CN107160192B - Radial processing clamp for cylinder - Google Patents

Radial processing clamp for cylinder Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107160192B
CN107160192B CN201710596935.4A CN201710596935A CN107160192B CN 107160192 B CN107160192 B CN 107160192B CN 201710596935 A CN201710596935 A CN 201710596935A CN 107160192 B CN107160192 B CN 107160192B
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China
Prior art keywords
block
scale
hole
cylinder
guide
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CN201710596935.4A
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CN107160192A (en
Inventor
郝婧妤
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Zhuzhou Zhenbang Technology Industrial Co ltd
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Zhuzhou Zhenbang Technology Industrial Co ltd
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q3/00Devices holding, supporting, or positioning work or tools, of a kind normally removable from the machine
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q2703/00Work clamping
    • B23Q2703/02Work clamping means
    • B23Q2703/10Devices for clamping workpieces of a particular form or made from a particular material

Abstract

The application discloses a radial cylinder machining clamp which comprises an upper fixed block and a lower rotating block matched with the upper fixed block for clamping a cylinder to be machined, wherein the upper fixed block is provided with a vertical downward machining through hole; the lower end of the upper fixing block is provided with an inverted V-shaped fixing groove, and two opposite surfaces of the inverted V-shaped fixing groove are upper clamping surfaces; the two upper clamping surfaces are symmetrical with respect to the axis of the machining through hole. By using the processing clamp disclosed by the application, the intersection of the axis of the processing through hole and the axis of the cylinder to be processed can be ensured, the processing center is automatically searched, the complicated position calibration is omitted, and the processing efficiency is improved.

Description

Radial processing clamp for cylinder
Technical Field
The application relates to a radial machining clamp for a cylinder.
Background
In the existing cylinder processing, the cylinder to be processed needs to be fixed through a clamp, and then the cylinder is processed. In particular, when the side is perforated, the clamping position needs to be repeatedly adjusted when the side passes through the axis of the cylinder, so that the machining route of the machining tool (such as a drill rod) passes through the axis of the cylinder, and the side wall of the cylinder is smooth and is not suitable for fixing, so that a great deal of time and effort are consumed in the clamping and positioning process. The prior art is urgently required to provide a radial cylinder machining clamp with high clamping efficiency, wherein the center line of a machining hole is intersected with the axial line of a cylinder to be machined.
Disclosure of Invention
The application aims to overcome the defects in the prior art and provide the radial cylinder machining clamp which is high in clamping efficiency and is used for machining the cylinder, wherein the center line of a hole is intersected with the axis line of the cylinder to be machined.
In order to achieve the above purpose, the technical scheme of the application is to provide a radial cylinder processing clamp, which comprises an upper fixed block and a lower rotating block which is matched with the upper fixed block to clamp a cylinder to be processed, wherein the upper fixed block is provided with a vertical downward processing through hole; the lower end of the upper fixing block is provided with an inverted V-shaped fixing groove, and two opposite surfaces of the inverted V-shaped fixing groove are upper clamping surfaces; the two upper clamping surfaces are symmetrical with respect to the axis of the machining through hole.
By using the processing clamp, the cylinder to be processed can be clamped in the clamp through the cooperation of the lower rotating block and the fixed block, and the two opposite surfaces of the V-shaped fixed groove are upper clamping surfaces; the two upper clamping surfaces are symmetrical relative to the axis of the machining through hole, when the lower rotating block rotates to clamp the cylinder to be machined, the axis of the machining through hole is intersected with the axis of the cylinder to be machined, the machining center is automatically found, tedious position calibration is omitted, and machining efficiency is improved. The number of the lower rotating blocks can be 2 or one symmetrically, and the axis of the processing through hole is ensured to be intersected with the axis of the cylinder to be processed through the two upper clamping surfaces because the cylinder to be processed finally is remorsed on the two upper clamping surfaces of the V-shaped fixed groove.
Preferably, the lower rotating blocks are arranged below the upper fixed block in pairs, and the lower rotating blocks arranged in pairs are symmetrical relative to the axis of the processing through hole; the upper end of the lower rotating block is rotationally connected with an upper rotating shaft, and the upper rotating shaft is fixedly connected with an upper fixing block through a connecting plate; the axis of the upper rotating shaft is perpendicular to the axis of the processing through hole; the lower rotating block is in driving connection with the rotating driving mechanism.
Such can be through lower turning block and with the cooperation of fixed block with wait to process the cylinder and press from both sides tightly in anchor clamps, because lower turning block sets up for the axis symmetry of processing through-hole, when lower turning block rotates and presss from both sides tightly waiting to process the cylinder, can further guarantee that the axis of processing through-hole intersects with the axial lead of waiting to process the cylinder, automatic search machining center has saved loaded down with trivial details position calibration, has improved machining efficiency.
