CN107150265A - Sharpening machine - Google Patents

Sharpening machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107150265A
CN107150265A CN201710529320.XA CN201710529320A CN107150265A CN 107150265 A CN107150265 A CN 107150265A CN 201710529320 A CN201710529320 A CN 201710529320A CN 107150265 A CN107150265 A CN 107150265A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
blade
skiving
swing
toolholder assembly
emery wheel
Prior art date
Application number
CN201710529320.XA
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
兰如林
Original Assignee
兰如林
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 兰如林 filed Critical 兰如林
Priority to CN201510719115.0A priority Critical patent/CN105328519B/en
Priority to CN201710529320.XA priority patent/CN107150265A/en
Publication of CN107150265A publication Critical patent/CN107150265A/en

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B3/00Sharpening cutting edges, e.g. of tools; Accessories therefor, e.g. for holding the tools
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B41/00Component parts such as frames, beds, carriages, headstocks
    • B24B41/06Work supports, e.g. adjustable steadies
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B47/00Drives or gearings; Equipment therefor
    • B24B47/20Drives or gearings; Equipment therefor relating to feed movement
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B49/00Measuring or gauging equipment for controlling the feed movement of the grinding tool or work; Arrangements of indicating or measuring equipment, e.g. for indicating the start of the grinding operation
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B55/00Safety devices for grinding or polishing machines; Accessories fitted to grinding or polishing machines for keeping tools or parts of the machine in good working condition

Abstract

The present invention provides the sharpening machine for being automatically positioned the skiving position of key and cushioning effect being played in position fixing process.The sharpening machine of the present invention, including blade, grinding wheel component, toolholder assembly and transmission component, early stage needs first to adjust and positioning action is in the blade skiving straight line of whole skiving operation, after blade is positioned at toolholder assembly, completion early stage is accused manually to prepare, toolholder assembly and grinding wheel component can be automatic against and then the determination for the skiving position that declares to be finished.Blade inductor plays a part of buffering and protects blade when positioning skiving position, and specifically because blade need to pass through the stroke of blade inductor floating bit, conveniently position fixing process can be controlled by locating part in the process.Furtherly the accuracy of exactly positioning and skiving operation is high, and then bringing only needs single feeding to complete skiving, improves the advantage of operating efficiency.

Description

Sharpening machine
The application is to Chinese invention patent application number:201510719115.0, the applying date:On October 29th, 2015, name Claim:The divisional application of sharpening machine.
Technical field
The present invention relates to the device of skiving blade, referred to as knife sharpener, or sharpening machine.
Background technology
Blade is in use, it may appear that abrasion or breach to its skiving, it is necessary to make its recovery sharp, and skiving operation is needed What is wanted is how to be accurately positioned blade, and the skiving position for making it accurately pass through emery wheel, to complete skiving in high quality Operation.
The content of the invention
For this purpose, the present invention provides the skiving position for being automatically positioned key and cushioning effect is played in position fixing process Sharpening machine.
The technical scheme that the present invention is provided is:Sharpening machine, including blade, grinding wheel component, toolholder assembly and transmission component, Blade includes blade skiving amount of thickness and blade skiving straight line, and blade skiving amount of thickness and blade skiving straight line are preset, sand The entirety of wheel assembly is static, and grinding wheel component includes emery wheel, blade inductor, and emery wheel has emery wheel skiving position, and emery wheel skiving position is made For skiving blade, blade inductor includes locating part, swing component and blade inductor swing path, and blade inductor is swung Path is in camber line, and the two ends of blade inductor swing path include blade inductor floating bit and blade inductor skiving position, limit Position part is located in blade inductor swing path, and blade inductor skiving position is limited to locating part, blade inductor floating bit and Include blade inductor amount of floating between blade inductor skiving position, blade inductor amount of floating is equal to blade skiving amount of thickness, There is toolholder assembly toolholder assembly to feed path, and toolholder assembly is fed path linearly, and toolholder assembly is fed along toolholder assembly Path feeds and resetted, and the adjustable fore-and-aft clearance and positioning relative to grinding wheel component of toolholder assembly, toolholder assembly can adjust phase For grinding wheel component between the upper and lower away from and position, toolholder assembly include be close to all the time grinding wheel component toolholder assembly promote Part, toolholder assembly along toolholder assembly feed path feeding when:Blade and toolholder assembly positioning assembling;Blade and blade inductor The positioning assembling of skiving position;Toolholder assembly and grinding wheel component abut assembling;Blade skiving straight line, blade inductor skiving position and Emery wheel skiving position is in same straight line.
