CN107860128A - A kind of efficient energy saving and environment friendly boiler - Google Patents

A kind of efficient energy saving and environment friendly boiler Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107860128A
CN107860128A CN201711015114.3A CN201711015114A CN107860128A CN 107860128 A CN107860128 A CN 107860128A CN 201711015114 A CN201711015114 A CN 201711015114A CN 107860128 A CN107860128 A CN 107860128A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
heater
water
hot water
bevel gear
transport tube
Prior art date
Application number
CN201711015114.3A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
蒋丹军
Original Assignee
蒋丹军
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 蒋丹军 filed Critical 蒋丹军
Priority to CN201711015114.3A priority Critical patent/CN107860128A/en
Publication of CN107860128A publication Critical patent/CN107860128A/en

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Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F23COMBUSTION APPARATUS; COMBUSTION PROCESSES
    • F23JREMOVAL OR TREATMENT OF COMBUSTION PRODUCTS OR COMBUSTION RESIDUES; FLUES 
    • F23J15/00Arrangements of devices for treating smoke or fumes
    • F23J15/02Arrangements of devices for treating smoke or fumes of purifiers, e.g. for removing noxious material
    • F23J15/04Arrangements of devices for treating smoke or fumes of purifiers, e.g. for removing noxious material using washing fluids
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F23COMBUSTION APPARATUS; COMBUSTION PROCESSES
    • F23JREMOVAL OR TREATMENT OF COMBUSTION PRODUCTS OR COMBUSTION RESIDUES; FLUES 
    • F23J15/00Arrangements of devices for treating smoke or fumes
    • F23J15/06Arrangements of devices for treating smoke or fumes of coolers
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24HFLUID HEATERS, e.g. WATER OR AIR HEATERS, HAVING HEAT GENERATING MEANS, IN GENERAL
    • F24H1/00Water heaters having heat generating means, e.g. boiler, flow- heater, water-storage heater
    • F24H1/22Water heaters other than continuous-flow or water storage heaters, e.g. water-heaters for central heating
    • F24H1/24Water heaters other than continuous-flow or water storage heaters, e.g. water-heaters for central heating with water mantle surrounding the combustion chamber or chambers
    • F24H1/26Water heaters other than continuous-flow or water storage heaters, e.g. water-heaters for central heating with water mantle surrounding the combustion chamber or chambers the water mantle forming an integral body
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24HFLUID HEATERS, e.g. WATER OR AIR HEATERS, HAVING HEAT GENERATING MEANS, IN GENERAL
    • F24H9/00Details
    • F24H9/0005Details for water heaters
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24HFLUID HEATERS, e.g. WATER OR AIR HEATERS, HAVING HEAT GENERATING MEANS, IN GENERAL
    • F24H9/00Details
    • F24H9/0005Details for water heaters
    • F24H9/0042Cleaning arrangements

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of efficient energy saving and environment friendly boiler, including body of heater, hot water jacket, transport tube and spray cylinder;The hot water is set in body of heater, and hot water jacket includes casing, heating chamber and connects chamber;Vertical rotating shaft is fixedly connected with the output shaft lower end of motor, the first spiral bevel gear is coaxially arranged with rotating shaft, engagement is connected with the second spiral bevel gear on first spiral bevel gear, blade is coaxially connected with by power transmission shaft on second spiral bevel gear, scraper plate is fixed with rotating shaft, horizontal shower, the bottom joining water box of spray cylinder are installed in spray cylinder.The present invention can improve the heating surface area of hot water jacket, increase and flame, the contact area of flue gas by the heating chamber on hot water jacket of setting, increase heating surface area, be easy to internal water fast endothermic to heat up, and improve heat utilization ratio;Spraying cold water in spray cylinder, the heat in flue gas is absorbed, purifying smoke, reduces the influence to surrounding environment.

