CN107620283B - Collection snow row avenges one-piece type snow sweeper and its snow-removing method - Google Patents

Collection snow row avenges one-piece type snow sweeper and its snow-removing method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107620283B
CN107620283B CN201710664822.3A CN201710664822A CN107620283B CN 107620283 B CN107620283 B CN 107620283B CN 201710664822 A CN201710664822 A CN 201710664822A CN 107620283 B CN107620283 B CN 107620283B
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snow
collection
row
ice
sweeper
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CN107620283A (en
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武星
楼佩煌
张万雷
王龙军
钱晓明
陈华
李林慧
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Nanjing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics
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Nanjing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics
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Abstract

Row is avenged the invention discloses a kind of collection and avenges one-piece type snow sweeper and its snow-removing method, with ice-breaking, collection snow, row's snow and the procedure snow removal function for depositing snow.Using a kind of crawler type snow removing collection snow device of double-strand coordinated drive, drive the accumulated snow ice sheet of the cutting of collection snow blade, broken ground, and it is transported to top from the bottom of collection snowslide by the way of relay-type push by multiple collection snow blades, then transmitting device is avenged by the row of being collected into collection snow guiding device.Finally in the way of row's snow of row's snow transfer adjustment row's snow transmitting device, greenbelt, fortune sled or snow sweeper trailer may be selected as snow object is deposited, be conducive to snow sweeper and work continuously.For different snow removing tasks, the collection of adjustment snow removing in time avenges the cutting angle at the inclination angle of device, collection snow blade, replaces different types of snow removing element, significantly improves efficiency of cleaning snow.

Description

Collection snow row avenges one-piece type snow sweeper and its snow-removing method
Technical field
The invention belongs to special vehicle design and manufacturing technology fields, and referring specifically to generation one kind, there is ice-breaking, collection snow, row to avenge and deposit The collection snow row of wachte journey snow removal function avenges one-piece type snow sweeper and its snow-removing method.
Background technique
The northern area of China winter general persistence is longer, and disaster caused by snowy day happens occasionally, thus snowy day must It must remove the snow in time.Existing snow removing mode, which has, manually to be removed the snow, spread deicing salt or is directly shifted on both sides of the road with machinery such as forklifts. It manually removes the snow time-consuming and laborious, spreading deicing salt will cause environmental pollution, and the forklift snow removing slow efficiency of speed is too low.Therefore for time saving province Power snow removing, also has developed some dedicated snow sweepers both at home and abroad.Such as the snow sweeper of magnificent boat heavy industry production uses pulley type capstan winch Collect accumulated snow, then accumulated snow is dished out by snow blower, at the same deicing salt thawing accumulated snow, this snow removing mode the problem is that The phenomenon that energy consumption is too big, and there are still deicing salt pollution environment.Snow sweeper also but will cause a large amount of energy using thermal energy snow melt Consumption, inefficiency.Chinese invention patent application number is CN201510219587.X, a kind of entitled " high efficiency snow sweeper And manufacturing method " in, it is noted that a kind of dedicated snow removing shovel is promoted accumulated snow into the storage sled at rear by elevator, and Rear installation inhales snow device and removes remaining accumulated snow.Its snow removing mode is also pulley type collection snow, and inhales snow formula collection snow and vertical-lift Accumulated snow will cause accumulated snow and be not easily accessed in promotion tipping bucket, be easy to leak down in the two gap or accumulated snow is caused to accumulate.
Summary of the invention
Above-mentioned the deficiencies in the prior art are directed to, row is avenged the purpose of the present invention is to provide a kind of collection and avenges one-piece type snow sweeper And its snow-removing method, to solve commonly to remove the snow in the prior art, the degree of automation is low, and snow sweeper collection is avenged, row's snow cannot be continuous and makes It is lower at efficiency of cleaning snow, road surface may be damaged during snow removing, pollute the problem of environment.Snow sweeper of the present invention does not use snow melt Agent can handle in different ways accumulated snow according to road conditions, can select difference for different accumulated snow road conditions Collection snow blade carry out Snow removing, while can also adjust collection snow blade cutting angle.Improve the automatic of snow removing process Change degree reaches quick, high-efficiency and continuous snow removing, and does not damage the purpose on road surface.
In order to achieve the above objectives, The technical solution adopted by the invention is as follows:
A kind of collection snow row of the invention avenges one-piece type snow sweeper, comprising: snow removing collection snow device, row's snow transmitting device, row's snow Transfer, dip angle regulating device, collection snow guiding device, snow removing chassis, snow sweeper driver's cabin and Vehicle Controller;Snow sweeper Driver's cabin is located at the front left side of snow removing chassis;Snow removing collection snow device is installed on snow sweeper bottom by the first axle inclination of bottom The forward right side of disk, and be connected by the second hinge of bottom with one end of dip angle regulating device;The other end of dip angle regulating device It is connected by third hinge with snow removing chassis, the pitching movement of snow removing collection snow device and the stretching motion of dip angle regulating device close Connection, dip angle regulating device are electrically connected with the vehicle-mounted controller;Row's snow transfer is installed among the rear side of snow removing chassis, row's snow Transmitting device is fixedly connected on the steering platform of row's snow transfer, and row's snow transmitting device is with steering platform relative to snow sweeper Chassis horizontally rotates;Collection snow guiding device is located between snow removing collection snow device and row's snow transmitting device, and surface is smooth, and two There is baffle in side, and one end is fixedly connected with the top that snow removing collects snow device, and the row of protruding into avenges the upper of transmitting device to the other end diagonally downward Side.