The sharpening machine of the present invention, early stage needs first to adjust and positioning action is in the blade skiving straight line of whole skiving operation, After blade is positioned at toolholder assembly, that is, accuses and complete early stage and manually prepare, toolholder assembly and grinding wheel component can be automatic against entering And the determination for the skiving position that declares to be finished.Blade inductor plays a part of buffering and protects blade, specifically when positioning skiving position For be because blade need to pass through blade inductor floating bit stroke, in the process can conveniently by locating part to positioning Journey is controlled.Furtherly the accuracy of exactly positioning and skiving operation is high, and then bringing only needs single feeding to complete Skiving, improves the advantage of operating efficiency.
The present invention is described in further detail with reference to the accompanying drawings and examples.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the structure chart of the sharpening machine entirety of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is one of local structural graph of grinding wheel component 100 of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is the two of the local structural graph of the grinding wheel component 100 of the present invention;
Fig. 4 is the local structural graph of the blade inductor 102 of the present invention;
Fig. 5 is one of local structural graph of toolholder assembly 200 of the present invention;
Fig. 6 is the two of the local structural graph of the toolholder assembly 200 of the present invention;
Fig. 7 is one of local structural graph of transmission component 300 of the present invention;
Fig. 8 is the two of the local structural graph of the transmission component 300 of the present invention;
Fig. 9 is one of operation logic schematic diagram of sharpening machine of the present invention;
Figure 10 is the two of the operation logic schematic diagram of the sharpening machine of the present invention;
Figure 11 is the operation logic schematic diagram of the blade inductor 102 of the present invention;
Figure 12 is the operation logic schematic diagram of the emery wheel indicator 111 of the present invention;
Figure 13 is the operation logic schematic diagram of the blade leveling block 215 of the present invention;
Accompanying drawing is indicated:
100th, grinding wheel component, 101, emery wheel, 102, blade inductor, 103, regulating block, 104, blade sensing extension spring, 105, Locating part, 106, swing component, 107, guiding piece, 108, swing pivot, 109, guiding straight line, 110, swing straight line, 111, emery wheel Indicator, 112, indication piece, 113, collision piece, 117, track before and after emery wheel, 118, regulating block before and after emery wheel, 127, above and below emery wheel Track, 128, regulating block above and below emery wheel, 140, support end, 150, swinging end, the 180, first reference block, the 181, second reference block, 190th, grinding carriage, 191, grinding wheel drive mitor;
200th, toolholder assembly, 201, cutter holder pedestal, 202, quick clip, 203, lower cutter holder, 204, upper cutter holder, 205, connection Block, 206, bulb, 207, ball cover, 208, ball cover ring, 209, spacing ring, 210, swing gap, 211, lower anchor ring, 212, recessed Groove, 213, upper anchor ring, 214, upper groove, 215, blade leveling block, 216, leveling plane, the 217, first magnet, 218, second Magnet, 219, vertical pole, 220, cross bar, 221, cutter holder swing component, 222, swing joining beam, 223, swing lateral pin, 224, swing piece, 225th, extension spring is swung, 226, swing point, 227, swing space, 260, bistrique, 261, sliding block, 262, chute, 263, first is spacing Block, the 264, second limited block, 265, sliding block space, 270, sleeve extension spring, 280, toolholder assembly impeller;
300th, transmission component, 301, servomotor, 302, screw rod, 303, sleeve, 304, sleeve openings;
400th, blade;
900th, frame, 910, spacing cross bar;
A, blade skiving straight line, b, emery wheel skiving position, c, blade inductor skiving position, d, blade inductor floating bit, f, Toolholder assembly is fed path, j, indicating bit, k, separation position, l, leveling position, m, recovery position, q, blade inductor swing path.
Embodiment
The sharpening machine that Fig. 1 to Figure 13 is represented, including blade 400, grinding wheel component 100, toolholder assembly 200 and transmission component 300, also having certainly is used to install their frame 900, and blade 400 includes blade skiving amount of thickness and blade skiving straight line a, knife Sword skiving amount of thickness and blade skiving straight line a are preset, blade skiving straight line a refer to skiving it is good after blade 400 formed Cutting edge straight line, different cutters are different due to its moulding, and the angles and positions for being positioned at toolholder assembly are all not quite similar, so knife Sword skiving straight line a is required for predefining.And blade skiving amount of thickness has directly with the operation logic of blade inductor 102 described later Contact is connect, is also that needs are pre-adjusted.
