CN107485498A - Handicapped people is aided in take off the device and wheelchair of trousers - Google Patents

Handicapped people is aided in take off the device and wheelchair of trousers Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107485498A
CN107485498A CN201710882253.XA CN201710882253A CN107485498A CN 107485498 A CN107485498 A CN 107485498A CN 201710882253 A CN201710882253 A CN 201710882253A CN 107485498 A CN107485498 A CN 107485498A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
trousers
human
wheelchair
cushion
module
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201710882253.XA
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
方明
姜晴
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Hangzhou Hui Jia Technology Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Hangzhou Hui Jia Technology Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Hangzhou Hui Jia Technology Co Ltd filed Critical Hangzhou Hui Jia Technology Co Ltd
Priority to CN201710882253.XA priority Critical patent/CN107485498A/en
Publication of CN107485498A publication Critical patent/CN107485498A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61GTRANSPORT, PERSONAL CONVEYANCES, OR ACCOMMODATION SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR PATIENTS OR DISABLED PERSONS; OPERATING TABLES OR CHAIRS; CHAIRS FOR DENTISTRY; FUNERAL DEVICES
    • A61G5/00Chairs or personal conveyances specially adapted for patients or disabled persons, e.g. wheelchairs
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61GTRANSPORT, PERSONAL CONVEYANCES, OR ACCOMMODATION SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR PATIENTS OR DISABLED PERSONS; OPERATING TABLES OR CHAIRS; CHAIRS FOR DENTISTRY; FUNERAL DEVICES
    • A61G5/00Chairs or personal conveyances specially adapted for patients or disabled persons, e.g. wheelchairs
    • A61G5/10Parts, details or accessories
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61GTRANSPORT, PERSONAL CONVEYANCES, OR ACCOMMODATION SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR PATIENTS OR DISABLED PERSONS; OPERATING TABLES OR CHAIRS; CHAIRS FOR DENTISTRY; FUNERAL DEVICES
    • A61G5/00Chairs or personal conveyances specially adapted for patients or disabled persons, e.g. wheelchairs
    • A61G5/10Parts, details or accessories
    • A61G5/1002Parts, details or accessories with toilet facilities
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61GTRANSPORT, PERSONAL CONVEYANCES, OR ACCOMMODATION SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR PATIENTS OR DISABLED PERSONS; OPERATING TABLES OR CHAIRS; CHAIRS FOR DENTISTRY; FUNERAL DEVICES
    • A61G7/00Beds specially adapted for nursing; Devices for lifting patients or disabled persons
    • A61G7/10Devices for lifting patients or disabled persons, e.g. special adaptations of hoists thereto
    • A61G7/1013Lifting of patients by
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61GTRANSPORT, PERSONAL CONVEYANCES, OR ACCOMMODATION SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR PATIENTS OR DISABLED PERSONS; OPERATING TABLES OR CHAIRS; CHAIRS FOR DENTISTRY; FUNERAL DEVICES
    • A61G7/00Beds specially adapted for nursing; Devices for lifting patients or disabled persons
    • A61G7/10Devices for lifting patients or disabled persons, e.g. special adaptations of hoists thereto
    • A61G7/1049Attachment, suspending or supporting means for patients
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61GTRANSPORT, PERSONAL CONVEYANCES, OR ACCOMMODATION SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR PATIENTS OR DISABLED PERSONS; OPERATING TABLES OR CHAIRS; CHAIRS FOR DENTISTRY; FUNERAL DEVICES
    • A61G7/00Beds specially adapted for nursing; Devices for lifting patients or disabled persons
    • A61G7/10Devices for lifting patients or disabled persons, e.g. special adaptations of hoists thereto
    • A61G7/1049Attachment, suspending or supporting means for patients
    • A61G7/1059Seats
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61GTRANSPORT, PERSONAL CONVEYANCES, OR ACCOMMODATION SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR PATIENTS OR DISABLED PERSONS; OPERATING TABLES OR CHAIRS; CHAIRS FOR DENTISTRY; FUNERAL DEVICES
    • A61G7/00Beds specially adapted for nursing; Devices for lifting patients or disabled persons
    • A61G7/10Devices for lifting patients or disabled persons, e.g. special adaptations of hoists thereto
    • A61G7/1073Parts, details or accessories
    • A61G7/1082Rests specially adapted for
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61GTRANSPORT, PERSONAL CONVEYANCES, OR ACCOMMODATION SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR PATIENTS OR DISABLED PERSONS; OPERATING TABLES OR CHAIRS; CHAIRS FOR DENTISTRY; FUNERAL DEVICES
    • A61G7/00Beds specially adapted for nursing; Devices for lifting patients or disabled persons
