CN107600341A - The four steady formulas of column post use floating platform - Google Patents

The four steady formulas of column post use floating platform Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107600341A
CN107600341A CN201710618461.9A CN201710618461A CN107600341A CN 107600341 A CN107600341 A CN 107600341A CN 201710618461 A CN201710618461 A CN 201710618461A CN 107600341 A CN107600341 A CN 107600341A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
deck
floating platform
ballast
cabin
platform
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Pending
Application number
CN201710618461.9A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王大政
周旭
郭皞岩
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Harbin Institute of Technology Weihai
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Harbin Institute of Technology Weihai
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Application filed by Harbin Institute of Technology Weihai filed Critical Harbin Institute of Technology Weihai
Priority to CN201710618461.9A priority Critical patent/CN107600341A/en
Publication of CN107600341A publication Critical patent/CN107600341A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A30/00Adapting or protecting infrastructure or their operation
    • Y02A30/30Adapting or protecting infrastructure or their operation in transportation, e.g. on roads, waterways or railways

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of four steady formulas of column post to use floating platform, has:Underwater installation cabin and ballast tank, deck waterborne and deck house and the column on connection underwater installation cabin and deck waterborne.The steady formula of four columns post of the present invention uses the advantages of floating platform combines both traditional semi-submerged platform and ocean environment observation buoy:Floating platform compares that semi-submerged platform construction cost is lower, is more readily maintained;Compare that buoy capacity of anti-storm is stronger, the life-span is longer, construction profile is simpler, observable ocean essential is more complete, work waters scope is deeper, automatic controlling level is higher, function is more comprehensive.Four root posts are circumferentially evenly arranged.The square column of the large-scale semisubmersible platform use of tradition is replaced using cylinder, reduces water plane area, so as to reduce effect of the wave for stage body, reduces motor imagination.Floating platform can be used for carrying various kinds of equipment, according to the difference of carrying equipment, it is possible to achieve floating platform versatility.

