CN107747215A - The preparation method and functional fabric of functional fabric - Google Patents

The preparation method and functional fabric of functional fabric Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107747215A
CN107747215A CN201710940362.2A CN201710940362A CN107747215A CN 107747215 A CN107747215 A CN 107747215A CN 201710940362 A CN201710940362 A CN 201710940362A CN 107747215 A CN107747215 A CN 107747215A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
noble metal
solution
nano
aqueous solution
fabric
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Application number
CN201710940362.2A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
黄皆美
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Shenzhen Sword Super Material Co Ltd
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Shenzhen Sword Super Material Co Ltd
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Publication date
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Priority to CN201710940362.2A priority Critical patent/CN107747215A/en
Publication of CN107747215A publication Critical patent/CN107747215A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D06TREATMENT OF TEXTILES OR THE LIKE; LAUNDERING; FLEXIBLE MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06MTREATMENT, NOT PROVIDED FOR ELSEWHERE IN CLASS D06, OF FIBRES, THREADS, YARNS, FABRICS, FEATHERS OR FIBROUS GOODS MADE FROM SUCH MATERIALS
    • D06M11/00Treating fibres, threads, yarns, fabrics or fibrous goods made from such materials, with inorganic substances or complexes thereof; Such treatment combined with mechanical treatment, e.g. mercerising
    • D06M11/83Treating fibres, threads, yarns, fabrics or fibrous goods made from such materials, with inorganic substances or complexes thereof; Such treatment combined with mechanical treatment, e.g. mercerising with metals; with metal-generating compounds, e.g. metal carbonyls; Reduction of metal compounds on textiles
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D06TREATMENT OF TEXTILES OR THE LIKE; LAUNDERING; FLEXIBLE MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06MTREATMENT, NOT PROVIDED FOR ELSEWHERE IN CLASS D06, OF FIBRES, THREADS, YARNS, FABRICS, FEATHERS OR FIBROUS GOODS MADE FROM SUCH MATERIALS
    • D06M11/00Treating fibres, threads, yarns, fabrics or fibrous goods made from such materials, with inorganic substances or complexes thereof; Such treatment combined with mechanical treatment, e.g. mercerising
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D06TREATMENT OF TEXTILES OR THE LIKE; LAUNDERING; FLEXIBLE MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06MTREATMENT, NOT PROVIDED FOR ELSEWHERE IN CLASS D06, OF FIBRES, THREADS, YARNS, FABRICS, FEATHERS OR FIBROUS GOODS MADE FROM SUCH MATERIALS
    • D06M16/00Biochemical treatment of fibres, threads, yarns, fabrics, or fibrous goods made from such materials, e.g. enzymatic

Abstract

The preparation method of functional fabric provided by the invention, fabric substrate is soaked in the mixed solution formed by the aqueous solution of nano-noble metal and the aqueous solution of nanometer mineral matters particle, forms mixture solution;The mixture solution is subjected to ultrasonic centrifugation, and obtained isolate is subjected to drying and processing, obtains the functional fabric, the preparation method preparation technology of above-mentioned functional fabric is simple, particularly suitable for industrialized production.

Description

The preparation method and functional fabric of functional fabric
Technical field
The present invention relates to catalyst preparation technical field, more particularly to a kind of functional fabric and preparation method thereof.
Background technology
Functional textile is that this century the eighties are proposed first by Germany scientist, and is obtained in developed country rapidly To response, countries in the world have put into substantial contribution and researched and developed, and are knitted so far in portable in the medicinal functional of human body Existing procucts come out and are applied to clinic on thing;But breakthrough is had no in the medicinal functional fabric of human body in Nonimplantation, it is main former Because the definition that is to define the fabric must be using fabric as carrier, stability is good, to human body diseases ultra high efficiency, it is long-acting, The treatment of low toxicity and auxiliary treatment functio etc., that concept simply sprinkled with the unrestrained painting of medicine is no, is substantially A kind of brand-new new " stype ".
