CN100344822C - Polycomponent fiber product composite nano antibacterial agent, its preparing method and use - Google Patents

Polycomponent fiber product composite nano antibacterial agent, its preparing method and use Download PDF

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Publication number
CN100344822C
CN100344822C CNB2004100672842A CN200410067284A CN100344822C CN 100344822 C CN100344822 C CN 100344822C CN B2004100672842 A CNB2004100672842 A CN B2004100672842A CN 200410067284 A CN200410067284 A CN 200410067284A CN 100344822 C CN100344822 C CN 100344822C
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China
Prior art keywords
fiber
antibacterial
silver
agent
antibacterial agent
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Expired - Fee Related
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CNB2004100672842A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN1621604A (en
Inventor
蔡再生
蔡玉华
周明训
费建明
孔德伟
张家云
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Shanghai Erdos Underwear Co Ltd
Donghua University
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Shanghai Erdos Underwear Co Ltd
Donghua University
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Priority to CNB2004100672842A priority Critical patent/CN100344822C/en
Publication of CN1621604A publication Critical patent/CN1621604A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN100344822C publication Critical patent/CN100344822C/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
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Abstract

The present invention discloses an inorganic/organic compound nanometer antibacterial agent for a multicomponent fibre product, a preparation method and an application technique thereof. The nanometer antibacterial agent of the present invention comprises the following components (by weight percentage) of 5% to 10% of inorganic nanometer antibacterial agents, 15% to 25% of reactivity organic antibacterial agents, 5% to 10% of cation antibacterial assistance agents and a proper amount of distilled water. The nanometer antibacterial agents for a multicomponent fibre product of the present invention can be used for carrying out antibacterial processing for a multicomponent fibre product. The compound nanometer antibacterial agents of the present invention have the characteristics of high stability, convenient finish for a multicomponent fibre product, quite obviously antibacterial, deodorizing, mould proofing effects on the product after finished, no poison in a finishing agent and a finishing product, and no damage to a human body and environment; therefore, the present invention accords with the standard of the national ministry of health; in addition, finished clothes have good washing resistance and still feel smooth.

