CN107047326A - Temperature control method in animal room - Google Patents

Temperature control method in animal room Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107047326A
CN107047326A CN201710161699.3A CN201710161699A CN107047326A CN 107047326 A CN107047326 A CN 107047326A CN 201710161699 A CN201710161699 A CN 201710161699A CN 107047326 A CN107047326 A CN 107047326A
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temperature
air
animal room
samming
animal
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CN201710161699.3A
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CN107047326B (en
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余平
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Chongqing Yu Ping Livestock Technology Consulting Co Ltd
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; AVICULTURE; APICULTURE; PISCICULTURE; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K1/00Housing animals; Equipment therefor
    • A01K1/0047Air-conditioning, e.g. ventilation, of animal housings

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  • Life Sciences & Earth Sciences (AREA)
  • Environmental Sciences (AREA)
  • Zoology (AREA)
  • Animal Husbandry (AREA)
  • Biodiversity & Conservation Biology (AREA)
  • Housing For Livestock And Birds (AREA)

Abstract

The invention discloses the temperature control method in a kind of animal room, including A method for regulating temperature and B temperature equalizing methods;B temperature equalizing methods, comprise the following steps:B1 fresh airs form tempering air, entered in samming passage after A method for regulating temperature temperature adjustments;B2 samming passage mean allocations tempering air is equably sent in animal room;Compared with prior art, the present invention is by setting samming passage, can make wind when entering the intrinsic space in room, it is to avoid wind is directly contacted with animal, facility, equipment etc., it is ensured that the utilization of wind, so as to save blower fan electric power resource;And whole room body is received the essentially identical air of temperature, form the obvious temperature difference between the animal of air inlet and the animal at air outlet so as to avoid.