Preferably, snow removing collection snow device uses a kind of crawler type snow removing structure of double-strand coordinated drive: in collection snowslide two In the collection snowbreak plate of side, it is arranged symmetrically two transmission chain brackets;Driving chain mechanism, collection snow are installed respectively on transmission chain bracket The both ends of blade are individually fixed in the corresponding position in Liang Tiao driving chain mechanism;The drive sprocket of driving chain mechanism is by removing the snow Motor driven, snow removing motor be electrically connected Vehicle Controller, the revolving speed of Vehicle Controller Collaborative Control Liang Tiao driving chain mechanism and Phase.
Preferably, the body portion of collection snow blade uses the preferable metal material of ductility, and matrix top is mountable or more Change the snow removing element such as metal hairbrush, rubber hairbrush or metal cutting sword of unlike material and geometrical characteristic.
Preferably, driving chain mechanism further includes driven sprocket, transmission auxiliary wheel, chain and tensioning apparatus;Drive sprocket It is movably installed in one end of transmission chain bracket, the other end of transmission chain bracket is equipped with tensioning apparatus, on the end of tensioning apparatus It is movably installed with driven sprocket;Transmission auxiliary wheel is movably installed in the two sides up and down of transmission chain bracket, is evenly arranged in drive chain Between wheel and driven sprocket;Chain is meshed with drive sprocket, driven sprocket respectively, and transmission auxiliary wheel is in contact with chain and can It relatively rotates;The tightness of driving chain mechanism is adjusted in tensioning apparatus.
Preferably, snow removing motor is fixedly installed in the outside of collection snowbreak plate, is fixed with actively on the output shaft for the motor that removes the snow Gear;Drive sprocket is coaxially fixed with driven gear;Driving gear is meshed with driven gear.
Preferably, row's snow transfer includes steering screw, steering gear worm, steering motor and turns to platform, is installed on and turns The inside of platform shield;Steering screw is movably installed on snow removing chassis and keeps its axis horizontal, steering gear worm activity installation In snow removing chassis on and keep its axis vertical, steering screw is meshed with steering gear worm;One end of steering screw and steering The output shaft of motor is fixedly connected, and is driven by steering motor, and steering motor is electrically connected Vehicle Controller;Turn to the fixed peace of platform The upper surface of turntable shield is stretched out on upper surface loaded on steering gear worm, the top for turning to platform.
Preferably, row's snow transmitting device includes row's snow conveyer belt, active roll tube, auxiliary roller, driven roller, roller bracket With row's snowbreak plate;Row's snowbreak plate is fixedly installed in the upper surface for turning to platform, is arranged symmetrically two roller branch in row's snowbreak plate Frame;Active roll tube and driven roller are movably installed in the both ends of roller bracket respectively, and auxiliary roller is evenly arranged in active roll tube It is flexibly connected between driven roller, and with roller bracket;Row's snow conveyer belt is non-metallic;There is blend stop on row's snow conveyer belt Increasing friction force guarantees accumulated snow smooth delivery of power;The inside both ends of row's snow conveyer belt are formed with tooth-shape structure, active roll tube, help roll The both ends of cylinder and driven roller are also formed with the tooth-shape structure of same size, and row's snow conveyer belt is installed on drive roll by tooth form engagement Between cylinder and driven roller, and support is provided by auxiliary roller;Active roll tube avenges motor driven by row, and row's snow motor, which is electrically connected, to be picked up Set controller.
Preferably, row's snow motor is fixedly installed in the upper surface for turning to platform, is fixed with master on the output shaft of row's snow motor Dynamic belt pulley;Active roll tube is coaxially fixed with driven pulley;It is driven between drive pulley and driven pulley by belt.
A kind of collection snow row of the invention avenges the snow-removing method of one-piece type snow sweeper, comprises the following steps that
1) ice-breaking operates: Vehicle Controller drives the rotation of driving chain mechanism by snow removing motor driven drive sprocket, from The collection snow blade that snow sweeper driver's cabin collects the viewing of snow device to snow removing counterclockwise, to install in driving chain mechanism passes through rotation Turn the accumulated snow ice sheet of translation compound motion cutting and broken ground;
2) collection snow operation: for the ice and snow fragment by the snow blade cutting of front collection, the rotation of collection snow blade below is utilized Movement is involved in the collection snowslide of snow removing collection snow device, and is avenged by the way of relay-type push from collection by multiple collection snow blade The bottom of slideway is transported to top, and is collected into collection snow guiding device;
3) row's snow operation: ice and snow fragment is pooled in row's snow transmitting device by collection snow guiding device, and Vehicle Controller passes through Row's snow motor driven active roll tube, the row's of drive snow conveyer belt rotation, the ice and snow fragment in row's snow transmitting device is discharged;
4) it deposits snow operation: mode is avenged according to the adjustable whole deposit of road conditions, if ice and snow fragment can be stored in the greenbelt on road both sides, Or the fortune sled of traveling is followed beside snow sweeper, Vehicle Controller drives steering gear worm by steering motor, drives to turn to and put down Row on platform avenges transmitting device, turns to suitable angle relative to snow removing chassis, by ice and snow fragment store in greenbelt or It transports in sled;If one trailer of snow sweeper rear traction, platform is turned to without rotating, directly by arranging snow transmitting device for ice Snow fragment is discharged in trailer.
