CN108938226B - Medical instrument convenient for orthopedics patient to sit and lie - Google Patents

Medical instrument convenient for orthopedics patient to sit and lie Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108938226B
CN108938226B CN201810508739.1A CN201810508739A CN108938226B CN 108938226 B CN108938226 B CN 108938226B CN 201810508739 A CN201810508739 A CN 201810508739A CN 108938226 B CN108938226 B CN 108938226B
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China
Prior art keywords
rods
seat
seat plate
rod
blocks
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CN201810508739.1A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN108938226A (en
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栾康
李武伟
谢培发
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栾康
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Priority to CN201810508739.1A priority Critical patent/CN108938226B/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61GTRANSPORT, PERSONAL CONVEYANCES, OR ACCOMMODATION SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR PATIENTS OR DISABLED PERSONS; OPERATING TABLES OR CHAIRS; CHAIRS FOR DENTISTRY; FUNERAL DEVICES
    • A61G5/00Chairs or personal conveyances specially adapted for patients or disabled persons, e.g. wheelchairs
    • A61G5/003Wheelchairs attached to a cycle steerable by an attendant
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61GTRANSPORT, PERSONAL CONVEYANCES, OR ACCOMMODATION SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR PATIENTS OR DISABLED PERSONS; OPERATING TABLES OR CHAIRS; CHAIRS FOR DENTISTRY; FUNERAL DEVICES
    • A61G5/00Chairs or personal conveyances specially adapted for patients or disabled persons, e.g. wheelchairs
    • A61G5/10Parts, details or accessories
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61GTRANSPORT, PERSONAL CONVEYANCES, OR ACCOMMODATION SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR PATIENTS OR DISABLED PERSONS; OPERATING TABLES OR CHAIRS; CHAIRS FOR DENTISTRY; FUNERAL DEVICES
    • A61G5/00Chairs or personal conveyances specially adapted for patients or disabled persons, e.g. wheelchairs
    • A61G5/10Parts, details or accessories
    • A61G5/1056Arrangements for adjusting the seat
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61GTRANSPORT, PERSONAL CONVEYANCES, OR ACCOMMODATION SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR PATIENTS OR DISABLED PERSONS; OPERATING TABLES OR CHAIRS; CHAIRS FOR DENTISTRY; FUNERAL DEVICES
    • A61G5/00Chairs or personal conveyances specially adapted for patients or disabled persons, e.g. wheelchairs
    • A61G5/10Parts, details or accessories
    • A61G5/1056Arrangements for adjusting the seat
    • A61G5/1067Arrangements for adjusting the seat adjusting the backrest relative to the seat portion
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61GTRANSPORT, PERSONAL CONVEYANCES, OR ACCOMMODATION SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR PATIENTS OR DISABLED PERSONS; OPERATING TABLES OR CHAIRS; CHAIRS FOR DENTISTRY; FUNERAL DEVICES
    • A61G5/00Chairs or personal conveyances specially adapted for patients or disabled persons, e.g. wheelchairs
    • A61G5/10Parts, details or accessories
    • A61G5/12Rests specially adapted therefor, e.g. for the head or the feet
    • A61G5/125Rests specially adapted therefor, e.g. for the head or the feet for arms
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61GTRANSPORT, PERSONAL CONVEYANCES, OR ACCOMMODATION SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR PATIENTS OR DISABLED PERSONS; OPERATING TABLES OR CHAIRS; CHAIRS FOR DENTISTRY; FUNERAL DEVICES
    • A61G5/00Chairs or personal conveyances specially adapted for patients or disabled persons, e.g. wheelchairs
    • A61G5/10Parts, details or accessories
    • A61G5/12Rests specially adapted therefor, e.g. for the head or the feet
    • A61G5/128Rests specially adapted therefor, e.g. for the head or the feet for feet
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61HPHYSICAL THERAPY APPARATUS, e.g. DEVICES FOR LOCATING OR STIMULATING REFLEX POINTS IN THE BODY; ARTIFICIAL RESPIRATION; MASSAGE; BATHING DEVICES FOR SPECIAL THERAPEUTIC OR HYGIENIC PURPOSES OR SPECIFIC PARTS OF THE BODY
    • A61H23/00Percussion or vibration massage, e.g. using supersonic vibration; Suction-vibration massage; Massage with moving diaphragms
    • A61H23/006Percussion or tapping massage
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61HPHYSICAL THERAPY APPARATUS, e.g. DEVICES FOR LOCATING OR STIMULATING REFLEX POINTS IN THE BODY; ARTIFICIAL RESPIRATION; MASSAGE; BATHING DEVICES FOR SPECIAL THERAPEUTIC OR HYGIENIC PURPOSES OR SPECIFIC PARTS OF THE BODY
    • A61H23/00Percussion or vibration massage, e.g. using supersonic vibration; Suction-vibration massage; Massage with moving diaphragms
    • A61H23/02Percussion or vibration massage, e.g. using supersonic vibration; Suction-vibration massage; Massage with moving diaphragms with electric or magnetic drive