Description

Polycomponent fiber product composite nano antibacterial agent, preparation method and application
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of nano antibacterial agent that is used for polycomponent fiber product, particularly a kind of methods for making and using same of nano antibacterial agent.
Background technology
Nanometer technology is a kind of novel research and development field that the structure of nanoscale material is tightened control.1 nanometer equals 1/1000000000th meter.Nano object is the intermediate of molecule and discrete material.
In the nanometer-scale scope, electronics owing to strong attraction, quantum effect, big area one volume when area-volumetric ratio show the characteristic of the unexistent machinery of discrete material, chemistry, photon, electric or magnetic.
Area effect and bulk effect are the imbodies of the peculiar property of nano material, and wherein area effect descends with the minimizing of nano material mean particle dia, and when increasing and the activated atom surface energy, the scale of surface atom will enlarge.The microcosmic that bulk effect refers to the nano-material surface atom and gross feature will experience by electron energy level separate, energy difference apart from enlarge, crystal pattern changes and surface atom density minimizing etc. causes irregular variation.
The applying nano technology can be made various innovative products with unique and good functional characteristic.Up to the present, the nanometer technology that can be used for industrialization is an applying nano materials, and for example nanometer powder, nanometer reagent, nanoelectronic pipe wait to produce and have product unique function nanometer product.
Natural fabric, artificial fibre and synthetic fiber performance are different, each tool pluses and minuses.Can learn from other's strong points to offset one's weaknesses by the compound various fibers of blended union, improve the wearability of lining greatly.From the garment material present situation, adopt the fabric of single raw material fewer and feweri, and get more and more by the fabric that multiple fiber combinations forms.More current popular blended union products have 2~3 kinds of fibers at least, contain 4~6 kinds of fibers at most, and mainly purposes and the class according to different product carries out proportioning, to reach the performance of improving product or to obtain special outward appearance.
Along with growth in the living standard, people have proposed further requirement to the function of taking fibre.Various functional fibers continue to bring out, antibiotic hygienic articles is accepted by people gradually.Being accompanied by huge commercial interest, development and application antibacterial fiber product becomes a trend of dress and personal adornment industry development.In recent years, antibiotic finish fibre market at home has finding also the time, but the product of nano antibacterial finishing seldom, and antibiotic finish does not then almost have to polycomponent fiber product.Therefore, the consumer extremely expects to develop a kind of antiseptic that is applicable to polycomponent fiber product, and is required to satisfy life.
Summary of the invention
The technical issues that need to address of the present invention are to disclose a kind of polycomponent fiber product nano antibacterial agent, preparation and application process thereof, to satisfy the needs of the parties concerned.
The component of nano antibacterial agent of the present invention and weight percent content are:
Inorganic nano antiseptic 5%~10%
Reactive organic antibacterial agent 15%~25%
Cationic antimicrobial is assisted agent 5%~10%
Distilled water surplus
Described inorganic nano antiseptic is selected from zeolite with carrying silver, titanium phosphate silver salt, titanium phosphate zinc salt, silver-colored ammonium complex salt, and a kind of or its mixture that carries in silver-colored silica gel, the silver soluble glass etc. is main active emulsion.
Described reactive organic antibacterial agent is selected from the reactant that triclabendazole, Miconazole, miconazole, isothiazolinone, Trimethoprim or pyrrole are foretold a kind of or its mixture in a kind of or its mixture in the acid amides and epoxychloropropane, ethylene glycol, propylene glycol, the glycerine.
Described cationic antimicrobial assists agent to be selected from two in fatty alcohol-polyoxyethylene ether (paregal O), alkylphenol polyoxyethylene (polyoxyethylene nonylphenol ether), dodecyl benzyl dimethyl ammonium chloride, dodecyl dimethyl benzyl ammonium bromide, Fixanol, the polyethylene glycol or three kind.
Composite nano antibacterial agent good stability of the present invention, itself is nontoxic, can not work the mischief to human body and environment, meets the national health ministerial standard.It is convenient to be used for the polycomponent fiber product arrangement, as long as fibre obtains 2%~5% antiseptic, the configuration aqueous solution is applied on the fabric, and oven dry just can make antibacterial fiber product then.