    • A61G7/10Devices for lifting patients or disabled persons, e.g. special adaptations of hoists thereto
    • A61G7/1073Parts, details or accessories
    • A61G7/1082Rests specially adapted for
    • A61G7/1086Upper body
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61GTRANSPORT, PERSONAL CONVEYANCES, OR ACCOMMODATION SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR PATIENTS OR DISABLED PERSONS; OPERATING TABLES OR CHAIRS; CHAIRS FOR DENTISTRY; FUNERAL DEVICES
    • A61G2200/00Information related to the kind of patient or his position
    • A61G2200/30Specific positions of the patient
    • A61G2200/34Specific positions of the patient sitting
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61GTRANSPORT, PERSONAL CONVEYANCES, OR ACCOMMODATION SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR PATIENTS OR DISABLED PERSONS; OPERATING TABLES OR CHAIRS; CHAIRS FOR DENTISTRY; FUNERAL DEVICES
    • A61G2200/00Information related to the kind of patient or his position
    • A61G2200/50Information related to the kind of patient or his position the patient is supported by a specific part of the body
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61GTRANSPORT, PERSONAL CONVEYANCES, OR ACCOMMODATION SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR PATIENTS OR DISABLED PERSONS; OPERATING TABLES OR CHAIRS; CHAIRS FOR DENTISTRY; FUNERAL DEVICES
    • A61G2200/00Information related to the kind of patient or his position
    • A61G2200/50Information related to the kind of patient or his position the patient is supported by a specific part of the body
    • A61G2200/52Underarm
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61GTRANSPORT, PERSONAL CONVEYANCES, OR ACCOMMODATION SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR PATIENTS OR DISABLED PERSONS; OPERATING TABLES OR CHAIRS; CHAIRS FOR DENTISTRY; FUNERAL DEVICES
    • A61G2203/00General characteristics of devices
    • A61G2203/70General characteristics of devices with special adaptations, e.g. for safety or comfort

Abstract

The present invention provides a kind of device for aiding in handicapped people to take off trousers and the wheelchair using the device, applied to wheelchair, including human body upper body raising and lowering module, control module and power module;Wherein human body upper body can be lifted up or put down downwards by human body upper body raising and lowering module from the cushion of wheelchair;Control module is used to control human body upper body raising and lowering module, and power module provides energy for device.The present apparatus is at least containing can allow the functions of human body upper body rise and fall.The upper body of the disabled person can slowly be lifted up from the cushion of wheelchair to its buttocks the degree for departing from the surface of the cushion of wheelchair by the function, so as to disabled person when needed can be more convenient take off trousers.When needed (after putting on trousers) can more conveniently by the upper body of the residual disease people gently drop to its buttocks sit back wheelchair cushion surface degree.

Description

Handicapped people is aided in take off the device and wheelchair of trousers
Technical field
The invention belongs to medical instruments field, is related to a kind of wheelchair, especially aids in handicapped people to take off the device of trousers And wheelchair.
Background technology
There is hundreds of thousands people every year all over the world due to traffic accident, the reason such as fall down and injure vertebra, and cause the lower part of the body unsuccessful.Also More people cause the lower part of the body unsuccessful because of the disease such as cerebral hemorrhage or cerebral infarction.The unsuccessful disabled person of the lower part of the body can typically utilize wheelchair Movable indoors, also many elderlys are also because legs and feet inconvenience and wheelchair.
Wheelchair is the important tool of rehabilitation, and it is not only the walking-replacing tool of limbs the disabled and handicapped personage with wheelchair, Them are more importantly made to carry out physical exercise by means of wheelchair and participate in social activities.Common wheelchair is typically by wheelchair frame, car Wheel, brake gear and seat against four parts composition.Hand wheelchair increases manual setter on the basis of common wheelchair.Electric wheelchair exists On the basis of common wheelchair, increase electronics force aid system, alleviate the physical demands of user.
But to go to go to toilet based on the setting of current wheelchair, the disabled person or the elderly oneself of wheelchair, have quite Big difficulty.Therefore, when the unsuccessful disabled person of the lower part of the body or the elderly are in, it usually needs other people look after.
