CN107176510A - Multiple lift control system and group control method - Google Patents

Multiple lift control system and group control method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107176510A
CN107176510A CN201710531202.2A CN201710531202A CN107176510A CN 107176510 A CN107176510 A CN 107176510A CN 201710531202 A CN201710531202 A CN 201710531202A CN 107176510 A CN107176510 A CN 107176510A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
elevator
load
passenger
control
multiple lift
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Pending
Application number
CN201710531202.2A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
章博
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Individual
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Individual
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Application filed by Individual filed Critical Individual
Priority to CN201710531202.2A priority Critical patent/CN107176510A/en
Publication of CN107176510A publication Critical patent/CN107176510A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B66HOISTING; LIFTING; HAULING
    • B66BELEVATORS; ESCALATORS OR MOVING WALKWAYS
    • B66B1/00Control systems of elevators in general
    • B66B1/02Control systems without regulation, i.e. without retroactive action
    • B66B1/06Control systems without regulation, i.e. without retroactive action electric
    • B66B1/14Control systems without regulation, i.e. without retroactive action electric with devices, e.g. push-buttons, for indirect control of movements
    • B66B1/18Control systems without regulation, i.e. without retroactive action electric with devices, e.g. push-buttons, for indirect control of movements with means for storing pulses controlling the movements of several cars or cages
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B66HOISTING; LIFTING; HAULING
    • B66BELEVATORS; ESCALATORS OR MOVING WALKWAYS
    • B66B1/00Control systems of elevators in general
    • B66B1/34Details, e.g. call counting devices, data transmission from car to control system, devices giving information to the control system
    • B66B1/3415Control system configuration and the data transmission or communication within the control system
    • B66B1/3446Data transmission or communication within the control system
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B66HOISTING; LIFTING; HAULING
    • B66BELEVATORS; ESCALATORS OR MOVING WALKWAYS
    • B66B5/00Applications of checking, fault-correcting, or safety devices in elevators
    • B66B5/0006Monitoring devices or performance analysers
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B66HOISTING; LIFTING; HAULING
    • B66BELEVATORS; ESCALATORS OR MOVING WALKWAYS
    • B66B2201/00Aspects of control systems of elevators
    • B66B2201/20Details of the evaluation method for the allocation of a call to an elevator car
    • B66B2201/215Transportation capacity
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B50/00Energy efficient technologies in elevators, escalators and moving walkways, e.g. energy saving or recuperation technologies

Abstract

The present invention provides a kind of multiple lift control system, including elevator, hall door, the first load cell, the second load cell, outgoing call control panel, it is interior exhale control panel, voice interface device and team control main frame, first load cell, second load cell, the outgoing call control panel, it is described in exhale control panel and the voice interface device to be connected with the team control main frame.Present invention also offers a kind of Elevator group control method.Compared with existing correlation technique, the multiple lift control system that the present invention is provided, it can cause elevator operating efficiency high;By the monitoring loaded in the differentiation to every floor layer up-downgoing passenger and elevator, so that Elevator Group Control Dispatching is accurately improved with efficiency;The invalid stop of elevator is solved the problems, such as, energy-conservation purpose is reached.

Description

Multiple lift control system and group control method
Technical field
The present invention relates to elevator technology field, more particularly to a kind of multiple lift control system and group control method.
Background technology
Economic sustainable development stimulates building trade to be strided forward to skyscraper, heavy construction direction, and this is to the electricity in building Ladder is proposed to be generally required to install multiple elevator in new requirement, heavy construction, could meet huge volume of the flow of passengers requirement, reply The peak passenger flow pressure of the period such as working, next.Due to multiple elevator paired running, and passenger flow is scattered, multiplying in every elevator Visitor may cause elevator a large amount of repeated works occur in any one layer of stop, and multiple elevator co-ordination, optimization elevator are adjusted Degree, rationally group's ladder, make passenger's time ladder and riding time most short, while elevator device power consumption at least turns into urgent demand, elevator Group control system turns into the important development direction of many elevator operation reserves in heavy construction.
