CN107283151A - Riveting device - Google Patents

Riveting device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107283151A
CN107283151A CN201710574328.8A CN201710574328A CN107283151A CN 107283151 A CN107283151 A CN 107283151A CN 201710574328 A CN201710574328 A CN 201710574328A CN 107283151 A CN107283151 A CN 107283151A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
riveting
plate
die
thimble
hole
Prior art date
Application number
CN201710574328.8A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
何盼
陈东锁
陈生凤
罗峰
李海
Original Assignee
珠海凯邦电机制造有限公司
珠海格力电器股份有限公司
重庆凯邦电机有限公司
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 珠海凯邦电机制造有限公司, 珠海格力电器股份有限公司, 重庆凯邦电机有限公司 filed Critical 珠海凯邦电机制造有限公司
Priority to CN201710574328.8A priority Critical patent/CN107283151A/en
Publication of CN107283151A publication Critical patent/CN107283151A/en

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23PMETAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; COMBINED OPERATIONS; UNIVERSAL MACHINE TOOLS
    • B23P19/00Machines for simply fitting together or separating metal parts or objects, or metal and non-metal parts, whether or not involving some deformation; Tools or devices therefor so far as not provided for in other classes
    • B23P19/001Article feeders for assembling machines
    • B23P19/006Holding or positioning the article in front of the applying tool
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23PMETAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; COMBINED OPERATIONS; UNIVERSAL MACHINE TOOLS
    • B23P19/00Machines for simply fitting together or separating metal parts or objects, or metal and non-metal parts, whether or not involving some deformation; Tools or devices therefor so far as not provided for in other classes
    • B23P19/02Machines for simply fitting together or separating metal parts or objects, or metal and non-metal parts, whether or not involving some deformation; Tools or devices therefor so far as not provided for in other classes for connecting objects by press fit or for detaching same

Abstract

The invention provides a kind of riveting device.The riveting device includes:Upper die mechanism, upper die mechanism includes the first positioning component and upper thimble, and upper thimble is fixedly installed on the bottom of the first positioning component;Lower die mechanism; lower die mechanism includes the second positioning component and lower thimble; it is provided with second positioning component along the riveting hole of the short transverse extension of riveting device, riveting hole position is in the underface of upper thimble to lower thimble is arranged in riveting hole and the bearing of trend along riveting hole is movably disposed.For by the way of drive end bearing bracket and rear end cap in the prior art using structures such as screw, stopper rings to fix motor, the action of the closing lid process of motor in the present invention is simple, the labor intensity of workman is low, installation process is simple, it is not in the phenomenon that screw, stopper ring etc. drop, efficiency high, production cost is low.

Description

Riveting device
Technical field
The present invention relates to riveting technology field, in particular to a kind of riveting device.
Background technology
Existing iron-shell motor carries out the closing lid work of motor using bolt, nut, stop washer etc..Specifically, iron-clad Two parts above and below motor point, point upper end cover and bottom end cover carry out upper end cover and bottom end cover closing lid after motor internal is completed During action, beat screw post with Special purpose locating pin carry out above and below end cap screw hole location centering, after four hole positions are aligned carry out Play screw action.When playing screw, because screw, stop washer are smaller, employee need to put stop pad well on finger in order with left hand Circle and screw, then withstand on bolt, the right hand is fastened using pneumatic screwdriver, when fastening uses spanner fixing nut to a certain extent Fasten again.
There is following defect in above-mentioned closing lid operation:
(1) complexity is acted, labor intensity is big;
(2) use and manually play screw, hand-held pneumatic screwdriver easy fatigue of long duration;
(3) end cap first need to carry out screw hole alignment using alignment pins up and down;
(4) bolt, nut and stop washer are smaller, install more difficult operation, easily slide;
(5) bolt fasten when sometimes with finger friction, cause employee's skin damage;
(6) need to be fastened again using spanner after the completion of first fastening;
(7) end cover clearance is larger above and below the motor of part need to carry out carrying compression ability fastening bolt;
(8) motor posture, convenient operation need to be adjusted when playing next screw, but is lost time;
(9) there are certain technical requirements to operating personnel;
(10) existing two people play screw, used time 10s, waste of resource simultaneously;
(11) it is easily broken off, need to often changes during pneumatic screwdriver head fastening bolt.
The content of the invention
It is a primary object of the present invention to provide a kind of riveting device, to solve iron-shell motor closing lid mistake of the prior art Journey action is complicated, the problem of labor intensity is big.