Preferably, the snow-removing method is specific further include:
The Inclination maneuver operation of snow removing collection snow device: snow removing collection snow device is adjusted for ice-snow on pavement thickness and hardness Inclination angle, if the thickness of ice and snow layer is larger or hardness is higher, Vehicle Controller controls the contractile motion of dip angle regulating device, and reduction removes The inclination angle of snow collection snow device;If the thickness of ice and snow layer is smaller or hardness is lower, Vehicle Controller control dip angle regulating device is stretched Long movement increases the inclination angle of snow removing collection snow device;
The cutting angle of collection snow blade adjusts operation: for the cutting of ice-snow on pavement thickness and hardness adjustment collection snow blade Angle: if the thickness of ice and snow layer is larger or hardness is higher, the snow removing motor of Vehicle Controller control Liang Tiao driving chain mechanism has Biggish phase difference increases the cutting angle of collection snow blade;If the thickness of ice and snow layer is smaller or hardness is lower, Vehicle Controller control The snow removing motor of Liang Tiao driving chain mechanism has lesser phase difference, reduces the cutting angle of collection snow blade;
The snow removing element replacement operation of collection snow blade: for ice-snow on pavement thickness and hardness replacement snow removing element: if ice The thickness of snow deposit is larger or hardness is higher, and the top of collection snow blade uses metal cutting sword;If the thickness of ice and snow layer is smaller or hard Spend it is lower, collection snow blade top use metal hairbrush;If road surface only has accumulated snow without icing, the top of collection snow blade uses rubber Glue hairbrush.
Beneficial effects of the present invention:
Present invention employs dedicated collection to avenge blade, devises the device of the defeated snow one of collection snow, there is no accumulated snow accumulations Problem.And device flexibly handles accumulated snow using rotation driving is used at rear.The accumulated snow of front conveying can completely at any time It is transported by front vehicle, or is emitted into roadside in real time, outstanding advantages are can be in the case where uninterrupted traffic with the smallest generation Valence, shortest time remove accumulated snow, and improve urban highway traffic conevying efficiency and traffic safety.Specifically,
(1) with ice-breaking, collection snow, row's snow and the procedure snow removal function for depositing snow, it can uninterruptedly remove the snow, significantly mention High efficiency of cleaning snow.
(2) it is directed to ice-snow on pavement thickness and hardness, the inclination angle sum aggregate snow blade of snow removing collection snow device can be adjusted in time The different types of snow removing element of blade exchanging is avenged for collection in cutting angle, under the premise of meeting the limitation of snow sweeper overall power, effectively Efficiency of cleaning snow is improved, road surface snow removing quality is improved, reduces snow removing component abrasion, avoids the damage of snow removing operation road pavement.
(3) can be adjusted flexibly according to road conditions and deposit snow mode: can by ice and snow fragment store in the greenbelt on road both sides, or It is stored in beside snow sweeper and follows the fortune sled of traveling, or be stored in the included trailer in snow sweeper rear, be conducive in product It avenges thicker and continuous snowy situation and descends continuous snow removing.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is snow sweeper overall structure diagram;
Fig. 2 is snow removing collection snow schematic device;
Fig. 3 is dip angle regulating device schematic diagram;
Fig. 4 is the global schematic diagram of row's snow transmitting device;
Fig. 5 is the partial schematic diagram of row's snow transmitting device;
Fig. 6 is the enlarged drawing in Fig. 5 at M;
Fig. 7 is row's snow transfer schematic diagram;
Fig. 8 a is the schematic diagram for cutting blade type collection snow blade;
Fig. 8 b is the schematic diagram of brush type collection snow blade;
In figure: 1, snow removing collection snow device;2, row's snow transmitting device;3, row's snow transfer;4, dip angle regulating device;5, collect Avenge guiding device;6, remove the snow chassis;7, snow sweeper driver's cabin;8, transmission chain bracket;9, cross bar;10, collect snowbreak plate;11, it holds Weight frame;12, drive sprocket;13, driven sprocket;14, it is driven auxiliary wheel;15, remove the snow motor;16, chain;17, collection snow blade; 18, tensioning apparatus;19, gear transverse bearing seat;20, collect snowslide;21, driven gear;22, driving gear;23, the second hinge Chain;24, hydraulic cylinder;25, engine;26, first axle;27, third hinge;28, row's snow motor;29, driven pulley;30, Belt;31, row's snow conveyer belt;32, waterproof cover plate;33, turntable shield;34, platform is turned to;35, active roll tube;36, help roll Cylinder;37, driven roller;38, drive pulley;39, battery;40, roller bracket;41, weight frame is held in the palm;42, snowbreak plate is arranged;43, Roller bearing;44, roller shaft;45, steering screw;46, steering gear worm;47, steering motor;48, bottom plate;49, worm bearing; 50, worm bearing seat;51, cutting edge;52, hairbrush.
