CN107187367A - A kind of automatic loading and unloading semitrailer - Google Patents

A kind of automatic loading and unloading semitrailer Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107187367A
CN107187367A CN201710334101.6A CN201710334101A CN107187367A CN 107187367 A CN107187367 A CN 107187367A CN 201710334101 A CN201710334101 A CN 201710334101A CN 107187367 A CN107187367 A CN 107187367A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
crotch
groove
trailer
trailer baseplate
baseplate
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201710334101.6A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
孙西友
李子军
吴敏
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Lixin County Kasen Motor Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Lixin County Kasen Motor Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Lixin County Kasen Motor Co Ltd filed Critical Lixin County Kasen Motor Co Ltd
Priority to CN201710334101.6A priority Critical patent/CN107187367A/en
Publication of CN107187367A publication Critical patent/CN107187367A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60PVEHICLES ADAPTED FOR LOAD TRANSPORTATION OR TO TRANSPORT, TO CARRY, OR TO COMPRISE SPECIAL LOADS OR OBJECTS
    • B60P1/00Vehicles predominantly for transporting loads and modified to facilitate loading, consolidating the load, or unloading
    • B60P1/36Vehicles predominantly for transporting loads and modified to facilitate loading, consolidating the load, or unloading using endless chains or belts thereon
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60PVEHICLES ADAPTED FOR LOAD TRANSPORTATION OR TO TRANSPORT, TO CARRY, OR TO COMPRISE SPECIAL LOADS OR OBJECTS
    • B60P1/00Vehicles predominantly for transporting loads and modified to facilitate loading, consolidating the load, or unloading
    • B60P1/44Vehicles predominantly for transporting loads and modified to facilitate loading, consolidating the load, or unloading having a loading platform thereon raising the load to the level of the load-transporting element

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of automatic loading and unloading semitrailer, the semitrailer includes trailer baseplate, conveying device, lowering or hoisting gear, electric hydaulic bar and crotch receiver, two grooves are provided with the upper surface of trailer baseplate is parallel, the two sides of groove insertion trailer baseplate, conveying device is installed in groove, conveying device is lace conveying device, lace conveying device have two be separately mounted to trailer baseplate two before and after groove in, the two ends of conveyer belt are flushed with the side of trailer baseplate respectively, the lowering or hoisting gear for lifting container is installed in the side of trailer baseplate, lowering or hoisting gear has two, trailer baseplate bottom surface is along lowering or hoisting gear symmetric position provided with two crotch disposable boxes, drawstring is provided between crotch receiver and trailer baseplate, electric hydaulic bar is placed on trailer baseplate.The present invention is simple in construction, applied widely, in that context it may be convenient to loading and unloading container.

