CN107476230B - Riding type self- steering battery power Cleaning vehicle for guardrail - Google Patents

Riding type self- steering battery power Cleaning vehicle for guardrail Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107476230B
CN107476230B CN201710803967.7A CN201710803967A CN107476230B CN 107476230 B CN107476230 B CN 107476230B CN 201710803967 A CN201710803967 A CN 201710803967A CN 107476230 B CN107476230 B CN 107476230B
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China
Prior art keywords
cleaning vehicle
brush
guardrail
cleaning
autoguide
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CN201710803967.7A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN107476230A (en
Inventor
王文林
田君
周梓荣
尹玲
曹晓畅
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Dongguan University of Technology
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Dongguan University of Technology
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E01CONSTRUCTION OF ROADS, RAILWAYS, OR BRIDGES
    • E01HSTREET CLEANING; CLEANING OF PERMANENT WAYS; CLEANING BEACHES; DISPERSING OR PREVENTING FOG IN GENERAL CLEANING STREET OR RAILWAY FURNITURE OR TUNNEL WALLS
    • E01H1/00Removing undesirable matter from roads or like surfaces, with or without moistening of the surface
    • E01H1/005Mobile installations, particularly for upkeeping in situ road or railway furniture, for instance road barricades, traffic signs; Mobile installations particularly for upkeeping tunnel walls

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of riding type self- steering battery power Cleaning vehicle for guardrail, cleaning vehicle includes control cabinet, water tank, brush adjusting apparatus and battery case, wherein control cabinet is arranged in cleaning vehicle upper end, for controlling cleaning vehicle, water tank is arranged in the both sides of cleaning vehicle, battery case is arranged in the lower end of cleaning vehicle, and cleaning vehicle further includes autoguide, and autoguide includes directive wheel, crawler belt, mounting plate and adjustable spring.The present invention uses riding type cleaning device, occupies little space, round the clock all can operation, it is efficiently convenient for traffic impact very little, realize whole-course automation cleaning.