Specific embodiment
For the ease of the understanding of those skilled in the art, the present invention is made further below with reference to embodiment and attached drawing Bright, the content that embodiment refers to not is limitation of the invention.
It is one-piece type that the present invention provides a kind of collection snow row's snow for avenging and depositing wachte journey snow removal function with ice-breaking, collection snow, row Snow sweeper.Using a kind of crawler type snow removing collection snow device of double-strand coordinated drive, by a pair of snow removing motor coordinated drive transmission Link chain mechanism drives collection snow blade by the accumulated snow ice sheet of rotation translation compound motion cutting and broken ground, and by multiple collection Snow blade is transported to top from the bottom of collection snowslide by the way of relay-type push, then by being collected into collection snow guiding device In row's snow transmitting device.Finally in the way of row's snow of row's snow transfer adjustment row's snow transmitting device, ice and snow fragment can be deposited It is stored in the greenbelt on road both sides, is perhaps stored in after following the fortune sled of traveling beside snow sweeper or be stored in snow sweeper Just in included trailer, be conducive to continuous snow removing in thicker in accumulated snow and continuous snowy situation.
Shown in referring to Fig.1, a kind of collection snow row of the invention avenges one-piece type snow sweeper, comprising: snow removing collection snow device 1, row's snow Transmitting device 2, row's snow transfer 3, dip angle regulating device 4, collection snow guiding device 5, snow removing chassis 6, snow sweeper driver's cabin 7 And Vehicle Controller;
When snow removing traveling operation, accumulated snow is by snow device 1 collection of snow removing collection and is transferred to top, falls into collection snow guiding device In 5, the row for being then sent to lower right avenges transmitting device 2, then is sent out accumulated snow by row's snow transmitting device 2.It is filled by Inclination maneuver 4 adjustment snow removing collection snow device 1 is set to suitable snow removing tilt angle;The rotation of row's snow control row's snow transmitting device 2 of transfer 3 Angle, in a manner of adapting to different storages and avenge.
Referring to shown in Fig. 2, snow removing collection snow device 1 mainly by driving chain mechanism, chain drive mechanism, transmission chain bracket 8, Cross bar 9, collection snowbreak plate 10, collection 20 sum aggregate of snowslide snow blade 17 form.Driving chain mechanism includes drive sprocket 12, driven chain Wheel 13, transmission auxiliary wheel 14, chain 16 and tensioning apparatus 18.It is connected and composed between transmission cuff link in chain 16 by pin.One To a driving chain mechanism is respectively symmetrically equipped on transmission chain bracket 8, connected between two transmission chain brackets 8 with cross bar 9 is fixed It connects.16 liang of end caps of chain on drive sprocket 12 and driven sprocket 13 (package assembly of side chain 16 is only illustrated in Fig. 2, Other side chain 16 only illustrates one section of the part for installing a collection snow blade 17, and chain other parts are not shown Meaning, to show the transmission chain bracket 8 blocked by chain 16, drive sprocket 12, driven sprocket 13, transmission auxiliary wheel 14, tensioning The components such as device 18), it is in contact between the two by transmission auxiliary wheel 14 with chain 16, plays support chains.Drive sprocket 12 are movably arranged on the top of transmission chain bracket 8, and transmission auxiliary wheel 14 is uniformly movably arranged on up and down the two of transmission chain bracket 8 Side is respectively arranged with bearing between sprocket wheel and auxiliary support frame.Tensioning apparatus 18 is located at lower part and the driven sprocket 13 of transmission chain bracket 8 Between, for adjusting the elastic of chain.The conveyer chain that collection snow blade 17 is uniformly mounted on chain 16 with bolt is buckled, collection snow blade It is replaceable.In the collection snowslide 20 that the downside mounting surface of chain 16 is smooth;Transmission chain bracket 8 is bolted in bearing frame 11 On;Collection snowbreak plate 10 is mounted on the two sides of collection snow blade 17, is fixedly connected with collection snowslide 20, guarantees that accumulated snow is not excessive.Collection snow 20 lower end of slideway is connected by hinge with snow removing chassis 6.Chain drive mechanism include snow removing motor 15, driving gear 22, from Moving gear 21.Two snow removing motors 15 are symmetrically installed 12 two sides of drive sprocket, and driving gear 22 is connected by key in snow removing motor In 15 drive shaft, drive sprocket 12 is fixedly connected with driven gear 21.The other side of 21 axis of driving gear 22 and driven gear Equipped with transverse bearing, transverse bearing is mounted in gear transverse bearing seat 19, and gear transverse bearing seat 19 is fixedly mounted on collection snow There is housing protection sealing in baffle 10, two gears outside, prevents snow-broth from immersing.Drive sprocket 12 is driven to revolve by gear engagement Turn, two drive sprockets 12 is kept to move synchronously, so that the chain 16 covered on sprocket wheel be driven to move, collection snow blade 17 is driven to revolve Turn.Collect snow device 1 from snow sweeper driver's cabin 7 to snow removing to watch, the direction of rotation is counterclockwise.When snow removing, it can pass through The phase angle between two snow removing motors 15 is adjusted to adjust the cutting angle of collection snow blade 17.By collection snow blade 17 to ice and snow into Row cutting is collected, and broken ice and snow is scraped on collection snowslide 20, by collection snow blade 17 that accumulated snow is defeated along collection snowslide 20 It is sent to the collection snow guiding device 5 that top is expelled to rear.For the cutting of ice-snow on pavement thickness and hardness adjustment collection snow blade Angle: if the thickness of ice and snow layer is larger or hardness is higher, the snow removing motor of Vehicle Controller control Liang Tiao driving chain mechanism has Biggish phase difference increases the cutting angle of collection snow blade 17;If the thickness of ice and snow layer is smaller or hardness is lower, Vehicle Controller control The snow removing motor of Zhi Liangtiao driving chain mechanism has lesser phase difference, reduces the cutting angle of collection snow blade.
