CN107138971A - A kind of axis body clamping device - Google Patents

A kind of axis body clamping device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107138971A
CN107138971A CN201710336904.5A CN201710336904A CN107138971A CN 107138971 A CN107138971 A CN 107138971A CN 201710336904 A CN201710336904 A CN 201710336904A CN 107138971 A CN107138971 A CN 107138971A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
spline
cylinder
fixed
axis body
bearing support
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Withdrawn
Application number
CN201710336904.5A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
赵锋
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Individual
Original Assignee
Individual
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Individual filed Critical Individual
Priority to CN201710336904.5A priority Critical patent/CN107138971A/en
Publication of CN107138971A publication Critical patent/CN107138971A/en
Withdrawn legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q3/00Devices holding, supporting, or positioning work or tools, of a kind normally removable from the machine
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q2703/00Work clamping
    • B23Q2703/02Work clamping means
    • B23Q2703/04Work clamping means using fluid means or a vacuum
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q2703/00Work clamping
    • B23Q2703/02Work clamping means
    • B23Q2703/10Devices for clamping workpieces of a particular form or made from a particular material

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  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Mechanical Engineering (AREA)
  • Clamps And Clips (AREA)

Abstract

The present invention provides a kind of axis body clamping device, belongs to machining technology field.It includes axial grip mechanism, tangential clamp system, axis body is placed on the V-shaped groove of bearing support, left end of the mounting of roof plate of axial grip mechanism in top plate piston rod, positioning baffle, which can slide back and forth, to be arranged on the chute of bearing support left end, baffle plate piston rod connects positioning baffle, the supporting shaft of tangential clamp system is rotatably provided on fixed journal stirrup by supporting section, compress and be provided with the first spline on cam, compress the first spline connection of the first spline and supporting shaft of cam, the lower end of connecting rod is provided with the second spline, the second spline connection on the second spline and supporting shaft of connecting rod lower end, the upper end of compression cylinder is arranged on the 3rd cylinder saddle, the lower end of compression cylinder and the upper end of connecting rod are hinged.The present invention not only realizes Quick-clamped and the release to axis body, rational in infrastructure, good reliability, and clamping force is adjustable, strong applicability.