In the clear 54-151669 of Japan Patent, a kind of bactericidal properties cloth is disclosed, it will contain copper, (average grain diameter 6 is micro- for silver Rice) compound individually or mixture resin solution processing yarn, the solution is knitted again after being uniformly coated on the surface of yarn Into bactericidal properties cloth, the product can make the lining of rubber boot, canvas shoe and socks.Reported in Japan " process technology " vol.17NO7 In, with copper and sulfide removal acrylic fiber, acrylic fibers-vulcanization copper composition is obtained, it is to staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli, withered grass The thread tinea alba bacterium of bacillus, skin has bacteriostasis.
In Chinese invention patent CN87100231A, entitled " antibiotic deodorant fabric and manufacture method ", publication date: A kind of antibiotic fabric is disclosed in 18 days November in 1987, it successively with Cu+, the composite crosslinking of Viride Nitens 4, produces acrylic fabric Product have bacteria resistance function to 10 strains such as staphylococcus aureus, MRSA, white Portugal coccus, Candida albicans, and it can be used as antibacterial deodourizing The work clothes of underwear, socks, shoe-pad and medical industry, food industry.
In the flat 3-136649 of Japan Patent, the applying date:A kind of prevention mastitis for milk cows is disclosed in 24 days October in 1989 Anti-bacteria cloth.Its by silver ion and polyacrylonitrile in the form of coordinate bond it is compound, product has to 6 kinds of strains such as streptococcus, staphylococcus Inhibitory action, it can be used as wiping cow breast nipple to prevent the anti-bacteria cloth of the mammitis of milk cow.
The above product has antibacterial action, but antimicrobial spectrum is not wide, effect unobvious, and complete with the present invention It is different.
The content of the invention
Based on this, it is necessary to for defect present in prior art, there is provided a kind of simple feature of preparation technology is knitted Thing.
To achieve the above object, the present invention uses following technical proposals:
A kind of preparation method of functional fabric, comprises the steps:
Fabric substrate is soaked in and mixed by what the aqueous solution of nano-noble metal and the aqueous solution of nanometer mineral matters particle were formed Close in solution, form mixture solution;
The mixture solution is subjected to ultrasonic centrifugation, and obtained isolate is subjected to drying and processing, obtains institute State functional fabric;
Wherein, the fabric substrate includes uni-material fabric, blend fabric, MIXTURE or union.
In some preferred embodiments, functional fabric matrix is being soaked in the aqueous solution of nano-noble metal particle In, formed mixture solution the step of in, the nano-noble metal particle is prepared by following methods:
By the acidic aqueous solution of noble metal with being stirred dissolved with the deionized water solution of behenyl ammonium bromide solution Mixing is mixed, obtains mixed solution;
The mixed liquor is instilled into the borohydride sodium aqueous solution, then solution to be mixed and deionized water are stood after being stirred Layering;
The aqueous solution of the nano-noble metal particle on upper strata is extracted, and the aqueous solution of the nano-noble metal particle is dried Dry-cure, obtain noble metal nano particles.
In some preferred embodiments, by the acidic aqueous solution of noble metal and dissolved with behenyl bromine Change the deionized water solution mixing of ammonium salt solution, in the step of obtaining mixed solution, the acidic aqueous solution of the noble metal is golden chlorine Aqueous acid.
In some preferred embodiments, by the acidic aqueous solution of noble metal and dissolved with behenyl bromine Change the deionized water solution mixing of ammonium salt solution, in the step of obtaining mixed solution, the acidic aqueous solution of the noble metal and 20 The volume mass ratio of dialkyl group trimethylammonium bromide is 60~85ml:0.48~0.52g.
In some preferred embodiments, the mixed liquor is being instilled into the borohydride sodium aqueous solution, then be stirred rear quiet Put in the step of solution to be mixed is layered with deionized water, the instillation speed of the borohydride sodium aqueous solution was dripped for every 2 seconds 1.
