CN107686221A - A kind of earth's surface water filtering device for Karst Rocky Desertification Region - Google Patents

A kind of earth's surface water filtering device for Karst Rocky Desertification Region Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107686221A
CN107686221A CN201710991375.2A CN201710991375A CN107686221A CN 107686221 A CN107686221 A CN 107686221A CN 201710991375 A CN201710991375 A CN 201710991375A CN 107686221 A CN107686221 A CN 107686221A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
water
layer
earth
filtering
rocky desertification
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Application number
CN201710991375.2A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
杨锦越
宋碧
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Guizhou University
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Guizhou University
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Publication date
Application filed by Guizhou University filed Critical Guizhou University
Priority to CN201710991375.2A priority Critical patent/CN107686221A/en
Publication of CN107686221A publication Critical patent/CN107686221A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F1/00Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • C02F1/52Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage by flocculation or precipitation of suspended impurities
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F3/00Biological treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • C02F3/32Biological treatment of water, waste water, or sewage characterised by the animals or plants used, e.g. algae
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F2101/00Nature of the contaminant
    • C02F2101/10Inorganic compounds
    • C02F2101/20Heavy metals or heavy metal compounds

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of earth's surface water filtering device for Karst Rocky Desertification Region, belong to water-treatment technology field.It includes settling pit and filtering ponds, the top side of filtering ponds is connected to communicating pipe, is connected by communicating pipe with settling pit, and filtering ponds bottom side is connected to delivery port, to it is lower and on be respectively equipped with cotton gauze layer, gravel layer, active carbon layer, layer of sand and soil horizon, on soil horizon kind have small grass.The surface water that will be collected into from hillside, it is first into the settling pit of the present apparatus and carries out sandstone precipitation filtering, water containing mud is entered in filtering ponds by pipeline again, soil horizon, layer of sand, active carbon layer, gravel layer and cotton gauze layer is passed sequentially through to be filtered, water clay content and impurity out greatly reduces, water quality has obtained good raising, can provide livestock drinking water and agricultural water, obtain preferable application effect.