Description

Riding type self- steering battery power Cleaning vehicle for guardrail
Technical field
The present invention relates to the cleanings of guardrail on road, more particularly, to one kind on road riding type self- steering battery Drive cleaning vehicle.
Background technology
The work of existing cleaning guardrail is often carried out in addition to manually cleaning not influence traffic at dead of night, labor intensity Height, working environment is dangerous, generally use mechanized cleaning, and cleaning device is typically mounted on the special engineering with water tank Che Shang, cleaning way include mainly three kinds of forms:(1) disc brush formula:Its brush axis is parallel to ground and perpendicular to guardrail plane, Brush face is parallel with guardrail face, is drenched disc brush bristle using the water in water tank, and in rotary manner by water from upper and lower directions Throw away, cleaned up the foul on guardrail by the bristle in disc brush, cleaning height by disc brush diameter restrict, water consumption compared with Greatly, to driver requested higher;(2) roller brush type:Its round brush rotation axis is in vertical direction, and perpendicular to ground, when rotation brushes Hair and guardrail tangential motion, are first drenched bristle with water, then in rotary manner will be on guardrail by the bristle on round brush Foul cleans up, but complicated, and bristle wear is fast, and water consumption is big, to driver requested height;(3) high-pressure wash:Directly profit Guardrail is wrapped with multigroup water jets under high pressure, is rinsed well the booty on guardrail in a manner of flushing, cleaning performance is good, without easily Part is damaged, speed is fast, but guardrail is discontinuous face, wastes a large amount of water in gap location, water mist is big, with high requirements and high cost to water retaining cover.
Therefore, big, driver requested higher, cost that there is water consumption in being cleaned the invention solves existing guardrail High, complicated and poor automatization level technical problem.
Invention content
The present invention is improved design according to the advantage and disadvantage of above-mentioned several wiper mechanisms based on brush formula, due to existing Some guard bar washing devices are all above large-scale sanitation cart, therefore the requirement for road traffic is relatively high, and the present invention uses Riding type cleaning device, occupies little space, round the clock all can operation, it is efficiently convenient for traffic impact very little.
Traffic this problem is seriously affected when it is an object of the invention to solve cleaning guardrail, while need not artificially be done In advance, can voluntarily complete road cleaning, and can all weather operations in 24 hours, high-efficiency environment friendly noiseless.
The present invention provides a kind of riding type self- steering battery power Cleaning vehicle for guardrail, the cleaning vehicle include control cabinet, Water tank, brush adjusting apparatus and battery case, wherein control cabinet are arranged in cleaning vehicle upper end, for controlling cleaning vehicle, institute It states water tank to be arranged in the both sides of the cleaning vehicle, the battery case is arranged in the lower end of the cleaning vehicle, and cleaning vehicle further includes Autoguide, the autoguide include directive wheel, crawler belt, mounting plate and adjustable spring.
On the other hand, brush adjusting apparatus includes three brushs of every side all finished product shape distributions in both sides, respectively Upper brush positioned at cleaning vehicle top, the middle brush at middle part and and bottom lower brush, using motor as power source progress Transmission.
On the other hand, brush adjusting apparatus is height-adjustable.
On the other hand, brush adjusting apparatus includes locking device, arc chute, vertical sliding slot, upper support bar, lower support bar And fixed rotating shaft, one end of upper support bar are arranged in arc chute, and the other end is arranged in vertical sliding slot, and the one of lower support bar End is connected and fixed shaft, and the other end is arranged in vertical sliding slot, wherein lower brush is kept fixed, by the release of locking device and It locks and the position of upper brush and middle brush is adjusted.
On the other hand, crawler belt is sleeved on directive wheel in autoguide, and directive wheel and jackshaft are that empty set.
On the other hand, autoguide further includes connecting rod, the cylindrical hole being arranged in connecting rod, and is arranged in cylindrical hole In swinging support cylinder, adjustable spring setting connect on a mounting board and with swinging support cylinder, when crawler belt by from When the active force of guardrail, autoguide can deflect around the swinging support cylinder.
On the other hand, the crawler belt on directive wheel is two and is rubber material.