Preferably, two opposite surfaces inside the pair of lower rotating blocks are lower clamping surfaces; the lower end of the upper fixing block is provided with an inverted V-shaped fixing groove, and two opposite surfaces of the inverted V-shaped fixing groove are upper clamping surfaces; the lower clamping surface and the upper clamping surface are matched to clamp a cylinder to be processed; the processing through hole is arranged at the groove top of the inverted V-shaped fixing groove. By means of the design, the cylinder to be machined is clamped in the four clamping surfaces, the four clamping surfaces are symmetrical to the axis of the machining through hole in a pair of opposite directions, the clamping is stable, and the center line of the machining through hole is ensured to intersect with the axis line of the cylinder to be machined.
Preferably, the bottoms of the lower rotating blocks arranged in pairs are respectively connected with a main driving block and a driven block in a rotating way, the main driving block and the driven block are respectively connected with the lower rotating blocks through lower rotating shafts, and the lower rotating shafts are arranged in parallel with the upper rotating shafts; the bottom of the lower rotating block is provided with a lower groove body for accommodating the main driving block and the driven block;
the main driving block is connected with the driven block through a driving rod, the driving rod comprises a threaded section and a smooth section, the threaded section is connected with the main driving block through threads, and the smooth section is rotationally connected with the driven block; limiting rings are arranged at two ends of the smooth section, which are in rotary connection with the driven block; the outer end part of the smooth section is provided with a rotating head.
The driving rod is arranged perpendicular to the lower rotating shaft; the rotary driving mechanism comprises a main driving block, a driven block, a driving rod, a limiting ring and a rotating head.
Through foretell rotation actuating mechanism, under the circumstances that need to treat the processing cylinder and press from both sides tightly, rotate the rotating head and drive screw thread section and smooth section and rotate simultaneously, screw thread section drives the inside operation of main drive piece, because smooth section and by the drive piece rotation position both ends be equipped with the spacing ring, and main drive piece and by the drive piece all with be connected by the rotation of lower rotating block bottom, so by the drive piece inwards operation simultaneously, under the drive of main drive piece and by the drive piece, two lower rotating blocks rotate around the upper rotating axial middle part and gather together, lift up the cylinder of waiting to be processed, when raising to certain height, wait to process cylinder upper portion lateral wall and upper clamping face cooperation contact, wait to process cylinder lower part lateral wall and lower clamping face cooperation contact, the centre line of centre gripping stable and assurance processing hole intersects with the axial lead of the cylinder of waiting to process.
Preferably, the upper end surface of the upper fixed block is provided with a guide disc matched with the processing through hole, the guide disc is rotationally connected with the upper fixed block, and a plurality of guide holes are uniformly distributed on the guide disc; and when the guide hole rotates to a position matched with the processing through hole, the guide hole and the processing through hole are coaxially arranged. After the cylinder to be processed is clamped by the design, the side wall of the cylinder to be processed is drilled, reamed, tapped and the like through the guide holes, and the guide plate forms various common hole diameter guide holes in the process of drilling, reamed and tapped, so that the cylinder to be processed can be selected and used quickly and conveniently.
Preferably, the upper end of the guide disc is provided with a guide rotary head, and the sizes of the plurality of guide holes are gradually changed from small to large. Such design is convenient for switch a plurality of guiding holes, adapts to different demands.
Preferably, the connecting plate is arch-shaped, the upper part of the connecting plate is respectively connected and fixed with the front end face and the rear end face of the upper fixing block, and the middle part of the connecting plate is connected with the upper rotating shaft; the bottom of the connecting plate is provided with connecting support legs; the openings in the connecting plate accommodate the passage of cylinders to be machined. According to the design, the clamp can clamp the machining cylinder instead of the machining cylinder through the connection support legs fixed on the working table or the machining center, or the connection support legs are not fixedly connected, and clamp the cylinder-shaped component which cannot be moved, so that the clamp can be used fixedly or movably, and is convenient.
Preferably, one of the two connecting plates is provided with a positioning scale, the positioning scale comprises two guide rods extending outwards along the connecting plate, and the guide rods are arranged in parallel with the upper rotating shaft; the outer end parts of the two guide rods are connected through a scale base; the guide rods are connected with a scale slider in a sliding manner, at least one surface of the two guide rods is provided with a metering scale, and the scale slider is provided with a positioning line matched with the metering scale for reading data; the lower part of the scale sliding block is also fixedly provided with a scale core rod which is in matched contact with the cylinder to be processed, the scale core rod is arranged in parallel with the guide rod, and the inner end of the scale core rod passes through the opening and is in contact with the end face of the cylinder to be processed.
By the design, the position of the machining point on the side wall of the machining cylinder in the axial direction can be positioned, and the machining precision is ensured.