Grinding wheel component 100 installs the grinding carriage 190 and grinding wheel drive mitor 191 of thing based on including.
The entirety of grinding wheel component 100 is static, its is static be meant that its emery wheel 101 and blade inductor 102 are all can be with Adjusting position, but be that can be fixed positioned on grinding carriage 190 after regulation is finished, therefore it is generally speaking relative to grinding carriage 190 is static, and the entirety of grinding wheel component 100 is stiff with respect to toolholder assembly 200 in skiving blade.
Grinding wheel component 100 includes emery wheel 101, blade inductor 102, and emery wheel 101 has emery wheel skiving position b, emery wheel skiving Position b is the position of the directly contact blade 400 of emery wheel 101, can be regarded as some point, emery wheel in the integral outer ring of emery wheel 101 Skiving position b acts on skiving blade 400.
Emery wheel 101 can coordinate to complete relative to emery wheel by regulating block 118 before and after track before and after emery wheel 117 and emery wheel The front and rear regulation of frame 190 is simultaneously positioned, emery wheel 101 can by above and below lower railway on emery wheel 127 and emery wheel regulating block 128 coordinate come Complete the regulation up and down relative to grinding carriage 190 and position.The entirety of above-mentioned emery wheel 101 and grinding wheel drive mitor 191 can be adjusted together It is whole, drive emery wheel 101 to operate by grinding wheel drive mitor 191.
Blade inductor 102 includes locating part 105, swing component 106 and blade inductor swing path q, blade sensing Device swing path q is in camber line, and blade inductor swing path q two ends include blade inductor floating bit d and blade inductor Skiving position c, locating part 105 is located on blade inductor swing path q, and blade inductor skiving position c is limited to locating part 105, Include blade inductor amount of floating, blade inductor amount of floating between blade inductor floating bit d and blade inductor skiving position c Equal to blade skiving amount of thickness.Blade 400 only has process blade inductor floating bit d to get to blade inductor and cut during skiving Grinding position c, skiving rear knife edge inductor skiving position c and emery wheel skiving position b can be simultaneously against the blade for protruding from toolholder assembly 200 400。
There is toolholder assembly 200 toolholder assembly to feed path f, and toolholder assembly feeds path f linearly, toolholder assembly 200 F feedings are fed path along toolholder assembly and are resetted, and with the feeding of toolholder assembly 200, blade 400 is straight also along blade skiving Line a feed and in emery wheel skiving position b skivings.
The adjustable fore-and-aft clearance and positioning relative to grinding wheel component 100 of toolholder assembly 200, toolholder assembly 200 can adjust Relative to grinding wheel component 100 between the upper and lower away from and position, toolholder assembly 200 includes being close to the knife of grinding wheel component 100 all the time Clip assembly impeller 280, the regulation of fore-and-aft clearance up and down of toolholder assembly 200 is similar to the adjustment structure and original of foregoing emery wheel 101 Reason, blade 400 just can be loaded and unloaded if overcoming the effect of toolholder assembly impeller 280 from toolholder assembly 200.
It is that toolholder assembly 200 feeds path f along toolholder assembly that the above-mentioned correlation referred to during part operation, which is summarized, During feeding:Blade 400 and the positioning assembling of toolholder assembly 200;Blade 400 and the c positioning assemblings of blade inductor skiving position;Cutter holder group Part 200 and grinding wheel component 100 abut assembling;At blade skiving straight line a, blade inductor skiving position c and emery wheel skiving position b In same straight line.
Blade inductor 102 can accurately limit blade skiving operation, and its concrete structure is:Blade inductor 102 includes Regulating block 103, blade sensing extension spring 104, locating part 105 are fixedly mounted on regulating block 103, and swing component 106 is sequentially provided with branch Point end 140, swing pivot 108, guiding piece 107 and swinging end 150, swing pivot 108 are installed in rotation on regulating block 103 Among, blade sensing extension spring 104 acts on support end 140 and regulating block 103 all the time, and guiding piece 107 is fixedly mounted on swing component On 106, guiding piece 107 is located between swing pivot 108 and swinging end 150, and blade inductor skiving position c is located at guiding piece 107 With the intersection of swing component 106.