Referring to shown in Fig. 3 and Fig. 4, dip angle regulating device 4 is mainly by hydraulic cylinder 24, second hinge 23 and 27 groups of third hinge At.25 one side of engine is that the driving wheel of snow sweeper directly provides power, is on the other hand charged for battery 39, thus The energy is provided indirectly to complete three kinds of motors of snow removing operation.Snow removing collection snow device 1 tilts peace by the first axle 26 of bottom Front side loaded on snow removing chassis 6, and be connected by the second hinge 23 of bottom with one end of dip angle regulating device 4, it is described to incline The other end of angle regulating device 4 is connected by third hinge 27 with snow removing chassis 6.Snow removing collection snow device 1 pitching movement with The stretching motion of dip angle regulating device 4 is associated with, and is moved synchronously and is stretched to adjust by a pair of hydraulic cylinders 24 in dip angle regulating device 4 The tilt angle of snow removing collection snow device and ground.For the inclination angle of ice-snow on pavement thickness and hardness adjustment snow removing collection snow device 1: If the thickness of ice and snow layer is larger or hardness is higher, Vehicle Controller controls the contractile motion of dip angle regulating device 4, reduces snow removing collection Avenge the inclination angle of device 1;If the thickness of ice and snow layer is smaller or hardness is lower, Vehicle Controller controls the elongation of dip angle regulating device 4 Movement increases the inclination angle of snow removing collection snow device 4.
Referring to shown in Fig. 4, Fig. 5 and Fig. 6, row's snow transmitting device 2 includes row's snow conveyer belt 31, active roll tube 35, help roll Cylinder 36, driven roller 37, roller bracket 40 and row's snowbreak plate 42.Row snow transmitting device 2 be located at collection snow guiding device 5 it is rear descend Side is fixedly mounted on and turns on platform 34.Transport the accumulated snow fallen from collection snow guiding device 5.Row's snow motor 28 is fixed on steering It on platform 34, is controlled by Vehicle Controller, row's snow 28 main shaft of motor is fixedly connected with drive pulley 38, is driven by belt 30 Driven pulley 29 rotates, and driven pulley 29 is fixedly connected with active roll tube 35.Active roll tube 35 assists roller 36, is driven The drum shaft 44 of roller 37 is movably installed on roller bracket 40 by roller bearing 43.31 sets of conveyer belt of row's snow is in active roll tube 35, between driven roller 37, auxiliary roller 36 is evenly arranged between active roll tube 35 and driven roller 37, is played support row's snow and is passed Send the effect of band 31.Row's snow conveyer belt 31 is nonmetallic flute profile conveyer belt, is furnished with snow board above, roller is also flute profile roller Cylinder, tooth form row's snow conveyer belt 31 are matched with flute profile roller.Therefore, when row's snow motor 28 drives active roll tube 35 to rotate, simultaneously Auxiliary roller 36 and driven roller 37 is driven to rotate, the final row's of drive snow conveyer belt 31 moves, and ice and snow is avenged conveyer belt 31 from row Front end be transported to the storage sled or roadside greenbelt of rear end or side.Roller bracket 40 is fastened on support weight frame 41, Weight frame 41 is ask to be distributed on the row's of being fixedly mounted on snowbreak plate 42.Row's snowbreak plate 42, which is fixedly mounted on, to be turned on platform 34.Battery 39 Electric power is provided for snow removing motor 15, row's snow motor 28 and steering motor 47.Waterproof cover plate 32 plays protection row's snow transmitting device 2, especially It is the effect of row's snow motor 28, battery 39, roller and belt pulley.The turntable shield 33 of 31 lower section of row's snow conveyer belt, rises and protects The effect of shield row's snow transfer 3.
Referring to shown in Fig. 7, row's snow transfer 3 is mounted on bottom plate 48.48 surrounding of bottom plate is equipped with turntable shield 33, downside For the chassis 6 that removes the snow.Snow removing 6 rear of chassis is equipped with trailer attachment device, conveniently pulls trailer.45 one end of steering screw is solid Surely it is connected on the main shaft of steering motor 47, the other end is cased with worm bearing 49, and worm bearing 49 is mounted on worm bearing seat 50 On, worm bearing seat 50 is bolted to connection on bottom plate 48, is turned to platform 34 and is fixed by bolts to table on steering gear worm 46 The upper surface of turntable shield 33 is stretched out on face, the top for turning to platform;Steering gear worm 46 and bottom plate 48 pass through large-scale bearing activity Link guarantees that 46 axis of steering gear worm is fixed and vertical with bottom plate 48, and steering screw 45 engages with steering gear worm 46.Turn to platform 34 rotational angles are controlled by Vehicle Controller, it can be achieved that " uninterrupted snow removing immediately ".Mode is avenged according to the adjustable whole deposit of road conditions: if ice Snow fragment can be stored in and follow the fortune sled of traveling beside the greenbelt or snow sweeper on road both sides, and Vehicle Controller passes through Steering motor 47 drives steering gear worm 46, drives the row turned on platform 34 to avenge transmitting device 2, relative to 6 turns of chassis of snow removing Suitable angle is moved, by ice and snow fragment store in greenbelt or fortune sled;If after snow sweeper can one trailer of traction, Platform is turned to without rotating, directly ice and snow fragment is discharged in trailer by row's snow transmitting device.