Preferably, one of the two guide rods is provided with a section plane along the axial direction of the guide rod, the metering scale is arranged on the section plane, the guide rod provided with the section plane is a scale guide rod, and the other guide rod is a complete guide rod; the scale slider is provided with a full-wrapping type sliding hole matched with the complete guide rod and a half-wrapping type sliding hole matched with the scale guide rod in a sliding mode, two wrapping edges are arranged on two sides of the radial opening of the half-wrapping type sliding hole, and at least one of the two wrapping edges is provided with a positioning line. The design reads preliminary positioning data through the cooperation of the semi-wrapped sliding hole and the scale guide rod.
Preferably, the scale base is rotationally connected with a fine adjustment knob, the fine adjustment knob is provided with an annular groove rotationally connected with the scale base, the inner end of the fine adjustment knob is provided with a fine adjustment screw, and the middle part of the scale slider is provided with a fine adjustment screw through hole for accommodating the fine adjustment screw to pass through; the fine adjustment knob is provided with fine adjustment scales, and the scale base is provided with fine adjustment positioning lines matched with the fine adjustment scales for reading data. The design reads the fine-tuned positioning data through the scale base and the fine-tuning scales, so that the positioning accuracy is further improved.
Preferably, two fully-wrapped sliding holes are formed along the direction of the complete guide rod, a clutch clip accommodating groove is formed between the two fully-wrapped sliding holes, a clutch clip is arranged in the clutch clip accommodating groove, and the clutch clip comprises a front chuck which is matched and clamped with the fine adjustment screw, a sliding hole which is matched and movably connected with the complete guide rod, and a rear toggle head which drives the clutch clip to radially rotate around the complete guide rod; the front chuck is equipped with half screw thread with fine setting screw rod complex surface, be equipped with the torsional spring that promotes the separation and reunion clamp to reset between separation and reunion clamp and the separation and reunion clamp holding tank. When the cylinder to be processed is positioned, the scale slider slides on the guide rod, the cylinder to be processed is positioned by means of the data read on the section plane, the front clamping head and the fine adjustment screw are matched and clamped when the positioning is completed, batch production is facilitated, and the axial distance positioning is completed by directly contacting the processing cylinder with the scale mandrel when the cylinder to be processed is processed in the same type next time, so that the positioning effect is improved.
The application has the advantages and beneficial effects that: by using the processing clamp, the cylinder to be processed can be clamped in the clamp through the cooperation of the lower rotating block and the fixed block, and the two opposite surfaces of the V-shaped fixed groove are upper clamping surfaces; the two upper clamping surfaces are symmetrical relative to the axis of the machining through hole, when the lower rotating block rotates to clamp the cylinder to be machined, the axis of the machining through hole is intersected with the axis of the cylinder to be machined, the machining center is automatically found, tedious position calibration is omitted, and machining efficiency is improved. The number of the lower rotating blocks can be 2 or one symmetrically, and the axis of the processing through hole is ensured to be intersected with the axis of the cylinder to be processed through the two upper clamping surfaces because the cylinder to be processed finally is remorsed on the two upper clamping surfaces of the V-shaped fixed groove.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic diagram of the structure of the present application;
FIG. 2 is a schematic diagram of the structure of the present application (different view angles);
FIG. 3 is a schematic view of the structure of the present application (at a different view angle);
FIG. 4 is a schematic diagram of the mating structure of the cylinder to be processed and the fixture according to the present application;
FIG. 5 is a schematic diagram showing the position distribution of the upper fixed block and the lower rotating block;
FIG. 6 is a schematic diagram of the cooperation structure of the lower rotating block and the driving rod;
FIG. 7 is a schematic diagram of the cooperation structure of the main driving block, the driven block and the driving rod;
FIG. 8 is a schematic diagram of a confinement ring configuration;
FIG. 9 is a schematic view of the lower tank structure;
FIG. 10 is a schematic view of a positioning scale;
FIG. 11 is a schematic diagram of a connection structure of a positioning scale and a connection plate;
FIG. 12 is a schematic view of the engagement and disengagement of the clutch clip with the scale slider;
fig. 13 is a schematic view of clutch clip structure.
In the figure: 1. an upper fixing block; 2. a lower rotating block; 3. processing the through hole; 4. an upper rotating shaft; 5. a connecting plate; 6. a lower clamping surface; 7. v-shaped fixing groove; 8. an upper clamping surface; 9. a main driving block; 10. a driven block; 11. a lower rotating shaft; 13. a lower tank body; 14. a driving rod; 15. a threaded section; 16. a smooth section; 17. a limiting ring; 18. a rotating head; 19. a guide disc; 20. a guide hole; 21. guiding the rotary head; 22. a connecting support leg; 23. a scale base; 24. a scale slider; 25. metering scales; 26. a positioning line; 27. a staff gauge core rod; 28. a cross-sectional plane; 29. a scale guide bar; 30. a complete guide rod; 31. full-wrapping slide hole; 32. semi-wrapped slide hole; 33. wrapping edges; 34. a fine tuning knob; 35. an annular groove; 36. fine tuning the screw; 37. fine tuning the screw through hole; 38. fine tuning the scale; 39. fine tuning the positioning line; 40. clutch clip receiving slots; 41. a clutch clip; 42. a front chuck; 43. a slide hole; 44. a rear toggle head; 45. a half thread; 46. a torsion spring; 47. the cylinder is to be processed.