Description

A kind of efficient energy saving and environment friendly boiler
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of environmental protection equipment, specifically a kind of efficient energy saving and environment friendly boiler.
Background technology
The energy is always the valuable source for concerning China's economic development and people's life.Current China energy-consuming increases strong Strength, imbalance between supply and demand further deteriorate, and the task of energy-saving and emission-reduction is still arduous.The efficiency of combustion of the coal burning equipment in China compared with It is low, a large amount of pernicious gases are produced, seriously pollute environment.
Boiler is a kind of energy conversion, and the energy inputted to boiler has chemical energy, electric energy in fuel, boiler output Steam, high-temperature water or organic heat carrier with certain heat energy.In the prior art, old-fashioned small scall coal-fired boiler, it is in boiler Impact tube be disposed below several horizontal water tubes (impact tube lower end is in burner hearth center), fire and cigarette are directly upward from impact tube Emit, fire and cigarette the furnace residence time it is short, substantially ramp and run away, neither energy-conservation again not environmentally, the thermal efficiency is low, and right The pollution of air is extremely serious.
The content of the invention
It is an object of the invention to provide a kind of efficient energy saving and environment friendly boiler, is asked with solve to propose in above-mentioned background technology Topic.
To achieve the above object, the present invention provides following technical scheme:
A kind of efficient energy saving and environment friendly boiler, including body of heater, hot water jacket, transport tube and spray cylinder;Bottom in the body of heater is fixed There is fire grate, ashes collecting tank is provided with the downside of fire grate, is set corresponding to the upper surface of the fire grate on sidewall of the furnace body Have feeding port and blast pipe, blower fan connected on blast pipe, to fire grate on be blown into air;The hot water is set in body of heater, And the top in body of heater is fixed on, hot water jacket includes casing, heating chamber and connects chamber, and casing is cylindrical structure, heating chamber Level runs through the front and rear and left and right of casing, forms decussate texture, connection chamber is ring assembling structure, connects in the bottom of casing, makes The bottom of casing can enter water, be communicated with warm water intake pipe in the bottom of hot water jacket, top is communicated with hot water outlet pipe;Institute State transport tube to be fixed in the side wall of body of heater vertically, the exhaust opening of body of heater and transport tube be provided through at the top of transport tube, Motor is fixed with the top of transport tube, the output shaft of motor is extend into transport tube straight down, under the output shaft of motor End is fixedly connected with vertical rotating shaft, the first spiral bevel gear is coaxially arranged with rotating shaft, and the first spiral bevel gear face is arranged Mouth, on the first spiral bevel gear engagement be connected with the second spiral bevel gear, it is coaxial by power transmission shaft on the second spiral bevel gear Blade is connected with, blade is rotated and the flue gas in body of heater is passed into transport tube, and scraper plate, scraper plate and conveying are fixed with rotating shaft The inwall contact of cylinder, follows axis of rotation, and ash port is communicated with the lower end of transport tube, and bottom and the spray cylinder of transport tube connect Logical, the top of spray cylinder is provided with opening, and horizontal shower is provided with spray cylinder, cold water inlet is communicated with shower, The bottom joining water box of spray cylinder, described ash port are also connected in water tank, and the bottom in water tank is provided with swash plate, swash plate Upper end position is communicated with water pump, is provided with screen pack corresponding to water pump in water tank, and water pump connects with warm water intake pipe.
Further:The height of the ashes collecting tank is 200~300mm.
Further:Clean-up port is offered on the corresponding sidewall of the furnace body of the ashes collecting tank, is provided with clean-up port Fire door.
Further:The scraper plate is located at the lower section of the first spiral bevel gear.
Further:Several nozzles are provided with the downside of the shower, cold water is sprayed into spray cylinder.
Further:Blow-off pipe is communicated with the lower end of the swash plate.