Description

A kind of axis body clamping device
Technical field
The present invention relates to machining technology field, more particularly to a kind of axis body clamping device.
Background technology
Machining refers to the process of be changed the appearance and size or performance of workpiece by a kind of plant equipment, by adding Difference in work mode can be divided into machining and pressure processing.Processing need machinery by digital display milling machine, digital display form grinder, Digital display lathe, electric discharge machine, grinding machine of universal, machining center, drilling machine, laser welding, fast wire winding, middle wire, slow wire feeding, peripheral milling Bed, internal grinder, fine turning lathe etc..Machining refers to use cutting element(Including cutter, grinding tool and abrasive material)Blank or work Unnecessary material layer is cut as chip on part, workpiece is obtained the processing side of defined geometry, size and surface quality Method.Machining generally can be divided into:Turning, milling, drilling, boring, ream, planing, slotting, broaching, sawing, grinding, grinding, Honing, microstoning, polishing, Gear Processing, spiral case making, screw thread process, Ultra-precision Turning, pincers worker and scraping etc..Drilling is A kind of common machining mode, the at present main drilling realized using drill bit to workpiece.Axis body class workpiece usually need into Row Drilling operation, but because axis body class Workpiece clamping is more difficult, cause the processing difficulties in boring procedure.It is common at present Axis body class workpiece, which needs to be realized with special fixture, to be clamped, and this kind of clamp structure is complicated, and cost is high, and each clamping and release are all It is cumbersome.
The content of the invention
It is an object of the invention to provide a kind of axis body clamping device, the Quick-clamped to axis body and release are not only realized, is tied Structure is reasonable, good reliability, and clamping force is adjustable, strong applicability.
The technical solution adopted for the present invention to solve the technical problems is:
A kind of axis body clamping device, it is included on bearing support, axial grip mechanism, tangential clamp system, the bearing support Horizontal V-shaped groove is provided with, axis body is placed on the V-shaped groove of bearing support, the bearing support left end is provided with fore-and-aft direction Chute, the axial grip mechanism include top plate, top plate cylinder, the first cylinder saddle, positioning baffle, baffle plate cylinder, second Cylinder saddle, first cylinder saddle is fixed on the right side of bearing support, and the top plate cylinder includes top plate cylinder body and top plate Piston rod, the top plate cylinder body is fixed on the first cylinder saddle, the mounting of roof plate top plate piston rod left end, it is described fixed Position baffle plate, which can slide back and forth, to be arranged on the chute of bearing support left end, and the baffle plate cylinder includes baffle plate cylinder body and baffle plate piston Bar, the baffle plate cylinder body is fixed on the second cylinder saddle, and second cylinder saddle is fixed on the side of bearing support, described Baffle plate piston rod connects positioning baffle, and the tangential clamp system includes fixed support, compresses cam, connecting rod, fixed journal stirrup, branch Consign axle, compression cylinder, the 3rd cylinder saddle, the fixed support is fixed on bearing support, and the fixed journal stirrup is arranged on On fixed support, the middle of the supporting shaft is provided with the first spline, and the both sides of the first spline are provided with the second spline, the The both sides of two splines are provided with supporting section, and the supporting shaft is rotatably provided on fixed journal stirrup by supporting section, the pressure The first spline, the first spline connection of the first spline and supporting shaft of the compression cam, institute are provided with tight cam The quantity for stating connecting rod is two, and the lower end of the connecting rod is provided with the second spline, the second spline of the connecting rod lower end and The second spline connection on supporting shaft, the upper end of the compression cylinder is arranged on the 3rd cylinder saddle, the compression cylinder Lower end and the upper end of connecting rod be hinged.
Further, the positioning baffle is L-shaped.
Further, the compression cam is spiral of Archimedes cam.
Further, it is provided with rotation roll sleeve between the supporting section of the supporting shaft and fixed journal stirrup.
The present invention compared to the prior art, with advantages below and effect:Axial grip mechanism realizes the axial direction to axis body Positioning, tangential clamp system is realized to the tangentially oriented of axis body.Top plate cylinder drives top plate to left movement, and baffle plate cylinder drives fixed Position baffle plate travels forward, and axis body realizes axially position in the presence of top plate and positioning baffle, and compression cylinder action passes through connecting rod Drive and compress cam clockwise oscillation, axis body is clamped.When clamping force needs to be adjusted, supporting shaft is pulled down, connecting rod The relative position of the second spline is constant on the second spline and supporting shaft of lower end, rotates and compresses one or several teeth of cam, The first spline compressed on the first spline and supporting shaft on cam is reinstalled, so as to change the bias for compressing cam Amount, also realizes the adjustment to clamping force.Positioning baffle is L-shaped, rational in infrastructure, is conducive to the axially position of axis body.Supporting shaft Supporting section and fixed journal stirrup between be provided with rotation roll sleeve, be conducive to supporting shaft smoothly to rotate, reduce abrasion, significantly Extend service life.Compression cam is spiral of Archimedes cam, it is had self-locking performance when clamping axis body, improves Clip stability.The present invention not only realizes Quick-clamped and the release to axis body, rational in infrastructure, good reliability, and clamping force It is adjustable, strong applicability.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is structural representation of the invention.
