CN101021358B - Energy conserving environmental protective non-pressure heating furnace - Google Patents

Energy conserving environmental protective non-pressure heating furnace Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101021358B
CN101021358B CN2007100133747A CN200710013374A CN101021358B CN 101021358 B CN101021358 B CN 101021358B CN 2007100133747 A CN2007100133747 A CN 2007100133747A CN 200710013374 A CN200710013374 A CN 200710013374A CN 101021358 B CN101021358 B CN 101021358B
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China
Prior art keywords
jacket
heat exchanging
exchanging water
heat
heat exchange
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Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN2007100133747A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN101021358A (en
Inventor
朱惠芬
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朱惠芬
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Priority to CN2007100133747A priority Critical patent/CN101021358B/en
Publication of CN101021358A publication Critical patent/CN101021358A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN101021358B publication Critical patent/CN101021358B/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
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Abstract

The invention provides a pressureless heating furnace which is made up of the heat insulating shell, the out heat exchange water jacket, the inner heat exchange water jacket, the furnace cavity, the main heat exchange calandria, the assistant heat exchange calandria, the flat heat exchange water jacket and the smoke clarifier. The heat insulating shell is on the out wall of the out heat exchange water jacket and the inner heat exchange water jacket, the furnace cavity, the main heat exchange calandria, the assistant heat exchange calandria, the flat heat exchange water jacket are set in the out heat exchange water jacket. The inner heat exchange water jacket is set in the right side of the out heat exchange water jacket as the T-shape which the right below is the furnace cavity, the below of which is the pipe grate. The left end of the pipe grate is connected to the inner heat exchange water jacket and the right end is connected to the out heat exchange water jacket. The main heat exchange calandria is set between the inner and out heat exchange water jacket. So the furnace has the good design, heat supply and big heat supplying area; also it can save the energy.