In some preferred embodiments, the nano-noble metal particle includes nanometer gold particle, nano platinum At least one in grain, Technique of Nano Pd gold grain, nanometer rhodita (-te) particle, nanometer iraurite particle, nanometer ruthenium gold grain or nano-Ag particles Kind and the composite Nano noble metal granule formed by above two and two or more nano-noble metal Particles disperseds.
In some preferred embodiments, the particle diameter of the nano-noble metal particle is less than 100 nanometers.
In some preferred embodiments, the particle diameter of the nano-noble metal particle is less than 10 nanometers.
In some preferred embodiments, the mixture solution is being subjected to ultrasonic centrifugation, and point that will be obtained Drying and processing is carried out from thing, in the step of obtaining the functional fabric, the rotating speed of the centrifugation is 400r/min, institute The temperature for stating drying is 70-90 DEG C.
In addition, present invention also offers a kind of functional fabric, prepared by described functional fabric preparation method.
The present invention uses above-mentioned technical proposal, and its advantage is:
On the one hand, the preparation method of functional fabric provided by the invention, fabric substrate is soaked in nano-noble metal In the aqueous solution of grain, mixture solution is formed;The mixture solution is centrifuged, and obtained isolate is entered Row drying and processing, the functional fabric is obtained, the preparation method preparation technology of above-mentioned functional fabric is simple, is particularly suitable for In industrialized production.
On the other hand, functional fabric provided by the invention, due to including nano-noble metal particle, being effectively utilized and receiving The catalytic action of rice noble metal granule, can accelerate the decomposition of the bacterium of fabric face, human body is protected, be particularly suitable for In child, pregnant woman, old man and weakling.
Embodiment
For the ease of understanding the present invention, the present invention will be described more fully below.But the present invention can be with Many different forms are realized, however it is not limited to embodiment described herein.On the contrary, provide the purpose of these embodiments It is to make the understanding more thorough and comprehensive to the disclosure.
Unless otherwise defined, technical field of all of technologies and scientific terms used here by the article with belonging to the present invention The implication that is generally understood that of technical staff it is identical.Term used in the description of the invention herein is intended merely to retouch State the purpose of specific embodiment, it is not intended that in the limitation present invention.Term as used herein " and/or " include one or The arbitrary and all combination of multiple related Listed Items.
The preparation method of functional fabric provided by the invention, its preparation method is simple, is suitably adapted for industrial production;Together When, due to including nano-noble metal particle, being effectively utilized the catalytic action of nano-noble metal particle, fabric table can be accelerated The decomposition of the bacterium in face, is protected to human body, particularly suitable for child, pregnant woman.Below to the technical solution adopted by the present invention It is described in detail.
The preparation method of functional fabric provided by the invention, comprises the steps:
Step S110:By fabric substrate be soaked in by nano-noble metal the aqueous solution and nanometer mineral matters particle it is water-soluble In the mixed solution that liquid is formed, mixture solution is formed.
Wherein, the fabric substrate includes uni-material fabric, blend fabric, MIXTURE or union.
Specifically, uni-material fabric all uses same fiber by the raw material for forming fabric, there is bafta, wool fabric, silk weaving Thing, dacron etc..Blend fabric uses two or more different types of fiber to form the raw material of fabric, through mixed Spin into made by yarn, wash it is viscous, wash the blend fabric such as nitrile, polyester-cotton blend.MIXTURE is used by two by the raw material for forming fabric The single thread of kind of fiber, warp are simultaneously closed into made by strand, have low bullet polyester filament and middle length mixed simultaneously, also there is terylene short fiber and low Polyester filament is played to mix and form strand etc..Difference is respectively adopted by the raw material for forming the both direction system of fabric in union Fiber yarn, there is the Suzhou brocade that silk artificial silk interweaves, rich spinning of Buddhist nun that nylon and synthetic cotton interweave etc..
In some preferred embodiments, nano-noble metal particle is prepared by following methods:
Step S111:By the acidic aqueous solution of noble metal with dissolved with behenyl ammonium bromide solution go from The sub- aqueous solution is stirred, and obtains mixed solution.