More existing inorganic silver is a nano antibacterial agent, and inorganic/organic nano composite antibacterial agent of being manufactured experimently among the present invention has good stability, and cost is low, and spectrum is antibiotic, and antibacterial effect is better, more lasting, and washability improves a lot.
Adopt the product of antiseptic arrangement of the present invention, adopted AATCC 100-1993 standard to detect by the parasite prevention and control of disease prevention and control center, Shanghai, the result shows, to 24h sterilizing rate>99.99% of gold-coloured staphylococci, Escherichia coli, Candida albicans, the ability that has good restraining and kill each bacterioid, fungi.Show that arrangement back product has fairly obvious antibiotic, deodorizing, mildew-resistant effect.In addition, the clothing organization feel is unaffected, and antibacterial effect is lasting, washability is good, and after 100 washings, bacteriostasis rate still reaches more than 99%.
" fibre " that relates among the present invention can be fiber, wool top, yarn, woven, knitted fabric, nonwoven fabric.Can be cellulose fibre (comprising cotton, fiber crops, viscose glue, Mo Daier, day silk, copper amine fiber, acetate fibre, bamboo fibre etc.) in addition, and with one or more mixture of fibers in cellulose fibre 〉=60% and chemical fibre or the animal fiber.
Antibacterial fiber product among the present invention can be made interior outerwear trousers, sportswear, socks, carpet, bedding, automotive interior material, hospital gauze and the cloth that stretches tight, shoe-pad, seat cushion, aseptic operation clothes, healthcare givers's work clothes, johnny, aseptic mouth mask, hygienically packaged material, filtering material, diaper, sanltary towel, gloves, muffler, cap etc.
Enumerate some example explanation the present invention below with putting the multicomponent fiber goods in order.Examples of implementation only are used for explanation, but technique for applying is not limited thereto.
Embodiment 1
Fibre: cotton: Mo Daier: cashmere is 5: 4: 1 a knitted underwear
Technological process: knitted underwear → dipping antibiotic finishing solution (bath raio 1: 10), 50~70 ℃, 30~40min) → centrifugal dehydration → oven dry
Antibiotic finishing solution percentage by weight: antiseptic 5%, CATION silicone softening agent 6%.
The antiseptic weight percent content is:
Silver amine complex salt 5%
Methyl benzyl pyridine 15%
Dodecylbenzyl amine bromide 6%
Glycerol (glycerine) 5%
Water 69%.
Embodiment 2
Fibre: cotton: spandex is 95: 5 plain cloths
Technological process: fabric → refining floats → dries → pad antibiotic finishing solution (pick-up rate 75%) → oven dry (80 ℃, 1~2min) → bake 130 ℃, 3min)
Antibiotic finishing solution percentage by weight: antiseptic 40g/l, CATION silicone softening agent 80g/L;
The antiseptic weight percent content is:
Zeolite with carrying silver 5%, (silver content is 2%)
Triclabendazole 18%
Fatty alcohol-polyoxyethylene ether 5%
Polyethylene glycol (molecular weight is 100) 5%
Water 67%.
Embodiment 3
Fibre: cotton: copper amine fiber: polyamide fibre is 6: 2: 2 a cheese
Technological process: cheese → washing → centrifugal dehydration → dipping antibiotic finishing solution (bath raio 1: 10), 60 ℃, 40min) → centrifugal dehydration → oven dry
Antibiotic finishing solution percentage by weight: antiseptic 4%, paregal O 2%
The antiseptic weight percent content is:
Carry silver-colored silica gel 5%, (silver content is 2%)
Pyrrole is foretold acid amides 15%
Dodecylbenzyl amine bromide 6%
Alkylphenol polyoxyethylene 0.5%
Polyethylene glycol (molecular weight is 200) 5%
Water 68.5%
Embodiment 4
Fibre: wash/glue (35/65) nonwoven fabric
Technological process: nonwoven fabric → spray antibacterial finishing agent (concentration 20~30g/l) → oven dry (100 ℃, 2~3min)
The antiseptic weight percent content is:
Titanium phosphate silver salt 5%
Miconazole 18%
Dodecylbenzyl amine bromide 6%
Alkylphenol polyoxyethylene 2%
Polyethylene glycol (molecular weight is 200) 5%
Water 64%
Embodiment 5
Arrangement underwear antibiotic property
Detection method: antibacterial underwear places inoculation that staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli and Candida albicans culture dish (antibacterial underwear area and culture dish area basically identical) are arranged respectively.Each three culture dish, and establish the blank group, place in 37 ℃ of incubators, when 24h, observe sterilization effect.
Testing result: antibacterial underwear is to the effect such as the following table of staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli and Candida albicans:
Test sample Bacterial classification Inoculation bacterium number The antibiotic number of 24h 24h killing rate (%)
The antibiosis knitting clothes Golden yellow grape ball Escherichia coli Candida albicans 1500 1500 1500 1500 1500 1500 100 100 100
Garment piece is untreated Golden yellow grape ball Escherichia coli Candida albicans 1500 1500 1500 0 0 0 0 0 0
Evaluation of result: antibacterial underwear is>99.99% to the 24h killing rate of staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli and Candida albicans, and the garment piece that is untreated is 0% to staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli and Candida albicans 24h killing rate.The anti-staphylococcus aureus of antibacterial underwear, Escherichia coli and Candida albicans effect are remarkable.