In its natural state, swing component 106 is floating in blade inductor because of blade sensing extension spring 104 for blade inductor 102 Dynamic position d, blade 400 against when swing component 106 rotated together with blade 400 around swing pivot 108, eventually arrive at blade Inductor skiving position c, blade 400 now will be resisted against emery wheel skiving position b and blade inductor skiving position c simultaneously, change sentence Skiving effect is talked about together decided on by both emery wheel skiving position b and blade inductor skiving position c, and locating part 105 is deposited The skiving thickness of blade 400 is defined, therefore blade skiving amount of thickness is blade inductor skiving position c and blade sense Answer the most short straight line distance between device floating bit d.
For convenience blade 400 be automatically directed to required for cooperation at, and eliminate skiving when because of blade surface not Beated caused by smooth, the structure that blade inductor 102 is set up is:Guiding piece 107 is set provided with guiding straight line 109, swing component 106 There is swing straight line 110, guiding straight line 109 and swing straight line 110, which intersect, obtains intersection point, and blade inductor skiving position c is located at intersection point, Guide straight line 109 and swing the intersecting acquisition angle of straight line 110, angle is the unspecified angle between 60 degree to 120 degree.
Stability of the foregoing angle when that can be conducive to keeping skiving in appropriate angle, and it is more beneficial for guiding Effect, preferably angle is 100 degree.
Blade inductor 102 is in addition to regulating block 103, also with the first reference block 180 and the second reference block 181, adjusts Locking nub 103 relative to the straight line adjustable range of the first reference block 180 and can be positioned, and the first reference block 180 can be relative to second What reference block 181 rotated regulation angle and positioned, thus flexible modulation regulating block 103 or even blade inductor 102 are relative to sand The orientation of wheel 101.
The need for for maintenance, when emery wheel 101 weares and teares, because its outer ring diminishes, it may be desirable to the emery wheel skiving of emery wheel 101 Position b is compensated, and because blade 400 is fed from the side of emery wheel 101 towards its opposite side, is produced with blade inductor 102 Raw friction, can bring the active force in the same direction with the direction of feed of toolholder assembly 200 to blade inductor 102, above-mentioned not for decrease Profit influences and the structure of use is:Grinding wheel component 100 includes emery wheel indicator 111, and emery wheel indicator 111 is adjustable relative to sand The spacing of wheel 101 and positioning, emery wheel indicator 111 include indication piece 112 and collision piece 113, and indication piece 112 is indicated positioned at emery wheel The edge of device 111, emery wheel indicator 111 includes indicating bit j and separation position k, and emery wheel indicator 111 is indicated when being in indicating bit j The contact emery wheel skiving position b of part 112, indication piece 112 leaves emery wheel skiving position b, cutter holder when emery wheel indicator 111 is in separation position k Component 200 along toolholder assembly feed path f feeding when:Emery wheel indicator 111 is in separation position k, and collision piece 113 is connected to pendulum On moving part 106, collision piece 113 is opposite to the force direction of swing component 106 and the direction of feed of toolholder assembly 200.
The emery wheel skiving position b being just determined before the skiving of emery wheel 101, is the indicating bit j now coincided with, thus Be instructed to part 112 to be recorded, then indication piece 112, which leaves indicating bit j, carries out skiving operation, the presence of indication piece 112 be for Abrasion to emery wheel 101 is with an original reference feature, then regulation emery wheel 101 can reply emery wheel 101 relative to blade Inductor 102 and both home positions of indication piece 112.And collision piece 113 and indication piece 112 are typically what consubstantiality was set, no By being emery wheel indicator 111 in which state collision piece 113 it is against on swing component 106 all the time, it is possible thereby to offset blade The frictional force of blade inductor 102 is brought during 400 feeding.
The present invention was particularly developed positioning fixture of the toolholder assembly 200 to cutter, to adapt to various different shapes automatically Blade, it is to avoid positioned caused by its is different unstable, its structure is:Toolholder assembly 200 includes cutter holder pedestal 201, fast Speed folder 202, lower cutter holder 203, upper cutter holder 204, contiguous block 205 and bulb 206, quick clip 202 are fixedly mounted on cutter holder pedestal 201, lower cutter holder 203 is fixedly mounted on cutter holder pedestal 201, lower cutter holder 203 and upper cutter holder 204 center alignment, upper cutter holder 204 and ball First 206 are fixedly mounted, and contiguous block 205 is provided with ball cover 207, and ball cover 207 is fixedly mounted on contiguous block 205, ball cover 207 and bulb 206 shapes are matched, and bulb 206 is movably installed among ball cover 207, and ball cover 207 includes ball cover ring 208, ball cover ring 208 Cooperation is connect with the gear of bulb 206, makes bulb 206 without departing from ball cover 207, bulb 206 is provided with spacing ring 209, and spacing ring 209 is fixed Have on bulb 206, between spacing ring 209 and ball cover ring 208 and swing gap 210, contiguous block 205 and quick clip 202 Be fixedly mounted, contiguous block 205 it is adjustable relative to lower cutter holder 203 between the upper and lower away from and position.