To solve this problem, also some wheelchairs use hollow cushion, and have a container in hollow cushion, should Container is used for storing the stool and urine of wheelchair user.Then, emptied by nurse's timing.But this way obviously just like The shortcomings that lower.First, the typically no lid of container under the hollow cushion, stool and urine therein are easy to distribute unpleasant gas Taste.If all using this kind of wheelchair with size Bedpan in home for destitute, the health and living environment of the elderly can be by Larger challenge.Second, nurse must often go to check whether the container under the cushion that this is hollow needs to clean, then artificial cleaning The container, it is more inconvenient.
Also it is exactly that, if helped without nurse, some disabled persons can not oneself de- trousers.Therefore, even with band There is the Wheelchair of toilet waste collector, disabled person still needs nurse's help to take off trousers, could stool and urine;After completing stool and urine, Nurse's help is also needed to put on trousers.Therefore, some disabled persons still can not be in the case where no other people help, and crossing has honor Tight life.
The content of the invention
The present invention be directed to disadvantage mentioned above, there is provided a kind of applicable disabled person or the elderly etc. it is handicapped need wheelchair auxiliary The people helped, the people of trousers particularly can not be voluntarily taken off, voluntarily take off trousers to reach wheelchair user, independently go to toilet, and health Comfortable purpose.
To achieve the above object of the invention, the present invention is realized using following technical scheme:
The present invention provides a kind of device for aiding in handicapped people to take off trousers, with wheelchair, including human body Rise and decline module, control module and power module;
Wherein human body upper body can be lifted up or to decentralization by human body upper body raising and lowering module from the cushion of wheelchair Under;
Control module is used to control human body upper body raising and lowering module, and power module provides energy for device.
Further, as one embodiment of the present invention, in one embodiment of the invention, the human body upper body rise and Decline module is wheelchair armrest moving up and down, and the wheelchair armrest is located at the lower section of human body both sides armpit respectively.
Further, as another embodiment of the present invention, in another embodiment of the present invention, on the human body with It is pulling belt structure to rise and decline module, and the pulling belt structure includes drawstring fix bar and the drawstring being connected in drawstring fix bar; Drawstring can rise or fall, and drive human body upper body to rise or fall.
In addition, the present invention also provides a kind of embodiment, the human body upper body raising and lowering module includes pulling apparatus With the vest for human body dress;At least one locking device is wherein provided with vest, vest can be locked on human body, is lifted Device is connected with vest, and rising or falling for human body upper body is realized by lifting vest.
Further, at least one lifting point is provided with the vest, the lifting point is connected with pulling apparatus.
Further, the people that can not be moved for convenience of both hands, described device also include de- trousers module, the de- trousers module It is connected with the upper end of trousers, trousers can be taken off to can allow the position of size of human body just, and after the completion of stool and urine, trousers are extensive The multiple position to before taking off.
Further, the de- trousers module includes at least one flexible traction being embedded in back pad and cushion Device;Wherein each tractor is provided with a fixator, and the fixator is fixed on the upper end of trousers.
Further, the de- trousers module includes two flexible tractors being embedded in back pad and cushion;Its In two tractors be located at human body both sides respectively, i.e., respectively positioned at the both sides in back pad and the outside of cushion.
In addition, the present invention also provides a kind of wheelchair conveniently gone to toilet, provided with above-mentioned auxiliary, handicapped people takes off trousers The device of son.
Further, the wheel chair cushions comprise at least an outer cushion and an interior cushion;
Its China and foreign countries' cushion is provided with a through hole, and the stool and urine that the size of through hole is enough to allow passes through without polluting cushion;
Interior cushion matches with the through hole, and when not needing stool and urine, interior cushion is located in through hole, is formed with outer cushion Complete cushion;
Collecting excrement and urine device is not provided with below wheel chair cushions;
When needing stool and urine, interior cushion can be opened, and expose through hole so that the opening of toilet seat outside through-hole alignment.
Outside toilet seat in the present invention can be in general family expenses or public arena closestool, or other are according to residual The independent toilet seat of disease people's situation special facture, in a word, the outside toilet seat and the wheelchair using wheel chair cushions of the present invention without Relevance, as long as meeting that the height of toilet seat is less than the height of wheel chair cushions, width is less than the gap of wheelchair two-wheeled so that wheelchair It can be located at directly over toilet seat.
Further, the de- trousers module of wheelchair is fixed on interior cushion by fixator, interior cushion can outside pull, expose Through hole, while drive the fixator of de- trousers module so that the trousers of fixator connection are taken off.
