CN107750577A - Has the gardens machine of lithium battery status display unit circuit - Google Patents

Has the gardens machine of lithium battery status display unit circuit Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107750577A
CN107750577A CN201710951458.9A CN201710951458A CN107750577A CN 107750577 A CN107750577 A CN 107750577A CN 201710951458 A CN201710951458 A CN 201710951458A CN 107750577 A CN107750577 A CN 107750577A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
battery
voltage
temperature
control unit
circuit
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CN201710951458.9A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
苏克
叶晓波
黄爱民
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宁波大叶园林设备股份有限公司
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Priority to CN201710951458.9A priority Critical patent/CN107750577A/en
Publication of CN107750577A publication Critical patent/CN107750577A/en

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Abstract

Have the gardens machine of lithium battery status display unit circuit, its display unit containing battery status:Be used as display device by four LEDs, by combinations of states, can correctly show battery voltage, electricity, temperature and battery whether unusual condition etc., the working condition residing for battery can be judged accordingly, it is very clear.Supply lithium cell charging voltage multi resonant superimposed voltage rather than the DC charging of traditional constant pressure and flow, its be as the rectified voltage of lithium battery charging circuit and as caused by the multi resonant superimposed voltage element circuit mixed by the pulse voltage that astatic multivibrator is drawn multi resonant superimposed voltage as the hole of the storage electric charge of the inside by lithium battery of multiple spot acupuncture formula is charged;Pulse voltage is 99 volts, and pulse frequency is 99 kilo hertzs;The differential circuit being made up of between commutating voltage and pulse voltage the electric capacity and bypass resistance connected mutually is arranged in pairs or groups.

Description

Has the gardens machine of lithium battery status display unit circuit
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of electronic beat the grass to be cut the grass on a lawn for places such as flower bed, garden, park and road sides to cut Filling machine, the improvement of especially a kind of dual-purpose machine of low vibration, the expansion link of main frame middle and upper part mobile jib adjustable length is included, turns 180 Runing rest is spent, and circuit adds insurance, the dynamic foamed plastics of the additional vibration damping of motor, double acting switch positions the improvement slided, and Improve motors degree and have the gardens machine of lithium battery status display unit circuit.
Background technology
Grass-mowing machine is widely used in mowing in the way of selected by the hobby of people.Some operation pedestrians like and practised During usual grass-mowing machine, when particularly running into corner place, the rotation knob at middle part is pressed, then turns over mobile jib 180 degree, hand is decontroled, leans on Spring reset, it can both work;But mobile jib often the positioning when do not live surely, it is micro to wave.It is different to operate the height of pedestrian, And custom takes the difference of operating angle, it is necessary to mobile jib adjustable length, and the round type bar riveting of original positioning mobile jib Mechanism, leave and easily cause the micro shortcoming rocked of mobile jib.Primary circuit lack overloading protection, if plus insurance or overtemperature relay, it will more Safety.The positioning of double acting switch and the good teamwork for sliding push button, also there is the necessity further optimized;The low vibration of low vibration machine Property and low noise, consider the additional vibration damping of motor move foamed plastics and grass-mowing machine many places plus-minus shake deadener;And shake Dynamic and noise very big root power and instrument precision and form and position tolerance, to dual-purpose, to safety high-power charging use And survey dynamic balancing and precision modulding part, laser sight frock to seek low vibration low noise, are in fact one and leave for a long time Hard nut to crack.
The content of the invention
In order to make up the shortcoming caused by the existing mechanism of grass-mowing machine, rotation knob is still positioned after mobile jib turns over 180 degree can Lean on and it is not micro wave, circuit is had overloading security protection, improved low vibration and low noise, the present invention provide safety High-power charging and the dual-purpose brush cutter of beating the grass of the tool lithium battery multi resonant superimposed voltage element circuit used.
The present invention solves the technical scheme taken of its technical problem and method:
A kind of improvement of low vibration grass-mowing machine, the improvement handle assembly that the positioning containing double acting switch comprising grass-mowing machine is slided, The expansion link assembly of middle and upper part mobile jib adjustable length, the runing rest assembly of turnback, motor assembly, base containing line box Beat the grass assembly, attachment component, and circuit of flake down add insurance safety circuit, the additional foamed plastics of motor subtract vibration arrangement and The many places plus-minus shake deadener of grass-mowing machine, and the improvement for line of beating the grass, and improve motor and line box base axiality and survey dynamic The existing precision modulding part of balance has laser to sight frock and tool lithium battery multi resonant superimposed voltage composite portfolio element circuit again Charging grass-mowing machine.
A kind of described low vibration grass-mowing machine, it is the improvement hand that assembling successively is slided comprising double acting switch positioning from top to bottom Handle assembly, the expansion link assembly of middle and upper part mobile jib adjustable length and the runing rest assembly of turnback, and motor assembly Assembly is beaten the grass with the flake down of the base containing line box and is combined into grass-mowing machine;Its attachment component is brace glasses and standby;Grass-mowing machine Circuit forms safety circuit, the additional foamed plastics of motor and subtracting in many places of grass-mowing machine plus-minus shake deadener added with insurance Vibration arrangement, and improve motor and line box base axiality and the dynamically balanced existing precision modulding part of survey has laser to sight again The improved method of frock.
A kind of improvement of described low vibration grass-mowing machine, the improvement handle assembly that its positioning containing double acting switch is slided, by electricity Source line (1), cable cover(ing) (2), handle upper casing (3-1), handle lower shell (3-2), switch trigger (4), switch trigger spring (5), Terminal board (6), cable (7-1) is inscribed, inductance (7-2), self-tapping screw (8), tension disc (9), switchs (10), safe push button (11), safe push button spring (12) is formed;It is characterized in that:Described handle upper casing (3-1) and handle lower shell (3-2) is one left One right side is combined into handle, and it is all provided with wire-hanging hook (3-2a), and crosses line breach (3-2b), so that power line (1) is from described mistake Line breach, which folds, to be passed through, then is hung on described wire-hanging hook, in order to which line is not easy to pull;Described switch is housed on handle Trigger (4), switch trigger spring (5), terminal board (6), cable (7-1), inductance (7-2), self-tapping screw (8), line ball is inscribed Plate (9), switch (10), safe push button (11), safe push button spring (12), cable cover(ing) (2);Described switch trigger (4) and Described safe push button (11) is equipped with projecting block in place and collided, and refer to figure (11);It is only safe when promoting Push button (11) and compressing secure push button spring (12), before making the projecting block that described safe push button (11) is provided with place When moving without colliding, described switch trigger (4) can be just pressed, and described switch (10) is touched by switch trigger, can just be connect Logical grass-mowing machine motor circuit, the purpose is to avoid neglectful malfunction.It is described when unclamping described switch trigger (4) Switch trigger spring (5) make its return, then described safe push button spring (12) promotes described safe push button (11) to return Position;Described switch (10) also return, is DPDT normal off open state, so that the power-off of grass-mowing machine motor is without working;It is this The design of double-pole double break, make grass-mowing machine motor not charged, also beneficial to what safety.Described cable cover(ing) (2) is soft pvc, to institute The inscribed cable (7-1) stated also has protective effect.Assembly method has a little it is noted that playing self-tapping screw (8) with calmly The pneumatic screw of moment of torsion batch or electric screwdriver, so that moment of torsion is rationally uniform.
A kind of improvement of described low vibration grass-mowing machine, the expansion link assembly of its adjustable length of mobile jib containing middle and upper part, by Telescopic tube assembly (13) containing flexible button and snap-on, pipe close (13-1), electric capacity (13-2), telescopic tube (13-3), spring electricity Cable (13-4), runing rest (13-5), pipe end positioning plug (13-6), tapping screw (13-7), rotary knob spring (14) Formed;It is characterized in that:The upper end of the described telescopic tube assembly (13) containing flexible button and snap-on is equipped with described pipe close (13-1), and be fixed on the handle attached together by described handle upper casing (3-1) and the first from left right side of handle lower shell (3-2) one;It is described Telescopic tube assembly (13) internal activity containing flexible button and snap-on described telescopic tube (13-3) is housed;Can in described Described electric capacity (13-2) and spring cable line (13-4) are placed with inside telescoping tube (13-3);In described telescopic tube (13-3) Bottom described runing rest (13-5) is housed, pipe end positioning plug (13-6), tapping screw (13-7) and rotary knob bullet Spring (14);The outside of the described telescopic tube assembly (13) containing flexible button and snap-on is provided with axial long recess, can to install The assist handle (16) and assist handle support (17) of position are allocated vertically;Described telescopic tube (13-3), refer to figure (14) elongated slot (13-3b) vertically, and multiple such as 12 gears (13-3c), are which is provided with, to be stretched with described containing The telescopic tube assembly of button and snap-on (13) matches;Push and set on the described telescopic tube assembly (13) containing flexible button and snap-on The flexible button and snap-on (13-3d) having, carry out optional gear with regard to that can pull out into the telescopic tube (13-3) described in extraction, be transferred to operation The grass-mowing machine working depth that person is liked.
A kind of improvement of described low vibration grass-mowing machine, its runing rest assembly containing turnback, comprising two concepts, One is to turn the runing rest assembly of grass-mowing machine bottom 180 degree by described runing rest (13-5), another be make it is auxiliary The assist handle bracket assembly of assistant's handle turnback.Described assist handle bracket assembly, by hex nut (15-1), knob (15-2), assist handle (16), assist handle support (17), hexagon-headed bolt (18) are formed;It is characterized in that:Described auxiliary Handle bracket (17) active card is mounted in the outside of the telescopic tube assembly (13) containing flexible button and snap-on, and with setting thereon The axial long recess having matches, and on described assist handle support (17), Fig. 2 and Figure 16 is refer to, equipped with hex nut (15-1), knob (15-2), assist handle (16), elastic knob (15-2), you can allocate assist handle (16) and auxiliary vertically Handle bracket (17) is helped to position smoothly.And described the rotation of grass-mowing machine bottom 180 degree is turned by runing rest (13-5) Turn bracket assembly, it is characterized in that:Be by described runing rest (13-5) come what is formed a connecting link, i.e., on hold telescoping tube, under open beat Careless machine lower casing, refer to Figure 12 and Figure 13;Described runing rest is housed in the bottom of described telescopic tube (13-3) (13-5), pipe end positioning plug (13-6), tapping screw (13-7) and rotary knob spring (14), and Fig. 3, Fig. 4 and Fig. 5; The described runing rest assembly containing turnback, in addition to protective cover (19), protection steel wire (20), compress piece (21), self tapping spiral shell Follow closely (22), foaming ring (23), and its motor chassis upper casing (30-1) of connection, motor chassis lower casing (30-2), rotation knob (31); Described runing rest (13-5) is provided with the macropore (13-5a) of Long Circle, is additionally provided with limited block (13-5b), is stretched to load The draw;Runing rest (13-5) is engaged in motor chassis, and with rotation knob (31);When pressing rotation knob (31), make The limited block (13-5b) of runing rest (13-5) moves down, then described telescopic tube (13-3) can be gone into 180 degree;Work as release When rotating knob (31), rotary knob spring (14) moves up runing rest (13-5) limited block (13-5b), then can still block and stretch The draw (13-3), because in telescoping tube (13-3) end, provided with square through hole, with limited block (13-5b), referring to Figure 14.
