and information is passed on.
Example IV
The present embodiment is carried out on the basis of previous embodiment 2-3 any one or any combinations, main to introduce The application method of the building safety monitoring system of the present invention, it is characterised in that also including step:Warning information is issued.
Warning information issue is carried out by such a way:
(1) window early warning is monitored;In the monitoring information statistical chart of system monitoring window, diagram in different colors carries Show warning information.
(2) map highlights early warning;Monitoring statisticss window and GIS map distribution map simultaneous display monitoring information, therefore supervising , will be in corresponding prewarning area with corresponding early warning in the GIS map of system while controlling window appearance a certain rank pre-warning signal The raised mode of color is alarmed.
(3) announcement board issue early warning;The warning information issued in announcement board.
During operation, selection needs to issue the building of early warning, is sent out if needing issue bulletin then to be checked in announcement board The warning information of cloth.It is selected need issue early warning building shown according to color corresponding to different warning levels, as shown in Figure 15.
Embodiment five
The present embodiment is carried out on the basis of previous embodiment 2-4 any one or any combinations, main to introduce The application method of the building safety monitoring system of the present invention, it is characterised in that also including step:Warning information reports.
All warning information not reported are listed in information reporting list, can select to need the warning information reported, System provides the warning information temporally screened and do not reported, and warning information reports as shown in Figure 10.
Further, in addition to step:Warning information is fed back.
All warning information for having reported and not fed back are listed in feedback of the information list, system offer is temporally screened not anti- It the warning information of feedback, may be selected to check the details of every early warning, required feedback inputted in " feedback information " input frame Content, and feedback of the information is carried out to this warning information, warning information is fed back as shown in Figure 11:
Further, in addition to step:Warning information is inquired about.
The warning information inquiry includes two ways:
(1) thematic map is inquired about
Monitoring objective map distribution window is the interface of all monitoring objective Overlapping display distribution situations, per class building safety The position of problem is identified problematic icon.User will such as check the distribution situation built by early warning, need to only look in the window Icon and click to early warning building, the icon that such all position of building safety problem is identified is then while highlighted flicker is aobvious Show, mouse is placed in highlighted place, and system flight prompting building safety informative abstract occurs, is easy to user further to check.
(2) list query
More detailed warning information is checked for ease of user, user can check that warning information is total by clicking on System menu Table.Warning information list i.e. currently by the list of warning information, including sequence number, building title, construction site, synopsis, when Between, safety problem etc., finally provide the details link of the warning information, in that context it may be convenient to check particular content.
Further, in addition to step:Safe early warning Information Statistics.
The condition such as date set according to user or a certain specific region, count building for the period or the region Build early warning situation.
System carries out statistical analysis for substantial amounts of building related data, according to construction age, building type, ownership The conditions such as matter, structure type, the number of plies, region plot, damage grade, early warning type, warning level carry out classification intersection to building Statistics, according to the form of Uniform provisions, statistical report form is generated, and provide a variety of displayings such as cake chart, block diagram, line chart Mode, all data being related in statistics are listed file names with, and its details can be checked.System supports the defeated of statistical report form simultaneously Go out the functions such as printing.
Statistical graph is a kind of result displaying of statistical analysis.The method of statistical data analysis can be generally divided into description system Meter and the major class of inferential statistics two.Descriptive statistics is the statistical method of data collection, processing and description, and its content is included such as What obtains the data required for research, how data to be handled and shown with diagrammatic form, how by the comprehensive of data Close, summarize and analyze, draw data characteristics of concern.Inferential statistics are then to study how using sample data to infer totality The statistical method of feature, content include parameter Estimation and the major class of hypothesis testing two.
The data direct sources of statistics are initial data, i.e., the statistics of all kinds of survey collections, and are counted indirectly According to --- secondary data then refers to collect and arrange obtained statistics by other modes.
The statistics of required displaying is first designed into form according to the actual requirements, then being indicated in form needs to converge Total or analysis data target, finally the data according to present in system carry out collecting filling, the specific statistics required for drawing Classification information, generate statistical graph.
(1) attribute data counts
According to the logical condition set to attribute, information is counted.
