CN107775033B - Multi-hole drilling machine capable of automatically replacing cutter - Google Patents

Multi-hole drilling machine capable of automatically replacing cutter Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107775033B
CN107775033B CN201711122341.6A CN201711122341A CN107775033B CN 107775033 B CN107775033 B CN 107775033B CN 201711122341 A CN201711122341 A CN 201711122341A CN 107775033 B CN107775033 B CN 107775033B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
cutter
transmission
machine
working platform
drilling machine
Prior art date
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Active
Application number
CN201711122341.6A
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Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN107775033A (en
Inventor
蔡维丰
程贤江
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Liuan Zhenyu Mould Co ltd
Original Assignee
Liuan Zhenyu Mould Co ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
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Publication date
Application filed by Liuan Zhenyu Mould Co ltd filed Critical Liuan Zhenyu Mould Co ltd
Priority to CN201711122341.6A priority Critical patent/CN107775033B/en
Publication of CN107775033A publication Critical patent/CN107775033A/en
Application granted granted Critical
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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23BTURNING; BORING
    • B23B39/00General-purpose boring or drilling machines or devices; Sets of boring and/or drilling machines
    • B23B39/16Drilling machines with a plurality of working-spindles; Drilling automatons
    • B23B39/161Drilling machines with a plurality of working-spindles; Drilling automatons with parallel work spindles
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q3/00Devices holding, supporting, or positioning work or tools, of a kind normally removable from the machine
    • B23Q3/155Arrangements for automatic insertion or removal of tools, e.g. combined with manual handling
    • B23Q3/157Arrangements for automatic insertion or removal of tools, e.g. combined with manual handling of rotary tools
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q3/00Devices holding, supporting, or positioning work or tools, of a kind normally removable from the machine
    • B23Q3/155Arrangements for automatic insertion or removal of tools, e.g. combined with manual handling
    • B23Q3/157Arrangements for automatic insertion or removal of tools, e.g. combined with manual handling of rotary tools
    • B23Q3/15706Arrangements for automatic insertion or removal of tools, e.g. combined with manual handling of rotary tools a single tool being inserted in a spindle directly from a storage device, i.e. without using transfer devices
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q5/00Driving or feeding mechanisms; Control arrangements therefor
    • B23Q5/22Feeding members carrying tools or work
    • B23Q5/34Feeding other members supporting tools or work, e.g. saddles, tool-slides, through mechanical transmission
    • B23Q5/38Feeding other members supporting tools or work, e.g. saddles, tool-slides, through mechanical transmission feeding continuously
    • B23Q5/40Feeding other members supporting tools or work, e.g. saddles, tool-slides, through mechanical transmission feeding continuously by feed shaft, e.g. lead screw

Abstract

The invention discloses a multi-hole drilling machine capable of automatically replacing a cutter, wherein a machine table is provided with a working platform, guide pillars are arranged on two sides of the working platform, a transmission box is arranged above the working platform, round holes are arranged on the transmission box, the transmission box is connected with the guide pillars through the round holes, two sides of the top of the transmission box are respectively connected with an electric lifting rod, the top of the electric lifting rod is connected with a slide block, the slide block is connected with a transverse slide rail, the top of the transmission box is provided with a speed reducing motor, the speed reducing motor is connected with a driven shaft through a transmission mechanism, the driven shaft is connected with a drill clamp, the drill clamp is connected with the cutter, one side of the working platform is provided with a rotating shaft in a penetrating way, the top of the rotating shaft is connected with a round turntable, the bottom of the rotating shaft is connected, a plurality of cutter grooves are formed in the circular tray, and a control panel is arranged on the end side of the machine table.