Referring to shown in Fig. 8 a, Fig. 8 b, two different collection avenge the snow removing element of blades 17,51 type of cutting edge and hairbrush 52 Type.Collection snow blade 17 can be according to different snow removing environmental selection unlike material snow removing elements of different shapes.If the thickness of ice and snow layer It is higher to spend larger or hardness, selects 51 type of cutting edge snow removing element;If the thickness of ice and snow layer is smaller or hardness is lower, metal is selected The snow removing element of type hairbrush 52;If road surface only has accumulated snow without icing, removed the snow element using rubber-type hairbrush 52.
A kind of collection snow row of the invention avenges the snow-removing method of one-piece type snow sweeper, specifically includes that steps are as follows:
1) ice-breaking operates: Vehicle Controller drives the rotation of driving chain mechanism by snow removing motor driven drive sprocket, from The collection snow blade that snow sweeper driver's cabin collects the viewing of snow device to snow removing counterclockwise, to install in driving chain mechanism passes through rotation Turn the accumulated snow ice sheet of translation compound motion cutting and broken ground;
2) collection snow operation: for the ice and snow fragment by the snow blade cutting of front collection, the rotation of collection snow blade below is utilized Movement is involved in the collection snowslide of snow removing collection snow device, and is avenged by the way of relay-type push from collection by multiple collection snow blade The bottom of slideway is transported to top, and is collected into collection snow guiding device;
3) row's snow operation: ice and snow fragment is pooled in row's snow transmitting device by collection snow guiding device, and Vehicle Controller passes through Row's snow motor driven active roll tube, the row's of drive snow conveyer belt rotation, the ice and snow fragment in row's snow transmitting device is discharged;
4) it deposits snow operation: mode is avenged according to the adjustable whole deposit of road conditions, if ice and snow fragment can be stored in the greenbelt on road both sides, Or the fortune sled of traveling is followed beside snow sweeper, Vehicle Controller drives steering gear worm by steering motor, drives to turn to and put down Row on platform avenges transmitting device, turns to suitable angle relative to snow removing chassis, by ice and snow fragment store in greenbelt or It transports in sled;If one trailer of snow sweeper rear traction, platform is turned to without rotating, directly by arranging snow transmitting device for ice Snow fragment is discharged in trailer.
Wherein, the snow-removing method is specific further include:
The Inclination maneuver operation of snow removing collection snow device: snow removing collection snow device is adjusted for ice-snow on pavement thickness and hardness Inclination angle, if the thickness of ice and snow layer is larger or hardness is higher, Vehicle Controller controls the contractile motion of dip angle regulating device, and reduction removes The inclination angle of snow collection snow device;If the thickness of ice and snow layer is smaller or hardness is lower, Vehicle Controller control dip angle regulating device is stretched Long movement increases the inclination angle of snow removing collection snow device;
The cutting angle of collection snow blade adjusts operation: for the cutting of ice-snow on pavement thickness and hardness adjustment collection snow blade Angle: if the thickness of ice and snow layer is larger or hardness is higher, the snow removing motor of Vehicle Controller control Liang Tiao driving chain mechanism has Biggish phase difference increases the cutting angle of collection snow blade;If the thickness of ice and snow layer is smaller or hardness is lower, Vehicle Controller control The snow removing motor of Liang Tiao driving chain mechanism has lesser phase difference, reduces the cutting angle of collection snow blade;
The snow removing element replacement operation of collection snow blade: for ice-snow on pavement thickness and hardness replacement snow removing element: if ice The thickness of snow deposit is larger or hardness is higher, and the top of collection snow blade uses metal cutting sword;If the thickness of ice and snow layer is smaller or hard Spend it is lower, collection snow blade top use metal hairbrush;If road surface only has accumulated snow without icing, the top of collection snow blade uses rubber Glue hairbrush.
