CN107647456B - Agricultural green Chinese onion processing apparatus - Google Patents

Agricultural green Chinese onion processing apparatus Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107647456B
CN107647456B CN201710937484.6A CN201710937484A CN107647456B CN 107647456 B CN107647456 B CN 107647456B CN 201710937484 A CN201710937484 A CN 201710937484A CN 107647456 B CN107647456 B CN 107647456B
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scallion
box
main
cover plate
feeding table
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CN201710937484.6A
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CN107647456A (en
Inventor
张新侠
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XUZHOU XINNANHU TECHNOLOGY Co.,Ltd.
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Xuzhou Xinnanhu Technology Co ltd
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Publication of CN107647456A publication Critical patent/CN107647456A/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23NMACHINES OR APPARATUS FOR TREATING HARVESTED FRUIT, VEGETABLES OR FLOWER BULBS IN BULK, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; PEELING VEGETABLES OR FRUIT IN BULK; APPARATUS FOR PREPARING ANIMAL FEEDING- STUFFS
    • A23N15/00Machines or apparatus for other treatment of fruits or vegetables for human purposes; Machines or apparatus for topping or skinning flower bulbs
    • A23N15/08Devices for topping or skinning onions or flower bulbs

Abstract

The invention discloses an agricultural scallion treatment device, and discloses a device for gathering scallion leaves and scallion roots and cutting off the scallion leaves and the scallion roots in the transmission process, and then peeling dry and hard rotten scallion skin on the surface layer of the scallion by contrarotating two groups of rotary brush drums. The novel multifunctional garbage bin is characterized in that the main bin is a cuboid, the right side of the main bin is arranged on the feeding table, two supports are arranged at the bottom of the feeding table and are parallel to each other, baffles are arranged on two sides of the feeding table respectively, a plurality of inclined guide grooves are formed in the feeding table, the bottom of the main bin is arranged on the collecting bin, guide plates are arranged on two sides of the main bin respectively and correspond to the collecting bin respectively, one end of the cover plate is arranged on the left side of the main bin, the other end of the cover plate is bent upwards to the upper side of the main bin and horizontally extends for a certain distance along the direction of the main bin, the other end of the cover plate is tilted upwards, the two sides of the cover plate are provided with furled blocks respectively, and the main bin is.