The cleaning vehicle of the present invention is ridden over using riding type-on guardrail, is advanced along guardrail, and lateral dimension is small, small, only The small-scale position in guardrail both sides is occupied, very little is influenced on vehicle normal pass;Using brush tray type structure, brush is axially parallel In ground, great purge disk can be filled, higher line speed, linear velocity and rotating speed and disk can be reached in the case where rotating speed is less high Diameter is directly proportional, and cleaning performance is good;On the other hand, brush axial dimension is smaller than roller brush type, and roller brush type is in order to reach higher The diameter of linear velocity, round brush cannot be too small, and vehicle lateral dimension can be made small, compact-sized, and it is minimum to occupy path space;Using two Group lithium battery driving, one group of walking for being used for vehicle, one group is cleaned guardrail for brush, environmentally protective, without engine noise, electricity Pond can as electric bicycle quick-replaceable;By cistern water supply, water is thrown away with mist from brush, drenches brush bristle, is used Water is few, compares saving.In addition, water tank can be changed quickly or artificial direct water filling, it is readily transported and transition works, efficiency It is high;Using self- steering device, cleaning vehicle is according to the direction of travel for moving towards adjust automatically vehicle of guardrail;Round-the-clock cleaning, automation Degree is high, while network remote control may be used, and monitors its handling situations in real time;City guardrail is various informative, just differs, This Cleaning vehicle for guardrail can adjust the working depth of brush according to the height of work-yard guardrail, height between 800~1200mm Guardrail can be cleaned once and be finished.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the schematic diagram of riding type self- steering battery power Cleaning vehicle for guardrail cleaning process;
Fig. 2 is the structure diagram of riding type self- steering battery power Cleaning vehicle for guardrail;
Fig. 3 is the schematic diagram of the brush adjusting apparatus of riding type self- steering battery power Cleaning vehicle for guardrail;
Fig. 4 is the schematic diagram of the embodiment one of self- steering device;
Fig. 5 is the schematic diagram of the embodiment two of self- steering device.
Specific implementation mode
Fig. 1 is the schematic diagram of riding type self- steering battery power Cleaning vehicle for guardrail cleaning process, is to ride referring to Fig. 2, Fig. 2 The structure diagram of formula self- steering battery power Cleaning vehicle for guardrail, the cleaning vehicle 1 include setting frame 2, are arranged at 2 top of frame Controller 3, and the water tank 4 that is hung on 2 both sides of frame, 2 lower part of frame are provided with supporting plate, and convenient for holding water tank 4, setting exists Brush adjusting apparatus 5 in frame 2, in the self- steering device 6 of 2 bottom of frame setting, relatively heavy battery case (not shown) Matching motor is arranged in the bottom of water tank 4 so that machine gravity is relatively low, it is difficult to overturn.It in some cases, can be with Sun-shading rainproof plate is installed at the top of cleaning vehicle, convenient for working under different weather conditions.
Referring to Fig. 3, the brush adjusting apparatus 5 of riding type self- steering battery power Cleaning vehicle for guardrail is shown, the device 5 Height is adjustable, which includes three brushs of every side all finished product shape distributions in both sides, respectively Upper brush 7 positioned at cleaning vehicle top, the middle brush 8 at middle part and and bottom lower brush 9, each brush include bearing (not shown), and both sides are both provided with brush adjusting apparatus 5, further include locking device (not shown), the arc of brush 8 in lockking One end setting of shape sliding slot 10, vertical sliding slot 11, upper support bar 12, lower support bar 13 and fixed rotating shaft 14, upper support bar 12 exists In fixed arc chute 10 on the frame 2, the other end is arranged in fixed vertical sliding slot 11 on the frame 2, lower support bar 13 one end is connected and fixed shaft 14, and the other end is arranged in vertical sliding slot 11, wherein lower brush 9 is kept fixed, passes through locking The release and locking of device adjust the position of upper brush and middle brush, to adapt to different guardrail heights.
The method of adjustment of the brush adjusting apparatus 5 is:First, locking device is unclamped;Then, the bearing of middle brush 8 can be by Lower support bar 13 is led around the arcuately movement of sliding slot 10 of fixed rotating shaft 14, and at the same time the bearing of top brush is by upper support bar 12 It constrains and is moved along vertical sliding slot 11, when being moved to suitable position, each brush is locked after reaching new position, finally, can Restart work.