There are many concrete application approach of the present invention, the above is only a preferred embodiment of the present invention, it is noted that for For those skilled in the art, without departing from the principle of the present invention, it can also make several improvements, this A little improve also should be regarded as protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of collection snow row avenges one-piece type snow sweeper, comprising: snow removing collection snow device (1), dip angle regulating device (4), snow sweeper bottom Disk (6), snow sweeper driver's cabin (7) and Vehicle Controller, which is characterized in that further include: row's snow transmitting device (2), row's snow turn to Device (3), collection snow guiding device (5);The snow sweeper driver's cabin (7) is located at the front left side of snow removing chassis (6);Described Snow removing collection snow device (1) is installed on the forward right side of snow removing chassis (6) by first axle (26) inclination of bottom, and passes through bottom The second hinge (23) in portion is connected with one end of dip angle regulating device (4);The other end of the dip angle regulating device (4) passes through Third hinge (27) is connected with snow removing chassis (6), pitching movement and dip angle regulating device (4) of snow removing collection snow device (1) Stretching motion association, dip angle regulating device (4) are electrically connected with the vehicle-mounted controller;Row's snow transfer (3), which is installed on, to be removed Among the rear side on sled chassis (6), the row avenges to be turned above transmitting device (2) row of being fixedly connected on snow transfer (3) To on platform (34), row's snow transmitting device (2) horizontally rotates with steering platform (34) relative to snow removing chassis (6);Institute Collection snow guiding device (5) stated is located between snow removing collection snow device (1) and row's snow transmitting device (2), collection snow guiding device (5) One end is fixedly connected with the top that snow removing collects snow device (1), and the other end protrudes into the top of row's snow transmitting device (2).
2. collection snow row according to claim 1 avenges one-piece type snow sweeper, which is characterized in that the snow removing collection avenges device (1) using a kind of crawler type snow removing structure of double-strand coordinated drive: right in the collection snowbreak plate (10) of collection snowslide (20) two sides Claim arrangement two transmission chain brackets (8);Driving chain mechanism, collection snow blade are installed respectively on the transmission chain bracket (8) (17) both ends are individually fixed in the corresponding position in Liang Tiao driving chain mechanism;The drive sprocket of the driving chain mechanism (12) it is driven by snow removing motor (15), snow removing motor (15) is electrically connected Vehicle Controller, Vehicle Controller Collaborative Control two biographies The revolving speed and phase of dynamic link chain mechanism.
3. collection snow row according to claim 2 avenges one-piece type snow sweeper, which is characterized in that the driving chain mechanism is also Including driven sprocket (13), transmission auxiliary wheel (14), chain (16) and tensioning apparatus (18);Drive sprocket (12) activity It is installed on one end of transmission chain bracket (8), the other end of transmission chain bracket (8) is equipped with tensioning apparatus (18), tensioning apparatus (18) driven sprocket (13) are movably installed on end;The transmission auxiliary wheel (14) is movably installed in transmission chain bracket (8) two sides up and down are evenly arranged between drive sprocket (12) and driven sprocket (13);The chain (16) respectively with master Movable sprocket (12), driven sprocket (13) are meshed, and the transmission auxiliary wheel (14) is in contact and relatively rotates with chain (16); The tensioning apparatus (18) adjusts the tightness of driving chain mechanism.
4. collection snow row according to claim 2 or 3 avenges one-piece type snow sweeper, which is characterized in that the snow removing motor (15) it is fixedly installed in the outside of collection snowbreak plate (10), is fixed with driving gear (22) on the output shaft of snow removing motor (15);Institute The drive sprocket (12) stated coaxially is fixed with driven gear (21);The driving gear (22) is meshed with driven gear (21).
5. collection snow row according to claim 2 avenges one-piece type snow sweeper, which is characterized in that the base of collection snow blade (17) Body portion uses the preferable metal material of ductility, and matrix top is mountable or replaces the metal kernel of unlike material and geometrical characteristic Brush, rubber hairbrush or metal cutting sword.
6. collection snow row according to claim 1 avenges one-piece type snow sweeper, which is characterized in that the row avenges transfer (3) include steering screw (45), steering gear worm (46), steering motor (47) and steering platform (34), and be installed on turntable shield (33) inside;The steering screw (45) is movably installed in snow removing chassis (6) and keeps its axis horizontal, described Steering gear worm (46) is movably installed in snow removing chassis (6) and keeps its axis vertical, steering screw (45) and steering gear worm (46) it is meshed;One end of the steering screw (45) is fixedly connected with the output shaft of steering motor (47), and by turning to electricity Machine (47) driving, steering motor (47) are electrically connected Vehicle Controller;The steering platform (34) is fixedly installed in steering gear worm (46) upper surface of turntable shield (33) is stretched out on upper surface, the top for turning to platform (34).
7. collection snow row according to claim 1 avenges one-piece type snow sweeper, which is characterized in that the row avenges transmitting device (2) Including row's snow conveyer belt (31), active roll tube (35), auxiliary roller (36), driven roller (37), roller bracket (40) and row's snow Baffle (42);Row's snowbreak plate (42) is fixedly installed in the upper surface for turning to platform (34), symmetrical in row snowbreak plate (42) Arrange two roller brackets (40);The active roll tube (35) and driven roller (37) are movably installed in roller bracket (40) respectively Both ends, the auxiliary roller (36) is evenly arranged between active roll tube (35) and driven roller (37), and with roller bracket (40) it is flexibly connected;The inside both ends that the row avenges conveyer belt (31) are formed with tooth-shape structure, active roll tube (35), auxiliary roller (36) and the both ends of driven roller (37) are also formed with the tooth-shape structure of same size, and row's snow conveyer belt (31) passes through tooth form engagement peace Support is provided loaded between active roll tube (35) and driven roller (37), and by auxiliary roller (36);The active roll tube (35) By row's snow motor (28) driving, row's snow motor (28) is electrically connected Vehicle Controller.