Description

A kind of earth's surface water filtering device for Karst Rocky Desertification Region
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of earth's surface water filtering device, more particularly to a kind of surface water for Karst Rocky Desertification Region Filter, belong to water-treatment technology field.
Background technology
In the last few years, influenceed in the Karst Rocky Desertification Region in China by nature and mankind's activity, severe water and soil erosion, The woods grass of large area is degenerated, and bio-diversity reduces, and rock is exposed, Ecosystem Service entire lowering, woods grass, soil self-restraint water Source is lowered, and water resource is lost in from earth's surface to the underground space, causes the available surface water resources in Karst Rocky Desertification Region more next Fewer, the drinking-water of eco-environment restoration, people and animals to this area causes certain difficulty, therefore how to solve Karst Rocky Desertification The problem of efficient utilization of regional water, just becomes urgent problem to be solved.
Occur a variety of modes for collecting surface water resources in Karst Rocky Desertification Region at present, such as use masonry bond, use steel Plate weld water tank, also useful plastic plate bonding, which is made, collects water tank, can carry out surface water effectively to collect and store. Collecting from hillside earth's surface and form when due to surface water being mostly rainy weather, rainwater carries silt and impurity and various pollutants, Water quality is poor, if not filtered, can not be used for using, so being badly in need of a kind of filter to solve existing ask Topic.
The content of the invention
The technical problem to be solved in the present invention is:A kind of earth's surface water filtration for Karst Rocky Desertification Region is provided to fill Put, the surface water that will be collected into from hillside, be first into the settling pit of the present apparatus and carry out sandstone precipitation filtering, containing mud Water is entered in filtering ponds by pipeline again, is passed sequentially through soil horizon, layer of sand, active carbon layer, gravel layer and cotton gauze layer and is entered Row filtering, water clay content and impurity out greatly reduce, and water quality has obtained good raising, can provide livestock drinking water, Effectively solves above-mentioned problem.
The technical scheme is that:A kind of earth's surface water filtering device for Karst Rocky Desertification Region, it includes heavy Sand basin and filtering ponds, the top side of filtering ponds are connected to communicating pipe, are connected by communicating pipe with settling pit.
Filtering ponds bottom side is connected to delivery port, to it is lower and on be respectively equipped with cotton gauze layer, gravel layer, activated carbon Layer, layer of sand and soil horizon, kind has small grass on soil horizon.
The cotton yarn ply gage is 250~350mm.
The gravel layer thickness is 150~250mm, and grain size of gravel is 80~120mm.
The active carbon layer thickness is 100~300mm, and the porosity of activated carbon is 60~80%.
The sand layer thickness is 350~450mm.
The soil horizon thickness is 300~500mm.
There is water inlet settling pit top side, and top is provided with lid, and connection is connected on the lower in the another side of water inlet Pipe, the entrance point of communicating pipe are provided with screen pack.
The mesh number of the screen pack is 10~80 mesh, and material is stainless steel.
The settling pit and filtering ponds are that rectangular slab of stone refinement reality concrete is built into.
The beneficial effects of the invention are as follows:Compared with prior art, for the present invention by above technical scheme, it includes settling pit And filtering ponds, settling pit are used for filtering the thick grains of sand and impurity, filtering ponds are respectively equipped with soil horizon, layer of sand, activity from top to down Layer of charcoal, gravel layer and cotton gauze layer, kind has small grass on soil horizon, and small careless growth needs nutrient, can absorb surface water In nutrition, organic matter, algae, be flowed into soil horizon, can filtered out thick in water again by the surface water of separation Silt, and sand stone layer can then be adsorbed to the tiny husky mud in water, can further filter out the impurity in water; The a small amount of insoluble impurities and most of soluble impurity that active carbon layer is then remained in adsorbable water, such as organic pollution and a huge sum of money Belong to ion etc., gravel layer and cotton gauze layer are then the purposes for reaching essence filtering to the further filtering of water.By above-mentioned five Layer filtering, the silt particle and impurity basic filtering in surface water are clean, and water quality can reach III class water quality standard, filter effect compared with It is good.
Brief description of the drawings
A kind of surface water filter apparatus configuration schematic diagrames for Karst Rocky Desertification Region of Fig. 1.
Embodiment
To make the object, technical solutions and advantages of the present invention clearer, below with reference to this specification accompanying drawing to this hair It is bright to be described in further detail.
Embodiment 1:As shown in Figure 1, a kind of earth's surface water filtering device for Karst Rocky Desertification Region, it includes heavy Sand basin 1 and filtering ponds 13, the top side of filtering ponds 13 are connected to communicating pipe 5, are connected by communicating pipe 5 with settling pit 1, settling pit 1 and filtering ponds 13 be rectangular slab of stone refinement reality concrete be built into, the specification of settling pit 1 is 2000mm × 2000mm × 1000mm (It is long × wide × deep), the specification of filtering ponds 13 is 4000mm × 2000mm × 1500mm(It is long × wide × deep).
Further, the bottom side of filtering ponds 13 is connected to delivery port 11, to it is lower and on be respectively equipped with cotton gauze layer 10, gravel Rock layers 9, active carbon layer 8, layer of sand 7 and soil horizon 6, kind has small by careless 12 on soil horizon, and kind has small grass on soil horizon, small careless Growth needs nutrient, can absorb nutrition in surface water, organic matter, algae, is flowed into again by the surface water of separation In soil horizon, the thick silt in water can be filtered out.
Further, the thickness of cotton gauze layer 10 is 350mm, and cotton gauze layer is then to the further filtering of water, is reached To the purpose of essence filtering.
Further, the thickness of gravel layer 9 is 200mm, and grain size of gravel is 80~120mm.
Further, the thickness of active carbon layer 8 is 300mm, and the porosity of activated carbon is 60~80%, and active carbon layer can then be inhaled The a small amount of insoluble impurities and most of soluble impurity remained in attached water, such as organic pollution and heavy metal ion.
Further, the thickness of layer of sand 7 is 350mm, and sand stone layer can then be adsorbed to the tiny husky mud in water, can be with The further impurity filtered out in water.
Further, the thickness of soil horizon 6 is 300mm.Soil horizon can filter out the thick silt and impurity in surface water. Reach the effect of coarse filtration.
Further, there is water inlet 2 the top side of settling pit 1, and top is provided with lid 3, in the another side of water inlet 2 on the lower Communicating pipe 5 is connected to, the entrance point of communicating pipe 5 is provided with screen pack 4.
Further, the mesh number of screen pack 4 is 80 mesh, and material is stainless steel.
Embodiment 2:As shown in Figure 1, a kind of earth's surface water filtering device for Karst Rocky Desertification Region, it includes heavy Sand basin 1 and filtering ponds 13, the top side of filtering ponds 13 are connected to communicating pipe 5, are connected by communicating pipe 5 with settling pit 1, settling pit 1 and filtering ponds 13 be rectangular slab of stone refinement reality concrete be built into, the specification of settling pit 1 is 1500mm × 1500mm × 1000mm (It is long × wide × deep), the specification of filtering ponds 13 is 6000mm × 2000mm × 1800mm(It is long × wide × deep).
Further, the bottom side of filtering ponds 13 is connected to delivery port 11, to it is lower and on be respectively equipped with cotton gauze layer 10, gravel Rock layers 9, active carbon layer 8, layer of sand 7 and soil horizon 6, kind has small by careless 12 on soil horizon, and kind has small grass on soil horizon, small careless Growth needs nutrient, can absorb nutrition in surface water, organic matter, algae, is flowed into again by the surface water of separation In soil horizon, the thick silt in water can be filtered out.
Further, the thickness of cotton gauze layer 10 is 250mm, and cotton gauze layer is then to the further filtering of water, is reached To the purpose of essence filtering.
Further, the thickness of gravel layer 9 is 250mm, and grain size of gravel is 80~120mm.
Further, the thickness of active carbon layer 8 is 300mm, and the porosity of activated carbon is 60~80%, and active carbon layer can then be inhaled The a small amount of insoluble impurities and most of soluble impurity remained in attached water, such as organic pollution and heavy metal ion.
Further, the thickness of layer of sand 7 is 450mm, and sand stone layer can then be adsorbed to the tiny husky mud in water, can be with The further impurity filtered out in water.
Further, the thickness of soil horizon 6 is 500mm.Soil horizon can filter out the thick silt and impurity in surface water. Reach the effect of coarse filtration.
Further, there is water inlet 2 the top side of settling pit 1, and top is provided with lid 3, in the another side of water inlet 2 on the lower Communicating pipe 5 is connected to, the entrance point of communicating pipe 5 is provided with screen pack 4.
Further, the mesh number of screen pack 4 is 10 mesh, and material is stainless steel.
Part is not described in detail by the present invention, is the known technology of those skilled in the art of the present technique.Finally illustrate, the above is real Example is applied to be merely illustrative of the technical solution of the present invention and unrestricted, although having been carried out specifically to the present invention with reference to preferred embodiment It is bright, it will be understood by those within the art that, technical scheme can be modified or equivalent substitution, and The objective and scope of technical solution of the present invention are not departed from, it all should cover among scope of the presently claimed invention.