A kind of improvement of described low vibration grass-mowing machine, it contains motor assembly, by electric machine assembly (24), motor (24- 1), support pipe sleeve (24-2), line box base (24-3), hex nut (24-4), safety cap (24-5) are formed;Described one kind The improvement of low vibration grass-mowing machine, the flake down of its base containing line box are beaten the grass assembly, by solenoid component (25), reel spring (25- 1), machine tooth screw (25-2), reel (25-3), nylon wire (25-4), reel aluminium head (25-5), line eye inserted sheet (25-6), Line box cover (25-7), the line bag cell-shell (25-8) with cell-shell labeling, blade (27), machine tooth screw (28), hex nut (29) Formed;A kind of improvement of described low vibration grass-mowing machine, it is containing motor chassis housing assy up and down, by lower casing group on motor chassis Part (30), motor chassis upper casing (30-1), motor chassis lower casing (30-2), rotation knob (31), and the additional foamed material of motor (30-3) is formed;A kind of improvement of described low vibration grass-mowing machine, it contains attachment component, by safety goggles (32), shoulder belt (33), standby nylon wire (34), extended line (35) are formed.
The present invention provides a kind of improved safety circuit added with insurance protection of low vibration grass-mowing machine.Described is a kind of low The improvement of vibration lawn mower, it contains the safety circuit added with insurance protection, referring to the circuit diagram as shown in figure (21), by protecting Danger (RC), switch (K), inductance (L3), inductance (L4), electric capacity (C), and the series excited machine provided with winding (L1) and winding (L2) (M) formed;Inductance (L3) and inductance (L4) in described circuit diagram, inductance (7-2) of the equal Mining as shown in figure (18);This Specially added with insurance (RC), it uses fuse for invention, or with electrothermal relay, or with overcurrent protector, in the hope of safer.
A kind of improvement of described low vibration grass-mowing machine, its additional foamed material containing motor subtract vibration arrangement, are this hairs Bright major contribution, it is inside and outside motor chassis upper casing (30-1) and motor chassis lower casing (30-2) and outside motor, added with damping With deadener (30-3), meanwhile, in motor chassis upper casing (30-1) and motor chassis lower casing (30-2) and motor close to beating The appropriate location of careless assembly, such as scheme shown in (20), install shock-absorbing and noise-eliminating material (30-3) additional.Described material (30-3), or with resistance to The metallic fiber of temperature, or nonmetallic materials, filling or half filling.Or the sound-absorbing material particularly porous sound absorption material with resistance to medium temperature Material, or flexible material, and film material;Described porous material can be fiber-like, foam class, and particulate species are alone good or more Or few mixing is using good.Usable fibers class such as rock wool, or glass fiber, or mineral wool particularly super glass wool;Or use foam Class, fireproof;Or with particulate species such as expanded perlite, porous clay brick, and the fabric of heatproof, felt is filled or attached;By It is different in the acoustic absorptivity (standing-wave-tube method acoustic absorptivity, reverberation method acoustic absorptivity) of each material, incident angle to acoustic absorptivity also Have an impact, some is preferable to high frequency sound absorption, and some is preferable to Low Frequency Sound Absorption, and multiple material has the efficiency of complementation, vibration wave And noise is reflected, convert, absorb, decay, therefore be advantageous to further improved performance index, described shock-absorbing and noise-eliminating material, also The many places such as protective cover (19) of grass-mowing machine, runing rest assembly can be added in, and integrates composition one kind and can reach effectiveness in vibration suppression and have and change Good, noise reduction has improved low vibration grass-mowing machine.
A kind of improved another item important offer of the present invention to low vibration grass-mowing machine, it is accurate to improve manufacture and assembling The method containing laser of degree, improves motor and line box base axiality and the dynamically balanced existing precision modulding part of survey have again it is sharp The improved method of the quasi- frock of illumination.First, the requirement to form and position tolerance is improved from layout design, such as to motor and line box The requirement of base axiality, motor and the line box base magnitude of interference are also increased, then pressed with reinforcing frock clamp;Moreover use number Control CNC machining centers prepare precision die, and plastic such as line box base is post-processed, and its main method is to use high-temperature vapour Method, preferably steam enough more than three hours, be unlikely to deform and lose shape in the hope of plastic part size;Secondly, it is same to improve motor and line box base Axle degree, during assembling, there is the frock press that laser sights using the calibration motor as shown in figure (22) and line box base axiality. Described has the frock that laser is sighted, and by press (41), laser sights head (42), motor locating piece (44), 2 middle cylinders (43), line box base locating piece (46), small cylinder (45) and small cylinder (47), and laser sight head (48), and laser sights head (49) and laser sights head (50) and workpiece motor (24-1) and line box base (24-3) is collectively constituted;It is characterized in that:It is described Press (41) top, head (42) is sighted provided with laser, to sight electrical axis;The middle part of described press (41), if There is around each one motor locating piece (44), and be servo-actuated respectively by one of 2 middle cylinders (43);The downside of described press (41) Portion, the line box base locating piece (46) provided with left and right each one, and it is servo-actuated by small cylinder (45) and small cylinder (47) respectively, it is described Head (50), the position of the alignment line box base locating piece of both sides, provided with a left side are sighted in the leave from office portion of press (41), center provided with laser The laser on the right side each one sights head (48) and laser sights head (49);As an improvement, described locating piece (46) and locating piece (44) Or provided with pressure sensor, each laser sights head and the signal parameter of each locating piece and pressure sensor by CNC processing or difference Signal performs through nozzle flapper follower.Motor and line box base axiality it is calibrated and with this frock press after, and through batch Dynamic balancing amendment is surveyed in amount sampling can go up producing line, and last complete machine, which will also sample, surveys dynamic balancing, in the hope of being aided with many places shock-absorbing and noise-eliminating material Material, and integrating composition one kind has improved low vibration grass-mowing machine.Grass-mowing machine and brush cutter and hay mover are referred to as gardens machine.
A kind of improved another item important offer of the present invention to low vibration grass-mowing machine, it is for line changing in itself of beating the grass Enter.Sometimes when operator has found that projection will stretch out line in pressing, but often there is the phenomenon that nylon wire blocks.Its main cause it First, in addition to being designed with and want improvements of runner, the reason for also one important be line in itself.Because existing line, including circle Line and square or lineae trapezoidea, all there is card line phenomenon once in a while.Line that is particularly square or diamond-shaped cross-section and twisting into screw thread sample, although There is certain noise-decreasing when high speed rotates, therefore also referred to as special-shaped low-noise line, but because of its square or rhombus point The stupefied side of profit, cause going out to strangle on linear window and having ground narrow groove for runner sheath, so as to cause to occur the phenomenon that nylon wire blocks; The present invention provides a kind of nylon outlet of the improvement of grass-mowing machine, alternatively referred to as grass-mowing machine abnormity non-symmetric line.