In some preferred embodiments, the acidic aqueous solution of the noble metal is golden chloric acid aqueous solution.It is appreciated that The acidic aqueous solution of other noble metals can also be used in practice
In some preferred embodiments, acidic aqueous solution and the behenyl ammonium bromide of the noble metal Volume mass ratio be 60~85ml:0.48~0.52g.
Step S112:By the mixed liquor instill the borohydride sodium aqueous solution, then stood after being stirred solution to be mixed with Deionized water is layered.
In some preferred embodiments, the instillation speed of the borohydride sodium aqueous solution was dripped for every 2 seconds 1.
Step S113:The aqueous solution of the noble metal granule on upper strata is extracted, and by the water-soluble of the noble metal nano particles Liquid drying and processing, obtains noble metal nano particles.
In some preferred embodiments, the nano-noble metal particle includes nanometer gold particle, nano platinum At least one in grain, Technique of Nano Pd gold grain, nanometer rhodita (-te) particle, nanometer iraurite particle, nanometer ruthenium gold grain or nano-Ag particles Kind and the composite Nano noble metal granule formed by above two and two or more nano-noble metal Particles disperseds.
It is appreciated that the nano-noble metal particle is not limited to above-mentioned nano-noble metal particle, can also be others Nano-noble metal particle.
In some preferred embodiments, the particle diameter of the nano-noble metal particle is less than 100 nanometers.
Further, the particle diameter of the nano-noble metal particle is less than 10 nanometers.
It is appreciated that the particle diameter of the nano-noble metal particle is smaller, its activity is stronger, and catalytic capability is also stronger.
The preparation method preparation technology of nano-noble metal particle provided by the invention is simple, the expensive gold of nanometer being prepared Metal particles are easily isolated, and cost is relatively low, particularly suitable for industrialized production.
The preparation method of functional fabric provided by the invention, also comprises the steps:
Step S120:The mixture solution is centrifuged, and obtained isolate is subjected to drying and processing, Obtain the functional fabric.
In some preferred embodiments, the rotating speed of the centrifugation is 400r/min, and the temperature of the drying is 70-90℃。
The preparation method of functional fabric provided by the invention, fabric substrate is soaked in the water of nano-noble metal particle In solution, mixture solution is formed;The mixture solution is centrifuged, and obtained isolate is dried Processing, obtains the functional fabric, the preparation method preparation technology of above-mentioned functional fabric is simple, particularly suitable for industry Metaplasia is produced.
On the other hand, functional fabric provided by the invention, due to including nano-noble metal particle, being effectively utilized and receiving The catalytic action of rice noble metal granule, can accelerate the decomposition of the bacterium of fabric face, human body is protected, be particularly suitable for In child, pregnant woman.
Above-mentioned technical proposal of the present invention is described in detail below in conjunction with specific embodiment.
Embodiment one
By 60ml golden chloric acid (HAuCl4) aqueous solution with dissolved with 0.48 gram of cetyl trimethylammonium bromide (C 16TAB) 50ml deionized water solutions, be placed on agitator constant speed and stir 180 minutes, obtain mixed solution.
In above-mentioned mixed solution, with the speed of every 2 seconds 1 drops by 2.8ml borohydride sodiums (NaBH4, 0.02 gram) and the aqueous solution Slowly instill, after the completion of be placed on agitator and stir 24 hours, be statically placed in shady place after stopping stirring, stand solution to be mixed It is layered with deionized water.
The aqueous solution of the nano-noble metal particle on upper strata is extracted, and the aqueous solution of the nano-noble metal particle is dried Processing, that is, obtain gold nano grain, and gold nano-particle diameter is average in below 10nm.
Uni-material fabric is soaked in and mixed by what the aqueous solution of nano-noble metal and the aqueous solution of nanometer mineral matters particle were formed Close in solution, form mixture solution, wherein, soak time is 30~60 minutes.