Compared with prior art, the wheel chair cushions conveniently gone to toilet of the invention and wheelchair have following advantage:
The present apparatus is at least containing can allow the functions of human body upper body rise and fall.The function can be by the upper body of the disabled person Slowly it is lifted up to its buttocks departing from the degree on the surface of the cushion of wheelchair from the cushion of wheelchair, so that disabled person is needing When can take off trousers more conveniently.
The upper body of the residual disease people can gently be dropped into its stern more conveniently (after putting on trousers) when needed Portion sits back the degree on the surface of the cushion of wheelchair.
Further, the device of the de- trousers of the handicapped people of the auxiliary of this patent also at least contains a de- trousers mould Block.The de- trousers module can be connected with the upper end of trousers, and can take off trousers can allow this action inconvenience to facilitate stool and urine Degree.This takes off trousers module after handicapped completion stool and urine, the position that can be returned to its trousers before de- trousers. This two more convenient functions, so as to the disabled person that both hands can not be exerted oneself, slowly it is lifted up to its buttocks in upper body When departing from the surface of the cushion of wheelchair, the trousers of oneself can also be taken off.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is that the Wheelchair structure signal for aiding in handicapped people to take off trousers device is provided with one embodiment of the invention Figure;
Schematic diagram when Fig. 2 is human body upper body raising and lowering block motion in one embodiment of the invention;
Fig. 3 A-3C are the structural representation of human body upper body raising and lowering module in Fig. 2;
Fig. 4 is the schematic diagram of drawstring formula human body upper body raising and lowering module;
Fig. 5 is the schematic diagram of vest type human body upper body raising and lowering module;
Fig. 6 is the schematic diagram of the wheelchair provided with de- trousers module;
Fig. 7 is the schematic diagram of another angle provided with de- trousers module wheelchair;
Fig. 8 is the wheelchair that the people for coordinating the auxiliary of wheel chair cushions handicapped takes off trousers, and now cushion closes in wheelchair;
Fig. 9 is the wheelchair in Fig. 8, and now cushion is opened in wheelchair.
Embodiment
As shown in figure 1, the device 100 for aiding in the de- trousers of handicapped people of this patent is made up of three main modulars: Human body upper body rise and fall module 120, control module 170 and power module 190.Power module 190 is the dynamic inconvenience of secondary row Electric energy necessary to the device of the de- trousers of people provides.Control module 170 is used for controlling the raising and lowering of whole human body upper body, to help Help handicapped people, particularly disabled person to complete de- trousers more conveniently and wear the activity of trousers.The secondary row of this patent The device 100 for moving the de- trousers of people of inconvenience mainly can apply to wheelchair.Therefore, we are in Fig. 1 with an electric wheelchair 110 Three-dimensional schematic diagram explain.Wheelchair 110 is typically by the mobile module 111 containing wheel, cushion 113, foot pad 114, the back of the body Pad 115, the headrest 116, handle 117, wheelchair controller 118 and the typical common components composition of the grade of power module 119.
This patent aids in handicapped people to take off the human body upper body rise and fall module 120 in the device 100 of trousers, control Molding block 170 and power module 190 can be with the handle 117 in electric wheelchair, wheelchair controllers 118 and power module 119 etc. Multiplexing.In general, if brand-new the carrying of production aids in the wheelchair of the device 100 of the de- trousers of handicapped people, multiplexing Module can more facilitate and cost-effective.But these modules of this patent can also be totally independent of the module of wheelchair.When These module section independences of this patent or when being totally independent of the module of wheelchair, the people that the auxiliary of this patent is handicapped takes off trousers The device 100 of son is easier to be integrated into the wheelchair of existing wheelchair or different manufacturers production.This patent contains these Change.