Description

A kind of automatic loading and unloading semitrailer
Technical field
The invention belongs to material handling technical field, and in particular to a kind of automatic loading and unloading semitrailer.
Background technology
Container refers to specialize in the large-scale goods container being used in turn with some strength, rigidity and specification.Use packaging Case transshipment cargo, directly can freight in the warehouse of consignor, transport to the warehouse unloading of consignee, midway is more changed trains, ship time, without Goods is taken out out of case and changed the outfit, a whole set of fortune that the maximum success of container is the standardization of its product and thus set up Defeated system.
Using container semi-trailer come transport container more than the transport of container.It is mainly used in ship, harbour, course line, public affairs The logistics system that road, terminal, bridge, tunnel, multimodal transport match.But by container handling to container semi-trailer On, then straddle truck or special container fork truck must be used to realize handling, it is impossible to directly load and unload, it is therefore necessary to which design is a kind of Can be with the semitrailer of automatic loading and unloading container.
The content of the invention
According to above the deficiencies in the prior art, the technical problems to be solved by the invention are to propose a kind of anti-rollover trailer, The center of gravity of regulation vehicle is realized by adjusting the inclination angle of trailer plate, the stabilization of the low voice speaking heart of car is kept, solves conventional trailer and exist When swerving easily the problem of turn on one's side, with simple in construction, the characteristics of safe and efficient.
In order to solve the above-mentioned technical problem, the technical solution adopted by the present invention is:A kind of automatic loading and unloading semitrailer includes hanging Car bottom plate, conveying device, lowering or hoisting gear, electric hydaulic bar and crotch receiver, are provided with two the upper surface of trailer baseplate is parallel Individual groove, the two sides of groove insertion trailer baseplate are provided with conveying device in groove, and conveying device fills for belt conveying Put, lace conveying device have two be separately mounted to trailer baseplate two before and after groove in, the two ends of conveyer belt respectively with trailer The side of bottom plate is flushed, and the lowering or hoisting gear for lifting container is provided with the side of trailer baseplate, and lowering or hoisting gear has two, Trailer baseplate bottom surface, provided with two crotch disposable boxes, is set along lowering or hoisting gear symmetric position between crotch receiver and trailer baseplate There is drawstring, electric hydaulic bar is placed on trailer baseplate.
As a preferred embodiment, the lowering or hoisting gear includes pallet, crotch, chain, hoist engine and stepping electricity Machine, pallet is provided with U-type groove, and crotch is lain in U-type groove, slide rail is provided with crotch both sides, in the madial wall pair of pallet U-type groove Two chutes should be provided with, slide rail is slidably mounted in chute, be provided with stepper motor in pallet side wall, stepper motor is provided with friction Disk, frictional disk is contacted with crotch sidewall friction, and being provided with the upper surface of crotch is used to translate container power-driven roller, crotch top Provided with outlet, two hoist engines are respectively equipped with pallet both sides, hoist engine is fixed on trailer baseplate, are wound on hoist engine Chain, the other end of chain is fixed on the upper surface of pallet.Electric hydaulic bar include electric hydraulic pump, hydraulic cylinder, hydraulic stem and Fixed block, electric hydraulic pump is located at the side bottom of hydraulic cylinder, and electric hydraulic pump is interconnected with hydraulic cylinder, set in hydraulic cylinder There is hydraulic stem, fixed block is welded with electric hydraulic pump side bottom, fixed block is provided with the groove for being used for inserting crotch, groove In bottom surface level, the power interface of electric hydraulic pump is also equipped with groove.The lace conveying device include driving wheel, from Driving wheel, support roller (205), conveyer belt, cradling piece, expansion bracket and driving motor, active road and driven pulley are rotatably connected on branch respectively The two ends of hack lever, are provided with driving motor between cradling piece and driving wheel, and driving motor one end is fixed on cradling piece, transmission electricity The other end of machine is connected with driving wheel, and conveyer belt is wrapped on driving wheel and driven pulley, is provided between driving wheel and driven pulley Support roller, support roller is rotatably connected on support bar, and the lower section of support bar is provided with expansion bracket, and expansion bracket bottom is fixed on trailer baseplate Groove in.The material of the crotch is aluminium alloy.
