CN107161302B - Separate type submersible pneumatic shell clip forced locking device and the submersible pneumatic shell for using the locking device - Google Patents

Separate type submersible pneumatic shell clip forced locking device and the submersible pneumatic shell for using the locking device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107161302B
CN107161302B CN201710225008.1A CN201710225008A CN107161302B CN 107161302 B CN107161302 B CN 107161302B CN 201710225008 A CN201710225008 A CN 201710225008A CN 107161302 B CN107161302 B CN 107161302B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
clip
piston
locking
piston cylinder
pneumatic shell
Prior art date
Application number
CN201710225008.1A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN107161302A (en
Inventor
张建
王月阳
王芳
张猛
崔维成
唐文献
杨青松
胡勇
Original Assignee
上海海洋大学
江苏科技大学
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Application filed by 上海海洋大学, 江苏科技大学 filed Critical 上海海洋大学
Priority to CN201710225008.1A priority Critical patent/CN107161302B/en
Publication of CN107161302A publication Critical patent/CN107161302A/en
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Publication of CN107161302B publication Critical patent/CN107161302B/en

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B63SHIPS OR OTHER WATERBORNE VESSELS; RELATED EQUIPMENT
    • B63CLAUNCHING, HAULING-OUT, OR DRY-DOCKING OF VESSELS; LIFE-SAVING IN WATER; EQUIPMENT FOR DWELLING OR WORKING UNDER WATER; MEANS FOR SALVAGING OR SEARCHING FOR UNDERWATER OBJECTS
    • B63C11/00Equipment for dwelling or working underwater; Means for searching for underwater objects
    • B63C11/02Divers' equipment
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B63SHIPS OR OTHER WATERBORNE VESSELS; RELATED EQUIPMENT
    • B63CLAUNCHING, HAULING-OUT, OR DRY-DOCKING OF VESSELS; LIFE-SAVING IN WATER; EQUIPMENT FOR DWELLING OR WORKING UNDER WATER; MEANS FOR SALVAGING OR SEARCHING FOR UNDERWATER OBJECTS
    • B63C11/00Equipment for dwelling or working underwater; Means for searching for underwater objects
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B63SHIPS OR OTHER WATERBORNE VESSELS; RELATED EQUIPMENT
    • B63CLAUNCHING, HAULING-OUT, OR DRY-DOCKING OF VESSELS; LIFE-SAVING IN WATER; EQUIPMENT FOR DWELLING OR WORKING UNDER WATER; MEANS FOR SALVAGING OR SEARCHING FOR UNDERWATER OBJECTS
    • B63C11/00Equipment for dwelling or working underwater; Means for searching for underwater objects
    • B63C11/02Divers' equipment
    • B63C2011/027Shells for diving equipment, i.e. substantially rigid housings or covers, e.g. streamlined shells

Abstract

That the invention discloses a kind of locking effects is good, the separate type submersible pneumatic shell clip forced locking device of enhancing pneumatic shell safety, the mounting blocks including clip one end is arranged in, and is equipped at least one installation through-hole along clip length direction in mounting blocks;The closed piston cylinder open at one end in one end is equipped at the other end of clip, and piston cylinder open side is towards clip indentation, there, piston is equipped in piston cylinder, sealing ring is equipped between piston outer periphery and the piston inside wall of cylinder, the limited block of limitation piston position is equipped in piston cylinder close to the side of open end, location key seat is being equipped with close to the side of piston cylinder opening on piston, positioning pin is equipped in location key seat, turning set is equipped at least one check lock lever matched with installation through-hole on positioning pin, and locking boom end passes through mounting blocks and is equipped with locking nut by screw thread thereon.The invention also discloses a kind of separate type submersible pneumatic shells using above-mentioned locking device.

Description

Separate type submersible pneumatic shell clip forced locking device and using the locking device Submersible pneumatic shell

Technical field

The present invention relates to a kind of separate type submersible pneumatic shell clip forced locking device and using point of the locking device From formula submersible pneumatic shell.

Background technique

As the important component of submersible, pneumatic shell play ensure dive during internal unit work normally, with And when manned personnel health's safety effect, weight accounts for the 1/4-1/2 of submersible gross weight.Submersible is pacified in the design of pneumatic shell The performances such as Quan Xing, mobility, space utilization rate and man-machine ring have great influence.