To achieve these goals, the invention provides a kind of riveting device, including:Upper die mechanism, upper die mechanism includes First positioning component and upper thimble, upper thimble are fixedly installed on the bottom of the first positioning component;Lower die mechanism, lower die mechanism includes It is provided with second positioning component and lower thimble, the second positioning component along the riveting hole of the short transverse extension of riveting device, riveting Press hole position in the underface of upper thimble to lower thimble is arranged in riveting hole and movably set along the bearing of trend in riveting hole Put.
Further, upper die mechanism also includes the first disengaging group for being used to by the structure of riveting from upper thimble to be departed from Part.
Further, the first disengaging component includes:Upper de- plate, upper de- plate is located at the bottom of the first positioning component, upper de- plate On be provided with the first through hole passed through for upper thimble;At least one first flexible member, the two ends of the first flexible member are supported respectively It is connected on the first positioning component and upper de- plate.
Further, the first positioning component includes:The upper bolster that sets gradually from high to low, upper backboard, upper padding plate and Train wheel bridge, upper bolster, upper backboard, upper padding plate and train wheel bridge are fixedly installed and are integrated, and are provided through on the first positioning component The positioning hole of upper padding plate and train wheel bridge, the upper end of the first flexible member is located in positioning hole, and upper thimble is fixedly mounted on folder On plate.
Further, upper die mechanism also includes at least one guide pillar, and guide pillar is fixed on the first positioning component and passed through upper Pilot hole corresponding with guide pillar is provided with de- plate, the second positioning component.
Further, lower die mechanism also includes being used for the second disengaging component that will be lifted off riveting hole by the structure of riveting.
Further, the second disengaging component includes:The push rod positioned at lower thimble bottom is provided with top plate, top plate;At least One the second flexible member, the two ends of the second flexible member are connected on top plate and the second positioning component respectively.
Further, the second positioning component includes:The die shoe that sets gradually from low to high, bottom plate, lower bolster and under Template, die shoe, bottom plate, lower bolster and lower template, which are fixedly installed, to be integrated, and second, which departs from component, is arranged in bottom plate, riveting Hole is arranged in lower template.
Further, the inside of bottom plate sets the second mounting hole, and mounting of roof plate is in the second mounting hole, and push rod passes through underlay Plate is supported in the bottom of lower thimble;Alignment pin is provided with die shoe, alignment pin is extended in the second mounting hole, the second elasticity member Part is set on alignment pin, and the two ends of the second flexible member are connected on die shoe and top plate respectively.
Further, positioning sleeve is provided with riveting hole, lower thimble is arranged in positioning sleeve.
Further, lower die mechanism also includes limited post, and limited post is higher by the upper surface predetermined altitude of the second positioning component.
Further, avoidance groove is provided with lower template.
Further, lower die mechanism also includes multiple guide pads, and guide pad is fixed on the upper end of lower template by locking piece, V-arrangement guide groove is provided with guide pad.
Further, the mounting hole along the inward-outward direction extension of lower die mechanism is provided with guide pad.
Further, avoidance is provided with by the avoidance space of the structure of riveting in upper die mechanism and lower die mechanism.
Apply the technical scheme of the present invention, when using riveting device in the present invention, first by by the device of riveting, The drive end bearing bracket and rear end cap of such as motor are placed in lower die mechanism, now, are pushed using forcing press driving upper die mechanism, herein During, the upper thimble of the first positioning component bottom presses to the drive end bearing bracket and rear end cap of motor, and causes drive end bearing bracket and rear end cap Riveting is entered in riveting hole, when drive end bearing bracket and rear end cap riveting are entered in riveting hole, lower thimble can be caused to move downward, Instantly when thimble moves to extreme position, upper thimble, motor front end cover are together with rear end cap and lower thimble abutting, before motor Are there is a blind hole and be fixed together by rivetings in end cap and rear end cap.Relative in the prior art using screw, stopper ring etc. Structure is fixed for the drive end bearing bracket of motor and the mode of rear end cap, and the action of the closing lid process of the motor in the present invention is simple, The labor intensity of workman is low, and installation process is simple, is not in the phenomenon that screw, stopper ring etc. drop, efficiency high, production cost It is low.