Description

Multi-hole drilling machine capable of automatically replacing cutter
Technical Field
The invention relates to a multi-hole drilling machine capable of automatically replacing a cutter, and belongs to the field of mechanical manufacturing.
Background
The multi-hole drill is machine tool equipment applied to drilling and tapping in the mechanical field; a common multi-hole drill can process several or even more than ten twenty holes or threads at one time only by being matched with a common drilling machine, and can be divided into a vertical multi-hole drill and a horizontal multi-hole drill according to the main shaft direction.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
The invention provides a multi-hole drilling machine capable of automatically replacing a cutter, which overcomes the defect that the cutter cannot be replaced in the production process of the conventional multi-hole drilling machine and improves the production efficiency of the multi-hole drilling machine.
In order to solve the technical problems, the invention adopts the following technical scheme:
the invention provides a multi-hole drilling machine capable of automatically replacing cutters, which comprises a machine table, wherein a working platform is arranged on the machine table, guide pillars are arranged on two sides of the working platform, a transmission case is arranged above the working platform, round holes are formed in the transmission case, the transmission case is connected with the guide pillars through the round holes, two sides of the top of the transmission case are respectively connected with an electric lifting rod, the top of the electric lifting rod is connected with a sliding block, the sliding block is connected with a transverse sliding rail, the transverse sliding rail is connected with the end side of the machine table through a bracket, a speed reducing motor is arranged on the top of the transmission case, the speed reducing motor is connected with a driven shaft through a transmission mechanism, the driven shaft is connected with a drill bit clamp, the drill bit clamp is connected with a cutter, a rotating shaft penetrates through the machine table on one side of the, the rotary motor is arranged below the machine table through a support, a plurality of cutter grooves are formed in the circular rotary table, the cutter grooves are circumferentially arranged around the circle center of the circular rotary table, and a control panel is arranged on the end side of the machine table.
Preferably, a transmission screw rod is arranged on the slide rail, one end of the transmission screw rod is connected with the transverse slide rail, the other end of the transmission screw rod is connected with a transmission motor, and the transmission screw rod is connected with the slide block through a nut.
Preferably, the cutter is of an integrated structure, one end of the cutter is a connecting shaft, the other end of the cutter is a drill bit, and the connecting shafts between the cutters are identical in size.
Preferably, the bottom of the drill clamp is provided with an electric gripping clamp, the drill clamp is of a hollow structure with an opening at the bottom, and the inner wall of the drill clamp is provided with a distance measuring sensor.
Preferably, the distance measuring sensor is electrically connected with the electric gripper, and the distance measuring sensor can control the electric gripper to perform closing operation.
Preferably, the rotating shaft is composed of a fixed shaft and a movable shaft, the fixed shaft is a cylinder with an opening at the top, a piston is arranged inside the fixed shaft and connected with the bottom of the movable shaft, an air hole is formed in the end side of the fixed shaft below the piston and connected with a miniature air pump through an air pipe, and the miniature air pump is arranged on the fixed shaft.
Preferably, the control panel is electrically connected with a speed reducing motor, a transmission motor, an electric lifting rod, a rotating motor, an electric gripper and a miniature air pump.
Preferably, the cutter groove is composed of an upper round hole and a lower round hole, the circle centers of the upper round hole and the lower round hole are located on the same plumb line, and the size of the upper round hole is larger than that of the lower round hole.
Preferably, the size of the upper round hole is larger than that of the connecting shaft, and the size of the lower round hole is smaller than that of the connecting shaft and larger than that of the drill bit.
Through the technical scheme, the invention has the beneficial effects that: through setting up the slide rail in circular carousel, can move the transmission case to circular carousel top, through the upward movement of pivot, install the cutter on the drill jig to realize effectively solving the problem among the background art to the automatic change of cutter.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic structural view of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic view of a bit holder configuration;
fig. 3 is a schematic view of a circular turntable.
In the figure 1, a machine; 2. a working platform; 3. a transmission case; 4. a guide post; 5. a reduction motor; 6. an electric lifting rod; 7. a circular hole; 8. a drill chuck; 9. a cutter; 10. a slider; 11. a transverse slide rail; 12. a transmission screw rod; 13. a drive motor; 14. a circular turntable; 15. a cutter groove; 16. a rotating shaft; 17. a control panel; 18. electric gripping and clamping; 19. a ranging sensor; 20. a connecting shaft; 21. a drill bit; 22. an upper circular hole; 23. a lower circular hole; 24. a fixed shaft; 25. a movable shaft; 26. a piston; 27. air holes; 28. a micro air pump; 29. a rotating electric machine.