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61HPHYSICAL THERAPY APPARATUS, e.g. DEVICES FOR LOCATING OR STIMULATING REFLEX POINTS IN THE BODY; ARTIFICIAL RESPIRATION; MASSAGE; BATHING DEVICES FOR SPECIAL THERAPEUTIC OR HYGIENIC PURPOSES OR SPECIFIC PARTS OF THE BODY
    • A61H2201/00Characteristics of apparatus not provided for in the preceding codes
    • A61H2201/16Physical interface with patient
    • A61H2201/1602Physical interface with patient kind of interface, e.g. head rest, knee support or lumbar support
    • A61H2201/164Feet or leg, e.g. pedal
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61HPHYSICAL THERAPY APPARATUS, e.g. DEVICES FOR LOCATING OR STIMULATING REFLEX POINTS IN THE BODY; ARTIFICIAL RESPIRATION; MASSAGE; BATHING DEVICES FOR SPECIAL THERAPEUTIC OR HYGIENIC PURPOSES OR SPECIFIC PARTS OF THE BODY
    • A61H2205/00Devices for specific parts of the body
    • A61H2205/12Feet

Abstract

The invention relates to a medical instrument, in particular to a medical instrument convenient for sitting and lying of orthopedic patients. The invention aims to provide a medical instrument which can adjust the inclination angle of a backrest, adjust the left and right positions of a pedal, beat legs and prevent the legs from swelling due to no movement and is convenient for orthopedic patients to sit and lie. The technical scheme is as follows: a medical apparatus convenient for sitting and lying of orthopedic patients comprises an installation block, a first guide rail, a first sliding sleeve, an arc-shaped rod, a first connecting block, chair legs and the like; the ward windowsill left and right sides all is connected with the installation piece, is connected with first guide rail between the inside middle part of two installation pieces. The invention achieves the effects of adjusting the inclination angle of the backrest, adjusting the left and right positions of the pedal, beating the legs and preventing the legs from swelling due to no movement, and is convenient for orthopedic patients to sit and lie, and the left and right movement of the seat plate is realized by arranging the first guide rail, the first sliding sleeve, the arc-shaped rod, the first connecting block, the chair legs, the pushing handle and the seat plate.

Description

Medical instrument convenient for orthopedics patient to sit and lie
Technical Field
The invention relates to a medical instrument, in particular to a medical instrument convenient for sitting and lying of orthopedic patients.
Background
Orthopedics is one of the most common departments in all hospitals, and mainly studies the anatomy, physiology and pathology of the skeletal muscle system, and maintains and develops the normal form and function of the system by using medicines, operations and physical methods. With the change of times and society, the orthopedic injury spectrum has obvious changes, for example, diseases such as osteoarticular tuberculosis, osteomyelitis, poliomyelitis and the like are obviously reduced, and the injuries caused by traffic accidents are obviously increased.
Medical instruments refer to instruments, devices, appliances, in-vitro diagnostic reagents and calibrators, materials and other similar or related items used directly or indirectly on the human body, including the required computer software.
The orthopaedics patient is difficult to move independently, the sitting and lying basically means that a worker supports the orthopaedics patient on a seat, and the inclination angle of a backrest generally cannot be adjusted by the existing medical apparatus which is convenient for the orthopaedics patient to sit and lie, and the pedal position cannot be adjusted according to the leg length of the patient.
Therefore, the need to develop an inclination angle that can adjust the back, can adjust the footboard about the position with can beat the shank, prevent that the shank from not obtaining the motion and the swollen medical instrument that makes things convenient for orthopedics patient to sit and lie, overcome the inclination angle that can't adjust the back among the prior art, can't beat the shank according to the position about the long adjustment footboard of leg of disease, prevent that the shank from not obtaining the motion and the swollen shortcoming.
Disclosure of Invention
In order to overcome the defects that the inclination angle of a backrest cannot be adjusted, the left and right positions of a pedal cannot be adjusted according to the leg length of a patient, legs cannot be beaten, and the legs cannot be moved to be swollen in the prior art, the invention aims to provide a medical instrument which can adjust the inclination angle of the backrest, adjust the left and right positions of the pedal, can beat the legs and prevent the legs from being swollen due to the lack of movement and is convenient for the orthopedics patient to sit and lie.