In order to facilitate further instruction, we use the side view of wheelchair, as shown in Figure 2.Handicapped people is aided in take off Human body upper body rise and fall module 120 in the device 100 of trousers, it is main to be responsible for the disabled upper part of human body from the cushion of wheelchair Slowly it is lifted up or gently puts down downwards.When the disabled person using patent device thinks de- trousers, the disabled person can be controlled The various possible instruction paths that molding block 170 provides, instruction is sent to control module 170.Control module 170 is receiving instruction Afterwards, so that it may since control the motion of human body upper body rise and fall module 120.It is assumed that human body upper body rise and fall module 120 and wheel The handle multiplexing of chair.Such as scheme as the handling position of in general wheelchair position when human body upper body rise and fall module 120 is flat In 2 shown in 120A.It is assumed that the instruction that the disabled person sends is to want human body upper body rise and fall module 120 by the upper body of the disabled person It is lifted up to certain convenience taking off the height of trousers from the cushion of wheelchair, human body upper body rise and fall module 120 will first be delayed The height of the slow both sides armpit for rising to the disabled person, as shown in 120B in Fig. 2.Now, human body upper body rise and fall module 120 It is exactly in the lower section of the both sides armpit of the disabled person.Then, human body upper body rise and fall module 120 can be with further up side Just the height of trousers is taken off, as shown in 120C in Fig. 2.Now, the buttocks of the disabled person will depart from the cushion of wheelchair.The disabled person Trousers will no longer be crushed on below its buttocks.At this time, if the both hands of this disabled person can move freely, this position Disabled person's can is taken off trousers with the both hands of oneself.After the disabled person takes off trousers, the disabled person again can be with Other instructions are sent, upper body is such as put back into original height, as shown in 120A in Fig. 2, to do the thing that the disabled person wants to do Feelings, such as go to toilet.After the action gone to toilet is completed, the disabled person can send instruction to control module 170 again, allow human body The upper body of the disabled person is lifted up conveniently wearing trousers to certain by upper body rise and fall module 120 from the cushion of wheelchair again Height, as shown in 120C in Fig. 2, at this moment, this disabled person's can is put on trousers with the both hands of oneself again.Afterwards, The disabled person can send instruction to control module 170 again, allow human body upper body rise and fall module 120 to come back to original handle Height, as shown in 120A in Fig. 2, the upper body of the disabled person is placed back on original cushion, so as to complete to rise, take off Trousers, decline, stool and urine, then rise, wear trousers, then decline, this entire exercise.
Control module 170 is integrated on the handle of wheelchair as shown in Figure 2, or human body upper body rise and fall module On 120.But this it is not necessary to.Control module 170 can be according to system design and the demand of practical application, quilt It is placed on other convenient places.
Due to the particularity of disabled person, control module 170 may need the various instruction paths provided.These instruction paths Can be, it is more conventional push button or rocker-type or complex sound type or optical profile type, may be used also To be increasingly complex myoelectricity formula or brain electric-type.Button and rocking bar are most commonly seen instruction path modes.People can be with With hand come control button or rocking bar, instructed to control module 170 to human body upper body rise and fall etc..If disabled person's sounding Have no problem, the disabled person can also send the instruction of sound, allow control module 170 to control human body upper body rise and fall module 120 rise or fall.If the disabled person is unable to sounding, but can rotate eyeball, disabled person's can passes through tracking Oculomotor sensor, carry out control module 170 and then to control rising or falling for human body upper body rise and fall module 120. If the disabled person lacks finger, the disabled person even can with electromyographic signal or EEG signals sensor come provide rise or under The control signal of drop.This patent includes these common various instruction paths.Here repeat no more.
Human body upper body rise and fall module 120 also has different implementations.For example, human body upper body rise and fall module 120 can reach the purpose of lifting human body upper body by the height of the armpit for the two-arm for lifting human body.And by lifting human body The height of armpit of two-arm have several feasible modes again:Strut is lifted or drawstring lifting.
The method of strut lifting is exactly to allow user that the armpit of two-arm is put on strut.At this moment, when strut moves upwards When, the height of the armpit of the two-arm of human body will be lifted, and then the purpose for allowing human body upper body to rise.The handle of wheelchair can be with Used as strut, as is the case in figure 2.The method of strut lifting can also use variform strut, in Fig. 3 Shown in 120E, 120F, 120G.120E is the shape of relatively common wheel chair handle.120F is more irregular shape.And It is adapted to support the shape of the armpit of the two-arm of human body in 120G containing a comparison, allows support bar in the two-arm of support human body Armpit when it is more firm and comfortable.Certainly, people can also increase the material of some soft pads on the surface of strut, allow support Bar is more comfortable when supporting the armpit of two-arm of human body.This patent contains these changes and promoted, and repeats no more here.
The method of drawstring lifting is exactly to allow user that two-arm is passed through into drawstring, allows drawstring to be exactly in the position of armpit.Such as Shown in Fig. 4.By a drawstring fix bar 125, the height of the armpit of the two-arm of human body is just put into when drawstring 126 is flat.Work as human body When needing lifting, in the annulus 127 that user can be formed the two-arm insertion drawstring of oneself, until the armpit of two-arm.At this moment, When drawstring moves upwards, the height of the armpit of the two-arm of human body will be lifted, and then the purpose for allowing human body upper body to rise. Drawstring can also not contain annulus 127, but use VELCRO.So people can be as needed, using VELCRO, oneself Drawstring is fixed to below the armpit of two-arm.