Most of current multiple lift control system uses estimation mode, is run according to the call signal and elevator of every floor layer State with various algorithm simulations calculate ultimately produce dispatch command.
The defect of prior art is the call signal for only obtaining the layer per floor, it is impossible to obtains more detailed information, only knows Whether the road floor has request upwardly or downwardly, can not but know up-downgoing it is definite demand load, can not also judge be No infecctive call.To causing very big influence according to the accuracy and efficiency of estimating the dispatch command drawn.
Such as, example 1:Under the dispatch situation of pure estimation, there are two elevators, elevator 1 is slightly remote from destination, it is internal More empty, elevator 2 is nearer from destination, and elevator interior only has a small amount of load space, but external standby number is far super to be received Load.By the scheduling method of prior art, elevator 2 first reaches calling floor, and the call instruction of elevator 1 is because of Group Control Schedule executed Cancelled by system, as a result wait crowd to be gone up because the disposable load of elevator 2 is limited in after 1 or many people and overload, and the electricity of load more than needed Ladder 1 because call instruction is performed ignore the floor caused by transport power waste.
Example 2:Or the elevator 1 and elevator 2 of example 1.Such as in certain floor, passenger presses call instruction, and elevator 2 is arrived first, All passengers have fully entered elevator 2, if the call instruction of elevator 1 is not cancelled because being performed the instruction of elevator 2, elevator 1 carries out switch hall door operation when arriving the floor, and has no terraced on passenger.Invalid action is caused, efficiency and efficiency is wasted.
Therefore, it is necessary to provide a kind of new multiple lift control system to solve the above problems.
The content of the invention
Present invention solves the technical problem that being to provide the multiple lift control system that a kind of scheduling is accurate, operational efficiency is high and saves And group control method.
In order to solve the above technical problems, the present invention provides a kind of multiple lift control system, including many with operation up and down Elevator and the hall door being arranged in each floor elevator waiting halls, the multiple lift control system also include:
First load cell, is arranged at elevator holding areas as defined in before every fan hall door, for detecting elevator etc. The load in region is waited, and exports the first load information;
Second load cell, is connected with the elevator, is loaded for detecting the load in the elevator, and exporting second Information;
Outgoing call control panel, is arranged at every floor layer close to the wall locations of the hall door, the elevator is entered for passenger Row instruction input is to produce outgoing call scheduling signals;
Control panel is inside exhaled, is arranged in the elevator, it is defeated to carry out instruction to the elevator for the passenger in the elevator Enter to exhale scheduling signals in producing;
Voice interface device, is arranged in elevator waiting halls, for realizing passenger and the elevator voice interface;
Team control main frame, with first load cell, second load cell, the outgoing call control panel, described Inside exhale control panel and the voice interface device to be connected, and receive outgoing call scheduling signals, interior exhale scheduling signals, the first load letter Breath and the second load information.
It is preferred that, the multiple lift control system also includes the elevator operation being disposed in proximity on the metope of the hall door Elevator operation display device, the elevator operation display device is connected with the team control main frame.
It is preferred that, the multiple lift control system also includes the voice playing device being arranged in the elevator, the voice Playing device is connected with the team control main frame.
It is preferred that, every layer of voice interface device of storey setting one.
It is preferred that, often fan the hall door and be correspondingly arranged a voice interface device.
It is preferred that, often fan the hall door and be provided with the touching pressure sensor being connected with the team control main frame, for detecting The external force size being subject in the hall door.
Present invention also offers a kind of Elevator group control method based on the multiple lift control system, comprise the following steps:
S1, outgoing call control panel receive instruction input, and produce outgoing call scheduling signals;
S2, determine input the instruction type, the type of the instruction include the alternative order of upstream or downstream with And the two-way instruction of uplink and downlink;
If S21, the instruction of input are alternative order, the detection instruction of the load cell of team control host computer control first is defeated Enter the load in the elevator holding areas of floor and export the first load information, the second load cell of control is detected in each elevator Load and export the second load information;
S211, the team control main frame are adjusted according to first load information, second load information and the outgoing call The elevator of degree message scheduling respective numbers reaches the instruction input floor;
If S22, the instruction of input are two-way instruction, the team control host computer control voice interface device passes through voice Report and require that up passenger or descending passenger wait to the elevator holding areas of the team control host assignment, realize and distinguish Up passenger and descending passenger;
First load cell described in S221, the team control host computer control detects the up passenger of instruction input floor respectively Load in elevator holding areas and the first load information of output where load and descending passenger in the elevator holding areas of place, Control second load cell to detect the load in each elevator and export the second load information;
S222, the team control main frame dispatch respective numbers according to first load information and second load information Elevator reach the instruction input floor.