Detailed Description
The following describes the embodiments of the present application further with reference to the drawings and examples. The following examples are only for more clearly illustrating the technical aspects of the present application, and are not intended to limit the scope of the present application.
As shown in fig. 1 to 13, a cylinder radial machining fixture comprises an upper fixed block 1 and a lower rotating block 2 which is matched with the upper fixed block 1 to clamp a cylinder 47 to be machined, wherein a vertical downward machining through hole 3 is formed in the upper fixed block 1; the lower end of the upper fixing block 1 is provided with an inverted V-shaped fixing groove 7, and two opposite surfaces of the inverted V-shaped fixing groove 7 are upper clamping surfaces 8; the two upper clamping surfaces 8 are symmetrical with respect to the axis of the machining through hole.
The lower rotating blocks 2 are arranged below the upper fixed block 1 in pairs, and the lower rotating blocks 2 arranged in pairs are symmetrical relative to the axis of the processing through hole 3; the upper end of the lower rotating block 2 is rotationally connected with an upper rotating shaft 4, and the upper rotating shaft 4 is fixedly connected with the upper fixed block 1 through a connecting plate 5; the axis of the upper rotating shaft 4 is perpendicular to the axis of the processing through hole 3; the lower rotating block 2 is in driving connection with a rotating driving mechanism.
The two opposite surfaces of the inner sides of the lower rotating blocks 2 arranged in pairs are lower clamping surfaces 6; the lower clamping surface 6 and the upper clamping surface 8 cooperate to clamp the cylinder 47 to be machined.
The bottoms of the paired lower rotating blocks 2 are respectively connected with a main driving block 9 and a driven block 10 in a rotating way, the main driving block 9 and the driven block 10 are respectively connected with the lower rotating blocks 2 through lower rotating shafts 11, and the lower rotating shafts 11 are arranged in parallel with the upper rotating shafts 4; the bottom of the lower rotating block 2 is provided with a lower groove body 13 for accommodating the main driving block 9 and the driven block 10;
the main driving block 9 and the driven block 10 are connected through a driving rod 14, the driving rod 14 comprises a threaded section 15 and a smooth section 16, the threaded section 15 is connected with the main driving block 9 through threads, and the smooth section 16 is connected with the driven block 10 in a rotating way; limiting rings 17 are arranged at two ends of the smooth section 16, which are in rotary connection with the driven block 10; the outer end part of the smooth section 16 is provided with a rotating head 18;
the driving rod 14 is arranged vertically to the lower rotating shaft 11; the rotation driving mechanism comprises a main driving block 9, a driven block 10, a driving rod 14, a limiting ring 17 and a rotating head 18.
The upper end face of the upper fixed block 1 is provided with a guide disc 19 matched with the processing through hole 3, the guide disc 19 is rotationally connected with the upper fixed block 1, and a plurality of guide holes 20 are uniformly distributed on the guide disc 19; when the guide hole 20 rotates to a position matched with the processing through hole 3, the guide hole 20 and the processing through hole 3 are coaxially arranged.
The upper end of the guide disc 19 is provided with a guide rotary head 21, and the sizes of the plurality of guide holes 20 are gradually changed from small to large.
The connecting plate 5 is arch-shaped, the upper parts of the connecting plates 5 are respectively connected and fixed with the front end face and the rear end face of the upper fixed block 1, and the middle parts of the connecting plates 5 are connected with the upper rotating shaft 4; the bottom of the connecting plate 5 is provided with connecting legs 22; the openings in the connecting plate 5 accommodate the passage of cylinders 47 to be machined.
One of the two connecting plates 5 is provided with a positioning scale which comprises two guide rods extending outwards along the connecting plate 5, and the guide rods are arranged in parallel with the upper rotating shaft 4; the outer ends of the two guide rods are connected through a scale base 23; the guide rods are connected with a scale slide block 24 in a sliding manner, at least one surface of the two guide rods is provided with a metering scale 25, and the scale slide block 24 is provided with a positioning line 26 matched with the metering scale 25 for reading data; the lower part of the scale sliding block 24 is also fixed with a scale core rod 27 which is in matched contact with the cylinder 47 to be processed, the scale core rod 27 is arranged in parallel with the guide rod, and the inner end of the scale core rod 27 passes through the opening and is in contact with the end face of the cylinder 47 to be processed.