Human body upper body rise and fall module 120 can also reach the purpose of lifting human body upper body in other way. For example, people can put on a special vest 128.The special vest of this part be specifically for lifting human body upper body and Design.The front view of special vest is as shown in Figure 5.The shape of special vest 128 and the shape of in general life vest have Point is similar.In general, there is a locking device upper end for the trousers that people wears, the upper end of trousers can be allowed easily to lock Fallen in the waist of people to prevent trousers.The locking device of trousers upper end has a variety of common forms, as belt type (contains all kinds of skins Band, strap, plastic tape etc.), button-shaped, magic is mounted, elastic belt, etc..Because these modes are very common, here no longer Repeat.The general can in lower end of special vest 128 common are the locking being similar on trousers using any one Device 128A.Locking device used herein can also be belt type (containing all kinds of belts, strap, plastic tape etc.), button-shaped , magic is mounted, or elastic belt, etc..The front view of belt type schematic diagram is as shown in Figure 5.In use, people can be with Special vest 128 is put on, then the locking device in its lower end is fixed on to the waist of human body.In order to by the trousers of human body and The special vest of this part, which is spatially separated from, to come, and in general, the trousers of people can be locked at the lower section of human body waist, and special The locking device of different vest can be locked at the top of human body waist.In order to increase the area of stress, people can use more Individual locking device, as shown in 128B and 128C in Fig. 5.The special vest of this part is in addition to its locking device, it is also necessary to has one A little devices for being easy to lifting.For example, the top of the shoulder in special vest, can there is each one bayonet socket for being used to lift around 128L and 128R.When human body upper body rise and fall module 120 needs to lift human body, human body upper body rise and fall module 120 contains There is each device that can be lifted upwards around.Pulling apparatus just can be each with the left and right above the shoulder of special vest The bayonet socket docking for being used to lift of one is locked, or is inserted into wherein.When two can upward pulling apparatus move upwards when, just The shoulder of special vest can have been lifted, and then has lifted the upper body of human body.Pulling apparatus can also be brace rod style or Drawstring form.Compare with the method for the height of the armpit of the two-arm of direct lifting human body, carried with a special vest Holding body can preferably disperse the stress point of human body, not only the armpit of the two-arm of human body can stress, the waist of human body also can Enough part stress, so as to disperse the stress point of human body, effectively reduce the pressure of the armpit to the two-arm of human body, add easypro Suitable sense.People only can also use a pulling apparatus.As shown in the 128M in Fig. 5.The top of shoulder after special vest 128 Centre, can have one be used for lift bayonet socket 128M.In this case, people can be by this pulling apparatus and lifting Bayonet socket 128M is locked or inserted.When this pulling apparatus moves upwards, special vest 128 is just risen by lifting, and then band Moving body rises.
The people that the auxiliary of this patent is handicapped takes off the device 100 of trousers except existing human body upper body rise and fall module 120, outside control module 170 and power module 190, a de- trousers module 130 can also be increased.As shown in Figure 6 and Figure 7, take off Trousers module 130 is provided with two tractors, is respectively distributed to human body both sides, 131L and 131R.
Tractor in the present invention can make it is flexible be embedded in back pad and cushion but be independently of back pad And cushion, and can penetrate both.So, when wheelchair back pad change angle be, flexible tractor be still into In back pad and cushion, come without exposing.
Respectively there are fixator a 133L and 133R in tractor 131L and 131R front end.Fixator 133L and 133R can consolidate Surely the upper end of trousers is arrived.After human body is lifted, trousers are no longer pressurized.At this moment, as shown in fig. 6, two of de- trousers module 130 When small the tractor 131L and 131R for being distributed cushion both sides move to the downside direction of back pad respectively, fixator 133L with 133R is already affixed to the upper end of trousers, can slowly take off trousers.But the small tractor 131L in a backing cushion and 131R is moved downward, and its stroke ratio is relatively limited.Therefore, small tractor 131L and 131R will also continue on cushion on cushion Lateral direction motion, as shown in Figure 7.Small tractor 131L and 131R will continue on the direction shown in 135 on cushion, Continue to move after taking off certain degree in trousers to the lateral direction of cushion and (reached the degree that can facilitate stool and urine ), tractor 131L and 131R will stop motions.After completing stool and urine, cushion is being distributed in de- trousers module 130 The small tractor 131L and 131R of both sides can be moved in the opposite direction, allow fixator 133L and 133R to drive the upper of trousers End, gently puts on trousers.In actual use, if user's hand of the de- trousers device of this patent is completely disabled, The user oneself can not complete fixator 133L and 133R being fixed to the action of the upper end of trousers, and this just needs household Or nurse helps for fixator 133L and 133R to be fixed to the upper end of the trousers of user when starting.After this, this patent The de- can of trousers module 130 start working.
