CN107355234B - Seepage-proofing corrosion-proofing durable confluence regulation type deep tunnel - Google Patents

Seepage-proofing corrosion-proofing durable confluence regulation type deep tunnel Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107355234B
CN107355234B CN201710809261.1A CN201710809261A CN107355234B CN 107355234 B CN107355234 B CN 107355234B CN 201710809261 A CN201710809261 A CN 201710809261A CN 107355234 B CN107355234 B CN 107355234B
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waterproof
cabin
sewage
anticorrosive layer
outside
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CN107355234A (en
Inventor
汪青杰
王逊
张延年
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Zhang Yannian
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Shenyang Jianzhu University
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E21EARTH DRILLING; MINING
    • E21DSHAFTS; TUNNELS; GALLERIES; LARGE UNDERGROUND CHAMBERS
    • E21D9/00Tunnels or galleries, with or without linings; Methods or apparatus for making thereof; Layout of tunnels or galleries
    • E21D9/14Layout of tunnels or galleries; Constructional features of tunnels or galleries, not otherwise provided for, e.g. portals, day-light attenuation at tunnel openings
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E21EARTH DRILLING; MINING
    • E21DSHAFTS; TUNNELS; GALLERIES; LARGE UNDERGROUND CHAMBERS
    • E21D11/00Lining tunnels, galleries or other underground cavities, e.g. large underground chambers; Linings therefor; Making such linings in situ, e.g. by assembling
    • E21D11/04Lining with building materials
    • E21D11/08Lining with building materials with preformed concrete slabs
    • E21D11/083Methods or devices for joining adjacent concrete segments
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E21EARTH DRILLING; MINING
    • E21DSHAFTS; TUNNELS; GALLERIES; LARGE UNDERGROUND CHAMBERS
    • E21D11/00Lining tunnels, galleries or other underground cavities, e.g. large underground chambers; Linings therefor; Making such linings in situ, e.g. by assembling
    • E21D11/04Lining with building materials
    • E21D11/10Lining with building materials with concrete cast in situ; Shuttering also lost shutterings, e.g. made of blocks, of metal plates or other equipment adapted therefor
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E21EARTH DRILLING; MINING
    • E21DSHAFTS; TUNNELS; GALLERIES; LARGE UNDERGROUND CHAMBERS
    • E21D11/00Lining tunnels, galleries or other underground cavities, e.g. large underground chambers; Linings therefor; Making such linings in situ, e.g. by assembling
    • E21D11/38Waterproofing; Heat insulating; Soundproofing; Electric insulating
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E21EARTH DRILLING; MINING
    • E21DSHAFTS; TUNNELS; GALLERIES; LARGE UNDERGROUND CHAMBERS
    • E21D11/00Lining tunnels, galleries or other underground cavities, e.g. large underground chambers; Linings therefor; Making such linings in situ, e.g. by assembling
    • E21D11/38Waterproofing; Heat insulating; Soundproofing; Electric insulating
    • E21D11/383Waterproofing; Heat insulating; Soundproofing; Electric insulating by applying waterproof flexible sheets; Means for fixing the sheets to the tunnel or cavity wall
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E21EARTH DRILLING; MINING
    • E21DSHAFTS; TUNNELS; GALLERIES; LARGE UNDERGROUND CHAMBERS
    • E21D11/00Lining tunnels, galleries or other underground cavities, e.g. large underground chambers; Linings therefor; Making such linings in situ, e.g. by assembling
    • E21D11/38Waterproofing; Heat insulating; Soundproofing; Electric insulating
    • E21D11/385Sealing means positioned between adjacent lining members

Abstract

The invention relates to a deep tunnel technology, in particular to an anti-seepage, anti-corrosion and durable confluence regulation type deep tunnel. The outmost layer of the tank body of the sewage tank is provided with a first waterproof and anticorrosive layer outside the sewage tank, and the inner side of the first waterproof and anticorrosive layer outside the sewage tank is provided with a second waterproof and anticorrosive layer outside the sewage tank, and ethylene propylene diene monomer rubber waterproof coiled materials are preferentially adopted; epoxy resin is sprayed outside the duct piece to form a third waterproof and anticorrosive layer of the sewage cabin; the impervious grade of the concrete is more than or equal to P12, and a fourth waterproof and anticorrosive layer of the sewage cabin is formed; epoxy resin is sprayed in the cabin body to form a fifth waterproof and anticorrosive layer; the sixth waterproof and anticorrosive layer of the sewage cabin is arranged on the innermost layer of the sewage cabin. The invention has the advantages that the sewage cabin and the rainwater cabin can be adopted to directly store and transport sewage and rainwater, so that the laying of small sewage pipelines is avoided, the cost is reduced, and the deep tunnel is fully utilized. In addition, the invention has excellent waterproof, impervious, corrosion resistant and wear resistant performances, can be used for more than 100 years, and is really energy-saving and environment-friendly.