One of the two guide rods is provided with a section plane 28 along the axial direction, the metering scale 25 is arranged on the section plane 28, the guide rod provided with the section plane 28 is a scale guide rod 29, and the other guide rod is a complete guide rod 30; the scale slider 24 is provided with a full-wrapping sliding hole 31 matched with the complete guide rod 30 and a half-wrapping sliding hole 32 matched with the scale guide rod 29 for sliding, two wrapping edges 33 are arranged on two sides of a radial opening of the half-wrapping sliding hole 32, and at least one of the two wrapping edges 33 is provided with a positioning line 26.
The scale base 23 is rotatably connected with a fine adjustment knob 34, the fine adjustment knob 34 is provided with an annular groove 35 which is rotatably connected with the scale base 23, the inner end of the fine adjustment knob 34 is provided with a fine adjustment screw 36, and the middle part of the scale slide block 24 is provided with a fine adjustment screw through hole 37 which is used for accommodating the fine adjustment screw 36 to pass through; the fine tuning knob 34 is provided with a fine tuning scale 38, and the scale base 23 is provided with a fine tuning positioning line 39 which is matched with the fine tuning scale 38 for reading data.
The two fully-wrapped sliding holes 31 are arranged along the direction of the complete guide rod 30, a clutch clip 41 accommodating groove 40 is arranged between the two fully-wrapped sliding holes 31, a clutch clip 41 is arranged in the clutch clip 41 accommodating groove 40, 10 the clutch clip 41 comprises a front clamping head 42 matched and clamped with the fine adjustment screw 36, a sliding hole 43 matched and movably connected (rotating and sliding) with the complete guide rod 30, and a rear toggle head 44 for driving the clutch clip 41 to radially rotate around the complete guide rod 30; the surface of the front chuck 42 matched with the fine adjustment screw 36 is provided with a half thread 45, and a torsion spring 46 for pushing the clutch clamp 41 to reset is arranged between the clutch clamp 41 and the clutch clamp 41 accommodating groove 40.
Example 1
The cylinder radial machining clamp comprises an upper fixed block 1 and a lower rotating block 2 which is matched with the upper fixed block 1 to clamp a cylinder 47 to be machined, wherein a vertical downward machining through hole 3 is formed in the upper fixed block 1; the lower rotating blocks 2 are arranged below the upper fixed block 1 in pairs, and the lower rotating blocks 2 arranged in pairs are symmetrical relative to the axis of the processing through hole 3; the upper end of the lower rotating block 2 is rotationally connected with an upper rotating shaft 4, and the upper rotating shaft 4 is fixedly connected with the upper fixed block 1 through a connecting plate 5; the axis of the upper rotating shaft 4 is perpendicular to the axis of the processing through hole 3; the lower rotating block 2 is in driving connection with a rotating driving mechanism.
The two opposite surfaces of the inner sides of the lower rotating blocks 2 arranged in pairs are lower clamping surfaces 6; the lower end of the upper fixing block 1 is provided with an inverted V-shaped fixing groove 7, and two opposite surfaces of the inverted V-shaped fixing groove 7 are upper clamping surfaces 8; the lower clamping surface 6 and the upper clamping surface 8 cooperate to clamp the cylinder 47 to be machined; the processing through hole 3 is arranged at the groove top of the inverted V-shaped fixing groove 7.
The bottoms of the paired lower rotating blocks 2 are respectively connected with a main driving block 9 and a driven block 10 in a rotating way, the main driving block 9 and the driven block 10 are respectively connected with the lower rotating blocks 2 through lower rotating shafts 11, and the lower rotating shafts 11 are arranged in parallel with the upper rotating shafts 4; the bottom of the lower rotating block 2 is provided with a lower groove body 13 for accommodating the main driving block 9 and the driven block 10;
the main driving block 9 and the driven block 10 are connected through a driving rod 14, the driving rod 14 comprises a threaded section 15 and a smooth section 16, the threaded section 15 is connected with the main driving block 9 through threads, and the smooth section 16 is connected with the driven block 10 in a rotating way; limiting rings 17 are arranged at two ends of the smooth section 16, which are in rotary connection with the driven block 10; the outer end part of the smooth section 16 is provided with a rotating head 18;
the driving rod 14 is arranged vertically to the lower rotating shaft 11; the rotation driving mechanism comprises a main driving block 9, a driven block 10, a driving rod 14, a limiting ring 17 and a rotating head 18.