Tractor 131L and 131R in Fig. 6 and Fig. 7, and fixator 133L and 133R shape, size and location are only For illustrating.Fixator 133L and 133R can have a variety of common different modes.Fixator 133L and 133R can be with The various ways fixed with the mode of hook, key, the mode of VELCRO, the mode of button, mode of connect band etc., and trousers The upper end of son is fixed up.Certainly, people can also increase the quantity of fixator on the top of tractor, so as to each tractor Larger range of trousers, or the quantity of increase tractor can be driven, allows de- trousers to become more to smooth out with trousers are worn.Separately Outside, people also only use a tractor, to reduce cost, come the action completed de- trousers and wear trousers.This patent contains These changes.
De- trousers module 130 described in this patent can be applied in a variety of Wheelchairs, allow disabled person to exist On wheelchair in the case of other people no helps, de- trousers can be completed more conveniently and wear the action of trousers.In order to Allow disabled person's stool and urine, the cushion of wheelchair there must be ability to transform.The cushion ability to transform of wheelchair refers to the cushion energy of wheelchair It is enough to become hollow when needing stool and urine, it is convenient after action of the disabled person in the de- trousers of completion, being capable of stool and urine.This is specially Profit can allow de- trousers and cushion to change the two processes and come together to complete, as shown in Figure 8 and Figure 9.As shown in figure 8, the wheelchair There is a cushion 113 containing ability to transform.There is the cushion 113 of ability to transform typically by an outer ring cushion 113W, in internal Empty part 113K, and an inner ring cushion 113N composition.One inner ring cushion 113N typically can be than the part of inner hollow 113K is a little bit smaller.If disabled person when needing stool and urine, can release inner ring cushion 113N to the front of wheel chair cushions, this Sample can forms a hollow region 113K at the middle part of wheel chair cushions, and the stool and urine can of disabled person passes through in this Empty region 113K is discharged into the toilet waste collector below cushion.For convenience's sake, we de- trousers module 130 and will can have The wheel chair cushions 113 of ability to transform integrate.As shown in figure 9, fixed herein to be distinguished with the fixator in Fig. 8 herein The same one end of device connects the trousers bearing of human body, and fixator is named as de- trousers fixator 133M herein.De- trousers module 130 De- trousers fixator 133M may be mounted at inner ring cushion 113N top.When inner ring cushion 113N moves to the outside of wheelchair When, the de- trousers fixator 133M of de- trousers module 130 will be driven also to be moved to the outside of wheelchair.If de- trousers module If the top for the trousers that 130 de- trousers fixator 133M is integrally fixed at wheelchair user, trousers fixator 133M is taken off The trousers of wheelchair user are taken off can be with the position of stool and urine, as shown in Figure 9.Inner ring cushion 113N motion is to be easy to Realize, as long as inner ring cushion 113N can be driven to the flat of wheel chair cushions forward using one in the lower section of cushion 113 Shifting formwork block, it becomes possible to which inner ring cushion 113N is released or drawn in the outside of wheelchair when needed.When inner ring cushion 113N is drawn When entering, the de- trousers fixator 133M of de- trousers module 130 can also pull on the trousers of user certain position.It is true On, can facilitate the wheel chair cushions of disabled person's stool and urine can have different designs, this beyond this patent category, here Repeat no more.
Human body upper body rise and fall module 120 and de- trousers module 130 described in this patent can be applied to a variety of In Wheelchair, allow disabled person that in the case of other people no helps, de- trousers can be completed more conveniently on wheelchair Son and the action for wearing trousers.The de- trousers of completion and the action main purpose for wearing trousers are exactly with integrated in order to facilitate disabled person Toilet waste collector wheelchair on it is other people look after when oneself complete stool and urine, can also be in not integrated toilet waste collector but side Just oneself stool and urine is completed on the wheelchair of the toilet waste collector used using ordinary people when other people do not look after.