Fig. 2 is left view of the invention.
Fig. 3 is Fig. 1 of the present invention partial enlarged drawing A.
Fig. 4 is Fig. 2 of the present invention partial enlarged drawing B.
Fig. 5 is the structural representation of supporting shaft of the present invention.
In figure:1. bearing support, 2. axial grip mechanisms, 3. tangential clamp systems, 4.V shape grooves, 5. chutes, 6. top plates, 7. top plate cylinder, 8. first cylinder saddles, 9. positioning baffles, 10. baffle plate cylinders, 11. second cylinder saddles, 12. top plate cylinder bodies, 13. top plate piston rod, 14. baffle plate cylinder bodies, 15. baffle plate piston rods, 16. fixed supports, 17. compression cams, 18. connecting rods, 19. consolidate Determine journal stirrup, 20. supporting shafts, 21. compression cylinders, 22. the 3rd cylinder saddles, 23. first splines, 24. second splines, 25. Hold section, 26. axis bodies.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings and the present invention is described in further detail by embodiment, following examples are to this hair Bright explanation and the invention is not limited in following examples.
As shown in Figure 1, Figure 2, shown in Fig. 3, Fig. 4 and Fig. 5, a kind of axis body clamping device, it includes bearing support 1, axial grip Mechanism 2, tangential clamp system 3, axial grip mechanism 2 realize the axially position to axis body 26, and tangential clamp system 3 is realized to axle Body 26 it is tangentially oriented.Horizontal V-shaped groove 4 is provided with the bearing support 1, axis body 26 is placed on the V-shaped groove of bearing support 1 On 4, the left end of bearing support 1 is provided with the chute 5 of fore-and-aft direction.The axial grip mechanism 2 includes top plate 6, top plate gas Cylinder 7, the first cylinder saddle 8, positioning baffle 9, baffle plate cylinder 10, the second cylinder saddle 11, first cylinder saddle 11 are fixed On the right side of bearing support 1, the top plate cylinder 7 includes top plate cylinder body 12 and top plate piston rod 13, and the top plate cylinder body 12 is consolidated It is scheduled on the first cylinder saddle 8, the top plate 6 is arranged on the left end of top plate piston rod 13, the positioning baffle 9 can slide back and forth On the chute 5 for being arranged on the left end of bearing support 1, the positioning baffle 9 is L-shaped, rational in infrastructure, is conducive to the axial direction of axis body 26 to determine Position.The baffle plate cylinder 10 includes baffle plate cylinder body 14 and baffle plate piston rod 15, and the baffle plate cylinder body 14 is fixed on the second cylinder branch On seat 11, second cylinder saddle 11 is fixed on the side of bearing support 1, and the baffle plate piston rod 15 connects positioning baffle 9. The tangential clamp system 3 includes fixed support 16, compresses cam 17, connecting rod 18, fixed journal stirrup 19, supporting shaft 20, compression Cylinder 21, the 3rd cylinder saddle 22, the fixed support 16 are fixed on bearing support 1, and the fixed journal stirrup 19 is arranged on solid On fixed rack 16, the middle of the supporting shaft 20 is provided with the first spline 23, and the both sides of the first spline 23 are provided with second Spline 24, the both sides of the second spline 24 are provided with supporting section 25, and the supporting shaft 20 is rotatably provided in by supporting section 25 On fixed journal stirrup 19, rotation roll sleeve is provided between the supporting section 25 of the supporting shaft 20 and fixed journal stirrup 19, is conducive to branch Axle 20 of consigning smoothly is rotated, and is reduced abrasion, be substantially prolongs service life.The first flower is provided with the compression cam 17 Keyway, the first spline of the compression cam 17 and the first spline 23 of supporting shaft 20 are connected, and the compression cam 17 is Spiral of Archimedes cam, makes it have self-locking performance when clamping axis body 26, improves clip stability.The connecting rod 18 Quantity is two, and the lower end of the connecting rod 18 is provided with the second spline, the second spline of the lower end of connecting rod 18 and supporting The second spline 24 on bearing pin 20 is connected, and the upper end of the compression cylinder 21 is arranged on the 3rd cylinder saddle 22, described to compress The lower end of cylinder 21 and the upper end of connecting rod 18 are hinged.
By above-mentioned technical proposal, a kind of axis body clamping device of the invention is in use, top plate cylinder 7 drives top plate 6 to the left Motion, baffle plate cylinder 10 drives positioning baffle 9 to travel forward, and axis body 26 is realized axially in the presence of top plate 6 and positioning baffle 9 Positioning, compression cylinder 21 is acted, and is driven by connecting rod 18 and is compressed the clockwise oscillation of cam 17, axis body 26 is clamped.Work as clamping force When needing to be adjusted, supporting shaft 20 is pulled down, it is ensured that second on the second spline and supporting shaft 20 of the lower end of connecting rod 18 The relative position of spline 24 is constant, rotates and compresses one or several teeth of cam 17, compresses the first spline and branch on cam 17 The first spline 23 consigned on axle 20 is reinstalled, so as to change the offset for compressing cam 17, also realizes the tune to clamping force It is whole.The present invention not only realizes Quick-clamped and the release to axis body 26, rational in infrastructure, good reliability, and clamping force is adjustable, fits It is strong with property.
Above content described in this specification is only illustration made for the present invention.Technology belonging to of the invention The technical staff in field can make various modifications or supplement to described specific embodiment or use similar mode Substitute, content without departing from description of the invention or surmount scope defined in the claims, this all should be belonged to The protection domain of invention.