Description

Agricultural green Chinese onion processing apparatus
Technical Field
The invention discloses an agricultural green Chinese onion treatment device, relates to a device for peeling, rooting and leaf removing treatment of green Chinese onions harvested in a field, and belongs to the field of agricultural product processing. In particular to a device for gathering and cutting off partial scallion leaves and scallion roots in the transmission process and then peeling dry, hard and rotten scallion skin on the surface layer of the scallion by contrarotating of two groups of rotary brush cylinders.
Background
At present, scallion is taken as a vegetable with large food consumption in daily life, and is circulated in the market in large quantity, after the scallion is collected from a field, a large amount of soil is attached to the root of the scallion, so that more space is occupied in the transportation process, carrying load is increased, energy consumption is increased, microorganisms attached to the soil easily cause early rot of the scallion, therefore, before the transportation, the root of the scallion is usually cut off to avoid the damage of the soil at the root to the scallion, the collected scallion is newly picked, the skin on the surface layer is mostly dry and hard or rotten, if the rotten skin is not removed in time, the rotten speed of the scallion is easily accelerated, the transportation and the storage are not facilitated, the scallion peeling mode which is commonly used at present is that the scallion leaves are manually peeled off by using a cutter, then the scallion skin is peeled off by hand, and the efficiency is low by adopting the manual peeling mode, the long-time labor operation has the defects that the fingers of workers are greatly damaged, the scallion is peeled for a long time, the juice of the scallion is stained on the bodies of the workers, the pungent taste is difficult to remove, and the long-time breathing pungent smell has large damage to the bodies of the workers, so that the scallion peeling operation is not suitable for large-scale peeling operation.
Disclosure of Invention
In order to improve the condition, the agricultural scallion treatment device provided by the invention is a device for gathering and cutting scallion leaves and scallion roots in the transmission process, and then peeling the dry and hard and rotten scallion skin on the surface layer of the scallion by contrarotating two groups of rotary brush drums.
The invention relates to an agricultural green Chinese onion treatment device, which is realized by the following steps: the invention relates to an agricultural green Chinese onion processing device, which consists of a main body device, a transmission device and a peeling device, wherein the main body device consists of a cover plate, a protection plate, a furling block, a main body box, a feeding table, a baffle plate, a support, a collecting box and a material guide plate, the main body box is a cuboid, the left side of the main body box is of an open structure, the feeding table is arranged on the right side of the main body box, the bottom of the feeding table is provided with two supports which are parallel to each other, the two sides of the feeding table are respectively provided with the baffle plate, the feeding table is provided with a plurality of inclined guide grooves, the collecting box is arranged on the bottom of the main body box, the front side and the rear side of the main body box are respectively provided with the material guide plate and respectively correspond to the collecting box, one end of the cover plate is arranged on the left side of the main body box, the other, the conveying device comprises a main box, a cover plate, a transmission device, a plurality of belt pulleys, two push rods, two annular cutting knives, two belt pulleys, two push rods, two annular cutting knives, two belt pulleys and two belt pulleys, wherein the two belt pulleys are arranged on the main box, the two belt pulleys are connected with each other through the conveying belt, the push rods are arranged on the conveying belt at equal intervals, the upper side of the conveying belt is flush with the opening of the main box, the two annular cutting knives are respectively and rotatably arranged on the two sides of the cover plate, the peeling device comprises a fixed plate, a rotary brush cylinder, an auxiliary power box, a connecting plate, a main power box, a driven gear, fixed frames, a driving gear, a driving motor and a transmission belt, wherein the two annular cutting knives are rotatably arranged on the main body box respectively and correspond to the annular cutting knives on two sides of the cover plate one by one, the two fixed frames are respectively arranged at the bottom of the left side of the main body box, the bottom ends of the two fixed frames are connected through the connecting plate, the connecting plate is an inclined plate, the height