It is to further improve of positioning fixture of foregoing cutter:Lower cutter holder 203 includes the lower anchor ring towards upper cutter holder 204 211 and low groove 212, upper cutter holder 204 includes the upper anchor ring 213 and upper groove 214 towards lower cutter holder 203.Circle above and below use It is that can consider more be conducive to a kind of scheme of locating effect, and lower notches that anchor ring 213,211 pairs of cutters, which carry out positioning, 214th, 212 can for the blade of positioning scissors knife two articulated section, the cutter structure for the skiving scissors class that is particularly suitable for use in.
Toolholder assembly 200 also specially addition of the leveling work(to cutter except the foregoing fixture as cutter, the present invention Can, cutter holder pedestal 201 includes blade leveling block 215, and blade leveling block 215 is rotatably fixed on cutter holder pedestal 201, Blade leveling block 215 includes leveling plane 216, and blade leveling block 215 includes leveling position l and restores position m, blade leveling block 215 Blade 400 and leveling plane 216 are inconsistent during in leveling position l, and it is straight that blade leveling block 215 is in blade skiving when restoring position m Line a and leveling plane 216 are parallel to each other, and whenever cutter Primary Location is after toolholder assembly 200, pass through the ginseng of leveling plane 216 The property examined gear, which connects effect, further to align blade 400, and ensures the blade skiving straight line a on blade 400 in toolholder assembly 200 feed path accurate process blade inductor skiving position c and emery wheel skiving position b when f is fed along toolholder assembly.
The conversion between leveling position l and recovery position m in the form of rotation with cutter holder pedestal 201 of blade leveling block 215, its Principle is stored to complete by two magnets:Cutter holder pedestal 201 includes the first magnet 217 and the second magnet 218, blade leveling block 215 in leveling position l when blade leveling block 215 and the first magnet 217 mutually absorption, blade leveling block 215 is in when restoring position m Blade leveling block 215 and the second mutually absorption of magnet 218.
The transmission component 300 of the present invention is also special:Toolholder assembly 200 includes vertical pole 219 and cross bar 220, vertical pole 219 Be socketed on cross bar 220, vertical pole 219 can opposing rail 220 slide, vertical pole 219 can opposing rail 220 rotate, transmission component 300 Including servomotor 301, screw rod 302, sleeve 303, sleeve 303 has internal thread, and screw rod 302 has external screw thread, servomotor 301 drive screws 302, sleeve 303 includes sleeve openings 304, and screw rod 302 can pass in and out sleeve 303, knife by sleeve openings 304 Clip assembly 200 includes cutter holder swing component 221, and cutter holder swing component 221 is fixedly mounted on vertical pole 219, and sleeve 303 is rotationally solid Dingan County is provided with sleeve extension spring 270, sleeve extension spring 270 on cutter holder swing component 221 between cutter holder swing component 221 and sleeve 303 Sleeve 303 is acted on so that sleeve openings 304 are all the time towards screw rod 302.Special sleeve easily can be completed with screw rod from Close, and be servo-actuated in vertical pole, artificial operation toolholder assembly 200 just can easily disconnect and the transmission process that continues.
It is virtual that toolholder assembly, which feeds path f, it is also assumed that being the axial line of cross bar 220 to replace.Especially supplement What is illustrated is that all technical terms represented with English alphabet are construed as part virtual in space or portion in the present invention Position, is marked for ease of understanding.
Servomotor 301 can have as the power of transmission component 300 and manually operate and be automatically brought into operation two ways:People Work operation only need to operate servomotor 301, and toolholder assembly 200 can auto-feed;And needs are automatically brought into operation according to toolholder assembly 200 and the instruction of relative position feedback signal of grinding wheel component 100 operate servomotor 301.