There are mainly two types of active service submersible pressure resistance shell structures:

(1) one is the pneumatic shells being welded.Difference of the various countries in terms of the manufacturing process of titanium alloy spherical shell, mainly On half ball forming and welding procedure.One is the titanium alloy spherical shells manufactured with No. Alvin for the beauty of representative, Deng state, partly Ball forming is to use the big direct punch forming of specification slab, then use two hemisphere equator circumferential welds of electron beam welding;Another kind is Using flood dragon manned capsule spherical shell as representative, half ball forming is multiple points of valve groups to be welded into hemisphere, then weld the red of two hemisphere Road circumferential weld, welding is using manual argon arc welding of narrow gap.In addition, the Peace manned underwater vehicle of Russia is using welding work Skill: it by two hemisphere of casting by machining, is then connected by screw bolts.Pneumatic shell using welding fabrication is sealing There is advantage in performance, but pneumatic shell is once damaged, entire pneumatic shell will be replaced, and considerably increase into this way This.

(2) one is the pneumatic shells of upper and lower hemispheres separate type.There is one layer of sealing between episphere and lower semisphere, is leaned between two hemispheres Clip is fixed, and clip both ends are mainly attached locking with screw.For submersible pneumatic shell, one layer of sealing shows slightly single It is thin, once seal failure occurs, there is very big threat for deep-sea personal safety;Simultaneously as being carried out using clip and screw tight Gu when pneumatic shell is when deep-sea is by larger pressure, it may occur that a certain amount of deformation, and clip is since inside and outside is all by seawater Pressure keeps original shape, and screw-locking device cannot lock again clip, so that cannot between clip and pneumatic shell A possibility that tight contacting between, increasing the separation water inlet of upper and lower hemispheres pneumatic shell, damages wherein equipment belt, meeting when especially manned It is extremely dangerous for deep ocean work personnel.

Summary of the invention

The technical problems to be solved by the present invention are: providing, a kind of locking effect is good, enhances the separation of pneumatic shell safety Formula submersible pneumatic shell clip forced locking device.

In order to solve the above technical problems, the technical scheme adopted by the invention is as follows: a kind of separate type submersible pneumatic shell card Forced locking device is bound round, the mounting blocks including clip one end is arranged in are equipped at least one along clip length direction in mounting blocks Installation through-hole;The closed piston cylinder open at one end in one end is equipped at the other end of clip, and piston cylinder open side is lacked towards clip Mouthful place, is equipped with piston, at least one sealing ring is equipped between piston outer periphery and the piston inside wall of cylinder in piston cylinder, close in piston cylinder to open The side at mouthful end is equipped with the limited block of limitation piston position, is being equipped with location key seat close to the side of piston cylinder opening on piston, Positioning pin is equipped in location key seat, turning set is equipped at least one check lock lever matched with installation through-hole, locking on positioning pin Boom end passes through mounting blocks and is equipped with locking nut by screw thread thereon;Its other end and piston when piston one end abuts limited block Clip continues contract by distance needed for locking shell after the distance of cylinder sealed end inner wall is greater than housing distortion.

As a preferred solution, reset spring is equipped between the piston and the sealed end of piston cylinder, piston one end is tight Clip continues needed for locking shell after its other end is greater than housing distortion at a distance from piston cylinder sealed end inner wall when by limited block Contract by distance and the sum of the completely compressed length value of reset spring.

It is as a preferred solution, uniformly distributed on the side inner wall of open end in the piston cylinder that there are three fan-shaped limits Position block.

It is as a preferred solution, uniformly distributed on the side side wall of open end on the piston cylinder that there are three water inlets to lead to Hole.

As a preferred solution, piston cylinder open end inner wall is equipped with connection screw thread, sets in clip respective end There is screw boss, piston cylinder is connected by screw thread with the screw boss on clip, and screw boss center is along clip length direction Equipped with through hole, the check lock lever is passed through from through hole.

As a preferred solution, upper and lower two positioning pins are being equipped with close to the side of piston cylinder opening on the piston Seat.

As a preferred solution, piston is equal close to one side surface of piston cylinder sealed end and piston cylinder sealed end inner surface Have and be equipped with a boss, the reset spring both ends are respectively sleeved on two boss.

The beneficial effect of this forced locking device is: this automatic tightening device make piston at deep-sea by hydraulic pressure to piston cylinder When sealed end is slided, the tightening of other end clip is driven by check lock lever, locking nut, mounting blocks, guarantees that pneumatic shell and clip exist Different water depth can keep being in close contact, and locking effect is good, increase the safety of pneumatic shell;And the apparatus structure is simple, installation With convenient disassembly.