8. collection snow row according to claim 7 avenges one-piece type snow sweeper, which is characterized in that it is fixed that the row avenges motor (28) It is installed on the upper surface for turning to platform (34), is fixed with drive pulley (38) on the output shaft of row's snow motor (28);The master Dynamic roller (35) are coaxially fixed with driven pulley (29);Pass through between the drive pulley (38) and driven pulley (29) Belt (30) transmission.
9. the snow-removing method that a kind of described in any item collection snow rows of claim 1 to 8 avenge one-piece type snow sweeper, which is characterized in that It comprises the following steps that
1) ice-breaking operates: Vehicle Controller drives the rotation of driving chain mechanism, from snow removing by snow removing motor driven drive sprocket The collection snow blade that vehicle driver's cabin collects the viewing of snow device to snow removing counterclockwise, to install in driving chain mechanism passes through rotary flat Move the accumulated snow ice sheet of compound motion cutting and broken ground;
2) collection snow operation: for the ice and snow fragment by the snow blade cutting of front collection, the rotary motion of collection snow blade below is utilized It is involved in the collection snowslide of snow removing collection snow device, and avenges blade by the way of relay-type push from collection snowslide by multiple collection Bottom be transported to top, and be collected into collection snow guiding device in;
3) row's snow operation: ice and snow fragment is pooled in row's snow transmitting device by collection snow guiding device, and Vehicle Controller passes through row's snow Motor driven active roll tube, the row's of drive snow conveyer belt rotation, the ice and snow fragment in row's snow transmitting device is discharged;
4) it deposits snow operation: mode is avenged according to the adjustable whole deposit of road conditions, if ice and snow fragment can be stored in the greenbelt on road both sides, or The fortune sled of traveling is followed beside snow sweeper, Vehicle Controller drives steering gear worm by steering motor, drives and turns on platform Row avenge transmitting device, relative to snow removing chassis turn to suitable angle, by ice and snow fragment store in greenbelt or fortune avenge Che Zhong;If one trailer of snow sweeper rear traction, platform is turned to without rotating, it is directly by row's snow transmitting device that ice and snow is broken Piece is discharged in trailer.
10. the snow-removing method that collection snow row according to claim 9 avenges one-piece type snow sweeper, which is characterized in that described removes Snow method is specific further include:
The Inclination maneuver operation of snow removing collection snow device: inclining for snow removing collection snow device is adjusted for ice-snow on pavement thickness and hardness Angle, if the thickness of ice and snow layer is larger or hardness is higher, Vehicle Controller controls the contractile motion of dip angle regulating device, reduces snow removing The inclination angle of collection snow device;If the thickness of ice and snow layer is smaller or hardness is lower, Vehicle Controller controls the elongation of dip angle regulating device Movement increases the inclination angle of snow removing collection snow device;
The cutting angle of collection snow blade adjusts operation: for the cutting angle of ice-snow on pavement thickness and hardness adjustment collection snow blade, if The thickness of ice and snow layer is larger or hardness is higher, and the snow removing motor that Vehicle Controller controls Liang Tiao driving chain mechanism has biggish Phase difference increases the cutting angle of collection snow blade;If the thickness of ice and snow layer is smaller or hardness is lower, Vehicle Controller controls two biographies The snow removing motor of dynamic link chain mechanism has lesser phase difference, reduces the cutting angle of collection snow blade;
The snow removing element replacement operation of collection snow blade: for ice-snow on pavement thickness and hardness replacement snow removing element, if ice and snow layer Thickness it is larger or hardness is higher, the top of collection snow blade uses metal cutting sword;If the thickness of ice and snow layer is smaller or hardness compared with Low, the top of collection snow blade uses metal hairbrush;If road surface only has accumulated snow without icing, the top of collection snow blade uses rubber hair Brush.
CN201710664822.3A 2017-08-07 2017-08-07 Collection snow row avenges one-piece type snow sweeper and its snow-removing method Active CN107620283B (en)

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CN111809806A (en) * 2020-08-25 2020-10-23 四川工程职业技术学院 Automatic snow remover for roof

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SU1553604A1 (en) * 1987-03-10 1990-03-30 Н.М.Харлов Snow removing machine
CN201141127Y (en) * 2007-11-09 2008-10-29 高军 Snow clearing car
CN201416163Y (en) * 2009-06-09 2010-03-03 李世勋 Snow clearer
CN205296024U (en) * 2016-01-03 2016-06-08 徐老大 Multipurpose cleaning cart
CN106115203A (en) * 2016-08-09 2016-11-16 中铁二十二局集团第二工程有限公司 A kind of rotation vertically and horizontally rail travel flatcar and operational approach thereof
CN205822109U (en) * 2016-07-20 2016-12-21 昌吉市新奥农业制造有限公司 Scraper-type snow-clearing ice-breaking machine

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
SU1553604A1 (en) * 1987-03-10 1990-03-30 Н.М.Харлов Snow removing machine
CN201141127Y (en) * 2007-11-09 2008-10-29 高军 Snow clearing car
CN201416163Y (en) * 2009-06-09 2010-03-03 李世勋 Snow clearer
CN205296024U (en) * 2016-01-03 2016-06-08 徐老大 Multipurpose cleaning cart
CN205822109U (en) * 2016-07-20 2016-12-21 昌吉市新奥农业制造有限公司 Scraper-type snow-clearing ice-breaking machine
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