When the cylindrical workpiece 47 is used, the cylindrical workpiece 47 is placed between the upper fixed block 1 and the lower rotating block 2, the rotating head 18 rotates, the rotating head 18 drives the threaded section 15 and the smooth section 16 to rotate simultaneously, the threaded section 15 drives the main driving block 9 to move inwards, as the two ends of the rotating positions of the smooth section 16 and the driven block 10 are provided with the limiting rings 17, and the main driving block 9 and the driven block 10 are both rotationally connected with the bottom of the lower rotating block 2, the driven block 10 moves inwards simultaneously, the two lower rotating blocks 2 rotate together around the upper rotating shaft 4 under the driving of the main driving block 9 and the driven block 10 to the middle part, the cylindrical workpiece 47 is lifted upwards, when the cylindrical workpiece 47 is lifted to a certain height, the upper side wall of the cylindrical workpiece 47 is contacted with the upper clamping surface 8 in a matched manner, the lower side wall of the cylindrical workpiece 47 is contacted with the lower clamping surface 6 in a matched manner, the cylindrical workpiece 47 is clamped in four clamping surfaces, and the two upper clamping surfaces 8 and the two lower clamping surfaces 6 are respectively symmetrical relative to the axis of the processing through hole 3, and the axes of the cylindrical workpiece are stably clamped and ensured to intersect with the axis of the cylindrical workpiece.
The rotary head 18 is then screwed down so that the cylinder 47 to be machined is clamped and the side wall of the cylinder to be machined is machined through the machining through hole 3.
Example 2
As a further optimization of the embodiment 1, the upper end surface of the upper fixed block 1 is provided with a guide disc 19 matched with the processing through hole 3, the guide disc 19 is rotationally connected with the upper fixed block 1, and a plurality of guide holes 20 are uniformly distributed on the guide disc 19; when the guide hole 20 rotates to a position matched with the processing through hole 3, the guide hole 20 and the processing through hole 3 are coaxially arranged.
The upper end of the guide disc 19 is provided with a guide rotary head 21, and the sizes of the plurality of guide holes 20 are gradually changed from small to large.
After the cylinder 47 to be machined is clamped, the side wall of the cylinder 47 to be machined is drilled, reamed, tapped and the like through the guide holes 20, and the guide disc 19 forms various common hole diameter guide holes in the process of drilling, reamed and tapped, so that the cylinder 47 to be machined can be quickly and conveniently selected for use.
Example 3
As a further optimization of the embodiment 2, the connecting plate 5 is arch-shaped, the upper parts of the connecting plate 5 are respectively connected and fixed with the front end face and the rear end face of the upper fixing block 1, and the middle part of the connecting plate 5 is connected with the upper rotating shaft 4; the bottom of the connecting plate 5 is provided with connecting legs 22; the openings in the connecting plate 5 accommodate the passage of cylinders 47 to be machined. Besides the movable part, the fixture can also correspondingly process the immovable part.
The clamp can be fixed on a working table of a processing machine tool through the connecting support legs 22 to clamp a processing cylinder, or the connecting support legs 22 are not fixedly connected to clamp a cylinder-shaped component which cannot be moved, so that the clamp can be used fixedly or movably, and is convenient.
And the jig may be fixed to a table of a machine tool for batch machining by the connecting legs 22.
Or the connecting support legs 22 are not fixedly connected, and are manually moved among a plurality of machine tools to finish the processing steps of drilling, reaming, tapping and the like at one time.
When the connecting support legs 22 are not fixedly connected, the immovable cylindrical parts can be clamped, so that the clamp can be used fixedly or movably, and is convenient.
For single-piece or small-batch processing, a large amount of position calibration time is saved, and the processing can be performed in place at one time.
Example 4
As a further optimization of embodiment 3, one of the two connection plates 5 is provided with a positioning scale comprising two guide bars extending outwards along the connection plate 5, said guide bars being arranged parallel to the upper rotation shaft 4; the outer ends of the two guide rods are connected through a scale base 23; the guide rods are connected with a scale slide block 24 in a sliding manner, at least one surface of the two guide rods is provided with a metering scale 25, and the scale slide block 24 is provided with a positioning line 26 matched with the metering scale 25 for reading data; the lower part of the scale sliding block 24 is also fixed with a scale core rod 27 which is in matched contact with the cylinder 47 to be processed, the scale core rod 27 is arranged in parallel with the guide rod, and the inner end of the scale core rod 27 passes through the opening and is in contact with the end face of the cylinder 47 to be processed.
One of the two guide rods is provided with a section plane 28 along the axial direction, the metering scale 25 is arranged on the section plane 28, the guide rod provided with the section plane 28 is a scale guide rod 29, and the other guide rod is a complete guide rod 30; the scale slider 24 is provided with a full-wrapping sliding hole 31 matched with the complete guide rod 30 and a half-wrapping sliding hole 32 matched with the scale guide rod 29 for sliding, two wrapping edges 33 are arranged on two sides of a radial opening of the half-wrapping sliding hole 32, and at least one of the two wrapping edges 33 is provided with a positioning line 26.