Have the gardens machine of lithium battery status display unit circuit,
It contains single chip control unit:By the way of reserve battery protection chip combines with single chip control unit, make Circuit stability is reliable, ensure battery under various conditions can normal work, the single chip control unit is as operation control Center, is responsible for the analog signal of the various guarantee normal battery operations of sampling, and is converted to the data signal needed for control, error Small, precision is high, chip strong antijamming capability, simplifies hardware circuit design and reduces the ineffectiveness high phenomenon of hardware circuit;Its Containing voltage transformation module:By battery bag voltage step-down by way of pulse width modulation (PWM), electricity is provided to linear regulator chip Pressure, ensures that voltage stabilizing chip is operated in the range of safe voltage, electric circuit characteristic:PWM is depressured, and is reduced power, is cancelled powerful drop Piezoresistance, conversion efficiency is improved, and reduce related elements heating;Its circuit conversion principle:When Q33 triode ONs, battery Wrap total positive voltage BAT+ and the total negative terminal of battery is again returned to by triode Q33, inductance L1, electric capacity EC2, form charge circuit, BAT + after inductance partial pressure, charged to electric capacity EC2, to maintain load end VDD5V electric quantity consumption, while L1 is in energy storage State, during charging, EC2 capacitance voltages are gradually increasing, and when voltage rises to Z9 voltage-regulator diode breakdown voltages, Z9 is led It is logical, Vbe conducting voltages are provided to Q36, Q36 saturation conductions, so as to drag down triode Q35 base voltages, cause Q35 by conducting shape State is switched to cut-off state, and before Q35 cut-offs, Q33 Vbe magnitudes of voltage are:
Vbe=VBAT+*R114/ (R114+R116)
This magnitude of voltage is more than Q33 on state threshold voltage, ensures Q33 conductings, after Q35 cut-offs, Q33 Vbe=0, Q33 are cut Only, battery always passes through inductance L1 and EC2 electric capacity is charged and terminated to the stage of VDD5V power supplies;When Q33 triodes turn off, From triode to inductance L1 charge circuit disconnect, the principle that can not be mutated according to L inductive currents, for maintain the sense of current and Size is constant, and for the direction transformation of the induced electromotive force of inductance to be right positive left negative, inductance is in the state to release energy, current channel For:Electric current flows to electric capacity EC2 from L1, gives EC2 chargings, for the electricity for maintaining load end VDD5V to be consumed, then from crossing GND ends The negative terminal of inductance induced electromotive force is returned by sustained diode 10, D11;It contains charging control unit:Filled in battery bag When electric stagnation pressure overvoltage, single-unit battery core, charging excessively stream, excess temperature or charger occur abnormal, single chip control unit is by controlling this Element circuit, charge tunnel is turned off, ensure charging safety;Under battery bag normal charging condition, single chip control unit output High level CHG_CTR signals by being added in Q26G poles after R162, R161 partial pressure, Q26 FET metal-oxide-semiconductor conducting, ignore D, S side pressures drop, and the electric current IQ flowed through from MOS1, MOS2 S ends by resistance R159, R160 is:
IQ=VPACK/ (R159+R160), then the voltage at resistance R159 both ends be:VR159=IQ*R159
This voltage is MOS G, S terminal voltage, and magnitude of voltage is less than threshold voltage VGS, turns on MOS1, MOS2, is entered Charged state;Z11 voltage-stabiliser tubes are connected in parallel on PMOS G, S end, and when exception, which occurs, in circuit causes G, S end too high, Z11 voltage-stabiliser tubes move Make, by G, S terminal voltage clamper in 16V safe operating voltage range, avoid pipe breakdown;Charge or put in battery bag When, instantaneous pressure caused by charger or motor work is superimposed upon MOS1, MOS2 D, S end, punctures MOS, causes battery bag work( It can fail, C98, C99 electric capacity are connected in parallel on MOS1, MOS2 D, S end respectively, and passage, protection MOS work peaces are provided for instantaneous pressure Entirely;Z18, Z12 are ESD electrostatic protection elements, absorb in machine system work and scurry into the instantaneous pressure energy in battery, protect field Electronic component safety in effect pipe MOS and battery bag;
In battery bag charging process, battery core overvoltage, excess temperature or battery bag stagnation pressure are detected higher than setting in protection chip During voltage, CHR_CTR network signals are set to low level by battery bag control chip single chip control unit, and triode Q26 is by leading Logical state is switched to cut-off state, and now MOS1, MOS1 VGS voltages are zero, less than metal-oxide-semiconductor conducting voltage VTH, forces two Metal-oxide-semiconductor turns off, and stops charging, to ensure battery bag charging safety;It contains cell voltage detection unit:Filled when battery bag is in When electricity, charge condition, single chip control unit can detect battery bag voltage in real time, to protect battery bag to be operated in normal condition, Concrete operating principle is as follows:When single chip control unit is by detecting the analog signal of R155, R156 partial pressure battery bag stagnation pressure Value is proportional to voltage bag total voltage, and obtained analog signal is passed through into analog-to-digital conversion, set by single chip control unit Threshold value compares, and performs corresponding action according to comparing, and wherein C80 filters out the interference signal of the pressures of R156 two, so as to single-chip microcomputer The accurate sampling battery voltage signal of control unit;If the magnitude of voltage that single chip control unit samples is higher than set charging electricity Threshold value is pressed, then illustrates overvoltage condition at battery bag, now single chip control unit can put charge control CHR_CTR network signals For low level, forcibly stop battery bag charging;If the magnitude of voltage that single chip control unit samples fills less than set Piezoelectric voltage threshold value, then illustrate that battery is in under-voltage condition, now single chip control unit can be communicatively by battery undervoltage Signal is sent to discharge controller, stops battery bag electric discharge;When battery bag in a dormant state when, single chip control unit will BAT_AD_CTR network signals are set to low level, and Q25MOS pipes switch to cut-off state by conducting state, prevent battery bag from passing through Sampling resistor discharges, and reduces kwh loss during battery bag idle condition;Its temperature detecting unit containing battery core:Battery bag is charging Or during electric discharge work, operating current is very big, battery core temperature rises, to make the battery core within the scope of suitable temperature work, the design In employ temperature sensing circuit;Temperature detecting function is the simulation based on the reaction cell temperature information inputted from battery pack Signal monitors battery temperature, and single chip control unit is converted to the analog signal sampled by internal analog to digital conversion circuit The data signal that single chip control unit can identify, specifically, magnitude of voltage and the low temperature threshold of comparative cell temperature detection signal Value and high temperature threshold value, also, in the magnitude of voltage of battery temperature detection signal situation bigger than low temperature threshold or smaller than high temperature threshold value Under, the temperature for being judged as battery is abnormality;The thermal resistor used is heat of the temperature with resistance value relation for negative characteristic Sensitive resistor, temperature is higher, and the resistance value of temperature-sensitive is smaller, then the voltage for the battery temperature signal that single chip control unit detects It is worth smaller, therefore, when battery temperature signal magnitude of voltage is bigger than the low temperature threshold that single chip control unit is set, illustrates battery temperature Degree is less than the temperature value set, it is meant that battery temperature is low temperature, and battery temperature abnormal signal is set to by single chip control unit High level, on the contrary, when the value of battery temperature detection signal is smaller than high temperature threshold value, then mean that battery is in the condition of high temperature, Battery temperature abnormal signal is set to high level by single chip control unit;Other single chip control units are receiving battery in system During the battery temperature abnormal information that the single chip control unit of bag is sent, battery bag charge or discharge control is set forcibly to stop Only;When single chip control unit is by detecting R179, NTC1;The battery temperature analog signal that R156, NTC2 partial pressure obtain, and will Obtained analog signal passes through analog to digital conversion circuit, is converted to the data signal that single chip control unit can identify, with single-chip microcomputer Threshold value set by control unit compares, when the temperature value detected higher than low temperature threshold or less than high temperature threshold value or when, all The temperature for being judged as battery is abnormality, and single chip control unit makes battery bag be stopped by control signal, wherein, C82, C94 filter out the interference signal at NTC1, NTC2 both ends respectively, so as to the accurate sampling battery temperature letter of single chip control unit Number;The design employs two-way temperature monitoring circuit, and the operating temperature situation of each battery is detected according to the temperature difference of each battery core; Its display unit containing battery status:It is used as display device by four LEDs, by combinations of states, can correctly shows battery Voltage, electricity, temperature and battery whether unusual condition etc., judge the working condition residing for battery accordingly;Tool lithium battery state shows Show the gardens machine of element circuit, it is characterised in that supply lithium cell charging voltage multi resonant superimposed voltage rather than traditional perseverance The DC charging of constant current is pressed, it is by the rectified voltage of lithium battery charging circuit and the self-excitation by being originally intended to spark-erosion machine tool Multi resonant superimposed voltage caused by multi resonant superimposed voltage element circuit mixed by the pulse voltage that multivibrator is drawn is such as Charged with the hole of the storage electric charge of the inside by lithium battery of multiple spot acupuncture formula;Described astatic multivibrator is drawn The pulse voltage gone out is 90 volts, and pulse frequency is 90 kilo hertzs;By connecting between the voltage of the rectification and the pulse voltage Electric capacity is connected with the differential circuit that bypass resistance is formed;The gardens of the tool lithium battery electric core temperature detecting unit circuit Machine, its temperature detecting unit containing battery core:For battery bag when charge or discharge work, operating current is very big, and battery core temperature rises, and is The battery core within the scope of suitable temperature is worked, temperature sensing circuit is employed in the design;Temperature detecting function be based on from The analog signal of the reaction cell temperature information inputted in battery pack monitors battery temperature, and single chip control unit will sample Analog signal the data signal that single chip control unit can identify, comparative cell temperature are converted to by internal analog to digital conversion circuit The magnitude of voltage and low temperature threshold and high temperature threshold value of detection signal are spent, also, compares low temperature in the magnitude of voltage of battery temperature detection signal In the case that threshold value is big or smaller than high temperature threshold value, the temperature for being judged as battery is abnormality;The temperature-sensitive electricity used in the design Resistance device is temperature and the thermal resistor that resistance value relation is negative characteristic, and temperature is higher, and the resistance value of temperature-sensitive is smaller, then single-chip microcomputer The magnitude of voltage for the battery temperature signal that control unit detects is smaller, therefore, when battery temperature signal magnitude of voltage is than single-chip microcomputer control When the low temperature threshold of unit setting processed is big, illustrate battery temperature less than the temperature value set, it is meant that battery temperature is low temperature, single Battery temperature abnormal signal is set to high level by piece machine control unit;On the contrary, when the value of battery temperature detection signal compares high temperature Threshold value hour, then mean that battery is in the condition of high temperature, battery temperature abnormal signal is set to high level by single chip control unit; In system other single chip control units receive battery bag single chip control unit send battery temperature abnormal information when, Battery bag charge or discharge control is set forcibly to stop;Concrete operating principle is as follows:When single chip control unit passes through detection R179、NTC1;The battery temperature analog signal that R156, NTC2 partial pressure obtain, and obtained analog signal is passed through into analog-to-digital conversion Circuit, the data signal that single chip control unit can identify is converted to, compared with the threshold value set by single chip control unit, When the temperature value detected higher than low temperature threshold or less than high temperature threshold value or when, the temperature for being all judged as battery is abnormality, Single chip control unit makes battery bag be stopped by control signal, wherein, C82, C94 filter out NTC1, NTC2 both ends respectively Interference signal, so as to the accurate sampling battery temperature signal of single chip control unit;Because of the temperature of each battery core of battery in real work Degree can be variant, and the design employs the operating temperature situation of two-way temperature monitoring circuit, as far as possible each battery of actual monitored.
Usefulness:The gardens machine of the tool lithium battery status display unit circuit, is used as display device by four LEDs Combinations of states, can correctly show whether voltage, electricity, temperature and the battery of battery abnormal, effect is self-evident.
Brief description of the drawings
The present invention is further described with reference to the accompanying drawings and examples.
Fig. 1 is the schematic diagram of complete machine.
Fig. 2 is the exploded perspective view of handle and assist handle.
Fig. 3 is the exploded perspective view of the expansion link assembly of the mobile jib adjustable length of the present invention.
Fig. 4 is the exploded perspective view of motor chassis.
Fig. 5 is the exploded perspective view of the flake down cutting assembly of motor assembly and the base containing line box.
Fig. 6 is the schematic diagram of safety goggles (32).
Fig. 7 is the schematic diagram of shoulder belt (33).
Fig. 8 is the schematic diagram of standby nylon wire (34).
Fig. 9 is the schematic diagram of extended line (35).
Figure 10 is the schematic diagram of line bag cell-shell (25-8).
Figure 11 is the schematic diagram of switch in handle.
Figure 12 is the partial schematic diagram of runing rest assembly.
Figure 13 is the schematic diagram of runing rest.
Figure 14 is telescopic tube (13-3) schematic diagram.
Figure 15 is the partial schematic diagram for installing power line (1) and cable cover(ing) (2).
Figure 16 is the schematic diagram of assist handle bracket assembly.
Figure 17 is the schematic diagram that motor is mounted in casing internal.
Figure 18 is the schematic diagram of inductance.
Figure 19 is the schematic diagram of line eye inserted sheet (25-6).
Figure 20 is the motor chassis inside and outside schematic diagram for adding shock-absorbing and noise-eliminating material (30-3).
Figure 21 is the safety circuit added with insurance protection.
Figure 22 is the schematic diagram for having laser to sight frock.