Brief description of the drawings
The Figure of description for constituting the part of the application is used for providing a further understanding of the present invention, and of the invention shows Meaning property embodiment and its illustrate be used for explain the present invention, do not constitute inappropriate limitation of the present invention.In the accompanying drawings:
Fig. 1 diagrammatically illustrates the front view of the riveting device of the present invention;
Fig. 2 diagrammatically illustrates the top view of the riveting device of the present invention;
Fig. 3 diagrammatically illustrates the A-A sectional views in Fig. 2;
Fig. 4 diagrammatically illustrates the B-B sectional views in Fig. 2;
Fig. 5 diagrammatically illustrates the C-C sectional views in Fig. 2;
Fig. 6 diagrammatically illustrates the E-E sectional views in Fig. 2;
Fig. 7 diagrammatically illustrates the I-I sectional views in Fig. 2;
Fig. 8 diagrammatically illustrates the stereogram of the die shoe in the present invention;
Fig. 9 diagrammatically illustrates the stereogram of the lower template in the present invention;
Figure 10 diagrammatically illustrates the stereogram of the upper bolster in the present invention;
Figure 11 diagrammatically illustrates the stereogram of the guide pad in the present invention;And
Figure 12 diagrammatically illustrates the stereogram of the positioning sleeve in the present invention.
Wherein, above-mentioned accompanying drawing is marked including the following drawings:
11st, the first positioning component;111st, upper bolster;112nd, upper backboard;113rd, upper padding plate;114th, train wheel bridge;12nd, upper top Pin;13rd, first departs from component;131st, upper de- plate;1311st, first through hole;132nd, the first flexible member;14th, guide pillar;15th, position Hole;21st, the second positioning component;211st, riveting hole;212nd, pilot hole;213rd, die shoe;214th, bottom plate;2141st, the second mounting hole; 215th, lower bolster;216th, lower template;2161st, groove is avoided;22nd, lower thimble;23rd, second departs from component;231st, top plate;2311、 Push rod;232nd, the second flexible member;24th, alignment pin;25th, positioning sleeve;26th, guide pad;261st, mounting hole;262nd, V-arrangement guide groove; 27th, locking piece;28th, limited post;30th, space is avoided;40th, bolt or pin.
Embodiment
It should be noted that in the case where not conflicting, the feature in embodiment and embodiment in the application can phase Mutually combination.Describe the present invention in detail below with reference to the accompanying drawings and in conjunction with the embodiments.
It should be noted that term used herein above is merely to describe embodiment, and be not intended to restricted root According to the illustrative embodiments of the application.As used herein, unless the context clearly indicates otherwise, otherwise singulative It is also intended to include plural form, additionally, it should be understood that, when in this manual using term "comprising" and/or " bag Include " when, it indicates existing characteristics, step, operation, device, component and/or combinations thereof.
It should be noted that term " first " in the description and claims of this application and above-mentioned accompanying drawing, " Two " etc. be for distinguishing similar object, without for describing specific order or precedence.It should be appreciated that so using Data can exchange in the appropriate case, so that presently filed embodiment described herein for example can be with except herein Order beyond those of diagram or description is implemented.In addition, term " comprising " and " having " and their any deformation, it is intended that Be to cover it is non-exclusive include, for example, containing process, method, system, product or the equipment of series of steps or unit not Be necessarily limited to those steps or the unit clearly listed, but may include not list clearly or for these processes, side The intrinsic other steps of method, product or equipment or unit.
For the ease of description, space relative terms can be used herein, such as " ... on ", " ... top ", " ... upper surface ", " above " etc., for describing such as a device shown in the figure or feature and other devices or spy The spatial relation levied.It should be appreciated that space relative terms are intended to comprising the orientation except device described in figure Outside different azimuth in use or operation.If for example, the device in accompanying drawing is squeezed, be described as " in other devices It will be positioned as " under other devices or construction after the device of part or construction top " or " on other devices or construction " Side " or " under other devices or construction ".Thus, exemplary term " ... top " can include " ... top " and " in ... lower section " two kinds of orientation.The device can also other different modes positioning (being rotated by 90 ° or in other orientation), and And respective explanations are made to the relative description in space used herein above.
Referring to shown in Fig. 1 to Figure 12, embodiments in accordance with the present invention are there is provided a kind of riveting device, in the present embodiment Riveting device includes upper die mechanism and lower die mechanism.
Wherein, upper die mechanism includes the first positioning component 11 and upper thimble 12, and upper thimble 12 is fixedly installed on the first positioning The bottom of component 11;Lower die mechanism includes being provided with along riveting on the second positioning component 21 and lower thimble 22, the second positioning component 21 The riveting hole 211 of the short transverse extension of pressure device, riveting hole 211 is located at the underface of upper thimble 12 to lower thimble 22 is installed Bearing of trend in riveting hole 211 and along riveting hole 211 is movably disposed.