You need to add is that the startup of servomotor 301 is required for blade 400 to reach knife by blade inductor floating bit d Sword inductor skiving position c, in other words blade inductor floating bit d start until knife during the c of blade inductor skiving position Sword 400 is all that the anterior of blade just may proceed to drive toolholder assembly 200 to enter to give by servomotor after skiving 301 by skiving Just the rear portion of skiving blade, but blade inductor floating bit d amount of floating is not that floating by a larger margin can in skiving entirely Be redundancy float, naturally it is also possible to be adjusted to just begin to skiving at blade inductor floating bit d amplitude peaks, now Blade inductor floating bit d and blade inductor skiving position c most short straight line distance be exactly equal to blade 400 skiving it is thick Degree.
However, being manually to operate or be automatically brought into operation, toolholder assembly 200 of the invention completes single feeding skiving work After industry, reset and all must both have been pulled toolholder assembly 200 manually by being accomplished manually and disengaged it from phase with grinding wheel component 100 Mutually against and backing into original position along cross bar 220 manually.
It is foregoing blade surface out-of-flatness was already mentioned above to cause to beat during its skiving, in order to avoid blade 400 is being jumped Toolholder assembly 200 is driven to depart from transmission component 300, it is necessary to set up bounce between toolholder assembly 200 and transmission component 300 when dynamic Buffer structure:Cutter holder swing component 221 includes swinging joining beam 222, swings lateral pin 223, swing piece 224, swing extension spring 225 and pendulum Dynamic point 226, swings joining beam 222 and is fixedly mounted on vertical pole 219, swings joining beam 222, swing lateral pin 223, swing point 226 and fixes Connection, swing piece 224 is socketed on swing lateral pin 223, swings piece 224 positioned at swinging between joining beam 222 and swing point 226, swings Piece 224 can be rotated relative to lateral pin 223 is swung, and swing 226 withstanding effects of point in swinging piece 224, swung point 226 and swung piece Have between 224 and swing space 227, swing extension spring 225 and act on swing piece 224 and swing point 226, sleeve 303 is rotationally It is fixedly mounted on swing piece 224, swings and sleeve extension spring 270 is provided between piece 224 and sleeve 303.Swing point 226 herein is real It is to play a part of jacking block in matter, it will not be contradicted by swinging the swing of the slight amplitude of piece 224, except unartificial operation is significantly pulled Moving knife clip assembly 200, can drive swing piece 224 and be rotated until pushing up to after swing point 226 around it, and swing piece 224 is upwarped and driven The disengaging of sleeve 303 is engaged with screw rod 302.
Above-mentioned operation principle is as follows:Determine that blade 400 is needed after the thickness by skiving, pull open manually and promote toolholder assembly 200, toolholder assembly 200 is returned to the start bit that toolholder assembly feeds path f, blade 400 is then positioned at toolholder assembly 200, the elevation angle or the angle of depression of the adjustment blade 400 towards emery wheel 101, to determine the blade skiving straight line a by emery wheel skiving position b, Can be by blade leveling block 215 to its secondary alignment, grinding wheel component 100 is also carried out accordingly to emery wheel 101 and blade inductor 102 Orientation adjustment, it is ensured that blade skiving straight line a, emery wheel skiving position b, blade inductor skiving position c is met same in skiving Straight line, the blade skiving straight line a of blade 400 now end is while being resisted against emery wheel skiving position b and blade inductor Skiving position c, by previous manual or automatic start servomotor 301, it drives screw rod 302 to rotate, and then drives toolholder assembly 200 feedings so that blade 400 completes skiving.After the feeding of toolholder assembly 200 is finished, toolholder assembly 200, reverse push moving knife are pulled Clip assembly 200 can be returned to original position.