Compared with prior art, the beneficial effects of the invention are as follows:The heating chamber on hot water jacket that the present invention passes through setting The heating surface area of hot water jacket, increase and flame, the contact area of flue gas can be improved, increases heating surface area, is easy to internal water fast Speed heat absorption heating, improves heat utilization ratio;Flue gas at the top of body of heater can be sent to the bottom of spray cylinder by transport tube, and remove Remove a portion cigarette ash, spraying cold water in spray cylinder, absorb the heat in flue gas, and purifying smoke, make equipment safety ring Protect, reduce the influence to surrounding environment;The water for absorbing flue gas heat is collected in water tank, and is passed into hot water jacket and is heated, Heat is fully absorbed, improves the utilization rate of fire coal, reduces the consumption of fire coal, energy-conserving and environment-protective.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is a kind of structural representation of efficient energy saving and environment friendly boiler.
Fig. 2 is a kind of dimensional structure diagram of hot water jacket in efficient energy saving and environment friendly boiler.
Fig. 3 is a kind of present invention looks up structural representation of hot water jacket in efficient energy saving and environment friendly boiler.
In figure:1- bodies of heater, 2- hot water jackets, 3- fire grates, 4- ashes collecting tanks, 5- clean-up ports, 6- blower fans, 7- transport tubes, 8- motors, 9- rotating shafts, the spiral bevel gears of 10- first, the spiral bevel gears of 11- second, 12- blades, 13- exhaust openings, 14- scraper plates, 15- ash ports, 16- smoke pipes, 17- spray cylinders, 18- showers, 19- cold water inlets, 20- water tanks, 21- swash plates, 22- water pumps, 23- screen packs, 24- warm water intake pipes, 25- hot water outlet pipes, 201- casings, 202- heating chambers, 203- connection chambers.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with the accompanying drawing in the embodiment of the present invention, the technical scheme in the embodiment of the present invention is carried out clear, complete Site preparation describes, it is clear that described embodiment is only part of the embodiment of the present invention, rather than whole embodiments.It is based on Embodiment in the present invention, those of ordinary skill in the art are obtained every other under the premise of creative work is not made Embodiment, belong to the scope of protection of the invention.
Refer to figure, in the embodiment of the present invention, a kind of efficient energy saving and environment friendly boiler, including body of heater 1, hot water jacket 2, transport tube 7 and spray cylinder 17;Bottom in the body of heater 1 is fixed with fire grate 3, and the downside of fire grate 3 is provided with ashes collecting tank 4, stove The height of grey collecting tank 4 is 200~300mm, and clean-up port 5 is offered in the side wall of corresponding body of heater 1 of ashes collecting tank 4, cleaning Fire door is installed on mouth 5, is easy to clear in clinker of inside etc., the side wall of body of heater 1 corresponding to the upper surface of the fire grate 3 On be provided with feeding port and blast pipe, blower fan 6 is connected on blast pipe, to fire grate 3 on be blown into air, make fired coal combustion;It is described Hot water jacket 2 is arranged in body of heater 1, and the top being fixed in body of heater 1, and hot water jacket 2 includes casing 201, heating chamber 202 and connected Cavity 203, casing 201 are cylindrical structure, the horizontal front and rear and left and right for running through casing 201 of heating chamber 202, form cross knot Structure, so as to by heating chamber 202 and flame contact, increase heating surface area, connection chamber 203 is ring assembling structure, is connected in casing 1 Bottom, makes the bottom of casing 1 can enter water, is easy to hot water to discharge in time, lukewarm water is communicated with the bottom of hot water jacket 2 Pipe 24, top are communicated with hot water outlet pipe 25, flow water in hot water jacket 2, in time take away hot water;The transport tube 7 is vertical It is fixed in the side wall of body of heater 1, the exhaust opening 13 of body of heater 1 and transport tube 7 is provided through at the top of transport tube 7, is being conveyed The top of cylinder 7 is fixed with motor 8, and the output shaft of motor 8 is extend into transport tube 7 straight down, in the output shaft lower end of motor 8 Vertical rotating shaft 9 is fixedly connected with, the first spiral bevel gear 10 is coaxially arranged with rotating shaft 9, and the first spiral bevel gear 10 is just Engaged to exhaust opening 13, on the first spiral bevel gear 10 and be connected with the second spiral bevel gear 10, led on the second spiral bevel gear 10 Cross power transmission shaft and be coaxially connected with blade 12, blade 12, which rotates, is passed into the flue gas in body of heater 1 in transport tube 7, solid in