The technical scheme is as follows: a medical apparatus convenient for sitting and lying of orthopedic patients comprises mounting blocks, first guide rails, first sliding sleeves, arc-shaped rods, first connecting blocks, chair legs, pushing handles, seat plates, backup plates, L-shaped rods, springs, screw rods and contact balls, wherein the mounting blocks are connected to the left and right sides of a ward windowsill, the first guide rails are connected between the middle parts of the inner sides of the two mounting blocks, the first guide rails are connected with the two first sliding sleeves in a sliding manner, the arc-shaped rods are connected between the tops of the front and rear sides of the two first sliding sleeves, the middle parts of the outer sides of the two arc-shaped rods are connected with the first connecting blocks, the tops of the two first sliding sleeves are connected with the two chair legs, the upper parts of the outer sides of the two first connecting blocks are connected with the pushing handles, the top ends of the chair legs are connected with the seat plates, the first connecting blocks on the front sides are connected with the bottoms of the front sides of the seat plates, the first connecting blocks on, the lower portion of the left side of the seat plate is connected with an L-shaped rod, the upper portion of the left side of the L-shaped rod is provided with a threaded hole, a screw rod is connected in the threaded hole in a threaded connection mode, a spring is connected between the middle of the left end of the screw rod and the top end of the L-shaped rod, the right end of the screw rod is connected with a contact ball, and the contact ball is in contact with the lower portion of the.
Further explanation, still including the dead lever, the roof, the leading wheel, the second guide rail, the second sliding sleeve, first connecting rod, the footboard, stay cord and pull ring, the installation piece right side upper portion on right side is connected with the dead lever, the dead lever top is connected with the roof, roof bottom left side and dead lever right side upper portion all are connected with the leading wheel, dead lever left side upper portion is equipped with the second guide rail, sliding connection has the second sliding sleeve on the second guide rail, both sides all are connected with first connecting rod around the second sliding sleeve, all be connected with the footboard between the inboard lower part of two first connecting rods, the second sliding sleeve left and right sides all is connected with the stay cord, two leading wheels are walked around respectively to two stay.
Further explaining, still including handrail and second connecting block, both sides top left and right sides all are connected with the second connecting block around the seat, are connected with the handrail between the second connecting block top of left and right sides, and it has the recess to open on the handrail.
Further explaining, still including the button head pole, the guide bar, electric putter, second connecting rod and rubber ball, all be connected with the button head pole between the inboard upper portion of first connecting rod of both sides around, be connected with the guide bar between two button head pole other ends, it has the aperture to open at the guide bar middle part, be equipped with electric putter between the first connecting rod of both sides around, electric putter passes the aperture, be connected with the second connecting rod on electric putter's the telescopic link, second connecting rod bottom evenly is connected with three rubber ball, three rubber ball all is located first connecting rod.
Further explaining, still including magnetic path and apron, it has the inner chamber to open on the seat, and seat front side right part rotary type is connected with the apron, and seat front side right part and apron rear side right part all are connected with the magnetic path, and two magnetic paths cooperate.
When the disease needs to sit and lie, the staff first supports the disease on the seat in an effort, make the back of disease lean on the backup plate, the staff rotates the screw rod after that, make the screw rod remove left or right, the screw rod drives the backup plate and rotates, thereby the inclination of backup plate has been adjusted, it is more comfortable that the messenger patient can sit and lie, the staff can promote two according to the sunshine position and push away and control the removal, two push away remove and control the removal through two first connecting blocks drive seat, the disease on the seat also can be removed simultaneously, when the disease can bathe sunshine, the staff stops to promote two and pushes away can, from this realized that the disease can fully enjoy sunshine, sit and lie more comfortable.
Because the medical bed also comprises a fixed rod, a top plate, guide wheels, a second guide rail, a second sliding sleeve, a first connecting rod, a pedal, pull ropes and pull rings, the upper part of the right side of the mounting block is connected with the fixed rod, the top end of the fixed rod is connected with the top plate, the left side of the bottom of the top plate and the upper part of the right side of the fixed rod are both connected with the guide wheels, the upper part of the left side of the fixed rod is provided with the second guide rail, the second guide rail is connected with the second sliding sleeve in a sliding way, the front side and the rear side of the second sliding sleeve are both connected with the first connecting rod, the pedal is connected between the lower parts of the inner sides of the two first connecting rods, the left side and the right side of the second sliding sleeve are both connected with the pull rings respectively by the two pull rings, so that when a patient holds, simultaneously the second sliding sleeve drives the two pedals to move leftwards through the two first connecting rods, if the legs of a patient are too long, a worker can pull the pull ring on the right side downwards, the pull ring on the right side drives the second sliding sleeve to move rightwards through the pull rope on the right side, and simultaneously the second sliding sleeve drives the two pedals to move rightwards through the two first connecting rods, so that the adjustment of the left and right positions of the two pedals is realized, and the two feet of the patient can be smoothly placed on the two pedals.