Description

The four steady formulas of column post use floating platform
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of four steady formulas of column post to use floating platform, especially for one kind be applied to far-reaching extra large information gathering and The anchoring type electronic information floating platform of data transfer carrier.It is related to Patent classificating number:B63 ships or other waterborne vessels;Have with ship The equipment B63B ships or other waterborne vessels of pass;Shipborne equipment B63B35/00 is suitable for the ship or similar of special purpose Floating structure B63B35/44 floating structures, floating warehouse, overwater drilling platform or workshop waterborne, such as be loaded with profit point From equipment.
Background technology
Traditional offshore floating structure thing mainly includes semisubmersible platform and oceanographic buoy.Semisubmersible platform water plane area It is small, increase stability using the spacing between stability column, be adapted to large-scale drilling well, oil producing operation, but often structure compares Huge, expenditure of construction is huge, and maintenance cost is too high;Oceanographic buoy small volume, construction cost is low, under any rugged environment all It can be operated, and long-term, continuous by regulation can collect required oceanographic hydrological data, but often structure is smaller, energy The equipment enough carried is less, and stability is poor.
At present, the resource of land and the resource in shallow sea are increasingly difficult to meet the growing resource of people and energy need Ask, sight has been turned to deep-sea by countries in the world especially developed country already.With deep-sea natural gas resource, petroleum resources and ore deposit The resources such as production are constantly produced, along with island controversial issue, territorial waters controversial issue problem are increasingly serious, the monitoring tool to deep-sea marine environment There is strategic importance.
When marine environmental monitoring, marine resources detection, establishing marine monitoring net sea base station, the sea needed for it The upper usual quantity of carrier is larger, to cover large area marine site, therefore generally requires to carry certain amount, multiple functions Instrument and equipment, there is certain stability and meet communicating requirement, be easy to maintenance maintenance and to control rolled steel dosage and be built into This.
The content of the invention
The present invention is directed to the proposition of problem above, and the steady formula of column post of one kind four developed uses floating platform, has:Set under water Standby cabin and ballast tank, deck waterborne and deck house and the column on connection underwater installation cabin and deck waterborne.
The multi-purpose floating platform of the steady formula of four columns post of the present invention combines traditional semi-submerged platform and ocean environment observation is floated The advantages of both marks:Compared with traditional semi-submerged platform, floating platform construction cost is lower, is more readily maintained;Compared with oceanographic buoy, Floating platform capacity of anti-storm is stronger, the life-span is longer, construction profile is simpler, observable ocean essential is more complete, work waters model Enclose that deeper, automatic controlling level is higher, function is more comprehensive.
Further, floating platform involved in the present invention uses four column forms, and four root posts are circumferentially evenly arranged.Adopt The square column of the large-scale semisubmersible platform use of tradition is replaced with cylinder, reduces water plane area, so as to reduce wave for platform The effect of body, reduce motor imagination.
As a preferable embodiment, the floating platform underwater installation cabin can be used for carrying various kinds of equipment, such as control machine Cabinet, diesel-driven generator, power equipment etc.;Ballast tank is divided into concrete ballast cabin and Water Ballast cabin two parts, concrete ballast cabin For fixed ballast, regulation, the effect of lowering the center of gravity are played, Water Ballast cabin is used for seawater ballast, freely can load and unload, For adjusting drinking water, inclining experiment and maintenance maintenance;Formula composite and steel are attacked using anti-wave on deck structure waterborne Mixed structure formula, being cleaved using by cone structure below deck, composite panel is connected by bolt and steel skeleton, The form of destruction is varied and controlled, destroys deck large area structure and is changed into only sacrificing composite panel, and obtains steel skeleton To be survived after attack.It can be used for carrying all kinds of monitoring devices, solar photovoltaic assembly, wind power plant in the arrangement of deck Deng;Four root posts may be respectively used for pipeline and cable laying, repair and maintenance or passway for escaping and the vertical drop equipment of installation or electricity Ladder etc..According to the difference of carrying equipment, it is possible to achieve floating platform versatility.
Brief description of the drawings
, below will be to embodiment or existing in order to illustrate more clearly of embodiments of the invention or the technical scheme of prior art There is the required accompanying drawing used in technology description to do a simple introduction, it is therefore apparent that drawings in the following description are only this hair Some bright embodiments, for those of ordinary skill in the art, on the premise of not paying creative work, can be with root Other accompanying drawings are obtained according to these accompanying drawings.
Fig. 1 is that the four steady formulas of column post of the invention use floating platform front view;
Fig. 2 is that the four steady formulas of column post of the invention use floating platform side view;
Fig. 3 is that the four steady formulas of column post of the invention use floating platform top view.
Embodiment
To make the purpose, technical scheme and advantage of embodiments of the invention clearer, with reference to the embodiment of the present invention In accompanying drawing, the technical scheme in the embodiment of the present invention is clearly completely described:
As shown in Fig. 1-Fig. 3:
A kind of four steady formulas of column post use floating platform, mainly include underwater installation cabin and ballast tank, deck waterborne and deck house And the column on connection underwater installation cabin and deck waterborne, stage body bottom carry out mooring by extra large work anchor chain and gravity anchor.Ballast Cabin is made up of lower concrete ballast tank 1 and Water Ballast cabin 2.Four root posts 4 are respectively positioned at stage body larboard, starboard, bow, stern This four orientation, the lower end of column 4 connection equipment compartment 3, column upper end connection deck 5.The upper end of deck 5 sets deck house 6.
When floating platform marine towage, it is in the milk to the lower concrete ballast tank 1, it is being ensured certain stability Under the premise of, reduce drinking water as far as possible, to reduce requirement of the towage for navigation channel depth;When floating platform, which reaches, specifies placement, The water injection ballast into Water Ballast cabin 2, floating platform keep floating state, integral sinking, drinking water increase;When floating platform needs repairing maintenance When, Water Ballast is discharged, can make to rise thereon, drinking water reduces;, can by the asymmetric loading and unloading in different ballast tanks So that floating platform produces inclination, inclining experiment is carried out.
Floating platform designed draft is at the middle part of column 4.During normal work, concrete ballast cabin 1 and Water Ballast cabin 2 are pressed completely, are made Floating platform is in designed draft.The inside of equipment compartment 3 carries out more cabin divisions, increases damaged stability and unsinkability.The inside of equipment compartment 3 can be with Various kinds of equipment is carried, difference in functionality can be realized by carrying distinct device according to the design needs, realize the versatility of floating platform:Bavin is set Fry dried food ingredients motor, battery cabinet etc. can provide the energy;Storage facilities etc. is set to realize data storage;Control on Communication is set to set Standby host cabinet etc. can realize telecommunication and data transfer;Gyroscope is set to monitor posture;Sensor, deformeter etc. are set Equipment can realize remote monitoring, etc..Can be used for pipe arrangement inside four root posts 4 according to demand, cable is arranged, elevator, Cargo hoisting equipment arrangement, etc..More columns can lead to deck 5, when the dangerous situations such as fire, damage leak occur for bottom, It can be used as passway for escaping.The outside of column 4 uses circular Streamline Design to reduce towage resistance and wave force.Can outside column To set wall-mounted device, difference in functionality can be realized by carrying distinct device according to the design needs, realize the versatility of floating platform:Set Sonar etc. can detect underwater environment and fishery resources;Sensor etc. is set to measure the sea situation parameter such as water temperature, flow velocity;Set Power supply and data-interface etc., which can be realized, docks transmission data or energy recharge with underwater robot, wave glider, etc..Deck 5 be open deck, sets deck house 6 above, and difference in functionality can be realized by carrying distinct device according to the design needs, realize floating platform Versatility:Open-air area sets solar photovoltaic assembly, blower fan turbo blade etc. to generate electricity and used by oneself for floating platform;Radar is set And antenna etc. can be used for monitoring;Measuring apparatus is set to monitor marine wind speed, wave height etc.;Deck house set control device and Operating desk etc. can be used as control centre;Setting, which is defended, logical etc. can be used for communicating;Furniture etc. is set to can be used for personnel to live, etc..
The foregoing is only a preferred embodiment of the present invention, but protection scope of the present invention be not limited thereto, Any one skilled in the art the invention discloses technical scope in, technique according to the invention scheme and its Inventive concept is subject to equivalent substitution or change, should all be included within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (8)