Detailed Description
The preferred embodiments of the present invention will be described in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, and it will be understood that they are described herein for the purpose of illustration and explanation and not limitation.
According to the figure, the multi-hole drilling machine capable of automatically replacing the cutter comprises a machine table 1, wherein a working platform 2 is arranged on the machine table 1, guide pillars 4 are arranged on two sides of the working platform 2, a transmission case 3 is arranged above the working platform 2, a round hole 7 is arranged on the transmission case 3, the transmission case 3 is connected with the guide pillars 4 through the round hole 7, two sides of the top of the transmission case 3 are respectively connected with an electric lifting rod 6, the top of the electric lifting rod 6 is connected with a sliding block 10, the sliding block 10 is connected with a transverse sliding rail 11, the transverse sliding rail 11 is connected with the end side of the machine table 1 through a support, a speed reducing motor 5 is arranged on the top of the transmission case 3, the speed reducing motor 5 is connected with a drill bit clamp 8 through a transmission mechanism, the drill bit clamp 8 is connected with the cutter 9, a rotating shaft 16 penetrates through the machine table 1 on one side of the, the bottom of the rotating shaft 16 is connected with a rotating motor 29 through a coupler, the rotating motor 29 is arranged below the machine table 1 through a support, a plurality of cutter grooves 15 are formed in the circular turntable 14, the cutter grooves 15 are circumferentially arranged around the circle center of the circular turntable 14, and the side of the machine table 1 is provided with a control panel 17.
Preferably, a transmission screw rod 12 is arranged on the transverse slide rail 11, one end of the transmission screw rod 12 is connected with the transverse slide rail 11, the other end of the transmission screw rod 12 is connected with a transmission motor 13, and the transmission screw rod 12 is connected with the sliding block 10 through a nut.
Preferably, the cutter 9 is of an integrated structure, one end of the cutter 9 is a connecting shaft 20, the other end of the cutter is a drill bit 21, and the connecting shafts 20 between the cutters 9 are identical in size.
Preferably, the bottom of the drill clamp 8 is provided with an electric gripping clamp 18, the drill clamp 8 is of a hollow structure with an opening at the bottom, and the inner wall of the drill clamp 8 is provided with a distance measuring sensor 19.
Preferably, the distance measuring sensor 19 is electrically connected to the electric gripper 18, and the distance measuring sensor 19 can control the electric gripper 18 to close.
Preferably, the rotating shaft 16 is composed of a fixed shaft 24 and a movable shaft 25, the fixed shaft 24 is a cylinder with an open top, a piston 26 is arranged inside the fixed shaft 24, the piston 26 is connected with the bottom of the movable shaft 25, an air hole 27 is arranged at the end side of the fixed shaft 24 below the piston 26, the air hole 27 is connected with a micro air pump 28 through an air pipe, and the micro air pump 28 is arranged on the fixed shaft 24.
Preferably, the control panel 27 is electrically connected to the reduction motor 5, the transmission motor 13, the electric lifting rod 6, the rotating motor 29, the electric gripper 18 and the micro air pump 28.
Preferably, the cutter groove 15 is composed of an upper round hole 22 and a lower round hole 23, the circle centers of the upper round hole 22 and the lower round hole 23 are located on the same plumb line, and the size of the upper round hole 22 is larger than that of the lower round hole 3.
Preferably, the size of the upper round hole 22 is larger than that of the connecting shaft 20, and the size of the lower round hole 23 is smaller than that of the connecting shaft 20 and larger than that of the drill bit 21.
When a tool needs to be replaced, the transmission motor 13 is started through the control panel 17, the drill chuck 8 of the tool to be replaced is moved to the position right above the tool groove 15 on the circular turntable 14 under the driving of the slide block 10, then the rotating motor 29 is started, the tool groove 15 which does not carry the tool is moved to the position right below the drill chuck 8 under the driving of the rotating shaft 16, then the micro air pump 28 is started to jack up the movable shaft 25 upwards, when the tool enters the tool groove 15, the electric gripping clamp 18 is controlled to be released through the control panel 17, the tool falls into the tool groove 15, then the circular turntable 14 falls, the tool groove 15 which carries the tool to be replaced moves to the position right below the drill chuck 8, the circular turntable 14 rises, the tool is sent into the drill chuck 8, when the tool reaches the sensing area of the distance measuring sensor 19, the electric gripping clamp 18 is closed, the tool is gripped, and the circular turntable 14 falls, thus completing the operation of changing tools once.
Finally, it should be noted that: although the present invention has been described in detail with reference to the foregoing embodiments, it will be apparent to those skilled in the art that modifications and variations can be made in the embodiments or in part of the technical features of the embodiments without departing from the spirit and the scope of the invention.