Because still including handrail and second connecting block, both sides top all are connected with the second connecting block about the seat front and back both sides, are connected with the handrail between the second connecting block top of the left and right sides, open flutedly on the handrail, so if the skeleton injury of disease hand, the patient can place both hands on two handrails, improves the comfort level of disease hand from this.
Because still including the button head pole, the guide bar, electric putter, second connecting rod and rubber ball, all be connected with the button head pole between the inboard upper portion of first connecting rod of front and back both sides, be connected with the guide bar between two button head pole other ends, it has the aperture to open at the guide bar middle part, be equipped with electric putter between the first connecting rod of front and back both sides, electric putter passes the aperture, be connected with the second connecting rod on electric putter's the telescopic link, second connecting rod bottom evenly is connected with three rubber ball, three rubber ball all is located first connecting rod, so if the foot of disease has beaten the gypsum, when the foot scab of disease leads to the disease foot to itch, the staff can start electric putter, control electric putter reciprocates, electric putter passes through the second connecting rod this moment and drives three rubber ball and reciprocates, thusly realized beating patient foot, the pruritus of patient foot has been alleviated.
Because still including magnetic path and apron, it has the inner chamber to open on the seat, seat front side right part rotary type is connected with the apron, seat front side right part and apron rear side right part all are connected with the magnetic path, two magnetic path cooperations, so the disease is before sitting and lying, can rotate the apron, make two magnetic paths no longer contact, then place intracavity including article such as drinking cup, the disease rotates the apron once more afterwards, make two magnetic paths cooperate once more, the apron blocks the inner chamber, when article such as the disease need take out drinking cup, as long as rotate once more the apron take out article can, from this, the deposit and the taking out of disease to article have been realized.
The invention can adjust the inclination angle of the backrest, can adjust the left and right positions of the pedal, can beat the legs, and can prevent the legs from swelling due to no movement, thereby being convenient for the orthopaedics patient to sit and lie, the left and right movement of the seat plate is realized by arranging the first guide rail, the first sliding sleeve, the arc-shaped rod, the first connecting block, the chair legs, the push handle and the seat plate, the adjustment of the inclination angle of the backrest is realized by arranging the spring, the screw rod and the contact ball, the left and right positions of the pedal are adjusted according to the leg length of the patient by arranging the guide wheel, the second guide rail, the second sliding sleeve, the first connecting rod, the pedal, the pull rope and the pull ring, the placement of the hands of the patient is realized by arranging the handrail and the second connecting block, the patient can sit and lie more comfortably, the round-head rod, the guide rod, the electric push rod, the second connecting rod and the rubber ball are arranged, the utility model has the advantages of realized beating disease foot, through having set up magnetic path and apron, realized the deposit and take out of disease to article.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a first front view structure diagram of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is a second front view structure diagram of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is a third schematic view of the present invention.
Fig. 4 is a schematic diagram of a fourth front view structure according to the present invention.
Fig. 5 is a schematic view of a fifth front view structure according to the present invention.
Labeled as: 1. the chair comprises a mounting block, 2, a first guide rail, 3, a first sliding sleeve, 4, an arc-shaped rod, 5, a first connecting block, 6, chair legs, 7, a pushing handle, 8, a seat plate, 9, a backup plate, 10, an L-shaped rod, 11, a threaded hole, 12, a spring, 13, a screw rod, 14, a contact ball, 15, a fixing rod, 16, a top plate, 17, a guide wheel, 18, a second guide rail, 19, a second sliding sleeve, 20, a first connecting rod, 21, a pedal, 22, a pull rope, 23, a pull ring, 24, a handrail, 25, a second connecting block, 251, a groove, 26, a round-head rod, 27, a guide rod, 28, a small hole, 29, an electric push rod, 30, a second connecting rod, 31, a rubber ball, 32, a magnetic block, 33, an inner cavity, 34 and a cover plate.
Detailed Description
The invention is further described with reference to the following figures and detailed description.