Present invention has the advantages that:The present invention can be in the case of by gantry crane, by the container on trailer Placement is removed from car on the ground, or container is directly held up from ground and is moved on car body, simple in construction, the scope of application Extensively.
Brief description of the drawings
The mark in the content and figure expressed by this specification accompanying drawing is briefly described below:
Fig. 1 is the structure chart of the automatic loading and unloading semitrailer embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the structure chart of the lowering or hoisting gear embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is the structure chart of the electric hydaulic bar embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 4 is the structure chart of the lace conveying device embodiment of the present invention.
Wherein, 1, trailer baseplate, 2, conveying device, 3, lowering or hoisting gear, 4, hydraulic cylinder, 5, hydraulic stem, 6, electric hydraulic pump, 7th, fixed block, 8, power interface, 201, driving wheel, 202, driven pulley, 203, driving motor, 204, cradling piece, 205, support roller, 206th, expansion bracket, 207, conveyer belt, 301, pallet, 302, crotch, 303, hoist engine, 304, chain, 305, stepper motor, 306, Slide rail, 307, electric roller.
Embodiment
Below against accompanying drawing, by the description to embodiment, embodiment of the invention such as involved each component Shape, construction, the mutual alignment between each several part and annexation, the effect of each several part and operation principle, manufacturing process and Operate with method etc., is described in further detail, to help those skilled in the art to inventive concept of the invention, technology Scheme has more complete, accurate and deep understanding.
As shown in figure 1, a kind of automatic loading and unloading semitrailer includes trailer baseplate 1, conveying device 2, lowering or hoisting gear 3, electronic liquid Depression bar 5 and the receiver of crotch 302, are provided with two grooves the upper surface of trailer baseplate 1 is parallel, groove insertion trailer baseplate 1 Two sides, are provided with conveying device 2 in groove, and conveying device 2 is lace conveying device 2, and lace conveying device 2 has two points In groove that An Zhuan be before and after 1 liang of trailer baseplate, the side of the two ends of conveyer belt respectively with trailer baseplate 1 is flushed, in trailer The side of bottom plate 1 is provided with the lowering or hoisting gear 3 for lifting container, and lowering or hoisting gear 3 has two, and the bottom surface of trailer baseplate 1 edge rises The symmetric position of falling unit 3 is provided with drawstring provided with two disposable boxes of crotch 302 between the receiver of crotch 302 and trailer baseplate 1, Electric hydaulic bar 5 is placed on trailer baseplate 1.
As shown in Fig. 2 lowering or hoisting gear 3 includes pallet 301, crotch 302, chain 304, hoist engine 303 and stepper motor 305, pallet 301 is provided with U-type groove, and crotch 302 is lain in U-type groove, slide rail 306 is provided with the both sides of crotch 302, in pallet The madial wall of 301 U-type groove is correspondingly provided with two chutes, and slide rail 306 is slidably mounted in chute, in the side wall of pallet 301 provided with step Stepper motor 305, stepper motor 305 is provided with frictional disk, and frictional disk contacts with the sidewall friction of crotch 302, when 305 turns of stepper motor Dynamic to drive frictional disk to rotate, frictional disk drives crotch 302 to be slid back and forth along the groove on pallet 301, in the upper surface of crotch 302 Provided with electric roller 307, electric roller 307 is used to translate container, and the top of crotch 302 is provided with outlet, in 301 liang of pallet Side is respectively equipped with two hoist engines 303, and hoist engine 303 is fixed on trailer baseplate 1, and chain 304, chain are wound on hoist engine 303 The other end of bar 304 is fixed on the upper surface of pallet 301, rotates hoist engine 303 and pulls drawstring to drive crotch 302 on the whole Move or decline.
As shown in figure 3, electric hydaulic bar 5 includes electric hydraulic pump 6, hydraulic cylinder 4, hydraulic stem 5 and fixed block 7, the electricity Hydrodynamic press pump 6 is located at the side bottom of hydraulic cylinder 4, and electric hydraulic pump 6 is interconnected with hydraulic cylinder 4, and liquid is provided with hydraulic cylinder 4 Depression bar 5, hydraulic stem 5 stretches out hydraulic cylinder 4 and supported on the ground, and electric hydraulic pump 6 is provided with power interface 8, in side bottom weldering Fixed block 7 is connected to, fixed block 7 is provided with groove, and groove, for inserting crotch 302, is also equipped with bottom surface level in groove Power interface 8.