When using riveting device in the present invention, first by by the device of riveting, the drive end bearing bracket of such as motor and after End cap is placed in lower die mechanism, now, is pushed using forcing press driving upper die mechanism, in the process, the first positioning component The upper thimble 12 of 11 bottoms presses to the drive end bearing bracket and rear end cap of motor, and causes drive end bearing bracket and rear end cap riveting to enter riveting hole In 211, when drive end bearing bracket and rear end cap riveting are entered in riveting hole 211, lower thimble 22 can be caused to move downward, instantly thimble 22 when moving to extreme position, together with upper thimble 12, motor front end cover are abutted with rear end cap and lower thimble 22, motor front end Are there is a blind hole and be fixed together by rivetings in lid and rear end cap.Relative in the prior art using the knot such as screw, stopper ring Structure is fixed for the drive end bearing bracket of motor and the mode of rear end cap, and the action of the closing lid process of the motor in the present embodiment is simple, The labor intensity of workman is low, and installation process is simple, is not in the phenomenon that screw, stopper ring etc. drop, efficiency high, production cost It is low.
During riveting, under the impact of upper die mechanism, upper thimble 12 is easily interference fitted the upper end cover for being inserted into motor Or in bottom end cover, therefore, the upper die mechanism in the present embodiment also includes being used for by by the structure of riveting, such as upper end of motor Lid or the bottom end cover out of gear mesh first disengaging component 13 from upper thimble 12.
With reference to shown in Fig. 1 to Fig. 4, first in the present embodiment depart from component 13 include upper de- plate 131 and at least one the One flexible member 132.Upper de- plate 131 is located to be provided with the bottom of the first positioning component 11, upper de- plate 131 to be worn for upper thimble 12 The first through hole 1311 crossed;The two ends of first flexible member 132 are connected on the first positioning component 11 and upper de- plate 131 respectively.
During initial position, the bottom of upper thimble 12 is located in the first through hole 1311 of upper de- plate 131, when in forcing press driving When mold mechanism is pushed, upper de- plate 131 is contacted with the drive end bearing bracket or rear end cap of motor first, and upper die mechanism continues to push, upper top Pin 12 is pressed on the drive end bearing bracket of motor or rear end cap through first through hole 1311, and the first flexible member 132 is compressed, riveting knot Shu Hou, forcing press stop to upper die mechanism apply pressure, now, in the presence of the first flexible member 132, upper de- plate 131 by To the elastic force away from the first positioning component 11 so that upper thimble 12 is retracted in first through hole 1311, upper thimble 12 with by riveting Structure depart from.
Preferably, the first flexible member 132 is spring in the present embodiment, certainly, in other embodiments of the invention, also First flexible member 132 can be set to the structures such as elastic rubber, as long as other deformations under the design of the present invention Mode, within protection scope of the present invention.
The first flexible member 132 in the present embodiment is four, week of four the first flexible members 132 along upper de- plate 131 To arranged for interval.Certainly, in other embodiments of the invention, the first flexible member 132 can also be set to two, three Or more than four.
In order to avoid by structures such as the upper convex closures of the structure of riveting, on the upper die mechanism and lower die mechanism in the present embodiment It is provided with avoidance space 30.
With reference to shown in Fig. 4, Fig. 5 and Fig. 7, the first positioning component 11 is upper including what is set gradually from high to low in the present embodiment Die holder 111, upper backboard 112, upper padding plate 113 and train wheel bridge 114, upper bolster 111, upper backboard 112, upper padding plate 113 and on Clamping plate 114 is fixedly installed and is integrated by pin or bolt 40, be provided through on the first positioning component 11 upper padding plate 113 with And the positioning hole 15 of train wheel bridge 114, the upper end of the first flexible member 132 is in positioning hole 15, and upper thimble 12 is fixedly mounted on On train wheel bridge 114.
During assembling, upper backboard 112, upper padding plate 113 and train wheel bridge 114 are tightened together by stay bolt or pin 40 (shown in personnel Fig. 4), between upper bolster 111 and upper backboard 112, between upper padding plate 113 and train wheel bridge 114 by pin or Bolt 40 is fixed together (as shown in Figure 7), and precision is high, and stability is good.
According to above-mentioned structure it is recognised that the first flexible member 132 in the present embodiment is put in train wheel bridge 114 and upper pad In positioning hole 15 on plate 113, and withstand between de- plate 131 and upper backboard 112, circumference uniform distribution four, when under upper die mechanism During pressure, upper first flexible member 132 is pressed on upper de- plate 131, when mould opens, the first flexible member 132 times takes off plate 131 on top, Motor is separated with upper thimble 12, it is simple in construction, it is easy to implement.