Three brushs per side are mounted on sprocket wheel behind, are power source by a motor, using chaindriven method It drives simultaneously, chain drive is also equipped with tensioning apparatus.
Referring to Fig. 4, the first embodiment of self- steering device is shown, which includes directive wheel 15, crawler belt 16 And connecting rod 17, the cylindrical hole in connecting rod 17 is set, the swinging support cylinder 18 with cylindrical hole socket, adjustable spring 19 and mounting plate 20, the crawler belt 16 be sleeved on directive wheel 15, directive wheel 15 is connected to by jackshaft in connecting rod 17, be oriented to Wheel 15 and wherein countershaft are that empty set.Adjustable spring 19 is arranged on mounting plate 20 and is connect with swinging support cylinder 18, When crawler belt 16 is by active force from guardrail, self- steering device 6 can deflect around swinging support cylinder 18.
What is contacted with steel-guardrail is the crawler belt 16 of rubber material, and crawler belt 16 flexible can effectively reduce steel surface enamelled coating Abrasion.
Since crawler belt is sleeved on directive wheel, directive wheel and jackshaft are that empty set, and can be rotated freely, to reduce Opposite sliding between crawler belt and steel guard rail, one has contact that will rotate.
The elastic force generated by this each spring makes crawler belt withstand guardrail, and spring force is adjustable, is unlikely to push up to obtain tension aggravation With the friction of guardrail, meanwhile, if meeting larger lateral force in the course of work by chance, for example when turning, spring can be made a concession, and be unlikely to rigidity Dieback guardrail;What rear side is fitted with guider on front side of cleaning vehicle, to allow vehicle two to forward or backwards, movement is right Guardrail implementation is cleaned back and forth.
Referring to Fig. 5, the second embodiment of self- steering device is shown, which includes directive wheel 15, crawler belt 16, Different with whole crawler belt of first embodiment, the crawler belt in second embodiment is two fillets, can reduce cost, and mitigates weight Amount, two directive wheels 15 are all connected by telescopic rod 21, and telescopic rod 21 is socketed with the axis pin 23 on bearing 22, are set on telescopic rod 21 It is equipped with adjustable spring 19, directive wheel presses to guardrail contact surface by this spring, and pressing force can change by adjusting spring force, If encountering larger resistance simultaneously, it can be shunk along spring direction, wherein directive wheel 15, crawler belt 16 and telescopic rod 21, flexible bullet Spring 19 can be considered an entirety, can also be swung around the axis pin 23 on bearing, bearing 22 links together with mounting plate 20, mounting plate 20 for self- steering device to be connected with the frame 2 of cleaning vehicle.The device can carry out self-conductance by swing around axis pin 23 etc. To effect.
The cleaning vehicle of the present invention front and back can be walked, and babinet uses front and back guiding, two self- steering devices to use crawler type, simultaneously Ensure that two-wheeled longitudinal length is more than width between two railings.Panel method design can be used in the frame of entire babinet, is divided into left and right And upper end plate, brush position is adjusted according to guardrail height, by rationally adjusting the position of plate, to ensure to be mounted on plate On brush normal work.
Entire cleaning vehicle is driven using lithium battery motor, environmental protection and noise is small, and uses toothed belt transmission, guarantee scrub and Movement, and the driving pedestal of its traveling is independent relative to the driving device that brush rotates.
Water tank can by monitoring worker's water filling, also can integral replacing water tank, it is more convenient succinct to make to change water.
The cleaning vehicle of the present invention uses adjustable brush tray type structure, brush to be axially parallel to ground, can fill big Disk is cleaned, the diameter that in the case where rotating speed is less high, can reach higher line speed, linear velocity and rotating speed and disk is directly proportional, clearly It is good to wash effect;It is driven using two groups of lithium batteries, one group of walking for being used for vehicle, one group is cleaned guardrail for brush, environmentally protective, is not had There is engine noise;By cistern water supply, water is thrown away with mist from brush, drenches brush bristle, and water consumption is few, compares section About.In addition, water tank can be changed quickly or artificial direct water filling, it is readily transported and works with transition, it is efficient;It is filled using self- steering It sets, cleaning vehicle realizes the whole-course automation of cleaning according to the direction of travel for moving towards adjust automatically vehicle of guardrail, and cleaning efficiency is high, Due to that only with cleaning vehicle automatic guide, cost can be greatly lowered, it can be achieved that round-the-clock cleaning, high degree of automation.