1. a kind of four steady formulas of column post use floating platform, have:Underwater installation cabin and ballast tank, deck waterborne and deck house and company Connect the column on underwater installation cabin and deck waterborne.
2. a kind of steady formula of four columns post according to claim 1 uses floating platform, it is further characterized in that:Described ballast tank by Concrete ballast cabin and Water Ballast cabin composition.
3. a kind of steady formula of four columns post according to claim 1 uses floating platform, it is further characterized in that:The equipment compartment is carried out More cabins are divided, and diesel-driven generator, battery cabinet, storage facilities, communication control unit rack, gyroscope, biography can be carried in cabin The various kinds of equipment such as sensor, deformeter, realize the versatility of floating platform.
4. Water Ballast cabin according to claim 2, is further characterized in that:Using internal-circulation type ballast system, have more Individual independence and be arranged symmetrically watertight ballast compartments room, ballast/de-ballast pumping unit, valve system(Magnetic valve and hand-operated valve), piping and prison Instrument is surveyed, quantitative seawater can be controlled to be entered from out of my cabin in cabin, and quantitative seawater can be controlled in different ballast tanks Between transmit and mobile.By controlling loading and load out control drinking water and the inclination angle of ballast tank, it is easy to towage, maintenance and maintenance And inclining experiment.
5. column according to claim 1, is further characterized in that:Four root posts are circumferentially evenly arranged, respectively positioned at platform Body larboard, starboard, bow, this four orientation of stern, lower end connection equipment compartment, upper end connection deck.
6. according to the deck described in claim 1 and claim 5, it is further characterized in that:Deck house is set above open deck, Solar photovoltaic assembly, blower fan turbo blade, radar and antenna, measuring apparatus, control device and operation can be set in open-air area Platform, Wei Tong, furniture etc., realize the versatility of floating platform.
7. according to the deck described in claim 1 and claim 5, it is further characterized in that:Impeached on deck structure using anti-wave Formula composite and steel mixed structure formula are hit, is cleaved using by cone structure below deck, composite panel passes through bolt It is connected with steel skeleton, the form of destruction is varied and controlled, is destroyed deck large area structure and be changed into only sacrificing composite wood Flitch, and steel skeleton is survived after attack.
8. the steady formula of column post of one kind four according to above-mentioned any one claim uses floating platform, it is further characterized in that:Institute Stating multi-purpose floating platform can use anchoring type or dynamic positioning to carry out mooring.
CN201710618461.9A 2017-07-26 2017-07-26 The four steady formulas of column post use floating platform Pending CN107600341A (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108482577A (en) * 2018-03-26 2018-09-04 镇江市亿华系统集成有限公司 Working ship draft and loading regulator control system
CN108545151A (en) * 2018-03-26 2018-09-18 镇江市亿华系统集成有限公司 Mining dredger integrated control system

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105035278A (en) * 2014-04-17 2015-11-11 弗罗泰克有限公司 Low heave semi-submersible offshore structure
CN105383640A (en) * 2015-12-15 2016-03-09 威海中复西港船艇有限公司 Antiskid deck
CN205707197U (en) * 2016-03-22 2016-11-23 中电科海洋信息技术研究院有限公司 Waters information monitoring platform
CN205744290U (en) * 2016-05-04 2016-11-30 武汉理工大学 A kind of floating wind energy-solar energy-wave energy integrated generation platform
CN206317985U (en) * 2016-11-23 2017-07-11 中电科海洋信息技术研究院有限公司 Floating platform for the unmanned collection of comprehensive marine information

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105035278A (en) * 2014-04-17 2015-11-11 弗罗泰克有限公司 Low heave semi-submersible offshore structure
CN105383640A (en) * 2015-12-15 2016-03-09 威海中复西港船艇有限公司 Antiskid deck
CN205707197U (en) * 2016-03-22 2016-11-23 中电科海洋信息技术研究院有限公司 Waters information monitoring platform
CN205744290U (en) * 2016-05-04 2016-11-30 武汉理工大学 A kind of floating wind energy-solar energy-wave energy integrated generation platform
CN206317985U (en) * 2016-11-23 2017-07-11 中电科海洋信息技术研究院有限公司 Floating platform for the unmanned collection of comprehensive marine information

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108482577A (en) * 2018-03-26 2018-09-04 镇江市亿华系统集成有限公司 Working ship draft and loading regulator control system
CN108545151A (en) * 2018-03-26 2018-09-18 镇江市亿华系统集成有限公司 Mining dredger integrated control system
CN108545151B (en) * 2018-03-26 2020-07-14 镇江市亿华系统集成有限公司 Integrated control system of mining ship
CN108482577B (en) * 2018-03-26 2020-07-14 镇江市亿华系统集成有限公司 Draft loading control method for engineering ship

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Application publication date: 20180119