It is preferred that, also include in step s 2:The first load cell detection instruction is defeated described in the team control host computer control Whether have load, if being not detected by load, voice described in the team control host computer control is mutual if entering in the elevator holding areas of floor Dynamic device is emitted in interior speech recognition response requirement in limited time, if interior unresponsive in limited time, and automatic elevator of cancelling is in the floor Outgoing call scheduling signals.
Compared with correlation technique, multiple lift control system and group control method that the present invention is provided, it is negative by setting first Set sensor detects the load of each elevator holding areas and sets the second load cell to detect the load in elevator, The real-time Data Transmission of load and the interior load of each elevator is come according to the negative of detection to team control main frame in each floor elevator holding areas Elevator dispatching is carried, so that elevator operating efficiency is high;The mutual of people and elevator is realized by setting voice interface device Dynamic exchange, the passenger of guiding up-downgoing enters the elevator holding areas specified, so that elevator dispatching is accurately improved with efficiency; Interior speech recognition response requirement in limited time is emitted in by setting voice interface device, screen the floor whether infecctive call, from And the invalid stop of elevator is solved the problems, such as, reach energy-conservation purpose.
Brief description of the drawings
Technical scheme in order to illustrate the embodiments of the present invention more clearly, makes required in being described below to embodiment Accompanying drawing is briefly described, and drawings in the following description are only some embodiments of the present invention, common for this area For technical staff, on the premise of not paying creative work, other accompanying drawings can also be obtained according to these accompanying drawings, its In:
Fig. 1 is the frame construction drawing of multiple lift control system of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is elevator operation logic schematic diagram;
Fig. 3 is elevator structure schematic diagram;
Fig. 4 is the flow chart of Elevator group control method of the present invention.
Embodiment
The technical scheme in the embodiment of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below, it is clear that described implementation Example is only a part of embodiment of the present invention, rather than whole embodiments.Based on the embodiment in the present invention, this area is common All other embodiment that technical staff is obtained under the premise of creative work is not made, belongs to the model that the present invention is protected Enclose.
Referring to Fig. 1, the present invention provides a kind of multiple lift control system 100, including with the elevator 1 of operation up and down, setting In the hall door 2 in each floor elevator waiting halls, the first load cell 3, the second load cell 4, outgoing call control panel 5, interior Exhale control panel 6, voice interface device 7, elevator operation display device 8, voice playing device 9, team control main frame 10 and touch Bruising force snesor 11.First load cell 3 is arranged at elevator holding areas, institute as defined in before every fan hall door 2 State the second load cell 4 to be connected with the elevator 1, the voice playing device 9 is arranged in each elevator 1, described Outgoing call control panel 5 and the elevator operation display device 8 may be contained within every floor layer close to the metope position of the hall door 2 Put, it is described in exhale control panel 6 to be arranged in the elevator 1, the voice interface device 7 is arranged at each floor elevator waiting halls In.
The quantity of the elevator 1 is many, and the correspondence of hall door 2 elevator 1 is set, i.e., each 1 pair of the elevator One hall door 2 should be set in elevator waiting halls.
First load cell 3, second load cell 4, the outgoing call control panel 5, it is described in exhale control Plate 6, the voice interface device 7, the elevator operation display device 8, the voice playing device 9 with the team control Main frame 10 is connected.In a preferred embodiment, second load cell 4, it is described in exhale control panel 6 and the voice to broadcast Device 9 is put to be connected with the team control main frame 10 by CAN, first load cell 3, the outgoing call control panel 5, The voice interface device 7 and the elevator operation display device 8 pass through RS485 buses and the team control main frame 10 Connection.