rotating shaft 9 Surely there is scraper plate 14, scraper plate 14 is located at the lower section of the first spiral bevel gear 10, and scraper plate 14 contacts with the inwall of transport tube 7, follows and turns Axle 9 is rotated, and the cigarette ash adhered on the inwall of transport tube 7 is scraped, and ash port 15 is communicated with the lower end of transport tube 7, by what is scraped Cigarette ash is discharged, and the bottom of transport tube 7 connects with spray cylinder 17, and the top of spray cylinder 17 is provided with opening, flue gas is discharged, spray cylinder Horizontal shower 18 is installed in 17, the downside of shower 18 is provided with several nozzles, sprays cold water into spray cylinder 17, Cold water inlet 19 is communicated with shower 18, the material and heat that will be absorbed using cold water in flue gas, the bottom of spray cylinder 17 Joining water box 20, described ash port 15 are also connected in water tank 20, and the bottom in water tank 20 is provided with swash plate 21, swash plate 21 Blow-off pipe is communicated with lower end, upper end position is communicated with water pump 22, is provided with screen pack 23, mistake corresponding to water pump 22 in water tank 20 Impurity in drainage, water pump 22 are connected with warm water intake pipe 24, and water is passed into hot water jacket 2.
Fire coal burns on fire grate 3, inwardly blasts air by blower fan 6, makes fired coal combustion, burned flame is to body of heater Heated in hot water jacket 2 in 1, because the thermal-arrest of hot water jacket 2 robs 202, increase heating surface (area) (HS, be easy to internal water fast endothermic liter Temperature, heat utilization ratio is improved, clinker caused by burning is dropped in the ashes collecting tank 4 of bottom, is easy to carry out clearly clinker Reason;Motor 8 is rotated, and drive shaft 9 rotates, and in the presence of spiral bevel gear, the blade 12 on exhaust opening 13 is driven, burning Produce flue gas to extract out from exhaust opening 13, be sent in transport tube 7, flue gas is sent to the bottom of spray cylinder 17 by transport tube 7, defeated The inside strake 14 of cylinder 7 is sent to scrape the cigarette ash being adhered on inwall in time, the cigarette ash scraped is dropped into symbolic animal of the birth year 20, is absorbed in cigarette ash Heat, flue gas entered in spray cylinder 17, and shower 18 sprays downwards cold water, with upward smoke contacts, is absorbed in flue gas Heat, while by some granular absorptions soluble in water, purifying smoke, the water for absorbing heat in flue gas drops into water tank 20 It is interior, water pump 22 by inside warm water extract out, be sent in hot water jacket 2, it is finally heated after water discharged from hot water outlet pipe 25.This Invention can improve the heating surface area of hot water jacket by the heating chamber on hot water jacket set, increase and to be connect with flame, flue gas Contacting surface is accumulated, and increases heating surface area, is easy to internal water fast endothermic to heat up, and improves heat utilization ratio;Transport tube can be by body of heater top The flue gas in portion is sent to the bottom of spray cylinder, and removes a portion cigarette ash, spraying cold water in spray cylinder, absorbs in flue gas Heat, and purifying smoke, make equipment safety environmentally friendly, reduce the influence to surrounding environment;The water of flue gas heat is absorbed in water Collected in case, and be passed into hot water jacket and heat, fully absorb heat, improve the utilization rate of fire coal, reduce the consumption of fire coal, Energy-conserving and environment-protective.
It is obvious to a person skilled in the art that the invention is not restricted to the details of above-mentioned one exemplary embodiment, Er Qie In the case of without departing substantially from spirit or essential attributes of the invention, the present invention can be realized in other specific forms.Therefore, no matter From the point of view of which point, embodiment all should be regarded as exemplary, and be nonrestrictive, the scope of the present invention is by appended power Profit requires rather than described above limits, it is intended that all in the implication and scope of the equivalency of claim by falling Change is included in the present invention.Any reference in claim should not be considered as to the involved claim of limitation.
Moreover, it will be appreciated that although the present specification is described in terms of embodiments, not each embodiment is only wrapped Containing an independent technical scheme, this narrating mode of specification is only that those skilled in the art should for clarity Using specification as an entirety, the technical solutions in the various embodiments may also be suitably combined, forms those skilled in the art It is appreciated that other embodiment.

