CN206724466U - A kind of energy-saving, environmental protection boiler of thermal protection - Google Patents

A kind of energy-saving, environmental protection boiler of thermal protection Download PDF

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Publication number
CN206724466U
CN206724466U CN201720509368.XU CN201720509368U CN206724466U CN 206724466 U CN206724466 U CN 206724466U CN 201720509368 U CN201720509368 U CN 201720509368U CN 206724466 U CN206724466 U CN 206724466U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
chamber
heat exchanging
fire grate
heat exchange
exchange box
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Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201720509368.XU
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
俞洁
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Individual
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Individual
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Priority to CN201720509368.XU priority Critical patent/CN206724466U/en
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Publication of CN206724466U publication Critical patent/CN206724466U/en
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E20/00Combustion technologies with mitigation potential
    • Y02E20/30Technologies for a more efficient combustion or heat usage

Abstract

The utility model discloses a kind of energy-saving, environmental protection boiler of thermal protection, including shell, fire grate, air blower and water tank;Water tank is arranged on the inwall of burner hearth, and the upper surface of fire grate is fixed with two horizontal slide rails, and a thermal insulation board is slidably fitted with slide rail;Set on fire grate between two slide rails as main heating chamber, be arranged to kindling material chamber on the outside of slide rail, heat exchange box be fixed with the outside of the shell, perpendicular airduct is extended down into heat exchange box;Several heat exchanging chambers being vertically arranged are fixed with the heat exchange box;Horizontal water tube has been passed through in the heat exchanging chamber.The utility model can not only make the heat in flue gas be reuptaked utilization by the heat exchanging chamber in heat exchange box, additionally it is possible to the dust in flue gas, sulfide etc. are absorbed, the pollutant in flue gas is filtered, plays a part of purifying smoke;Kindling material can be stored by kindling material chamber, it is necessary to only need to extract thermal insulation board out when heating again, add fuel, starting blower fan can be so that fuel to be ignited.