First load cell 3 is used for the load for detecting elevator holding areas and exports the first load information, and this is born Carry and include but is not limited to the weight of passenger or quantity, the weight of article of passenger etc. in elevator holding areas.Preferred Embodiment in, first load cell 3 is arranged at the subsurface of elevator holding areas.
Second load cell 4, which is used to detect, to be loaded in the elevator 1 and exports the second load information, including but not It is limited to the weight of passenger in the elevator 1 or quantity, the weight of article of passenger etc..
The outgoing call control panel 5, which is used for passenger, to carry out instruction input to the elevator 1 and produces outgoing call scheduling signals.It is described Outgoing call control panel 5 is provided with function button upwardly or downwardly.
Exhale control panel 6 to be used for passenger in described to carry out instruction input in the elevator 1 and exhale scheduling signals in producing.Institute Control panel 6 is exhaled in stating provided with switch gate function key, each floor numeral, calling key etc..
The voice interface device 7 is used to realize the elevator 1 and passenger's voice interface.The voice interface device 7 can With the optional position being arranged in each floor elevator waiting halls, certainly, passenger carries out voice interface with elevator for convenience, excellent Choosing, the voice interface device 7 is set close to the hall door 2, for example, be arranged on the metope near the hall door 2.It is described Voice interface device 7 can improve elevator and the communication efficiency of passenger using artificial intelligence technology.The voice interface device 7 Per floor, layer can set one, naturally it is also possible to which each fan hall door 2 is nearby respectively provided with one.
The elevator operation display device 8 is used for the operation information for showing elevator.The operation information includes but not limited The information such as traffic direction in elevator, residing floor, are not limited to distinguish by color and are run above and below elevator.
The voice playing device 9 is used to carry out voice communication, plays music, broadcast, phone, notice etc..
The team control main frame 10 is used for by receiving load and second load that first load cell 3 is detected The load that sensor 4 is detected is controlled to elevator.The team control main frame 10 is arranged in elevator controlling room, certain team control Main frame 10 can also be arranged at other suitable places, and the team control main frame 10 passes through wired or wirelessly with described One load cell 3, second load cell 4, the outgoing call control panel 5, it is described in exhale control panel 6 and the voice Interactive device 7 is connected.
The touching pressure sensor 11 is connected with the team control main frame 10, and what is be subject to for detecting in the hall door 2 is outer Power size, when the external force that the touching pressure sensor 11 is detected is more than default outer force threshold, if the now elevator 1 Reach this by the hall door 2 of external force position when, the team control main frame 10 controls the hall door 1 not open, and controls described Language interactive device 7 sends voice, and reminding passengers should not touch the hall door 2, when the hall door 2 is not by external force, the Room Door 2 is opened, so that when effectively preventing that the hall door 2 from opening, danger is brought to relying on the passenger in the hall door 2, so that pole The big safety for improving passenger.
Also referring to Fig. 2 and Fig. 3, now lift specific embodiment and multiple lift control system 100 of the present invention is carried out in detail Explanation.In this embodiment it is assumed that the quantity of the elevator 1 be three, each elevator 1 corresponding floor provided with pair The fan hall door 2 answered, the doorway planning of each fan hall door 2 has elevator holding areas, different elevator holding areas It can be made a distinction by color and shape can be arranged to different shapes, elevator holding areas is configured with first load Sensor 3.
Per floor, total load of the layer in elevator holding areas is checked 100 pairs of the multiple lift control system, and is passed through The voice interface device 7 of elevator waiting halls carries out voice interface with passenger, realizes the area of up passenger and descending passenger Point, so that the load of accurately elevator holding areas is obtained, and then according to the load in the elevator 1, the team control main frame 10 Calculate and make the scheduling decision to the elevator 1.It is specific as follows:
If the passenger of the elevator holding areas of a certain floor is descending or up, that is to say, that passenger is only by multiplying The call button in some direction is sat, then the total load in first load cell 3 detection elevator holding areas, described the Two load cells 4 detect the load in each elevator 1, and the team control main frame 10 is examined according to first load cell 3 The load dispatch of the load of survey and the detection detection of second load cell 4 can load the one of elevator holding areas load Platform or many elevators 1 reach the floor, and inform by the voice interface device 7 passenger in elevator holding areas.