Claims (10)

1. the handicapped people of auxiliary takes off the device of trousers, it is characterised in that described device is applied to wheelchair, including human body upper body Raising and lowering module, control module and power module;
Wherein human body upper body can be lifted up or put down downwards by human body upper body raising and lowering module from the cushion of wheelchair;
Control module is used to control human body upper body raising and lowering module, and power module provides energy for device.
2. the handicapped people of auxiliary according to claim 1 takes off the device of trousers, it is characterised in that the human body upper body Raising and lowering module is wheelchair armrest moving up and down, and the wheelchair armrest is located at the lower section of human body both sides armpit respectively.
3. the handicapped people of auxiliary according to claim 1 takes off the device of trousers, it is characterised in that the human body upper body Raising and lowering module is pulling belt structure, and the pulling belt structure includes drawstring fix bar and the drawing being connected in drawstring fix bar Band;Drawstring can rise or fall, and drive human body upper body to rise or fall.
4. the handicapped people of auxiliary according to claim 1 takes off the device of trousers, it is characterised in that the human body upper body Raising and lowering module includes pulling apparatus and the vest for human body dress;At least one locking dress is wherein provided with vest Put, vest can be locked on human body, pulling apparatus is connected with vest, by lift vest realize human body upper body rising or under Drop.
5. the handicapped people of auxiliary according to claim 1 takes off the device of trousers, it is characterised in that described device is also wrapped De- trousers module is included, and the de- trousers module is connected with the upper end of trousers, trousers can be taken off to can allow the position of size of human body just Put, and after the completion of stool and urine, trousers are recovered into the position to before taking off.
6. the handicapped people of auxiliary according to claim 5 takes off the device of trousers, it is characterised in that the de- trousers mould Block includes at least one flexible tractor being embedded in back pad and cushion;Wherein each tractor is provided with a fixation Device, the fixator are fixed on the upper end of trousers.
7. the handicapped people of auxiliary according to claim 5 takes off the device of trousers, it is characterised in that the de- trousers mould Block includes two flexible tractors being embedded in back pad and cushion;Two of which tractor is located at human body both sides respectively.
8. the wheelchair conveniently gone to toilet, it is characterised in that the wheelchair is provided with the auxiliary as described in claim 1-7 any one Handicapped people takes off the device of trousers.
9. the wheelchair according to claim 8 conveniently gone to toilet, it is characterised in that the wheel chair cushions comprise at least one Outer cushion and an interior cushion;
Its China and foreign countries' cushion is provided with a through hole, and the stool and urine that the size of through hole is enough to allow passes through without polluting cushion;
Interior cushion matches with the through hole, and when not needing stool and urine, interior cushion is located in through hole, is formed with outer cushion complete Cushion;
Collecting excrement and urine device is not provided with below wheel chair cushions;
When needing stool and urine, interior cushion can be opened, and expose through hole so that the opening of toilet seat outside through-hole alignment.
10. the wheelchair according to claim 9 conveniently gone to toilet, it is characterised in that the de- trousers module of wheelchair passes through solid Determine device to be fixed on interior cushion, interior cushion can outside pull, expose through hole, while drive the fixator of de- trousers module so that The trousers of fixator connection are taken off.
CN201710882253.XA 2017-09-26 2017-09-26 Handicapped people is aided in take off the device and wheelchair of trousers Pending CN107485498A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710882253.XA CN107485498A (en) 2017-09-26 2017-09-26 Handicapped people is aided in take off the device and wheelchair of trousers

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710882253.XA CN107485498A (en) 2017-09-26 2017-09-26 Handicapped people is aided in take off the device and wheelchair of trousers

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CN107485498A true CN107485498A (en) 2017-12-19

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Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201710882253.XA Pending CN107485498A (en) 2017-09-26 2017-09-26 Handicapped people is aided in take off the device and wheelchair of trousers

Country Status (1)

Country Link
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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110772387A (en) * 2019-09-23 2020-02-11 张季敏 Intelligent medical auxiliary equipment for bedridden patient and working method thereof

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110772387A (en) * 2019-09-23 2020-02-11 张季敏 Intelligent medical auxiliary equipment for bedridden patient and working method thereof
CN110772387B (en) * 2019-09-23 2021-04-30 河南科技大学第一附属医院 Intelligent medical auxiliary equipment for bedridden patient and working method thereof

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