Description

A kind of energy-saving, environmental protection boiler of thermal protection
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of energy-saving environmental protection device, specifically a kind of energy-saving, environmental protection boiler of thermal protection.
Background technology
Since China reforms and opens up to the outside world, national economy obtains rapid growth, turns into China's mesh with " scientific and technical innovation, autonomous innovation " The main flow of preceding industrial development, China's industry also develop to the direction of intensive style, energy-saving and emission-reduction, low-carbon simultaneously.Existing boiler Containing substantial amounts of sulfide, carbon monoxide etc. in flue gas caused by burning, and with high temperature, if be directly discharged into In air, not only air is polluted, a large amount of wastes of the energy will be also caused, is unfavorable for the development of enterprise;On the other hand, when When boiler is stopped using, because the burning things which may cause a fire disaster in boiler stops burning, and when needing to light again, it is necessary to manually by boiler open into Row is lighted, and igniting is cumbersome, and because temperature is low during lighting, longer one end time is needed to boiler normal heating, this Sample have impact on the use of boiler.Therefore, existing boiler is improved, solved the above problems.
The content of the invention
It is an object of the invention to provide a kind of purifying smoke, securely and reliably, fast and easy of igniting, the energy-conserving and environment-protective of thermal protection Boiler, to solve the problems mentioned in the above background technology.
To achieve the above object, the present invention provides following technical scheme:
A kind of energy-saving, environmental protection boiler of thermal protection, including shell, fire grate, air blower and water tank;Stove is set in the shell Thorax, water tank are arranged on the inwall of burner hearth, and outlet pipe and water inlet pipe are communicated with water tank, are fixed with the lower section burner hearth of water tank Horizontal fire grate, the upper surface of fire grate is fixed with two horizontal slide rails, and is symmetricly set on the both sides of fire grate, in cunning A thermal insulation board is slidably fitted with rail;Set on fire grate between two slide rails and set for main heating chamber, the outside of slide rail For kindling material chamber, branch pipe is being communicated with outer casing inner wall corresponding to kindling material chamber;Clinker chamber is arranged to below the fire grate, in stove Slag intracavitary is communicated with blast pipe, and blast pipe is connected with air blower, and branch pipe is also connected in air blower;Connect at the top of the burner hearth Wind-collecting cover is connected with, discharge pipe is connected on wind-collecting cover, is connected with booster pump, cushion chamber and perpendicular airduct on discharge pipe in turn;It is described outer Heat exchange box is fixed with the outside of shell, perpendicular airduct is extended down into heat exchange box;Several vertical rows are fixed with the heat exchange box The heat exchanging chamber of row, heat exchanging chamber is horizontal positioned, is hollow structure in heat exchanging chamber, the right-hand member between two adjacent heat exchanging chambers is fixed Have dividing plate, the left and right sides separated, be communicated with beam wind pipe on the perpendicular airduct, beam wind pipe be located at two adjacent heat exchanging chambers it Between, the right-hand member of beam wind pipe is passed through flue gas to the depths between heat exchanging chamber, is communicated with out at the top of heat exchange box towards dividing plate dividing plate Tracheae;Horizontal water tube is passed through in the heat exchanging chamber, the left end of horizontal water tube is located at the left end in heat exchanging chamber, by horizontal water tube to heat exchange Intracavitary is passed through cold water, absorbs the heat in flue gas, and the outer end of horizontal water tube is connected on vertical water pipe, the right-hand member connection of the heat exchange box There is drainpipe.
Further:The distance between the fire grate and shell are less than 80mm.
Further:Outer casing frontispiece corresponding to the fire grate is provided with feeding port, and feeding port extends downwardly into shell Bottom.
Further:Fire door is rotatablely equipped with by hinge on the feeding port.
Further:The diameter of the cushion chamber is more than the diameter of perpendicular airduct.
Further:The material of the heat exchanging chamber is copper.
Further:The bottom of the heat exchange box is provided with sewage draining exit.
Compared with prior art, the beneficial effects of the invention are as follows:The present invention, can not only by the heat exchanging chamber in heat exchange box The heat in flue gas is set to be reuptaked utilization, additionally it is possible to absorb, filtered in flue gas to the dust in flue gas, sulfide etc. Pollutant, play a part of purifying smoke, energy-conserving and environment-protective, securely and reliably;Kindling material can be stored by kindling material chamber, it is necessary to again Only need to extract thermal insulation board out during heating, add fuel, starting blower fan can be easy to operate so that fuel to be ignited, and ensures person peace Entirely, toggle speed is fast, quickly boiler can be made to come into operation, save the time.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is a kind of structural representation of the energy-saving, environmental protection boiler of thermal protection.
Fig. 2 is a kind of structural representation of fire grate in energy-saving, environmental protection boiler of thermal protection.
In figure:1- shells, 2- burner hearths, 3- fire grates, the main heating chambers of 4-, 5- kindling material chambers, 6- thermal insulation boards, 7- slide rails, 8- stoves Slag chamber, 9- blast pipes, 10- branch pipes, 11- air blowers, 12- water tanks, 13- outlet pipes, 14- water inlet pipes, 15- fire doors, 16- collection wind Cover, 17- discharge pipes, 18- booster pumps, 19- cushion chambers, 20- erect airduct, 21- heat exchange box, 22- heat exchanging chambers, 23- dividing plates, 24- horizontal strokes Water pipe, 25- beam wind pipes, 26- escape pipes, 27- drainpipes, 28- vertical water pipes.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with the accompanying drawing in the embodiment of the present invention, the technical scheme in the embodiment of the present invention is carried out clear, complete Site preparation describes, it is clear that described embodiment is only part of the embodiment of the present invention, rather than whole embodiments.It is based on Embodiment in the present invention, those of ordinary skill in the art are obtained every other under the premise of creative work is not made Embodiment, belong to the scope of protection of the invention.