Description

Seepage-proofing corrosion-proofing durable confluence regulation type deep tunnel
Technical Field
The invention relates to a deep tunnel technology, in particular to an anti-seepage, anti-corrosion and durable confluence regulation type deep tunnel.
Background
The deep storage-regulating tunnel is a large-sized and ultra-large drainage tunnel buried in a deep underground space (generally, a depth space below the ground of more than 20 m). In general, in areas with easy occurrence of waterlogging, dense population, complex underground pipelines and higher transformation difficulty of the existing drainage system, deep regulation tunnels can be arranged. The large deep regulation tunnel is adopted to assist source runoff control, so that the construction requirement of 'sponge city' is fulfilled, the water control strategy according to water control and local control is embodied, and the method is a common method for improving drainage and waterlogging prevention standards in the built area abroad.
Adopting deep tunneling engineering to treat sewage to avoid road surface excavation, so as to minimize damage to traffic and environment; avoiding conflicts with existing underground utilities or infrastructure; because the building pile foundation is avoided, the straight line design can be adopted, and the influence of the existing road network is avoided.
In order to effectively reduce urban waterlogging and water pollution of Chicago and protect water environments such as Mitsugan lake and the like, the Chicago implements confluence regulation type deep tunnel system engineering, and a tunnel with the length of 176km, the diameter of 2.5-10 m and the burial depth of 45-106 m is constructed. Confluence regulation deep tunnel system engineering is also successively carried out by mexico, paris, london thames, and the like.
However, sewage tanks and the like cannot directly contain sewage by adopting a tank body, and small sewage pipelines are paved, so that the cost is high, and the whole sewage tank cannot be fully utilized.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to solve the problems that sewage tanks and the like cannot be directly loaded with sewage by adopting the tank body, and the like, avoid laying small sewage pipelines, reduce cost, and fully utilize deep tunnels by adopting the whole sewage tanks for sewage storage and transportation and the like.
In order to achieve the above purpose, the technical scheme adopted by the invention is as follows:
the seepage-proofing corrosion-proofing durability confluence regulation type deep tunnel comprises a sewage cabin (1), a rainwater cabin (2), a cabin body (3), a middle bearing partition wall (4), a first waterproof corrosion-proofing layer (5) outside the sewage cabin, a second waterproof corrosion-proofing layer (6) outside the sewage cabin, a sixth waterproof corrosion-proofing layer (7) outside the sewage cabin, a first waterproof corrosion-proofing layer (8) outside the rainwater cabin, a second waterproof corrosion-proofing layer (9) outside the rainwater cabin, a sixth waterproof layer (10) outside the rainwater cabin and an overhaul lane (11); the cabin body (3) is in a double-circle lap joint shape, each circle is an independent cabin, one of the circles is a sewage cabin (1), the other circle is a rainwater cabin (2), and overhaul lanes (13) are paved at the bottoms of the sewage cabin (1) and the rainwater cabin (2); the outmost layer of the cabin body (3) of the sewage cabin (1) is provided with a first waterproof and anticorrosive layer (5) outside the sewage cabin, the first waterproof and anticorrosive layer (5) outside the sewage cabin is an integrally-wrapped waterproof layer, the gap between a lining segment and surrounding rock is filled by synchronous grouting and secondary grouting in the shield pushing process, the concrete proportion of the synchronous grouting slurry is 12-20 of cement, 50-60 of fine sand, 15-25 of fly ash, 1-2.5 of bentonite, 1-2 of micro-expanding agent, the water cement ratio is 0.7-0.9, the consistency is 7.5-9.0 