Since check lock lever and piston are by positioning pin connection, to guarantee that check lock lever can be relatively rotated with piston space, reduce Processing and installation accuracy requirement also avoid in use, check lock lever offset is so that piston motion is unsmooth.

Due to being equipped with reset spring, when so that pneumatic shell rising from deep water, clip between piston and the sealed end of piston cylinder It can quickly make a response, reduce clamping level, prevent clip tension from being supportted by pneumatic shell bad.

Due to being evenly distributed on the side inner wall of open end in piston cylinder there are three fan-shaped limited block, so that piston when locking Uniform force.

Since uniformly there are three inlet through hole on the side side wall of open end on the piston cylinder, so that piston is to water The reacting condition of pressure is more sensitive.

Due to being equipped with upper and lower two location key seats close to the side of piston cylinder opening on piston, so that the installation of positioning pin It is more firm.

Piston has close to one side surface of piston cylinder sealed end and piston cylinder sealed end inner surface equipped with a boss, described multiple Position both ends of the spring is respectively sleeved on two boss, so that the installation of reset spring is more convenient.

The present invention another the technical problem to be solved is that: provide a kind of sealing effect it is good, using safe separate type Submersible pneumatic shell.

In order to solve the above technical problems, the technical scheme adopted by the invention is as follows: a kind of separate type submersible pneumatic shell, packet Episphere, lower semisphere, clip and the locking device for locking clip are included, top through-hole is equipped at the top of episphere, is being pushed up on episphere Portion through hole is equipped with openable flat capping, puts down and is equipped with sealing ring between capping and episphere, sets between episphere and lower semisphere There is sealing ring, the locking device is any of the above-described kind of separate type submersible pneumatic shell clip forced locking device.

As a preferred solution, inside and outside two seals are equipped between the episphere and the binding face of lower semisphere, Wherein it is arranged on episphere together on another road setting lower semisphere.

The beneficial effect of this pneumatic shell is: due to separating connection type using upper and lower hemispheres, so that the installation of pneumatic shell, tearing open It unloads, replace more convenient, while being conducive to modular manufacturing.

Due to using above-mentioned forced locking device, guarantee that pneumatic shell and clip can keep closely connecing in different water depth Touching, locking effect is good, increases the safety of pneumatic shell.

Due to being equipped with inside and outside two seals between episphere and the binding face of lower semisphere, wherein being arranged together in episphere On upper another road setting lower semisphere, the sealing effect of episphere and lower semisphere is enhanced.

Detailed description of the invention

Fig. 1 is the general assembly drawing of pneumatic shell;

Fig. 2 is I enlarged drawing of Fig. 1;

Fig. 3 is II enlarged drawing of Fig. 1;

Fig. 4 is the three-dimensional figure of part-structure in forced locking device;

Fig. 5 is piston three-dimensional figure of the invention;

Fig. 6 is piston cylinder three-dimensional figure of the invention;

Fig. 1 is into Fig. 6: the flat capping of 1-, 2- screw, 3- washer, 4- sealing ring, 5- episphere, 6- lower semisphere, 7- locking Bar, 8- screw, 9- screw boss, 10- limited block, 11- piston, 12- piston cylinder, 13- reset spring, 14- sealing ring, 15- are fixed Position pin, 16- mounting blocks, 17- locking nut, 18- clip, 19- sealing ring, 20- inlet through hole.

Specific embodiment

With reference to the accompanying drawing, detailed description of the present invention specific embodiment.

As shown in figures 1 to 6, a kind of 18 forced locking device of separate type submersible pneumatic shell clip, including be arranged in clip 18 The mounting blocks 16 of one end are equipped with an installation through-hole along 18 length direction of clip in mounting blocks 16;18 other end of clip is equipped with Screw boss 9,9 center of screw boss are equipped with through hole, the closed piston cylinder 12 open at one end in one end along 18 length direction of clip Connection screw thread is equipped on the inner wall of open end, piston cylinder 12 is connected by screw thread with the screw boss 9 on clip 18.Piston cylinder It is equipped with piston 11 in 12, sets between 12 inner wall of 11 periphery of piston and piston cylinder there are three sealing ring 14, close to opening in piston cylinder 12 It is uniformly distributed there are three the fan-shaped limited block 10 of limitation 11 position of piston by screw 8 on the side inner wall at end, it is close on piston cylinder 12 It is uniformly distributed there are three inlet through hole 20 on the side side wall of open end, on piston 11 be equipped with close to the side that piston cylinder 12 is open it is upper Positioning pin 15 is equipped in lower two positioning pins 15, positioning pin 15,15 middle part turning set of positioning pin is equipped with check lock lever, check lock lever End passes through mounting blocks 16 and is equipped with locking nut 17 by screw thread thereon;