Description

Temperature control method in animal room
Technical field
The present invention relates to livestock culturing technical field, and in particular to the temperature control method in a kind of animal room.
Background technology
Cultivation industry generally believes that three big factors of influence live pig production performance are feed, kind and environment.Intensive In the animal room of closing, the influence proportion shared by environment is about 40%-60%, and the emphasis of wherein environmental Kuznets Curves is according to pig Growth rhythm and psychological need carry out appropriate ventilation regulation and control, if ventilation regulation and control are improper, can exist in animal room a large amount of to pig There is the gas of harm with people.Pernicious gas in animal room is mainly the gas that the excreta of animal is evaporated into air, Mainly there are ammonia, hydrogen sulfide, imbedibility solid particle, aerosol etc., these pernicious gases can reduce the resistance of animal body Power, induces breathing problem, reduces immune effect of vaccine, influences the growth of animal.
In existing seal animal room, oneself obtains the attention of increasing culturist to Ventilation Control, to understand The problem of certainly divulging information not smooth, proposes a kind of method of ventilation, comprises the following steps in the prior art, and 1, by blower fan introduced wind Animal room;2nd, wind in room by directly to being aerated;3rd, wind flows out room by air outlet again after heat exchange;It is existing Method of ventilation is simpler, regulation and control can be aerated to room according to the rotating speed of fan blade, drastically increase economic benefit.
Above-mentioned method of ventilation is to set air-out on the side wall setting air inlet in animal room, the side wall on opposite Mouthful, therefore crossflow can be formed in animal room, so as to solve the problem of traditional room ventilation regulates and controls;But it is also deposited In problems with:1st, due to there is the obstruction of animal and other equipment on the ground of animal room, and animal room is close to top plate Side do not hinder, cause crossflow largely can from animal room close to top plate a lateral wind machine flow, therefore, when Wind speed when wind is on animal bodies is generally smaller, i.e., the air vent mode does not form the effective wind for acting on animal bodies Speed, so as to cause the significant wastage of blower fan electric power resource;2nd, crossflow is in flow process, and air passes through the body of animal When can take away the partial heat on animal bodies so that the temperature of air rise, and air is warm during flowing Degree meeting more and more higher so that the obvious temperature difference is formed between the animal of air inlet and the animal at blower fan, if not Cooling measure is taken to the animal at blower fan, can make it that the animal at blower fan is liable to illness, and can be to animal Production performance has a direct impact.
The content of the invention
Present invention aims at providing one kind to save electric power resource, and it can avoid in the animal room that the obvious temperature difference produces Temperature control method.
The temperature control method in animal room in this programme, including A method for regulating temperature and B temperature equalizing methods;
B temperature equalizing methods, comprise the following steps:
B1 fresh airs form tempering air, entered in samming passage after A method for regulating temperature temperature adjustments;
B2 samming passage mean allocations tempering air is equably sent in animal room.
The technical principle of this programme is:B1 fresh airs form tempering air, entered after A method for regulating temperature temperature adjustments In samming passage;Fresh air is after A method for regulating temperature temperature adjustments, and the temperature of fresh air will change, can be to dynamic with formation The tempering air of temperature adjustment is carried out in thing room, tempering air will be flow in samming passage along air current flow, tempering air, with Carry out the samming operation of whole animal room;Tempering air is equably sent to B2 samming passage mean allocations animal room It is interior;Tempering air is equably sent to samming passage mean allocation animal room, and temperature adjustment is carried out to animal room;In wind When being flowed into samming passage, wind will not be in contact and exchange heat with extraneous animal, facility, equipment etc., and wind is in whole passage Flowing difference variation will be smaller, and during wind flow, mean allocation is flowed into each place of animal room by wind, And each position of whole animal room is received the essentially identical air of temperature, and base is carried out to each place of animal room The temperature adjustment of this identical is operated.
Compared with prior art, this programme has the beneficial effect that:1st, by the operation of above step, wind can be made to enter dynamic During space in thing room, it is to avoid wind is directly contacted with animal, facility, equipment etc., it is ensured that the utilization of wind, and formation is acted on In the effective wind speed of animal bodies, so as to save blower fan electric power resource;2nd, wind is after samming passage is entered, and wind is logical in samming During road flows, the resistance that wind is subject to is by very little, and wind flows difference variation in whole passage will be smaller, and wind is by average mark Each place of animal room is flowed into ground, and whole animal room is received the essentially identical air of temperature, so as to avoid The obvious temperature difference is formed between the animal of air inlet and the animal at air outlet.