Refer to figure, in the embodiment of the present invention, a kind of energy-saving, environmental protection boiler of thermal protection, including shell 1, fire grate 3, air blast Machine 11 and water tank 12;Burner hearth 2 is set in the shell 1, and water tank 12 is arranged on the inwall of burner hearth 2, is communicated with out in water tank 12 Water pipe 13 and water inlet pipe 14, the inner recirculation flow of water tank 12 is gone out hot water, horizontal fire grate is fixed with the lower section burner hearth 2 of water tank 12 Son 3, the upper surface of fire grate 3 is fixed with two horizontal slide rails 7, and is symmetricly set on the both sides of fire grate 3, the fire grate The distance between 3 and shell 1 are less than 80mm, and a thermal insulation board 6 is slidably fitted with slide rail 7, and thermal insulation board 6 is removed from slide rail 7, It is easily installed and dismantles;Set on fire grate 3 between two slide rails 7 and be arranged to fire for main heating chamber 4, the outside of slide rail 7 Kind chamber 5, branch pipe 10 is being communicated with corresponding to kindling material chamber 5 on the inwall of shell 1;The lower section of the fire grate 3 is arranged to clinker chamber 8, Blast pipe 9 is communicated with clinker chamber 8, blast pipe 9 is connected with air blower 11, and branch pipe 10 is also connected in air blower 11, energy Enough to blasting air in main heating chamber 4, kindling material chamber 5, it is easy to fuel combustion;The front of shell 1 is provided with corresponding to the fire grate 3 Feeding port, feeding port extend downwardly into the bottom of shell 1, are rotatablely equipped with fire door 15 by hinge on feeding port, fire door 15 is just In filler and ash discharge;The top of the burner hearth 2 is communicated with wind-collecting cover 16, connects discharge pipe 17 on wind-collecting cover 16, on discharge pipe 17 It is connected with booster pump 18, cushion chamber 19 and perpendicular airduct 20 in turn, booster pump 18 can increase the pressure of blowout flue gas, so as to increase The pressure of air in perpendicular airduct 20, the diameter of cushion chamber 19 are more than the diameter of perpendicular airduct 20, avoid the flue gas temperature in discharge pipe 17 Degree declines and the liquid suck-back in perpendicular airduct 20 is entered in burner hearth 2;The outside of the shell 1 is fixed with heat exchange box 21, erects airduct 20 extend down into heat exchange box 21;Several heat exchanging chambers 22 being vertically arranged, heat exchanging chamber 22 are fixed with the heat exchange box 21 It is horizontal positioned, be hollow structure in heat exchanging chamber 22, its material is copper, is easy to heat transfer, two adjacent heat exchanging chambers 22 it Between right-hand member be fixed with dividing plate 23, both sides are separated, are communicated with beam wind pipe 25 on the perpendicular airduct 20, beam wind pipe 25 is positioned at adjacent Two heat exchanging chambers 22 between, the right-hand member of beam wind pipe 25 is passed through towards dividing plate dividing plate 23 by beam wind pipe 25 into heat exchange box 21 Flue gas, escape pipe 26 is communicated with the top of heat exchange box 21, the flue gas after cooling will be filtered and discharged;It is passed through in the heat exchanging chamber 22 There is horizontal water tube 24, the left end of horizontal water tube 24 is located at the left end in heat exchanging chamber 22, is passed through by horizontal water tube 24 into heat exchanging chamber 22 cold Water, the heat in flue gas is absorbed, the outer end of horizontal water tube 24 is connected on vertical water pipe 28, and the right-hand member of the heat exchange box 21 is communicated with row Water pipe 27, the hot water for absorbing heat is discharged.
In use, inserting fuel in fire grate 3, burnt in main heating chamber 4 and kindling material chamber 5 of the fuel on fire grate 3, Air blower 11 blasts air, makes fuel combustion abundant, and high-temperature gas caused by burning is entered out of burner hearth 2 in wind-collecting cover 16, High-temperature gas is heated to the water tank 12 in burner hearth 2, absorbs heat, and hot water is provided for outside;The flue gas entered in wind-collecting cover 16 Discharged from discharge pipe 17, increase flue gas pressures in the presence of booster pump 18, flue gas is passed into heat exchange box 21 from perpendicular airduct 20 It is interior, water is passed through between the heat exchanging chamber 22 in heat exchange box 21, high-temperature flue gas was carried out by the water in heat exchange box 21 to flue gas Filter, last flue gas are discharged from escape pipe 26, and the bottom of heat exchange box 21 sets sewage draining exit, and sewage caused by filtering is discharged;Heat exchange The water being passed through in chamber 22 can absorb the heat in flue gas, and heat exchanging chamber 22 increases contact area, improves the exchange efficiency of heat, just Discharged in more hot water, absorb internal heat, reduced energy loss, make full use of the heat in flue gas;When boiler without using When, thermal insulation board 6 is installed, the fuel investment in kindling material chamber 5, stops air blower 11 and blasts air, makes fuel slow in kindling material chamber 5 Burning, kindling material is preserved, when needing to light again, the fuel investment in main heating chamber 4, extract thermal insulation board 6 out, start air blower 11, the fuel in kindling material chamber 5 is ignited, air blower 11 blasts air, so that being burnt in main heating chamber 4.
It is obvious to a person skilled in the art that the invention is not restricted to the details of above-mentioned one exemplary embodiment, Er Qie In the case of without departing substantially from spirit or essential attributes of the invention, the present invention can be realized in other specific forms.Therefore, no matter From the point of view of which point, embodiment all should be regarded as exemplary, and be nonrestrictive, the scope of the present invention is by appended power Profit requires rather than described above limits, it is intended that all in the implication and scope of the equivalency of claim by falling Change is included in the present invention.Any reference in claim should not be considered as to the involved claim of limitation.
Moreover, it will be appreciated that although the present specification is described in terms of embodiments, not each embodiment is only wrapped Containing an independent technical scheme, this narrating mode of specification is only that those skilled in the art should for clarity Using specification as an entirety, the technical solutions in the various embodiments may also be suitably combined, forms those skilled in the art It is appreciated that other embodiment.