The mixture solution is subjected to ultrasonic centrifugation with 400r/min, and obtained isolate is carried out 70 DEG C Drying and processing, obtain the functional fabric.
Embodiment two
By 80ml golden chloric acid (HAuCl4) aqueous solution with dissolved with 0.52 gram of cetyl trimethylammonium bromide (C 16TAB) 50ml deionized water solutions, be placed on agitator constant speed and stir 200 minutes, obtain mixed solution.
In above-mentioned mixed solution with the speed of every 2 seconds 1 drops by 3.0ml borohydride sodiums (NaBH4, 0.02 gram) and the aqueous solution delays It is slow to instill, after the completion of be placed on agitator and stir 24 hours, be statically placed in shady place after stopping stirring, stand solution to be mixed and Deionized water is layered.
The aqueous solution of the nano-noble metal particle on upper strata is extracted, and the aqueous solution of the nano-noble metal particle is dried Processing, that is, obtain gold nano grain, and gold nano-particle diameter is average in below 10nm.
MIXTURE is soaked in and mixed by what the aqueous solution of nano-noble metal and the aqueous solution of nanometer mineral matters particle were formed Close in solution, form mixture solution, soak time is 30~60 minutes.
The mixture solution is subjected to ultrasonic centrifugation with 400r/min, and obtained isolate is carried out 80 DEG C Drying and processing, obtain the functional fabric.
Embodiment three
By 90ml golden chloric acid (HAuCl4) aqueous solution with dissolved with 0.58 gram of cetyl trimethylammonium bromide (C 16TAB) 60ml deionized water solutions, be placed on agitator constant speed and stir 200 minutes, obtain mixed solution.
In above-mentioned mixed solution, with the speed of every 2 seconds 1 drops by 3.0ml borohydride sodiums (NaBH4, 0.02 gram) and the aqueous solution Slowly instill, after the completion of be placed on agitator and stir 24 hours, be statically placed in shady place after stopping stirring, stand solution to be mixed It is layered with deionized water.
The aqueous solution of the nano-noble metal particle on upper strata is extracted, and the aqueous solution of the nano-noble metal particle is dried Processing, that is, obtain gold nano grain, and gold nano-particle diameter is average in below 10nm.
Blend fabric is soaked in and mixed by what the aqueous solution of nano-noble metal and the aqueous solution of nanometer mineral matters particle were formed Close in solution, form mixture solution, soak time is 30~60 minutes..
The mixture solution is subjected to ultrasonic centrifugation with 400r/min, and obtained isolate is carried out 70 DEG C Drying and processing, obtain the functional fabric.
Each technical characteristic of embodiment described above can be combined arbitrarily, to make description succinct, not to above-mentioned reality Apply all possible combination of each technical characteristic in example to be all described, as long as however, the combination of these technical characteristics is not deposited In contradiction, the scope that this specification is recorded all is considered to be.
Embodiment described above only expresses the several embodiments of the present invention, and its description is more specific and detailed, but simultaneously Can not therefore it be construed as limiting the scope of the patent.It should be pointed out that come for one of ordinary skill in the art Say, without departing from the inventive concept of the premise, various modifications and improvements can be made, these belong to the guarantor of the present invention Protect scope.Therefore, the protection domain of patent of the present invention should be determined by the appended claims.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of preparation method of functional fabric, it is characterised in that comprise the steps:
It is molten that fabric substrate is soaked in the mixing formed by the aqueous solution of nano-noble metal and the aqueous solution of nanometer mineral matters particle In liquid, mixture solution is formed;
The mixture solution is subjected to ultrasonic centrifugation, and obtained isolate is subjected to drying and processing, obtains the work( Can property fabric;
Wherein, the fabric substrate includes uni-material fabric, blend fabric, MIXTURE or union.