Upper die mechanism in the present embodiment also includes at least one guide pillar 14, and the guide pillar 14 is fixed on the first positioning component 11 Go up and pass through de- plate 131, pilot hole 212 corresponding with guide pillar 14 is provided with the second positioning component 21.This Shi Jishiyong reality During applying the riveting device in example, during riveting, guide pillar 14 first contacts progress position correcting with pilot hole 212, convenient upper The riveting hole 211 in lower die mechanism is directed at when thimble 12 is pushed.
Upper bolster 111 in the present embodiment is used for fixed upper mould related components and is fastened with forcing press.Upper backboard 112, which give the pins 40 or bolt that de- plate 131 fastens, stays slidably hole position, it is ensured that above take off the up and down motion and not of plate 131 Come off.Upper padding plate 113 is used to limit the pin 40 or bolt whereabouts lowest order fastened with upper de- plate 131.Enter during upper thimble 12 The important component of row end cover riveting, withstands end cover surface and pushes to form riveted construction.Train wheel bridge 114 is used to coordinate upper padding plate 113 Reserve the activity hole position of the first flexible member 132 and coordinate upper padding plate 113 to fix guide pillar 14.Upper de- plate 131 coordinates the first bullet Property the effect of element 132 elastic force upper thimble 12 is extracted out safely from motor riveting hole 211.
With reference to shown in Fig. 4, for the ease of mould will be descended in middle taking-up, the present embodiment out of riveting hole 211 by the structure of riveting Mechanism also includes being used for the second disengaging component 23 that will be lifted off riveting hole 211 by the structure of riveting.
Specifically, the second disengaging component 23 includes top plate 231 and at least one second flexible member 232.
Wherein, the push rod 2311 positioned at the lower bottom of thimble 22 is provided with top plate 231;The two ends of second flexible member 232 It is connected to respectively on the positioning component 21 of top plate 231 and second.It is by the effect of the second flexible member 232, top plate 231 is upward Top, now, push rod 2311 on top plate 231 by the upward jack-up of lower thimble 22, by riveting hole 211 by riveting Structure is lifted off riveting hole 211, is easy to be taken out from riveting device by the structure of riveting.
Specifically, the second positioning component 21 in the present embodiment includes die shoe 213, the bottom set gradually from low to high Plate 214, lower bolster 215 and lower template 216, die shoe 213, bottom plate 214, lower bolster 215 and lower template 216 pass through pin Or bolt 40 is fixedly installed and is integrated, second, which departs from component 23, is arranged in bottom plate 214, and riveting hole 211 is arranged on lower template On 216.
The inside of bottom plate 214 in the present embodiment sets the second mounting hole 2141, and top plate 231 is arranged on the second mounting hole In 2141, push rod 2311 is supported in the bottom of lower thimble 22 through lower bolster 215.
Alignment pin 24 is provided with die shoe 213, the alignment pin 24 is extended in the second mounting hole 2141, the second elasticity member Part 232 is set on alignment pin 24, prevents the second flexible member 232 from being shifted in the lateral direction in deformation process, is installed When, the two ends of the second flexible member 232 are connected on die shoe 213 and top plate 231 respectively, are easy to the vertical jack-up of top plate 231.
Preferably, the second flexible member 232 in the present embodiment is also spring, certainly, in the other embodiment of the present invention In, the second flexible member 232 can also be set to the structures such as elastic rubber, as long as other under the design of the present invention Mode of texturing, within protection scope of the present invention.
It is four, four edges of the second flexible member 232 preferably by the second flexible member 232 in the present embodiment during design The circumferentially-spaced arrangement of top plate 231, is easy to the smoothly jack-up of top plate 231.Certainly, in other embodiments of the invention, also Second flexible member 232 can be set to two, three or more than four.
Riveting hole 211 is highlighted it is recognised that pushing lower thimble 22 when upper die mechanism is pushed according to above-mentioned structure, Lower 22 times copings of thimble 231, top plate 231 compresses the second flexible member 232, and when die sinking, the direction of motion is on the contrary, lower thimble 22 Rise, motor is ejected from riveting hole 211.
It is spacing for the ease of being carried out to lower thimble 22, shoulder hole is provided with the lower bolster 215 in the present embodiment, the ladder The larger one end in the aperture in hole is at lower thimble 22, the larger position of the external diameter of the bottom of lower thimble 22 and the aperture of shoulder hole It is adapted, by the step surface of the shoulder hole, is easy to carry out lower thimble 22 spacing.
Positioning sleeve 25 is provided with riveting hole 211 in the present embodiment, lower thimble 22 is arranged in positioning sleeve 25, by fixed The effect of position set 25, is easy to effectively position lower thimble 22.