If a part of up another part of passenger in a certain floor elevator holding areas is descending, the team control master The passenger that machine 10 controls the verbal announcement of voice interface device 7 up or descending removes the elevator that the team control main frame 10 is distributed Holding areas is waited, and is then dispatched a certain elevator and is reached the assigned elevator holding areas, so as to realize up or descending passenger Differentiation, facilitate the accurate scheduling of elevator.
If all elevator holding areas are not detected by load, but the outgoing call control panel 5 has pending calling Instruction, then the team control main frame 10 controls the voice interface device 7 to be emitted in interior speech recognition response requirement in limited time, if not There is passenger in interior voice answer-back in limited time, then cancel the call command of the floor automatically, the multiple lift control system 100 is identified as this Floor, so as to realize the invalid stop for solving the problems, such as the elevator 1, reaches energy-conservation purpose without Waiting Passengers.
Also referring to Fig. 4, present invention also offers a kind of Elevator group control method based on the multiple lift control system, bag Include following steps:
S1, outgoing call control panel 5 receive instruction input, and produce outgoing call scheduling signals;
S2, determine input the instruction type, the type of the instruction include the alternative order of upstream or downstream with And the two-way instruction of uplink and downlink;
The step also includes:The team control main frame 10 controls the detection of the first load cell 3 instruction input floor Whether there is load in elevator holding areas, if being not detected by load, the team control main frame 10 controls the voice interface device 7 Interior speech recognition response requirement in limited time is emitted in, if interior unresponsive in limited time, the automatic outgoing call for cancelling elevator 1 in the floor Scheduling signals.Can so screen the floor whether infecctive call, so as to solve the problems, such as the invalid stop of the elevator 1, reach To energy-conservation purpose.
If S21, the instruction of input are alternative order, team control main frame 10 controls the detection of the first load cell 3 to refer to Load and the first load information of output in the elevator holding areas of order input floor, the second load cell 4 of control are detected respectively Load and the second load information of output in elevator;
S211, the team control main frame 10 are according to first load information, second load information and the outgoing call The elevator of schedule information schedules respective numbers reaches the instruction input floor;
If S22, the instruction of input are two-way instruction, the control voice interactive device 7 of team control main frame 10 passes through Voice broadcast requires that up passenger or descending passenger wait to the elevator holding areas that the team control main frame 10 is distributed, real Now distinguish up passenger and descending passenger;
S221, the team control main frame 10 control first load cell 3 to detect the up of instruction input floor respectively Load and output first where load and descending passenger where passenger in elevator holding areas in elevator holding areas are loaded Information, controls second load cell 4 to detect the load in each elevator 1 and exports the second load information;
Because up passenger and descending passenger are necessarily required to take the different elevators 1 respectively, accordingly, it would be desirable to detect The load and the load of descending passenger of row passenger, so, the team control main frame 10 targetedly dispatches the elevator 1.
S222, the team control main frame 10 dispatch respective counts according to first load information and second load information The elevator 1 of amount reaches the instruction input floor.
Compared with correlation technique, the multiple lift control system 100 and group control method that the present invention is provided, it is by setting First load cell 3 detects the load of each elevator holding areas and sets second load cell 4 to examine The load surveyed in the elevator 1, passes the real time data of load in load in each floor elevator holding areas and each elevator 1 The defeated load dispatch elevator for arriving the team control main frame 10 according to detection, so that elevator operating efficiency is high;By setting Put the voice interface device 7 to realize the interaction of people and the elevator 1, the passenger of guiding up-downgoing enters the electricity specified Terraced holding areas, so that elevator dispatching is accurately improved with efficiency;By setting the voice interface device 7 to be emitted in limit When interior speech recognition response requirement, screen the floor whether infecctive call so that the invalid stop for solving the elevator 1 is asked Topic, reaches energy-conservation purpose.