Figure 23 is the schematic diagram of grass-mowing machine abnormity non-symmetric line.
Figure 24 is the close-up schematic view of grass-mowing machine abnormity non-symmetric line.
Figure 25 is the schematic diagram of single chip control unit.
Figure 26 is the schematic diagram of voltage transformation module.
Figure 27 is the schematic diagram of charging control unit.
Figure 28 is the schematic diagram of cell voltage detection unit.
Figure 29 is the schematic diagram of battery core temperature detecting unit.
Figure 30 is the schematic diagram of battery status display unit.
As shown in Fig. 1-Figure 24, in figure:
1. it is power line (1);
2. it is cable cover(ing) (2);
3-1. is handle upper casing (3-1);
3-2. is handle lower shell (3-2);
3-2a. is wire-hanging hook (3-2a);
3-2b. was line breach (3-2b);
4. it is switch trigger (4);
5. it is switch trigger spring (5);
6. it is terminal board (6);
7-1. is inscribed cable (7-1);
7-2. is inductance (7-2);
8. it is self-tapping screw (8);
9. it is tension disc (9);
10. it is switch (10);
11. it is safe push button (11);
12. it is safe push button spring (12);
13. it is the telescopic tube assembly (13) containing flexible button and snap-on;
13-1. is pipe close (13-1);
13-2. is electric capacity (13-2);
13-3. is telescopic tube (13-3);
13-4. is spring cable line (13-4);
13-5. is runing rest (13-5);
13-5a. is the macropore (13-5a) of Long Circle;
13-5b is limited block (13-5b);
13-6. is pipe end positioning plug (13-6);
13-7. is tapping screw (13-7);
14. it is rotary knob spring (14);
15-1. is hex nut (15-1);
15-2. it is knob (15-2);
16. it is assist handle (16);
17. it is assist handle support (17);
18. it is hexagon-headed bolt (18);
19. it is protective cover (19);
20. it is protection steel wire (20);
21. it is to compress piece (21);
22. it is tapping screw (22);
23. it is foaming ring (23);
24. it is electric machine assembly (24);
24-1. is motor (24-1);
24-2. is support pipe sleeve (24-2);
24-3. is line box base (24-3);
24-4. is hex nut (24-4);
24-5. is safety cap (24-5);
25. it is solenoid component (25);
25-1. is reel spring (25-1);
25-2. is machine tooth screw (25-2);
25-3. is reel (25-3);
25-4. is nylon wire (25-4);
25-5. is reel aluminium head (25-5);
25-6. is line eye inserted sheet (25-6);
25-7. is line box cover (25-7);
25-8. is the line bag cell-shell (25-8) with cell-shell labeling;
26. it is blade sleeve (26);
27. it is blade (27);
28. it is machine tooth screw (28);
29. it is hex nut (29);
30. it is motor chassis shell component (30) up and down;
30-1. is motor chassis upper casing (30-1);
30-2. is motor chassis lower casing (30-2);
30-3. is silencing vibration-damping foamed material (30-3);
31. it is rotation knob (31);
32. it is safety goggles (32);
33. it is shoulder belt (33);
34. it is standby nylon wire (34);
35. it is extended line (35);
RC. it is insurance (RC);
K. it is switch (K);
L3. it is inductance (L3);
L4. it is inductance (L4);
C. it is electric capacity (C);
L1. it is winding (L1);
L2. it is winding (L2);
M. it is series excited machine (M);
Embodiment
Pedestrian is by liking and be accustomed to selecting grass-mowing machine for operation, wears safety goggles 32, is also enclosed on shoulder with shoulder belt 33 Upper and handle middle part, and careless condition route selection is pressed, or standby nylon wire 34 is taken, to beat the grass;Power supply and electricity are connected with extended line 35 Source line 1, then the height by operation pedestrian, and custom take the difference of operating angle, adjust telescopic tube 13-3 length, And power line 1 is passed through from described line breach 3-2b foldings of crossing, then hang over wire-hanging hook on described wire-hanging hook;Hold on the other hand auxiliary Assistant's handle 16, the other hand handle handle, and push safe push button 11 open and hold described switch trigger 4, just drive motor and beat Careless line, or with standby nylon wire 34, come operation of beating the grass.
It is explained in detail again below:
Because a kind of improvement of described low vibration grass-mowing machine, the improvement handle assembly of its positioning slip containing double acting switch, By power line 1, cable cover(ing) 2, handle upper casing 3-1, handle lower shell 3-2 switch trigger 4, switch trigger spring 5, terminal board 6, Inscribed cable 7-1, inductance 7-2, self-tapping screw 8, tension disc 9, switch 10, safe push button 11, safe 12 groups of push button spring Into;Again because described handle upper casing 3-1 and handle lower shell 3-2 is that the first from left right side is combined into handle, it is all provided with wire-hanging hook 3- 2a, and cross line breach 3-2b, institute in order to power line 1 from it is described cross line breach and fold pass through, then the wire-hanging hook described in hanging over On, make line be not easy to pull.Described switch trigger 4 is installed on handle, switch trigger spring 5, terminal board 6, cable is inscribed 7-1, inductance 7-2, self-tapping screw 8, tension disc 9, switch 10, safe push button 11, safe push button spring 12, cable cover(ing) 2.Because Described switch trigger 4 and described safe push button 11 are equipped with projecting block in place and collided, and refer to Figure 11, institute Only when promoting safe push button 11 and compressing secure push button spring 12, to make described safe push button 11 be provided with place Projecting block when moving forward without colliding, can just press described switch trigger 4, and described switch 10 is touched by switch trigger Afterwards, grass-mowing machine motor circuit is just can turn on, it is prevented that neglectful malfunction.When unclamping described switch trigger 4, Described switch trigger spring 5 makes its return, and then described safe push button spring 12 promotes the described return of safe push button 11, Described switch 10 also return, is DPDT normal off open state, in this way it is ensured that make the power-off of grass-mowing machine motor without working, therefore institute With the design of this double-pole double break, make grass-mowing machine motor not charged, truly have beneficial what safety.Described cable cover(ing) 2 is soft pvc, Therefore also there is protective effect to described inscribed cable 7-1.Assembly method has a little to be used it is noted that playing self-tapping screw 8 The pneumatic screw batch or electric screwdriver of moment of torsion are determined, so that moment of torsion is rationally uniform;Originally the waste product of prescribed torque is not more.Because institute A kind of improvement for the low vibration grass-mowing machine stated, it includes the expansion link assembly of middle and upper part mobile jib adjustable length, by being pressed containing flexible The telescopic tube assembly 13 of knob and snap-on, pipe close 13-1, electric capacity 13-2, telescopic tube 13-3, spring cable line 13-4, runing rest 13-5, pipe end position plug 13-6, tapping screw 13-7, and rotary knob spring 14 is formed;Described contains flexible button and bullet The upper end of the telescopic tube assembly 13 of button is equipped with described pipe close 13-1, and is fixed on by under described handle upper casing 3-1 and handle On the handle that the first from left right sides of shell 3-2 mono- attach together;The described internal activity of telescopic tube assembly 13 containing flexible button and snap-on is equipped with institute The telescopic tube 13-3 stated;Described electric capacity 13-2 and spring cable line 13-4 are placed with inside described telescopic tube 13-3; Described runing rest 13-5, pipe end positioning plug 13-6, tapping screw 13- are housed in described telescopic tube 13-3 bottom 7 and rotary knob spring 14;The outside of the described telescopic tube assembly 13 containing flexible button and snap-on is provided with axial long recess, institute In order to install the assist handle 16 and assist handle support 17 that can allocate position vertically;Again because described telescopic tube 13-3, refer to Figure 14, which is provided with elongated slot 13-3b vertically, and multiple such as 12 gear 13-3c, institute in order to The described telescopic tube assembly 13 containing flexible button and snap-on matches.Push the described telescoping tube group containing flexible button and snap-on Flexible button and the snap-on 13-3d that part 13 is provided with, carry out optional gear with regard to that can pull out into the telescopic tube 13-3 described in extraction, be transferred to The grass-mowing machine working depth that operator is liked.
Because a kind of improvement of described low vibration grass-mowing machine, its runing rest assembly containing turnback is general comprising two Read, one is the runing rest assembly for being turned by described runing rest 13-5 grass-mowing machine bottom 180 degree, another be make it is auxiliary The assist handle bracket assembly of assistant's handle turnback.Again because described assist handle bracket assembly, by hex nut 15-1, Knob 15-2, assist handle 16, assist handle support 17, hexagon-headed bolt 18 are formed;Described assist handle support 17 is lived The dynamic outside for being installed on the described telescopic tube assembly 13 containing flexible button and snap-on, and provided axial long recess phase Match somebody with somebody, and on described assist handle support 17, Fig. 2 and Figure 16 is refer to, equipped with hex nut 15-1, knob 15-2, auxiliary Handle 16, elastic knob 15-2, so assist handle 16 and assist handle support 17 can be allocated, to position smoothly vertically. Because the runing rest assembly for turning grass-mowing machine bottom 180 degree by runing rest 13-5, it is by described rotation branch Frame 13-5 forms a connecting link, i.e., on hold telescoping tube, under open grass-mowing machine lower casing, refer to Figure 12 and Figure 13;Described Telescopic tube 13-3 bottom is equipped with described runing rest 13-5, pipe end positioning plug 13-6, tapping screw 13-7 and rotation Button spring 14, and Fig. 3, Fig. 4 and Fig. 5;Again because of the runing rest assembly containing turnback, in addition to protective cover 19, steel wire 20 is protected, compresses piece 21, tapping screw 22, foaming ring 23, and the motor chassis upper casing 30-1 of its connection, motor Casing lower casing 30-2, rotate knob 31;Described runing rest 13-5 is provided with the macropore 13-5a of Long Circle, is additionally provided with limited block 13-5b, institute is in order to loading telescoping tube.Again because runing rest 13-5 is in motor chassis, and it is engaged with rotation knob 31, So when pressing rotation knob 31, just move down runing rest 13-5 limited block 13-5b, then can be by described telescopic tube 13-3 goes to 180 degree;When unclamping rotation knob 31, rotary knob spring 14 moves up runing rest 13-5 limited block 13-5b, It then can still block telescoping tube 13-3.Because in telescoping tube 13-3 end, provided with square through hole, with limited block 13-5b, referring to figure 14, because being that through hole just has two holes.