Claims (7)

1. a kind of energy-saving, environmental protection boiler of thermal protection, including shell (1), fire grate (3), air blower (11) and water tank (12);It is special Sign is:Burner hearth (2) is set in the shell (1), and water tank (12) is arranged on the inwall of burner hearth (2), is connected in water tank (12) There are outlet pipe (13) and water inlet pipe (14), horizontal fire grate (3), fire grate are fixed with the lower section burner hearth (2) of water tank (12) The upper surface of sub (3) is fixed with two horizontal slide rails (7), and is symmetricly set on the both sides of fire grate (3), on slide rail (7) It is slidably fitted with a thermal insulation board (6);Set on fire grate (3) between two slide rails (7) as main heating chamber (4), slide rail (7) Outside be arranged to kindling material chamber (5), be communicated with branch pipe (10) on shell (1) inwall corresponding to kindling material chamber (5);The fire grate (3) clinker chamber (8) is arranged to below, blast pipe (9) is communicated with clinker chamber (8), blast pipe (9) connects with air blower (11) It is logical, and branch pipe (10) is also connected in air blower (11);Wind-collecting cover (16), wind-collecting cover are communicated with the top of the burner hearth (2) (16) discharge pipe (17) is connected on, booster pump (18), cushion chamber (19) and perpendicular airduct (20) are connected with turn on discharge pipe (17); Heat exchange box (21) is fixed with the outside of the shell (1), perpendicular airduct (20) is extended down into heat exchange box (21);The heat exchange box (21) several heat exchanging chambers (22) being vertically arranged are fixed with, heat exchanging chamber (22) is horizontal positioned, to be hollow in heat exchanging chamber (22) Structure, the right-hand member between two adjacent heat exchanging chambers (22) are fixed with dividing plate (23), the left and right sides separated, the perpendicular airduct (20) beam wind pipe (25) is communicated with, beam wind pipe (25) is between two adjacent heat exchanging chambers (22), the right side of beam wind pipe (25) End is passed through flue gas to the depths between heat exchanging chamber (22), is communicated with out at the top of heat exchange box (21) towards dividing plate dividing plate (23) Tracheae (26);Horizontal water tube (24) is passed through in the heat exchanging chamber (22), the left end of horizontal water tube (24) is located in heat exchanging chamber (22) Left end, cold water is passed through into heat exchanging chamber (22) by horizontal water tube (24), absorbs the heat in flue gas, the outer end of horizontal water tube (24) connects Lead on vertical water pipe (28), the right-hand member of the heat exchange box (21) is communicated with drainpipe (27).
A kind of 2. energy-saving, environmental protection boiler of thermal protection according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The fire grate (3) with it is outer The distance between shell (1) is less than 80mm.
A kind of 3. energy-saving, environmental protection boiler of thermal protection according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The fire grate (3) is corresponding Shell (1) front be provided with feeding port, feeding port extends downwardly into the bottom of shell (1).
A kind of 4. energy-saving, environmental protection boiler of thermal protection according to claim 3, it is characterised in that:Pass through hinge on the feeding port Chain is rotatablely equipped with fire door (15).
A kind of 5. energy-saving, environmental protection boiler of thermal protection according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The cushion chamber (19) it is straight Footpath is more than the diameter of perpendicular airduct (20).
A kind of 6. energy-saving, environmental protection boiler of thermal protection according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The material of the heat exchanging chamber (22) Matter is copper.
A kind of 7. energy-saving, environmental protection boiler of thermal protection according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The bottom of the heat exchange box (21) Portion is provided with sewage draining exit.
CN201720509368.XU 2017-05-09 2017-05-09 A kind of energy-saving, environmental protection boiler of thermal protection Expired - Fee Related CN206724466U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201720509368.XU CN206724466U (en) 2017-05-09 2017-05-09 A kind of energy-saving, environmental protection boiler of thermal protection

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201720509368.XU CN206724466U (en) 2017-05-09 2017-05-09 A kind of energy-saving, environmental protection boiler of thermal protection

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN206724466U true CN206724466U (en) 2017-12-08

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110726170A (en) * 2019-11-08 2020-01-24 东阳荼珀新能源科技有限公司 Energy-saving heating equipment for rural residence

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110726170A (en) * 2019-11-08 2020-01-24 东阳荼珀新能源科技有限公司 Energy-saving heating equipment for rural residence

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CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20171208

Termination date: 20190509