Parameter such as by setting is as detected, repairing, transforming and counted by certain time limit (year, season, monthly).
(2) spatial information counts
Spatial statisticses can be carried out by region, by modes such as any ranges to any object.
Such as a certain administrative division region specified in the graphic, the asd number in the region etc. is counted.
(3) query composition counts
Spatial choice and attribute conditions selection can be combined, information element is inquired about and counted.
User can also accomplish that a key produces result to conventional inquiry, statistics application and Report Customization dedicated menu.Entirely Portion's residential housing-small towns street (block diagram) is as shown in Figure 12.Whole residential housings-early warning type (cake chart) such as accompanying drawing 13 Shown, the substantially intact apartment-date of built (line chart) in Minxing District is as shown in Figure 14.
Embodiment six
The present embodiment is carried out on the basis of previous embodiment 1-5 any one or any combinations, main to introduce The rapid data retrieval of building safety monitoring system and its application method of the present invention and management mode.
1. to improve the acquisition performance of spatial data, building safety monitoring system employs spatial index mechanism, that is, passed through The bidimensional index of one whole factor kind of covering, according to grid scope divides key element and extracted, avoid once extracting More data, so as to improve the performance of data acquisition.As shown in Figure 15.
2. the real-time and security of data, it is the important indicator for weighing system background performance.Traditional two-phase lock is not It is adapted to multi-user to edit the request of data simultaneously.
Con current control and management of the building safety monitoring system using editor, operation can be updated simultaneously in multiple users When, protect the integrality of database.
The con current control of editor is with managing as shown in Figure 16.
3. the figure layer data of building safety monitoring system employ Object Relational Model and are managed, figure and attribute unlike The same separate management of traditional GIS, but integrated in database in a manner of record, it is being related to figure and attribute In function, operational efficiency is improved.
Embodiment seven
The present embodiment is carried out on the basis of previous embodiment 1-6 any one or any combinations, main to introduce The client of building safety monitoring system and its application method of the present invention.
Building safety monitoring system also configures a set of and computer end real-time, interactive client, the client in addition to computer end End can be smart mobile phone or special equipment.By taking Android system as an example, system is using reusable and replaceable component portion Point relations of the Application Framework between each software of equality, using comprising a self-defined 2D shape library and being based on The Optimized Graphics that the 3D of the standards of OpenGL ES 1.0 is realized reserve demand and expanded space, using Rich The complete developing instrument collection of Development Environment, is easy to the later stage to track, debugging, internal memory detection and performance test.System System supports a variety of audios, video and various picture formats, supports Flash, App2sd functions, and other Web application API interfaces Exploitation.
Building safety monitoring system is developed on Android platform, realizes the building safety management in client.System Beta versions of uniting mobile phone terminal is at this stage in addition to universal map function is realized, there is provided building essential information multiple spot, multistage point inquiry (visitor The building essential information multiple spot inquiry of family end, as shown in Figure 17), the automatic inquiry of building safety warning information with calculate (including The drafting of arbitrary polygon foundation ditch, the self-defined of foundation depth and different brackets buffering area automatically generate, client building The automatic inquiry of safe early warning information is with calculating as shown in Figure 18), the issue of warning information, and the real-time letter with computer end Breath interaction etc..Client support a variety of audios, video and picture format (MPEG4, H.264, MP3, AAC, AMR, JPG, PNG, GIF etc.), support Flash, App2sd functions, and the exploitation of other Web applications api interfaces.
Embodiment eight
The present embodiment is carried out on the basis of previous embodiment 1-7 any one or any combinations, the present embodiment The main agent structure for introducing the supporting building safety identification systems of the present invention.
As shown in Figure 19, a kind of building safety identification systems 10, including community service station 101, community's collection terminal 9, number The private communication contacted is established according to memory 102, expert end 103, private subscribers end 104, and with building safety monitoring system Unit.