Embodiments of the invention are the foregoing is only, are not intended to limit the scope of the invention, it is every to utilize this hair Equivalent structure or equivalent flow conversion that bright specification and accompanying drawing content are made, or directly or indirectly it is used in other related skills Art field, is included within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (8)

1. a kind of multiple lift control system, including with the multiple elevator of operation up and down and be arranged in each floor elevator waiting halls Hall door, it is characterised in that the multiple lift control system also includes:
First load cell, is arranged at elevator holding areas as defined in before every fan hall door, for detecting elevator waiting area Load in domain, and export the first load information;
Second load cell, is connected with the elevator, for detecting the load in the elevator, and exports the second load letter Breath;
Outgoing call control panel, is arranged at every floor layer close to the wall locations of the hall door, the elevator is referred to for passenger Order inputs to produce outgoing call scheduling signals;
Inside exhale control panel, be arranged in the elevator, for the passenger in the elevator to the elevator carry out instruction input with Scheduling signals are exhaled in producing;
Voice interface device, is arranged in elevator waiting halls, for realizing passenger and the elevator voice interface;
Team control main frame, with first load cell, second load cell, the outgoing call control panel, it is described in exhale Control panel and the voice interface device are connected, and receive outgoing call scheduling signals, it is interior exhale scheduling signals, the first load information and Second load information.
2. multiple lift control system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the multiple lift control system also includes being arranged at Elevator operation elevator operation display device on the metope of the hall door, the elevator operation display dress Put and be connected with the team control main frame.
3. multiple lift control system according to claim 2, it is characterised in that the multiple lift control system also includes being arranged at Voice playing device in the elevator, the voice playing device is connected with the team control main frame.
4. multiple lift control system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that one voice interface of every layer of storey setting Device.
5. multiple lift control system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that often fan the hall door and be correspondingly arranged described in one Voice interface device.
6. multiple lift control system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that often fan the hall door and be provided with and the team control The connected touching pressure sensor of main frame, the external force size being subject to for detecting in the hall door.
7. a kind of Elevator group control method based on multiple lift control system described in claim 1, it is characterised in that including following step Suddenly:
S1, outgoing call control panel receive instruction input, and produce outgoing call scheduling signals;
S2, determine input the instruction type, the type of the instruction include upstream or downstream alternative order and on Row and descending two-way instruction;
If S21, the instruction of input are alternative order, the load cell of team control host computer control first detection instruction input building Load and the first load information of output in the elevator holding areas of layer, the second load cell of control detects negative in each elevator Carry and export the second load information;
S211, the team control main frame are dispatched according to first load information, second load information and the outgoing call to be believed The elevator of breath scheduling respective numbers reaches the instruction input floor;
If S22, the instruction of input are two-way instruction, the team control host computer control voice interface device passes through voice broadcast It is required that up passenger or descending passenger wait to the elevator holding areas of the team control host assignment, realize and distinguish up Passenger and descending passenger;
First load cell described in S221, the team control host computer control is detected where the up passenger of instruction input floor respectively Load in elevator holding areas and the first load information of output, control where load and descending passenger in elevator holding areas Second load cell detects the load in each elevator and exports the second load information;
S222, the team control main frame dispatch the electricity of respective numbers according to first load information and second load information Ladder reaches the instruction input floor.
8. Elevator group control method according to claim 7, it is characterised in that also include in step s 2:The team control master Machine controls whether have load in the elevator holding areas of the first load cell detection instruction input floor, if being not detected by Load, then voice interface device described in the team control host computer control is emitted in interior speech recognition response requirement in limited time, if in limit When interior unresponsive, then automatic outgoing call scheduling signals for cancelling elevator in the floor.
CN201710531202.2A 2017-07-03 2017-07-03 Multiple lift control system and group control method Pending CN107176510A (en)

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CN109110597A (en) * 2018-11-02 2019-01-01 天津天为电梯有限公司 A kind of novel intelligent elevator controlling management system
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