Supplementary notes to remaining structure are as follows:
1st, toolholder assembly impeller 280:A specifically used torsion spring, the torsion spring is set on vertical pole 219, and taken in conjunction is in vertical pole Can be that when pulling toolholder assembly 200, stress is stored up between the spacing cross bar 910 in frame 900 between 219 and frame 900 Can, release resets it after loosing one's grip;
2nd, toolholder assembly 200 sets emery wheel device for grinding, because the feelings of surface irregularity occurs after long-term use in emery wheel 101 Condition, causes emery wheel skiving position b to offset, although foregoing method of adjustment can be used to compensate emery wheel skiving position b skew, but It is that still can not solve the reality of its surface irregularity, so being modified by emery wheel device for grinding to it:Including can The spacing relative to grinding wheel component 100 and the bistrique 260 positioned are adjusted, and can depart from sleeve 303 and engaged with screw rod 302 When the locking mechanism that is located, the locking mechanism includes sliding block 261 and chute 262, and chute is fixedly mounted on vertical pole 219, Sliding block 261 is slidably mounted in chute 262, and the adjustable spacing relative to grinding wheel component 100 of sliding block 261, sliding block 261 is set Put the first limited block 263 and the second limited block 264 and positioned at sliding block space 265 between the two, and be fixedly mounted on machine Spacing cross bar 910 on frame 900, the first limited block 263 and the second limited block 264 are respectively with spacing cross bar 910 against cooperation The locking when emery wheel 101 is corrected can be completed.Run by emery wheel 101, and toolholder assembly 200 disengages transmission component 300 and nibbled Close, stretch out bistrique 260 and adjust locking bistrique 260 with after the contact area of emery wheel 101, starting emery wheel 101, emery wheel 101 is ground First 260 polishing replys smooth;
3rd, the part being related in the present embodiment, when it possesses regulation relative to the spacing of another part and the effect of positioning When, it can be achieved by the structure for the screw threads for fastening that is slidably connected in orbit;
4th, the indicative function on indication piece 112, manner when leaving indicating bit j according to it can substantially be divided into two Kind:Straight line adjusts spacing and positions or rotate regulation angle and position, and whether any all must be that indication piece 112 is in Its EDGE CONTACT emery wheel skiving position b during indicating bit j, indication piece 112 only has two positions relative to emery wheel 101 to be positioned, i.e., It is indicating bit j and separation position k, can also sets up scale to indication piece 112 to be recorded its displacement.

Claims (6)

1. sharpening machine, including blade (400), grinding wheel component (100), toolholder assembly (200) and transmission component (300), it is special Levy and be:
Blade (400) includes blade skiving amount of thickness and blade skiving straight line (a), blade skiving amount of thickness and blade skiving straight line (a) preset,
The entirety of grinding wheel component (100) is static, and grinding wheel component (100) includes emery wheel (101), blade inductor (102), emery wheel (101) there is emery wheel skiving position (b), emery wheel skiving position (b) acts on skiving blade (400),
Blade inductor (102) includes locating part (105), swing component (106) and blade inductor swing path (q), blade Inductor swing path (q) is in camber line, the two ends of blade inductor swing path (q) include blade inductor floating bit (d) and Blade inductor skiving position (c), locating part (105) is located in blade inductor swing path (q), blade inductor skiving position (c) locating part (105) is limited to, blade sensing is included between blade inductor floating bit (d) and blade inductor skiving position (c) Device amount of floating, blade inductor amount of floating is equal to blade skiving amount of thickness,
There is toolholder assembly (200) toolholder assembly to feed path (f), and toolholder assembly feeds path (f) linearly, toolholder assembly (200) feed path (f) feeding along toolholder assembly and reset,
The adjustable fore-and-aft clearance and positioning relative to grinding wheel component (100) of toolholder assembly (200), toolholder assembly (200) is adjustable Save relative to grinding wheel component (100) between the upper and lower away from and position, toolholder assembly 200 include be close to grinding wheel component all the time (100) toolholder assembly impeller (280),
Toolholder assembly (200) along toolholder assembly feed path (f) feeding when:Blade (400) and toolholder assembly (200) positioning dress Match somebody with somebody;Blade (400) and blade inductor skiving position (c) positioning assembling;Toolholder assembly (200) and grinding wheel component (100) are mutually supported By assembling;Blade skiving straight line (a), blade inductor skiving position (c) and emery wheel skiving position (b) are in same straight line,
Grinding wheel component (100) includes emery wheel indicator (111), and emery wheel indicator (111) is adjustable relative between emery wheel (101) Away from and position, emery wheel indicator (111) include indication piece (112) and collision piece (113), indication piece (112) positioned at emery wheel instruction The edge of device (111), emery wheel indicator (111) includes indicating bit (j) and separation position (k), and emery wheel indicator (111), which is in, to be indicated Indication piece (112) contact emery wheel skiving position (b) during position (j), indication piece (112) when emery wheel indicator (111) is in separation position (k) Emery wheel skiving position (b) is left, when toolholder assembly (200) feeds path (f) along toolholder assembly and fed:Emery wheel indicator (111) In separation position (k), collision piece (113) is connected on swing component (106), active force of the collision piece (113) to swing component (106) The direction of feed of direction and toolholder assembly (200) is opposite.