When the gauge slide block 24 is used, the gauge slide block 24 is slid firstly, the positioning line 26 and the measuring scale 25 are matched and positioned, then the cylinder to be processed is put into the opening, the end face of the cylinder 47 to be processed is matched and contacted with the gauge core rod 27, and the axial position of the cylinder to be processed is positioned. The structural design of the semi-wrapped sliding hole 32 and the scale guide rod 29 can not only meet the guiding function, but also realize scale reading through the radial opening of the semi-wrapped sliding hole 32. The section plane 28 is designed as an inclined plane, facilitating the reading of data.
Example 5
As a further optimization of the embodiment 4, the scale base 23 is rotatably connected with a fine tuning knob 34, the fine tuning knob 34 is provided with an annular groove 35 rotatably connected with the scale base 23, the inner end of the fine tuning knob 34 is provided with a fine tuning screw 36, and the middle part of the scale slider 24 is provided with a fine tuning screw through hole 37 for accommodating the fine tuning screw 36 to pass through; the fine tuning knob 34 is provided with a fine tuning scale 38, and the scale base 23 is provided with a fine tuning positioning line 39 which is matched with the fine tuning scale 38 for reading data.
The two fully-wrapped sliding holes 31 are arranged along the direction of the complete guide rod 30, a clutch clamp 41 accommodating groove 40 is arranged between the two fully-wrapped sliding holes 31, a clutch clamp 41 is arranged in the clutch clamp 41 accommodating groove 40, and the clutch clamp 41 comprises a front clamping head 42 matched and clamped with the fine adjustment screw 36, a sliding hole 43 matched and movably connected with the complete guide rod 30 and a rear toggle head 44 for driving the clutch clamp 41 to radially rotate around the complete guide rod 30; the surface of the front chuck 42 matched with the fine adjustment screw 36 is provided with a half thread 45, and a torsion spring 46 for pushing the clutch clamp 41 to reset is arranged between the clutch clamp 41 and the clutch clamp 41 accommodating groove 40.
In order to fix the position of the scale slider 24 conveniently, a clutch clip 41 is designed in the scale slider 24, a half thread 45 is arranged on the surface of a front chuck 42 of the clutch clip 41 matched with the fine adjustment screw 36, pressure is applied by means of elasticity of a torsion spring 46, screw transmission is formed by the fine adjustment screw 36 and the half thread 45 when the fine adjustment knob 34 rotates, fine adjustment is performed on the scale slider 24, and the precision can be controlled to be 0.01 millimeter. When the preliminary positioning data is set to slide the scale slider 24 on the guide bar, the front chuck 42 needs to be quickly separated from the fine adjustment screw 36 by applying force to the rear toggle head 44, and the fine adjustment is performed in quick fit. The positioning efficiency is higher. The positioning scale can be in various forms as long as axial positioning and adjustment can be realized.
The foregoing is merely a preferred embodiment of the present application, and it should be noted that it will be apparent to those skilled in the art that modifications and variations can be made without departing from the technical principles of the present application, and these modifications and variations should also be regarded as the scope of the application.

Claims (8)

1. The utility model provides a cylinder radial processing anchor clamps which characterized in that: the cylinder clamping device comprises an upper fixed block and a lower rotating block which is matched with the upper fixed block to clamp a cylinder to be machined, wherein the upper fixed block is provided with a vertical downward machining through hole; the lower end of the upper fixing block is provided with an inverted V-shaped fixing groove, and two opposite surfaces of the inverted V-shaped fixing groove are upper clamping surfaces; the two upper clamping surfaces are symmetrical relative to the axis of the processing through hole;
the lower rotating blocks are arranged below the upper fixed blocks in pairs, and the lower rotating blocks arranged in pairs are symmetrical relative to the axis of the processing through hole; the upper end of the lower rotating block is rotationally connected with an upper rotating shaft, and the upper rotating shaft is fixedly connected with an upper fixing block through a connecting plate; the axis of the upper rotating shaft is perpendicular to the axis of the processing through hole; the lower rotating block is in driving connection with the rotating driving mechanism;
the two opposite surfaces of the inner sides of the lower rotating blocks arranged in pairs are lower clamping surfaces; the lower clamping surface and the upper clamping surface are matched to clamp a cylinder to be processed;
the bottoms of the paired lower rotating blocks are respectively connected with a main driving block and a driven block in a rotating way, the main driving block and the driven block are respectively connected with the lower rotating blocks through lower rotating shafts, and the lower rotating shafts are arranged in parallel with the upper rotating shafts; the bottom of the lower rotating block is provided with a lower groove body for accommodating the main driving block and the driven block;
the main driving block is connected with the driven block through a driving rod, the driving rod comprises a threaded section and a smooth section, the threaded section is connected with the main driving block through threads, and the smooth section is rotationally connected with the driven block; limiting rings are arranged at two ends of the smooth section, which are in rotary connection with the driven block; the outer end part of the smooth section is provided with a rotating head;
the driving rod is arranged perpendicular to the lower rotating shaft; the rotary driving mechanism comprises a main driving block, a driven block, a driving rod, a limiting ring and a rotating head.