Further:Offer samming hole on samming passage in step B1, samming passage by the tempering air of collection one by one Ground is discharged from samming hole, and carries out temperature adjustment to animal room.By the setting in samming hole, samming passage can be empty by the temperature adjustment of collection Gas is seriatim discharged from samming hole, and whole animal room is received the essentially identical air of temperature, so as to ensure animal room Each local temperature keeps essentially identical;Samming hole is sized to size at the air inlet/outlet less than samming passage, can Ensure that the air entered in samming passage is shunted one by one, it is ensured that the smoothly progress of samming regulation.
Further:Tempering air need to be carried out secondary before entering in samming passage by interface channel in step B1 Temperature adjustment.In external air temperature higher or lower season, in fresh air after method for regulating temperature cools or heats up, then lead to Cross interface channel and further temperature adjustment is carried out to air, so that air obtains fully temperature adjustment, so as to ensure that animal room can be maintained More suitable temperature.
Further:Air in step B1 after secondary temperature adjustment is also directly discharged into animal room by interface channel.For In indoor/outdoor temperature-difference less season, the use of samming passage can be cancelled, directly the air regulated is drained into animal room, It can make to maintain suitable temperature in animal room everywhere, and this switching can also facilitate the maintenance or replacing of samming passage.
Further:A method for regulating temperature comprises the following steps:
A1 fresh airs enter from the air inlet of animal room;
A2 fresh airs are entered in temperature adjustment passage by air inlet, form tempering air.
Fresh air enters from the air inlet of animal room, and enters in temperature adjustment passage, forms tempering air;By entering Outside air is drawn into animal room by air port, and fresh air first passes through temperature adjustment passage and carries out temperature adjustment, by the temperature of fresh air Degree is adjusted to appropriate state, and formation can be input to the tempering air in samming passage.
Further:Temperature adjustment passage is to be arranged on the underpass at the underground of animal room in step A1.The underpass winter The warm summer is cool, and when fresh air is flowed into underpass from air inlet, temperature will be entered to fresh air naturally in underpass Row temperature adjustment, temperature adjustment, more energy-saving and emission-reduction are carried out using nature to animal room.
Further:Fresh air also carries out pre- temperature adjustment before underpass is entered in step A2.So that extraneous air is not When entering in underpass, presetting temperature is first carried out, and air can be made subsequently to be more easy to the temperature for adjusting suitably.
Further:Also include C method for exhausting, comprise the following steps:
C1 is by the gas being discharged to by samming passage in animal room after heat exchange, and the waste gas of formation is drained into manure pit;
Waste gas and pernicious gas in manure pit is drained into blast pipe by C2 again, and is discharged by blast pipe outside animal room.
The gas discharged out of samming pipeline with the environment in animal room after exchanging heat, and the waste gas of formation will go into excrement In pond, waste gas is discharged with pernicious gas out of animal room, it is ensured that the discharge of pernicious gas, it is to avoid pernicious gas is to animal The infringement of growth.
Further:Waste gas pernicious gas in step C2 in manure pit is also discharged outdoor by animal room air outlet.Use While gas in animal room is discharged to outdoor by blast pipe, in order to the gas of animal room quickly are discharged into room Outside, while being vented using main pipeline, the exhaust of animal room air outlet can be used, to strengthen the air stream in animal room It is dynamic.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the schematic diagram of the temperature regulation structure of the animal room of the embodiment of the present invention one.
Fig. 2 is Fig. 1 main view profile.
Embodiment
Below by embodiment, the present invention is further detailed explanation:
Reference in Figure of description includes:Room body 1, samming pipe 2, underpass 3, branch pipe(tube) 4, upper air inlet 5, First discharge pipe 6, upper air outlet 7, lower air outlet 8, wet curtain 9, lower air inlet 10, side building 11, connecting cavity 12, the second discharge pipe 13rd, manure pit 14, blower fan 15, main pipeline 16.
Embodiment one is substantially with reference to shown in Fig. 1 and Fig. 2:Temperature control method in animal room, comprises the following steps:
(1)Air temperature-adjustment:Fresh air enters from the air inlet of animal room, and enters in underpass, with underpass Interior environment is exchanged heat, and is formed in tempering air, underpass and is equipped with main pipeline, main pipeline is connected with air outlet, Some branch pipe(tube)s connected with manure pit top are connected on main pipeline, the left side construction of animal room has the side communicated with animal room Building, air inlet is opened in side upstairs, air inlet include upper air inlet and lower air inlet, upper air inlet be located at side building top, under enter Air port is located at the bottom in side building;