2. the preparation method of functional fabric according to claim 1, it is characterised in that soaked by functional fabric matrix Steep in the aqueous solution of nano-noble metal particle, formed mixture solution the step of in, the nano-noble metal particle is under State method preparation:
The acidic aqueous solution of noble metal is mixed with being stirred dissolved with the deionized water solution of behenyl ammonium bromide solution Close, obtain mixed solution;
The mixed liquor is instilled into the borohydride sodium aqueous solution, then solution to be mixed is stood after being stirred and is layered with deionized water;
The aqueous solution of the nano-noble metal particle on upper strata is extracted, and by the aqueous solution drying of the nano-noble metal particle Reason, obtains noble metal nano particles.
3. functional fabric according to claim 2, it is characterised in that by the acidic aqueous solution of noble metal and dissolved with two The deionized water solution mixing of DTAB solution, in the step of obtaining mixed solution, the noble metal Acidic aqueous solution is golden chloric acid aqueous solution.
4. functional fabric according to claim 2, it is characterised in that by the acidic aqueous solution of noble metal and dissolved with two The deionized water solution mixing of DTAB solution, in the step of obtaining mixed solution, the noble metal The volume mass ratio of acidic aqueous solution and behenyl ammonium bromide is 60~85ml:0.48~0.52g.
5. functional fabric according to claim 2, it is characterised in that water-soluble the mixed liquor is instilled into borohydride sodium Liquid, then stood after being stirred in the step of solution to be mixed is layered with deionized water, the instillation of the borohydride sodium aqueous solution Speed is to drip for every 2 seconds 1.
6. the preparation method of functional fabric according to claim 2, it is characterised in that the nano-noble metal particle bag Include nanometer gold particle, nano platinum particle, Technique of Nano Pd gold grain, nanometer rhodita (-te) particle, nanometer iraurite particle, nanometer ruthenium gold Grain or at least one of nano-Ag particles and answered by what above two and two or more nano-noble metal Particles disperseds were formed Close nano-noble metal particle.
7. the preparation method of functional fabric according to claim 6, it is characterised in that the nano-noble metal particle Particle diameter is less than 100 nanometers.
8. the preparation method of functional fabric according to claim 7, it is characterised in that the nano-noble metal particle Particle diameter is less than 10 nanometers.
9. the preparation method of functional fabric according to claim 7, it is characterised in that enter by the mixture solution Row ultrasound is centrifuged, and obtained isolate is carried out into drying and processing, in the step of obtaining the functional fabric, it is described from The rotating speed of heart separation is 400r/min, and the temperature of the drying is 70-90 DEG C.
10. a kind of functional fabric, it is characterised in that as the functional fabric preparation method described in any one of claim 1 to 9 Prepare.
CN201710940362.2A 2017-10-11 2017-10-11 The preparation method and functional fabric of functional fabric Pending CN107747215A (en)

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Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1379146A (en) * 2002-05-20 2002-11-13 朱红军 Anticoagulation antibacterial non-woven cloth containing nano silver (Ag+Ag2O) and its industrial production technology
CN102962469A (en) * 2012-03-01 2013-03-13 纳米籽有限公司 Gold nanorod with high yield and great slenderness ratio and preparation method of gold nanorod
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CN105887474A (en) * 2016-06-07 2016-08-24 北京中船经济技术开发有限公司 Graphene purification and sterilization cloth
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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1379146A (en) * 2002-05-20 2002-11-13 朱红军 Anticoagulation antibacterial non-woven cloth containing nano silver (Ag+Ag2O) and its industrial production technology
CN102962469A (en) * 2012-03-01 2013-03-13 纳米籽有限公司 Gold nanorod with high yield and great slenderness ratio and preparation method of gold nanorod
CN105040415A (en) * 2015-08-22 2015-11-11 苏州正业昌智能科技有限公司 Nano-antibacterial fabric
CN105887474A (en) * 2016-06-07 2016-08-24 北京中船经济技术开发有限公司 Graphene purification and sterilization cloth
CN106637931A (en) * 2016-10-10 2017-05-10 天津大学 A method of preparing a multi-functional textile through combination with a nanometer metal material

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Application publication date: 20180302