2. The cylinder radial processing jig of claim 1, wherein: the upper end face of the upper fixed block is provided with a guide disc matched with the processing through hole, the guide disc is rotationally connected with the upper fixed block, and a plurality of guide holes are uniformly distributed on the guide disc; and when the guide hole rotates to a position matched with the processing through hole, the guide hole and the processing through hole are coaxially arranged.
3. The cylinder radial processing jig of claim 2, wherein: the upper end of the guide disc is provided with a guide rotary head, and the sizes of the guide holes are gradually changed from small to large.
4. A cylindrical radial machining fixture as claimed in claim 3, wherein: the connecting plate is arch-shaped, the upper parts of the connecting plates are respectively connected and fixed with the front end face and the rear end face of the upper fixing block, and the middle parts of the connecting plates are connected with the upper rotating shaft; the bottom of the connecting plate is provided with connecting support legs; the openings in the connecting plate accommodate the passage of cylinders to be machined.
5. The cylinder radial processing jig of claim 4, wherein: one of the two connecting plates is provided with a positioning scale which comprises two guide rods extending outwards along the connecting plate, and the guide rods are arranged in parallel with the upper rotating shaft; the outer end parts of the two guide rods are connected through a scale base; the guide rods are connected with a scale slider in a sliding manner, at least one surface of the two guide rods is provided with a metering scale, and the scale slider is provided with a positioning line matched with the metering scale for reading data; the lower part of the scale sliding block is also fixedly provided with a scale core rod which is in matched contact with the cylinder to be processed, the scale core rod is arranged in parallel with the guide rod, and the inner end of the scale core rod passes through the opening and is in contact with the end face of the cylinder to be processed.
6. The cylinder radial processing jig of claim 5, wherein: one of the two guide rods is provided with a section plane along the axial direction of the guide rod, the metering scale is arranged on the section plane, the guide rod provided with the section plane is a scale guide rod, and the other guide rod is a complete guide rod; the scale slider is provided with a full-wrapping type sliding hole matched with the complete guide rod and a half-wrapping type sliding hole matched with the scale guide rod in a sliding mode, two wrapping edges are arranged on two sides of the radial opening of the half-wrapping type sliding hole, and at least one of the two wrapping edges is provided with a positioning line.
7. The cylinder radial processing jig of claim 6, wherein: the scale base is rotationally connected with a fine tuning knob, the fine tuning knob is provided with an annular groove rotationally connected with the scale base, the inner end of the fine tuning knob is provided with a fine tuning screw, and the middle part of the scale slider is provided with a fine tuning screw through hole for accommodating the fine tuning screw to pass through; the fine adjustment knob is provided with fine adjustment scales, and the scale base is provided with fine adjustment positioning lines matched with the fine adjustment scales for reading data.
8. The cylinder radial processing jig of claim 7, wherein: the fully-wrapped sliding holes are arranged in the direction of the complete guide rod, a clutch clip accommodating groove is formed between the two fully-wrapped sliding holes, a clutch clip is arranged in the clutch clip accommodating groove, and the clutch clip comprises a front chuck which is matched and clamped with the fine adjustment screw, a sliding hole which is matched and movably connected with the complete guide rod, and a rear toggle head which drives the clutch clip to radially rotate around the complete guide rod; the front chuck is equipped with half screw thread with fine setting screw rod complex surface, be equipped with the torsional spring that promotes the separation and reunion clamp to reset between separation and reunion clamp and the separation and reunion clamp holding tank.
CN201710596935.4A 2017-07-20 2017-07-20 Radial processing clamp for cylinder Active CN107160192B (en)

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
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CN109725603A (en) * 2017-10-30 2019-05-07 富鼎电子科技(嘉善)有限公司 Numerical control processing apparatus, method and storage equipment
CN108381224A (en) * 2018-04-18 2018-08-10 沈阳机床(东莞)智能装备有限公司 A kind of the XY axis location structure and fixture of fixture
CN113334107A (en) * 2021-07-21 2021-09-03 童超 Reinforcing bar clamping instrument for building engineering

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US4614464A (en) * 1985-07-12 1986-09-30 Christensen Harry N Adjustable jig for hole formation
JPH0679566A (en) * 1992-08-31 1994-03-22 Honda Motor Co Ltd Positioning and holding device of crankshaft
RU2111330C1 (en) * 1996-12-23 1998-05-20 Забайкальская железная дорога Device for attachment of telemetering instrument on railway car automatic coupling
DE102006046863A1 (en) * 2006-09-29 2008-04-03 Schenke, Rüdiger Clamping device e.g. for five-axial-milling machine, has two fixed clamping block whereby introduction of clamping force takes place through spindle in upper range of clamping blocks
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