Description

Energy conserving environmental protective non-pressure heating furnace
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of people's cooking heating equipment, a kind of specifically energy conserving environmental protective non-pressure heating furnace.
Background technology
The general deficiency that exists of prior art resident's domestic heating stove is that volume is big, structural design is unreasonable, heat exchange efficiency is low, energy waste is serious.Can not provide the heating thermal source for the resident of big area of heat-supply service, because the effective recycling that does not take into full account heat in the flue gas of the heating stove of prior art, make heat not have abundant absorption just to follow flue gas to be discharged by fume emission pipelines such as chimneys, wasted the energy of its burning, not only cause the waste of resource, main is that large tracts of land heating requirement can't be met.
Summary of the invention
Technical assignment of the present invention is at above weak point, provide a kind of reasonable in design, simple in structure, production cost is low, heating effect good, area of heat-supply service is big, and the energy-efficient heating stove that the heat energy of smoke evacuation in the waste gas fully can be recycled.
Energy conserving environmental protective non-pressure heating furnace of the present invention: its structure is by insulation shell, outer heat exchanging water-jacket, interior heat exchanging water-jacket, burner hearth, the main heat exchange comb, secondary heat exchange pipe, flat heat exchanging water-jacket and fume purifier are formed, insulation shell is put on heat exchanging water-jacket's outside the outer wall, interior heat exchanging water-jacket, burner hearth, the main heat exchange comb, secondary heat exchange pipe is arranged among the outer heat exchanging water-jacket, interior heat exchanging water-jacket is Γ shape and is arranged on the interior right side of outer heat exchanging water-jacket, interior heat exchanging water-jacket's right lower quadrant space is a burner hearth, be provided with the tubular type fire grate in the burner hearth, the left end of tubular type fire grate is connected with interior heat exchanging water-jacket, heat exchanging water-jacket's top in main heat exchange pipe row is arranged on, its two ends all are connected with outer heat exchanging water-jacket, heat exchanging water-jacket left side in the Γ shape, be provided with secondary heat exchange pipe peace plate-type heat-exchange water jacket, fume purifier is arranged on outer heat exchanging water-jacket's left end, hot water outlet is arranged on outer heat exchanging water-jacket's upper right quarter, and return pipe is arranged on outer heat exchanging water-jacket's lower left quarter.
Energy-efficient cooking heating stove of the present invention is compared with prior art, its beneficial effect is: have reasonable in design, simple in structure, production cost is low, heating effect good, area of heat-supply service is big and make full use of characteristics such as fuel energy, increase heat exchange efficiency, improved area of heat-supply service.Thereby the present invention has good value for applications.
Description of drawings
Accompanying drawing 1 is the overall structure schematic diagram of energy conserving environmental protective non-pressure heating furnace;
Accompanying drawing 2 is structural representations of energy conserving environmental protective non-pressure heating furnace dedusting plate.
Description of reference numerals: ash hole 1; Lighting-up tuyere 2; Tubular type fire bars 3; Coal filling hole 4; Hot water outlet 5; Interior heat exchanging water-jacket 6; Insulation shell 7; Main heat exchange comb 8; Outer heat exchanging water-jacket 9; Secondary heat exchange pipe 10; Deduster access cover 11; Dedusting guide plate 12; Smoke through hole 13; Outlet flue 14; Fume purifier 15; Ash discharging hole 16; The backwater mouth of pipe 17; Cleaning door 18; Air inlet 19; Burner hearth 20; Flat heat exchanging water-jacket 21; Furnace bottom 22; Smoke passing port 23.
Embodiment
Explain below with reference to Figure of description energy conserving environmental protective non-pressure heating furnace of the present invention being done.