cm, and the specific gravity is 1.7-1.8 g/cm 3 The gel time is 1-5 minutes, and the synchronous grouting pressure is 0.2-0.5 mpa; two (II)The secondary grouting material adopts double-liquid slurry, namely cement and water glass slurry, wherein the cement slurry water-cement ratio is 1:1.5, the cement slurry and water glass ratio is 1:1, the gel time is 0.5-1 min, and the grouting pressure is 0.3-0.5 MPa; the inner side of the first waterproof and anticorrosive layer (5) outside the sewage cabin is provided with a second waterproof and anticorrosive layer (6) outside the sewage cabin, the second waterproof and anticorrosive layer (6) outside the sewage cabin is an integral outsourcing waterproof layer, the second waterproof and anticorrosive layer (6) outside the sewage cabin is a flexible waterproof coiled material, and the flexible waterproof coiled material is preferentially made of Ethylene Propylene Diene Monomer (EPDM) waterproof coiled material and is preferentially bonded with the cabin body (3); the cabin body (3) adopts industrialized production, is assembled and constructed on site, and is sprayed with epoxy resin outside the duct piece to form a third waterproof and anticorrosive layer of the sewage cabin (1); the concrete impervious grade adopted by the cabin body (3) is more than or equal to P12, a fourth waterproof and anticorrosive layer of the sewage cabin (1) is formed, and the lining joint is formed by a water bar and an elastic rubber sealing gasket into a double waterproof layer. A sealing gasket groove is arranged on the outer side between the duct pieces, an ethylene propylene diene monomer rubber sealing gasket is stuck in the sealing gasket groove, and the sealing gasket is compressed and compacted to prevent water; epoxy resin is sprayed in the cabin body (3) to form a fifth waterproof and anticorrosive layer of the sewage cabin (1); the sixth waterproof and anticorrosive layer (7) of the sewage cabin is arranged on the innermost layer of the sewage cabin (1), and the sixth waterproof and anticorrosive layer (7) of the sewage cabin is sprayed with polyurea waterproof paint with the thickness of 5-10 mm; the waterproof of the rainwater cabin (2) is the same as that of the sewage cabin (1), and the difference is that the waterproof requirement can be properly reduced, namely, the third waterproof and anticorrosive layer and the fifth waterproof and anticorrosive layer of the rainwater cabin (2) can be omitted, the sixth waterproof layer (10) of the rainwater cabin is sprayed with polyurea waterproof paint preferentially, and the thickness is 4-6 mm.
The invention has the beneficial effects that:
the invention has the advantages that the sewage cabin and the rainwater cabin can be adopted to directly store and transport sewage and rainwater, so that the laying of small sewage pipelines is avoided, the cost is reduced, the whole sewage cabin is adopted to store and transport sewage and the like, and the deep tunnel is fully utilized. In addition, the invention has excellent waterproof, impervious, corrosion resistant and wear resistant performances, can be used for more than 100 years, and realizes true energy conservation and environmental protection.
Drawings
The seepage-proofing corrosion-proofing durable confluence regulation type deep tunnel is further described below with reference to the accompanying drawings.
FIG. 1 is a schematic diagram of a cross section of a seepage-proofing corrosion-proofing durable confluence regulation type deep tunnel.
In the figure: 1 is a sewage cabin; 2 is a rainwater cabin; 3 is a cabin; 4 is a middle bearing partition wall; 5 is a first waterproof and anticorrosive layer outside the sewage cabin; 6 is a second waterproof and anticorrosive layer outside the sewage cabin; 7 is a sixth waterproof and anticorrosive layer of the sewage cabin; 8 is a first waterproof and anticorrosive layer outside the rainwater cabin; 9 is a second waterproof and anticorrosive layer outside the rainwater cabin; 10 is a sixth waterproof layer of the rainwater cabin; 11 is an inspection lane.