As shown in figure 4, lace conveying device 2 includes driving wheel 201, driven pulley 202, support roller 205, conveyer belt 207, support Bar 204, expansion bracket 206 and driving motor 203, active road and driven pulley 202 are rotatably connected on the two ends of cradling piece 204 respectively, Driving motor 203 is provided between cradling piece 204 and driving wheel 201, the one end of driving motor 203 is fixed on cradling piece 204, passed The other end of dynamic motor 203 is connected to driving driving wheel 201 with driving wheel 201 and rotated, and conveyer belt 207 is wrapped in driving wheel 201 and driven pulley 202 on, between driving wheel 201 and driven pulley 202 be provided with support roller 205, support roller 205 is rotatably connected on support On bar, the lower section of support bar is provided with expansion bracket 206, and the bottom of expansion bracket 206 is fixed in the groove on trailer baseplate 1, and adjustment is stretched Contracting frame 206 can hold up cradling piece 204 to drive whole conveying device 2 to lift.
Operation principle:When needing loading and unloading container, automatic loading and unloading semitrailer is driven to container side simultaneously first Capable position, when handling semitrailer on lowering or hoisting gear 3 be aligned to the entry of container base, unclamp the receiver of crotch 302 with Drawstring is provided between trailer baseplate (1), personnel hold drawstring, hold the box of crotch 302, and now the one end of crotch 302 is received in crotch 302 In box, hoist engine 303 is now rotated, the connection crotch 302 of pallet 301 is put down together, and personnel pull crotch under drawstring Combined with Radiotherapy 302, the crotch 302 for being now placed in trailer baseplate 1 is laid down, slightly above bottom surface, the bottom surface of the now alignment of crotch 302 container Motor on entry, lowering or hoisting gear 3 is rotated, and drives crotch 302 to move forward, and crotch 302 is inserted jack, is inserted when fully-inserted Stop motor behind hole, now the another side of container is exposed in one end of crotch 302, then take out from trailer baseplate 1 electronic liquid Expansion link is pressed, the groove of fixed block 7 on electric hydaulic expansion link is directed at the front end of crotch 302, the power supply of the front end of crotch 302 is inserted Power interface 8 in mouth insertion groove, the now rotation of hoist engine 303 drives the crotch on the motion upwards of pallet 301, pallet 301 302 also motions upwards therewith, while one end that electric hydaulic bar 5 heads on crotch 302 is moved upwards, make container level transport upwards It is dynamic, the stop motion when the upper surface of conveyer belt 207 of container is with 302 upper surface flush of crotch, to prevent in moving containers When, bottom surface and the trailer baseplate 1 of container rub, and now the expansion bracket 206 of lace conveying device 2 holds up support roller 205, makes conveying The electric roller 307 that the upper surface of band 207 is slightly above on the upper surface of trailer baseplate 1, crotch 302 is rotated, and drives container from trailer Moved on the fragrant trailer in side, now rear and front end of two conveyer belts 207 respectively with container bottom surface is in contact, and drives container The middle part of trailer baseplate 1 is moved horizontally towards, by adjusting the slewing rate of former and later two conveying devices 2, container entrance can be adjusted Angle, remains the center line level of formula container and trailer baseplate 1, when container is rested entirely on trailer baseplate 1, conveying The expansion bracket 206 of device 2 is shunk, and conveyer belt 207 is moved down, and container is rested entirely on trailer baseplate 1, and then hoist engine 303 is turned over Turn, electric hydaulic bar 5 shrinks, and crotch 302 is put down again, the electric hydaulic expansion link removed on crotch 302 is placed on trailer baseplate 1 On, the motor on lowering or hoisting gear 3 is rotated, and crotch 302 is recovered to the underface of trailer baseplate 1, one end of crotch 302 puts fork The receiver of frame 302, electrical hoist 303 be rotatably assorted personnel pull the receiver of crotch 302 pack up crotch 302, be finally completed collection The handling of vanning.
The present invention is exemplarily described above in conjunction with accompanying drawing, it is clear that the present invention is implemented not by aforesaid way Limitation, as long as the improvement of the various unsubstantialities of inventive concept and technical scheme of the present invention progress is employed, or without changing Enter and the design of the present invention and technical scheme are directly applied into other occasions, within protection scope of the present invention.This hair Bright protection domain should be determined by the scope of protection defined in the claims.