As shown in Figure 1.Energy conserving environmental protective non-pressure heating furnace of the present invention, its structure is by insulation shell 7, outer heat exchanging water-jacket 9, interior heat exchanging water-jacket 6, burner hearth 20, main heat exchange comb 8, secondary heat exchange pipe 10, flat heat exchanging water-jacket 21 and fume purifier 15 are formed, insulation shell 7 is put on heat exchanging water-jacket's 9 outside the outer wall, interior heat exchanging water-jacket 6, burner hearth 20, main heat exchange comb 8, secondary heat exchange pipe 10 peaceful plate-type heat-exchange water jackets 21 are arranged among the outer heat exchanging water-jacket 9, interior heat exchanging water-jacket 6 is Γ shape and is arranged on right side in the outer heat exchanging water-jacket 9, interior heat exchanging water-jacket's 6 right lower quadrant space is a burner hearth 20, the below of burner hearth 20 is provided with tubular type fire grate 3, the left end of tubular type fire grate 3 is connected with interior heat exchanging water-jacket 6, right-hand member is connected with outer heat exchanging water-jacket 9, main heat exchange pipe row 8 is horizontally set between interior heat exchanging water-jacket 6 and the outer heat exchanging water-jacket 9, its two ends are communicated with outer heat exchanging water-jacket 9, heat exchanging water-jacket 6 left sides in the Γ shape, be provided with the secondary heat exchange pipe 10 peaceful plate-type heat-exchange water jackets 21 that outer heat exchanging water-jacket is communicated with, fume purifier 15 is arranged on outer heat exchanging water-jacket's 9 left end, hot water outlet 5 is arranged on outer heat exchanging water-jacket's 9 upper right quarters, and the backwater mouth of pipe 17 is arranged on outer heat exchanging water-jacket's 9 lower left quarter.
Flat heat exchanging water-jacket's 21 top or bottom interval be connected with outer heat exchanging water-jacket 9 or with furnace bottom 22 bottom connections, flat heat exchanging water-jacket 21 bottoms that the top is connected with outer heat exchanging water-jacket 9 are provided with smoke passing port, flat heat exchanging water-jacket 21 tops that the bottom is connected with furnace bottom 22 bottoms are provided with smoke passing port, secondary heat exchange pipe 10 is horizontally set between the flat heat exchanging water-jacket 21, its two ends all are connected with outer heat exchanging water-jacket 9, and flat heat exchanging water-jacket 21 and secondary heat exchanger tube row's 10 two ends all are communicated with outer heat exchanging water-jacket 9.
Coal filling hole 4, lighting-up tuyere 2 and ash hole 1 are arranged on the right-hand member of insulation shell 7, and wherein coal filling hole 4 and lighting-up tuyere 2 are positioned at the top of tubular type fire grate 3, and ash hole 1 is positioned at the below of tubular type fire grate 3.
The left end top of lagging casing 7 is provided with smoke passing port 23 and is communicated with purifying dust-removing device 15, be vertically installed with dedusting guide plate 12 in the purifying dust-removing device 15, the top of dedusting guide plate 12 or bottom are provided with smoke through hole 13, smoke through hole 13 is between the upper and lower every being arranged among the purifying dust-removing device 15, is arranged on the smoke through hole 13 that the exhaust opening 14 in purifying dust-removing device 15 left sides passes on the dedusting guide plate and is communicated with the smoke passing port hole 23 in outer heat exchanging water-jacket 9 left sides.
The both sides that are positioned at the insulation shell 7 of secondary heat exchange pipe 10 or flat heat exchanging water-jacket 21 belows are provided with cleaning door 18.
The bottom of purifying dust-removing device 15 also is provided with ash discharging hole 16.
The below of tubular type fire grate is ashes chamber 24, and the both sides insulation shell 7 of ashes chamber 24 is provided with air inlet 19.
Embodiment
Energy conserving environmental protective non-pressure heating furnace of the present invention in use, the flue gas that stove burner hearth internal combustion produces carries out sufficient heat exchange along flue operation and inside and outside heat exchanging water-jacket and dull and stereotyped heat exchanging water-jacket and major-minor calandria heat exchanger between the flue between the inside and outside heat exchanging water-jacket, interior heat exchanging water-jacket and the dull and stereotyped heat exchanging water-jacket, discharge from smoke passing port then, after purifying, gas cleaning gas discharges again from exhaust opening, heat behind the coal combustion is recovered utilization more than 90%, the temperature of exhaust opening is controlled at 20-30 ℃.Burner hearth adopts big Capacity design, so coal can continuous burning more than 4 hours.Because the heat in the flue gas is by the chimney heat exchanger efficient absorption, thereby realization provides the heating thermal source to the heating equipment in the big zone.
Heating stove of the present invention adopts the smoke evacuation of air-introduced machine negative pressure because design of heat exchanger is tight, and heat exchange effect spy is good, can burn according to return water temperature control burner hearth automatically by industrial computer, thereby have good heating and energy-saving effect.