Detailed Description
The present invention will be described in detail below with reference to the drawings and examples for further illustration of the invention, but they should not be construed as limiting the scope of the invention.
Examples
As shown in fig. 1, the seepage-proofing, corrosion-proofing and durability confluence regulation type deep tunnel comprises a sewage cabin 1, a rainwater cabin 2, a cabin body 3, a middle bearing partition wall 4, a first waterproof and corrosion-proofing layer 5 outside the sewage cabin, a second waterproof and corrosion-proofing layer 6 outside the sewage cabin, a sixth waterproof and corrosion-proofing layer 7 outside the sewage cabin, a first waterproof and corrosion-proofing layer 8 outside the rainwater cabin, a second waterproof and corrosion-proofing layer 9 outside the rainwater cabin, a sixth waterproof layer 10 of the rainwater cabin and an overhaul lane 11.
The cabin body 3 is in a double-circle lap joint shape, each circle is an independent cabin, one of the two cabins is a sewage cabin 1, the other cabin is a rainwater cabin 2, and overhaul lanes 13 are paved at the bottoms of the sewage cabin 1 and the rainwater cabin 2; the outmost layer of the tank body 3 of the sewage tank 1 is provided with a first waterproof and anticorrosive layer 5 outside the sewage tank, the first waterproof and anticorrosive layer 5 outside the sewage tank is an integrally-wrapped waterproof layer, the gap between a lining segment and surrounding rock is filled by synchronous grouting and secondary grouting in the shield pushing process, the concrete proportion of the synchronous grouting slurry is 12-20 cement, 50-60 fine sand, 15-25 fly ash, 1-2.5 bentonite, 1-2 micro-swelling agent, the water-cement ratio is 0.7-0.9, the consistency is 7.5-9.0 cm, and the specific gravity is 1.7-1.8 g/cm 3 The gel time is 1-5 minutes, and the synchronous grouting pressure is 0.2-0.5 mpa; the secondary grouting material adopts double-liquid slurry, namely waterCement and water glass slurry, cement paste water cement ratio 1:1.5, cement paste and water glass ratio 1:1, gel time 0.5-1 min, grouting pressure 0.3-0.5 MPa; the inner side of the first waterproof and anticorrosive layer 5 outside the sewage cabin is provided with a second waterproof and anticorrosive layer 6 outside the sewage cabin, the second waterproof and anticorrosive layer 6 outside the sewage cabin is an integrally-wrapped waterproof layer, the second waterproof and anticorrosive layer 6 outside the sewage cabin is a flexible waterproof coiled material, and the flexible waterproof coiled material is preferentially made of Ethylene Propylene Diene Monomer (EPDM) waterproof coiled material and is preferentially bonded with the cabin body 3; the cabin body 3 adopts industrialized production, is assembled and constructed on site, and is sprayed with epoxy resin outside the duct piece to form a third waterproof and anticorrosive layer of the sewage cabin 1; the impervious grade of the concrete adopted by the cabin body 3 is more than or equal to P12, a fourth waterproof and anticorrosive layer of the sewage cabin 1 is formed, and the lining joint is formed by a water bar and an elastic rubber sealing gasket into double waterproof layers. A sealing gasket groove is arranged on the outer side between the duct pieces, an ethylene propylene diene monomer rubber sealing gasket is stuck in the sealing gasket groove, and the sealing gasket is compressed and compacted to prevent water; epoxy resin is sprayed in the cabin body 3 to form a fifth waterproof and anticorrosive layer of the sewage cabin 1; the innermost layer of the sewage cabin 1 is provided with a sixth waterproof and anticorrosive layer 7 of the sewage cabin, and the sixth waterproof and anticorrosive layer 7 of the sewage cabin is sprayed with polyurea waterproof paint with the thickness of 5-10 mm; the waterproof of the rainwater cabin 2 is the same as that of the sewage cabin 1, and the difference is that the waterproof requirement can be properly reduced, namely the third waterproof and anticorrosive layer and the fifth waterproof and anticorrosive layer of the rainwater cabin 2 can be omitted, and the sixth waterproof layer 10 of the rainwater cabin is preferably sprayed with polyurea waterproof paint, and the thickness is 4-6 mm.