With reference to shown in Fig. 6, the lower die mechanism in the present embodiment also includes limited post 28, and the limited post 28 is higher by the second positioning The upper surface predetermined altitude of component 21, prevents from damaging by pressure when upper die mechanism from pushing by the structure of riveting.When riveting motor front and rear cover When, the limited post 28 in the present embodiment is higher by the upper surface of the second positioning component 21, i.e. lower template 216 upper surface 2 end cap thickness Degree, prevents from damaging electric motor end cap when mould from pushing.
It is shown in Figure 11, set in the lower template 216 in the present embodiment and avoid groove 2161, pass through the avoidance groove 2161 effect, is easy to prevent from the structure of cup riveting to take out inside riveting device or inside riveting device, operation letter Folk prescription is just.Avoidance groove 2161 in the present embodiment is four, and four avoid groove 2161 and set along the circumferentially-spaced of lower template 216 Put.
With reference to shown in Fig. 4 and Figure 11, the lower die mechanism in the present embodiment also includes multiple guide pads 26, and guide pad 26 passes through Locking piece 27 is fixed on the upper end of lower template 216.2 pieces of circumference uniform distributions of guide pad 26, facilitate employee to place motor.The non-riveting of motor Before, front and rear cover has circumferential backlash, and automatic guiding is carried out with the limitation front and rear cover skew of guide pad 26 and when pushing.
Preferably, the locking piece 27 in the present embodiment is that the interior foreign side along lower die mechanism is provided with bolt, guide pad 26 To the mounting hole 261 of extension, by the effect of the mounting hole 261, it is easy to along inward-outward direction mobile guide block 26, then again with lock Determine part 27 to lock, and then meet the structures such as the motor of different trimmings.It is oriented to for the ease of the front and rear cover to motor, this reality Apply and be provided with V-arrangement guide groove 262 on the guide pad 26 in example, be easy to carry out automatic guiding to front and rear cover, and to guide pad 26 Position be adjusted after, be easy to meet the riveting demand of different edge cutting motors.
It should be noted that the interior center for referring to riveting device in the present embodiment.
Lower template 216 in the present embodiment is used for motor and places position, the installation position of guide pad 26, and by pilot hole 212, with And riveting hole 211, carry out non-porous riveted with thimble 12 is closed.
Lower bolster 215 is passed through for the push rod 2311 on top plate 231 and withstood on lower thimble 22, the transmission playing the guiding role with power Effect, while the lower thimble 22 of limitation pushes extreme lower position.
Bottom plate 214 is arranged on die shoe 213, enables top plate 231 along in bottom plate 214 by coordinating with top plate 231 Wall moves up and down, and is play the guiding role to the motion of top plate 231.
Die shoe 213 is used to mounting tool parts and is fastened with forcing press couple.
Wiring hole on the end cap of existing motor is located at the lower section of closing lid screw, in order to prevent wire at wiring hole etc. It is damaged during motor closing lid, in a kind of preferred embodiment of the invention, through hole is set on the side wall of lower template 216 (not shown), by the effect of the through hole, the wire at wiring hole being easy on power supply machine end cap is passed through, wire cup riveting Damage.
Certainly, when designing motor, it is also possible that above-mentioned wiring hole deviates riveting hole 211, and it is aligned with avoiding Groove 2161.
The present invention realizes process optimization and non-porous riveting for cooperation, and original motor screw hole is cancelled, taken during punching press end cap Disappear punch operation;To realize riveting device versatility, the motor wiring hole for having wiring hole immediately below riveting position is rotated into certain angle Degree avoids riveting position.
Four avoidance grooves 2161 are provided with the lower die mechanism of riveting device in the present invention, facilitate employee to carry out motor Carry operation;In lower template 216 install 2 guide pads 26, one be facilitate employee motor is placed and motor above and below end cap Operation is automatically positioned, two be that motor has a riveting position trimming shape larger, it is impossible to is positioned with guide pad 26, while consideration pair Claim, install 2 pieces;Lower die mechanism can only install 2 limited posts 28 in the confined space, prevent pressure excessive, and upper die mechanism pushes pressure Hinder end cap.
Upper die mechanism and lower die mechanism are equipped with automatic discharging plate, prevent motor to be stuck in riveting hole 211 after riveting is molded It is interior, carry out motor jack-up with de- plate 131 and top plate 231 on spring and come off.