Claims (5)

1. a kind of riding type self- steering battery power Cleaning vehicle for guardrail, the cleaning vehicle includes control cabinet, water tank, brush adjustment dress It sets and battery case, wherein the control cabinet is arranged in cleaning vehicle upper end, for controlling cleaning vehicle, the water tank setting exists The both sides of the cleaning vehicle, the battery case are arranged in the lower end of the cleaning vehicle, which is characterized in that the cleaning vehicle is also wrapped Autoguide is included, the autoguide includes directive wheel, crawler belt, mounting plate and adjustable spring;
The brush adjusting apparatus is included in three brushs of all finished product shape distributions of every side in both sides, is respectively located at cleaning The upper brush on vehicle top, the middle brush at middle part and and bottom lower brush, be driven as power source using motor, brush Adjusting apparatus it is height-adjustable,
Brush adjusting apparatus includes locking device, arc chute, vertical sliding slot, upper support bar, lower support bar and fixed rotating shaft, institute The one end for stating upper support bar is arranged in the arc chute, and the other end is arranged in the vertical sliding slot, the lower support bar One end connect the fixed rotating shaft, the other end is arranged in the vertical sliding slot, wherein the lower brush is kept fixed, passes through The release and locking of the locking device adjust the position of upper brush and middle brush.
2. cleaning vehicle as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that crawler belt described in the autoguide is sleeved on the directive wheel On, directive wheel and jackshaft are that empty set.
3. cleaning vehicle as claimed in claim 2, which is characterized in that the autoguide further includes connecting rod, and setting is connecting Cylindrical hole on bar, and the swinging support cylinder that is arranged in the cylindrical hole, the adjustable spring are arranged in the installation It is connect on plate and with the swinging support cylinder, when the crawler belt is by active force from guardrail, the autoguide It can deflect around the swinging support cylinder.
4. cleaning vehicle as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that the crawler belt on the directive wheel is two and is rubber material Material.
5. cleaning vehicle as claimed in claim 4, which is characterized in that the autoguide further includes telescopic rod, bearing and pin Axis, the axis pin are arranged in the pin shaft hole on bearing, and one end of the telescopic rod is connect with axis pin, and the other end passes through flexible Bar is connected on the directive wheel.
CN201710803967.7A 2017-09-08 2017-09-08 Riding type self- steering battery power Cleaning vehicle for guardrail Active CN107476230B (en)

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CN201710803967.7A CN107476230B (en) 2017-09-08 2017-09-08 Riding type self- steering battery power Cleaning vehicle for guardrail

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710803967.7A CN107476230B (en) 2017-09-08 2017-09-08 Riding type self- steering battery power Cleaning vehicle for guardrail

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CN107476230B true CN107476230B (en) 2018-09-18

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Families Citing this family (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110080140B (en) * 2019-05-13 2021-06-11 江西华翔建筑有限责任公司 Multi-functional road guardrail belt cleaning device of municipal works
CN110387847B (en) * 2019-06-28 2021-03-23 江阴市港城市政工程有限公司 Municipal administration road surface isolation barrier cleaning device
CN110700160B (en) * 2019-10-18 2021-05-07 湖南碧泰环保科技有限公司 Crossing type dead-angle-free cleaning machine for road isolation fence
CN110984018A (en) * 2019-12-18 2020-04-10 宁波诠航机械科技有限公司 Guardrail inspection device
CN111663480B (en) * 2020-06-12 2021-01-15 广东砺行路桥工程有限公司 Road surface washing and washing integrated device capable of advancing along self-steering direction of road rail

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR20030023909A (en) * 2001-09-14 2003-03-26 일산건설 주식회사 Apparatus for cleaning tunnel
CN201314035Y (en) * 2008-11-04 2009-09-23 重庆市安洁环境绿化工程有限公司 Road guardrail cleaning device
CN101608436A (en) * 2009-06-11 2009-12-23 浙江大学 Automatic cleaning device for highway guardrail
CN106223238A (en) * 2016-07-25 2016-12-14 杨嘉灏 Tunnel wall surface cleaning vehicle
CN107059714A (en) * 2017-06-20 2017-08-18 广州展亚土木工程技术有限公司 A kind of freeway guardrail cleaning device

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR20030023909A (en) * 2001-09-14 2003-03-26 일산건설 주식회사 Apparatus for cleaning tunnel
CN201314035Y (en) * 2008-11-04 2009-09-23 重庆市安洁环境绿化工程有限公司 Road guardrail cleaning device
CN101608436A (en) * 2009-06-11 2009-12-23 浙江大学 Automatic cleaning device for highway guardrail
CN106223238A (en) * 2016-07-25 2016-12-14 杨嘉灏 Tunnel wall surface cleaning vehicle
CN107059714A (en) * 2017-06-20 2017-08-18 广州展亚土木工程技术有限公司 A kind of freeway guardrail cleaning device

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