Claims (6)

1. a kind of efficient energy saving and environment friendly boiler, including body of heater(1), hot water jacket(2), transport tube(7)And spray cylinder(17);Its feature It is:The body of heater(1)Interior bottom is fixed with fire grate(3), fire grate(3)Downside be provided with ashes collecting tank(4), institute State fire grate(3)Upper surface corresponding to body of heater(1)Feeding port and blast pipe are provided with side wall, blower fan is connected on blast pipe (6), to fire grate(3)On be blown into air;The hot water jacket(2)It is arranged on body of heater(1)It is interior, and it is fixed on body of heater(1)Interior top Portion, hot water jacket(2)Include casing(201), heating chamber(202)With connect chamber(203), casing(201)For cylindrical structure, add Hot chamber(202)Level runs through casing(201)Front and rear and left and right, formed decussate texture, connect chamber(203)For ring assembling structure, Connection is in casing(1)Bottom, make casing(1)Bottom can enter water, in hot water jacket(2)Bottom be communicated with warm water and enter Water pipe(24), top is communicated with hot water outlet pipe(25);The transport tube(7)It is fixed on body of heater vertically(1)Side wall on, defeated Send cylinder(7)Top be provided through body of heater(1)And transport tube(7)Exhaust opening(13), in transport tube(7)Top be fixed with Motor(8), motor(8)Output shaft extend into transport tube straight down(7)It is interior, in motor(8)Output shaft lower end fix connect It is connected to vertical rotating shaft(9), rotating shaft(9)On be coaxially arranged with the first spiral bevel gear(10), and the first spiral bevel gear(10) Face exhaust opening(13), the first spiral bevel gear(10)Upper engagement is connected with the second spiral bevel gear(10), the second screw conic tooth Wheel(10)It is upper that blade is coaxially connected with by power transmission shaft(12), blade(12)Rotate body of heater(1)Interior flue gas is passed into conveying Cylinder(7)It is interior, in rotating shaft(9)On be fixed with scraper plate(14), scraper plate(14)With transport tube(7)Inwall contact, follow rotating shaft(9)Turn It is dynamic, in transport tube(7)Lower end be communicated with ash port(15), transport tube(7)Bottom and spray cylinder(17)Connection, spray cylinder (17)Top be provided with opening, spray cylinder(17)Horizontal shower is inside installed(18), shower(18)On be communicated with cold water Water inlet pipe(19), spray cylinder(17)Bottom joining water box(20), described ash port(15)Also connect in water tank(20)It is interior, Water tank(20)Interior bottom is provided with swash plate(21), swash plate(21)Upper end position is communicated with water pump(22), water pump(22)It is corresponding Water tank(20)Inside it is provided with screen pack(23), water pump(22)With warm water intake pipe(24)Connection.
A kind of 2. efficient energy saving and environment friendly boiler according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The ashes collecting tank(4)'s Highly it is 200~300mm.
A kind of 3. efficient energy saving and environment friendly boiler according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The ashes collecting tank(4)'s Corresponding body of heater(1)Clean-up port is offered in side wall(5), clean-up port(5)On fire door is installed.
A kind of 4. efficient energy saving and environment friendly boiler according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The scraper plate(14)Positioned at first Spiral bevel gear(10)Lower section.
A kind of 5. efficient energy saving and environment friendly boiler according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The shower(18)Downside Several nozzles are provided with, to spray cylinder(17)Interior injection cold water.
A kind of 6. efficient energy saving and environment friendly boiler according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The swash plate(21)Lower end on It is communicated with blow-off pipe.
CN201711015114.3A 2017-10-26 2017-10-26 A kind of efficient energy saving and environment friendly boiler CN107860128A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201711015114.3A CN107860128A (en) 2017-10-26 2017-10-26 A kind of efficient energy saving and environment friendly boiler

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201711015114.3A CN107860128A (en) 2017-10-26 2017-10-26 A kind of efficient energy saving and environment friendly boiler

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN107860128A true CN107860128A (en) 2018-03-30

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201711015114.3A CN107860128A (en) 2017-10-26 2017-10-26 A kind of efficient energy saving and environment friendly boiler

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN107860128A (en)

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108800150A (en) * 2018-04-28 2018-11-13 浙江信基科技有限公司 A kind of agricultural wastes incinerator
CN107543311B (en) * 2017-07-20 2019-11-15 王胜 A kind of efficient energy saving and environment friendly boiler

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107543311B (en) * 2017-07-20 2019-11-15 王胜 A kind of efficient energy saving and environment friendly boiler
CN108800150A (en) * 2018-04-28 2018-11-13 浙江信基科技有限公司 A kind of agricultural wastes incinerator

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Application publication date: 20180330

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