Claims (5)

1. a kind of automatic loading and unloading semitrailer, it is characterised in that the semitrailer includes trailer baseplate (1), conveying device (2), risen Falling unit (3), electric hydaulic bar (5) and crotch (302) receiver, the upper surface of trailer baseplate (1) it is parallel be provided with two it is recessed Groove, the two sides of groove insertion trailer baseplate (1) are provided with conveying device (2) in groove, and conveying device (2) is that belt is defeated Send device (2), lace conveying device (2) have two be separately mounted to trailer baseplate (1) two before and after groove in, the two of conveyer belt Hold the side respectively with trailer baseplate (1) to flush, the lifting for lifting container is installed in the side of trailer baseplate (1) and filled Put (3), lowering or hoisting gear (3) there are two, and trailer baseplate (1) bottom surface is along lowering or hoisting gear (3) symmetric position provided with two crotch (302) Disposable box, is provided with drawstring between crotch (302) receiver and trailer baseplate (1), and electric hydaulic bar (5) is placed on trailer baseplate (1) on.
2. automatic loading and unloading semitrailer according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the lowering or hoisting gear (3) includes pallet (301), crotch (302), chain (304), hoist engine (303) and stepper motor (305), pallet (301) are provided with U-type groove, fork Frame (302) is lain in U-type groove, slide rail (306) is provided with crotch (302) both sides, in the madial wall pair of pallet (301) U-type groove Two chutes should be provided with, slide rail (306) is slidably mounted in chute, and wall is provided with stepper motor (305), stepping in pallet (301) side Motor (305) is provided with frictional disk, and frictional disk is contacted with crotch (302) sidewall friction, in the upper surface of crotch (302) provided with use In translation container power-driven roller (307), crotch (302) top is provided with outlet, two is respectively equipped with pallet (301) both sides Individual hoist engine (303), hoist engine (303) is fixed on trailer baseplate (1), and chain (304), chain are wound on hoist engine (303) (304) the other end is fixed on the upper surface of pallet (301).
3. automatic loading and unloading semitrailer according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the electric hydaulic bar (5) includes electronic Hydraulic pump (6), hydraulic cylinder (4), hydraulic stem (5) and fixed block (7), electric hydraulic pump (6) are located at the side bottom of hydraulic cylinder (4) End, electric hydraulic pump (6) is interconnected with hydraulic cylinder (4), hydraulic stem (5) is provided with hydraulic cylinder (4), in electric hydraulic pump (6) side bottom is welded with fixed block (7), and fixed block (7) is provided with the groove for being used for inserting crotch (302), and groove is in bottom surface Level, is also equipped with the power interface (8) of electric hydraulic pump (6) in groove.
4. automatic loading and unloading semitrailer according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the lace conveying device (2) includes master Driving wheel (201), driven pulley (202), support roller (205), conveyer belt (207), cradling piece (204), expansion bracket (206) and driving motor (203), active road and driven pulley (202) are rotatably connected on the two ends of cradling piece (204) respectively, in cradling piece (204) and actively Driving motor (203) is provided between wheel (201), driving motor (203) one end is fixed on cradling piece (204), driving motor (203) the other end is connected with driving wheel (201), and conveyer belt (207) is wrapped on driving wheel (201) and driven pulley (202), Support roller (205) is provided between driving wheel (201) and driven pulley (202), support roller (205) is rotatably connected on support bar, support bar Lower section be provided with expansion bracket (206), expansion bracket (206) bottom is fixed in the groove on trailer baseplate (1).
5. automatic loading and unloading semitrailer according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the material of the crotch (302) closes for aluminium Gold.
CN201710334101.6A 2017-05-12 2017-05-12 A kind of automatic loading and unloading semitrailer Pending CN107187367A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710334101.6A CN107187367A (en) 2017-05-12 2017-05-12 A kind of automatic loading and unloading semitrailer

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710334101.6A CN107187367A (en) 2017-05-12 2017-05-12 A kind of automatic loading and unloading semitrailer

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN107187367A true CN107187367A (en) 2017-09-22

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CN201710334101.6A Pending CN107187367A (en) 2017-05-12 2017-05-12 A kind of automatic loading and unloading semitrailer

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CN (1) CN107187367A (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111391742A (en) * 2020-03-31 2020-07-10 陈盛泉 Industrial carrying robot

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111391742A (en) * 2020-03-31 2020-07-10 陈盛泉 Industrial carrying robot
CN111391742B (en) * 2020-03-31 2021-07-13 苏州聚慧邦信息科技有限公司 Industrial carrying robot

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Application publication date: 20170922