Because a kind of improvement of described low vibration grass-mowing machine, it contains motor assembly, by electric machine assembly 24, motor 24- 1, pipe sleeve 24-2, line box base 24-3 are supported, hex nut 24-4, safety cap 24-5 are formed, volume compact, so being easy to pacify Dress.Because a kind of improvement of described low vibration grass-mowing machine, the flake down of its base containing line box is beaten the grass assembly, by solenoid component 25, Reel spring 25-1, machine tooth screw 25-2, reel 25-3, nylon wire 25-4, reel aluminium head 25-5, line eye inserted sheet 25- 6, line box cover 25-7, the line bag cell-shell 25-8 with cell-shell labeling, blade 27, machine tooth screw 28, hex nut 29 are formed, its The middle line bag cell-shell 25-8 with cell-shell labeling is only used as packaging, and because a kind of improvement of described low vibration grass-mowing machine, its Containing housing assy above and below motor chassis, by shell component above and below motor chassis 30, motor chassis upper casing 30-1, motor chassis lower casing 30- 2, knob 31 is rotated, and the additional foamed material 30-3 of motor is formed, and a kind of improvement of described low vibration grass-mowing machine, it is containing attached Belong to component, be made up of safety goggles 32, shoulder belt 33, standby nylon wire 34, extended line 35, install grass-mowing machine so working as, and open Dynamic the nylon wire 25-4 made in reel 25-3 or siding rotate at a high speed, with regard to that can beat the grass.When line in short-term, operator's pier pressure one Under, reel aluminium head 25-5 touches ground, compresses reel spring 25-1, and turns reel 25-3, makes the nylon wire 25- in it 4 logical wire over inserted sheet 25-6, and unwrapping wire.The long line released is trimmed by blade 27.Blade sleeve 26 is not placed on blade by the used time On 27, there is protective action.
Because the invention provides a kind of improved safety circuit added with insurance protection of low vibration grass-mowing machine.Described one The improvement of kind of low vibration grass-mowing machine, it contains the safety circuit added with insurance protection, referring to circuit diagram as shown in figure 21, by Insure RC, switch K, inductance L3, inductance L4, electric capacity C, and the series excited machine M provided with winding L1 and winding L2 is formed;Described Inductance L3 and inductance L4, equal Mining inductance 7-2 as shown in figure 18 in circuit diagram;Specially added with insurance RC, it is used the present invention Fuse, or with electrothermal relay, or with overcurrent protector, in the hope of safer.Why it is interior insured, also to add insuranceCause Many places are also supplied for power supply source, it insures often too greatly, does not fit into this grass-mowing machine.
Because a kind of improvement of described low vibration grass-mowing machine, its additional foamed material containing motor subtract vibration arrangement, are The major contribution of the present invention, it is inside and outside motor chassis upper casing 30-1 and motor chassis lower casing 30-2 and outside motor, added with damping With deadener 30-3, meanwhile, in motor chassis upper casing 30-1 and motor chassis lower casing 30-2 and motor close to assembly of beating the grass Appropriate location, as shown in figure 20, install shock-absorbing and noise-eliminating material 30-3 additional.Described material 30-3, or the metallic fiber with heatproof, Or nonmetallic materials, filling or half filling.Or the sound-absorbing material particularly sound-absorbing porous material with resistance to medium temperature, or flexible material, And film material;Described porous material can be fiber-like, and foam class, particulate species are alone good, more or less mixing application OK.Usable fibers class such as rock wool, or glass fiber, or mineral wool particularly super glass wool;Or with foam class, fireproof;Or With particulate species such as expanded perlite, porous clay brick, and the fabric of heatproof, felt are filled or attached;Due to the sound absorption of each material Coefficient (standing-wave-tube method acoustic absorptivity, reverberation method acoustic absorptivity) is different, and incident angle also has an impact to acoustic absorptivity, and some is to height Frequency sound absorption is preferable, and some is preferable to Low Frequency Sound Absorption, and multiple material has the efficiency of complementation, and vibration involves noise and reflected, and turns Change, absorb, decay, therefore be advantageous to further improved performance index, described shock-absorbing and noise-eliminating material, moreover it is possible to be added in the more of grass-mowing machine Place such as protective cover 19, runing rest assembly, there is improvement so composition one kind can be integrated and can reach effectiveness in vibration suppression, noise reduction, which has, to be changed The low vibration grass-mowing machine entered.Shock-absorbing and noise-eliminating material 30-3 or stickup, or mixing molding.
Because employing a kind of improved another item important offer of the present invention to low vibration grass-mowing machine, manufacture is as improved And the method containing laser of assembling precision, that is, improve motor and line box base axiality and survey dynamically balanced existing precision Moulding part has the improved method that laser sights frock again, so having passed through dynamic balancing measurement.First, improved from layout design Requirement to form and position tolerance, such as the requirement to motor and line box base axiality, also increase motor and line box base mistake The amount of being full of, then pressed with reinforcing frock clamp;Moreover precision die is prepared with numerical control CNC machining centers, and to plastic such as line box bottom Seat is post-processed, and its main method is to use high-temperature vapour method, is such as steamed enough more than three hours, therefore its plastic part size is unlikely to deform away Sample;Secondly, it is to improve motor and line box base axiality, during assembling, using calibration motor and line box base as shown in figure 22 Axiality has the frock press that laser is sighted, therefore reduces vibrations.Because described has the frock that laser is sighted, by press 41, laser sights first 42,44,2 middle cylinders 43 of motor locating piece, line box base locating piece 46, small cylinder 45 and small cylinder 47, And laser sights first 48, laser sights first 49 and laser sights first 50 and workpiece motor 24-1 and common group of line box base 24-3 institutes Into;The top of described press 41, first 42 are sighted provided with laser, to sight electrical axis;The middle part of described press 41, if There is around each one motor locating piece 44, and be servo-actuated respectively by one of 2 middle cylinders 43;The following side of described press 41, if There is around each one line box base locating piece 46, and be servo-actuated respectively by small cylinder 45 and small cylinder 47, under described press 41 Platform portion, center sight first 50 provided with laser, and the position of the alignment line box base locating piece of both sides, the laser provided with left and right each one shines Accuracy 48 and laser sight first 49;As an improvement, described locating piece 46 and locating piece 44 or provided with pressure sensor, each laser Head and the signal parameter of each locating piece and pressure sensor is sighted to be held through nozzle flapper follower by CNC processing or differential signal OK.Motor and line box base axiality are calibrated and after being pressed with this frock, and through bulk sampling survey dynamic balancing amendment just can on Producing line, last complete machine, which will also sample, surveys dynamic balancing, therefore because being aided with many places shock-absorbing and noise-eliminating material, causes to integrate to constitute one kind and have and changes The low vibration grass-mowing machine entered.
A kind of improved another item important offer of the present invention to low vibration grass-mowing machine, it is for line changing in itself of beating the grass Enter.Sometimes when operator has found that projection will stretch out line in pressing, but often there is the phenomenon that nylon wire blocks.Its main cause it First, in addition to being designed with and want improvements of runner, the reason for also one important be line in itself.Because existing line, including circle Line and square or lineae trapezoidea, all there is card line phenomenon once in a while.Line that is particularly square or diamond-shaped cross-section and twisting into screw thread sample, although There is certain noise-decreasing when high speed rotates, therefore also referred to as special-shaped low-noise line, but because of its square or rhombus point The stupefied side of profit, cause going out to strangle on linear window and having ground narrow groove for runner sheath, so as to cause to occur the phenomenon that nylon wire blocks; The present invention provides a kind of nylon outlet of the improvement of grass-mowing machine, alternatively referred to as grass-mowing machine abnormity non-symmetric line.The present invention is taken Technical scheme be:A kind of more line of rabbet joint of grass-mowing machine abnormity, described special-shaped line are characterized in being provided with multiple asymmetry on its section Notch 34a, described notch are circumferentially not uniform into decile;Described notch is not square, but both sides are not parallel And indention, and bottom land is camber, therefore it is beneficial to the noise reduction beaten the grass, and adapt to the mowing kind of different soft and hard.
According to different types and it is actually needed, nylon wire (25-4) and standby nylon wire (34) can be selected;Insure (RC) Majority uses fuse, also from electrothermal relay or overflowing device.
Has the charging grass-mowing machine of lithium battery multi resonant superimposed voltage composite portfolio element circuit, it is characterised in that supply lithium electricity Pond charging voltage is not the DC charging of traditional constant pressure and flow, but by lithium battery charging circuit rectified voltage and by It is originally intended to the multi resonant superimposed voltage element circuit mixed by the pulse voltage that the astatic multivibrator of spark-erosion machine tool is drawn Caused multi resonant superimposed voltage charges such as the hole of the storage electric charge of the inside by lithium battery of multiple spot acupuncture formula.
Usefulness:Has the charging grass-mowing machine of lithium battery multi resonant superimposed voltage composite portfolio element circuit, it contains single-chip microcomputer Control unit and voltage transformation module and temperature monitoring circuit:To linear regulator chip by way of pulse width modulation (PWM) Voltage is provided, ensures voltage stabilizing chip safety;Supply lithium cell charging voltage is not the DC charging of traditional constant pressure and flow, but The arteries and veins drawn by the rectified voltage and the astatic multivibrator by being originally intended to spark-erosion machine tool of lithium battery charging circuit Multi resonant superimposed voltage caused by rushing the multi resonant superimposed voltage element circuit mixed by voltage passes through lithium such as multiple spot acupuncture formula The hole of the storage electric charge of the inside of battery and charge, fast and safety and power is big.Comprehensive composition one kind can reach effectiveness in vibration suppression There is an improvement, noise reduction has an improved low vibration grass-mowing machine, evolutionary operation, lifts the quality and frock usability of product, and Safety in utilization.Electronic beaten the grass for what the place such as beside flower bed, garden, park and road cut the grass on a lawn the present invention relates to a kind of Machine, especially a kind of improvement of low vibration grass-mowing machine, the expansion link of grass-mowing machine middle and upper part mobile jib adjustable length is included, turns 180 Runing rest is spent, and circuit adds insurance, the dynamic foamed plastics of the additional vibration damping of motor, double acting switch positions the improvement slided, and Improve motor and line box base axiality and have the charging grass-mowing machine of lithium battery multi resonant superimposed voltage composite portfolio element circuit.One The more line of rabbet joint of kind grass-mowing machine abnormity, described special-shaped line are characterized in being provided with multiple asymmetric notches (34a) on its section, had a variety of Various edge of a knife is selected, to adapt to the mowing kind of different soft and hard;Has lithium battery multi resonant superimposed voltage composite portfolio element circuit Charge grass-mowing machine, and it contains single chip control unit:By the way of reserve battery protection chip combines with single chip control unit, Make circuit stability reliable, ensure battery under various conditions can normal work, the single chip control unit is as computing control Center processed, is responsible for the analog signal of the various guarantee normal battery operations of sampling, and is converted to the data signal needed for control, error Small, precision is high, chip strong antijamming capability, simplifies hardware circuit design and reduces the ineffectiveness high phenomenon of hardware circuit.