Example 1
A medical apparatus convenient for sitting and lying of orthopedic patients is shown in figures 1-5 and comprises mounting blocks 1, first guide rails 2, first sliding sleeves 3, arc-shaped rods 4, first connecting blocks 5, chair legs 6, push handles 7, a seat plate 8, a backup plate 9, L-shaped rods 10, springs 12, screw rods 13 and contact balls 14, wherein the left side and the right side of a ward windowsill are respectively connected with the mounting blocks 1, the first guide rails 2 are connected between the middle parts of the inner sides of the two mounting blocks 1, the first guide rails 2 are slidably connected with two first sliding sleeves 3, the arc-shaped rods 4 are respectively connected between the top parts of the front side and the back side of the two first sliding sleeves 3, the middle parts of the outer sides of the two arc-shaped rods 4 are respectively connected with the first connecting blocks 5, the top parts of the two first sliding sleeves 3 are respectively connected with the two chair legs 6, the upper parts of the outer sides of the two first connecting blocks 5 are respectively connected with the push handles 7, the top ends of the chair legs 6 are connected with, the first connecting block 5 and the 8 rear side bottoms of seat of rear side are connected, 8 top left sides rotary type of seat are connected with backup plate 9, 8 left side sub-unit connections of seat have L shape pole 10, open threaded hole 11 on 10 left sides upper portions of L shape pole, be connected with screw rod 13 through threaded connection's mode in the threaded hole 11, be connected with spring 12 between the middle and the 10 tops of L shape pole of screw rod 13 left end, screw rod 13 right-hand member is connected with contact ball 14, contact ball 14 and backup plate 9 left side lower part contact.
Example 2
A medical apparatus convenient for sitting and lying of orthopedic patients is shown in figures 1-5 and comprises mounting blocks 1, first guide rails 2, first sliding sleeves 3, arc-shaped rods 4, first connecting blocks 5, chair legs 6, push handles 7, a seat plate 8, a backup plate 9, L-shaped rods 10, springs 12, screw rods 13 and contact balls 14, wherein the left side and the right side of a ward windowsill are respectively connected with the mounting blocks 1, the first guide rails 2 are connected between the middle parts of the inner sides of the two mounting blocks 1, the first guide rails 2 are slidably connected with two first sliding sleeves 3, the arc-shaped rods 4 are respectively connected between the top parts of the front side and the back side of the two first sliding sleeves 3, the middle parts of the outer sides of the two arc-shaped rods 4 are respectively connected with the first connecting blocks 5, the top parts of the two first sliding sleeves 3 are respectively connected with the two chair legs 6, the upper parts of the outer sides of the two first connecting blocks 5 are respectively connected with the push handles 7, the top ends of the chair legs 6 are connected with, the first connecting block 5 and the 8 rear side bottoms of seat of rear side are connected, 8 top left sides rotary type of seat are connected with backup plate 9, 8 left side sub-unit connections of seat have L shape pole 10, open threaded hole 11 on 10 left sides upper portions of L shape pole, be connected with screw rod 13 through threaded connection's mode in the threaded hole 11, be connected with spring 12 between the middle and the 10 tops of L shape pole of screw rod 13 left end, screw rod 13 right-hand member is connected with contact ball 14, contact ball 14 and backup plate 9 left side lower part contact.
Still including dead lever 15, roof 16, leading wheel 17, second guide rail 18, second sliding sleeve 19, first connecting rod 20, footboard 21, stay cord 22 and pull ring 23, 1 right side upper portion of installation piece on right side is connected with dead lever 15, the 15 top of dead lever is connected with roof 16, roof 16 bottom left side and the 15 right side upper portion of dead lever all are connected with leading wheel 17, 15 left side upper portions of dead lever are equipped with second guide rail 18, sliding connection has second sliding sleeve 19 on second guide rail 18, 19 front and back both sides of second sliding sleeve all are connected with first connecting rod 20, all be connected with footboard 21 between the 20 inboard lower parts of two first connecting rods, 19 left and right sides of second sliding sleeve all are connected with stay cord 22, two leading wheels 17 are walked around respectively to two stay cords 22, two stay cord 22 ends all are connected.
Example 3
A medical apparatus convenient for sitting and lying of orthopedic patients is shown in figures 1-5 and comprises mounting blocks 1, first guide rails 2, first sliding sleeves 3, arc-shaped rods 4, first connecting blocks 5, chair legs 6, push handles 7, a seat plate 8, a backup plate 9, L-shaped rods 10, springs 12, screw rods 13 and contact balls 14, wherein the left side and the right side of a ward windowsill are respectively connected with the mounting blocks 1, the first guide rails 2 are connected between the middle parts of the inner sides of the two mounting blocks 1, the first guide rails 2 are slidably connected with two first sliding sleeves 3, the arc-shaped rods 4 are respectively connected between the top parts of the front side and the back side of the two first sliding sleeves 3, the middle parts of the outer sides of the two arc-shaped rods 4 are respectively connected with the first connecting blocks 5, the top parts of the two first sliding sleeves 3 are respectively connected with the two chair legs 6, the upper parts of the outer sides of the two first connecting blocks 5 are respectively connected with the push handles 7, the top ends of the chair legs 6 are connected with, the first connecting block 5 and the 8 rear side bottoms of seat of rear side are connected, 8 top left sides rotary type of seat are connected with backup plate 9, 8 left side sub-unit connections of seat have L shape pole 10, open threaded hole 11 on 10 left sides upper portions of L shape pole, be connected with screw rod 13 through threaded connection's mode in the threaded hole 11, be connected with spring 12 between the middle and the 10 tops of L shape pole of screw rod 13 left end, screw rod 13 right-hand member is connected with contact ball 14, contact ball 14 and backup plate 9 left side lower part contact.