(2)Transfer:Tempering air is entered and is communicated between underpass and samming pipe in connecting tube by underpass, even It is provided with to be connected with bypass, bypass in wet curtain, the connecting tube between samming pipe and wet curtain in adapter and the first valve is installed, The junction of temperature pipe and connecting tube is provided with the second valve, is sent into tempering air in samming pipe by connecting tube;
(3)Animal room temperature adjustment:The samming hole of equidistantly distributed is offered on samming pipe, the size in samming hole is less than samming passage Size, samming pipe by the tempering air of collection seriatim from samming hole discharge, and to animal room carry out temperature adjustment;
(4)Exhaust:Tempering air opens the blower fan of air outlet after samming pipe, by the air after temperature change from air outlet Discharge, air outlet is opened in side upstairs, is provided with the first discharge pipe and the second discharge pipe in the building of side, air outlet include upper air outlet and Lower air outlet, the first discharge pipe is connected with upper discharge pipe and main pipeline, and the second discharge pipe is connected with lower air outlet, lower air outlet Positioned at the top of upper air outlet, blower fan is mounted in animal room in air inlet and air outlet.
Connecting cavity 12 is arranged on to the middle part of room body 1, whole room body 1 can be along the rightmost side edge line of connecting cavity 12 Axisymmetricly figure is set.
In spring, autumn, the second valve is closed, the first valve is opened, wet curtain 9 is closed, closed under upper air inlet 5, opening Air inlet 10, without opening blower fan 15, cool exterior air will be reduced in lower air inlet 10, and cold air will go into underpass In 3, underpass 3 is slightly adjusted to cold air, and the cold air after temperature adjustment will enter room by connecting cavity 12 and by bypass Give up in body 1, the hot-air in room body 1, on the one hand rise naturally and be discharged to room from the second discharge pipe 13 and lower air outlet 8 Outside, the cold air after one side temperature adjustment also promotes it to be discharged to outdoor from the second discharge pipe 13 and lower air outlet 8, so as to complete room Give up the regulation of temperature in body 1.
In summer, the second valve is opened, the first valve is closed, wet curtain 9 is opened, upper air inlet 5 is opened, closes lower air inlet 10, the blower fan 15 of upper air inlet 5 and lower air outlet 8 is opened, hot-air is incorporated into side building 11 by upper air inlet 5, the second air-out Discharge is the air low compared with external temperature of room body 1 in pipe 13, and hot-air will in advance be exchanged heat with the second discharge pipe 13, in advance Hot-air after heat exchange will be flowed into underpass 3 and be exchanged heat again, and hot air temperature is further reduced, subsequent hot-air It will go into connecting cavity 12, wet curtain 9 will be changed into cold air to the further cooling of hot-air, hot-air, and cold air will enter Into samming pipe 2, cold air will be discharged from equally distributed samming hole, so that room body 1 can equably be cooled everywhere, After the temperature of cold air will absorb heat, outdoor partly is discharged from the second discharge pipe 13 and lower air outlet 8, branch pipe(tube) is partly will go into In 4, and it is drained into out of main pipeline 16 in the first discharge pipe 6, is discharged to upper air outlet 7 from the first discharge pipe 6, and be discharged to room Outside;When the hot-air after exchanging heat in advance is flowed into and exchanged heat again in underpass 3, hot-air is also changed with main pipeline 16 Heat, so as to improve secondary heat exchange efficiency.
In the winter time, the second valve is opened, the first valve is closed, wet curtain 9 is closed, upper air inlet 5 is opened, lower air inlet is closed 10, the blower fan 15 of upper air inlet 5 and upper air outlet 7 is opened, lower air outlet 8 is closed, air pump is opened, cold air is from upper air inlet 5 Into discharge is the air high compared with external temperature of room body 1 in the first discharge pipe 6, and cold air will enter with the first discharge pipe 6 The pre- heat exchange of row, the cold air after pre- heat exchange will be flowed into underpass 3 to be exchanged heat again, flowed in main pipeline 16 be compared with The high air of external temperature, air temperature will increase further, and the cold air after subsequent temperature raising will go into connecting cavity 12, Cold air after temperature raising be will go into samming pipe 2, and the cold air after temperature raising will be discharged from equally distributed samming hole, so that room House body 1 can equably be cooled everywhere, after the temperature of cold air will absorb heat, will go into branch pipe(tube) 4, and from main pipeline It is drained into 16 in first discharge pipe 6, is discharged to upper air outlet 7 from the first discharge pipe 6, and be discharged to outdoor.
Above-described is only that the known general knowledge such as concrete structure and characteristic is not made herein in embodiments of the invention, scheme Excessive description., without departing from the structure of the invention, can be with it should be pointed out that for those skilled in the art Several modifications and improvements are made, these should also be considered as protection scope of the present invention, these are implemented all without the influence present invention Effect and practical applicability.The scope of protection required by this application should be based on the content of the claims, in specification Embodiment etc. records the content that can be used for explaining claim.