Has the gardens machine of lithium battery status display unit circuit, it contains single chip control unit:
The design enables the design circuit steady by the way of reserve battery protection chip combines with single chip control unit Fixed reliable work, ensure battery under various conditions can normal work, single chip control unit as operation control center, It is responsible for the analog signal of the various guarantee normal battery operations of sampling, and is converted to the data signal needed for control, error is small, precision Height, chip strong antijamming capability is stable and reliable in work, simplifies hardware circuit design and reduction the ineffectiveness high of hardware circuit shows As.
Has the gardens machine of lithium battery status display unit circuit, it contains voltage transformation module:
By battery bag voltage step-down by way of PWM, voltage is provided to linear regulator chip, ensures voltage stabilizing chip work In the range of safe voltage, circuit advantage:PWM is depressured, and reduces power, cancels powerful dropping resistor, improves conversion efficiency, And reduce related elements heating.
Circuit conversion principle:
When Q33 triode ONs, the total positive voltage BAT+ of battery bag is returned again by triode Q33, inductance L1, electric capacity EC2 The total negative terminal of battery is returned to, forms charge circuit, BAT+ charges, to maintain load end after inductance partial pressure to electric capacity EC2 VDD5V electric quantity consumption, while L1 is in energy storage state, during charging, EC2 capacitance voltages are gradually increasing, and work as voltage When rising to Z9 voltage-regulator diode breakdown voltages, Z9 conductings, Vbe conducting voltages, Q36 saturation conductions, so as to drag down are provided to Q36 Triode Q35 base voltages, Q35 is caused to be switched to cut-off state by conducting state, before Q35 cut-offs, Q33 Vbe magnitudes of voltage are:
Vbe=VBAT+*R114/ (R114+R116)
This magnitude of voltage is more than Q33 on state threshold voltage, ensures Q33 conductings, after Q35 cut-offs, Q33 Vbe=0, Q33 are cut Only, battery always passes through inductance L1 and EC2 electric capacity is charged and terminated to the stage of VDD5V power supplies;
When Q33 triodes turn off, disconnected from triode to the charge circuit inductance L1, can not according to L inductive currents The principle of mutation, to maintain the sense of current and size constant, the direction transformation of the induced electromotive force of inductance is right positive left negative, inductance In the state to release energy, current channel is:Electric current flows to electric capacity EC2 from L1, is charged to EC2, for maintaining load end The electricity that VDD5V is consumed, then from cross GND ends by sustained diode 10, D11 return inductance induced electromotive force negative terminal,
The gardens machine of tool lithium battery status display unit circuit contains charging control unit:
Effect:There is the overvoltage of charging stagnation pressure, single-unit battery core, charging excessively stream, excess temperature or charger in battery bag and exception occur When, single chip control unit turns off charge tunnel, ensures charging safety by controlling this element circuit.
Concrete operating principle is as described below:
Under battery bag normal charging condition, single chip control unit output high level CHG_CTR signals by R162, Q26 G poles are added in after R161 partial pressures, the conducting of Q26 metal-oxide-semiconductors, ignores D, S side pressure drop, passes through resistance from MOS1, MOS2 S ends The electric current IQ that R159, R160 flow through is:
IQ=VPACK/ (R159+R160)
Then the voltage at resistance R159 both ends is:
VR159=IQ*R159
This voltage is MOS G, S terminal voltage, and magnitude of voltage is less than threshold voltage VGS, turns on MOS1, MOS2, is entered Charged state;
Z11 voltage-stabiliser tubes are connected in parallel on PMOS G, S end, and when exception, which occurs, in circuit causes G, S end too high, Z11 voltage-stabiliser tubes move Make, by G, S terminal voltage clamper in 16V safe operating voltage range, avoid pipe breakdown;
When battery bag charges or put, instantaneous pressure caused by charger or motor work is superimposed upon MOS1, MOS2 D, S End, puncture MOS, cause battery bag disabler, C98, C99 electric capacity are connected in parallel on MOS1, MOS2 D, S end respectively, are that moment is high Pressure provides passage, protects MOS work safetys;
Z18, Z12 are ESD electrostatic protection elements, absorb in machine system work and scurry into the instantaneous pressure energy in battery, Protect electronic component safety in MOS and battery bag;
In battery bag charging process, chip is such as protected to detect battery core overvoltage, excess temperature or battery bag stagnation pressure higher than setting During voltage, CHR_CTR network signals are set to low level by battery bag control chip single chip control unit, and triode Q26 is by leading Logical state is switched to cut-off state, and now MOS1, MOS1 VGS voltages are zero, less than metal-oxide-semiconductor conducting voltage VTH, forces two Metal-oxide-semiconductor turns off, and stops charging, to ensure battery bag charging safety;
Has the gardens machine of lithium battery status display unit circuit, it contains cell voltage detection unit:
When battery bag is in charging, charge condition, single chip control unit can detect battery bag voltage in real time, with protection Battery bag is operated in normal condition,
Concrete operating principle is as follows:
When single chip control unit is by detecting analog signal (this analog signal of R155, R156 partial pressure battery bag stagnation pressure Value be proportional to voltage bag total voltage), and obtained analog signal is passed through into analog-to-digital conversion, set by single chip control unit Threshold value compare, and perform corresponding action according to comparing,
Wherein C80 filters out the interference signal of the pressures of R156 two, so as to the accurate sampling battery voltage signal of single chip control unit.
The magnitude of voltage sampled such as single chip control unit is higher than set charging voltage threshold value, then illustrates at battery bag Overvoltage condition, now single chip control unit charge control CHR_CTR network signals can be set to low level, forcibly stop Battery bag charges, and the magnitude of voltage sampled such as single chip control unit is less than set charging voltage threshold value, then illustrates battery In under-voltage condition, now battery under-voltage signal communicatively can be sent to discharge controller by single chip control unit, Stop battery bag electric discharge.
When battery bag in a dormant state when, BAT_AD_CTR network signals are set to low level by single chip control unit, Q25 metal-oxide-semiconductors switch to cut-off state by conducting state, prevent battery bag from being discharged by sampling resistor, reduce battery bag free time shape Kwh loss during state
Have the gardens machine of lithium battery status display unit circuit, its temperature detecting unit containing battery core:
For battery bag when charge or discharge work, operating current is very big, and battery core temperature rises, to make in suitable temperature model Interior battery core work is enclosed, temperature sensing circuit is employed in the design;Temperature detecting function is anti-based on what is inputted from battery pack The analog signal of battery temperature information is answered to monitor battery temperature, single chip control unit passes through the analog signal sampled interior Portion's analog to digital conversion circuit is converted to the data signal that single chip control unit can identify, specifically, comparative cell temperature detection The magnitude of voltage of signal and low temperature threshold and high temperature threshold value, also, it is bigger than low temperature threshold in the magnitude of voltage of battery temperature detection signal Or it is smaller than high temperature threshold value in the case of, the temperature for being judged as battery is abnormality;
The thermal resistor used in the design is temperature and the thermal resistor that resistance value relation is negative characteristic, and temperature is got over Height, the resistance value of temperature-sensitive is smaller, then the magnitude of voltage for the battery temperature signal that single chip control unit detects is smaller, therefore, when When battery temperature signal magnitude of voltage is bigger than the low temperature threshold that single chip control unit is set, illustrate battery temperature less than the temperature set Angle value, it is meant that battery temperature is low temperature, and battery temperature abnormal signal is set to high level by single chip control unit, on the contrary, When the value of battery temperature detection signal is smaller than high temperature threshold value, then mean that battery is in the condition of high temperature, single chip control unit Battery temperature abnormal signal is set to high level;
Other single chip control units are different in the battery temperature that the single chip control unit for receiving battery bag is sent in system During normal information, battery bag charge or discharge control is set forcibly to stop.
Concrete operating principle is as described below:
When single chip control unit is by detecting R179, NTC1;The battery temperature simulation letter that R156, NTC2 partial pressure obtain Number, and obtained analog signal is passed through into analog to digital conversion circuit, the data signal that single chip control unit can identify is converted to, with Threshold value set by single chip control unit compares, when the temperature value detected higher than low temperature threshold or less than high temperature threshold value or When, the temperature for being all judged as battery is abnormality, and single chip control unit makes battery bag be stopped by control signal, its In, C82, C94 filter out the interference signal at NTC1, NTC2 both ends respectively, so as to the accurate sampling battery temperature of single chip control unit Signal.
Because the temperature of each battery core of battery in real work can be variant, the design employs two-way temperature monitoring circuit, to the greatest extent The operating temperature situation of possible actual each battery.
Have the gardens machine of lithium battery status display unit circuit, its display unit containing battery status:
It is used as display device by four LEDs, by combinations of states, can correctly shows the voltage, electricity, temperature of battery Degree and battery whether unusual condition etc., the working condition residing for battery can be judged accordingly.