The building safety identification systems gather whole province, whole city, whole community of whole area ... (pickup area according to Be actually needed determination) under all houseclearing.Community sets up community service station, to the information of all community's collection terminals under community It is collected, the information deposit data storage of collection forms database.Database includes the data of community's collection terminal collection, Also the data in building safety monitoring system in data base management subsystem are included.The data storage of building safety identification systems Established and contacted with building safety monitoring system by communication unit, according in certain Rule building safety monitoring system Data, the data are used to identify building safety including but not limited to house surveying and mapping data periodically or non-periodically monitors number According to, and the Various types of data information of building safety may be had influence on premises perimeter engineering construction, meteorology etc..
The data that each community's collection terminal 9 gathers are transferred to community service station 101, community service station by communication unit 101 will send to building safety identification systems 10 in the data set for each community's collection terminal 9 administered, and are stored in data and deposit In reservoir 102.Community's collection terminal 9, community service station 101 carry storage device, for interim storage data.
The expert end uses for expert (professional and technical personnel), and expert reflects by its professional knowledge to building safety It is fixed.Certified variety for having been able to realize computer automatic decision, realized automatically by computer (such as computer program), Manual intervention is carried out if necessary.
The private subscribers end 104 is the supporting special electronic equipment of building safety identification systems 10, and building safety is identified System 10 sends information to community service station 101, and community service station 101 will send information to special in the range of certain distance With user terminal 104.The private subscribers end 104 can personal wearable device or for family or office collective use Wall-mounted, vertical equipment.
Community's collection terminal is using conventional design, or uses special design.
Embodiment nine
The present embodiment is carried out on the basis of previous embodiment 8, main to introduce the supporting building safety mirror of the present invention Determine community's collection end structure of system.
Community's collection terminal is used for the data for gathering monitoring point in real time, or regularly gathers the data of monitoring point.Community Collection terminal is using conventional design, or uses special design.
As a kind of Specialty Design, community's collection terminal of the invention includes following structure:
As shown in Figure 20, a kind of community's collection terminal 9, including base 91, data processing centre and communication unit 92, electronics Dipmeter 93, strain gauge 94, vibration sensor 95, orientation sensing support frame 96, optical fiber 97, connecting line 98.
Multiple sensors, including positioning signal receiver 961, anemometry instrument are fixed on the orientation sensing support frame 96 962nd, Smoke Sensor 963.
Electrical tilt instrument 93, strain gauge 94, vibration sensor 95, positioning signal receiver 961, anemometry instrument 962, cigarette Mist sensor 963 is connected to data processing centre and communication unit 92 by connecting line 98, receives data processing centre with communicating The control of unit 92, and the data of collection are sent to data processing centre and communication unit 92.
As shown in Figure 21, it is the plan view of base 91, shows the space structure of base 91, the base 91 includes solid Fixed pole 911, adjusting rod (912,913), support flat board 914.
Further, described one end of fix bar 911 is fixedly attached to support flat board 914 (the two turns into an entirety), separately One end has tip, and position is monitored for being embedded to.The outer surface of fix bar 911 has screw thread, and the embedment for fastening monitors position.
Further, adjusting rod (912,913) both ends are respectively provided with tiny tips, and outer surface has screw thread, its one end and branch The screwed hole connection on flat board 914 is supportted, another end in contact monitors position (point) rigid location nearby.
Further, as shown in Figure 22, its be base 91 top view, the fix bar 911 and two adjusting rods (912,913) spatially form triangular structure.By adjusting the height of two adjusting rods (912,913), (its external screw thread exists The position of spinning in and out on support flat board) adjust the levelness of community's collection terminal (support flat board).The levelness passes through electricity Circular level(l)ing bubble on sub- dipmeter 93 indicates.The circular level(l)ing bubble prior calibration.
Further, as shown in Figure 23, its be adjusting rod (912,913) concrete structure schematic diagram.In adjusting rod Some through holes 915 of genesis analysis, insertion direction are the radial direction of adjusting rod, are specially interior hexagonal through hole 915, by interior angle Pass through the height of the i.e. adjustable adjusting rod of rotary spanner in spanner insertion through hole 915.
As shown in Figure 24, all kinds of collectors, including community's collection terminal 9, installation site such as Figure 111,112,113,114 Deng position, the deformation of these positions is obvious, is put for main weight-bearing position, the position that the disaster such as typhoon, fire alarm, earthquake easily has influence on.