of the connecting plate is gradually reduced from one side of the fixed frames to the other side, the side edges of the two fixed frames are respectively provided with the fixed plates, the thickness of the fixed plates is gradually increased from top to bottom, the middle part of each fixed plate is provided with an S-shaped groove, the S-shaped groove is wide in inlet and narrow in outlet, the cover plate comprises a main power box, a secondary power box, a driving gear, two groups of rotary brush drums, a belt pulley, a silica gel sleeve and a driven gear, wherein the main power box is arranged at one end of the cover plate and is arranged on the other fixed frame, the two supports are arranged at the bottom of the main power box and are parallel to each other, the driving gear is arranged in the main power box and the secondary power box respectively, the driving gear is arranged on a motor shaft of the driving motor, the two groups of rotary brush drums are arranged in the main power box and the secondary power box respectively, each group of rotary brush drums is composed of a plurality of rotary brush drums, a driven gear is arranged on a shaft close to one end of each rotary brush drum of the driving motor and is meshed with the driving gear on the shaft of the adjacent driving motor, the belt pulley is arranged on.
The "front", "back", "left" and "right" referred to above and hereinafter are in the view direction of fig. 1.
When in use, the method specifically comprises the following steps:
1. firstly, the scallion is transversely placed on a feeding table, and under the action of an inclined guide groove on the feeding table, the root of the scallion is gradually close to a baffle on one side of the feeding table in the process that the scallion slides down along the feeding table;
2. the root parts and the leaves of the scallion slide on the two conveying belts respectively and are positioned between the two adjacent push rods respectively;
3. the conveying belt is driven by the power shaft to rotate so as to drive the green onions to move from the right side to the left side along the main box;
4. when the scallion moves to the position of the furling block, the scallion leaves and the scallion roots are gathered, and the annular cutting knife cuts off the scallion roots and part of the scallion leaves;
5. the cut scallion roots and scallion leaves respectively enter a collecting box along corresponding material guide plates to be collected;
6. the green onions continuously move along the conveying belt and fall between the two fixing frames when moving to the left side of the main body box;
7. the driving motors in the main power box and the auxiliary power box work, driving gears on motor shafts of the driving motors rotate and drive meshed driven gears to rotate so as to drive the adjacent rotary brush drums to rotate, and the rotary brush drums drive the other rotary brush drums in the same group to rotate through a transmission belt so as to enable the two groups of rotary brush drums to rotate oppositely;
8. in the rotation process of the two groups of rotary brush drums, dry, hard and rotten scallion skin on the surface layer of the scallion is removed through the friction force between the rotary brush drums and the scallion;
9. finally, the scallion with the skin removed slides along the connecting plate and falls into an external storage device;
the thickness of the fixing plate is gradually increased from top to bottom, so that the end with the scallion leaves is always in the S-shaped groove in the downward sliding process of the scallion, the scallion is kept to be horizontally placed downwards, and the end with the scallion leaves of the scallion is prevented from being pulled into the space between the two fixing frames under the action of the rotary brush drum;
the middle part of the fixed plate is provided with an S-shaped groove, so that the scallion can swing and pull the skin to be peeled conveniently in the falling process of the scallion along the fixed frame;
the inlet of the S-shaped groove is wide, the outlet of the S-shaped groove is narrow, and the inlet of the S-shaped groove is in a trumpet-shaped design, so that one end of the scallion with scallion leaves can conveniently fall into the S-shaped groove;
the design that the silica gel sleeve is arranged on the outer side of the rotary brush cylinder can simulate the scallion peeling by hands, and the friction force is large, so that the scallion is not damaged;
the feeding table is provided with a plurality of inclined guide grooves, so that the root of the scallion is close to the baffle on one side of the feeding table in the process that the scallion slides down along the feeding table, and the subsequent root cutting operation is facilitated;
the aim of peeling the dry, hard and rotten scallion skin on the surface layer of the scallion is fulfilled.
Advantageous effects
The structure is simple, and the device is convenient and practical.