Claims (9)

1. a kind of earth's surface water filtering device for Karst Rocky Desertification Region, it includes settling pit(1), it is characterised in that:It Also include filtering ponds(13), filtering ponds(13)Top side be connected to communicating pipe(5), pass through communicating pipe(5)With settling pit(1) It is connected, the filtering ponds(13)Bottom side is connected to delivery port(11), to it is lower and on be respectively equipped with cotton gauze layer(10), gravel Layer(9), active carbon layer(8), layer of sand(7)And soil horizon(6), kind has small grass on soil horizon(12).
A kind of 2. earth's surface water filtering device for Karst Rocky Desertification Region according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: The cotton gauze layer(10)Thickness is 250~350mm.
A kind of 3. earth's surface water filtering device for Karst Rocky Desertification Region according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: The gravel layer(9)Thickness is 150~250mm, and grain size of gravel is 80~120mm.
A kind of 4. earth's surface water filtering device for Karst Rocky Desertification Region according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: The active carbon layer(8)Thickness is 100~300mm, and the porosity of activated carbon is 60~80%.
A kind of 5. earth's surface water filtering device for Karst Rocky Desertification Region according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: The layer of sand(7)Thickness is 350~450mm.
A kind of 6. earth's surface water filtering device for Karst Rocky Desertification Region according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: The soil horizon(6)Thickness is 300~500mm.
A kind of 7. earth's surface water filtering device for Karst Rocky Desertification Region according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: The settling pit(1)There is water inlet top side(2), top is provided with lid(3), in water inlet(2)Another side be connected on the lower Communicating pipe(5), communicating pipe(5)Entrance point be provided with screen pack(4).
A kind of 8. earth's surface water filtering device for Karst Rocky Desertification Region according to claim 7, it is characterised in that: The screen pack(4)Mesh number be 10~80 mesh, material is stainless steel.
A kind of 9. earth's surface water filtering device for Karst Rocky Desertification Region according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: The settling pit(1)And filtering ponds(13)It is built into for rectangular slab of stone refinement reality concrete.
CN201710991375.2A 2017-10-23 2017-10-23 A kind of earth's surface water filtering device for Karst Rocky Desertification Region Pending CN107686221A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710991375.2A CN107686221A (en) 2017-10-23 2017-10-23 A kind of earth's surface water filtering device for Karst Rocky Desertification Region

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710991375.2A CN107686221A (en) 2017-10-23 2017-10-23 A kind of earth's surface water filtering device for Karst Rocky Desertification Region

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN107686221A true CN107686221A (en) 2018-02-13

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201710991375.2A Pending CN107686221A (en) 2017-10-23 2017-10-23 A kind of earth's surface water filtering device for Karst Rocky Desertification Region

Country Status (1)

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CN (1) CN107686221A (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108575834A (en) * 2018-04-11 2018-09-28 集美大学 A kind of method handling surface water and the method for preventing sea eel ich

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108575834A (en) * 2018-04-11 2018-09-28 集美大学 A kind of method handling surface water and the method for preventing sea eel ich

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