Selected as one kind, fix bar 911, support flat board 914, inside orientation sensing support frame 96 be hollow structure. Positioning signal receiver 961, anemometry instrument 962, the connecting line of Smoke Sensor 963 are passed through inside orientation sensing support frame 96 Hollow cavity, be ultimately connected to data processing centre and communication unit 92.
The strain gauge 94 includes foil gauge (941,942), and some foil gauges are reticulated by optical fiber connection.Connection strain The connecting line of meter 94 through the hollow inside of fix bar 911, and then enters support flat board 914 by the tip of fix bar 911 Hollow inside, be ultimately connected to data processing centre and communication unit 92.
The electrical tilt instrument 93, the connecting line of vibration sensor 95 finally connect through the hollow inside of support flat board 914 It is connected to data processing centre and communication unit 92.
Embodiment ten
The present embodiment is carried out on the basis of previous embodiment 8 or 9, main to introduce the supporting building safety of the present invention The application method of identification systems.
A kind of foregoing application method of building safety identification systems, including the steps:
Step 1:Each community's collection terminal gives real-time data transmission to community service station according to pre-defined rule gathered data;
Step 2:The data of each community's collection terminal received are sent to room by community service station according to the form of setting Room secure authentication system, and it is stored in data storage;Building safety identification systems are supervised by private communication unit and building safety Examining system establishes contact, transfers the data in building safety monitoring system, and be stored in data storage;
Step 3:Professional and technical personnel, according to the data stored in data storage, is entered by expert end to building safety Row identification, and warning information is fed back to building safety identification systems, feed back warning information to building safety monitoring system if necessary;
Step 4:The warning information fed back according to expert end, building safety identification systems optionally decide whether to corresponding Community service station 101 sends information, and community service station 101 optionally decides whether to issue letter to the private subscribers end 104 of correlation Breath.
As described above, it can preferably realize the present invention.For a person skilled in the art, do not departing from the present invention's Principle and spirit in the case of these embodiments are changed, change, replace, integrating and modification still fall within the present invention protection In the range of.The part of specified otherwise or restriction is not carried out in the present invention, is implemented using prior art.

Claims (9)

  1. A kind of 1. building safety monitoring system, it is characterised in that:Including interface subsystem (2), data base management subsystem (3), Safe early warning subsystem (4), memory (5), and client (6), maintenance port (7), inquiry and analysis port (8).
  2. 2. building safety monitoring system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The interface subsystem (2), including number According to shared Fabric Interface (21), Map Services interface (22), system expansion interface (23);Data share exchange interface (21) includes Data share exchange interface administration module, its provided between the system and other related application systems and business datum it is unified, Standard, reliable interface function, the types of applications system to be realized based on kinds of platform, using a variety of programming languages provide number According to the common application interface module for exchanging and sharing;The data base management subsystem, for all types of data of each stage Resource is managed;The Map Services interface (22), for providing the Web service interface set of general GIS functions, for two Secondary exploitation uses;The system expansion interface (23), for realizing the interface service between other management systems.
  3. 3. building safety monitoring system according to claim 1 or 2, it is characterised in that:The safe early warning subsystem (4) Including at least five modules:
    Module one:Time super-limit prewarning module (41);Early warning content includes:Super design life, super detection cycle, super repairerment Cycle, super glass curtain wall detection cycle;
    Module two:Adjacent construction infection warning module (42);Early warning content includes:Subway work, city planting ductwork construction, foundation ditch are applied Work;
    Module three:Artificial destruction warning module (43);Early warning content includes:Destructiveness finishing and transformation;
    Module four:Aging warning module (44);Early warning content includes:Elevator, fire-fighting, the aging of water pump facilities and equipment and material are old Change;
    Module five:Force majeure warning module (45);Early warning content includes:Earthquake, heavy rain, severe snow, typhoon, fire, blast.
  4. 4. building safety monitoring system according to claim 3, it is characterised in that:The safe early warning subsystem, including Early-warning Model.