Still including dead lever 15, roof 16, leading wheel 17, second guide rail 18, second sliding sleeve 19, first connecting rod 20, footboard 21, stay cord 22 and pull ring 23, 1 right side upper portion of installation piece on right side is connected with dead lever 15, the 15 top of dead lever is connected with roof 16, roof 16 bottom left side and the 15 right side upper portion of dead lever all are connected with leading wheel 17, 15 left side upper portions of dead lever are equipped with second guide rail 18, sliding connection has second sliding sleeve 19 on second guide rail 18, 19 front and back both sides of second sliding sleeve all are connected with first connecting rod 20, all be connected with footboard 21 between the 20 inboard lower parts of two first connecting rods, 19 left and right sides of second sliding sleeve all are connected with stay cord 22, two leading wheels 17 are walked around respectively to two stay cords 22, two stay cord 22 ends all are connected.
The seat plate is characterized by further comprising handrails 24 and second connecting blocks 25, the second connecting blocks 25 are connected to the left portion and the right portion above the front side and the rear side of the seat plate 8, the handrails 24 are connected between the tops of the second connecting blocks 25 on the left side and the right side, and grooves 251 are formed in the handrails 24.
Example 4
A medical apparatus convenient for sitting and lying of orthopedic patients is shown in figures 1-5 and comprises mounting blocks 1, first guide rails 2, first sliding sleeves 3, arc-shaped rods 4, first connecting blocks 5, chair legs 6, push handles 7, a seat plate 8, a backup plate 9, L-shaped rods 10, springs 12, screw rods 13 and contact balls 14, wherein the left side and the right side of a ward windowsill are respectively connected with the mounting blocks 1, the first guide rails 2 are connected between the middle parts of the inner sides of the two mounting blocks 1, the first guide rails 2 are slidably connected with two first sliding sleeves 3, the arc-shaped rods 4 are respectively connected between the top parts of the front side and the back side of the two first sliding sleeves 3, the middle parts of the outer sides of the two arc-shaped rods 4 are respectively connected with the first connecting blocks 5, the top parts of the two first sliding sleeves 3 are respectively connected with the two chair legs 6, the upper parts of the outer sides of the two first connecting blocks 5 are respectively connected with the push handles 7, the top ends of the chair legs 6 are connected with, the first connecting block 5 and the 8 rear side bottoms of seat of rear side are connected, 8 top left sides rotary type of seat are connected with backup plate 9, 8 left side sub-unit connections of seat have L shape pole 10, open threaded hole 11 on 10 left sides upper portions of L shape pole, be connected with screw rod 13 through threaded connection's mode in the threaded hole 11, be connected with spring 12 between the middle and the 10 tops of L shape pole of screw rod 13 left end, screw rod 13 right-hand member is connected with contact ball 14, contact ball 14 and backup plate 9 left side lower part contact.
Still including dead lever 15, roof 16, leading wheel 17, second guide rail 18, second sliding sleeve 19, first connecting rod 20, footboard 21, stay cord 22 and pull ring 23, 1 right side upper portion of installation piece on right side is connected with dead lever 15, the 15 top of dead lever is connected with roof 16, roof 16 bottom left side and the 15 right side upper portion of dead lever all are connected with leading wheel 17, 15 left side upper portions of dead lever are equipped with second guide rail 18, sliding connection has second sliding sleeve 19 on second guide rail 18, 19 front and back both sides of second sliding sleeve all are connected with first connecting rod 20, all be connected with footboard 21 between the 20 inboard lower parts of two first connecting rods, 19 left and right sides of second sliding sleeve all are connected with stay cord 22, two leading wheels 17 are walked around respectively to two stay cords 22, two stay cord 22 ends all are connected.
The seat plate is characterized by further comprising handrails 24 and second connecting blocks 25, the second connecting blocks 25 are connected to the left portion and the right portion above the front side and the rear side of the seat plate 8, the handrails 24 are connected between the tops of the second connecting blocks 25 on the left side and the right side, and grooves 251 are formed in the handrails 24.