Claims (7)

1. energy conserving environmental protective non-pressure heating furnace, it is characterized in that it being by insulation shell, outer heat exchanging water-jacket, interior heat exchanging water-jacket, burner hearth, the main heat exchange comb, secondary heat exchange pipe, flat heat exchanging water-jacket and fume purifier are formed, insulation shell is put on heat exchanging water-jacket's outside the outer wall, interior heat exchanging water-jacket, burner hearth, the main heat exchange comb, secondary heat exchange pipe peace plate-type heat-exchange water jacket is arranged among the outer heat exchanging water-jacket, interior heat exchanging water-jacket is Г shape and is arranged on the interior right side of outer heat exchanging water-jacket, interior heat exchanging water-jacket's right lower quadrant space is a burner hearth, the below of burner hearth is provided with the tubular type fire grate, the left end of tubular type fire grate is connected with interior heat exchanging water-jacket, right-hand member is connected with outer heat exchanging water-jacket, main heat exchange pipe row of horizontal is arranged between interior heat exchanging water-jacket and the outer heat exchanging water-jacket, its two ends are communicated with outer heat exchanging water-jacket, heat exchanging water-jacket left side in the Г shape, be provided with the secondary heat exchange pipe peace plate-type heat-exchange water jacket that outer heat exchanging water-jacket is communicated with, fume purifier is arranged on outer heat exchanging water-jacket's left end, hot water outlet is arranged on outer heat exchanging water-jacket's upper right quarter, and the backwater mouth of pipe is arranged on outer heat exchanging water-jacket's lower left quarter.
2. energy conserving environmental protective non-pressure heating furnace according to claim 1, it is characterized in that flat heat exchanging water-jacket's top or bottom interval is connected with outer heat exchanging water-jacket or with the furnace bottom bottom connection, the flat heat exchanging water-jacket bottom that the top is connected with outer heat exchanging water-jacket is provided with smoke passing port, the bottom is provided with smoke passing port with the flat heat exchanging water-jacket top that the furnace bottom bottom is connected, secondary heat exchange pipe is horizontally set between the flat heat exchanging water-jacket, its two ends all are connected with outer heat exchanging water-jacket, and flat heat exchanging water-jacket and secondary heat exchanger tube row's two ends all are communicated with outer heat exchanging water-jacket.
3. energy conserving environmental protective non-pressure heating furnace according to claim 1 is characterized in that coal filling hole, lighting-up tuyere and ash hole are arranged on the right-hand member of insulation shell, and wherein coal filling hole and lighting-up tuyere are positioned at the top of tubular type fire grate, and ash hole is positioned at the below of tubular type fire grate.
4. energy conserving environmental protective non-pressure heating furnace according to claim 1, the left end top that it is characterized in that lagging casing is provided with smoke passing port and is communicated with purifying dust-removing device, be vertically installed with the dedusting guide plate in the purifying dust-removing device, the top or the bottom of dedusting guide plate are provided with smoke through hole, smoke through hole is between the upper and lower every being arranged among the purifying dust-removing device, and the smoke through hole that the exhaust opening that is arranged on the purifying dust-removing device left side passes on the dedusting guide plate is communicated with smoke passing port hole on the left of the outer heat exchanging water-jacket.
5. energy conserving environmental protective non-pressure heating furnace according to claim 1, the both sides that it is characterized in that being positioned at the insulation shell of secondary heat exchange pipe or flat heat exchanging water-jacket below are provided with cleaning door.
6. energy conserving environmental protective non-pressure heating furnace according to claim 1 is characterized in that the bottom of dirt pocket also is provided with cleaning door.
7. energy conserving environmental protective non-pressure heating furnace according to claim 1 is characterized in that below the tubular type fire grate it being the ashes chambers, and the both sides insulation shell of ashes chamber is provided with air inlet.
CN2007100133747A 2007-03-13 2007-03-13 Energy conserving environmental protective non-pressure heating furnace Expired - Fee Related CN101021358B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2007100133747A CN101021358B (en) 2007-03-13 2007-03-13 Energy conserving environmental protective non-pressure heating furnace

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2007100133747A CN101021358B (en) 2007-03-13 2007-03-13 Energy conserving environmental protective non-pressure heating furnace

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN101021358A CN101021358A (en) 2007-08-22
CN101021358B true CN101021358B (en) 2011-07-06

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Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN2007100133747A Expired - Fee Related CN101021358B (en) 2007-03-13 2007-03-13 Energy conserving environmental protective non-pressure heating furnace

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Families Citing this family (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104848201B (en) * 2015-05-26 2016-11-30 谭长清 Multipurpose horizontal heating furnace
CN106288367A (en) * 2015-06-11 2017-01-04 全爱军 A kind of heating stove of improvement

Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
RU2273802C1 (en) * 2004-07-12 2006-04-10 Дмитрий Витальевич Чукичев Hot-water boiler

Patent Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
RU2273802C1 (en) * 2004-07-12 2006-04-10 Дмитрий Витальевич Чукичев Hot-water boiler

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Inventor after: Zhu Huifen

Inventor before: Xia Tianxiang

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Effective date of registration: 20101123

Address after: 250014 Shandong Province, Lixia District of Ji'nan City Kiln Road No. 2-43

Applicant after: Zhu Huifen

Address before: 250014 Shandong Province, Lixia District of Ji'nan City Kiln Road No. 2-43

Applicant before: Xia Tianxiang

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Free format text: CORRECT: INVENTOR; FROM: XIA TIANXIANG TO: ZHU HUIFEN

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