Claims (4)

1. a kind of axis body clamping device, it is characterised in that:It includes bearing support, axial grip mechanism, tangential clamp system, institute State and horizontal V-shaped groove is provided with bearing support, axis body is placed on the V-shaped groove of bearing support, the bearing support left end is set The chute of fore-and-aft direction is equipped with, the axial grip mechanism includes top plate, top plate cylinder, the first cylinder saddle, positioning baffle, gear Plate cylinder, the second cylinder saddle, first cylinder saddle are fixed on the right side of bearing support, and the top plate cylinder includes top plate Cylinder body and top plate piston rod, the top plate cylinder body are fixed on the first cylinder saddle, and the mounting of roof plate is in top plate piston rod Left end, the positioning baffle, which can slide back and forth, to be arranged on the chute of bearing support left end, and the baffle plate cylinder includes baffle plate cylinder Body and baffle plate piston rod, the baffle plate cylinder body are fixed on the second cylinder saddle, and second cylinder saddle is fixed on supporting branch The side of seat, the baffle plate piston rod connects positioning baffle, and the tangential clamp system includes fixed support, compresses cam, connects Bar, fixed journal stirrup, supporting shaft, compression cylinder, the 3rd cylinder saddle, the fixed support is fixed on bearing support, described Fixed journal stirrup is arranged on fixed support, and the middle of the supporting shaft is provided with the first spline, and the both sides of the first spline are set The second spline is equipped with, the both sides of the second spline are provided with supporting section, and the supporting shaft is rotatably provided in solid by supporting section Determine on journal stirrup, the first spline is provided with the compression cam, the first spline of the compression cam and supporting shaft First spline is connected, and the quantity of the connecting rod is two, and the lower end of the connecting rod is provided with the second spline, the connecting rod lower end The second spline and supporting shaft on the connection of the second spline, the upper end of the compression cylinder is arranged on the 3rd cylinder saddle On, the lower end of the compression cylinder and the upper end of connecting rod are hinged.
2. a kind of axis body clamping device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The positioning baffle is L-shaped.
3. a kind of axis body clamping device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The compression cam is Archimedes's spiral shell Spin line cam.
4. a kind of axis body clamping device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The supporting section of the supporting shaft and solid Determine to be provided with rotation roll sleeve between journal stirrup.
CN201710336904.5A 2017-05-14 2017-05-14 A kind of axis body clamping device Withdrawn CN107138971A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710336904.5A CN107138971A (en) 2017-05-14 2017-05-14 A kind of axis body clamping device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710336904.5A CN107138971A (en) 2017-05-14 2017-05-14 A kind of axis body clamping device

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN107138971A true CN107138971A (en) 2017-09-08

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ID=59776982

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201710336904.5A Withdrawn CN107138971A (en) 2017-05-14 2017-05-14 A kind of axis body clamping device

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN107138971A (en)

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107442674A (en) * 2017-09-18 2017-12-08 厦门友嘉工贸有限公司 A kind of quick-gripping device of carburetor
CN109894442A (en) * 2017-12-11 2019-06-18 南京机器人研究院有限公司 A kind of reaction container cleaning equipment

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107442674A (en) * 2017-09-18 2017-12-08 厦门友嘉工贸有限公司 A kind of quick-gripping device of carburetor
CN109894442A (en) * 2017-12-11 2019-06-18 南京机器人研究院有限公司 A kind of reaction container cleaning equipment

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PB01 Publication
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SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
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WW01 Invention patent application withdrawn after publication

Application publication date: 20170908

WW01 Invention patent application withdrawn after publication