Reset spring 13 is equipped between the piston 11 and the sealed end of piston cylinder 12, piston 11 is close to 12 sealed end of piston cylinder One side surface and 12 sealed end inner surface of piston cylinder have equipped with a boss, and it is convex that 13 both ends of reset spring are respectively sleeved at two On platform.After its other end is greater than housing distortion at a distance from 12 sealed end inner wall of piston cylinder when 11 one end of piston abuts limited block 10 Clip 18 continues the sum of contract by distance and reset spring 13 completely compressed length value needed for locking shell.

As shown in figures 1 to 6, a kind of separate type submersible pneumatic shell, including episphere 5, lower semisphere 6, clip 18 and locking card The locking device of hoop 18.The locking device is above-mentioned 18 forced locking device of separate type submersible pneumatic shell clip.

It is equipped with top through-hole at the top of episphere 5, is equipped with openable flat capping 1 in top through hole on episphere 5, equals envelope Sealing ring 4 is equipped between lid 1 and episphere 5.Flat capping 1 is connect by screw 2 with episphere 5.Episphere 5 and lower semisphere 6 Inside and outside two seals 19 are equipped between binding face, wherein being arranged on episphere 5 on another road setting lower semisphere 6 together.

Before being lauched, flat capping 1 is closed, screw 2 is tightened.Episphere 5 and lower semisphere 6 are merged by clip 18, piston cylinder 12 Fixed by the screw boss 9 on screw thread and 18 one end of clip, 7 one end of check lock lever passes through mounting blocks 16 and turns locking in end Nut 17;At this point, since the check lock lever other end connects piston 11, and piston 11 pushes piston cylinder 12 further through limited block 10 is held out against And screw boss 9, to make clip 18 by 6 clamping of episphere 5 and lower semisphere.

After being lauched, since pneumatic shell is integrally pressurized, a certain amount of deformation can be generated, and clip 18 is because inside and outside is by water Pressure effect, will not generate deformation as pneumatic shell, and seawater passes through on the through hole and piston cylinder 12 in screw boss 9 at this time 3 inlet through hole 20 enter 12 open end of piston cylinder, push piston 11 mobile to sealed end, drive check lock lever 7 and and clip The synchronous tightening in the fixed one end of mounting blocks 16 on 18.And pneumatic shell entirety pressure withstanding degree is higher, is less than by the deflection that hydraulic pressure generates The clamping deflection again that hydraulic pressure generates clip 18 prevents to realize in different water depth clamping clip 18 again because of clip 18 generate gap with episphere 5 and lower semisphere 6, so that pneumatic shell is intake.

The principles and effects of the invention, and the implementation that part uses only is illustrated in the above embodiments Example, and is not intended to limit the present invention;It should be pointed out that for those of ordinary skill in the art, not departing from wound of the present invention Under the premise of making design, various modifications and improvements can be made, and these are all within the scope of protection of the present invention.

Claims (9)