And secondly, the peeling efficiency of the scallion can be improved.
And thirdly, the scallion peeling machine is suitable for large-batch scallion peeling work.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a perspective view of an agricultural green Chinese onion treatment apparatus according to the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a three-dimensional structure diagram of a collecting box of the agricultural green Chinese onion treatment device;
FIG. 3 is a perspective exploded view of an agricultural scallion treatment device of the present invention.
In the attached drawings
Wherein the parts are: fixed plate (1), a rotatory brush section of thick bamboo (2), push rod (3), conveyor belt (4), annular cutting knife (5), apron (6), guard plate (7), draw in piece (8), main part case (9), pan feeding platform (10), baffle (11), power shaft (12), fixing bearing (13), support (14), collecting box (15), stock guide (16), auxiliary power case (17), connecting plate (18), main power case (19), driven gear (20), fixed frame (21), driving gear (22), driving motor (23), driving belt (24), belt pulley (25).
The specific implementation mode is as follows:
the agricultural scallion treatment device is realized in such a way that the agricultural scallion treatment device comprises the following steps when in use:
1. firstly, the scallion is transversely placed on a feeding table (10), and under the action of an inclined guide groove on the feeding table (10), the root of the scallion is gradually close to a baffle (11) on one side of the feeding table (10) in the process that the scallion slides down along the feeding table (10);
2. the root parts and the leaves of the scallion slide on the two conveying belts (4) respectively and are positioned between the two adjacent push rods (3) respectively;
3. the conveying belt (4) is driven by the power shaft (12) to rotate, so that the green onions are driven to move from the right side to the left side along the main box (9);
4. when the scallion moves to the position of the furling block (8), the scallion leaves and the scallion roots are gathered, and the annular cutting knife (5) cuts off the scallion roots and part of the scallion leaves;
5. the cut scallion roots and scallion leaves respectively enter a collecting box (15) along corresponding material guide plates (16) for collection;
6. the green onions continuously move along the conveying belt (4) and fall into the space between the two fixing frames (21) when moving to the left side of the main body box (9);
7. the driving motors (23) in the main power box (19) and the auxiliary power box (17) work, a driving gear (22) on a motor shaft of each driving motor (23) rotates and drives a meshed driven gear (20) to rotate so as to drive the adjacent rotary brush drums (2) and (2) to rotate, and the rotary brush drums (2) drive the other rotary brush drums (2) in the same group to rotate through a transmission belt (24), so that the two groups of rotary brush drums (2) are opposite to each other;
8. in the rotation process of the two groups of rotary brush cylinders (2), dry, hard and rotten scallion skin on the surface layer of the scallion is removed through the friction force between the rotary brush cylinders (2) and the scallion;
9. finally, the scallion after peeling slides along the connecting plate (18) and falls into an external storage device;
the thickness of the fixing plate (1) is gradually increased from top to bottom, so that the end with the scallion leaves is always in the S-shaped groove in the downward sliding process of the scallion, the scallion is kept to be horizontally placed downwards, and the end with the scallion leaves of the scallion is prevented from being pulled into the space between the two fixing frames (21) under the action force of the rotary brush cylinder (2);
the middle part of the fixed plate (1) is provided with an S-shaped groove, so that the scallion can swing to pull the skin to be peeled conveniently in the falling process of the scallion along the fixed frame (21);
the inlet of the S-shaped groove is wide, the outlet of the S-shaped groove is narrow, and the inlet of the S-shaped groove is in a trumpet-shaped design, so that one end of the scallion with scallion leaves can conveniently fall into the S-shaped groove;
the design that the silica gel sleeve is arranged on the outer side of the rotary brush cylinder (2) can simulate a person to peel the scallion skin by hands, and the friction force is large, so that the scallion is not damaged;
the feeding table (10) is provided with a plurality of inclined guide grooves, so that the root of the scallion is close to the baffle (11) on one side of the feeding table (10) in the process that the scallion slides down along the feeding table (10), and the subsequent root cutting operation is facilitated;
the aim of peeling the dry, hard and rotten scallion skin on the surface layer of the scallion is fulfilled.