The manner of execution of riveting device in the present invention is:Put down with the upper de- surface of plate 131 on raw bits, the upper surface of thimble 12 Together, lower thimble 22 protrudes the upper surface of lower template 216.Motor is placed on lower template by motor by employee by technological requirement along guide pad On 216, start forcing press, when upper die mechanism is pushed, upper de- plate 131 first extrudes end cap, make jointly in pressure and guide pad 26 Corrected automatically with lower front and rear cover and be aligned and push the lower thimble 22 of protrusion, when upper de- plate 131 is contacted with limited post 28, lower top Pin 22 is concordant with the upper surface of lower template 216, and when continuing to push, upper thimble 12 vertically starts to expose de- 131 pairs of electricity of plate Generator terminal lid is extruded, and when end cap deforms along the direction of extrusion, lower thimble 22 is pressed down against again, instantly thimble 22 with Lower bolster 215 is contacted, and lower thimble 22 stops moving down, and the upper pressed end cover rim aperture Direction distortion of thimble 12 reaches until upper thimble 12 Terminate riveted in the minimum position that pushes.During die sinking, direction of action is opposite, it is ensured that can easily be taken out after motor riveted.
The present invention need to be punched out operation using rivet in end cap punching press, and rivet need to be manually placed when motor is assembled, The requirement of rivet pulling capacity can reach 3000N, relative non-porous riveted construction pulling capacity 5000N, relatively weak.Do not change motor outlet wire Mouth position, is underface hollow out by riveting device riveting.This operation again revolves wire after need to motor be placed in lower template 216 Go to hollow out position, i.e., the through hole improved above, employee's troublesome poeration.
As can be seen from the above description, the above embodiments of the present invention realize following technique effect:
(1) frock riveting technology is utilized, be changed to non-porous structure with reference to motor screw hole carries out riveted online, and screw is played in realization Post process optimization, reaches the personnel reduction and reduction labor intensity;
(2) using and promoting for convenience of frock, by the unified change of motor line outlet, avoids riveting position;
(3) porous optimization arrangement, reserves and carries room, facilitates employee's taking and placing and later stage robot input;
(4) positioned, protected using the avoidance space inside mold mechanism above and below riveting device and lower die mechanism and guide pad Front and rear cover axiality is demonstrate,proved, part axle is solved and rings problem;
(5) by carrying out statistical analysis to different motor trimmings, looking for intermediate point to design adjustable limiting block can realize that difference is cut Side motor it is general;
(6) it will be moved outside riveting hole site, facilitate riveting device to design, it is ensured that riveting device mechanical property.
The preferred embodiments of the present invention are the foregoing is only, are not intended to limit the invention, for the skill of this area For art personnel, the present invention can have various modifications and variations.Within the spirit and principles of the invention, that is made any repaiies Change, equivalent substitution, improvement etc., should be included in the scope of the protection.

Claims (15)

1. a kind of riveting device, it is characterised in that including:
Upper die mechanism, the upper die mechanism includes the first positioning component (11) and upper thimble (12), and the upper thimble (12) is fixed It is arranged on the bottom of first positioning component (11);
Lower die mechanism, the lower die mechanism includes the second positioning component (21) and lower thimble (22), second positioning component (21) it is provided with along the riveting hole (211) of the short transverse extension of the riveting device, the riveting hole (211) is located at described The underface of upper thimble (12) is arranged in the riveting hole (211) to, the lower thimble (22) and along the riveting hole (211) Bearing of trend be movably disposed.
2. riveting device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the upper die mechanism also includes being used for by by riveting The first disengaging component (13) that structure departs from from the upper thimble (12).
3. riveting device according to claim 2, it is characterised in that the first disengaging component (13) includes:
Upper de- plate (131), the upper de- plate (131) is located at the bottom of first positioning component (11), the upper de- plate (131) On be provided with the first through hole (1311) passed through for the upper thimble (12);
At least one first flexible member (132), the two ends of first flexible member (132) are connected to described first and determined respectively On hyte part (11) and the upper de- plate (131).
4. riveting device according to claim 3, it is characterised in that first positioning component (11) includes:
Upper bolster (111), upper backboard (112), upper padding plate (113) and the train wheel bridge (114) set gradually from high to low, it is described Upper bolster (111), the upper backboard (112), the upper padding plate (113) and the train wheel bridge (114) are fixedly installed and are integrated, The positioning hole of the upper padding plate (113) and the train wheel bridge (114) is provided through on first positioning component (11) (15), the upper end of first flexible member (132) is located in the positioning hole (15), and the upper thimble (12) is fixedly mounted on On the train wheel bridge (114).
5. riveting device according to claim 3, it is characterised in that the upper die mechanism also includes at least one guide pillar (14), the guide pillar (14) is fixed on first positioning component (11) and determined through the upper de- plate (131), described second Pilot hole (212) corresponding with the guide pillar (14) is provided with hyte part (21).