Have lithium battery status display unit circuit gardens machine, supply lithium cell charging voltage with multi resonant superimposed voltage without It is the DC charging of traditional constant pressure and flow, it is by the rectified voltage of lithium battery charging circuit and by being originally intended to electric spark Multi resonant caused by multi resonant superimposed voltage element circuit mixed by the pulse voltage that the astatic multivibrator of lathe is drawn Superimposed voltage charges such as the hole of the storage electric charge of the inside by lithium battery of multiple spot acupuncture formula;Described Self-excitation Multi The pulse voltage that oscillator is drawn is 80 volts, and pulse frequency is 80 kilo hertzs;The voltage of the rectification and the pulse voltage it Between be connected by the electric capacity connected with the differential circuit that bypass resistance is formed.Have the gardens of lithium battery voltage converter unit circuit Machine, it is characterised in that it contains voltage transformation module:By battery bag voltage step-down by way of PWM, carried to linear regulator chip Voltage supplied, ensure that voltage stabilizing chip is operated in the range of safe voltage, cancel powerful dropping resistor, improve conversion efficiency, and Reduce related elements heating, circuit conversion principle:When Q33 triode ONs, the total positive voltage BAT+ of battery bag passes through triode Q33, inductance L1, electric capacity EC2 again return to the total negative terminal of battery, form charge circuit, BAT+ is after inductance partial pressure, to electric capacity EC2 charges, and to maintain load end VDD5V electric quantity consumption, while L1 is in energy storage state, during charging, EC2 electric capacity Voltage is gradually increasing, and when voltage rises to Z9 voltage-regulator diode breakdown voltages, Z9 conductings, Vbe conducting voltages is provided to Q36, Q36 saturation conductions, so as to drag down triode Q35 base voltages, Q35 is caused to be switched to cut-off state, Q35 cut-offs by conducting state Before, Q33 Vbe magnitudes of voltage are:Vbe=VBAT+*R114/ (R114+R116), conduction threshold electricity of this magnitude of voltage more than Q33 Pressure, ensure Q33 conductings, after Q35 cut-offs, Q33 Vbe=0, Q33 cut-off, battery always pass through inductance L1 and EC2 electric capacity charged And terminate to the stage of VDD5V power supplies;When Q33 triodes turn off, disconnected from triode to the charge circuit inductance L1, root The principle that can not be mutated according to L inductive currents, to maintain the sense of current and size constant, the direction transformation of the induced electromotive force of inductance To be right positive left negative, inductance is in the state to release energy, and current channel is:Electric current flows to electric capacity EC2 from L1, is charged to EC2, uses Induct electricity in maintaining the electricity that is consumed of load end VDD5V, then from crossing GND ends and returning to inductance by sustained diode 10, D11 The negative terminal of kinetic potential.
Update and the gardens machine of perfect tool lithium battery status display unit circuit, its containing single chip control unit and Voltage transformation module and temperature monitoring circuit:Voltage is provided to linear regulator chip by way of pulse width modulation (PWM), is protected Demonstrate,prove voltage stabilizing chip safety;Supply lithium cell charging voltage is not the DC charging of traditional constant pressure and flow, but is filled by lithium battery The pulse voltage that the rectified voltage and the astatic multivibrator by being originally intended to spark-erosion machine tool of circuit are drawn is mixed Multi resonant superimposed voltage is such as the inside by lithium battery of multiple spot acupuncture formula caused by the multi resonant superimposed voltage element circuit of conjunction Storage electric charge hole and charge, fast and safety and power is big.It contains voltage transformation module, passes through pulse width modulation (PWM) Mode by battery bag voltage step-down, give linear regulator chip to provide voltage, ensure that voltage stabilizing chip is operated in safe voltage scope It is interior, electric circuit characteristic:PWM is depressured, and reduces power, cancels powerful dropping resistor, improves conversion efficiency, and reduce related elements Heating;Beneficial effect is a kind of high-power charging of energy of comprehensive composition and safe charging, and reaching effectiveness in vibration suppression has improvement, noise reduction There is a dual-purpose type of improved low vibration, evolutionary operation, lift the quality and frock usability of product, and safety in utilization.
Has the gardens machine of lithium battery status display unit circuit, it is characterised in that supply lithium cell charging voltage multi resonant The DC charging of superimposed voltage rather than traditional constant pressure and flow, its be by lithium battery charging circuit rectified voltage and by It is originally intended to the multi resonant superimposed voltage element circuit mixed by the pulse voltage that the astatic multivibrator of spark-erosion machine tool is drawn Caused multi resonant superimposed voltage charges such as the hole of the storage electric charge of the inside by lithium battery of multiple spot acupuncture formula;Institute The pulse voltage that the astatic multivibrator stated is drawn is 99 volts, and pulse frequency is 99 kilo hertzs;The voltage of the rectification and institute State and be connected by the electric capacity connected with the differential circuit that bypass resistance is formed between pulse voltage;The tool lithium cell charging control The gardens machine of element circuit processed contains charging control unit, and it is in the overvoltage of battery bag appearance charging stagnation pressure, single-unit battery core that it, which is acted on, is filled When electric excessively stream, excess temperature or charger occur abnormal, single chip control unit turns off charge tunnel by controlling this element circuit, Ensure charging safety;Concrete operating principle is as follows:Under battery bag normal charging condition, the height electricity of single chip control unit output Flat CHG_CTR signals the conducting of Q26MOS pipes, ignore D, S side pressure drop by being added in Q26G poles after R162, R161 partial pressure, from MOS1, The electric current IQ that MOS2 S ends are flowed through by resistance R159, R160 is:IQ=VPACK/ (R159+R160), then resistance R159 both ends Voltage be:VR159=IQ*R159, this voltage is MOS G, S terminal voltage, and magnitude of voltage is less than threshold voltage VGS, makes MOS1, MOS2 are turned on, into charged state;Z11 voltage-stabiliser tubes are connected in parallel on PMOS G, S end, cause G, S end when exception occurs in circuit When too high, the action of Z11 voltage-stabiliser tubes, by G, S terminal voltage clamper in 16V safe operating voltage range, avoid pipe breakdown; When battery bag charges or put, instantaneous pressure caused by charger or motor work is superimposed upon MOS1, MOS2 D, S end, breakdown MOS, cause battery bag disabler, C98, C99 electric capacity are connected in parallel on MOS1, MOS2 D, S end respectively, are provided for instantaneous pressure logical Road, protect MOS work safetys;Z18, Z12 are ESD electrostatic protection elements, absorb in machine system work and scurry into the wink in battery Between high-pressure energy, protect electronic component safety in MOS and battery bag;In battery bag charging process, such as chip is protected to detect When battery core overvoltage, excess temperature or battery bag stagnation pressure are higher than setting voltage, battery bag control chip single chip control unit is by CHR_CTR Network signal is set to low level, and triode Q26 is switched to cut-off state by conducting state, and now MOS1, MOS1 VGS voltages are Zero, less than metal-oxide-semiconductor conducting voltage VTH, force two metal-oxide-semiconductors to turn off, stop charging, to ensure battery bag charging safety.
Has the gardens machine of lithium battery status display unit circuit, its bright spot is supplied with lithium cell charging voltage and is superimposed with multi resonant The DC charging of voltage rather than traditional constant pressure and flow, it is used by the rectified voltage of lithium battery charging circuit and by original Produced in the multi resonant superimposed voltage element circuit mixed by the pulse voltage that the astatic multivibrator of spark-erosion machine tool is drawn Raw multi resonant superimposed voltage charges such as the hole of the storage electric charge of the inside by lithium battery of multiple spot acupuncture formula;Described The pulse voltage that astatic multivibrator is drawn is 99 volts, and pulse frequency is 99 kilo hertzs;The voltage of the rectification and the arteries and veins Rush between voltage and be connected by the electric capacity connected with the differential circuit that bypass resistance is formed;The tool lithium battery electric core temperature inspection Survey the gardens machine of element circuit, its temperature detecting unit containing battery core:For battery bag when charge or discharge work, operating current is very Greatly, battery core temperature rises, and to make the battery core within the scope of suitable temperature work, temperature sensing circuit is employed in the design;Temperature Degree detection function is to monitor battery temperature, monolithic based on the analog signal of the reaction cell temperature information inputted from battery pack The analog signal sampled is converted to what single chip control unit can identify by machine control unit by internal analog to digital conversion circuit Data signal, magnitude of voltage and low temperature threshold and the high temperature threshold value of comparative cell temperature detection signal, also, detected in battery temperature In the case that the magnitude of voltage of signal is bigger than low temperature threshold or smaller than high temperature threshold value, the temperature for being judged as battery is abnormality;This The thermal resistor used in design is temperature and the thermal resistor that resistance value relation is negative characteristic, and temperature is higher, temperature-sensitive Resistance value is smaller, then the magnitude of voltage for the battery temperature signal that single chip control unit detects is smaller, therefore, when battery temperature is believed When number magnitude of voltage is bigger than the low temperature threshold that single chip control unit is set, illustrate battery temperature less than the temperature value set, meaning It is low temperature battery temperature, and battery temperature abnormal signal is set to high level by single chip control unit;On the contrary, work as battery temperature The value of detection signal then means that battery is in the condition of high temperature than high temperature threshold value hour, and single chip control unit is by battery temperature Abnormal signal is set to high level;Other single chip control units are sent in the single chip control unit for receiving battery bag in system During battery temperature abnormal information, battery bag charge or discharge control is set forcibly to stop;Concrete operating principle is as follows:Work as monolithic Machine control unit is by detecting R179, NTC1;The battery temperature analog signal that R156, NTC2 partial pressure obtain, and the mould that will be obtained Intend signal and pass through analog to digital conversion circuit, the data signal that single chip control unit can identify is converted to, with single chip control unit Set threshold value compares, when the temperature value detected higher than low temperature threshold or less than high temperature threshold value or when, be all judged as electricity The temperature in pond is abnormality, and single chip control unit makes battery bag be stopped by control signal, wherein, C82, C94 points The interference signal at NTC1, NTC2 both ends is not filtered out, so as to the accurate sampling battery temperature signal of single chip control unit;Because of actual work The temperature of each battery core of battery can be variant in work, and the design employs two-way temperature monitoring circuit, as far as possible each electricity of actual monitored The operating temperature situation in pond, it is safe to use, get twice the result with half the effort.
Usefulness:
Have the gardens machine of lithium battery status display unit circuit, its display unit containing battery status:It is used as by four LEDs Display device, by combinations of states, can correctly show battery voltage, electricity, temperature and battery whether unusual condition etc., Can have this and judge working condition residing for battery, it is very clear.The multi resonant superimposed voltage of lithium cell charging voltage is supplied as more Charge in the hole of the storage electric charge of the inside by lithium battery of point acupuncture formula;The astatic multivibrator pulse voltage is 99 volts, pulse frequency is 99 kilo hertzs;Electric capacity and bypass resistance between the voltage of the rectification and the pulse voltage by connecting The differential circuit formed is connected, beneficial to the high-power use of safety.Two-way temperature monitoring circuit is employed, ensures voltage stabilizing chip peace Entirely;Safety in utilization is improved, effect is self-evident.Ensure voltage stabilizing chip safety;Charging is fast and safety and power is big, comprehensive composition Effect of vibration and noise reduction has a serial gardens machine of improvement, a tractor serves several purposes, lifts the quality of exported product.