1. a kind of separate type submersible pneumatic shell clip forced locking device, it is characterised in that: including clip one end is arranged in Mounting blocks are equipped at least one installation through-hole along clip length direction in mounting blocks;It is closed that one end is equipped at the other end of clip Piston cylinder open at one end, and piston cylinder open side is equipped with piston, piston outer periphery and piston towards clip indentation, there in piston cylinder It is equipped at least one sealing ring between the inside wall of cylinder, is equipped with the limited block of limitation piston position in piston cylinder close to the side of open end, It is equipped with location key seat in the side close to piston cylinder opening on piston, positioning pin, turning set on positioning pin are equipped in location key seat Equipped with the check lock lever that at least one is matched with installation through-hole, locks boom end and pass through mounting blocks and lock is equipped with by screw thread thereon Tight nut;Its other end is greater than clip after housing distortion at a distance from piston cylinder sealed end inner wall when piston one end abuts limited block Continue contract by distance needed for locking shell.
2. a kind of separate type submersible pneumatic shell clip forced locking device as described in claim 1, it is characterised in that: described Reset spring is equipped between piston and the sealed end of piston cylinder, its other end and piston cylinder sealed end when piston one end abuts limited block Contract by distance needed for the distance of inner wall continues locking shell greater than clip after housing distortion and reset spring are completely compressed The sum of length value.
3. a kind of separate type submersible pneumatic shell clip forced locking device as claimed in claim 1 or 2, it is characterised in that: It is uniformly distributed on the side inner wall of open end in the piston cylinder that there are three fan-shaped limited blocks.
4. a kind of separate type submersible pneumatic shell clip forced locking device as claimed in claim 1 or 2, it is characterised in that: It is uniformly distributed on the side side wall of open end on the piston cylinder that there are three inlet through hole.
5. a kind of separate type submersible pneumatic shell clip forced locking device as claimed in claim 3, it is characterised in that: described Piston cylinder open end inner wall is equipped with connection screw thread, and clip respective end is equipped with screw boss, and piston cylinder passes through screw thread and clip On screw boss be connected, screw boss center along clip length direction be equipped with through hole, the check lock lever is from through hole It passes through.
6. a kind of separate type submersible pneumatic shell clip forced locking device as claimed in claim 3, it is characterised in that: described Upper and lower two location key seats are being equipped with close to the side of piston cylinder opening on piston.
7. a kind of separate type submersible pneumatic shell clip forced locking device as claimed in claim 2, it is characterised in that: piston Have close to one side surface of piston cylinder sealed end and piston cylinder sealed end inner surface equipped with a boss, the reset spring both ends point It is not set on two boss.
8. a kind of separate type submersible pneumatic shell, including episphere, lower semisphere, clip and the locking device for locking clip, upper half Top dome portion is equipped with top through-hole, is equipped with openable flat capping in top through hole on episphere, puts down between capping and episphere Equipped with sealing ring, sealing ring is equipped between episphere and lower semisphere, it is characterised in that: the locking device is claim 1-7 In any separate type submersible pneumatic shell clip forced locking device.
9. a kind of separate type submersible pneumatic shell as claimed in claim 8, it is characterised in that: the episphere and lower semisphere Inside and outside two seals are equipped between binding face, wherein being arranged on episphere together, another road is arranged on lower semisphere.
CN201710225008.1A 2017-04-07 2017-04-07 Separate type submersible pneumatic shell clip forced locking device and the submersible pneumatic shell for using the locking device CN107161302B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710225008.1A CN107161302B (en) 2017-04-07 2017-04-07 Separate type submersible pneumatic shell clip forced locking device and the submersible pneumatic shell for using the locking device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710225008.1A CN107161302B (en) 2017-04-07 2017-04-07 Separate type submersible pneumatic shell clip forced locking device and the submersible pneumatic shell for using the locking device

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CN107161302A CN107161302A (en) 2017-09-15
CN107161302B true CN107161302B (en) 2019-02-15

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CN201710225008.1A CN107161302B (en) 2017-04-07 2017-04-07 Separate type submersible pneumatic shell clip forced locking device and the submersible pneumatic shell for using the locking device

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Families Citing this family (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108995784B (en) * 2018-09-12 2019-09-20 中国船舶科学研究中心(中国船舶重工集团公司第七0二研究所) A kind of deep sea equipment with string bag limiting device

Family Cites Families (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
SE427215B (en) * 1979-06-08 1983-03-14 Foerenade Fabriksverken Device related to a submarine for preventing inwards leaking of water in a torpedo stored outside the pressure hull of the submarine
CN102563064B (en) * 2011-12-31 2015-05-20 中国船舶重工集团公司第七○二研究所 Deepwater pressure-proof circular-opening flange butt-joint deadlock kickoff mechanism
CN203052035U (en) * 2013-01-05 2013-07-10 中国航空工业集团公司沈阳发动机设计研究所 Connection hoop flange structure with plane metal ring seal
CN103822034B (en) * 2014-02-27 2016-08-24 苏氏工业科学技术(北京)有限公司 A kind of sealing clamp and the attachment structure of a kind of sealing clamp mounting flange
CN103903488B (en) * 2014-04-10 2016-06-22 北京工业大学 The clip of a kind of axial seal opens horizontal deep-sea boiler-plate soon

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