Claims (9)

1. the temperature control method in animal room, it is characterised in that including A method for regulating temperature and B temperature equalizing methods;
B temperature equalizing methods, comprise the following steps:
B1 fresh airs form tempering air, entered in samming passage after A method for regulating temperature temperature adjustments;
B2 samming passage mean allocations tempering air is equably sent in animal room.
2. the temperature control method in animal room according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:It is equal in the step B1 Samming hole is offered on warm passage, samming passage seriatim discharges the tempering air of collection from samming hole, and to animal room Carry out temperature adjustment.
3. the temperature control method in animal room according to claim 2, it is characterised in that:Temperature adjustment in the step B1 Air need to carry out secondary temperature adjustment before entering in samming passage by interface channel.
4. the temperature control method in animal room according to claim 3, it is characterised in that:It is secondary in the step B1 Air after temperature adjustment is also directly discharged into animal room by interface channel.
5. the temperature control method in animal room according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The A method for regulating temperature bag Include following steps:
A1 fresh airs enter from the air inlet of animal room;
A2 fresh airs are entered in temperature adjustment passage by air inlet, form tempering air.
6. the temperature control method in animal room according to claim 2, it is characterised in that:Temperature adjustment in the step A1 Passage is to be arranged on the underpass at the underground of animal room.
7. the temperature control method in animal room according to claim 6, it is characterised in that:It is fresh in the step A2 Air also carries out pre- temperature adjustment before underpass is entered.
8. the temperature control method in animal room according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Also include C method for exhausting, Comprise the following steps:
C1 is by the gas being discharged to by samming passage in animal room after heat exchange, and the waste gas of formation is drained into manure pit;
Waste gas and pernicious gas in manure pit is drained into blast pipe by C2 again, and is discharged by blast pipe outside animal room.
9. the temperature control method in animal room according to claim 8, it is characterised in that:Manure pit in the step C2 In waste gas pernicious gas also to pass through the discharge of animal room air outlet outdoor.
CN201710161699.3A 2017-03-17 2017-03-17 Temperature adjusting method in animal house Active CN107047326B (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108703085A (en) * 2018-05-23 2018-10-26 四川大学 Variable cross-section pouity dwelling place, pouity dwelling place group, pouity dwelling place design and the reconstruction method of energy uniform heat exchange

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103238527A (en) * 2013-03-27 2013-08-14 青岛正康生态畜业有限公司 Fresh air supply system elevated bed for pigs and fresh air supply process
CN103718974A (en) * 2009-12-23 2014-04-16 怀特希尔/哈姆罗克有限责任公司 Individual room duct and ventilation system for livestock production building
CN104429979A (en) * 2014-12-09 2015-03-25 余平 Animal house allowing easy ventilation and thermoregulation
CN204837420U (en) * 2015-02-12 2015-12-09 湖北宏全农牧有限公司 Intelligent pig farm pigsty
CN205389884U (en) * 2016-02-26 2016-07-27 镇沅农康畜牧科技有限公司 Hog house with temperature adjusting device
CN205756230U (en) * 2016-05-09 2016-12-07 磁县飞昊种鸡场 A kind of closed ventilation breeding house

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103718974A (en) * 2009-12-23 2014-04-16 怀特希尔/哈姆罗克有限责任公司 Individual room duct and ventilation system for livestock production building
CN103238527A (en) * 2013-03-27 2013-08-14 青岛正康生态畜业有限公司 Fresh air supply system elevated bed for pigs and fresh air supply process
CN104429979A (en) * 2014-12-09 2015-03-25 余平 Animal house allowing easy ventilation and thermoregulation
CN204837420U (en) * 2015-02-12 2015-12-09 湖北宏全农牧有限公司 Intelligent pig farm pigsty
CN205389884U (en) * 2016-02-26 2016-07-27 镇沅农康畜牧科技有限公司 Hog house with temperature adjusting device
CN205756230U (en) * 2016-05-09 2016-12-07 磁县飞昊种鸡场 A kind of closed ventilation breeding house

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108703085A (en) * 2018-05-23 2018-10-26 四川大学 Variable cross-section pouity dwelling place, pouity dwelling place group, pouity dwelling place design and the reconstruction method of energy uniform heat exchange

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