Claims (1)

1. have the gardens machine of lithium battery status display unit circuit, its circuit of status display unit containing lithium battery;Also contain single-chip microcomputer Control unit, by the way of reserve battery protection chip combines with single chip control unit, make circuit stability reliable, ensure electricity Pond under various conditions can normal work, the single chip control unit is responsible for the various guarantors of sampling as operation control center The analog signal of normal battery operation is demonstrate,proved, and is converted to the data signal needed for control, error is small, and precision is high, and chip is anti-interference Ability is strong, simplifies hardware circuit design and reduces the ineffectiveness high phenomenon of hardware circuit;It contains voltage transformation module:Pass through arteries and veins Width modulated PWM mode is rushed by battery bag voltage step-down, gives linear regulator chip to provide voltage, ensures that voltage stabilizing chip is operated in In the range of safe voltage, electric circuit characteristic:PWM is depressured, and reduces power, cancels powerful dropping resistor, improves conversion efficiency, and Reduce related elements heating;Its circuit conversion principle:When Q33 triode ONs, the total positive voltage BAT+ of battery bag passes through three poles Pipe Q33, inductance L1, electric capacity EC2 again return to the total negative terminal of battery, form charge circuit, BAT+ is after inductance partial pressure, to electric capacity EC2 charges, and to maintain load end VDD5V electric quantity consumption, while L1 is in energy storage state, during charging, EC2 electric capacity Voltage is gradually increasing, and when voltage rises to Z9 voltage-regulator diode breakdown voltages, Z9 conductings, Vbe conducting voltages is provided to Q36, Q36 saturation conductions, so as to drag down triode Q35 base voltages, Q35 is caused to be switched to cut-off state, Q35 cut-offs by conducting state Before, Q33 Vbe magnitudes of voltage are:
Vbe=VBAT+*R114/ (R114+R116)
This magnitude of voltage is more than Q33 on state threshold voltage, ensures Q33 conductings, after Q35 cut-offs, Q33 Vbe=0, Q33 cut-off, Battery always passes through inductance L1 and EC2 electric capacity is charged and terminated to the stage of VDD5V power supplies;When Q33 triodes turn off, from three Pole pipe disconnects to the charge circuit between inductance L1, the principle that can not be mutated according to L inductive currents, to maintain the sense of current and size Constant, the direction transformation of the induced electromotive force of inductance is right positive left negative, and inductance is in the state to release energy, and current channel is: Electric current flows to electric capacity EC2 from L1, is charged to EC2, passes through for the electricity for maintaining load end VDD5V to be consumed, then from GND ends are crossed Sustained diode 10, D11 return to the negative terminal of inductance induced electromotive force;It contains charging control unit:It is total to there is charging in battery bag Press through, when single-unit battery core, charging excessively stream, excess temperature or charger occur abnormal, single chip control unit is by controlling this element Circuit, charge tunnel is turned off, ensure charging safety;Under battery bag normal charging condition, the height of single chip control unit output Level CHG_CTR signals Q26 FET metal-oxide-semiconductor conducting, ignore D, S by being added in Q26 G poles after R162, R161 partial pressure Side pressure drops, and the electric current IQ flowed through from MOS1, MOS2 S ends by resistance R159, R160 is:
IQ=VPACK/ (R159+R160), then the voltage at resistance R159 both ends be:VR159=IQ*R159
This voltage is MOS G, S terminal voltage, and magnitude of voltage is less than threshold voltage VGS, turns on MOS1, MOS2, into charging State;Z11 voltage-stabiliser tubes are connected in parallel on PMOS G, S end, when, which there is exception, in circuit causes G, S end too high, the action of Z11 voltage-stabiliser tubes, By G, S terminal voltage clamper in 16V safe operating voltage range, avoid pipe breakdown;When battery bag charges or put, fill Instantaneous pressure caused by electrical equipment or motor work is superimposed upon MOS1, MOS2 D, S end, punctures MOS, causes battery packet function to lose Effect, C98, C99 electric capacity are connected in parallel on MOS1, MOS2 D, S end respectively, provide passage for instantaneous pressure, protect MOS work safetys; Z18, Z12 are ESD electrostatic protection elements, absorb and the instantaneous pressure energy in battery is scurried into machine system work, protection field effect Should electronic component safety in pipe MOS and battery bag;
In battery bag charging process, battery core overvoltage, excess temperature or battery bag stagnation pressure are detected higher than setting voltage in protection chip When, CHR_CTR network signals are set to low level by battery bag control chip single chip control unit, and triode Q26 is by conducting shape State is switched to cut-off state, and now MOS1, MOS1 VGS voltages are zero, less than metal-oxide-semiconductor conducting voltage VTH, forces two metal-oxide-semiconductors Shut-off, stop charging, to ensure battery bag charging safety;It contains cell voltage detection unit:When battery bag is in charging, charging During situation, single chip control unit can detect battery bag voltage in real time, to protect battery bag to be operated in normal condition, specific works Principle is as follows:When single chip control unit is proportional to by detecting the value of the analog signal of R155, R156 partial pressure battery bag stagnation pressure Voltage bag total voltage, and obtained analog signal is passed through into analog-to-digital conversion, compared with the threshold value set by single chip control unit Compared with, and corresponding action is performed according to comparing, wherein C80 filters out the interference signal of the pressures of R156 two, so as to single chip control unit Accurate sampling battery voltage signal;If the magnitude of voltage that single chip control unit samples is higher than set charging voltage threshold value, Then illustrate overvoltage condition at battery bag, now charge control CHR_CTR network signals can be set to low electricity by single chip control unit It is flat, forcibly stop battery bag charging;If the magnitude of voltage that single chip control unit samples is less than set charging voltage Threshold value, then illustrate that battery is in under-voltage condition, now single chip control unit communicatively can send out battery under-voltage signal Discharge controller is given, stops battery bag electric discharge;When battery bag in a dormant state when, single chip control unit is by BAT_AD_ CTR network signals are set to low level, and Q25 metal-oxide-semiconductors switch to cut-off state by conducting state, prevent battery bag by sampling electricity Resistance electric discharge, reduces kwh loss during battery bag idle condition;Its temperature detecting unit containing battery core:Battery bag is in charge or discharge During work, operating current is very big, and battery core temperature rises, and to make the battery core within the scope of suitable temperature work, is used in the design Temperature sensing circuit;Temperature detecting function be the analog signal based on the reaction cell temperature information inputted from battery pack come Battery temperature is monitored, the analog signal sampled is converted to single-chip microcomputer by single chip control unit by internal analog to digital conversion circuit The data signal that control unit can identify, specifically, magnitude of voltage and low temperature threshold and the height of comparative cell temperature detection signal Warm threshold value, also, the magnitude of voltage of battery temperature detection signal it is bigger than low temperature threshold or than high temperature threshold value it is small in the case of, judge Temperature for battery is abnormality;The thermal resistor used is thermistor of the temperature with resistance value relation for negative characteristic Device, temperature is higher, and the resistance value of temperature-sensitive is smaller, then the magnitude of voltage for the battery temperature signal that single chip control unit detects is got over It is small, therefore, when battery temperature signal magnitude of voltage is bigger than the low temperature threshold that single chip control unit is set, illustrate that battery temperature is low In the temperature value of setting, it is meant that battery temperature is low temperature, and battery temperature abnormal signal is set to high electricity by single chip control unit It is flat, on the contrary, when the value of battery temperature detection signal is smaller than high temperature threshold value, then mean that battery is in the condition of high temperature, monolithic Battery temperature abnormal signal is set to high level by machine control unit;Other single chip control units are receiving battery bag in system During the battery temperature abnormal information that single chip control unit is sent, battery bag charge or discharge control is set forcibly to stop;When Single chip control unit is by detecting R179, NTC1;The battery temperature analog signal that R156, NTC2 partial pressure obtain, and will obtain Analog signal pass through analog to digital conversion circuit, be converted to the data signal that single chip control unit can identify, with single-chip microcomputer control Threshold value set by unit compares, when the temperature value detected higher than low temperature threshold or less than high temperature threshold value or when, all judge Temperature for battery is abnormality, and single chip control unit makes battery bag be stopped by control signal, wherein, C82, C94 filters out the interference signal at NTC1, NTC2 both ends respectively, so as to the accurate sampling battery temperature signal of single chip control unit;This Design employs two-way temperature monitoring circuit, and the operating temperature situation of each battery is detected according to the temperature difference of each battery core;It contains Battery status display unit:Be used as display device by four LEDs, by combinations of states, can correctly show battery voltage, Electricity, temperature and battery whether unusual condition etc., judge the working condition residing for battery accordingly;Has lithium battery status display list The gardens machine of first circuit, it is characterised in that supply lithium cell charging voltage multi resonant superimposed voltage rather than traditional constant pressure and constant The DC charging of stream, it is by the rectified voltage of lithium battery charging circuit and the Self-excitation Multi by being originally intended to spark-erosion machine tool Multi resonant superimposed voltage is as more caused by multi resonant superimposed voltage element circuit mixed by the pulse voltage that oscillator is drawn Charge in the hole of the storage electric charge of the inside by lithium battery of point acupuncture formula;What described astatic multivibrator was drawn Pulse voltage is 99 volts, and pulse frequency is 99 kilo hertzs;Electric capacity between the voltage of the rectification and the pulse voltage by connecting It is connected with the differential circuit that bypass resistance is formed;The gardens machine of the tool lithium battery status display unit circuit, it is containing electricity Pond status display unit:It is used as display device by four LEDs, by combinations of states, can correctly shows voltage, the electricity of battery Amount, temperature and battery whether unusual condition etc., the working condition residing for battery can be judged accordingly.
CN201710951458.9A 2017-09-28 2017-09-28 Has the gardens machine of lithium battery status display unit circuit CN107750577A (en)

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CN105940853A (en) * 2016-05-18 2016-09-21 宁波大叶园林设备有限公司 A garden tool with a plurality of lithium battery boxes
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CN106948706A (en) * 2017-04-12 2017-07-14 河南职业技术学院 Intelligent window opener
CN206362910U (en) * 2017-01-04 2017-07-28 深圳市丰农源科技有限公司 Battery core temperature sensing circuit based on unmanned plane
CN206557356U (en) * 2017-03-15 2017-10-13 东莞市颖川鸿电池科技有限公司 A kind of super low-power consumption battery voltage detection circuit

Patent Citations (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101252287A (en) * 2006-12-26 2008-08-27 美国凹凸微系有限公司 Power management circuit for battery pack
CN102222941A (en) * 2010-04-13 2011-10-19 登丰微电子股份有限公司 Balancing device for battery voltage and battery charging device
CN103219777A (en) * 2013-05-02 2013-07-24 杭州电子科技大学 Minitype high-power multifunctional environment-friendly mobile power supply
CN105940853A (en) * 2016-05-18 2016-09-21 宁波大叶园林设备有限公司 A garden tool with a plurality of lithium battery boxes
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CN106026302A (en) * 2016-07-28 2016-10-12 张新安 Intelligent DC electric energy collection charger
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