  5. A kind of 5. application method of the building safety monitoring system as described in claim 3 or 4, it is characterised in that:Including following step Suddenly:
    (1) building safety early warning types of database is established;Building safety early warning type includes in the database:
    (1.1) time transfinites caused early warning, including:Super design life, super detection cycle, super repairerment cycle, super glass Glass curtain wall detection cycle;
    (1.2) early warning caused by adjacent construction infection, including:Subway work, city planting ductwork construction, foundation pit construction;
    (1.3) the building safety alarm that house secondary disaster caused by artificial destruction or force majeure factor is triggered, including:It is broken Bad property is fitted up and transformation, elevator, fire-fighting, the aging of water pump facilities and equipment and material aging, earthquake, heavy rain, severe snow, typhoon, fire, Blast;
    (2) building safety early warning level is established;Safe early warning mode is:
    (2.1) corresponding four basic parameters of each early warning type:Early warning mark, early warning threshold values, up-regulation warning level threshold values, solution Except early warning threshold values;
    (2.2) warning level is divided into four grades from low to high, respectively with blueness, yellow, it is orange, red be identified, its Middle red early warning is highest warning level, i.e. building safety problem most serious, immediately relevant departments should be organized to research and solve scheme Or speedily carry out rescue work immediately;
    (2.3) after a certain parameter in house reaches early warning threshold values, face corresponding to the highlighted prompting warning level of premises is corresponded in map Color, various early warning are carried out with different degrees of grade classification, and reacted in database, make thematic maps;Occur simultaneously more During item warning information, highest level warning information is prompted;
    (2.4) manager is after learning that warning information takes corresponding measure, obtain can raising manually into system after relevant feedback, Lower or release early warning;
    Early warning mark and threshold values per a kind of early warning are respectively:
    (a) super design life;
    Early warning identifies:Building active time transfinites;
    Early warning threshold values:Reach the respective design time limit;
    (b) super detection cycle;
    Early warning identifies:Detection cycle transfinites;
    Early warning threshold values:Building exceedes detection cycle after reaching design life;
    (c) surpass and repair the cycle;
    Early warning identifies:Repairing the cycle transfinites;
    Early warning threshold values:Building is not up to design life;
    (d) super glass curtain wall detection cycle;
    Early warning identifies:Detection cycle transfinites;
    Release early warning threshold values:After detection;
    (e) foundation pit construction, subway work, city planting ductwork construction and pile foundation construction near influence;
    Early warning identifies:Foundation pit construction, subway work, city planting ductwork construction and pile foundation construction influence;
    Early warning threshold values:It is manually entered after excavating scope and depth, build is influenceed by adjacent engineering construction;
    The safe early warning subsystem provides custom field, administrative division, street small towns, clicks building, fills in coordinate and determine Scope various ways determine the scope of near influence, and different choice type provides corresponding actual conditions;
    (f) destructive decoration renovation, material aging, facilities and equipment aging, earthquake, fire, blast, severe snow, heavy rain, typhoon, people Machine is interactive, or manually input mode, triggers alarm;
    (3) building safety early warning or alarm method are established;The early warning of each early warning type or alarm side in building safety information system Method is as follows:
    (3.1) " super design life ", method for early warning;
    Architectural design service life is 50 years, method for early warning:Service life is built more than 50 years, then blue early warning;Often increase afterwards Add then raise a warning grade within 2 years, building no problem is once during which confirmed by any legal reasonable approach, then early warning solution Remove;
    (3.2) " super detection cycle ", method for early warning;
    Service life is built within 20 years, then 10 years are a detection cycle, are blue early warning if not detecting, every 4 Year is not detected also, then raises a warning grade;