The foregoing is merely a preferred embodiment of the present invention and it should be noted that modifications and adaptations to those skilled in the art may be made without departing from the principles of the present invention, which are intended to be comprehended within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (1)

1. The utility model provides a prevention of seepage anticorrosive durability confluence regulation formula deep tunnel which characterized in that: the rain water cabin comprises a sewage cabin (1), a rain water cabin (2), a cabin body (3), a middle bearing partition wall (4), a first waterproof and anticorrosive layer (5) outside the sewage cabin, a second waterproof and anticorrosive layer (6) outside the sewage cabin, a sixth waterproof and anticorrosive layer (7) outside the sewage cabin, a first waterproof and anticorrosive layer (8) outside the rain water cabin, a second waterproof and anticorrosive layer (9) outside the rain water cabin, a sixth waterproof layer (10) of the rain water cabin and an overhaul lane (11); the cabin body (3) is in a double-circle lap joint shape, each circle is an independent cabin, one of the circles is a sewage cabin (1), the other circle is a rainwater cabin (2), and overhaul lanes (13) are paved at the bottoms of the sewage cabin (1) and the rainwater cabin (2); the outmost layer of the cabin body (3) of the sewage cabin (1) is provided with a first waterproof and anticorrosive layer (5) outside the sewage cabin, the first waterproof and anticorrosive layer (5) outside the sewage cabin is an integrally-wrapped waterproof layer, the gap between a lining segment and surrounding rock is filled by synchronous grouting and secondary grouting in the shield pushing process, the concrete proportion of the synchronous grouting slurry is 12-20 of cement, 50-60 of fine sand, 15-25 of fly ash, 1-2.5 of bentonite, 1-2 of micro-expanding agent, the water cement ratio is 0.7-0.9, the consistency is 7.5-9.0 cm, the specific gravity is 1.7-1.8 g/cm < 3 >, the gel time is 1-5 minutes, and the synchronous grouting pressure is 0.2-0.5 mpa; the secondary grouting material adopts double-liquid slurry, namely cement and water glass slurry, wherein the cement slurry water-cement ratio is 1:1.5, the cement slurry and water glass ratio is 1:1, the gel time is 0.5-1 min, and the grouting pressure is 0.3-0.5 MPa; the inner side of the first waterproof and anticorrosive layer (5) outside the sewage cabin is provided with a second waterproof and anticorrosive layer (6) outside the sewage cabin, the second waterproof and anticorrosive layer (6) outside the sewage cabin is an integral outsourcing waterproof layer, the second waterproof and anticorrosive layer (6) outside the sewage cabin is a flexible waterproof coiled material, and the flexible waterproof coiled material adopts an Ethylene Propylene Diene Monomer (EPDM) waterproof coiled material and is bonded with the cabin body (3); the cabin body (3) adopts industrialized production, is assembled and constructed on site, and is sprayed with epoxy resin outside the duct piece to form a third waterproof and anticorrosive layer of the sewage cabin (1); the concrete impervious grade adopted by the cabin body (3) is more than or equal to P12, a fourth waterproof and anticorrosive layer of the sewage cabin (1) is formed, and the lining joint is formed by a water bar and an elastic rubber sealing gasket into a double waterproof; a sealing gasket groove is arranged on the outer side between the duct pieces, an ethylene propylene diene monomer rubber sealing gasket is stuck in the sealing gasket groove, and the sealing gasket is compressed and compacted to prevent water; epoxy resin is sprayed in the cabin body (3) to form a fifth waterproof and anticorrosive layer of the sewage cabin (1); the sewage cabin (1) is provided with a sixth waterproof and anticorrosive layer (7) at the innermost layer, and the sixth waterproof and anticorrosive layer (7) of the sewage cabin adopts spray-coating polyurea waterproof paint with the thickness of 5-10 mm; the waterproof of the rainwater cabin (2) is the same as that of the sewage cabin (1), and the difference is that the waterproof requirement can be properly reduced, namely, the third waterproof and anticorrosive layer and the fifth waterproof and anticorrosive layer of the rainwater cabin (2) are not required to be arranged, and the sixth waterproof layer (10) of the rainwater cabin adopts spray polyurea waterproof paint, and the thickness is 4-6 mm.