6. riveting device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the lower die mechanism also includes being used for by by riveting Structure is lifted off the second disengaging component (23) of the riveting hole (211).
7. riveting device according to claim 6, it is characterised in that the second disengaging component (23) includes:
The push rod (2311) positioned at lower thimble (22) bottom is provided with top plate (231), the top plate (231);
At least one second flexible member (232), the two ends of second flexible member (232) are connected to the top plate respectively (231) and on second positioning component (21).
8. riveting device according to claim 7, it is characterised in that second positioning component (21) includes:
Die shoe (213), bottom plate (214), lower bolster (215) and the lower template (216) set gradually from low to high, it is described under Die holder (213), the bottom plate (214), the lower bolster (215) and the lower template (216) are fixedly installed and are integrated, described Second, which departs from component (23), is arranged in the bottom plate (214), and the riveting hole (211) is arranged in the lower template (216).
9. riveting device according to claim 8, it is characterised in that the inside of the bottom plate (214) sets second to install Hole (2141), the top plate (231) is arranged in second mounting hole (2141), and the push rod (2311) passes through the underlay Plate (215) is supported in the bottom of the lower thimble (22);
Alignment pin (24) is provided with the die shoe (213), the alignment pin (24) extends to second mounting hole (2141) in, second flexible member (232) is set on the alignment pin (24), second flexible member (232) Two ends are connected on the die shoe (213) and the top plate (231) respectively.
10. riveting device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that be provided with positioning sleeve in the riveting hole (211) (25), the lower thimble (22) is arranged in the positioning sleeve (25).
11. riveting device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the lower die mechanism also includes limited post (28), institute State the upper surface predetermined altitude that limited post (28) is higher by second positioning component (21).
12. riveting device according to claim 8, it is characterised in that be provided with avoidance groove on the lower template (216) (2161)。
13. riveting device according to claim 8, it is characterised in that the lower die mechanism also includes multiple guide pads (26), the guide pad (26) is fixed on by locking piece (27) on the upper end of the lower template (216), the guide pad (26) It is provided with V-arrangement guide groove (262).
14. riveting device according to claim 13, it is characterised in that be provided with the guide pad (26) along under described The mounting hole (261) of the inward-outward direction extension of mold mechanism.
15. the riveting device according to any one of claim 1 to 14, it is characterised in that the upper die mechanism and described Avoidance is provided with lower die mechanism by the avoidance space (30) of the structure of riveting.
CN201710574328.8A 2017-07-13 2017-07-13 Riveting device CN107283151A (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710574328.8A CN107283151A (en) 2017-07-13 2017-07-13 Riveting device

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710574328.8A CN107283151A (en) 2017-07-13 2017-07-13 Riveting device

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CN201710574328.8A CN107283151A (en) 2017-07-13 2017-07-13 Riveting device

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Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2005219423A (en) * 2004-02-09 2005-08-18 Nanjo Sobi Kogyo Kk Manufacturing equipment of molded body, and molded body
CN201446186U (en) * 2009-07-28 2010-05-05 张仕浪 Punching riveting mold of a combination hinge connection slice
CN201871669U (en) * 2010-11-22 2011-06-22 沪华五金电子(吴江)有限公司 Riveting device
JP5182568B2 (en) * 2008-04-02 2013-04-17 トヨタ自動車株式会社 Sealed battery and use thereof
CN202997872U (en) * 2012-12-13 2013-06-12 珠海格力电器股份有限公司 Motor end cover riveting device
CN203778677U (en) * 2014-02-21 2014-08-20 杭州丰衡机电有限公司 Punching riveting mold
CN105598339A (en) * 2015-12-29 2016-05-25 长春一东离合器股份有限公司 Friction plate integral riveting device

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2005219423A (en) * 2004-02-09 2005-08-18 Nanjo Sobi Kogyo Kk Manufacturing equipment of molded body, and molded body
JP5182568B2 (en) * 2008-04-02 2013-04-17 トヨタ自動車株式会社 Sealed battery and use thereof
CN201446186U (en) * 2009-07-28 2010-05-05 张仕浪 Punching riveting mold of a combination hinge connection slice
CN201871669U (en) * 2010-11-22 2011-06-22 沪华五金电子(吴江)有限公司 Riveting device
CN202997872U (en) * 2012-12-13 2013-06-12 珠海格力电器股份有限公司 Motor end cover riveting device
CN203778677U (en) * 2014-02-21 2014-08-20 杭州丰衡机电有限公司 Punching riveting mold
CN105598339A (en) * 2015-12-29 2016-05-25 长春一东离合器股份有限公司 Friction plate integral riveting device

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Application publication date: 20171024