Claims (7)

1. An agricultural green Chinese onion processing device is characterized in that: the feeding table is arranged on the right side of the main box, two supports are arranged at the bottom of the feeding table and are parallel to each other, baffles are respectively arranged on two sides of the feeding table, a plurality of inclined guide grooves are formed in the feeding table, the collecting box is arranged at the bottom of the main box, guide plates are respectively arranged on the front side and the rear side of the main box and respectively correspond to the collecting box, one end of the cover plate is arranged on the left side of the main box, two drawing blocks are respectively arranged on two sides of the cover plate, two drawing blocks are respectively arranged on the main box and respectively correspond to the two drawing blocks on the cover plate, two protection plates are respectively arranged on two sides of the cover plate and are positioned on one side of the corresponding side drawing blocks, two power shafts respectively penetrate through the left side and the right side of the main box, a fixed bearing is arranged between the power shafts and the main box, the two belt pulleys in the same group are respectively arranged on two power shafts, the two belt pulleys in the same group are connected through a conveying belt, a plurality of push rods are equidistantly arranged on the conveying belt, the upper side of the conveying belt is flush with the opening of the main box, two annular cutting knives are respectively and rotatably arranged on two sides of the cover plate and respectively correspond to the protection plates on the corresponding sides, the two annular cutting knives are respectively and rotatably arranged on the main box and respectively correspond to the annular cutting knives on the two sides of the cover plate one by one, two fixing frames are respectively arranged at the bottom of the left side of the main box, the bottom ends of the two fixing frames are connected through a connecting plate, the side edges of the two fixing frames are respectively provided with a fixing plate, the auxiliary power box is arranged on the collecting box and is arranged on one fixing frame, the main power box is arranged at one end, the driving brush drum and the auxiliary brush drum are parallel to each other, driving motors are arranged in the main power box and the auxiliary power box respectively, a driving gear is arranged on a motor shaft of each driving motor, two groups of rotating brush drums are arranged in the main power box and the auxiliary power box respectively, each group of rotating brush drums comprises a plurality of rotating brush drums, a driven gear is arranged on a shaft close to one end of each rotating brush drum of each driving motor and meshed with a driving gear on a motor shaft of the adjacent driving motor, a belt pulley is arranged on a shaft at the other end of each rotating brush drum, and belt pulleys on shafts at the other ends of the plurality of rotating brush drums in the same group are connected through a transmission belt.
2. The agricultural green Chinese onion treatment device according to claim 1, wherein the main body box is a rectangular parallelepiped, and the left side of the main body box is of an open structure.
3. The agricultural green Chinese onion processing device according to claim 1, wherein the other end of the cover plate is bent upwards to a position above the main body box and horizontally extends for a certain distance along the direction of the main body box, and the other end of the cover plate is tilted upwards.
4. The agricultural scallion treatment device according to claim 1, wherein the connecting plate is an inclined plate, and the height of the connecting plate is gradually reduced from one side of the fixing frame to the other side.
5. The agricultural green Chinese onion treatment device according to claim 1, wherein a thickness of the fixing plate is gradually increased from top to bottom.
6. The agricultural green Chinese onion treatment device according to claim 5, wherein an S-shaped groove is formed in the middle of the fixing plate, the S-shaped groove is wide in inlet and narrow in outlet, and the inlet is horn-shaped.
7. The agricultural scallion treatment device according to claim 1, wherein a silica gel sleeve is arranged outside the rotary brush cylinder.
CN201710937484.6A 2017-09-30 2017-09-30 Agricultural green Chinese onion processing apparatus Active CN107647456B (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710937484.6A CN107647456B (en) 2017-09-30 2017-09-30 Agricultural green Chinese onion processing apparatus

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710937484.6A CN107647456B (en) 2017-09-30 2017-09-30 Agricultural green Chinese onion processing apparatus

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CN107647456B true CN107647456B (en) 2020-12-11

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Families Citing this family (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108741166B (en) * 2018-06-07 2020-09-15 杭州如剑电子设备有限公司 Manual root and plant separating device for separated scallion
CN109007921A (en) * 2018-07-11 2018-12-18 北海和思科技有限公司 A kind of shallot removes root and plant division and cleaning device automatically
CN108903029B (en) * 2018-08-03 2024-04-19 谢忠民 Full-automatic green Chinese onion peeling machine
CN109077337A (en) * 2018-08-27 2018-12-25 杨志刚 A kind of onion peeler
CN112009779A (en) * 2020-08-27 2020-12-01 石家庄旭家焊接材料有限公司 Automatic packing machine for welding materials

Family Cites Families (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH09206048A (en) * 1996-02-06 1997-08-12 Sato Noki Kk Strip-off machine for scallions skins
CN201057709Y (en) * 2007-04-19 2008-05-14 王海山 Garlic rhizoma cutting machine
CN203537873U (en) * 2013-09-09 2014-04-16 陕西山泽农业科技有限公司 Garlic sprout harvester
CN204540703U (en) * 2015-03-24 2015-08-12 河南工业大学 Brush type skinning machine
CN105129317B (en) * 2015-08-27 2017-10-27 河南省创佳食品有限公司 A kind of asparagus cuts root processing and packing equipment

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Effective date of registration: 20201110

Address after: 221000 LOFTC Building of Hanyuan Avenue West Green Business City, Yunlong District, Xuzhou City, Jiangsu Province

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Address before: 221008 Quanshan Mine Science Park, Xuzhou City, Jiangsu Province, with Innovation Block F

Applicant before: Zhang Xinxia

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