Still including button head pole 26, guide bar 27, electric putter 29, second connecting rod 30 and rubber ball 31, all be connected with button head pole 26 between the inboard upper portion of first connecting rod 20 of front and back both sides, be connected with guide bar 27 between two button head pole 26 other ends, it has aperture 28 to open at guide bar 27 middle part, be equipped with electric putter 29 between the first connecting rod 20 of front and back both sides, electric putter 29 passes aperture 28, be connected with second connecting rod 30 on electric putter 29's the telescopic link, second connecting rod 30 bottom evenly is connected with three rubber ball 31, three rubber ball 31 all is located first connecting rod 20.
Still including magnetic path 32 and apron 34, it has inner chamber 33 to open on the seat 8, and seat 8 front side right part rotary type is connected with apron 34, and seat 8 front side right part and apron 34 rear side right part all are connected with magnetic path 32, and two magnetic paths 32 cooperate.
When the disease needs to sit and lie, the staff at first supports the disease on seat 8 in an effort, make the back of disease lean on backup plate 9, the staff rotates screw rod 13 after that, make screw rod 13 remove left or right, screw rod 13 drives backup plate 9 and rotates, thereby the inclination of backup plate 9 has been adjusted, make the patient can sit more comfortable of lying, the staff can promote two according to the sunshine position afterwards and push away and remove 7 and remove, two push away 7 and remove about driving seat 8 through two first connecting pieces 5, the disease on seat 8 also can be removed simultaneously, when the disease can bathe sunshine, the staff stops to promote two and pushes away 7 can, from this realized that the disease can fully enjoy sunshine, it is more comfortable to sit and lie.
Because the chair also comprises a fixed rod 15, a top plate 16, guide wheels 17, a second guide rail 18, a second sliding sleeve 19, a first connecting rod 20, a pedal 21, a pull rope 22 and a pull ring 23, the fixed rod 15 is connected with the upper part of the right side of the mounting block 1 on the right side, the top end of the fixed rod 15 is connected with the top plate 16, the guide wheels 17 are connected with the left side of the bottom of the top plate 16 and the upper part of the right side of the fixed rod 15, the second guide rail 18 is arranged on the upper part of the left side of the fixed rod 15, the second sliding sleeve 19 is slidably connected with the second sliding sleeve 19, the front side and the rear side of the second sliding sleeve 19 are both connected with the first connecting rods 20, the pedal 21 is connected between the lower parts of the inner sides of the two first connecting rods 20, the pull ropes 22 are connected with the left side and the right side of the second, the staff can stimulate left pull ring 23 downwards, left pull ring 23 drives second sliding sleeve 19 and removes left through left stay cord 22, second sliding sleeve 19 drives two footboard 21 and removes left through two first links 20 simultaneously, if the leg overlength of disease, the staff can stimulate right pull ring 23 downwards, pull ring 23 on right side drives second sliding sleeve 19 and removes right through stay cord 22 on right side, second sliding sleeve 19 drives two footboard 21 and removes right through two first links 20 simultaneously, the adjustment of position about two footboard 21 has been realized from this, make the both feet of disease can be put smoothly on two footboard 21.
Because still including handrail 24 and second connecting block 25, both sides are all connected with second connecting block 25 about the preceding back both sides top of seat 8, are connected with handrail 24 between the second connecting block 25 top of both sides about, open on handrail 24 and have recess 251, so if the skeleton of disease hand is injured, the patient can place both hands on two handrails 24, improves the comfort level of disease hand from this.
Because the utility model also comprises a round head rod 26, a guide rod 27, an electric push rod 29, a second connecting rod 30 and rubber balls 31, the round head rod 26 is connected between the upper parts of the inner sides of the first connecting rods 20 at the front and back sides, the guide rod 27 is connected between the other ends of the two round head rods 26, the small hole 28 is opened in the middle of the guide rod 27, the electric push rod 29 is arranged between the first connecting rods 20 at the front and back sides, the electric push rod 29 passes through the small hole 28, the second connecting rod 30 is connected on the telescopic rod of the electric push rod 29, the three rubber balls 31 are evenly connected at the bottom of the second connecting rod 30, and the three rubber balls 31 are all positioned in the first connecting rod 20, if the feet of the patient feel itchy due to the scar on the feet of the patient, the worker can start the electric push rod 29 to control the electric push rod 29 to move up and down, at the moment, the electric, relieving itching of the patient's foot.
Because still including magnetic path 32 and apron 34, it has inner chamber 33 to open on the seat 8, seat 8 front side right part rotary type is connected with apron 34, seat 8 front side right part and apron 34 rear side right part all are connected with magnetic path 32, two magnetic path 32 cooperations, so the disease is before sitting and lying, can rotate apron 34, make two magnetic path 32 no longer contact, then place article such as drinking cup in inner chamber 33, the disease rotates apron 34 once more, make two magnetic path 32 cooperate once more, apron 34 blocks inner chamber 33, when the disease needs to take out article such as drinking cup, as long as rotate apron 34 once more and take out article can, from this realized that the disease is to depositing and taking out of article.