CN201710809261.1A 2017-09-10 2017-09-10 Seepage-proofing corrosion-proofing durable confluence regulation type deep tunnel Active CN107355234B (en)

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CN108222964A (en) * 2018-01-25 2018-06-29 中铁第六勘察设计院集团有限公司 A kind of shield tunnel concrete pipe sheet seam anticorrosion structure
CN109236300B (en) * 2018-07-30 2020-05-05 中煤科工集团西安研究院有限公司 Electromigration method for preventing mine concrete well bore from being damaged by ion erosion
CN109280464A (en) * 2018-10-09 2019-01-29 于乐庆 A kind of underwater special-purpose water-proof anticorrosive paint and its production method, construction technology

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JPH0972197A (en) * 1995-09-07 1997-03-18 Shimizu Corp Shield tunnel lining method and shield tunnel lining construction
CN101285389A (en) * 2008-05-29 2008-10-15 中交第二公路勘察设计研究院有限公司 Submarine tunnel composite lining interlaminar water seepage longitudinal cross flow-proof construction method
JP2010024667A (en) * 2008-07-17 2010-02-04 Kfc Ltd Tunnel waterproof structure and construction method for the same
CN104695631A (en) * 2015-02-17 2015-06-10 中交一航局第四工程有限公司 Construction method for spraying polyurea waterproof coating on roof
CN106677794A (en) * 2017-01-13 2017-05-17 沈阳建筑大学 Confluence regulation and storage type deep arched tunnel constructed in underground-cut mode and construction method thereof
CN106837349A (en) * 2017-01-13 2017-06-13 沈阳建筑大学 It is double circle overlap joint shape shield machine construction interflow regulate and store moldeed depth layer tunnel
CN106837350A (en) * 2017-01-13 2017-06-13 沈阳建筑大学 The interflow of class rectangle shield machine construction regulate and store moldeed depth layer tunnel
CN106869940A (en) * 2017-01-13 2017-06-20 沈阳建筑大学 Shockproof damping type collaborates moldeed depth layer tunnel of regulating and storing

Patent Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH0972197A (en) * 1995-09-07 1997-03-18 Shimizu Corp Shield tunnel lining method and shield tunnel lining construction
CN101285389A (en) * 2008-05-29 2008-10-15 中交第二公路勘察设计研究院有限公司 Submarine tunnel composite lining interlaminar water seepage longitudinal cross flow-proof construction method
JP2010024667A (en) * 2008-07-17 2010-02-04 Kfc Ltd Tunnel waterproof structure and construction method for the same
CN104695631A (en) * 2015-02-17 2015-06-10 中交一航局第四工程有限公司 Construction method for spraying polyurea waterproof coating on roof
CN106677794A (en) * 2017-01-13 2017-05-17 沈阳建筑大学 Confluence regulation and storage type deep arched tunnel constructed in underground-cut mode and construction method thereof
CN106837349A (en) * 2017-01-13 2017-06-13 沈阳建筑大学 It is double circle overlap joint shape shield machine construction interflow regulate and store moldeed depth layer tunnel
CN106837350A (en) * 2017-01-13 2017-06-13 沈阳建筑大学 The interflow of class rectangle shield machine construction regulate and store moldeed depth layer tunnel
CN106869940A (en) * 2017-01-13 2017-06-20 沈阳建筑大学 Shockproof damping type collaborates moldeed depth layer tunnel of regulating and storing

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