2. sharpening machine according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Toolholder assembly (200) includes cutter holder pedestal (201), quick (202), lower cutter holder (203), upper cutter holder (204), contiguous block (205) and bulb (206) are pressed from both sides, quick clip (202) is fixedly mounted In cutter holder pedestal (201), lower cutter holder (203) is fixedly mounted in cutter holder pedestal (201), lower cutter holder (203) and upper cutter holder (204) The heart aligns, and upper cutter holder (204) and bulb (206) are fixedly mounted, and contiguous block (205) is provided with ball cover (207), and ball cover (207) is fixed On contiguous block (205), ball cover (207) matches with bulb (206) shape, and bulb (206) is movably installed at ball Cover among (207), ball cover (207) includes ball cover ring (208), ball cover ring (208) and bulb (206) gear connect cooperation, bulb (206) Provided with spacing ring (209), spacing ring (209) is fixedly mounted on bulb (206), between spacing ring (209) and ball cover ring (208) With gap (210) are swung, contiguous block (205) and quick clip (202) are fixedly mounted, and contiguous block (205) is adjustable relative under Cutter holder (203) between the upper and lower away from and position.
3. sharpening machine according to claim 2, it is characterised in that:Cutter holder pedestal (201) includes blade leveling block (215), knife Sword leveling block (215) is rotatably fixed on cutter holder pedestal (201), and blade leveling block (215) includes leveling plane (216), blade leveling block (215) includes leveling position (l) and restores position (m), when blade leveling block (215) is in leveling position (l) Blade (400) and blade skiving leveling plane (216) are inconsistent, and blade leveling block (215) is in blade skiving when restoring position (m) Straight line (a) and leveling plane (216) are parallel to each other.
4. sharpening machine according to claim 3, it is characterised in that:Cutter holder pedestal (201) includes the first magnet (217) and second Magnet (218), blade leveling block (215) and the first magnet (217) are mutually inhaled when blade leveling block (215) is in leveling position (l) Attached, blade leveling block (215) is in blade leveling block (215) and the second magnet (218) when restoring position (m) and mutually adsorbed.
5. the sharpening machine according to claim 1 or 2 or 3 or 4, it is characterised in that:Toolholder assembly (200) includes vertical pole (219) With cross bar (220), vertical pole (219) is socketed on cross bar (220), and vertical pole (219) can opposing rail (220) slip, vertical pole (219) Can opposing rail (220) rotate, transmission component (300) include servomotor (301), screw rod (302), sleeve (303), sleeve (303) there is internal thread, screw rod (302) has external screw thread, and servomotor (301) drive screw (302), sleeve (303) includes Sleeve openings (304), screw rod (302) can pass in and out sleeve (303) by sleeve openings (304), and toolholder assembly (200) includes cutter holder Swing component (221), cutter holder swing component (221) is fixedly mounted on vertical pole (219), and sleeve (303), which is rotatably fixed, to be arranged on On cutter holder swing component (221), sleeve extension spring (270), sleeve extension spring are provided between cutter holder swing component (221) and sleeve (303) (270) acting on sleeve (303) causes sleeve openings (304) all the time towards screw rod (302).
6. sharpening machine according to claim 5, it is characterised in that:Cutter holder swing component (221) includes swinging joining beam (222), pendulum Dynamic lateral pin (223), swing piece (224), swing extension spring (225) and swing point (226), swing joining beam (222) and are fixedly mounted on On vertical pole (219), swing joining beam (222), swing lateral pin (223), swing point (226) and be fixedly connected, swing piece (224) and be socketed on Lateral pin (223) is swung, piece (224) is swung and is located between swing joining beam (222) and swing point (226), swinging piece (224) can be relative Rotated in swinging lateral pin (223), swing point (226) withstanding effect in swinging piece (224), swung point (226) and swing piece (224) Between have swing space (227), swing extension spring (225) act on swing piece (224) and swing point (226), sleeve (303) can Rotationally it is fixedly mounted on swing piece (224), swings and sleeve extension spring (270) is provided between piece (224) and sleeve (303).
CN201710529320.XA 2015-10-29 2015-10-29 Sharpening machine CN107150265A (en)

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CN107214572A (en) 2017-09-29
CN105328519B (en) 2017-08-25
CN105328519A (en) 2016-02-17
CN107214572B (en) 2019-07-23
CN107150266B (en) 2019-06-07

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