The above description is only for the specific embodiments of the present invention, but the scope of the present invention is not limited thereto, and any person skilled in the art can easily conceive of the changes or substitutions within the technical scope of the present invention, and all the changes or substitutions should be covered within the scope of the present invention. Therefore, the protection scope of the present invention shall be subject to the protection scope of the claims.

Claims (1)

1. A medical instrument convenient for sitting and lying of orthopedic patients is characterized by comprising mounting blocks (1), first guide rails (2), first sliding sleeves (3), arc-shaped rods (4), first connecting blocks (5), chair legs (6), pushing handles (7), seat plates (8), backup plates (9), L-shaped rods (10), springs (12), screw rods (13) and contact balls (14), wherein the left side and the right side of a ward windowsill are respectively connected with the mounting blocks (1), the first guide rails (2) are connected between the middle parts of the inner sides of the two mounting blocks (1), the first guide rails (2) are slidably connected with the two first sliding sleeves (3), the arc-shaped rods (4) are respectively connected between the tops of the front side and the rear side of the two first sliding sleeves (3), the middle parts of the outer sides of the two arc-shaped rods (4) are respectively connected with the first connecting blocks (5), the tops of the two first sliding sleeves (3) are respectively connected with the two chair legs (6, the upper parts of the outer sides of the two first connecting blocks (5) are respectively connected with a pushing handle (7), the top ends of the chair legs (6) are connected with a seat plate (8), the first connecting blocks (5) on the front side are connected with the bottom of the front side of the seat plate (8), the first connecting blocks (5) on the rear side are connected with the bottom of the rear side of the seat plate (8), the left side of the top of the seat plate (8) is rotatably connected with a backup plate (9), the lower part of the left side of the seat plate (8) is connected with an L-shaped rod (10), the upper part of the left side of the L-shaped rod (10) is provided with a threaded hole (11), the threaded hole (11) is internally connected with a screw rod (13) in a threaded connection mode, a spring (12) is connected between the middle of the left end of the screw rod (13) and the top end of the L-shaped rod (; the device is characterized by further comprising a fixed rod (15), a top plate (16), a guide wheel (17), a second guide rail (18), a second sliding sleeve (19), first connecting rods (20), a pedal (21), a pull rope (22) and a pull ring (23), wherein the fixed rod (15) is connected to the upper portion of the right side of the mounting block (1) on the right side, the top end of the fixed rod (15) is connected with the top plate (16), the guide wheel (17) is connected to the left side of the bottom of the top plate (16) and the upper portion of the right side of the fixed rod (15), the second guide rail (18) is arranged on the upper portion of the left side of the fixed rod (15), the second sliding sleeve (19) is slidably connected to the second guide rail (18), the first connecting rods (20) are connected to the front side and the rear side of the second sliding sleeve (19), the pedal (21) is connected between the lower portions of the, the tail ends of the two pull ropes (22) are connected with pull rings (23); the seat plate is characterized by further comprising handrails (24) and second connecting blocks (25), the second connecting blocks (25) are connected to the left portion and the right portion above the front side and the rear side of the seat plate (8), the handrails (24) are connected between the tops of the second connecting blocks (25) on the left side and the right side, and grooves (251) are formed in the handrails (24); the rubber ball sealing device is characterized by further comprising round-head rods (26), guide rods (27), electric push rods (29), second connecting rods (30) and rubber balls (31), the round-head rods (26) are connected between the upper portions of the inner sides of the first connecting rods (20) on the front side and the rear side, the guide rods (27) are connected between the other ends of the two round-head rods (26), small holes (28) are formed in the middle of the guide rods (27), the electric push rods (29) are arranged between the first connecting rods (20) on the front side and the rear side, the electric push rods (29) penetrate through the small holes (28), the second connecting rods (30) are connected onto telescopic rods of the electric push rods (29), the three rubber balls (31) are uniformly connected to the bottoms of the second connecting rods (30), and; the seat is characterized by further comprising magnetic blocks (32) and a cover plate (34), an inner cavity (33) is formed in the seat plate (8), the cover plate (34) is rotatably connected to the right portion of the front side of the seat plate (8), the magnetic blocks (32) are connected to the right portion of the front side of the seat plate (8) and the right portion of the rear side of the cover plate (34), and the two magnetic blocks (32) are matched.
CN201810508739.1A 2018-05-24 2018-05-24 Medical instrument convenient for orthopedics patient to sit and lie Active CN108938226B (en)

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