    Service life is built between 20 years to 30 years, then 8 years are a detection cycle, are blue early warning if not detecting, Do not detected also every 3 years, then raise a warning grade;
    Service life is built between 30 years to 40 years, then 6 years are a detection cycle, are blue early warning if not detecting, Do not detected also every 2 years, then raise a warning grade;
    Service life is built more than 40 years, then 5 years are a detection cycle, are blue early warning if not detecting, every 1 year Do not detect also, then raise a warning grade;
    Release early warning threshold values:Building is carried out after accordingly detecting;
    (3.3) " super to repair the cycle ", method for early warning;
    Service life is built within 30 years, then 10 years are a repairerment cycle, are blue early warning if not repairing, every 4 Year does not repair also, then raises a warning grade;
    Service life is built between 30 years to 40 years, then 6 years are a repairerment cycle, are blue early warning if not repairing, Do not repaired also every 3 years, then raise a warning grade;
    Service life is built between 40 years to 50 years, then 5 years are a repairerment cycle, are blue early warning if not repairing, Do not repaired also every 2 years, then raise a warning grade;
    Service life is built more than 50 years, then 3 years are a repairerment cycle, are blue early warning if not repairing, every 1 year Do not repair also, then raise a warning grade;
    Release early warning threshold values:Building is carried out after accordingly repairing;
    (3.4) " super glass curtain wall detection cycle ", method for early warning;
    After Glass Curtain Wall Projects final acceptance of construction 1 year, once checked within every 5 years, be blue early warning if not checking, every 2 Year is also unchecked, raises a warning grade;
    Glass Curtain Wall Projects, which are delivered for use, reaches 10 years, is once checked within every 3 years, is blue early warning if not checking, often It is also unchecked every 1 year, raise a warning grade;
    To the glass curtain wall for continuing to for 25 years use more than design life, once checked every year, if not checking It is also unchecked every 0.5 year for blue early warning, raise a warning grade;
    Release early warning threshold values:After carrying out corresponding glass curtain wall detection or repairing;
    (3.5) " foundation pit construction ", " subway work ", " city planting ductwork construction " and " pile foundation construction ", method for early warning;
    Blue early warning:Building, at a distance of 1.5 times to 2 times construction depths, is blue early warning with construction border;
    Yellow early warning:Building, at a distance of 1 times to 1.5 times construction depth, is yellow early warning with construction border;
    Orange warning:Building, at a distance of 0.5 times to 1 times construction depth, is orange warning with construction border;
    Red early warning:Building is red early warning in 0.5 times of construction depth with construction border;
    Raise warning level threshold values:Any measure is not taken within 2 weeks after early warning;
    Release early warning threshold values:Building accordingly detect or reinforce;
    (3.6) " earthquake " method for early warning;
    4 grades of the alarm of earthquake point, alarm is triggered after being manually entered earthquake effect scope and earthquake intensity:
    Blue alarm:Earthquake intensity with building seismic fortification intensity difference at 1 degree and within;
    Warning yellow:The seismic fortification intensity difference of earthquake intensity and building is at 1 degree to 2 degree;
    Amber Alert:The seismic fortification intensity difference of earthquake intensity and building is at 2 degree to 3 degree;
    Warning red:Earthquake intensity with building seismic fortification intensity difference at 3 degree and more than;
    Release alarming threshold value:Released manually after taking measures on customs clearance;
    (3.7) " fire " and " blast " method for early warning;
    Fire and blast only have an alert levels, that is, after being manually entered scope, in the range of involved building be warning red;
    Release alarming threshold value:Released manually after taking measures on customs clearance;
    (3.8) " severe snow " method for early warning;
    The building safety that severe snow, heavy rain, typhoon are triggered is alarmed except having outside the Pass with the intensity of snowfall, rainfall and typhoon, It is also relevant with the factor such as the structure of architecture noumenon, it is therefore desirable on the basis of simplified alarm rule, then to pass through manual intervention Mode, warning message is modified;
    Blue alarm:Snowfall will be up to more than 4 millimeters in 12 hours, or continue up to more than 4 millimeters and snowfall;