Claims (6)

1. The utility model provides a but porous rig of automatic replacement cutter, includes the board, its characterized in that: the machine table is provided with a working platform, guide posts are arranged on two sides of the working platform, a transmission box is arranged above the working platform, round holes are arranged on the transmission box, the transmission box is connected with the guide posts through the round holes, two sides of the top of the transmission box are respectively connected with electric lifting rods, the tops of the electric lifting rods are connected with sliders, the sliders are connected with transverse sliding rails, the transverse sliding rails are connected with the end sides of the machine table through brackets, the tops of the transmission boxes are provided with speed reducing motors, the speed reducing motors are connected with driven shafts through transmission mechanisms, the driven shafts are connected with drill bit fixtures, the drill bit fixtures are connected with cutters, a machine table on one side of the working platform is provided with a rotating shaft in a penetrating manner, the tops of the rotating shafts are connected with a circular rotating disc, the bottoms of the rotating shafts are connected with rotating motors through couplers, the, the utility model discloses a rotary table, including cutter groove, board, fixed axle, cutter groove, the cutter groove is the circumference around the circular carousel centre of a circle and arranges, board distolateral is equipped with control panel, drill jig bottom is equipped with electronic grabs the clamp, drill jig is bottom open-ended hollow structure, be equipped with range finding sensor on the drill jig inner wall, the pivot comprises fixed axle and loose axle, the fixed axle is open-top's cylinder, the inside piston that is equipped with of fixed axle, the piston links to each other bottom the loose axle, piston below fixed axle distolateral is equipped with the gas pocket, the gas pocket passes through the trachea and links to each other with miniature air pump, miniature air pump lays on the fixed axle, the cutter groove comprises last round hole and lower round hole, it is located same.
2. The multi-hole drilling machine capable of automatically replacing the cutter according to claim 1, wherein: the sliding rail is provided with a transmission screw rod, one end of the transmission screw rod is connected with the transverse sliding rail, the other end of the transmission screw rod is connected with a transmission motor, and the transmission screw rod is connected with the sliding block through a nut.
3. The multi-hole drilling machine capable of automatically replacing the cutter according to claim 1, wherein: the cutter formula structure as an organic whole, cutter one end is the connecting axle, and the other end is the drill bit, and wherein the connecting axle size is all unanimous between the cutter.
4. The multi-hole drilling machine capable of automatically replacing the cutter according to claim 1, wherein: the electric gripping clamp is electrically connected with the ranging sensor, and the ranging sensor can control the electric gripping clamp to close.
5. The multi-hole drilling machine capable of automatically replacing the cutter according to claim 1, wherein: the control panel is electrically connected with the speed reducing motor, the transmission motor, the electric lifting rod, the rotating motor, the electric gripper and the miniature air pump.
6. The multi-hole drilling machine capable of automatically replacing the cutter according to claim 1, wherein: the size of the upper round hole is larger than that of the connecting shaft, and the size of the lower round hole is smaller than that of the connecting shaft and larger than that of the drill bit.
CN201711122341.6A 2017-11-14 2017-11-14 Multi-hole drilling machine capable of automatically replacing cutter Active CN107775033B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201711122341.6A CN107775033B (en) 2017-11-14 2017-11-14 Multi-hole drilling machine capable of automatically replacing cutter

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201711122341.6A CN107775033B (en) 2017-11-14 2017-11-14 Multi-hole drilling machine capable of automatically replacing cutter

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CN107775033A CN107775033A (en) 2018-03-09
CN107775033B true CN107775033B (en) 2020-06-19

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Families Citing this family (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111421340B (en) * 2020-04-27 2021-04-20 巧力电机有限公司 Drilling and tapping equipment for machining motor shell
CN112916892A (en) * 2021-01-29 2021-06-08 宁波金日机床有限公司 Machine tool manufacturing equipment for replacing drill bit conveniently and collecting scrap iron
CN113638695B (en) * 2021-10-14 2022-03-08 东营金昱技术开发有限公司 Drilling equipment for oil development with protection processing function

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4041588A (en) * 1974-07-11 1977-08-16 Friedrich Deckel Aktiengesellschaft Machine tool provided with a tool magazine
CN101815597A (en) * 2007-09-17 2010-08-25 格林技术有限公司 Device for fine machining workpieces
CN101982269A (en) * 2010-11-05 2011-03-02 林颖 Multi-head numerical control drilling machine
CN102039434A (en) * 2010-12-18 2011-05-04 林颖 Automatic drill machine and processing technology thereof
CN105798351A (en) * 2016-05-20 2016-07-27 湖州科达化工燃料有限公司 Improved four-head drilling machine

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4041588A (en) * 1974-07-11 1977-08-16 Friedrich Deckel Aktiengesellschaft Machine tool provided with a tool magazine
CN101815597A (en) * 2007-09-17 2010-08-25 格林技术有限公司 Device for fine machining workpieces
CN101982269A (en) * 2010-11-05 2011-03-02 林颖 Multi-head numerical control drilling machine
CN102039434A (en) * 2010-12-18 2011-05-04 林颖 Automatic drill machine and processing technology thereof
CN105798351A (en) * 2016-05-20 2016-07-27 湖州科达化工燃料有限公司 Improved four-head drilling machine

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