Claims (4)

1. a polycomponent fiber product composite nano antibacterial agent is characterized in that, component and weight percent content are:
Inorganic nano antiseptic 5%-10%
Reactive organic antibacterial agent 15%-25%
Cationic antimicrobial is assisted agent 5%-10%
Distilled water surplus;
Described inorganic nano antiseptic is selected from zeolite with carrying silver, titanium phosphate silver salt, titanium phosphate zinc salt, silver-colored ammonium complex salt, and a kind of or its mixture that carries in silver-colored silica gel or the silver soluble glass is main active emulsion;
Described reactive organic antibacterial agent is selected from triclabendazole, Miconazole and pyrrole and foretells a kind of in the acid amides;
Described cationic antimicrobial assists agent to be selected from two in fatty alcohol-polyoxyethylene ether, alkylphenol polyoxyethylene, dodecyl benzyl dimethyl ammonium chloride, dodecyl dimethyl benzyl ammonium bromide or the polyethylene glycol or three kind of mixture.
2. the application of polycomponent fiber product composite nano antibacterial agent according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, be used for polycomponent fiber product is carried out antibiotic finish, obtain the antiseptic of 2%-5% by claim 1 by fibre, the configuration aqueous solution, be applied on the fibre, oven dry just can make antibacterial fiber product then.
3. application according to claim 2 is characterized in that, the goods form is fiber, wool top, yarn, woven, knitted fabric, nonwoven fabric.
4. application according to claim 2, it is characterized in that, the antibacterial fiber product of manufacturing is made interior outerwear trousers, sportswear, socks, carpet, bedding, automotive interior material, hospital gauze and the cloth that stretches tight, shoe-pad, seat cushion, aseptic operation clothes, healthcare givers's work clothes, johnny, aseptic mouth mask, hygienically packaged material, filtering material, diaper, sanltary towel, gloves, muffler or cap.
CNB2004100672842A 2004-10-19 2004-10-19 Polycomponent fiber product composite nano antibacterial agent, its preparing method and use Expired - Fee Related CN100344822C (en)

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CN100370074C (en) * 2005-10-21 2008-02-20 安徽理工大学 Finishing process for vehicle internal decoration cloth with antibacerial and peculiar smell removing function
US20140148537A1 (en) * 2010-10-19 2014-05-29 Toray Opelontex Co., Ltd. Elastic polyurethane thread and manufacturing method thereof
CN102138706A (en) * 2011-02-25 2011-08-03 刘玉杰 Socks capable of preventing and treating palmoplantar keratoderma and rhagadia disease and tinea pedis type rhagadia disease and production method thereof
CN103498270B (en) * 2013-09-17 2015-07-22 宁波格兰家居用品有限公司 Flax and bamboo fiber blended fabric
CN103653405A (en) * 2013-12-17 2014-03-26 江苏波波熊纺织品有限公司 Anti-bacterium haze-proof mask and post-processing method thereof
CN103835125A (en) * 2014-02-28 2014-06-04 四川大学 Children shoe material with nano antibacterial function and preparation method thereof
CN104131457B (en) * 2014-07-16 2016-05-04 安徽可丽纳米纺织品有限公司 A kind of preparation method of antibacterial nonwoven cloth made and preparation padding liquid
CN105350281A (en) * 2015-12-16 2016-02-24 常熟绣珀纤维有限公司 Method for preparing ultrahigh molecular weight polyethylene fiber
CN105670043A (en) * 2016-03-21 2016-06-15 苏州越湖海绵复合厂 Nanometer antibacterial insole material and method for preparing same
CN107586416A (en) * 2017-10-18 2018-01-16 德清舒华泡沫座椅有限公司 A kind of health seat cushions
CN108660584A (en) * 2018-05-23 2018-10-16 苏州凤霓绣叶文化艺术有限公司 A kind of antibacterial ceremonial dress face fabric
CN108677519A (en) * 2018-06-12 2018-10-19 吴秀华 A kind of preparation facilities and preparation method thereof of uvioresistant BCF expanded wires
CN109380819A (en) * 2018-08-07 2019-02-26 道晟拉链科技(太仓)有限公司 A kind of zipper of antibiotic property high-efficient and lasting

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CN1041018A (en) * 1988-12-21 1990-04-04 中国纺织大学 The fabric preparation and the application of antibacterial finishing agent
CN1121126A (en) * 1995-04-28 1996-04-24 郑珂 Antibiotic health fabric and its prepn method and application
JP2001200473A (en) * 2000-01-19 2001-07-27 Kao Corp Textile softener composition
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