    Warning yellow:Snowfall will be up to more than 6 millimeters in 12 hours, or continue up to more than 6 millimeters and snowfall;
    Amber Alert:Snowfall will be up to more than 10 millimeters in 6 hours, or continue up to more than 10 millimeters and snowfall;
    Warning red:Snowfall will be up to more than 15 millimeters in 6 hours, or continue up to more than 15 millimeters and snowfall;
    Release alarming threshold value:Released manually after taking measures on customs clearance;
    (3.9) " heavy rain " method for early warning;
    Blue alarm:Rainfall will be up to more than 50 millimeters in 12 hours, or may continue up to more than 50 millimeters and rainfall;
    Warning yellow:Rainfall will be up to more than 50 millimeters in 6 hours, or may continue up to more than 50 millimeters and rainfall;
    Amber Alert:Rainfall will be up to more than 50 millimeters in 3 hours, or may continue up to more than 50 millimeters and rainfall;
    Warning red:Rainfall will be up to more than 100 millimeters in 3 hours, or may continue up to more than 100 millimeters and rainfall;
    Release alarming threshold value:Released manually after taking measures on customs clearance;
    (3.10) " typhoon " method for early warning;
    Blue alarm:In 24 hours may or by tropical cyclones influence, coastal or land average wind up to 6 grades with On, or more than 8 grades of fitful wind and may continue;
    Warning yellow:In 24 hours may or by tropical cyclones influence, coastal or land average wind up to 8 grades with On, or more than 10 grades of fitful wind and may continue;
    Amber Alert:In 12 hours may or by tropical cyclones influence, coastal or land average wind up to 10 grades with On, or more than 12 grades of fitful wind and may continue;
    Warning red:In 6 hours may or by tropical cyclones influence, coastal or land average wind up to 12 grades with On, or fitful wind up to more than 14 grades and may continue;
    Release alarming threshold value:Released manually after taking measures on customs clearance;
    (3.11) " destructive decoration renovation ", " material aging ", " facilities and equipment aging " and " other " method for early warning;
    Manually alarm, voluntarily judged by entry personnel, give alarm level;Alarm level point is blue-general, it is yellow-heavier, Orange-serious, red-especially severe level Four;
    Release alarming threshold value:Released manually after taking measures on customs clearance.
  6. A kind of 6. application method of building safety monitoring system as claimed in claim 5, it is characterised in that:Also include step (4): Export warning information summary table.
  7. A kind of 7. application method of building safety monitoring system as claimed in claim 6, it is characterised in that:Also include step:In advance Alert information issue.
  8. A kind of 8. application method of the monitoring system of building safety as claimed in claims 6 or 7, it is characterised in that:Also include step: Warning information reports.
  9. A kind of 9. application method of the building safety monitoring system as described in claim 5 or 6 or 7, it is characterised in that:Also include matching somebody with somebody The building safety identification systems of set, the building safety identification systems, including community service station, community's collection terminal, data storage, Expert end, private subscribers end, and establish the private communication unit contacted with building safety monitoring system.
CN201710917755.1A 2017-10-04 2017-10-04 A kind of monitoring system and its application method for protecting building Pending CN107861446A (en)

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CN108520544A (en) * 2018-04-12 2018-09-11 郑州信大先进技术研究院 A kind of indoor map building method and device towards wisdom fire-fighting
CN109242300A (en) * 2018-08-31 2019-01-18 阿里巴巴集团控股有限公司 A kind of methods of exhibiting, device and the computer equipment of operational indicator value
CN111221867A (en) * 2018-11-25 2020-06-02 星际空间(天津)科技发展有限公司 Protective building information management system
CN111221867B (en) * 2018-11-25 2023-08-22 星际空间(天津)科技发展有限公司 Protective building information management system
CN109798935A (en) * 2019-01-29 2019-05-24 上海无线通信研究中心 A kind of Multiple Source Sensor synergic monitoring method for early warning and system for curtain wall
CN111460385A (en) * 2020-03-31 2020-07-28 河北凯通信息技术服务有限公司 Curtain wall quality defect detection system and method
CN113129074A (en) * 2021-05-08 2021-07-16 深圳新房网络科技有限公司 PaaS platform system based on house property marketing
CN113129074B (en) * 2021-05-08 2022-02-15 深圳新房网络科技有限公司 PaaS platform system based on house property marketing
CN113419279A (en) * 2021-05-25 2021-09-21 中国电建集团华东勘测设计研究院有限公司 Dam safety rapid grading early warning method under earthquake condition

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